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Information literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333577/prostate-cancer-patients-understanding-of-the-gleason-scoring-system-implications-for-shared-decision-making
#1
Erin K Tagai, Suzanne M Miller, Alexander Kutikov, Michael A Diefenbach, Ronak A Gor, Tahseen Al-Saleem, David Y T Chen, Sara Fleszar, Gem Roy
The Gleason scoring system is a key component of a prostate cancer diagnosis, since it indicates disease aggressiveness. It also serves as a risk communication tool that facilitates shared treatment decision-making. However, the system is highly complex and therefore difficult to communicate: factors which have been shown to undermine well-informed and high-quality shared treatment decision-making. To systematically explore prostate cancer patients' understanding of the Gleason scoring system (GSS), we assessed knowledge and perceived importance among men who had completed treatment (N = 50)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327995/the-impact-of-library-tutorials-on-the-information-literacy-skills-of-occupational-therapy-and-physical-therapy-students-in-an-evidence-based-practice-course-a-rubric-assessment
#2
April J Schweikhard, Toni Hoberecht, Alyssa Peterson, Ken Randall
This study measures how online library instructional tutorials implemented into an evidence-based practice course have impacted the information literacy skills of occupational and physical therapy graduate students. Through a rubric assessment of final course papers, this study compares differences in students' search strategies and cited sources pre- and post-implementation of the tutorials. The population includes 180 randomly selected graduate students from before and after the library tutorials were introduced into the course curriculum...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315948/a-patient-specific-approach-to-developing-an-exclusion-diet-to-manage-food-allergy-in-infants-and-children
#3
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch, Merryn Netting, Rosan Meyer
Food allergy is becoming increasingly common in infants and young children. This paper set out to explain the different factors that should be taken into account during an individualized allergy consultation: Foods to avoid and degree of avoidance, suitable alternatives, self-management skills, co-and cross-reactive allergens and novel allergens alongside the role of the industry in allergen avoidance, importance of nutritional aspects of the diet and the future directions that nutritional guidance make take...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315777/parental-education-and-family-income-affect-birth-weight-early-longitudinal-growth-and-body-mass-index-development-differently
#4
Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan Mårild
AIM: This study investigated the effects of two parental socioeconomic characteristics, education and income, on the growth and obesity risks of children from birth to eight years of age. METHODS: Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socioeconomic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height were compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income. RESULTS: Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from four years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy...
January 7, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314862/exploring-the-utility-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-as-a-population-health-surveillance-indicator-for-children-and-youth-an-international-analysis-of-results-from-the-20-m-shuttle-run-test
#5
Justin J Lang
Emerging evidence has demonstrated the strong link between cardiorespiratory fitness and multiple aspects of health (i.e., physiological, physical, psychosocial, cognitive), independent of physical activity, among school-aged children and youth. Cardiorespiratory fitness is a trait that does not vary substantially from day-to-day, and provides an indication of recent physical activity levels, making it an important possible indicator of population health. Thus, the objective of this dissertation was to investigate the utility of cardiorespiratory fitness, measured using the 20-m shuttle run test, as a broad, holistic health indicator for population health surveillance among children and youth...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313795/how-do-health-professionals-acknowledge-web-based-knowledge-in-pregnancy-consultations
#6
Eva Haukeland Fredriksen, Karen Marie Moland, Janet Harris
Web-sites for pregnancy health are an important source of information for pregnant women, but how different cadres of health professionals value and utilize pregnant women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations is not well understood. Using a qualitative research design and pelvic girdle pain as a tracer condition, we explored how Norwegian doctors, midwives and physiotherapists manage women`s e-health literacy and Web-based knowledge in pregnancy consultations. The recognition of pregnant women's eHealth literacy and Web- based knowledge differed across professional groups and produced dismissive, reactive and proactive attitudes depending on time pressure, professional identity and internet experience...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313299/websites-on-bladder-cancer-an-appropriate-source-of-patient-information
