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Intrauterine device

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523313/correlation-of-clinical-and-biological-evidence-a-dominant-therapeutic-element-of-succeeding-in-ectopic-pregnancy
#1
Simona Daniela NeamŢu, Damian DiŢescu, Maria ForŢofoiu, Liliana Stanca, Cristian Tigae, Mihaela Niculescu, Cristian Ovidiu NeamŢu, Maria Magdalena Manolea, Mirela Anişoara Siminel, Leontina Eugenia Şurtea, Adela Valeria NeamŢu, Marius Bogdan Novac, Liviu Vasile, Adrian Gluhovschi
Tubal pathology, smoking, pelvic inflammatory disease, miscarriage, medical or surgical abortion, usage of intrauterine devices (IUDs) for women with salpingitis latent injuries, older than 40 years, are risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. The objective of this study concerns the correlation of the clinical and biological evidence for the early diagnosis of the ectopic pregnancy and, as soon as possible, for the estimation for eventual risk of complications that may appear. The transvaginal ultrasound test, minimal increases in serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) dynamics and blood counts are investigations of choice in achieving our objective...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503818/lidocaine-for-pain-control-during-intrauterine-device-insertion
#2
Yetkin Karasu, Duygu Kavak Cömert, Burak Karadağ, Yusuf Ergün
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of topical lidocaine spray, cream and injection on pain perception during intrauterine device (IUD) insertion. METHODS: Multiparous women of reproductive age were randomized into control, lidocaine cream, spray and injection groups. A 10 cm visual analog scale was used for all patients to evaluate pain during the three steps of the IUD insertion procedure. Baseline pain assessment was made immediately after the administration of analgesics, the second pain assessment was performed immediately after use of the tenaculum, and the third pain assessment was performed after IUD insertion...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503774/effect-of-the-injectable-contraceptive-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-on-coagulation-parameters-in-new-users
#3
Vaneska Melhado-Kimura, Joyce Maria Annichino Bizzacchi, Susan Kelly Picoli Quaino, Silmara Montalvao, Luis Bahamondes, Arlete Fernandes
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the injectable depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraceptive on selected blood coagulation parameters in young, healthy new users. METHODS: The prospective study included 39 healthy women aged 20-39 years, with a body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2) ) < 30, who were never users of DMPA, and who opted to use DMPA (21 women) or a copper intrauterine device (IUD; 18 women). The women in the two groups were matched for age (±1 year) and BMI (±1)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499527/contraception-menarche-to-menopause
#4
REVIEW
Erin E Tracy
Contraception services should be part of routine health care maintenance in reproductive-aged women, especially in light of the fact that approximately 50% of pregnancies in the United States remain unplanned. Barrier methods, especially condoms, may play a role in sexually transmitted disease prevention but are less efficacious for pregnancy avoidance. There are several available hormonal contraceptive options, including the combination hormonal pill, progestin-only pill, combination hormonal patches and rings, injectable progestins, implantable progestins, intrauterine devices (copper or progestin), and permanent sterilization...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486357/inpatient-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-and-sterilization-in-the-united-states-2008-2013
#5
Michelle H Moniz, Tammy Chang, Michele Heisler, Lindsay Admon, Acham Gebremariam, Vanessa K Dalton, Matthew M Davis
OBJECTIVE: To measure rates of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), including intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants, and tubal sterilization during delivery hospitalizations and correlates of their use. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the 2008-2013 National Inpatient Sample, a publicly available all-payer database. We identified delivery hospitalizations with the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes for intrauterine device insertion, contraceptive implant insertion, and tubal sterilization...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480250/an-uncommon-site-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-colonization-leading-to-recurrent-pneumococcal-disease
#6
Parham Sendi, Eva Maria Moser Schaub, Konstantinos Nirgianakis, Lucy J Hathaway, Pascal Bittel, David Goldblatt, Sven Streit
This report describes a case of relapsing pneumococcal peritonitis. The postulated source of infection was vaginal colonization and secondary adherence of pneumococci to an intrauterine contraceptive device. After immunization with a conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, her antibody levels were observed. She remained infection free at the 2-year follow-up investigation.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472893/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-irregular-menstrual-cycles-in-korean-women-the-5th-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-v-2010-2012
#7
Eun-Kyung Jung, Seok-Won Kim, Sun-Myeong Ock, Kyu-In Jung, Chan-Hee Song
