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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821191/nutritional-management-of-hyperapob
#1
Valérie Lamantia, Allan Sniderman, May Faraj
Plasma apoB is a more accurate marker of the risk of CVD and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than LDL-cholesterol; however, nutritional reviews targeting apoB are scarce. Here we reviewed eighty-seven nutritional studies and present conclusions in order of strength of evidence. Plasma apoB was reduced in all studies that induced weight loss of 6-12 % using hypoenergetic diets (seven studies; 5440-7110 kJ/d; 1300-1700 kcal/d; 34-50 % carbohydrates; 27-39 % fat; 18-24 % protein). When macronutrients were compared in isoenergetic diets (eleven studies including eight randomised controlled trials (RCT); n 1189), the diets that reduced plasma apoB were composed of 26-51 % carbohydrates, 26-46 % fat, 11-32 % protein, 10-27 % MUFA, 5-14 % PUFA and 7-13 % SFA...
November 8, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757935/impact-of-salt-intake-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-hypertension
#2
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#3
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643264/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#4
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604345/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-a-dash-style-diet-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-chinese-individuals
#5
Guoyin Bai, Ji Zhang, Chongsi Zhao, Yan Wang, Yanmin Qi, Bing Zhang
Several modifiable risk factors have been shown to lower blood pressure, but little is known about their combined risk in Chinese individuals. In this prospective cohort study, we followed 2751 subjects aged 18-60 years in the China Health and Nutrition Survey who were free of diagnosed hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes or cancer at baseline in 2000. The associations between each of the risk factors and the risk of developing incident hypertension were analyzed by gender. The three low-risk factors for hypertension were a body mass index (BMI) between 18...
September 8, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569683/healthful-dietary-patterns-and-long-term-weight-change-among-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
D K Tobias, C Zhang, J Chavarro, S Olsen, W Bao, A A Bjerregaard, T T Fung, J E Manson, F B Hu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Diet represents a key strategy for the prevention of obesity and type 2 diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), although effective dietary patterns to prevent weight gain in the long term are largely unknown. We sought to evaluate whether improvement in overall diet quality is associated with less long-term weight gain among high-risk women with prior GDM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women with a history of GDM (N=3397) were followed from 1991 to 2011, or until diagnosis of type 2 diabetes or other chronic disease...
November 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519166/dash-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-and-risk-of-subsequent-kidney-disease
#7
Casey M Rebholz, Deidra C Crews, Morgan E Grams, Lyn M Steffen, Andrew S Levey, Edgar R Miller, Lawrence J Appel, Josef Coresh
BACKGROUND: There are established guidelines for recommended dietary intake for hypertension treatment and cardiovascular disease prevention. Evidence is lacking for effective dietary patterns for kidney disease prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study participants with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60mL/min/1.73m(2) (N=14,882). PREDICTOR: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet score was calculated based on self-reported dietary intake of red and processed meat, sweetened beverages, sodium, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes, and low-fat dairy products, averaged over 2 visits...
December 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456104/the-mediterranean-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-secondary-cardiovascular
#8
Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Venetia Notara, Matina Kouvari, Christos Pitsavos
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death and disability worldwide, with increased hospital discharge rates, causing a serious public health issue and an economic burden. Recent demographic transitions, including ageing of the population, low fertility, urbanization and shift towards unhealthy behaviours have resulted in an increase in the prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders (i.e. hypertension, obesity, diabetes). According to the reports of international organisations, a substantial number of heart attacks could have been prevented through lifestyle modifications (i...
