Read by QxMD icon Read

Permanent sterilization

Kelli A Davis, Kristin M Klohonatz, Darcy S O Mora, Hannah M Twenter, Peter E Graham, Pablo Pinedo, Douglas C Eckery, Jason E Bruemmer
Currently there is no contraceptive vaccine that can cause permanent sterility in mares. This study investigates the effect of vaccination against oocyte-specific growth factors, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15 (BMP-15) and Growth Differentiation Factor 9 (GDF-9), on ovarian function of mares. It was hypothesized that immunization against these growth factors would prevent ovulation and/or accelerate depletion of the oocyte reserve. For this study, 30 mares were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 10/group) and vaccinated with BMP-15 or GDF-9 peptides conjugated to KLH and adjuvant, or a control of phosphate buffered saline and adjuvant...
March 6, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Azam Bakhshandeh, Isabela Floriano, Mariana Minatel Braga, Kristine Arnholdt Thorlacius, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the relation between the radiographical depth of approximal lesions and the presence of bacteria in the dentine in posterior teeth in both dentitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample 1 consisted of 34 approximal lesions in primary molars in children aged 5-7 years old. Sample 2 consisted of 48 approximal lesions in molars and premolars in adult patients aged 18-67 years old. All lesions were in need of restorative treatment according to the dentists...
February 27, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Melissa F Natavio, Victoria K Cortessis, Nikki B Zite, Katharine Ciesielski, Hilary Eggers, Niquelle Brown, Penina Segall-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: To learn whether a version of the Medicaid Sterilization Consent Form (SCF) adapted for populations of low-literacy can help Spanish-speaking women better understand the process and consequences of tubal sterilization. STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned Spanish-speaking women, ages 21-45 years, to review either a "standard" or "low-literacy" version of the Medicaid SCF. We assessed sterilization-related knowledge using items from the Postpartum Tubal Sterilization Knowledge questionnaire, using as the primary outcome correct identification of least 4 or more knowledge items and as secondary outcome participants' preferred version of the SCF...
February 22, 2018: Contraception
Sílvia Abril, Mireia Diaz, Alain Lenoir, Carolina Ivon Paris, Raphaël Boulay, Crisanto Gómez
In insect societies, chemical communication plays an important role in colony reproduction and individual social status. Many studies have indicated that cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) are the main chemical compounds encoding reproductive status. However, these studies have largely focused on queenless or monogynous species whose workers are capable of egg laying and have mainly explored the mechanisms underlying queen-worker or worker-worker reproductive conflicts. Less is known about what occurs in highly polygynous ant species with permanently sterile workers...
2018: PloS One
Lucie Aumailley, Marie Julie Dubois, Tracy A Brennan, Chantal Garand, Eric R Paquet, Robert J Pignolo, André Marette, Michel Lebel
Werner syndrome (WS) is a premature aging disorder caused by mutations in a RecQ-family DNA helicase (WRN). Mice lacking part of the helicase domain of the WRN ortholog exhibit several phenotypic features of WS. In this study, we generated a Wrn mutant line that, like humans, relies entirely on dietary sources of vitamin C (ascorbate) to survive, by crossing them to mice that lack the gulonolactone oxidase enzyme required for ascorbate synthesis. In the presence of 0.01% ascorbate (w/v) in drinking water, double-mutant mice exhibited a severe reduction in lifespan, small size, sterility, osteopenia, and metabolic profiles different from wild-type (WT) mice...
February 8, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan
Background: As in other states of India, female sterilization is the most widely used contraceptive method in Kerala where women have higher levels of education compared to most other states in India. This paper describes the use and preferences of contraceptive methods among young married women in Trivandrum district, Kerala, India. Subjects and methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 203 young married women (18-28 years) during January-March 2015 using multistage cluster sampling method...
2018: Open Access Journal of Contraception
G Anuradha Reddy, E Sridevi, A J Sai Sankar, K Pranitha, M J S Pratap Gowd, C Vinay
Aim: Maintenance of primary dentition is imperative for the development of arch form, esthetics, function, mastication, and normal eruption of permanent teeth. Premature loss can cause various problems such as ectopic eruption, space loss for the successor permanent teeth, alterations in speech, and impairment of function. Hence, decayed primary teeth should not be extracted and treated whenever possible. Pulpectomy is generally recommended as a treatment of choice in such cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of pulpectomized primary teeth with chronic infection using a mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline (3MIX)-MP as an intracanal medicament before the obturation...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Ali Asilian, Masoom Shahbazi, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Nazila Poostiyan, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
BACKGROUND: Axillary osmidrosis is a common problem with a strong negative impact on the professional and social quality of life. Several options are available for its treatment. But there are no treatment guidelines. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of percutaneous ethanol injection for treatment of axillary osmidrosis. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess clinical efficacy and postoperative complications of percutaneous ethanol injection was performed among 60 patients (12-35 years of age) with axillary osmidrosis...
February 1, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Apoorva Jadhav, Emily Vala-Haynes
Globally, female sterilization is one of the most popular contraceptive methods despite concerns about quality of care for women who report being sterilized. In this study, informed choice among sterilized women was quantified using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 2000 to 2012 for countries in South Asia and Latin America. Three responses measured informed choice and knowledge about whether women were informed by a health worker or provider: that sterilization is permanent, the potential side-effects of sterilization and other methods of contraception...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Fábio Ferreira de Queiroz, Giane Chaves Kristosch, Flávio Landim Soffiati, Mônica Jorge Luz, André Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira, Tânia Ribeiro Junqueira Borges, Carlos Ramón Ruiz Miranda, Leonardo Serafim da Silveira
Population control techniques, either permanent or reversible, are important tools for the management of wildlife in captive and natural environments. Among these, surgical sterilization provides a permanent solution to unwanted reproduction. Surgical techniques can differ in their invasiveness and in the subsequent effect on behavior and physiology. For social animals, techniques that preserve gonads, such as vasectomy for males and ligation of uterine tubes for females, may be preferred because they maintain important physiology that influences behavior...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
This report summarizes the annual prevalence of permanent sterilization, as well as use of long- and short-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs and SARCs, respectively), contraceptive counseling services, and use of emergency contraception from 2012 through 2016 among active component U.S. service women. Overall, 262,907 (76.2%) women of childbearing potential used either a LARC or a SARC at some time during the surveillance period. From 2012 through 2016, permanent sterilization decreased from 4.2% to 3...
