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Joint manipulation

Sang Won Mun, Chang Hee Baek
BACKGROUND: Hydrodistention is known to be an effective method of treatment for frozen shoulder. However, hydrodistention is accompanied by severe pain during the procedure. An interscalene block may relieve the severe pain associated with the procedure of hydrodistention. This study compared the clinical efficacy of hydrodistention with joint manipulation under an interscalene block with that of intra-articular corticosteroid injection. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 121 patients presenting with frozen shoulder...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Zonggao Mu, Liang Han, Wenfu Xu, Bing Li, Bin Liang
A space manipulator plays an important role in spacecraft capturing, repairing, maintenance, and so on. However, the harsh space environment will cause its joints fail to work. For a non-redundant manipulator, single joint locked failure will cause it to lose one degree of freedom (DOF), hence reducing its movement ability. In this paper, the key problems related to the fault-tolerant including kinematics, workspace, and trajectory planning of a non-redundant space manipulator under single joint failure are handled...
2016: Robotics and Biomimetics
Carla R Scanzello
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammatory changes in joint tissues can be detected by modern imaging techniques in osteoarthritis patients, but may be clinically subtle compared with many other types of arthritis. These changes associate with disease progression and clinical severity, and many inflammatory mediators may have biomarker utility. Moreover, a number of inflammatory mechanisms play a role in animal models of disease, but it is still not clear which mechanisms predominate and might be therapeutically manipulated most effectively...
October 14, 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Arvid Erlandsson, Amanda Å Jungstrand, Daniel Västfjäll
One important motivation for people behaving prosocially is that they want to avoid negative and obtain positive emotions. In the prosocial behavior literature however, the motivations to avoid negative emotions (e.g., guilt) and to approach positive emotions (e.g., warm glow) are rarely separated, and sometimes even aggregated into a single mood-management construct. The aim of this study was to investigate whether anticipated guilt if not helping and anticipated warm glow if helping are influenced similarly or differently when varying situational factors related to personal responsibility to help...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Ohannes F Plate, Andrew D Wohler, Matthew L Brown, Daniel Sun, Nora F Fino, Jason E Lang
INTRODUCTION: Stiffness and loss of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex and multifactorial complication that may require manipulation under anesthesia (MUA). However, patient and surgical factors that potentially influence the development of knee stiffness following TKA are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to identify patient and surgical factors that may influence range of motion loss following TKA by assessing a cohort of patients that underwent MUA and comparing them to a matched cohort of patients without complications...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Melanie Kolditz, Thivaharan Albin, Dirk Abel, Alessandro Fasse, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Kirsten Albracht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Effective leg extension training at a leg press requires high forces, which need to be controlled to avoid training-induced damage. In order to avoid high external knee adduction moments, which are one reason for unphysiological loadings on knee joint structures, both training movements and the whole reaction force vector need to be observed. In this study, the applicability of lateral and medial changes in foot orientation and position as possible manipulated variables to control external knee adduction moments is investigated...
September 27, 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Freya E Rowland, Madelyn B Rawlings, Raymond D Semlitsch
Primary production can be controlled through bottom-up (e.g., resources) or top-down (e.g., predators) constraints. Two key bottom-up resources in small aquatic systems are light and nutrients, and forest canopy cover heavily influences these factors, whereas amphibian and invertebrate colonizers exert top-down pressure as grazers and predators. We designed our experiment to specifically manipulate two different top-down and bottom-up factors. We manipulated resources by altering light (low/high) and nutrient (low/high) availability; omnivores with the presence/absence of southern leopard frog tadpoles (Lithobates sphenocephalus); and predators with the presence/absence of spotted salamander larvae (Ambystoma maculatum) in a full-factorial experiment conducted over 14 weeks...
October 7, 2016: Oecologia
Ulf Liebe, Cordula Hundeshagen, Heiko Beyer, Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel
In stated preference studies it is assumed that individuals' answers reflect true preferences and are stable over time. We test these two assumptions of validity and reliability using as an example a choice experiment study on ethical consumption that measures preferences for a Peace Product jointly produced by Israeli and Palestinian producers as well as for organic products. In a web survey conducted in Germany, we investigate the validity assumption by manipulating the question context and presenting one group of respondents with questions on anti-Semitic and anti-Arabic attitudes before the choice tasks, and presenting another group with these questions after the choice tasks...
November 2016: Social Science Research
David J Frank, Beatrice G Kuhlmann
Experience-based cues, such as perceptual fluency, have long been thought to influence metacognitive judgments (Kelley & Jacoby, 1996; Koriat, 1997). Studies found that manipulations of perceptual fluency via changes in font and volume alter Judgments of Learning (JOLs) without influencing memory performance (Rhodes & Castel, 2008, 2009). Nonetheless, recent research (Mueller, Tauber, & Dunlosky, 2013; Mueller, Dunlosky, Tauber, & Rhodes, 2014, 2016) has challenged the notion that experience-based cues such as fluency are the primary basis for item-level JOLs, arguing instead that preexisting beliefs about these manipulations are responsible for these effects...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Jing Zhang, Kenneth B Storey
BACKGROUND: Statistical analysis and data visualization are two crucial aspects in molecular biology and biology. For analyses that compare one dependent variable between standard (e.g., control) and one or multiple independent variables, a comprehensive yet highly streamlined solution is valuable. The computer programming language R is a popular platform for researchers to develop tools that are tailored specifically for their research needs. Here we present an R package RBioplot that takes raw input data for automated statistical analysis and plotting, highly compatible with various molecular biology and biochemistry lab techniques, such as, but not limited to, western blotting, PCR, and enzyme activity assays...
