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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936236/patient-oriented-health-technologies-patients-perspectives-and-use
#1
Amy M Bauer, Tessa Rue, Sean A Munson, Reza Hosseini Ghomi, Gina A Keppel, Allison M Cole, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Wayne Katon
BACKGROUND: For patient-oriented mobile health tools to contribute meaningfully to improving healthcare delivery, widespread acceptance and use of such tools by patients are critical. However, little is known about patients' attitudes toward using health technology and their willingness to share health data with providers. AIMS: To investigate primary care patients' comfort sharing health information through mobile devices, and patients' awareness and use of patient portals...
August 2017: Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936235/health-literacy-and-atrial-fibrillation-relevance-and-future-directions-for-patient-centred-care
#2
Konstantinos N Aronis, Brittany Edgar, Wendy Lin, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Jared W Magnani
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia with significant clinical outcomes, and is associated with high medical and social costs. AF is complicated for patients because of its specialised terminology, long-term adherence, symptom monitoring, referral to specialty care, array of potential interventions and potential for adversity. Health literacy is a frequently under-recognised, yet fundamental, component towards successful care in AF. Health literacy is defined as the capacity to obtain, process and understand health information, and has had markedly limited study in AF...
2017: European Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936229/determinants-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-by-mothers-in-two-rural-districts-of-sindh-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Ubaidullah Khan, Atif Habib, Muhammad Umer, Zamir Suhag, Imtiaz Hussain, Zaid Bhatti, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Ali Ahmad Khan, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Mohammad Imran Khan, Sajid Soofi
BACKGROUND: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices during the first two years of life are important for the growth and development of a child. The aim of this study was to assess IYCF practices and its associated factors in two rural districts of Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Sindh province, Pakistan as part of a stunting prevention project between May and August 2014. A standard questionnaire on IYCF practices recommended by World Health Organization was used to collect information from 2013 mothers who had a child aged between 0 and 23 months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936189/psychometric-properties-of-language-assessments-for-children-aged-4-12-years-a-systematic-review
#4
Deborah Denman, Renée Speyer, Natalie Munro, Wendy M Pearce, Yu-Wei Chen, Reinie Cordier
Introduction: Standardized assessments are widely used by speech pathologists in clinical and research settings to evaluate the language abilities of school-aged children and inform decisions about diagnosis, eligibility for services and intervention. Given the significance of these decisions, it is important that assessments have sound psychometric properties. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the psychometric quality of currently available comprehensive language assessments for school-aged children and identify assessments with the best evidence for use...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936111/agile-development-of-a-smartphone-app-for-perinatal-monitoring-in-a-resource-constrained-setting
#5
Boris Martinez, Rachel Hall-Clifford, Enma Coyote, Lisa Stroux, Camilo E Valderrama, Christopher Aaron, Aaron Francis, Cate Hendren, Peter Rohloff, Gari D Clifford
Technology provides the potential to empower frontline healthcare workers with low levels of training and literacy, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. An obvious platform for achieving this aim is the smartphone, a low cost, almost ubiquitous device with good supply chain infrastructure and a general cultural acceptance for its use. In particular, the smartphone offers the opportunity to provide augmented or procedural information through active audiovisual aids to illiterate or untrained users, as described in this article...
2017: Journal of Health Informatics in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931385/internet-use-ehealth-literacy-and-attitudes-toward-computer-internet-among-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-two-distant-european-regions
#6
Christina Athanasopoulou, Maritta Välimäki, Katerina Koutra, Eliisa Löttyniemi, Antonios Bertsias, Maria Basta, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders use the Internet for general and health-related purposes. Their ability to find, understand, and apply the health information they acquire online in order to make appropriate health decisions - known as eHealth literacy - has never been investigated. The European agenda strives to limit health inequalities and enhance mental health literacy. Nevertheless, each European member state varies in levels of Internet use and online health information-seeking...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929864/the-role-of-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-in-understanding-the-uptake-of-hiv-prevention-services-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Alvin J Rucker, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Patrick A Wilson
We examined factors that may be associated with whether Black men who have sex with men a) disclose their sexual orientation to healthcare providers, and b) discuss their sexual health with healthcare providers to inform interventions to improve HIV prevention efforts and reduce HIV incidence rates among Black men who have sex with men. During 2011-2012, we conducted semi-structured individual in-depth interviews with Black men who have sex with men in New York City. Interviews were audio recorded. We examined transcribed responses for main themes using a qualitative exploratory approach followed by computer-assisted thematic analyses...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925855/to-share-or-not-to-share-a-cross-sectional-study-on-health-information-sharing-and-its-determinants-among-chinese-rural-chronic-patients
#8
Hang Fu, Dong Dong, Da Feng, Zhifei He, Shangfeng Tang, Qian Fu, Zhanchun Feng
To examine the determinants of the health information sharing among rural Chinese chronic patients. Two large population-based surveys in rural China were carried out from July 2011 to April 2012. Data used in this study were second hand and sorted out from the two previous databases. A binary logistic regression analysis was employed to discover the impact of demographic characteristics, level of health literacy, and other factors on respondents' health information sharing behavior. Among the total 1,324 participants, 63...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#9
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923492/rationale-and-design-of-the-atrial-fibrillation-health-literacy-information-technology-trial-af-litt
#10
Emily N Guhl, Courtney L Schlusser, Lori E Henault, Timothy W Bickmore, Everlyne Kimani, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Jared W Magnani
BACKGROUND: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that is challenging for patients and adversely impacts health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Long-term management of AF requires that patients adhere to complex therapies, understand difficult terminology, navigate subspecialty care, and have continued symptom monitoring with the goal of preventing adverse outcomes. Continued interventions to ameliorate the patient experience of AF are essential. DESIGN: The Atrial Fibrillation health Literacy Information Technology Trial (AF-LITT; NCT03093558) is an investigator-initiated, 2-arm randomized clinical trial (RCT)...
