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treatment of congenital heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078382/timing-and-mode-of-delivery-in-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-heart-disease-an-analysis-of-practices-within-the-university-of-california-fetal-consortium-ucfc
#1
Shabnam Peyvandi, Tina Ahn Thu Thi Nguyen, Myriam Almeida-Jones, Nina Boe, Laila Rhee, Tracy Anton, Mark Sklansky, Maryam Tarsa, Gary Satou, Anita J Moon-Grady
Prenatal diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with decreased morbidity. It is also associated with lower birth weights and earlier gestational age at delivery. The University of California Fetal Consortium (UCfC) comprises five tertiary medical centers, and was created to define treatment practices. We utilized this consortium to assess delivery patterns and outcomes in subjects with prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of CHD. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on maternal-neonatal pairs diagnosed with complex CHD prenatally (n = 186) and postnatally (n = 110) from 2011 to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072699/prevention-preferable-to-treatment-3-case-reports-of-patients-experiencing-right-sided-heart-failure-after-ebstein-anomaly-correction
#2
Ming Luo, Jing Lin, Zhen Qin, Lei Du
RATIONALE: Ebstein anomaly is a common congenital heart disease that may induce severe tricuspid regurgitation and dilation of the "atrialized" portion of the right ventricle. Patients who undergo surgery to correct Ebstein anomaly are at high risk of postoperative right-sided heart failure, yet little is known about what pre-, peri-, or postoperative procedures may help reduce this risk. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we describe 3 cases of adults with Ebstein anomaly who underwent corrective surgery and in whom right-sided heart failure occurred with severe tricuspid regurgitation detected by transesophageal echocardiography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072626/acquired-coronary-artery-disease-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-true-or-a-false-problem
#3
Alessandro Giamberti, Mauro Lo Rito, Erika Conforti, Alessandro Varrica, Mario Carminati, Alessandro Frigiola, Lorenzo Menicanti, Massimo Chessa
BACKGROUND: The population of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is increasing and aging, and a large percentage of this population is now over 65 years of age. For this reason, it is probable that acquired coronary artery disease (CAD) will become an important issue that needs to be addressed also in these patients. We retrospectively analyzed all ACHD patients who underwent surgery in our Institution with the aim to investigate the incidence of associated CAD and the results of surgical treatment...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062416/blood-flow-patterns-underlie-developmental-heart-defects
#4
Madeline Midgett, Kent L Thornburg, Sandra Rugonyi
Although cardiac malformations at birth are typically associated with genetic anomalies, blood flow dynamics also play a crucial role in heart formation. However, the relationship between blood flow patterns in the early embryo and later cardiovascular malformation has not been determined. We used the chicken embryo model to quantify the extent to which anomalous blood flow patterns predict cardiac defects that resemble those in humans, and found that restricting either the inflow to the heart or the outflow led to reproducible abnormalities with a dose-response type relationship between blood flow stimuli and the expression of cardiac phenotypes...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043457/porcine-intestinal-submucosa-cormatrix-for-semilunar-valve-repair-in-children-a-word-of-caution-after-midterm-results
#5
Massimo A Padalino, Biagio Castaldi, Marny Fedrigo, Michele Gallo, Fabio Zucchetta, Vladimiro L Vida, Ornella Milanesi, Annalisa Angelini, Giovanni Stellin
Surgery for congenital valve anomalies in children is a challenging topic. We aim to assess early and late functional outcomes of CorMatrix scaffold after repair of aortic and pulmonary valves (PV) in congenital heart disease in a prospective nonrandomized clinical study on children with congenital aortic (Group 1) or PV (Group 2) disease. Primary endpoints were reoperation or reintervention on semilunar valves and echocardiographic evidence of regurgitation or stenosis greater than mild. Results of PV repair in tetralogy of Fallot were compared with a control group of patients who underwent PV repair with polytetrafluoroethylene...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033081/clinical-databases-and-registries-in-congenital-and-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-cardiology-critical-care-and-anesthesiology-worldwide
#6
David F Vener, Michael Gaies, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sara K Pasquali
The growth in large-scale data management capabilities and the successful care of patients with congenital heart defects have coincidentally paralleled each other for the last three decades, and participation in multicenter congenital heart disease databases and registries is now a fundamental component of cardiac care. This manuscript attempts for the first time to consolidate in one location all of the relevant databases worldwide, including target populations, specialties, Web sites, and participation information...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031653/complications-after-a-bidirectional-cavopulmonary-anastomosis-with-accessory-sources-of-pulmonary-blood-flow
#7
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Fayna Rodríguez-González
Creating an accessory source of pulsatile pulmonary blood flow in a patient with a bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis may have advantages and disadvantages. In relation to the latter, we report the complications seen in a cyanotic congenital heart disease patient who developed a superior vena cava syndrome plus severe swelling of his right hand that evolved satisfactorily after percutaneous and medical treatment.
