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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647851/a-questionnaire-survey-of-radiological-diagnosis-and-management-of-renal-dysplasia-in-children
#1
Giovanni Montini, Marco Busutti, Fatos Yalcinkaya, Adrian S Woolf, Stefanie Weber
BACKGROUND: The condition called renal dysplasia is considered to be a frequent cause of chronic kidney disease in children. Formally, it is defined by histological parameters. In current nephrology practice, however, the appearance of the kidneys on ultrasound scanning is often used as a basis for the diagnosis. METHODS: The European Society for Pediatric Nephrology Working Group on Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract hypothesized that the current diagnostic approach with regard to renal dysplasia was not homogeneous...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647766/impact-of-patient-questionnaires-on-completeness-of-clinical-information-and-identification-of-causes-of-pain-during-outpatient-abdominopelvic-ct-interpretation
#2
Ankur M Doshi, Chenchan Huang, Luke Ginocchio, Krishna Shanbhogue, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of questionnaires completed by patients at the time of abdominopelvic CT performed for abdominal pain on the completeness of clinical information and the identification of potential causes of pain, compared with order requisitions alone. METHODS: 100 outpatient CT examinations performed for the evaluation of abdominal pain were retrospectively reviewed. The specificity of the location of pain was compared between the order requisition and patient questionnaire...
June 24, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647354/the-future-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#3
EDITORIAL
Patrick S Yachimski, Andrew Ross
Since its introduction nearly 50 years ago, there has been considerable evolution in the practice and performance of ERCP. On the one hand, therapeutic ERCP has supplanted surgical and percutaneous radiologic procedures to emerge as the dominant method for pancreaticobiliary intervention. In other instances, the role of ERCP has been eroded by competing technologies, revised by controlled data which question the risk/benefit profile of ERCP-guided intervention for specific indications, and challenged by systems issues such as duodenoscope reprocessing...
June 21, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644861/impact-of-ki67-re-assessment-at-time-of-disease-progression-in-patients-with-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#4
Francesco Panzuto, Noemi Cicchese, Stefano Partelli, Maria Rinzivillo, Gabriele Capurso, Elettra Merola, Marco Manzoni, Eugenio Pucci, Elsa Iannicelli, Emanuela Pilozzi, Michele Rossi, Claudio Doglioni, Massimo Falconi, Gianfranco Delle Fave
BACKGROUND: Although re-assessment of proliferative activity by K67 evaluation during the course of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) is recommended in selected patients, its impact on patients' management is not clear due to the lack of data supporting this practice. AIM: To investigate Ki67 change at time of progressive disease (PD) in entero-pancreatic NENs (EP-NENs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of sporadic EP-NENs which received histological re-assessment after PD once radiologically documented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644311/hemobilia-an-uncommon-but-notable-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#5
Scott Cathcart, John W Birk, Michael Tadros, Micheal Schuster
GOAL AND BACKGROUND: A literature review to improve practitioners' knowledge and performance concerning the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of hemobilia. STUDY: A search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Medline was conducted using the keyword hemobilia and relevant articles were reviewed and analyzed. The findings pertaining to hemobilia etiology, investigation, and management techniques were considered and organized by clinicians practiced in hemobilia. RESULTS: The majority of current hemobilia cases have an iatrogenic cause from either bile duct or liver manipulation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641275/a-case-series-of-surgically-diagnosed-idiopathic-aortitis-in-a-canadian-centre-a-retrospective-study
#6
Diane L Murzin, Eric C Belanger, John P Veinot, Nataliya Milman
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic aortitis became recognized relatively recently, and the body of knowledge concerning this condition is scarce. We aimed to determine the frequency of idiopathic aortitis in aortic specimens, the clinical, laboratory and radiologic characteristics at diagnosis and during follow-up, and the approach to investigation, treatment and monitoring taken by the treating physicians. METHODS: We identified cases of aortitis diagnosed on pathological specimens of the aorta between Jan...
