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Permanent sterilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771940/unplanned-pregnancies-and-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-positive-women-in-care
#1
Madeline Y Sutton, Wen Zhou, Emma L Frazier
Among 230,360 women with diagnosed HIV in the United States (U.S.), ~ 8,500 give birth annually, and unplanned pregnancies (as with HIV-negative women) are prevalent. However, unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women have been understudied. To examine unplanned pregnancies and contraceptive use among HIV-positive women, we used 2013-2014 data from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), an HIV surveillance system that produces national estimates for HIV-positive adults in care in the U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686233/monogamous-sperm-storage-and-permanent-worker-sterility-in-a-long-lived-ambrosia-beetle
#2
Shannon M Smith, Deborah S Kent, Jacobus J Boomsma, Adam J Stow
The lifetime monogamy hypothesis claims that the evolution of permanently unmated worker castes always requires maximal full-sibling relatedness to be established first. The long-lived diploid ambrosia beetle Austroplatypus incompertus (Schedl) is known to be highly social, but whether it has lifetime sterile castes has remained unclear. Here we show that the gallery systems of this beetle inside the heartwood of live Eucalyptus trees are always inhabited by a single core family, consisting of a lifetime-inseminated mother, permanently unmated daughter workers, and immatures that are always full siblings to each other and their adult caretakers...
April 23, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616492/contraceptive-strategies-in-women-with-heart-failure-or-with-cardiac-transplantation
#3
REVIEW
Anjli Maroo, Johnny Chahine
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe contraception for two groups of women: (1) women with heart failure and (2) women with cardiac transplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Medical Eligibility Criteria for contraceptive agents address women with peripartum cardiomyopathy and women with valvular heart disease (Curtis et al. MMWR Recomm Rep 65:1-103, 2016). Recommendations for women with other forms of heart failure are extrapolated from these populations. Recommendations for women with cardiac transplantation have shifted since the 1980s: use of long-acting reversible contraception has increased, and there is a better understanding of the interactions between contraceptive and immunosuppressive regimens...
June 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604317/therapeutic-time-window-of-anti-high-mobility-group-box-1-antibody-administration-in-mouse-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Masahide Nakajo, Naohiro Uezono, Hideyuki Nakashima, Hidenori Wake, Setsuro Komiya, Masahiro Nishibori, Kinichi Nakashima
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurologic disorder that often leads to permanent disability, and there is no effective treatment for it. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a damage-associated molecular protein that triggers sterile inflammation upon injuries. We have previously shown that two administrations of neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) against HMGB1 (immediately after (0 hours) and 6 hours after) SCI dramatically improves functional recovery after SCI in mice. However, when considering clinical application, 0 hours after SCI is not practical...
March 28, 2018: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595376/application-of-an-ex-vivo-tissue-model-to-investigate-radiobiological-effects-on-spermatogenesis
#5
Hisanori Fukunaga, Kiichi Kaminaga, Takuya Sato, Noriko Usami, Ritsuko Watanabe, Karl T Butterworth, Takehiko Ogawa, Akinari Yokoya, Kevin M Prise
The formation of sperm by the testes through the process of spermatogenesis is highly radiosensitive and can be affected by environmental, occupational and therapeutic radiation exposures. In this study, we applied an ex vivo mouse testis organ culture as an experimental model of spermatogenesis to investigate the radiobiological effects and to demonstrate its feasibility as a tool to determine response to complex, modulated radiation fields. This model uses Acr-GFP transgenic mice, which express the marker green fluorescent proteins specific for meiosis to allow observation of functional changes in real-time that can be used to analyze radiation-induced changes in the process of spermatogenesis...
March 29, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593795/the-role-and-impact-of-salivary-zn-levels-on-dental-caries
#6
Milaim Sejdini, Agim Begzati, Sami Salihu, Sokol Krasniqi, Nora Berisha, Nora Aliu
Introduction: Minimal attention has been given to the role of salivary microelements, the importance they have in reducing the intensity of caries, and the effect of caries prophylaxes. Aim: This research aimed to determine the concentration and quantity of Zn and its impact on the prevention and the reduction of the intensity of caries in schoolchildren aged 12-13 years with permanent dentition. Methods: For this research, we analyzed the stimulated and nonstimulated full saliva of 106 schoolchildren divided into three groups by mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534827/effects-of-immunization-against-bone-morphogenetic-protein-15-and-growth-differentiation-factor-9-on-ovarian-function-in-mares
#7
Kelli A Davis, Kristin M Klohonatz, Darcy S O Mora, Hannah M Twenter, Peter E Graham, Pablo Pinedo, Douglas C Eckery, Jason E Bruemmer
Currently there is no contraceptive vaccine that can cause permanent sterility in mares. This study investigates the effect of vaccination against oocyte-specific growth factors, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15 (BMP-15) and Growth Differentiation Factor 9 (GDF-9), on ovarian function of mares. It was hypothesized that immunization against these growth factors would prevent ovulation and/or accelerate depletion of the oocyte reserve. For this study, 30 mares were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 10/group) and vaccinated with BMP-15 or GDF-9 peptides conjugated to KLH and adjuvant, or a control of phosphate buffered saline and adjuvant...
