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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712596/factors-associated-with-contraceptive-method-choice-and-initiation-in-adolescents-and-young-women
#1
Rebecca Cohen, Jeanelle Sheeder, Meghan Kane, Stephanie B Teal
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with uptake of contraceptive implants or intrauterine devices (IUDs) by adolescents and young women. METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, we recruited English-speaking female contraceptive initiators aged 14-24 years attending a Title X-supported, youth-focused clinic. Immediately prior to their visits, participants completed surveys assessing demographic and reproductive characteristics and awareness of, interest in, and intent to initiate specific contraceptive methods...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707101/the-use-of-acog-guidelines-perceived-contraindications-to-iud-and-implant-use-among-family-planning-providers
#2
Ash E Philliber, Heather Hirsch, Claire D Brindis, Rita Turner, Susan Philliber
Objectives The uptake and actual use of the current guidelines from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) is unknown. Methods Family planning providers across Colorado and Iowa were surveyed as part of statewide initiatives to reduce unintended pregnancy in 2010 and 2012, both before and after the release of the guidelines. These initiatives focused on the promotion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. These surveys included questions on providers' views regarding the suitability and safety of the copper T IUD, hormonal IUD, and single rod implant for various subgroups of clients...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698465/progestin-intrauterine-devices-and-metformin-endometrial-hyperplasia-and-early-stage-endometrial-cancer-medical-management
#3
Oroma Nwanodi
Globally, endometrial cancer is the sixth leading cause of female cancer-related deaths. Non-atypical endometrial hyperplasia (EH), has a lifetime progression rate to endometrial cancer ranging from less than 5%, if simple without atypia, to 40%, if complex with atypia. Site specific, long-acting intrauterine devices (IUDs) provide fertility sparing, progestin-based EH medical management. It is unclear which IUD is most beneficial, or if progesterone sensitizing metformin offers improved outcomes. For resolution, PubMed searches for "Mirena" or "Metformin," "treatment," "endometrial hyperplasia," or "stage 1 endometrial cancer," were performed, yielding 33 articles...
July 8, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697589/postpartum-family-planning-missed-opportunities-across-the-continuum-of-care
#4
K T Navodani, P Fonseka, C S Goonewardena
Introduction: Postpartum family planning is defined as the prevention of unintended pregnancies and closely spaced pregnancies during the first 12 months following childbirth. Objectives: To assess the practice of family planning (FP) by postpartum mothers in the Regional Director of Health Services (RDHS) division, Kalutara, Sri Lanka. Methods: A community-based, descriptive, cross sectional study was carried out among mothers, 8 to 12 weeks postpartum, in the RDHS division, Kalutara in 2014...
June 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696796/lng-ius-12-a-19-5-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-for-prevention-of-pregnancy-for-up-to-five-years
#5
Anita L Nelson
Globally, intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the second most commonly used form of reversible contraception because of their high efficacy, safety, convenience and cost effectiveness. The levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system with daily average release of 20 mcg (LNG-IUS 20) is the popular choice because of its favorable bleeding patterns and many noncontraceptive benefits. A three year (LNG-IUS 8) became available three years ago. More recently, the LNG-IUS 12 was added. This new IUD shares a smaller frame, narrow inserter and lower rate of amenorrhea with the LNG-IUS 8, but it offers the five years of contraceptive protection of the LNG-IUS 20...
July 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696201/sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-among-teenagers-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#6
Joyce C Abma, Gladys M Martinez
Objective-This report presents national estimates of sexual activity and contraceptive use among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2011-2015, based on data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). For selected indicators, data are also presented from the 1988, 1995, 2002, and 2006-2010 NSFGs, and from the 1988 and 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males, which was conducted by the Urban Institute. Methods-NSFG data were collected through in-person interviews with nationally representative samples of men and women aged 15-44 in the household population of the United States...
