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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229691/opinion-and-special-articles-neurology-education-at-us-osteopathic-medical-schools
#1
Daniel A Freedman, Dara V F Albert
Osteopathic medical schools have a longstanding tradition of training primary care physicians (PCP). Neurologic symptoms are common in the PCP's office and there is an undersupply of neurologists in the United States. It is therefore crucial for osteopathic medical students to have a strong foundation in clinical neurology. Despite the importance, a mere 6% of osteopathic medical schools have required neurology clerkships. Furthermore, exposure to neurology in medical school through required clerkships has been correlated with matching into neurology residency...
December 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229057/functional-limitations-in-adults-who-utilize-chiropractic-or-osteopathic-manipulation-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#2
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227505/neurobiology-of-sexual-assault-and-osteopathic-considerations-for-trauma-informed-care-and-practice
#3
Kristen M Cuevas, Jane Balbo, Krista Duval, Elizabeth A Beverly
Sexual assault is a traumatic event with potentially devastating lifelong effects on physical and emotional health. Sexual assault is associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, and reproductive symptoms, as well as obesity, diabetes, and chronic pain. With 1 in 3 women and 1 in 6 men experiencing some form of unwanted sexual violence in their lifetime, sexual assault is a significant public health problem that necessitates attention in the medical community. This review discusses relevant literature on the neurobiologic changes that occur as a consequence of sexual assault, such as how the brain responds during a traumatic experience and the impact of trauma on memory...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217434/upper-limb-ischemia-by-subclavian-artery-dissection-after-osteopathic-manipulation
#4
Carine Boulon, Alexandre Maillet, Pierre Salaun, Sophie Skopinski, Joël Constans
We report the case of a young woman who experienced ischemia of upper limb after osteopathic manipulation. Duplex and CT scan showed wall hematoma of the ostium of subclavian artery. The patient spontaneously recovered so that no surgery was necessary. Dissection of vertebral and carotid arteries has been reported after osteopathic manipulations. We report ischaemia of upper limb secondary to dissection of subclavian artery. Arterial dissections associated with manipulation should be recorded in a register in order to assess more carefully the vascular risk that this method carries...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214014/influence-of-perceived-difficulty-of-cases-on-student-osteopaths-diagnostic-reasoning-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Aurelien L Noyer, Jorge E Esteves, Oliver P Thomson
Background: Diagnostic reasoning refers to the cognitive processes by which clinicians formulate diagnoses. Despite the implications for patient safety and professional identity, research on diagnostic reasoning in osteopathy remains largely theoretical. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perceived task difficulty on the diagnostic reasoning of students osteopaths. Methods: Using a single-blinded, cross sectional study design, sixteen final year pre-registration osteopathy students diagnosed two standardized cases under two context conditions (complex versus control)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202144/best-uses-of-osteopathic-manipulation
#6
Andrew H Slattengren, Tanner Nissly, Jodi Blustin, Andrew Bader, Erin Westfall
With the growing number of DOs and the high utilization of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), it is important for all physicians to understand the role OMT can play in the treatment of conditions ranging from low back pain to irritable bowel syndrome so that patients may be offered, or referred for, the treatment when appropriate.
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181521/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-the-management-of-adjacent-segment-pathology
#7
Drew D Lewis, Garth K Summers
Adjacent segment pathology is an adverse effect of spinal fusion that precipitates accelerated spinal degenerative changes at vertebral segments contiguous with the fused vertebrae. The accelerated degeneration related to ASP can be challenging to manage, as it can lead to conditions such as radiculopathy and can create the need for reoperation. In the present case, a 50-year-old woman with a previous spinal fusion presented with a 1-year history of progressive low back pain, lumbar radiculopathy, and sciatica...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181520/predictors-of-osteopathic-medical-students-readiness-to-use-health-information-technology
#8
Robin J Jacobs, Hassan Iqbal, Arif M Rana, Zaid Rana, Michael N Kane
Context: The advent of health information technology (HIT) tools can affect the practice of modern medicine in many ways, ideally by improving quality of care and efficiency and reducing medical errors. Future physicians will play a key role in the successful implementation of HIT. However, osteopathic medical students' willingness to learn, adopt, and use technology in a health care setting is not well understood. Objective: To understand osteopathic medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIT and to identify factors that may be related to their readiness to use HIT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180562/the-single-graduate-medical-education-gme-accreditation-system-will-change-the-future-of-the-family-medicine-workforce
#9
Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill, Aimee R Eden, James C Puffer
BACKGROUND: Due to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)/American Osteopathic Association (AOA) single-accreditation model, the specialty of family medicine may see as many as 150 programs and 500 trainees in AOA-accredited programs seek ACGME accreditation. This analysis serves to better understand the composition of physicians completing family medicine residency training and their subsequent certification by the American Board of Family Medicine. METHODS: We identified residents who completed an ACGME-accredited or dual-accredited family medicine residency program between 2006 and 2016 and cross-tabulated the data by graduation year and by educational background (US Medical Graduate-MD [USMG-MD], USMG-DO, or International Medical Graduate-MD [IMG-MD]) to examine the cohort composition trend over time...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178370/use-and-perceptions-of-plastination-among-medical-anatomy-educators-in-the-united-states
