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Permanent sterilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537948/current-techniques-and-outcomes-in-hysteroscopic-sterilization-current-evidence-considerations-and-complications-with-hysteroscopic-sterilization-micro-inserts
#1
James Casey, Laura Cedo-Cintron, Jessica Pearce, Amanda Yunker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current data regarding effectiveness, complications, postoperative evaluation, and surgical interventions associated with Essure hysteroscopic sterilization. RECENT FINDINGS: Hysteroscopic sterilization is a commonly performed procedure that is offered as a well tolerated, effective, outpatient method of permanent sterilization. Over the past several years, concerns have been raised regarding correct placement and postoperative complications...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527613/no-344-opportunistic-salpingectomy-and-other-methods-of-risk-reduction-for-ovarian-fallopian-tube-peritoneal-cancer-in-the-general-population
#2
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the potential benefits of opportunistic salpingectomy to prevent the development of high grade serous cancers (HGSC) of the ovary/fallopian tube/peritoneum based on current evidence supporting the fallopian tube origin of disease. INTENDED USERS: Gynaecologists, obstetricians, family doctors, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, residents, and health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Adult women (18 and older): OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy who wish to retain their ovaries in situ have traditionally also retained their fallopian tubes...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499527/contraception-menarche-to-menopause
#3
REVIEW
Erin E Tracy
Contraception services should be part of routine health care maintenance in reproductive-aged women, especially in light of the fact that approximately 50% of pregnancies in the United States remain unplanned. Barrier methods, especially condoms, may play a role in sexually transmitted disease prevention but are less efficacious for pregnancy avoidance. There are several available hormonal contraceptive options, including the combination hormonal pill, progestin-only pill, combination hormonal patches and rings, injectable progestins, implantable progestins, intrauterine devices (copper or progestin), and permanent sterilization...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407422/microbiological-diagnosis-of-device-related-biofilm-infections
#4
REVIEW
Yijuan Xu, Lone Heimann Larsen, Jan Lorenzen, Luanne Hall-Stoodley, Judith Kikhney, Annette Moter, Trine Rolighed Thomsen
Medical device-related infections cause undue patient distress, increased morbidity and mortality and pose a huge financial burden on healthcare services. The pathogens are frequently distributed heterogeneously in biofilms, which can persist without being effectively cleared by host immune defenses and antibiotic therapy. At present, there is no 'gold standard' available to reveal the presence of device-related biofilm infections. However, adequate sample collection and logistics, standardised diagnostic methods, and interpretation of results by experienced personnel are important steps in efficient diagnosis and treatment of these infections...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382278/removal-of-integrated-hepatitis-b-virus-dna-using-crispr-cas9
#5
Hao Li, Chunyu Sheng, Shan Wang, Lang Yang, Yuan Liang, Yong Huang, Hongbo Liu, Peng Li, Chaojie Yang, Xiaoxia Yang, Leili Jia, Jing Xie, Ligui Wang, Rongzhang Hao, Xinying Du, Dongping Xu, Jianjun Zhou, Mingzhen Li, Yansong Sun, Yigang Tong, Qiao Li, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song
The presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and the permanent integration of HBV DNA into the host genome confers the risk of viral reactivation and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nucleoside/nucleotide analogs alone have little or no capacity to eliminate replicative HBV templates consisting of cccDNA or integrated HBV DNA. Recently, CRISPR/Cas9 technology has been widely applied as a promising genome-editing tool, and HBV-specific CRISPR-Cas9 systems were shown to effectively mediate HBV cccDNA disruption...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348619/comparative-study-of-substance-p-and-neurokinin-a-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-of-healthy-and-painful-carious-permanent-teeth
#6
Alireza Heidari, Mahdi Shahrabi, Mehrak Rokouei, Aliakbar Amirzargar, Pegah Rahbar
BACKGROUND: It is shown that neuropeptides can be transported from pulp chamber to periodontal ligament through apical foramen and accessory canals. Therefore, clinical pulpal pain leads to expression of preinflammatory neuropeptides such as substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). This study aimed to evaluate levels of SP and NKA in GCF of carious and healthy permanent teeth, comparatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on twenty children referred to Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, who had a painful permanent first molar...