June 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692181/time-to-test-tamponade
#7
G J Hofmeyr
The general surgical principle of applying direct pressure at the site of haemorrhage has been applied in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) by means of an assortment of inflatable devices introduced into the uterine cavity. Over the last 23 years several reports and reviews in the BJOG and elsewhere have documented the apparent effectiveness of uterine balloon tamponade (UBT) for treatment of PPH. A large study in 2016 reported a success rate after vaginal delivery of 89% (152/171) and concluded that intrauterine balloon tamponade is an effective method for treating severe PPH...
July 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684963/pelvic-actinomycosis
#8
REVIEW
Alejandra García-García, Ninfa Ramírez-Durán, Horacio Sandoval-Trujillo, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa
INTRODUCTION: Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces, Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria. Its symptomatology imitates some malignant pelvic tumours, tuberculosis, or nocardiosis, causing abscesses and fistulas. Actinomycoses are opportunistic infections and require normal mucous barriers to be altered. No epidemiological studies have been conducted to determine prevalence or incidence of such infections. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical cases of pelvic actinomycosis reported worldwide, to update the information about the disease...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682221/factors-related-to-unwanted-pregnancies-and-abortion-in-the-northern-district-of-the-city-of-tehran-iran
#9
Masoumeh Mirzamoradi, Masoumeh Saleh, Marzieyeh Jamali, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Parichehr Pooransari, Soraya Saleh Gargari
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels and determinants of unwanted pregnancies and therapeutic and elective induced abortions in an Iranian sample of women. This study was conducted from the beginning of 2013 to the end of July 2013, using data from 950 women aged 15-45 years. To evaluate the relationship of independent variables to the number of unwanted pregnancies, a negative binomial regression model was used. A multinomial logistic model was used to investigate the relationship of the history of at least one unwanted pregnancy to therapeutic and elective induced abortion...
July 6, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672413/long-acting-reversible-contraception
#10
Rogerio Bonassi Machado, Ilza Maria Urbano Monteiro, Jarbas Magalhães, Cristina Aparecida Falbo Guazzelli, Milena Bastos Brito, Marta Franco Finotti, Jaqueline Neves Lubianca, Luis Carlos Sakamoto, Silvio Antonio Franceschini
Unwanted pregnancy is a major public health problem both in developed and developing countries. Although the reduction in the rates of these pregnancies requires multifactorial approaches, increasing access to long-acting contraceptive methods can contribute significantly to change this scenario. In Brazil, gynecologists and obstetricians play a key role in contraceptive counseling, being decisive in the choice of long-acting reversible methods, characterized by intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the contraceptive implant...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668083/increasing-family-planning-in-myanmar-the-role-of-the-private-sector-and-social-franchise-programs
#11
Tin Aung, Nang Mo Hom, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: This study examines the influence of clinical social franchise program on modern contraceptive use. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of contraceptive use among 2390 currently married women across 25 townships in Myanmar in 2014. Social franchise program measures were from programmatic records. RESULTS: Multivariable models show that women who lived in communities with at least 1-5 years of a clinical social franchise intrauterine device (IUD) program had 4...
July 1, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662935/prevalence-and-predictors-of-prenatal-and-postpartum-contraceptive-counseling-in-two-texas-cities
#12
Kate Coleman-Minahan, Abigail R A Aiken, Joseph E Potter
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the prevalence of and sociodemographic associations with receiving prenatal and postpartum contraceptive counseling, including counseling on intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort study of 803 postpartum women in El Paso and Austin, Texas. We examined the prevalence of prenatal and postpartum counseling, provider discouragement of IUDs and implants, and associated sociodemographic characteristics using χ(2) tests and logistic regression...