June 19, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640786/a-standardized-approach-for-transfusion-medicine-support-in-patients-with-morbidly-adherent-placenta
#7
Anil K Panigrahi, Amanda Yeaton-Massey, Sara Bakhtary, Jennifer Andrews, Deirdre J Lyell, Alexander J Butwick, Lawrence Tim Goodnough
BACKGROUND: The incidence of placenta accreta (PA) has increased from 0.8 to 3.0 in 1000 pregnancies, driven by increased rates of cesarean deliveries (32.2% in 2014) of births in the United States. The average blood loss for a delivery complicated by PA ranges from 2000 to 5000 mL, frequently requiring substantial transfusion medicine support. We report our own institutional multidisciplinary approach for managing such patients, along with transfusion medicine outcomes, in this setting over a 5-year period...
June 20, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639730/evaluation-of-thoracic-radiographs-as-a-screening-test-for-dogs-and-cats-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-veterinary-hospital-for-noncardiopulmonary-disease
#8
Christine L Keyserling, Yekaterina Buriko, Bridget M Lyons, Kenneth J Drobatz, Anthony J Fischetti
Thoracic radiographs are used as a screening tool for dogs and cats with a variety of disorders that have no clinical signs associated with thoracic structures. However, this practice has never been supported by an evidence-based study. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to determine if certain canine and feline populations have a higher proportion of radiographic abnormalities, and whether any of these abnormalities are associated with patient hospitalization and outcome. Patients were excluded if current or previous examinations revealed evidence of primary respiratory or cardiac disease, malignant neoplasia, or an abnormal breathing pattern consistent with pulmonary pathology...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634619/implementation-of-li-rads-into-a-radiological-practice
#9
REVIEW
Stefan T Siedlikowski, Ania Z Kielar, Eleanor L Ormsby, Bijan Bijan, Christopher Kagay
Since its introduction in 2011, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) has become an increasingly utilized method for radiologists to categorize lesions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk (American College of Radiology, www.acr.org/quality-safety/resources/lirads 2016). This overview article presents insight into methods of incorporating LI-RADS into an existing clinical practice, highlighting concrete ways to establish this system as a mainstay in any radiologist's evidence-based armamentarium...
June 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633923/-quality-in-practice-an-introduction-to-a-new-bimonthly-column-focused-on-radiology-quality-and-safety
#10
H Benjamin Harvey, Susan T Sotardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633921/applying-the-national-committee-for-quality-assurance-patient-centered-specialty-practice-framework-to-radiology
#11
Allison M Greene, Christopher R Bailey, Mollie Young, Elyce Wolfgang, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A G M Huisman, Daniel J Durand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632818/benefits-of-islet-transplantation-as-an-alternative-to-pancreas-transplantation-retrospective-study-of-more-than-10-ten-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center
#12
Barbora Voglová, Martina Zahradnická, Peter Girman, Jan Kríž, Zuzana Berková, Tomáš Koblas, Ema Vávrová, Lenka Németová, Lucie Kosinová, David Habart, Eva Fábryová, Eva Dovolilová, Ivan Leontovyc, Tomáš Neškudla, Jan Peregrin, Jozef Kovác, Kvetoslav Lipár, Matej Kocík, Tomáš Marada, Jirí Svoboda, František Saudek
BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation (PTx) represents the method of choice in type 1 diabetic patients with conservatively intractable hypoglycemia unawareness syndrome. In 2005, the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM) launched a program to investigate the safety potential of islet transplantation (ITx) in comparison to PTx. AIM: This study aims to compare the results of PTx and ITx regarding severe hypoglycemia elimination, metabolic control, and complication rate...
2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631981/patient-centered-radiology-where-are-we-where-do-we-want-to-be-and-how-do-we-get-there
#13
Jennifer L Kemp, Mary C Mahoney, Vincent P Mathews, Max Wintermark, Judy Yee, Stephen D Brown
Purpose The objectives of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Patient-Centered Radiology Steering Committee survey were to (a) assess RSNA members' general attitudes and experiences concerning patient-centered radiology, with specific attention paid to radiologist-to-patient communication; (b) examine the members' barriers to communicating more directly with patients; and (c) explore their perceptions of how such barriers can be overcome. Materials and Methods A total of 5999 radiologists were invited by e-mail to complete an anonymous electronic survey developed by the Steering Committee and the RSNA Department of Research...