January 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333823/committee-opinion-no-695-sterilization-of-women-ethical-issues-and-considerations
#7
(no author information available yet)
Sterilization is the most common method of contraception among married couples, with nearly twice as many couples choosing female partner sterilization over male sterilization. Although sterilization is among the most straightforward surgical procedures an obstetrician-gynecologist performs, it is enormously complex when considered from a historical, sociological, or ethical perspective. Sterilization practices have embodied a problematic tension, in which some women who desired fertility were sterilized without their knowledge or consent, and other women who wanted sterilization to limit their family size lacked access to it...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333815/committee-opinion-no-695-summary-sterilization-of-women-ethical-issues-and-considerations
#8
(no author information available yet)
Sterilization is the most common method of contraception among married couples, with nearly twice as many couples choosing female partner sterilization over male sterilization. Although sterilization is among the most straightforward surgical procedures an obstetrician-gynecologist performs, it is enormously complex when considered from a historical, sociological, or ethical perspective. Sterilization practices have embodied a problematic tension, in which some women who desired fertility were sterilized without their knowledge or consent, and other women who wanted sterilization to limit their family size lacked access to it...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285425/total-bilateral-salpingectomy-versus-partial-bilateral-salpingectomy-for-permanent-sterilization-during-cesarean-delivery
#9
Shiri Shinar, Yair Blecher, Sharon Alpern, Ariel Many, Eran Ashwal, Uri Amikam, Aviad Cohen
PURPOSE: Sterilization via bilateral total salpingectomy is slowly replacing partial salpingectomy, as it is believed to decrease the incidence of ovarian cancer. Our objective was to compare short-term intra and post-operative complication rates of bilateral total salpingectomy versus partial salpingectomy performed during the course of a cesarean delivery. METHODS: A large series of tubal sterilizations during cesarean sections were studied in a single tertiary medical center between 1/2014 and 8/2016 before and after a policy change was made, switching from partial salpingectomy to total salpingectomy...
March 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256523/production-of-the-medaka-derived-from-vitrified-whole-testes-by-germ-cell-transplantation
#10
Shinsuke Seki, Kazunari Kusano, Seungki Lee, Yoshiko Iwasaki, Masaru Yagisawa, Mariko Ishida, Tadashi Hiratsuka, Takao Sasado, Kiyoshi Naruse, Goro Yoshizaki
The medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a teleost model distinguished from other model organisms by the presence of inbred strains, wild stocks, and related species. Cryopreservation guarantees preservation of these unique biological resources. However, because of their large size, cryopreservation techniques for their eggs and embryos have not been established. In the present study, we established a methodology to produce functional gametes from cryopreserved testicular cells (TCs). Whole testes taken from medaka were cryopreserved by vitrification...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231251/empirical-lessons-regarding-contraception-in-a-protracted-refugee-setting-a-descriptive-study-from-maela-camp-on-the-thai-myanmar-border-1996-2015
#11
Somjet Srikanok, Daniel M Parker, Amber L Parker, Tracey Lee, Aung Myat Min, Pranee Ontuwong, Saw Oo Tan, Supachai Sirinonthachai, Rose McGready
Conflict settings and refugee camps can be chaotic places, with large and rapid population movements, exacerbated public health problems, and ad hoc health services. Reproductive health care that includes family planning is of heightened importance in such settings, however, funding and resources tend to be constrained and geared towards acute health services such as trauma management and infectious disease containment. Here we report on the complexities and challenges of providing family planning in a post-emergency refugee setting, using the example of the largest refugee camp on the Thai-Myanmar border, in existence now for over 30 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205080/assessment-of-cu-zn-edta-parenteral-toxicity-in-calves
#12
Luis Emilio Fazzio, Diana Esther Rosa, Sebastian Julio Picco, Guillermo Alberto Mattioli
Copper (Cu) parenteral administration is used in a beef cow-calf operations to prevent or correct Cu deficiency in bovines. At present, Zinc (Zn) salts have been incorporated to complement Cu antioxidant effect. A risk of hepatotoxicity generated by overdose is a negative consequence of injectable Cu application. Cu-Zn EDTA appears as an alternative; however, data about its toxicity is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess toxicity risk of different doses of Cu-Zn EDTA in calves. Thirty two Aberdeen Angus calves of 162 (±20) kg BW were assigned to 4 groups (n = 8), homogeneous in weight, sex, and age...