June 26, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653328/a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-different-filling-pressures-in-operative-outpatient-hysteroscopy
#13
Hisham Haggag, AbdelGany Hassan, Amr Wahba, Ralf Joukhadar
OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal filling pressure during operative outpatient hysteroscopy that allows completion of the procedure while minimizing pain. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of women aged 20-60 years undergoing operative hysteroscopy (including biopsy sampling, polypectomy, septum excision, adhesiolysis, or intrauterine device removal) was undertaken at a university hospital in Egypt between May 2014 and July 2016. Using a computer-generated randomization sequence, patients were randomly assigned into three equal groups: filling pressures of 40 mm Hg (group 1), 60 mm Hg (group 2), and 80 mm Hg (group 3; control)...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631146/motivations-for-interest-disinterest-and-uncertainty-in-intrauterine-device-use-among-young-women
#14
Anu Manchikanti Gomez, Bridget Freihart
Objective To elucidate salient contraceptive preferences and priorities as they relate to young women's interest or lack thereof in intrauterine device (IUD) use. Methods Qualitative data were drawn from a 2012 survey on contraceptive preferences and IUD interest. Among 413 young (ages 18-29) women, open-ended responses describing reasons for interest, disinterest or uncertainty in future IUD use were examined using a thematic analysis approach. Results Most participants were unsure about (49.2%) or not interested in (30...
June 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625067/colonic-obstruction-secondary-to-actinomyces
#15
Manuel Alfonso Jiménez Moreno, Isabel Sánchez Pedrique, Estíbaliz Obregón Martínez
Actinomycosis is an uncommon granulomatous infection by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria of the genus Actinomyces. A. israelii is a major human pathogen. The most frequent locations for colonization are cervicofacial (50%), abdominal (20%) and thoracic (15-20%). The abdominal actinomycosis predisposing factors include recent surgery, trauma and neoplasias. Certain cases have been associated with the intrauterine contraception device (IUD).
June 19, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624570/effects-of-intrauterine-contraception-on-the-vaginal-microbiota
#16
Christine M Bassis, Jenifer E Allsworth, Heather N Wahl, Daniel E Sack, Vincent B Young, Jason D Bell
OBJECTIVES: There have been conflicting reports of altered vaginal microbiota and infection susceptibility associated with contraception use. The objectives of this study were to determine if intrauterine contraception altered the vaginal microbiota and to compare the effects of a copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) and a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) on the vaginal microbiota. STUDY DESIGN: DNA was isolated from the vaginal swab samples of 76 women using Cu-IUD (n=36) or LNG-IUS (n=40) collected prior to insertion of intrauterine contraception (baseline) and at 6 months...
June 15, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617060/levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-lng-ius-12-for-prevention-of-pregnancy-for-up-to-five-years
#17
Anita L Nelson
A new five-year low dose, smaller-framed, levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system (LNG-IUS 12) has been introduced to complement the currently available systems. Areas Covered: This article will provide an overview of this new intrauterine system - its composition and its mechanisms of action as well as the results of the Phase II and III clinical trials of its efficacy, safety and tolerability. Expert Commentary: This new LNG-IUS 12 provides five-year contraceptive protection a pregnancy rate (less than 1%) in first year of use, which puts it into the top tier with the existing LNG-IUS 20 products; however, the LNG-IUS 12 does not have the high rates of amenorrhea often seen with the higher dose devices...
June 19, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608792/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-with-long-acting-reversible-contraception-factors-associated-with-dual-use
#18
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Rachel Logan, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is extremely effective in preventing pregnancy; however, it does not provide sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention. Therefore, dual use is recommended for the prevention of STIs, in addition to pregnancy, by using LARC methods with condoms. This study assessed factors associated with LARC only use and dual-LARC and condom use among college women. METHODS: The National College Health Assessment-II Fall 2012 to 2013 was used for this analysis...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602478/short-term-copper-intrauterine-device-placement-improves-the-implantation-and-pregnancy-rates-in-women-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#19
Xiaoyan Mao, Jie Zhang, Qiuju Chen, Yanping Kuang, Shaozhen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study if hysteroscopy and short-term copper intrauterine device placement (Cu-IUD) improves the pregnancy rates of women with repeated implantation failure (RIF) undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university hospital. PATIENT(S): Infertile women with at least two implantation failures with the use of at least one good-quality embryo. INTERVENTION(S): All patients received operative hysteroscopy in the follicular cycle, and if endometrial polyps, polypoid endometrium, or intrauterine adhesions were found they were removed...
July 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599702/a-rare-cause-of-acute-appendicitis-migration-of-an-intrauterine-device
#20
Alper Parlakgumus, Huriye Ayse Parlakgumus, Ali Ezer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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