July 22, 2016: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391484/effect-of-glycemic-index-and-carbohydrate-intake-on-kidney-function-in-healthy-adults
#9
Stephen P Juraschek, Alex R Chang, Lawrence J Appel, Cheryl A M Anderson, Deidra C Crews, Letitia Thomas, Jeanne Charleston, Edgar R Miller
BACKGROUND: Replacing carbohydrate with protein acutely increases glomerular filtration rate (GFR) but is associated with faster, long-term kidney disease progression. The effects of carbohydrate type (i.e. glycemic index, GI) on kidney function are unknown. METHODS: We conducted an ancillary study of a randomized, crossover feeding trial in overweight/obese adults without diabetes or kidney disease (N = 163). Participants were fed each of four healthy, DASH-like diets for 5 weeks, separated by 2-week washout periods...
July 8, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234460/polyunsaturated-fats-carbohydrates-and-carotid-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-carotid-mri-study
#10
Jennifer L Dearborn, Ye Qiao, Eliseo Guallar, Lyn M Steffen, Rebecca F Gottesman, Yiyi Zhang, Bruce A Wasserman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carbohydrates and fat intake have both been linked to development of atherosclerosis. We examined associations between glycemic index (GI) and fat intake with carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort enrolled participants during the period 1987-1989 and the Carotid MRI sub-study occurred between 2004 and 2006 (1672 participants attending both visits). Measures of carbohydrate quality (usual GI), fat intake (total, polyunsaturated and saturated) and overall dietary quality index (DASH Diet Score) were derived from a 66-item food frequency questionnaire administered at baseline...
August 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189908/adherence-to-the-dash-and-mediterranean-diets-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Vajihe Izadi, Hatav Tehrani, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Atefeh Dehghan, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the association between adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) or Mediterranean (MED) diets and prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the two diets and GDM. METHODS: In a case-control hospital-based study, pregnant women with (n = 200) and without (n = 260) GMD were recruited. An average of three 24-h dietary records were used to assess participants' dietary intakes...
October 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088010/beneficial-effects-of-dietary-nitrate-on-endothelial-function-and-blood-pressure-levels
#12
REVIEW
Jenifer d'El-Rei, Ana Rosa Cunha, Michelle Trindade, Mario Fritsch Neves
Poor eating habits may represent cardiovascular risk factors since high intake of fat and saturated fatty acids contributes to dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Thus, nutritional interventions are recognized as important strategies for primary prevention of hypertension and as adjuvants to pharmacological therapies to reduce cardiovascular risk. The DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) plan is one of the most effective strategies for the prevention and nonpharmacological management of hypertension...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940115/multiple-healthful-dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#13
Elizabeth M Cespedes, Frank B Hu, Lesley Tinker, Bernard Rosner, Susan Redline, Lorena Garcia, Melanie Hingle, Linda Van Horn, Barbara V Howard, Emily B Levitan, Wenjun Li, JoAnn E Manson, Lawrence S Phillips, Jinnie J Rhee, Molly E Waring, Marian L Neuhouser
The relationship between various diet quality indices and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unsettled. We compared associations of 4 diet quality indices--the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Index, Healthy Eating Index 2010, Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Index--with reported T2D in the Women's Health Initiative, overall, by race/ethnicity, and with/without adjustment for overweight/obesity at enrollment (a potential mediator). This cohort (n = 101,504) included postmenopausal women without T2D who completed a baseline food frequency questionnaire from which the 4 diet quality index scores were derived...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26770987/nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Claudia P Oliveira, Priscila de Lima Sanches, Erlon Oliveira de Abreu-Silva, Aline Marcadenti
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide and it is associated with other medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. The mechanisms of the underlying disease development and progression are not completely established and there is no consensus concerning the pharmacological treatment. In the gold standard treatment for NAFLD weight loss, dietary therapy, and physical activity are included. However, little scientific evidence is available on diet and/or physical activity and NAFLD specifically...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460146/increased-intestinal-p-glycoprotein-expression-and-activity-with-progression-of-diabetes-and-its-modulation-by-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-evidence-from-pharmacokinetic-studies
#15
Ranjeet Prasad Dash, Bhanuchander Ellendula, Milee Agarwal, Manish Nivsarkar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in the expression and the activity of intestinal P-glycoprotein (efflux transporter) with progression of diabetes in rats. Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats using a combination of low dose streptozotocin along with high fat diet. The expression of intestinal P-glycoprotein significantly increased (P≤0.05) with the progression of diabetes which was inferred from the mRNA analysis of mdr1a and mdr1b genes in the ileum segment of rat intestine. Furthermore, a significant increase (P≤0...
