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Joint manipulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352683/discharge-to-inpatient-rehab-does-not-result-in-improved-functional-outcomes-following-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#1
Douglas E Padgett, Alexander B Christ, Amethia D Joseph, You-Yu Lee, Stephen B Haas, Stephen Lyman
BACKGROUND: Monitored rehabilitation has long been considered an essential part of the recovery process in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the optimal setting for rehabilitation remains uncertain. We sought to determine whether inpatient rehabilitation settings result in improved functional and patient-reported outcomes after primary TKA. METHODS: All patients undergoing primary TKA from May 2007 to February 2011 were identified from our institutional total joint registry...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350013/-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-double-k-wires-internal-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-multisegmental-fracture-of-humeral-shaft
#2
Yong Sun, Hong-Sheng Shang, Wei-Hong Zhang, Jing-Ti Jing
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of closed reduction and percutaneous double K-wires internal fixation in treating multisegmental fracture of humeral shaft. METHODS: From January 2009 to April 2015, 27 patients with multisegmental fracture of humeral shaft were treated with closed reduction and percutaneous double K-wires internal fixation, including 10 males and 17 females, ranging in age from 26 to 81 years with an average of 52 years;the disease course ranged from 2 hours to 6 days with an average of 1...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349990/-experimentation-of-the-relationship-between-medial-or-lateral-patellar-stabilizer-and-patellofemoral-stabilization
#3
Xing-Sen Liang, Zheng-Hong Yu, Yi-Kai Li, Ying-Ping Jiang, Xian-Wu Chen, Min Huang
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of medial or lateral stabilizer to the stability of the patella, to explore the function and effect of releasing the LPR clinically and to provide a biomechanical basis for the clinical treatment of patellar instability(PI). METHODS: The quadriceps femoris of 6 fresh human cadaver knees were loaded to simulate a normal condition of muscle strength. First the loading force was measured and recorded, which subluxated the patella with the different degrees of knee flexion...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349962/-midterm-clinical-outcome-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-with-early-hip-involved-diseases-treated-with-arthroscopic-technique
#4
Chun-Bao Li, Wei Qi, Zhi-Gang Wang, Zhong-Li Li, Min Wei, Xu Cai, Qiang Zhang, Juan-Li Zhu, Yang Liu, Yu-Jie Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical outcome of manipulation release combined with arthroscopic debridement and synovia resection under general anesthesia for early hip involvment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: Manipulation release combined with arthroscpic debridement and synovium resection were performed for hip lesion in 22 patients with ankylosing spondylitis from June 2011 to June 2013, incuding 6 males and 16 females with anverage age of 24...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336620/the-role-of-the-pi3k-mtor-signaling-pathway-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-small-colony-variants-intracellular-survival
#5
Agnieszka Magryś, Agnieszka Bogut, Michał Kiełbus, Alina Olender
The objective of this study was to analyze how Staphylococcus epidermidis SCV and WT strains manipulate the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Six S. epidermidis strains with normal phenotype (WT) and six S. epidermidis strains with SCV phenotype were isolated in parallel from six patients with the prosthetic hip joint infections. THP-1 activated cells were incubated with or without PI3K inhibitor-wortmannin or with mTOR inhibitor-rapamycin. Next, macrophages were exposed to S. epidermidis WT and SCV strains...
January 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336480/species-co-occurrence-networks-can-they-reveal-trophic-and-non-trophic-interactions-in-ecological-communities
#6
Mara A Freilich, Evie Wieters, Bernardo R Broitman, Pablo A Marquet, Sergio A Navarrete
Co-occurrence methods are increasingly utilized in ecology to infer networks of species interactions where detailed knowledge based on empirical studies is difficult to obtain. Their use is particularly common, but not restricted to, microbial networks constructed from metagenomic analyses. In this study, we test the efficacy of this procedure by comparing an inferred network constructed using spatially intensive co-occurrence data from the rocky intertidal zone in central Chile to a well-resolved, empirically-based, species interaction network from the same region...
January 16, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334399/chondrocyte-burst-promotes-space-for-mineral-expansion
#7
Emilio Satoshi Hara, Masahiro Okada, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Takako Hattori, Letycia Mary Iida, Takuo Kuboki, Takayoshi Nakano, Takuya Matsumoto
Analysis of tissue development from multidisciplinary approaches can result in more integrative biological findings, and can eventually allow the development of more effective bioengineering methods. In this study, we analyzed the initial steps of mineral formation during secondary ossification of mouse femur based on biological and bioengineering approaches. We first found that some chondrocytes burst near the mineralized area. External factors that could trigger chondrocyte burst were then investigated. Chondrocyte burst was shown to be modulated by mechanical and osmotic pressure...