February 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192732/reproductive-decisions-after-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#13
Amirhossein Moaddab, Miranda Klassen, Cynthia D Priester, Elvira H Munoz, Michael A Belfort, Steven L Clark, Gary A Dildy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the subsequent reproductive outcomes in women who either correctly or incorrectly were diagnosed with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were obtained, abstracted and reviewed by authors with extensive experience in critical care obstetrics. Telephone interviews of all survivors were conducted to determine obstetrical and contraceptive history. A subgroup underwent further telephone interview to address subsequent reproductive decisions...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178993/perspectives-of-urban-ghanaian-women-on-vasectomy
#14
Ofeibea Asare, Easmon Otupiri, Joana Apenkwa, Rose Odotei-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Advocacy for male involvement in family planning has been championed over the years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). There are a few contraceptive methods for men, and vasectomy uptake has been identified as one of the indicators of male involvement in family planning. Vasectomy also known as male sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It is a generally safe, quick, easy, effective surgical operation with rare complications to prevent release of sperm...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087480/the-role-of-opportunistic-bilateral-salpingectomy-vs-tubal-occlusion-or-ligation-for-ovarian-cancer-prophylaxis
#15
REVIEW
L Kirsten Ely, Mireille Truong
Bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) for sterilization has been known to decrease the risk of ovarian cancer. Recent studies have suggested that bilateral salpingectomy (BS) may be an alternative to BTL or tubal occlusion for women desiring permanent sterilization, owing to a possibly greater protective effect against ovarian cancer. We conducted a PubMed/MEDLINE review of the literature for original studies, opinion articles, and meta-analyses published between 2010 and 2016 addressing the role of BS at the time of sterilization and comparing its efficacy with BTL in terms of ovarian cancer prevention, operative outcomes, and ovarian function...
March 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926652/hysteroscopic-sterilization-with-essure-summary-of-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-actions-and-policy-implications-for-postmarketing-surveillance
#16
Jessica R Walter, Comeron W Ghobadi, Emily Hayman, Shuai Xu
In September 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convened a meeting of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Advisory Board Committee to address the sudden increase of patient-reported adverse events surrounding Essure, a Class III device offering a less invasive method for permanent female sterilization. After a review of the premarketing and postmarketing data and existing scientific literature, the FDA concluded there was insufficient evidence to remove the device from the market. However, the FDA did release a new guidance document requiring a black box warning for the device and ordered a new postmarketing study comparing Essure's safety and efficacy with laparoscopic tubal sterilization...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892642/new-approaches-to-non-surgical-sterilization-for-dogs-and-cats-opportunities-and-challenges
#17
Linda Rhodes
Over the last 40 years, researchers have explored methods to non-surgically suppress fertility in animals. Immunocontraception has been used to control wildlife populations but does not confer long-term immunity. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist deslorelin, formulated as an implant to provide 6-month to 1-year suppression of fertility in male dogs, is available commercially in some countries. Neither of these approaches provide permanent sterility. A single-dose, permanent treatment would be a valuable tool in dog and cat population control...
November 28, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883303/transgender-reproductive-choice-and-fertility-preservation
#18
Khadija Mitu
Increasing numbers of young transgender people are now using medical technologies to achieve a physical gender transition. However, the procedures of physical gender transition might cause temporary or permanent sterility. Thus many transgender people are now using fertility preservation technologies. Nonetheless, they can experience dilemmas in making reproductive and family-building decisions and face challenges in gaining access to and utilizing fertility preservation services. Based on qualitative research conducted with transgender men and women who used reproductive technologies for preserving their fertility before or during their physical transition, this paper contributes to the discourse of reproductive choice by the inclusion of transgender people's experience...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865415/biosterilant-effects-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-kurstaki-hd-73-extract-on-male-wistar-albino-rats
#19
Vikas Kumar Roy, Vanlal Peki, Maibam Sunita Devi, Sanasam Sanjeev, Maurya Khusboo, R Zothansanga, Kalibulla Syed Ibrahim, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Guruswami Gurusubramanian
Chemosterilants have long been used in sterilization programs for managing pet, stray, and wild animals but adverse effects such as trauma, incomplete responses to treatment, and complete abolition of gonadal sources of testosterone often occurs. This study describes the biosterilant effects of administering three doses of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki HD-73 (Bt 5, 50, and 250 mg/kg; 20 rats/dose) extract in adult male Wistar albino rats on testicular parameters, function, histology, and a number of biochemical markers of overall health, free radical production, and cell proliferation...
January 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859771/engineering-a-gene-silencing-viral-construct-that-targets-the-cat-hypothalamus-to-induce-permanent-sterility-an-update
#20
G A Dissen, K Adachi, A Lomniczi, T Chatkupt, B L Davidson, H Nakai, S R Ojeda
The intent of this contribution is to provide an update of the progress we have made towards developing a method/treatment to permanently sterilize cats. Our approach employs two complementary methodologies: RNA interference (RNAi) to silence genes involved in the central control of reproduction and a virus-based gene therapy system intended to deliver RNAi selectively to the hypothalamus (where these genes are expressed) via the systemic administration of modified viruses. We selected the hypothalamus because it contains neurons expressing Kiss1 and Tac3, two genes essential for reproduction and fertility...
November 17, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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