June 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631962/needlestick-injuries-in-interventional-radiology-are-common-and-underreported
#14
Amy R Deipolyi, Anand M Prabhakar, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Purpose To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for needlesticks in interventional radiology physicians, as well as the attitudes, behaviors, and conditions that promote or interfere with reporting of these injuries. Materials and Methods A total of 3889 interventional radiologists from academic and private practice in the United States were surveyed by emailing all interventional radiologist members of the Society of Interventional Radiology, including attending-level physicians and trainees (April-August 2016)...
June 19, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630770/knowledge-on-irradiation-medical-imaging-prescriptions-and-clinical-imaging-referral-guidelines-among-physicians-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-cameroon
#15
Boniface Moifo, Ulrich Tene, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Odette Samba Ngano, Justine Tchemtchoua Youta, Augustin Simo, Joseph Gonsu Fotsin
BACKGROUND: Clinical imaging guidelines (CIGs) are suitable tools to enhance justification of imaging procedures. OBJECTIVE: To assess physicians' knowledge on irradiation, their self-perception of imaging prescriptions, and the use of CIGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 21 items was self-administered between July and August 2016 to 155 referring physicians working in seven university-affiliated hospitals in Yaoundé and Douala (Cameroon)...
2017: Radiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626731/how-to-differentiate-borderline-hepatic-nodules-in-hepatocarcinogenesis-emphasis-on-imaging-diagnosis
#16
REVIEW
Hyun Jeong Park, Byung Ihn Choi, Eun Sun Lee, Sung Bin Park, Jong Beum Lee
BACKGROUND: Rapid advances in liver imaging have improved the evaluation of hepatocarcinogenesis and early diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this situation, detection of early-stage HCC in its development is important for the improvement of patient survival and optimal treatment strategies. Because early HCCs are considered precursors of progressed HCC, precise differentiation between a dysplastic nodule (DN), especially a high-grade DN, and early HCC is important...
June 2017: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622797/making-the-best-value-of-clinical-radiology-irefer-guidelines-8th-edition
#17
D Remedios, B France, M Alexander
New uses of medical imaging as well as over-diagnosis and wasteful imaging have led to a 10% per annum growth in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Personalised value to the patient will be helped by referral guidelines for the best test first, adding evidence-based technical value to the investigation to answer the clinical question, thus providing allocative value to the commissioners of medical imaging. Appropriate imaging is driven by the need for effective decisions, radiation safety, and cost awareness...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622188/differences-in-fundamental-sagittal-pelvic-parameters-based-on-age-sex-and-race
#18
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Joshua J Meaike, Rachel S Bronheim, Kelly I Suchman, Doug Nowacki, Sunder S Gidumal, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age, sex, and race have independent effects on sagittal pelvic parameters. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pelvic parameters and sagittal balance correlate with health-related quality of life and are important for patient assessment and surgical planning. Age, sex, and race are 3 unalterable patient factors that may influence pelvic morphology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive adult patients who presented to our radiology practice between 2010 and 2015 and had a standing, lateral lumbosacral radiograph...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622164/measuring-left-ventricular-size-in-non-electrocardiographic-gated-chest-computed-tomography-what-radiologists-should-know
#19
Felipe S Torres, Luciano Folador, Diego A Eifer, Murilo Foppa, Kate Hanneman
Non-electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated computed tomography (CT) of the chest is one of the most commonly performed imaging studies. Although the heart is included in every CT study, cardiac findings are commonly underreported in radiology reports. Left ventricular size is one of the most important prognostic markers in multiple cardiac diseases and can be measured on almost all non-ECG-gated multidetector chest CT studies. This review will discuss the available evidence on different measurements of left ventricular size obtained on non-ECG-gated CT of the chest...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619440/breaking-bad-news-a-survey-of-radiology-residents-experiences-communicating-results-to-patients
#20
Anand Narayan, Sergio Dromi, Adam Meeks, Erin Gomez, Bonmyong Lee
PURPOSE: The practice of radiology often includes routine communication of diagnostic test results directly to patients in breast imaging and interventional radiology. There is increasing interest in expanding direct communication throughout radiology. Though these conversations can substantially affect patient well-being, there is limited evidence indicating that radiology residents are specifically taught methods to effectively convey imaging results to patients. Our purpose is to evaluate resident experience communicating imaging results to patients...
April 27, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
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