INTRODUCTION: There have been few population-based studies reporting medical, lifestyle and psychological factors associated with irregular menstrual cycles. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence and related factors of irregular menstrual cycles in Korean women. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. Eligible women were 19-40 years old, not currently taking oral contraceptives or using intrauterine devices, and not currently pregnant or breast feeding, and had no medical history of hysterectomy, thyroid diseases, cancers or renal failure...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472580/gps-perspectives-on-prescribing-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices
#8
Gabrielle Lodge, Lena Sanci, Meredith J Temple-Smith
BACKGROUND: Globally, 14% of women use intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) for prevention of unplanned pregnancy. In Australia, the use of IUCDs is negligible at METHODS: GPs participated in qualitative interviews in February-May 2016, exploring their knowledge, attitudes and practice around IUCDs. Data were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Overall, 17 GPs were interviewed. They identified key barriers to prescription of IUCDs as misconceptions brought to the consultation, lack of current GP inserters, and issues in referral of patients for insertion...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466646/ultrasound-guided-transvaginal-thrombin-injection-of-uterine-arteries-pseudoaneurysms
#9
Cristina Ros, Daniel Barnes, Anna Fervienza, Gabriella Oses, Juan Luis Alcázar, Sergio Martínez-Román, Àngels Rovirosa, Francisco Carmona, Fernando Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of transvaginal ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) to treat uterine artery pseudoaneurysms (UAP) as an alternative to emergency arterial embolization. METHODS: Two women presenting with heavy vaginal bleeding were diagnosed with UAP by pelvic CT scan. After UAP identification by transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS), 2 cc of thrombin (Tissucol(®), Baxter Healthcare Corporation. Munich, Germany) were slowly injected into the UAP using a 30 cm long 22-gauge needle through a needle-guide attached to the vaginal probe...
May 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463028/different-analgesics-prior-to-intrauterine-device-insertion-is-there-any-evidence-of-efficacy
#10
Nabih I Elkhouly, Mohammad Ahmed Maher
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare three different interventions to reduce pain related to insertion of the intrauterine device (IUD), namely, lidocaine, misoprostol and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, against a placebo, and to assess the advantages of one drug over another, if any. METHODS: This was an open-label randomised placebo-controlled trial of 200 women assigned to receive one of the following medications prior to IUD insertion: 10 ml 1% lidocaine paracervical block, 400 μg oral misoprostol, oral naproxen or placebo tablets...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461175/in-office-hysteroscopic-extraction-of-intrauterine-devices-in-pregnant-patients-who-underwent-prior-ultrasound-guided-extraction-failure
#11
Shlomo B Cohen, Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Eyal Schiff, Motti Goldenberg, Roy Maschiach
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine an effective method of intrauterine device (IUD) retrieval from pregnant women who had previous unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction failure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian task force classification II-1) SETTING: Gynecology department of an outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: Pregnant patients in their first trimester with IUD in situ who underwent prior unsuccessful ultrasound-guided IUD extraction...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458581/insertion-of-intrauterine-devices-after-cesarean-section-a-systematic-review-update
#12
REVIEW
Norman D Goldstuck, Petrus S Steyn
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo a cesarean section (CS) are in a unique position to receive the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). They may also want to use the IUD as a long-acting reversible contraceptive method provided the IUD is safe and effective in the presence of a CS scar. SEARCH STRATEGY: We researched and reviewed the MEDLINE, POPLINE, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases from January 1968 to June 2015. SELECTION CRITERIA: Eligible studies reported event rates or practical problems relating to IUD usage in post-placental or interval insertion (>90 days) after CS...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457741/commissioning-of-applicator-guided-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-boost-with-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-advanced-cervical-cancer-using-radiochromic-film-dosimetry
#13
Saad Aldelaijan, Shada Wadi-Ramahi, Ahmad Nobah, Belal Moftah, Slobodan Devic, Noha Jastaniyah
PURPOSE: To describe an EBT3 GAFCHROMIC film-based dosimetry method to be used in commissioning of a combined HDR brachytherapy (HDRB) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) boost for treatment of advanced cervical cancer involving extensive residual disease after external beam treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A cube phantom was designed to firmly fit an intrauterine tandem applicator and EBT3 radiochromic film pieces. A high-risk clinical target volume (CTVHR, Total) was contoured with an extended arm at one side...
