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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#1
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907985/effectiveness-of-training-intervention-to-improve-medical-student-s-information-literacy-skills
#2
Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda, Afsaneh Dehnad, Mahmood Yousefi
This study aimed to assess the efficiency of delivering a 4-month course of "effective literature search" among medical postgraduate students for improving information literacy skills. This was a cross-sectional study in which 90 postgraduate students were randomly selected and participated in 12 training sessions. Effective search strategies were presented and the students' attitude and competency concerning online search were measured by a pre- and post-questionnaires and skill tests. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using t-test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903952/how-readable-is-bph-treatment-information-on-the-internet-assessing-barriers-to-literacy-in-prostate-health
#3
Kevin Koo, Ronald L Yap
Information about benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has become increasingly accessible on the Internet. Though the ability to find such material is encouraging, its readability and impact on informing patient decision making are not known. To evaluate the readability of Internet-based information about BPH in the context of website ownership and Health on the Net certification, three search engines were queried daily for 1 month with BPH-related keywords. Website ownership data and Health on the Net certification status were verified...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899094/research-protocol-for-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-among-males-with-a-personal-experience-of-suicide-in-the-australian-farming-community
#4
Alison J Kennedy, Vincent Lawrence Versace, Susan A Brumby
BACKGROUND: Australian farming communities have up to twice the suicide rate of the general population. Men, particularly, demonstrate debilitating self- and perceived-stigma associated with an experience of suicide. The Ripple Effect is aimed to reduce suicide stigma within the social, cultural, geographical and psychological contexts in which it occurs. METHODS: A mixed-method design with multi-level evaluation will be effected following the development and delivery of a personalised website experience (combining shared stories, education, personal goal setting and links to resources) to farming men, aged 30-64 years, with an experience of suicide...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894901/bilingualism-yields-language-specific-plasticity-in-left-hemisphere-s-circuitry-for-learning-to-read-in-young-children
#5
K K Jasińska, M S Berens, I Kovelman, L A Petitto
How does bilingual exposure impact children's neural circuitry for learning to read? Theories of bilingualism suggests that exposure to two languages may yield a functional and neuroanatomical adaptation to support the learning of two languages (Klein et al., 2014). To test the hypothesis that this neural adaptation may vary as a function of structural and orthographic characteristics of bilinguals' two languages, we compared Spanish-English and French-English bilingual children, and English monolingual children, using functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy neuroimaging (fNIRS, ages 6-10, N = 26)...
November 25, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894219/exposure-to-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-information-and-impact-on-health-literacy-a-qualitative-study-among-newly-arrived-refugee-women-in-sweden
#6
Pia Svensson, Katarina Carlzén, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, migrants have poorer sexual and reproductive health compared to the general population. Health literacy, in the form of the cognitive and social skills enabling access to health promoting activities, is often poorer among migrants, partly due to language and cultural barriers. Culturally sensitive health education provides a strategy for enhancing health literacy. Since 2012, specially trained civic and health communicators have provided sexual and reproductive health and rights information to newly arrived refugees in Skåne, Sweden...
November 29, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892443/medication-adherence-pattern-and-factors-affecting-adherence-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy
#7
S Shakya Shrestha, M Bhandari, S R Thapa, R Shrestha, R Poudyal, B Purbey, R B Gurung
Background Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the most common chronic bacterial infection worldwide affecting approximately half of the world's population. A number of screening tests as well as complex multi-drug therapies are available for the detection and treatment of H. pylori infection. However, the optimum eradication rates of H. pylori infection can only be achieved if adherence to drug therapy is higher. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to determine the factors leading to poor adherence to obtain successful treatment outcomes...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885247/effects-of-web-based-stress-and-depression-literacy-intervention-on-improving-work-engagement-among-workers-with-low-work-engagement-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami, Kanami Tsuno, Masao Tsuchiya, Kyoko Shimada, Katsuyuki Namba, Akihito Shimazu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to examine the effects of a psychoeducational information website on improving work engagement among individual workers with low work engagement, where work engagement was measured as a secondary outcome. METHODS: Participants were recruited from registered members of a web survey site in Japan. Participants who fulfilled the eligibility criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883306/lessons-from-a-transgender-patient-for-health-care-professionals
#9
Ryan K Sallans
It is not uncommon for transgender patients to avoid sharing information about their identity and medical history with health care professionals, due to past negative experiences within health care settings. Professionals who show sensitivity to the topic and express care about health record documentation can increase a transgender patient's trust. There are many opportunities to increase transgender health literacy, including consultation, conferences, webinars, books, and articles focused on transgender health care...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882055/determinants-of-patient-delay-in-seeking-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-moroccan-women-with-cervical-cancer
#10
Fatima Ouasmani, Zaki Hanchi, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Rachid Bekkali, Samir Ahid, Abdelhalem Mesfioui
Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA-IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881122/using-wechat-official-accounts-to-improve-malaria-health-literacy-among-chinese-expatriates-in-niger-an-intervention-study
#11
Wei Li, Le Qiang Han, Yan Jun Guo, Jing Sun
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the main health risk for Chinese expatriates working in Niger. Health education is a recommended intervention for prevention of malaria among non-immune travellers and expatriate workers. It is urgent to develop an effective and feasible way for these populations to obtain information about the prevention and treatment of malaria. METHODS: An individually randomized, unblinded, controlled trial was used to evaluate the effectiveness of using WeChat official accounts for health education to improve malaria health literacy among Chinese expatriates in Niger...