March 6, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484911/relationship-between-depth-of-approximal-caries-lesions-and-presence-of-bacteria-in-the-dentine-in-primary-and-permanent-posterior-teeth-a-radiographic-examination-with-microbiological-evaluation
#8
Azam Bakhshandeh, Isabela Floriano, Mariana Minatel Braga, Kristine Arnholdt Thorlacius, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the relation between the radiographical depth of approximal lesions and the presence of bacteria in the dentine in posterior teeth in both dentitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample 1 consisted of 34 approximal lesions in primary molars in children aged 5-7 years old. Sample 2 consisted of 48 approximal lesions in molars and premolars in adult patients aged 18-67 years old. All lesions were in need of restorative treatment according to the dentists...
February 27, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477629/the-use-of-a-low-literacy-version-of-the-medicaid-sterilization-consent-form-to-assess-sterilization-related-knowledge-in-spanish-speaking-women-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Melissa F Natavio, Victoria K Cortessis, Nikki B Zite, Katharine Ciesielski, Hilary Eggers, Niquelle Brown, Penina Segall-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: To learn whether a version of the Medicaid Sterilization Consent Form (SCF) adapted for populations of low-literacy can help Spanish-speaking women better understand the process and consequences of tubal sterilization. STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned Spanish-speaking women, ages 21-45 years, to review either a "standard" or "low-literacy" version of the Medicaid SCF. We assessed sterilization-related knowledge using items from the Postpartum Tubal Sterilization Knowledge questionnaire, using as the primary outcome correct identification of least four or more knowledge items and as secondary outcome participants' preferred version of the SCF...
March 23, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470506/cuticular-hydrocarbons-correlate-with-queen-reproductive-status-in-native-and-invasive-argentine-ants-linepithema-humile-mayr
#10
Sílvia Abril, Mireia Diaz, Alain Lenoir, Carolina Ivon Paris, Raphaël Boulay, Crisanto Gómez
In insect societies, chemical communication plays an important role in colony reproduction and individual social status. Many studies have indicated that cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) are the main chemical compounds encoding reproductive status. However, these studies have largely focused on queenless or monogynous species whose workers are capable of egg laying and have mainly explored the mechanisms underlying queen-worker or worker-worker reproductive conflicts. Less is known about what occurs in highly polygynous ant species with permanently sterile workers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452565/serum-vitamin-c-levels-modulate-the-lifespan-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-response-pathways-in-mice-synthesizing-a-nonfunctional-mutant-wrn-protein
#11
Lucie Aumailley, Marie Julie Dubois, Tracy A Brennan, Chantal Garand, Eric R Paquet, Robert J Pignolo, André Marette, Michel Lebel
Werner syndrome (WS) is a premature aging disorder caused by mutations in a RecQ-family DNA helicase (WRN). Mice lacking part of the helicase domain of the WRN ortholog exhibit several phenotypic features of WS. In this study, we generated a Wrn mutant line that, like humans, relies entirely on dietary sources of vitamin C (ascorbate) to survive, by crossing them to mice that lack the gulonolactone oxidase enzyme required for ascorbate synthesis. In the presence of 0.01% ascorbate (w/v) in drinking water, double-mutant mice exhibited a severe reduction in lifespan, small size, sterility, osteopenia, and metabolic profiles different from wild-type (WT) mice...
February 8, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440936/contraceptive-use-and-preferences-of-young-married-women-in-kerala-india
#12
Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan
Background: As in other states of India, female sterilization is the most widely used contraceptive method in Kerala where women have higher levels of education compared to most other states in India. This paper describes the use and preferences of contraceptive methods among young married women in Trivandrum district, Kerala, India. Subjects and methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 203 young married women (18-28 years) during January-March 2015 using multistage cluster sampling method...
