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Permanent sterilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073928/safety-of-tubal-ligation-by-minilaparotomy-provided-by-clinical-officers-versus-assistant-medical-officers-study-protocol-for-a-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial-in-tanzanian-women
#1
Mark A Barone, Zuhura Mbuguni, Japhet Ominde Achola, Carmela Cordero, Joseph Kanama, Projestine S Muganyizi, Jamilla Mwanga, Caitlin Shannon, Leopold Tibyehabwa
BACKGROUND: Female sterilization by tubal ligation is a safe, extremely effective, and permanent way to limit childbearing. It is the most popular modern contraceptive method worldwide. The simplest way to provide tubal ligation is by a procedure called minilaparotomy, generally performed with the client under local anesthesia with systemic sedation and analgesia. In Tanzania, unmet need for family planning is high and has declined little in the past decade. Access to tubal ligation is limited throughout the country, in large part because of a lack of trained providers...
October 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073204/non-linear-pressure-temperature-dependence-of-high-pressure-thermal-inactivation-of-proteolytic-clostridium-botulinum-type-b-in-foods
#2
Maximilian B Maier, Christian A Lenz, Rudi F Vogel
The effect of high pressure thermal (HPT) processing on the inactivation of spores of proteolytic type B Clostridium botulinum TMW 2.357 in four differently composed low-acid foods (green peas with ham, steamed sole, vegetable soup, braised veal) was studied in an industrially feasible pressure range and temperatures between 100 and 120°C. Inactivation curves exhibited rapid inactivation during compression and decompression followed by strong tailing effects. The highest inactivation (approx. 6-log cycle reduction) was obtained in braised veal at 600 MPa and 110°C after 300 s pressure-holding time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070158/partial-pulpotomy-in-immature-permanent-molars-after-carious-exposures-using-different-hemorrhage-control-and-capping-materials
#3
Beste Özgür, Serdar Uysal, H Cem Güngör
PURPOSE: This study compared the outcome of partial pulpotomies with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium hydroxide (CH) following hemorrhage control with 2.5 percent sodium hypochlorite (SH) or 0.9 percent sterile saline (SS) solutions in cariously exposed immature permanent molars. METHODS: Following removal of two to three mm of the pulp at the exposure site, 80 Class I cavities were randomly allocated to four groups according to the hemorrhage control agent and pulp-capping material used: (1) group one-SH plus MTA; (2) group two-SS plus MTA; (3) group three-SH plus CH; (4) group four-SS plus CH...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993791/a-flow-cytometry-protocol-to-estimate-dna-content-in-the-yellowtail-tetra-astyanax-altiparanae
#4
Pedro L P Xavier, José A Senhorini, Matheus Pereira-Santos, Takafumi Fujimoto, Eduardo Shimoda, Luciano A Silva, Silvio A Dos Santos, George S Yasui
The production of triploid yellowtail tetra Astyanax altiparanae is a key factor to obtain permanently sterile individuals by chromosome set manipulation. Flow cytometric analysis is the main tool for confirmation of the resultant triploids individuals, but very few protocols are specific for A. altiparanae species. The current study has developed a protocol to estimate DNA content in this species. Furthermore, a protocol for long-term storage of dorsal fins used for flow cytometry analysis was established...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987213/update-on-the-essure-system-for-permanent-birth-control
#5
Heidi Collins Fantasia
In 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Essure system for permanent birth control. Implantation with this device offers a minimally invasive option for permanent female contraception that is placed during a brief office visit. Unlike laparoscopic tubal sterilization, the Essure procedure requires no hospitalization or general anesthesia, resulting in minimal recovery time. After a decade of stability in the report of adverse effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration noted a sharp increase in patient-reported adverse events, including chronic pelvic pain, irregular bleeding, allergic reactions, and autoimmune-like reactions...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969836/therapeutic-trial-of-doxycyclin-plus-ivermectin-for-the-treatment-of-brugia-malayi-naturally-infected-cats
#6
Ladawan Khowawisetsut, Patsharaporn T Sarasombath, Suwich Thammapalo, Sumart Loymek, Therayot Korbarsa, Hathai Nochote, Achinya Phuakrod, Wej Choochote, Sirichit Wongkamchai
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the neglected tropical diseases which causes permanent and long term disability worldwide. LF is caused by filarial nematode parasites, i.e. Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori. All available antifilarial drugs currently being used have shown a limited adulticidal activity. Discoveries of endosymbiont rickettsia-like bacterium, Wolbachia in filarial nematodes provided a novel approach for antibiotic use in eradication of filarial diseases. The earlier studies revealed the macrofilaricidal efficacy of doxycycline against filarial nematodes...