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027769/brain-metabolite-alterations-in-eisenmenger-syndrome-evaluation-with-mr-proton-spectroscopy
#8
Dilek Şen Dokumacı, Ferit Doğan, Ali Yıldırım, Fatıma Nurefşan Boyacı, Erol Bozdoğan, Bülent Koca
OBJECTIVE: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a life-threatening disease characterized by pulmonary hypertension and cyanosis in patients with congenital heart diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the brain metabolite changes in Eisenmenger syndrome compared with a control group using MR proton spectroscopy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study included 10 children (3 male, 7 female) with congenital heart diseases and a diagnosis of Eisenmenger syndrome. The control group consisted of 10 healthy volunteer children...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025781/bronchial-artery-embolization-for-the-treatment-of-haemoptysis-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Edoardo Rasciti, Nicola Sverzellati, Mario Silva, Andrea Casadei, Domenico Attinà, Massimiliano Palazzini, Nazzareno Galiè, Maurizio Zompatori
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) to treat haemoptysis in pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: 33 patients were treated by BAE for haemoptysis associated with PH (PH group = 21) or non-associated with PH (control group = 12). The details of procedure, outcome, and rate of relapse were compared between the two groups. Within the PH group, the comparison was operated between subjects with congenital heart disease-associated pulmonary artery hypertension (CHD-APAH subgroup = 12) and non-CHD (non-CHD-APAH subgroup = 9)...
December 26, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024917/transposition-of-the-great-arteries-rationale-for-tailored-preoperative-management
#10
REVIEW
Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla, François Roubertie, Bernard Kreitmann, Philippe Mauriat, Nadir Tafer, Zakaria Jalal, Jean-Benoit Thambo
As preoperative morbi-mortality remains significant, care of newborns with transposition of the great arteries is still challenging. In this review of the literature, we discuss the different treatments that could improve the patient's condition into the preoperative period. Instead of a standardized management, we advocate personalized care of these neonates. Considering the deleterious effects of hypoxia, special attention is given to the use of non-invasive technologies to assess oxygenation of the tissues...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011082/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-review-of-the-current-guidelines
#11
E Saliba, T Debillon, S Auvin, O Baud, V Biran, J-L Chabernaud, S Chabrier, F Cneude, A-G Cordier, V Darmency-Stamboul, J-F Diependaele, T Debillon, M Dinomais, C Durand, A Ego, G Favrais, Y Gruel, L Hertz-Pannier, B Husson, S Marret, S N'Guyen The Tich, T Perez, E Saliba, J-B Valentin, C Vuillerot
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) is a rare event that occurs in approximately one in 5000 term or close-to-term infants. Most affected infants will present with seizures. Although a well-recognized clinical entity, many questions remain regarding diagnosis, risk factors, treatment, and follow-up modalities. In the absence of a known pathophysiological mechanism and lack of evidence-based guidelines, only supportive care is currently provided. To address these issues, a French national committee set up by the French Neonatal Society (Société française de néonatologie) and the national referral center (Centre national de référence) for arterial ischemic stroke in children drew up guidelines based on an HAS (Haute Autorité de santé [HAS]; French national authority for health) methodology...
December 20, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998861/-risk-factors-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-following-surgeries-for-pediatric-critical-and-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Shu-Rong Gong, Ying-Rui Zhang, Rong-Guo Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in children receiving surgeries for critical and complex congenital heart disease (CCHD). METHODS: According to the 2011's Berlin definition of ARDS, the clinical data were collected from 75 children without ARDS (group I) and 80 children with ARDS (group II) following surgeries for CCHD performed in the Department of Cardiac Surgery of our hospital from January, 2009 to May, 2014...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993359/perioperative-management-and-outcomes-of-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#13
Dave R Lal, Samir K Gadepalli, Cynthia D Downard, Daniel J Ostlie, Peter C Minneci, Ruth M Swedler, Thomas Chelius, Laura Cassidy, Cooper T Rapp, Katherine J Deans, Mary E Fallat, S Maria E Finnell, Michael A Helmrath, Ronald B Hirschl, Rashmi S Kabre, Charles M Leys, Grace Mak, Jessica Raque, Frederick J Rescorla, Jacqueline M Saito, Shawn D St Peter, Daniel von Allmen, Brad W Warner, Thomas T Sato
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a rare congenital anomaly lacking contemporary data detailing patient demographics, medical/surgical management and outcomes. Substantial variation in the care of infants with EA/TEF may affect both short- and long-term outcomes. The purpose of this study was to characterize the demographics, management strategies and outcomes in a contemporary multi-institutional cohort of infants diagnosed with EA/TEF to identify potential areas for standardization of care...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987519/-autoimmune-disorder-secondary-to-digeorge-syndrome-a-long-term-follow-up-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Y Xie, J Q Guo, Y Hua, W H Zhao, Q Sun, X T Lu