November 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878674/dispensing-physicians-asymmetric-information-supplier-induced-demand-evidence-from-the-swiss-health-survey
#12
Stefan Meyer
In this paper, we apply a two-part model to estimate the effect of health literacy on the demand for physician visits under different institutional settings. Using a constructed measure of health information, we find evidence for supplier-induced demand in some parts of Switzerland. While the level of health information is uncorrelated with the likelihood of visiting a physician (contact decision), the conditional number of visits (frequency decision) depends on the individual's information status and the regulation of physician drug dispensing...
September 2016: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875175/proact-iterative-design-of-a-patient-centered-visualization-for-effective-prostate-cancer-health-risk-communication
#13
Anzu Hakone, Lane Harrison, Alvitta Ottley, Nathan Winters, Caitlin Gutheil, Paul K J Han, Remco Chang
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the US, and yet most cases represent localized cancer for which the optimal treatment is unclear. Accumulating evidence suggests that the available treatment options, including surgery and conservative treatment, result in a similar prognosis for most men with localized prostate cancer. However, approximately 90% of patients choose surgery over conservative treatment, despite the risk of severe side effects like erectile dysfunction and incontinence. Recent medical research suggests that a key reason is the lack of patient-centered tools that can effectively communicate personalized risk information and enable them to make better health decisions...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875171/vlat-development-of-a-visualization-literacy-assessment-test
#14
Sukwon Lee, Sung-Hee Kim, Bum Chul Kwon
The Information Visualization community has begun to pay attention to visualization literacy; however, researchers still lack instruments for measuring the visualization literacy of users. In order to address this gap, we systematically developed a visualization literacy assessment test (VLAT), especially for non-expert users in data visualization, by following the established procedure of test development in Psychological and Educational Measurement: (1) Test Blueprint Construction, (2) Test Item Generation, (3) Content Validity Evaluation, (4) Test Tryout and Item Analysis, (5) Test Item Selection, and (6) Reliability Evaluation...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872904/exploring-informed-consent-in-hiv-clinical-trials-a-case-study-in-uganda
#15
Agnes Ssali, Fiona Poland, Janet Seeley
INTRODUCTION: In settings with low literacy levels ensuring that participants are fully-informed before they consent to participate in clinical trials is a challenge. We explored the experiences and concerns of key actors in the informed consent process in two HIV clinical trials. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 46 respondents including trial participants, research study team and research ethics committee members about their experiences during the informed consent process...
November 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872657/a-pilot-test-of-the-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-narrative-and-non-narrative-health-education-materials-in-a-low-health-literacy-population
#16
Meghan Bridgid Moran, Lauren B Frank, Joyee S Chatterjee, Sheila T Murphy, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
Although entertainment-education narratives are increasingly being used to communicate health information to a diversity of populations, there is limited evidence examining the use of narrative health education videos in low compared with adequate health literacy populations. There are also very few studies directly comparing narrative materials to more traditional, non-narrative materials. Because individuals with low health literacy are less likely than those with adequate health literacy to benefit from health communication interventions, it is especially important to develop an evidence base supporting the use of narrative health education materials in low literacy populations...
2016: Journal of Communication in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871271/assessing-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-encounter-decision-aids-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-targeted-at-underserved-patients
#17
Shama Alam, Glyn Elwyn, Sanja Percac-Lima, Stuart Grande, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Women of low socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are less likely to be involved in treatment decisions. They tend to report higher decisional regret and poorer communication. Evidence suggests that well-designed encounter decision aids (DAs) could improve outcomes and potentially reduce healthcare disparities. Our goal was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of encounter decision aids (Option Grid, Comic Option Grid, and Picture Option Grid) adapted for a low-SES and low-literacy population...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870322/information-literacy-advocates-developing-student-skills-through-a-peer-support-approach
#18
Ruth Curtis
Since 2013/2014, an Information Literacy Advocates (ILA) scheme has been running at the University of Nottingham as an extracurricular module on the Nottingham Advantage Award programme. The Information Literacy Advocates scheme, which recruits medicine and health sciences students in their second year or above, aims to facilitate development of information literacy skills and confidence, as well as communication, organisation and teamwork, through the provision of peer support. Previous research indicates peer assistance effectively enhances such skills and is valued by fellow students who welcome the opportunity to approach more experienced students for help...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867507/creating-a-better-picture-of-chronic-pain-improving-pain-pictogram-designs-through-systematic-evaluation-of-user-responses
#19
Catherine Stones, Peter Knapp, S Jose Closs
This article discusses the challenges of visually representing pain qualities in pictogram design. An existing set of 12 pictograms designed for people with literacy problems was evaluated to understand more about misunderstandings of pictogram interpretation. Two sets of university students from different disciplines were asked to interpret the pictograms, and a novel classification system was developed to categorise answer types, as 'location', 'affective', temporal' or 'literal'. Several design recommendations are made as a result that will help improve the design of pain pictograms as a whole as well as guide designers of related pictogram work...
November 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866391/adolescent-healthcare-brokering-prevalence-experience-impact-and-opportunities
#20
Jennifer R Banas, Lisa C Wallis, James W Ball, Sarah Gershon
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy disproportionately affects those with limited English proficiency (LEP). Parents with LEP might rely on their adolescent children to interpret health information. We call this adolescent healthcare brokering. This study uncovers the prevalence of brokering, kinds of tasks, emotional and academic impact, and desired support. METHODS: We invited 165 students from health classes (in a community in which 29.8% are foreign-born and 53...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
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