October 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922615/the-impact-of-incorporating-antimicrobials-into-implant-surfaces
#7
N J Hickok, I M Shapiro, A F Chen
With the increase in numbers of joint replacements, spinal surgeries, and dental implantations, there is an urgent need to combat implant-associated infection. In addition to stringent sterile techniques, an efficacious way to prevent this destructive complication is to create new implants with antimicrobial properties. Specifically, these implants must be active in the dental implant environment where the implant is bathed in the glycoprotein-rich salivary fluids that enhance bacterial adhesion, and propagation, and biofilm formation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903822/evaluation-of-a-zinc-gluconate-neutralized-with-arginine-product-as-a-nonsurgical-method-for-sterilization-of-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#8
Kacie N Woodward, Rebekah I Keesler, J Rachel Reader, Kari L Christe
Because rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are prolific breeders, overpopulation can be problematic in both research and feral populations. Currently, the most effective contraceptive methods are hormonal control in female macaques and vasectomies in males. These methods each come with innate challenges, the foremost being the alteration of necessary hormonal patterns. In this study, we assessed the use of zinc gluconate neutralized with arginine as a novel, nonsurgical alternative to male contraception in 12 rhesus macaques...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#9
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873982/-forgotten-chapters-in-the-history-of-transcervical-sterilization-carl-clauberg-and-hans-joachim-lindemann
#10
Sabine Hildebrandt, Susan Benedict, Erin Miller, Michael Gaffney, Michael A Grodin
Transcervical sterilization is a non-surgical method of permanent female sterilization that is widely used and critically discussed. A review of the historiography of the method reveals that instances of its coercive use are not included in the historical account. This study offers a reexamination of the work of Carl Clauberg and Hans-Joachim Lindemann, to more deeply contextualize within the framework of current usage the coercive use of transcervical sterilization during the Third Reich and in postwar Germany...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870724/tubal-sterilization-in-women-under-30-case-series-and-ethical-implications
#11
Dylan Ehman, Dustin Costescu
OBJECTIVE: According to the SOGC Contraception Consensus, it is recommended that permanent contraception be offered to women regardless of age or parity. Many women who desire sterilization at a young age experience barriers from physicians who decline to facilitate the request. METHODS: As part of a quality assurance project, we performed a review of cases where tubal sterilization was performed in women under 30 over a 42-month period (September 2013-March 2017)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801781/acute-pain-crisis-in-a-patient-with-sickle-cell-disease-undergoing-ovarian-simulation-for-fertility-preservation-prior-to-curative-stem-cell-transplantation-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Michelle Matthews, Rebecca Pollack
PURPOSE: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a cure for sickle cell disease (SCD) but frequently results in permanent sterility. The complications associated with oocyte cryopreservation and risks of future pregnancy are increased in SCD patients. This case report discusses risk reduction strategies and includes a literature review of pregnancy after HSCT. CASE: A 23-year-old woman underwent ovarian stimulation for fertility preservation resulting in cancelation due to acute pain crisis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764931/acinetobacter-pittii-biofilm-formation-on-inanimate-surfaces-after-long-term-desiccation
#13
Z Bravo, I Chapartegui-González, M Lázaro-Díez, J Ramos-Vivas
BACKGROUND: The survival of pathogenic micro-organisms in the healthcare environment has a major role in nosocomial infections. Among the responsible mechanisms enabling nosocomial pathogens to persist with these stress conditions is their ability to resist desiccation and to form biofilms. AIM: To investigate the survival behaviour of Acinetobacter pittii isolates on inert surfaces and saline microcosms. METHODS: Five A. pittii clinical strains were spotted over white laboratory coat fragments, glass, and plastic surfaces, or inoculated into sterile saline and monitored at room temperature for a period of 43 days...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757140/the-feasibility-safety-and-effectiveness-of-hysteroscopic-sterilization-compared-with-laparoscopic-sterilization
#14
Lina Antoun, Paul Smith, Janesh K Gupta, T Justin Clark
BACKGROUND: In contrast to conventional laparoscopic sterilization, newer hysteroscopic approaches avoid the need for hospital admission, general anesthesia, and prolonged recovery. However, there are concerns that the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of hysteroscopic sterilization may be lower than established laparoscopic sterilization. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of hysteroscopic sterilization compared with laparoscopic sterilization in routine clinical practice in a comparative observational cohort study...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745705/-the-outcomes-of-lower-extremities-burn-wounds-management-by-using-of-controlled-moist-environment