January 15, 2018: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327548/-research-of-tcm-synthetic-rehabilitation-on-the-recovery-of-wrist-joint-after-distal-radius-fractures
#8
Yong Zhao, Qing-Qing Dong, Wei-Kai Qin, An Yan, Kuan Zhang, Guo-Dong Zhao, Gang Wang, Jin-Chao Geng, Zhan-Feng Wang, Ze-Ming Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and advantages of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) synthetic rehabilitation therapy in the treatment of wrist dysfunction after distal radius fractures. METHODS: From May 2014 to October 2015, 72 patients with distal radius fracture meeting standards were treated using central randomization system for clinical research. All the patients were divided into two groups: 36 patients in test group and 36 in control group. Sixty-nine cases were finished treatment and followed up in the end...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322984/a-device-for-three-dimensional-quantitative-assessment-and-alignment-of-c1-2-vertebrae-during-posterior-distraction-and-fusion-technique-for-atlantoaxial-dislocation-and-or-basilar-invagination
#9
P B Karthik, Jayesh Sardhara, Nachiketa Tiwari, Sanjay Behari
The most common type of congenital C1-2 dislocation is a combined type in which atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD) and basilar invagination (BI) are often associated with a rotational dislocation and coronal tilt. An optimal surgical treatment involves reduction of AAD and BI with simultaneous correction of the rotation and coronal tilt to achieve an optimal cervical canal decompression, sagittal and coronal realignment and bony fusion. The most acceptable technique to facilitate this correction is the C1-C2 distraction technique, which is accomplished by the manual joint manipulation...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314775/the-relationship-between-digit-independence-and-digital-sesamoids-in-humans-and-a-proposal-of-a-new-digital-sesamoid-evolutionary-hypothesis
#10
Kaissar Yammine
Digital sesamoids are found in the metapodial-phalangeal joints of most mammals and quadrupedal tetrapods, yet their functional significance is still unclear. During primate evolution, a slight decline in their frequency has been associated with brachiation in gibbons, followed by a quasi-complete absence in orangutans then a slight resurgence occurred in gorillas and chimpanzees. Simultaneously, forearm muscles showed a progressive division in hominoid evolution towards a more "individualistic" musculature yielding more mobility and independence to some fingers...
January 3, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308698/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-on-pain-and-self-reported-function-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Brian J Eckenrode, David M Kietrys, J Scott Parrott
Study Design Systematic literature review with meta-analysis. Background Management of patellofemoral pain (PFP) may include the utilization of manual therapy (MT) techniques to the patellofemoral joint, surrounding soft tissues, and/or lumbospelvic region. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of MT, either used alone or as an adjunct intervention, compared to standard treatment or sham, for reducing pain and improving self-report function in individuals with PFP. Methods An electronic literature search (PubMed, OVID, CENTRAL, and CINAHL databases) was conducted for studies investigating MT for individuals with PFP...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303758/response-of-soft-tissue-to-different-abutment-materials-with-different-surface-topographies-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
Feras Al Rezk, Georgia Trimpou, Hans-Christoph Lauer, Paul Weigl, Nadine Krockow
Soft tissue integration in the transmucosal zone of dental abutments supports the peri-implant tissues, improves esthetics, ensures soft tissue seal against microorganisms, and preserves crestal bone level. The aim of this literature review was to define the most favorable surface topography and macrodesign of the transmucosal zone of abutments to achieve optimal soft tissue seal. An electronic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE database was performed, seeking relevant English-language articles published between January 1, 2003, and October 11, 2014...
January 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291088/empirical-evidence-of-fixed-and-homeostatic-patterns-of-polyploid-advantage-in-a-keystone-grass-exposed-to-drought-and-heat-stress
#13
Robert C Godfree, David J Marshall, Andrew G Young, Cathy H Miller, Sarah Mathews
A long-standing hypothesis in evolutionary biology is that polyploid plants have a fitness advantage over diploids in climatically variable or extreme habitats. Here we provide the first empirical evidence that polyploid advantage in these environments is caused by two distinct processes: homeostatic maintenance of reproductive output under elevated abiotic stress, and fixed differences in seed development. In an outdoor climate manipulation experiment using coastal to inland Australian populations of the perennial grass Themeda triandra Forssk...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277083/manipulation-under-anaesthesia-and-steroid-injection-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-surgery-to-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#14
Sanil Ajwani, Cezary Kocialkowski, Rebecca Hill, Nasser Kurdy
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of manipulation under anaesthesia and local steroid injection to treat stiffness of the first metatarsophalangeal joint following surgery for hallux rigidus or hallux valgus. METHODS: Patients were identified who had undergone surgery for hallux rigidus or hallux valgus and subsequently were treated with manipulation and steroid injection for stiffness of their joint. Patient records were reviewed to determine the range of movement of the joint pre-operatively, immediately following the procedure and at subsequent follow up...