September 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918381/assessing-decisional-capacity-for-research-participation-in-psychiatric-patients-and-their-relatives
#11
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
A cross-sectional study among adult inpatients with non-organic psychiatric disorders, and among their key relatives, assessed their comprehension and recall of key information in consent forms. It also assessed their capacity to consent to participate in two hypothetical randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with different potential risks and burdens, using structured questionnaires and recorded interviews. Of the 24 participants (12 patient-key relative dyads), seven patients (58%) and three key relatives (25%) were clinically judged to lack the capacity to consent...
August 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#12
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915814/mediation-effects-of-medication-information-processing-and-adherence-on-association-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life
#13
Sunmi Song, Seung-Mi Lee, Sunmee Jang, Yoon Jin Lee, Na-Hyun Kim, Hye-Ryoung Sohn, Dong-Churl Suh
BACKGROUND: To examine whether medication related information processing defined as reading of over-the-counter drug labels, understanding prescription instructions, and information seeking-and medication adherence account for the association between health literacy and quality of life, and whether these associations may be moderated by age and gender. METHODS: A sample of 305 adults in South Korea was recruited through a proportional quota sampling to take part in a cross-sectional survey on health literacy, medication-related information processing, medication adherence, and quality of life...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#14
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905727/-teach-to-goal-to-better-assess-informed-consent-comprehension-among-incarcerated-clinical-research-participants
#15
Cyrus Ahalt, Rebecca Sudore, Marielle Bolano, Lia Metzger, Anna M Darby, Brie Williams
Correctional health research requires important safeguards to ensure that research participation is ethically conducted. In addition to having disproportionately low educational attainment and low literacy, incarcerated people suffer from health-related conditions that can affect cognition (e.g., traumatic brain injury, substance use disorders, mental illness). Yet modified informed consent processes that assess participants' comprehension of the risks and benefits of participation are not required by relevant federal guidelines...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901159/health-information-preferences-of-parents-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#16
Adam M Drent, David C Brousseau, Andrea K Morrison
Parents of children seeking nonurgent care in the emergency department completed surveys concerning media use and preferences for health education material. Results were compiled using descriptive statistics, compared by health literacy level with logistic regression, adjusting for race/ethnicity and income. Semistructured qualitative interviews to elicit reasons for preferences, content preference, and impact of health information were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. Surveys (n = 71) showed that despite equal access to online health information, parents with low health literacy were more likely to use the internet less frequently than daily ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900457/comprehensibility-of-selected-united-states-pharmacopeia-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-ii
#17
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Conveying information to patients on how to use medications at the dispensing sessions and retention of this information by the patients is essential to the good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the comprehensibility of the selected three potentially usable pictograms by five groups of subjects who had different levels of literacy in both before and after mini educational sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine experienced pharmacists selected three potentially usable pictograms in Isfahan pharmacies: Pictograms D through F representing respectively: "do not take medication during pregnancy," "keep medication in the refrigerator," and "take medication with plenty of water...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891117/the-sleeping-patterns-of-head-start-children-and-the-influence-on-developmental-outcomes
#19
M Schlieber, J Han
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a significant influence on children's development. The objective of this study was to investigate Head Start children's sleeping patterns and the impact on cognitive and behavioural outcomes. METHODS: Using the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (N = 2,868), information on sleeping patterns was assessed through parent interviews. Cognitive outcomes were assessed using direct assessments (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV, the Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, and Subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III) in addition to teacher report...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884617/strengths-and-gaps-in-physicians-risk-communication-a-scenario-study-of-the-influence-of-numeracy-on-cancer-screening-communication
#20
Dafina Petrova, Olga Kostopoulou, Brendan C Delaney, Edward T Cokely, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
OBJECTIVE: Many patients have low numeracy, which impedes their understanding of important information about health (e.g., benefits and harms of screening). We investigated whether physicians adapt their risk communication to accommodate the needs of patients with low numeracy, and how physicians' own numeracy influences their understanding and communication of screening statistics. METHODS: UK family physicians ( N = 151) read a description of a patient seeking advice on cancer screening...
September 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
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