2016: PeerJ
Robert Harman, Kim Carlson, Jamie Gaynor, Scott Gustafson, Sarit Dhupa, Keith Clement, Michael Hoelzler, Tim McCarthy, Pamela Schwartz, Cheryl Adams
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease with a high prevalence in dogs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used to treat humans, dogs, and horses with OA. This report describes a prospective, randomized, blinded, and placebo-controlled clinical efficacy study of intraarticular allogeneic adipose stem cells for the treatment of dogs with OA. Health assessments and measurements of pain and activity impairment were performed at baseline and at selected time points through day 60. The primary outcome variable was the owner Client-Specific Outcome Measurement (CSOM) and secondary measures included veterinary pain on manipulation, veterinary global score, and owner global score...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Z C Lum, A V Lombardi, J M Hurst, M J Morris, J B Adams, K R Berend
AIMS: Since redesign of the Oxford phase III mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) femoral component to a twin-peg design, there has not been a direct comparison to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Thus, we explored differences between the two cohorts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 168 patients (201 knees) underwent medial UKA with the Oxford Partial Knee Twin-Peg. These patients were compared with a randomly selected group of 177 patients (189 knees) with primary Vanguard TKA...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Lauren A Beaupre, B Sharifi, D W C Johnston
BACKGROUND: This 10-year follow-up compares health-related quality of life (HRQL) and reoperations in 100 subjects who were randomized to receive posterior cruciate ligament substituting (PS) or posterior cruciate ligament retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty. We previously reported 2-year results. METHODS: Subjects were enrolled preoperatively and randomized at surgery. Subjects completed HRQL questionnaires at all evaluation points. Subjects were re-evaluated at 2 and 10 years with reoperations determined through regional medical record review and patient report...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Kristof Kipp, Chad Harris
Lifting greater loads during weightlifting exercises may theoretically be achieved through increasing the magnitudes of net joint impulses or manipulating the joints' effective mechanical advantage (EMA). The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle-specific EMA and joint impulse as well as impulse-momentum characteristics of the lifter-barbell system across a range of external loads during the execution of the clean. Collegiate-level weightlifters performed sub-maximal cleans at 65, 75, and 85% of their 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) while data from a motion analysis system and a force plate were used to calculate lifter-barbell system impulse and velocity, as well as net extensor impulse generated at the hip, knee, and ankle joints and the EMA of the gluteus maximus, hamstrings, quadriceps, and triceps surae muscles...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Yashar Shabbouei Hagh, Reza Mohammadi Asl, Vincent Cocquempot
In this paper, a new hybrid robust fault tolerant control scheme is proposed. A robust H∞ control law is used in non-faulty situation, while a Non-Singular Terminal Sliding Mode (NTSM) controller is activated as soon as an actuator fault is detected. Since a linear robust controller is designed, the system is first linearized through the feedback linearization method. To switch from one controller to the other, a fuzzy based switching system is used. An Adaptive Joint Unscented Kalman Filter (AJUKF) is used for fault detection and diagnosis...
September 19, 2016: ISA Transactions
Daniel Markel, Ives Levesque, Joe Larkin, Pierre Léger, Issam El Naqa
At present, there exists few openly available methods for evaluation of simultaneous segmentation and registration algorithms. These methods allow for a combination of both techniques to track the tumor in complex settings such as adaptive radiotherapy. We have produced a quality assurance platform for evaluating this specific subset of algorithms using a preserved porcine lung in such that it is multi-modality compatible: positron emission tomography (PET), computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Sourav Chandra, Mitsuhiro Hayashibe, Asokan Thondiyath, Manickam Ramalingam
BACKGROUND: Fatigue induced hand tremor (FIT) is a primary limiting concern for the prolonged surgical intervention in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and robot-assisted-minimally invasive surgery (RAMIS). A thorough analysis is necessary to understand the FIT characteristics in laparoscopic tool movement. The primary aim of this study is to perform a differential analysis of the elbow and wrist tremor due to muscle fatigue in laparoscopic manoeuvring. METHODS: We have introduced a joint angle based tremor analysis method, which enables us to perform a differential study of FIT characteristics at the individual joint...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Melissa C Kilby, Peter C M Molenaar, Semyon M Slobounov, Karl M Newell
The experiment was setup to investigate the control of human quiet standing through the manipulation of augmented visual information feedback of selective properties of the motion of two primary variables in postural control: center of pressure (COP) and center of mass (COM). Five properties of feedback information were contrasted to a no feedback dual-task (watching a movie) control condition to determine the impact of visual real-time feedback on the coordination of the joint motions in postural control in both static and dynamic one-leg standing postures...
September 19, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Wolfgang Einhäuser, Antje Nuthmann
During natural scene viewing, humans typically attend and fixate selected locations for about 200-400 ms. Two variables characterize such "overt" attention: the probability of a location being fixated, and the fixation's duration. Both variables have been widely researched, but little is known about their relation. We use a two-step approach to investigate the relation between fixation probability and duration. In the first step, we use a large corpus of fixation data. We demonstrate that fixation probability (empirical salience) predicts fixation duration across different observers and tasks...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
Margaret A Nowicki, Nathan J Castro, Michael W Plesniak, Lijie Grace Zhang
Osteochondral tissue has a complex graded structure where biological, physiological, and mechanical properties vary significantly over the full thickness spanning from the subchondral bone region beneath the joint surface to the hyaline cartilage region at the joint surface. This presents a significant challenge for tissue-engineered structures addressing osteochondral defects. Fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D bioprinters present a unique solution to this problem. The objective of this study is to use FDM-based 3D bioprinting and nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite for improved bone marrow human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) adhesion, growth, and osteochondral differentiation...
October 14, 2016: Nanotechnology
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