DiGeorge syndrome is the most common chromosome microdeletion disease. The classical complications include congenital heart disease, hypothyroidism, immunodeficiency, facial abnormalities, and hypocalcemia. According to whether there is an absence or hypoplasia of the thymus, DiGeorge syndrome can be divided into two types, complete DiGeorge syndrome and partial DiGeorge syndrome. The patient was a female born with congenital heart disease, facial abnormalities and cleft palate. When the patient went to school, she had learning difficulty and had problems in communication and personal social behavior...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986229/vi%C3%A1-n-tim-institut-du-coeur-success-of-a-congenital-heart-disease-center-in-a-developing-country
#15
EDITORIAL
Paul S Lajos, Alain F Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the Viện Tim Institute du Coeur is to provide high quality cardiac surgical care to the Vietnamese population with 25% of care allocated to the indigent. This article discusses the history; functional and financial implementation of creating a long-term fully sustainable adult and pediatric cardiac surgery center in Southeast Asia in a developing country. METHODS: The Institut du Coeur in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam is a fully functional and financially solvent cardiac surgery center that was formed 28 years ago...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979036/relationship-between-hospital-procedure-volume-and-complications-following-congenital-cardiac-catheterization-a-report-from-the-improving-pediatric-and-adult-congenital-treatment-impact-registry
#16
Natalie Jayaram, John A Spertus, Michael L O'Byrne, Paul S Chan, Kevin F Kennedy, Lisa Bergersen, Andrew C Glatz
BACKGROUND: The association between institutional volume and outcomes has been demonstrated for cardiac catheterization among adults, but less is known about this relationship for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Within the IMPACT registry, we identified all catheterizations between January 2011 and March 2015. Hierarchical logistic regression, adjusted for patient and procedural characteristics, was used to determine the association between annual catheterization lab volume and occurrence of a major adverse event (MAE)...
January 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959615/developmental-mechanisms-of-aortic-valve-malformation-and-disease
#17
Bingruo Wu, Yidong Wang, Feng Xiao, Jonathan T Butcher, Katherine E Yutzey, Bin Zhou
Normal aortic valves are composed of valve endothelial cells (VECs) and valve interstitial cells (VICs). VICs are the major cell population and have distinct embryonic origins in the endocardium and cardiac neural crest cells. Cell signaling between the VECs and VICs plays critical roles in aortic valve morphogenesis. Disruption of major cell signaling pathways results in aortic valve malformations, including bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). BAV is a common congenital heart valve disease that may lead to calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD), but there is currently no effective medical treatment for this beyond surgical replacement...
December 9, 2016: Annual Review of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956203/syphilis-during-pregnancy-a-preventable-threat-to-maternal-fetal-health
#18
REVIEW
Martha W F Rac, Paula A Revell, Catherine S Eppes
Syphilis remains the most common congenital infection worldwide and has tremendous consequences for the mother and her developing fetus if left untreated. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of congenital syphilis cases in the United States. Thus, recognition and appropriate treatment of reproductive-age women must be a priority. Testing should be performed at initiation of prenatal care and twice during the third trimester in high-risk patients. There are 2 diagnostic algorithms available and physicians should be aware of which algorithm is utilized by their testing laboratory...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938890/hybrid-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-with-severe-retrosternal-adhesions-after-sternotomy
#19
Shuai Li, Dehua Yang, Yazhen Ma, Shao-Tao Tang, Li Yang, Shiwang Li, Guoqing Cao, Kang Li, Xi Zhang, Xingjian Hu
BACKGROUND: The most striking feature of pectus excavatum (PE) after previous congenital heart disease (CHD) surgery through a median sternotomy is the postsurgical adhesions between the sternum and heart. For patients with severe adhesions, passing the introducer can be difficult and hazardous when performing a Nuss repair. We describe a hybrid Nuss procedure using a small subxiphoid incision for blunt and sharp anterior mediastinal dissection and using a thoracoscope to ensure the whole process of dissection is under direct visualization...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928843/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-after-pediatric-congenital-heart-surgery-incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcome
#20
Martin Boehne, Michael Sasse, André Karch, Friederike Dziuba, Alexander Horke, Torsten Kaussen, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Philipp Beerbaum, Thomas Jack
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is frequent after cardiac surgery, but data on its incidence and perioperative risk factors are scarce for children with congenital heart disease. METHODS: SIRS incidence within 72 hours following cardiac surgery was evaluated in a secondary analysis of children enrolled to a treatment-free control group of a randomized controlled trial. Intraoperative parameters were investigated for their association with SIRS using multivariable fractional polynomial logistic regression models...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
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