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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229474/residents-engagement-in-everyday-activities-and-its-association-with-thriving-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sabine Björk, Marie Lindkvist, Anders Wimo, Christina Juthberg, Ådel Bergland, David Edvardsson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of everyday activity engagement for older people in nursing homes and the extent to which engagement in everyday activities is associated with thriving. BACKGROUND: Research into residents' engagement in everyday activities in nursing homes has focused primarily on associations with quality of life and prevention and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the mere absence of symptoms do not necessarily guarantee experiences of well-being...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228631/relationship-between-health-promotion-volunteer-experience-and-medical-costs-hoken-hodouin-activities-in-suzaka-nagano
#2
Haruhiko Imamura, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Yuji Nishiwaki
Objectives This study demonstrated the relationship between experience as a health promotion volunteer (Hoken-hodouin) and medical costs in Japan. The study area was Suzaka City (March 2016 population: 51,637) in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, where a total of about 300 women have been engaged and trained as health promotion volunteers since 1958.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 using a self-administered questionnaire, which included items on experiences as a health promotion volunteer, age at engagement, leadership status, and satisfaction with the experience...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228197/the-fundamentals-of-resident-dismissal
#3
Paul J Schenarts, Sean Langenfeld
Residents have the rights and responsibilities of both students and employees. Dismissal of a resident from a training program is traumatic and has lasting repercussions for the program director, the faculty, the dismissed resident, and the residency. A review of English language literature was performed using PUBMED and OVID databases, using the search terms, resident dismissal, resident termination, student dismissal, student and resident evaluation, legal aspects of education, and remediation. The references of each publication were also reviewed to identify additional appropriate citations...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228099/impact-of-adding-additional-providers-to-resident-workload-and-the-resident-experience-on-a-medical-consultation-rotation
#4
Michele Fang, Eric Linson, Manish Suneja, Ethan F Kuperman
BACKGROUND: Excellence in Graduate Medical Education requires the right clinical environment with an appropriate workload where residents have enough patients to gain proficiency in medicine with optimal time for reflection. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has focused more on work hours rather than workload; however, high resident workload has been associated with lower resident participation in education and fatigue-related errors. Recognizing the potential risks associated with high resident workload and being mindful of the costs of reducing resident workload, we sought to reduce residents' workload by adding an advanced practice provider (APP) to the surgical comanagement service (SCM) and study its effect on resident satisfaction and perceived educational value of the rotation...
February 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225713/the-development-and-evolution-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-in-taiwan-from-1958-to-2016
#5
I-Nan Lien, Pei-Shen Wu, Tyng-Guey Wang, Ssu-Yuan Chen, Henry L Lew
The field of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) began its development in Taiwan since 1958, and has gradually evolved into a profession that provides a diversity of clinical services and educational activities. The objectives of this brief report were to (1) review its background and milestones in the past 6 decades, (2) describe the current role and function of its Academy of PM&R, (3) present the content and format of its board certification process, focusing on (a) residency training requirements, (b) self-assessment examination, board certification process, and (c) maintenance of certification through continued education...
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#6
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225465/a-patient-centered-approach-to-developing-entrustable-professional-activities
#7
Carlos El-Haddad, Arvin Damodaran, H Patrick McNeil, Wendy Hu
PURPOSE: The medical education community is rapidly accepting the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as a means of assessing residents. Stakeholder engagement is advised in developing EPAs, but no studies have investigated the role of patient input. In this qualitative study, the authors investigated what patient input may add to designing a patient-centered EPA. METHOD: The authors chose "management of acute low back pain (LBP)" as a common, important clinical task on which to base the patient-centered EPA...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225462/validity-evidence-from-ratings-of-pediatric-interns-and-subinterns-on-a-subset-of-pediatric-milestones
#8
Teri L Turner, Vasudha L Bhavaraju, Ulana A Luciw-Dubas, Patricia J Hicks, Sara Multerer, Amanda Osta, Jennifer McDonnell, Sue Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate evidence for validity of faculty members' pediatric milestone (PM) ratings of interns (first-year residents) and subinterns (fourth-year medical students) on nine subcompetencies related to readiness to serve as a pediatric intern in the inpatient setting. METHOD: The Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN) and the National Board of Medical Examiners collaborated to investigate the utility of assessments of the PMs for trainees' performance...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224724/economic-and-social-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-low-income-country-a-case-control-study-in-sudan
#9
Hind Elrayah-Eliadarous, Claes-Göran Östensson, Mohamed Eltom, Pia Johansson, Vibeke Sparring, Rolf Wahlström
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus accounts for 11% of total health expenditures worldwide, and the majority of all persons with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. This study examined the economic and social impact attributed to diabetes in Sudan by calculating out-of-pocket medical expenditures and the health and social impact of the disease for persons with diabetes (n = 375) and their families, compared to a non-diabetic control group (n = 375), matched for age, sex and residence area...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223854/mohs-surgical-reconstruction-educational-activity-a-resident-education-tool
#10
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Brandon P Goodwin, Linda G Phillips, Eric L Cole, Richard F Wagner
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstructive planning following Mohs surgery can be a difficult subject for dermatology residents to master. Prior research demonstrates that active learning is preferred and more effective compared to passive learning models and that dermatology residents desire greater complexity and volume in surgical training. We present a novel, active, problem-based learning tool for the education of Mohs reconstruction with the goal of improving residents' ability to plan surgical reconstructions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222994/palliative-care-and-palliative-radiation-therapy-education-in-radiation-oncology-a-survey-of-us-radiation-oncology-program-directors
#11
Randy L Wei, Lauren E Colbert, Joshua Jones, Margarita Racsa, Gabrielle Kane, Steve Lutz, Neha Vapiwala, Kavita V Dharmarajan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the state of palliative and supportive care (PSC) and palliative radiation therapy (RT) educational curricula in radiation oncology residency programs in the United States. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed 87 program directors of radiation oncology residency programs in the United States between September 2015 and November 2015. An electronic survey on PSC and palliative RT education during residency was sent to all program directors...