#10
R Klaus, D Royer, M E Stabio
Traditionally, medical schools have maintained collections of tissues/organs to engage students in anatomy. Such collections are often stored in volatile and toxic preservatives. Plastination is an alternative tissue preservation technique in which polymers replace water and lipids resulting in benign, dry, and anatomically authentic specimens. Plastination is used in medical education internationally; however, its use within U.S. medical schools is not widely discussed in the anatomical literature. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, use, and perceptions of plastination as a teaching tool among U...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154070/complementary-and-alternative-therapies-in-dentistry-and-characteristics-of-dentists-who-recommend-them
#11
Beatrice Baatsch, Stefan Zimmer, Daniela Rodrigues Recchia, Arndt Büssing
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyse whether dentists offer or recommend complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remedies in their clinical routine, and how effective these are rated by proponents and opponents. A second aim of this study was to give a profile of the dentists endorsing CAM. DESIGN: A prospective, explorative, anonymised cross-sectional survey was spread among practicing dentists in Germany via congresses, dental periodicals and online (n=250, 55% male, 45% female; mean age 49...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#12
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135458/immediate-effects-of-osteopathic-treatment-versus-therapeutic-exercise-on-patients-with-chronic-cervical-pain
#13
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Lars L Andersen, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
Context • Alternatives to medication for immediate pain relief are needed because long-term use of pain medication has been associated with adverse effects. High-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation techniques (MTs) and craniocervical flexion (CCF) exercises have been frequently used in the management of chronic cervical pain. Objective • The study intended to compare the immediate effects on pain of a treatment using HVLA manipulation versus one using a CCF exercise protocol. Design • The research team designed a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122261/evaluation-of-new-zealand-osteopathy-patients-experiences-of-their-treatment
#14
Rochelle Judkins, Brett Vaughan, Jane Mulcahy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of patients seeking osteopathy treatment in New Zealand; and to describe their perceptions of osteopathic treatment. DESIGN: Survey-based research design. SETTING: Private osteopathy practices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic survey and the Patient Perception Measure-Osteopathy (PPM-O). RESULTS: Twelve osteopaths were recruited as practitioners. Responses from 107 patients were analysed...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117281/defining-osteopathic-continuing-medical-education
#15
Brian Loveless
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#16
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101775/outpatient-satisfaction-with-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-a-hospital-center-a-survey
#17
Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Marco Petracca, Angela Gaeta, Federica Tamburella, Maurice Audouard, Carlo Caltagirone
Context • Although osteopathy is not yet certified as a health profession in Italy, many people choose osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for pain relief. Nevertheless, no study evaluating patients' degree of satisfaction after OMT and the perceived quality of the treatment has occurred in Italy. Objectives • The study intended to assess outpatients' satisfaction with OMT carried out at a hospital. Design • The research team conducted a survey from January 2015 to January 2016 using 3 questionnaires...
October 28, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095914/correction-does-visceral-osteopathic-treatment-accelerate-meconium-passage-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Nadja Haiden, Birgit Pimpel, Alexandra Kreissl, Bernd Jilma, Angelika Berger
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123530.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084328/effects-of-group-fitness-classes-on-stress-and-quality-of-life-of-medical-students
#19
Dayna M Yorks, Christopher A Frothingham, Mark D Schuenke
Context: Medical school can produce intense psychological distress in its students; however, there is a paucity of research exploring potential means of improving medical students' well-being. Objective: To investigate the relationship between physical exercise and stress and quality of life (QOL) in a medical student population. Methods: This nonrandomized, controlled, 12-week study used a survey research design. First- and second-year osteopathic medical students at the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine were recruited to participate in 1 of 3 groups: (1) students participating in 30-minute CXWORX (Les Mills International LTD) group fitness classes; (2) students exercising alone or with up to 2 additional partners regularly (eg, running, weight lifting), henceforth called the health-enhancement group; and (3) students in a control group who did not engage in regular exercise...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084324/entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency-establishing-common-osteopathic-performance-standards-in-the-transition-from-medical-school-to-residency
#20
Pamela M Basehore, Luke H Mortensen, Emmanuel Katsaros, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Elizabeth K McClain, Patricia S Sexton, Nicole Wadsworth
Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are measurable units of observable professional practice that can be entrusted to an unsupervised trainee. They were first introduced as a method of operationalizing competency-based medical education in graduate medical education. The American Association of Medical Colleges subsequently used EPAs to establish the core skills that medical students must be able to perform before they enter residency training. A recently published guide provides descriptions, guidelines, and rationale for implementing and assessing the core EPAs from an osteopathic approach...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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