2018: Open Access Journal of Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430091/endodontic-treatment-of-chronically-infected-primary-teeth-using-triple-antibiotic-paste-an-in-vivo-study
#13
G Anuradha Reddy, E Sridevi, A J Sai Sankar, K Pranitha, M J S Pratap Gowd, C Vinay
Aim: Maintenance of primary dentition is imperative for the development of arch form, esthetics, function, mastication, and normal eruption of permanent teeth. Premature loss can cause various problems such as ectopic eruption, space loss for the successor permanent teeth, alterations in speech, and impairment of function. Hence, decayed primary teeth should not be extracted and treated whenever possible. Pulpectomy is generally recommended as a treatment of choice in such cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of pulpectomized primary teeth with chronic infection using a mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline (3MIX)-MP as an intracanal medicament before the obturation...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393079/percutaneous-ethanol-injection-as-a-promising-and-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-axillary-osmidrosis-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ali Asilian, Masoom Shahbazi, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Nazila Poostiyan, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
Background: Axillary osmidrosis is a common problem with a strong negative impact on the professional and social quality of life. Several options are available for its treatment. But there are no treatment guidelines. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of percutaneous ethanol injection for treatment of axillary osmidrosis. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess clinical efficacy and postoperative complications of percutaneous ethanol injection was performed among 60 patients (12-35 years of age) with axillary osmidrosis...
2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343307/informed-choice-and-female-sterilization-in-south-asia-and-latin-america
#15
Apoorva Jadhav, Emily Vala-Haynes
Globally, female sterilization is one of the most popular contraceptive methods despite concerns about quality of care for women who report being sterilized. In this study, informed choice among sterilized women was quantified using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 2000 to 2012 for countries in South Asia and Latin America. Three responses measured informed choice and knowledge about whether women were informed by a health worker or provider: that sterilization is permanent, the potential side-effects of sterilization and other methods of contraception...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297842/sterilization-of-hybrid-marmoset-callithrix-sp-females-an-evaluation-of-two-surgical-methods
#16
Fábio Ferreira de Queiroz, Giane Chaves Kristosch, Flávio Landim Soffiati, Mônica Jorge Luz, André Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira, Tânia Ribeiro Junqueira Borges, Carlos Ramón Ruiz Miranda, Leonardo Serafim da Silveira
Population control techniques, either permanent or reversible, are important tools for the management of wildlife in captive and natural environments. Among these, surgical sterilization provides a permanent solution to unwanted reproduction. Surgical techniques can differ in their invasiveness and in the subsequent effect on behavior and physiology. For social animals, techniques that preserve gonads, such as vasectomy for males and ligation of uterine tubes for females, may be preferred because they maintain important physiology that influences behavior...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215340/a-report-of-brugada-syndrome-presenting-with-cardiac-arrest-triggered-by-verapamil-intoxication
#17
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211490/contraception-among-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#18
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
This report summarizes the annual prevalence of permanent sterilization, as well as use of long- and short-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs and SARCs, respectively), contraceptive counseling services, and use of emergency contraception from 2012 through 2016 among active component U.S. service women. Overall, 262,907 (76.2%) women of childbearing potential used either a LARC or a SARC at some time during the surveillance period. From 2012 through 2016, permanent sterilization decreased from 4.2% to 3...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178757/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-white-mta-versus-formocresol-pulpotomy-a-48-month-follow-up-study
#19
María Biedma Perea, Beatriz Solano Mendoza, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Asunción Mendoza Mendoza, Alejandro Iglesias-Linares
PURPOSE: To determine whether there were differences between formocresol (FC) and white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy in terms of clinical and radiographic signs or effects upon the permanent successor over a long term. METHODS: A total of 212 molars (74 treated with FC and 138 with white MTA) corresponding to 129 subjects [66 females (51.1%) and 63 males (48.8%)] were evaluated. The coronal pulp was carefully amputated up to the entrance of the root canals using a sharp spoon excavator...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172414/contraception-update-sterilization
#20
REVIEW
Karen Antell, Prium Deshmukh, Elizabeth J Brown
Female sterilization procedures include postpartum partial salpingectomy via cesarean or minilaparotomy incision, interval laparoscopic procedures, or hysteroscopic placement of microinserts. Rates of failure and serious complications are low and comparable among the various methods. A hysteroscopic procedure requires a 3-month confirmatory hysterosalpingogram before it is considered effective for contraception. Hysteroscopic sterilization has been shown to be associated with a higher reoperation rate than laparoscopic procedures...
November 2017: FP Essentials
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