December 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222807/validation-of-the-aging-perceptions-questionnaire-short-on-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-turkish-elderly-migrants
#12
Anne Slotman, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: Aging perceptions have been found to be major contributors to health in old age. To quantitatively explore aging perceptions among elderly Turkish migrants, valid and reliable Turkish-language instruments are needed. The objective of the current study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Turkish-language version of the seven-dimension Aging Perceptions Questionnaire Short version (APQ-S) in a sample of community-dwelling elderly Turkish migrants in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222115/do-family-and-neighbourhood-matter-in-secondary-school-completion-a-multilevel-study-of-determinants-and-their-interactions-in-a-life-course-perspective
#13
Arnhild Myhr, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes, Thomas Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Completion of secondary education is important for individuals' future health and health behaviour. The fundamental purpose of this study is to investigate the variation and clustering of school completion in families and neighbourhoods. Secondly, we aim to examine the impact of individuals' family structure and neighbourhood of residence and examine to what extent parental education level moderates these associations. METHODS: Longitudinal register data for 30% of the entire Norwegian population aged 21-27 years in 2010 (N = 107,003) was extracted from Statistic Norway´s event database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221166/prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department
#14
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220214/the-epidemiology-of-alcohol-use-in-izmir-turkey-drinking-pattern-impairment-and-help-seeking
#15
Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Umut Kırlı, Hayriye Elbi, Köksal Alptekin
PURPOSE: There is no report on various patterns of alcohol drinking and related impairment, help-seeking in Turkey. We investigated the 12-month prevalence and correlates of drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in the general population of Izmir-Turkey, with further analyses on role impairment and help-seeking. METHOD: A multi-stage clustered area probability sample of adult household residents in the Izmir Metropolitan Area was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219677/nsqip-based-quality-improvement-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#16
Mary M Mrdutt, Claire L Isbell, Justin L Regner, Bonnie R Hodges, Yolanda Munoz Maldonado, J Scott Thomas, Harry T Papaconstantinou
BACKGROUND: General surgery training has historically lacked a standardized approach to resident Quality Improvement (QI) education aside from traditional Morbidity and Mortality conference. In 2013, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) formalized QI as a component of residency training. Our residency chose the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Quality In-Training Initiative (QITI) as the foundation for our QI training. We hypothesized that a focused curriculum based on outcomes would produce change in culture and improve quality of patient care...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218938/voices-from-family-medicine-on-becoming-a-family-physician
#17
William B Ventres
In this essay-part memoir, part reflection, and part oral history-I review my early professional development, a several years' long progression after residency training, during which I grew from functioning as a technically competent primary care doctor to being a capable and compassionate family physician. As part of that development, and with my colleague John Frey, MD, I interviewed several of the founders of the modern family medicine movement. Here I review some of their answers to the fundamental question of my early practice years: What does it mean to be a family physician? I cite some of their words of wisdom, those of particular import for me, and discuss how these words both helped me become a family physician and ring true even today as we approach the 50th anniversary of the founding of family medicine...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218936/a-national-cera-study-of-the-use-of-laborists-in-family-medicine-residency-training
#18
Robert A Baldor, Christine Chang Pecci, Gerardo Moreno, Virginia Van Duyne, Stacy E Potts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of laborists (which we defined as "clinicians dedicated to providing L&D care services in the hospital environment for pregnant patients, regardless of who provided the prenatal care" for this survey) on family medicine residency training. We surveyed family medicine residency directors to assess characteristics about laborist services and their involvement in family medicine residency teaching. METHODS: Questions were included in the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency directors...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217724/quality-of-life-among-female-cancer-survivors-in-africa-an-integrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Rhoda Suubi Muliira, Anna Santos Salas, Beverley O'Brien
Quality of life (QOL) has been studied extensively among cancer populations in high income countries where cancer care resources are available to many. Little is known concerning the QOL of cancer groups residing in Africa where resources can be scarce. The integrative review of the literature explored and critically examined studies that had addressed QOL in female cancer survivors in Africa. The extent to which QOL studies incorporated a cultural perspective was also examined. Research studies published between 2005 and 2015 were retrieved from five databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, ProQuest dissertations and Theses full text, and GlobalHealth...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216868/estimation-of-palliative-care-need-in-the-urban-community-of-puducherry
#20
A Praveena Daya, Sonali Sarkar, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
CONTEXT: The coverage of palliative care services is inadequate in India. Data on number of people needing palliative care and disease conditions needing palliative care needs to be estimated prior to planning of service in any area. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of need of palliative care in an urban area of Puducherry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Exploratory cross-sectional study conducted in two areas, Senthamarainagar and Thiruvalluvarnagar having about 500 households each in Muthialpet area in urban Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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