April 27, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#14
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444812/a-survey-on-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-among-radiographers-with-frequent-mri-exposure-using-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices
#15
A Huss, K Schaap, H Kromhout
PURPOSE: Based on a previous case report of menometrorrhagia (prolonged/excessive uterine bleeding, occurring at irregular and/or frequent intervals) in MRI workers with intrauterine devices (IUDs), it was evaluated whether this association could be confirmed. METHODS: A survey was performed among 381 female radiographers registered with their national association. Logistic regression was used to analyze associations of abnormal uterine bleeding with the frequency of working with MRI scanners, presence near the scanner/in the scanner room during image acquisition, and with scanner strength or type...
April 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439806/a-case-of-symptom-relapse-post-placement-of-intrauterine-device-iud-in-a-patient-with-bulimia-nervosa-consequence-or-coincidence
#16
Brad A Mac Neil, Chloe C Hudson, Kathleen Dempsey, Pallavi Nadkarni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434752/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-health-resolution-of-purulent-vaginal-discharge-and-reproductive-performance-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#17
João G N Moraes, Paula R B Silva, Luís G D Mendonça, Alexandre A Scanavez, Joseane C C Silva, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to evaluate the effects of intrauterine infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) on intrauterine cell population, resolution of PVD, uterine health, and reproductive performance. Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined using the Metricheck device to diagnose PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was defined as the presence of purulent (≥50% pus) discharge detectable in the vagina...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434729/effects-of-intrauterine-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-on-uterine-mrna-gene-expression-and-peripheral-polymorphonuclear-leukocytes-in-jersey-cows-diagnosed-with-purulent-vaginal-discharge
#18
João G N Moraes, Luís G D Mendonça, Paula R B Silva, Alexandre A Scanavez, Klibs N Galvão, Michael A Ballou, Milli Worku, Ricardo C Chebel
The objectives of the current experiment were to investigate the effects of intrauterine treatment of cows with purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli on uterine mRNA expression of genes related to inflammatory responses, peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function, hematological parameters, and blood concentrations of cortisol, haptoglobin, and progesterone (P4). Jersey cows (n = 3,084) were examined for PVD at 35 ± 6 d postpartum using the Metricheck device (Simcro, Hamilton, New Zealand)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427775/nonoperative-management-of-atypical-endometrial-hyperplasia-and-grade-1-endometrial-cancer-with-the-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-device-in-medically-ill-post-menopausal-women
#19
William D Baker, Stuart R Pierce, Anne M Mills, Paola A Gehrig, Linda R Duska
OBJECTIVE: To assess the endometrial response rates to treatment with the levonorgestrel intrauterine device in post-menopausal women with atypical hyperplasia/endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia and grade 1 endometrioid (AH/EC) endometrial carcinoma who are not surgical candidates. METHODS: Chart review was undertaken of patients with AH/EC who underwent levonorgestrel intrauterine device insertion by a gynecologic oncologist within two academic health systems between 2002 and 2013...
April 18, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423456/progesterone-resistance-in-endometriosis-origins-consequences-and-interventions
#20
Bansari G Patel, Martin Rudnicki, Jie Yu, Yimin Shu, Robert N Taylor
Endometriosis is a common cause of pelvic pain and affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age. Aberrant progesterone signaling in the endometrium plays a significant role in impaired decidualization and establishment of ectopic endometrial implants. Eutopic endometrial cells from women with endometriosis fail to downregulate genes needed for decidualization, such as those involved in cell cycle regulation, leading to unbridled proliferation. Several causes of progesterone resistance in the endometrium have been postulated, including congenital "preconditioning", whereby the in utero environment renders infants susceptible to neonatal uterine bleeding and endometriosis...
April 19, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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