November 22, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276467/chiropractic-management-using-multimodal-therapies-on-2-pediatric-patients-with-constipation
#15
Madhu Mia Iyer, Evangelia Skokos, Denise Piombo
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of 7-month-old male twins who had had constipation since birth. Clinical Features: Identical male twins presented with the chief complaint of constipation and bloating. Both patients were born premature after 29 weeks of gestation and had invasive abdominal surgeries in the right lower quadrant resulting in healed postsurgical scars. Patient A underwent ileostomy for a perforation in his ileum...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#16
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274311/endoscopic-assisted-treatment-combined-with-transoral-and-transbuccal-approach-to-mandibular-subcondylar-fractures
#17
Osman Akdag, Gokce Yildiran, Malik Abaci, Zekeriya Tosun
PURPOSE: Endoscopic treatment of maxillofacial fractures is a different way of performing open reduction and internal fixation. This report presents a case series of mandibular subcondylar fractures performed with combined endoscopic transoral and transbuccal approaches and the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with mandibular condylar fractures were preoperatively assessed for risk and underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the endoscope-assisted transoral approach...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273079/united-kingdom-frozen-shoulder-trial-uk-frost-multi-centre-randomised-12-month-parallel-group-superiority-study-to-compare-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-early-structured-physiotherapy-versus-manipulation-under-anaesthesia-versus-arthroscopic-capsular
#18
Stephen Brealey, Alison L Armstrong, Andrew Brooksbank, Andrew Jonathan Carr, Charalambos P Charalambous, Cushla Cooper, Belen Corbacho, Joseph Dias, Iona Donnelly, Lorna Goodchild, Catherine Hewitt, Ada Keding, Lucksy Kottam, Sarah E Lamb, Catriona McDaid, Matthew Northgraves, Gerry Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Sarwat Shah, Emma Sharp, Sally Spencer, David Torgerson, Francine Toye, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder (also known as adhesive capsulitis) occurs when the capsule, or the soft tissue envelope around the ball and socket shoulder joint, becomes scarred and contracted, making the shoulder tight, painful and stiff. It affects around 1 in 12 men and 1 in 10 women of working age. Although this condition can settle with time (typically taking 1 to 3 years), for some people it causes severe symptoms and needs referral to hospital. Our aim is to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of two invasive and costly surgical interventions that are commonly used in secondary care in the National Health Service (NHS) compared with a non-surgical comparator of Early Structured Physiotherapy...
December 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249954/an-extended-passive-motion-paradigm-for-human-like-posture-and-movement-planning-in-redundant-manipulators
#19
Paolo Tommasino, Domenico Campolo
A major challenge in robotics and computational neuroscience is relative to the posture/movement problem in presence of kinematic redundancy. We recently addressed this issue using a principled approach which, in conjunction with nonlinear inverse optimization, allowed capturing postural strategies such as Donders' law. In this work, after presenting this general model specifying it as an extension of the Passive Motion Paradigm, we show how, once fitted to capture experimental postural strategies, the model is actually able to also predict movements...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248462/fibroblasts-promote-inflammation-and-pain-via-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induction-of-the-monocyte-chemoattractant-ccl2
#20
Hannah Louise Paish, Nicolas Stewart Kalson, Graham Robert Smith, Alicia Del Carpio Pons, Thomas Edward Baldock, Nicholas Smith, Katarzyna Swist-Szulik, David John Weir, Michelle Bardgett, David John Deehan, Derek Austin Mann, Lee Anthony Borthwick
Fibroblasts persist within fibrotic scar tissue and exhibit considerable phenotypic and functional plasticity. Here, we hypothesized that scar-associated fibroblasts may be a source of stress-induced inflammatory exacerbations and pain. To test this idea we used a human model of surgery-induced fibrosis, total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using a combination of tissue protein expression profiling and bioinformatics we discovered that many months following TKA the fibrotic joint exists in a state of unresolved chronic inflammation...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
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