November 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321012/a-dietary-intervention-in-urban-african-americans-results-of-the-five-plus-nuts-and-beans-randomized-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Edgar R Miller, Lisa A Cooper, Kathryn A Carson, Nae-Yuh Wang, Lawrence J Appel, Debra Gayles, Jeanne Charleston, Karen White, Na You, Yingjie Weng, Michelle Martin-Daniels, Barbara Bates-Hopkins, Inez Robb, Whitney K Franz, Emily L Brown, Jennifer P Halbert, Michael C Albert, Arlene T Dalcin, Hsin-Chieh Yeh
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy diets, often low in potassium, likely contribute to racial disparities in blood pressure. We tested the effectiveness of providing weekly dietary advice, assistance with selection of higher potassium grocery items, and a $30 per week food allowance on blood pressure and other outcomes in African American adults with hypertension. DESIGN: We conducted an 8-week RCT with two parallel arms between May 2012 and November 2013. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: We randomized 123 African Americans with controlled hypertension from an urban primary care clinic in Baltimore, Maryland, and implemented the trial in partnership with a community supermarket and the Baltimore City Health Department...
January 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259122/concordance-with-dash-diet-and-blood-pressure-change-results-from-the-framingham-offspring-study-1991-2008
#17
Jieying Jiang, Mengling Liu, Lisa M Troy, Sripal Bangalore, Richard B Hayes, Niyati Parekh
BACKGROUND: Concordance with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in short-term intervention studies, but long-term effects are unclear. We evaluated the association of DASH diet concordance with BP trajectories and incidence of hypertension, in 2187 men and women (mean age 52.5 years at baseline) participating in the Framingham Offspring cohort. METHOD: Diet and BP were assessed from 1991 to 2008, with a median follow-up time of 13...
November 2015: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26117165/preeclampsia-and-future-cardiovascular-disease-in-women-how-good-are-the-data-and-how-can-we-manage-our-patients
#18
REVIEW
Ellen W Seely, Eleni Tsigas, Janet W Rich-Edwards
Women with a history of preeclampsia have double the risk of future heart disease and stroke, and elevated risks of hypertension and diabetes. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology now include preeclampsia as a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease (CVD) with the recommendation of obtaining a history of preeclampsia and improving lifestyle behaviors for women with such a history. Research has progressed from asking whether preeclampsia is associated with CVD to how preeclampsia is associated with CVD, and the implications for prevention of CVD among women with a history of preeclampsia...
June 2015: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088003/association-between-dietary-pattern-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-adults-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region-a-systematic-review
#19
Najlaa Aljefree, Faruk Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the evidence related to the association of dietary pattern with coronary heart disease (CHD), strokes, and the associated risk factors among adults in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. METHODS: A systematic review of published articles between January 1990 and March 2015 was conducted using Pro-Quest Public Health, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar. The term 'dietary pattern' refers to data derived from dietary pattern analyses and individual food component analyses...
2015: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26041459/effects-of-the-dash-diet-and-walking-on-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-uncontrolled-hypertension-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tatiana P Paula, Luciana V Viana, Alessandra T Z Neto, Cristiane B Leitão, Jorge L Gross, Mirela J Azevedo
Data on the potential beneficial effects of combining diet and exercise on blood pressure (BP) are still scarce. A 4-week randomized controlled clinical trial was undertaken in 40 hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes with uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in office and daytime ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Patients were assigned to follow a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet associated with advice to increase walking using a pedometer (intervention group) or a diet based on the American Diabetes Association recommendations (control group)...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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