November 2017: MSMR
María Biedma Perea, Beatriz Solano Mendoza, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Asunción Mendoza Mendoza, Alejandro Iglesias-Linares
PURPOSE: To determine whether there were differences between formocresol (FC) and white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy in terms of clinical and radiographic signs or effects upon the permanent successor over a long term. METHODS: A total of 212 molars (74 treated with FC and 138 with white MTA) corresponding to 129 subjects [66 females (51.1%) and 63 males (48.8%)] were evaluated. The coronal pulp was carefully amputated up to the entrance of the root canals using a sharp spoon excavator...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
Karen Antell, Prium Deshmukh, Elizabeth J Brown
Female sterilization procedures include postpartum partial salpingectomy via cesarean or minilaparotomy incision, interval laparoscopic procedures, or hysteroscopic placement of microinserts. Rates of failure and serious complications are low and comparable among the various methods. A hysteroscopic procedure requires a 3-month confirmatory hysterosalpingogram before it is considered effective for contraception. Hysteroscopic sterilization has been shown to be associated with a higher reoperation rate than laparoscopic procedures...
November 2017: FP Essentials
Mark A Barone, Zuhura Mbuguni, Japhet Ominde Achola, Carmela Cordero, Joseph Kanama, Projestine S Muganyizi, Jamilla Mwanga, Caitlin Shannon, Leopold Tibyehabwa
BACKGROUND: Female sterilization by tubal ligation is a safe, extremely effective, and permanent way to limit childbearing. It is the most popular modern contraceptive method worldwide. The simplest way to provide tubal ligation is by a procedure called minilaparotomy, generally performed with the client under local anesthesia with systemic sedation and analgesia. In Tanzania, unmet need for family planning is high and has declined little in the past decade. Access to tubal ligation is limited throughout the country, in large part because of a lack of trained providers...
October 26, 2017: Trials
Maximilian B Maier, Christian A Lenz, Rudi F Vogel
The effect of high pressure thermal (HPT) processing on the inactivation of spores of proteolytic type B Clostridium botulinum TMW 2.357 in four differently composed low-acid foods (green peas with ham, steamed sole, vegetable soup, braised veal) was studied in an industrially feasible pressure range and temperatures between 100 and 120°C. Inactivation curves exhibited rapid inactivation during compression and decompression followed by strong tailing effects. The highest inactivation (approx. 6-log cycle reduction) was obtained in braised veal at 600 MPa and 110°C after 300 s pressure-holding time...
2017: PloS One
Beste Özgür, Serdar Uysal, H Cem Güngör
PURPOSE: This study compared the outcome of partial pulpotomies with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium hydroxide (CH) following hemorrhage control with 2.5 percent sodium hypochlorite (SH) or 0.9 percent sterile saline (SS) solutions in cariously exposed immature permanent molars. METHODS: Following removal of two to three mm of the pulp at the exposure site, 80 Class I cavities were randomly allocated to four groups according to the hemorrhage control agent and pulp-capping material used: (1) group one-SH plus MTA; (2) group two-SS plus MTA; (3) group three-SH plus CH; (4) group four-SS plus CH...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
Pedro L P Xavier, José A Senhorini, Matheus Pereira-Santos, Takafumi Fujimoto, Eduardo Shimoda, Luciano A Silva, Silvio A Dos Santos, George S Yasui
The production of triploid yellowtail tetra Astyanax altiparanae is a key factor to obtain permanently sterile individuals by chromosome set manipulation. Flow cytometric analysis is the main tool for confirmation of the resultant triploids individuals, but very few protocols are specific for A. altiparanae species. The current study has developed a protocol to estimate DNA content in this species. Furthermore, a protocol for long-term storage of dorsal fins used for flow cytometry analysis was established...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
Heidi Collins Fantasia
In 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Essure system for permanent birth control. Implantation with this device offers a minimally invasive option for permanent female contraception that is placed during a brief office visit. Unlike laparoscopic tubal sterilization, the Essure procedure requires no hospitalization or general anesthesia, resulting in minimal recovery time. After a decade of stability in the report of adverse effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration noted a sharp increase in patient-reported adverse events, including chronic pelvic pain, irregular bleeding, allergic reactions, and autoimmune-like reactions...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
Ladawan Khowawisetsut, Patsharaporn T Sarasombath, Suwich Thammapalo, Sumart Loymek, Therayot Korbarsa, Hathai Nochote, Achinya Phuakrod, Wej Choochote, Sirichit Wongkamchai
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is one of the neglected tropical diseases which causes permanent and long term disability worldwide. LF is caused by filarial nematode parasites, i.e. Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori. All available antifilarial drugs currently being used have shown a limited adulticidal activity. Discoveries of endosymbiont rickettsia-like bacterium, Wolbachia in filarial nematodes provided a novel approach for antibiotic use in eradication of filarial diseases. The earlier studies revealed the macrofilaricidal efficacy of doxycycline against filarial nematodes...
October 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"