#15
N N Karyakin, I A Klemenova, A S Luzan
AIM: To the outcomes of lower extremities burn wounds management by using of controlled moist environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Burn wounds management by using of controlled moist environment in 23 patients is presented in the article. Physiological moist conditions on the surface of wounds were created with isotonic sodium chloride solution and sterile polyethylene diaphanous containers. Сontrol group included 12 patients who were treated with hydrocolloid patch...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714237/effects-of-intracameral-ascorbic-acid-on-the-corneal-endothelium-of-dogs-undergoing-phacoemulsification
#16
Ivan R M Padua, Gisele P Valdetaro, Tiago B Lima, Karina K Kobashigawa, Paloma E S Silva, Marcela Aldrovani, Pedro P M Padua, Jose L Laus
OBJECTIVE: Cataracts are the most common ocular disorder in dogs. Phacoemulsification is the preferred treatment method among ophthalmologists, but the cellularity of the endothelium must be considered for its success, as endothelial lesions may produce permanent corneal decompensation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of intracameral ascorbic acid, a known antioxidant, on the corneal endothelium of dogs undergoing phacoemulsification. ANIMAL STUDIED: In all, 40 eyes from 20 dogs, males and females from 7 to 12 years of age, were assessed for mature cataracts...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697112/contraception-after-delivery-among-publicly-insured-women-in-texas-use-compared-with-preference
#17
Joseph E Potter, Kate Coleman-Minahan, Kari White, Daniel A Powers, Chloe Dillaway, Amanda J Stevenson, Kristine Hopkins, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's preferences for contraception after delivery and to compare use with preferences. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study of women aged 18-44 years who wanted to delay childbearing for at least 2 years, we interviewed 1,700 participants from eight hospitals in Texas immediately postpartum and at 3 and 6 months after delivery. At 3 months, we assessed contraceptive preferences by asking what method women would like to be using at 6 months...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672926/bilateral-diffuse-lamellar-keratitis-triggered-by-permanent-eyeliner-tattoo-treatment-a-case-report
#18
Cheng-Wei Lu, Xiu-Fen Liu, Dan-Dan Zhou, Yu-Jiao Kong, Xiao-Feng Qi, Tao-Tao Liu, Ting Qu, Xiao-Tao Pan, Cong Liu, Ji-Long Hao
Diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) is a sterile inflammation of the cornea, which may occur after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery. Little is known about the association of DLK with permanent eyeliner tattoo. The present case report describes the case of a 37-year-old Chinese woman who developed severe foreign body sensation in both eyes 1 week after receiving bilateral permanent eyeliner tattoo treatment. The patient had received bilateral LASIK surgery 10 years previously. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy revealed diffused granular infiltrates precipitated around the edge of the corneal flaps in both eyes...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595627/trends-in-use-of-and-complications-from-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices-and-tubal-ligation-or-occlusion
#19
Brandon Howard, ElizaBeth Grubb, Maureen J Lage, Boxiong Tang
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraceptives such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) are highly effective in preventing pregnancy, cost effective, and increasing in popularity. It is unclear whether changes in IUD use are associated with changes in rates of irreversible tubal sterilization. In this analysis, we evaluate changes in rates of tubal sterilization, insertion of copper or levonorgestrel (LNG) IUDs, and related complications over time. METHODS: Data were obtained from a retrospective claims database (Optum(TM) Clinformatics(TM) Data Mart) of women aged 15 to 45 years who underwent insertion of copper or LNG IUD or tubal sterilization between 1/1/2006 and 12/31/2011...
June 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587619/contraceptive-practices-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-bangladesh-a-review-of-the-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Fauzia Akhter Huda, Yolande Robertson, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Laura Reichenbach, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a sevenfold increase in its contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) in less than forty years from 8% in 1975 to 62% in 2014. However, despite this progress, almost one-third of pregnancies are still unintended which may be attributed to unmet need for family planning and discontinuation and switching of methods after initiation of their use. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature review on contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in Bangladesh...
June 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
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