#7
Johannes Salem, Pia Paffenholz, Christian Bolenz, Melanie von Brandenstein, Angelika Cebulla, Axel Haferkamp, Timur Kuru, Cheryl T Lee, David Pfister, Igor Tsaur, Hendrik Borgmann, Axel Heidenreich
A growing number of patients search for health information online. An early investigation of websites about bladder cancer (BCa) revealed mostly incomplete and particularly inaccurate information. We analyzed the quality, readability, and popularity of the most frequented websites on BCa. An Internet search on www.google.com was performed for the term "bladder cancer." After selecting the most frequented websites for patient information, HONcode quality certification, Alexa popularity rank, and readability scores (according to US grade levels) were investigated...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310613/efficacy-of-a-telephone-outcall-program-to-reduce-caregiver-burden-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-protect-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Leila Heckel, Kate M Fennell, John Reynolds, Anna Boltong, Mari Botti, Richard H Osborne, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jacquie Chirgwin, Melinda Williams, Cadeyrn J Gaskin, David M Ashley, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers provide extended support to people with cancer but they receive little support from the health care system to assist them in their caring role. The aim of this single-blind, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial was to test the efficacy of a telephone outcall program to reduce caregiver burden and unmet needs, and improve psychological well-being among cancer caregivers, as well as evaluating the potential impact on patient outcomes. METHODS: Cancer patient/caregiver dyads (N = 216) were randomised to a telephone outcall program (n = 108) or attention control group (n = 108)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308944/health-literacy-levels-and-views-about-being-invited-to-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-program
#9
Johanna Wangmar, Anna Jervaeus, Kaisa Fritzell, Josefin Wångdahl, Rolf Hultcrantz, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: Sweden has not yet implemented a national screening program for colorectal cancer, but a nationwide study is ongoing; the Screening of Swedish Colons (SCREESCO). Previous research shows that the use of health care services, together with several health-related outcomes, is associated with an individual's level of health literacy. However, the relation between health literacy and participation in colorectal cancer screening has produced varying results reported within the few studies addressing this issue and therefore, further research is warranted...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308705/predictors-of-empowerment-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Hamdiye Arda Sürücü, Dilek Büyükkaya Besen
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that has reached pandemic proportions. In Turkey, the frequency of diabetes in individuals aged 20 years or older has been reported to be 13.7% compared with the worldwide prevalence of 8.5%. Empowerment has been correlated with improvement in diabetic self-management capabilities and glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of "empowerment" in individuals with type 2 diabetes from Turkey. METHOD: This was a secondary analysis with a cross-sectional correlation design using stepwise linear regression to evaluate previously collected data from 220 type 2 diabetic individuals in Turkey from January through July 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305064/cardiac-patients-experiences-with-a-telerehabilitation-web-portal-implications-for-ehealth-literacy
#11
Camilla Melholt, Katrine Joensson, Helle Spindler, John Hansen, Jan Jesper Andreasen, Gitte Nielsen, Astrid Noergaard, Anita Tracey, Charlotte Thorup, Rikke Kringelholt, Birthe Irene Dinesen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are two-fold: 1) To explore how cardiac patients experience their use of a telerehabilitation tool for recuperation from surgery, and 2) To study how the patients' use of the interactive 'Active Heart' web portal affected their eHealth literacy skills. METHODS: The 'Active Heart' telerehabilitation web portal offers patients and their relatives information and exercises for recovery from cardiac surgery. 109 cardiac patients were using the Active Heart web portal for a duration of three months...
December 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294522/-health-literacy-level-and-influence-factors-of-occupational-population-in-one-province
#12
X Yang, C X Zhao, S Li, F Z Chen, J G Li
Objective: To understand health literacy (HL) status of occupational population in work place and provide the basis of developing for HL standards and specific intervention strategies. Methods: Being selected by stratified cluster sampling, 3507 employees in 13 companies wthin Hebei Province were investigated by questionnaire. Results: The survey was conducted with 3507 questionnaires, the valid rate was about 97.83%. There were a total of 2629 men (76.62%) and 802 women (23.38%) . The overall level of HL was 32...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287948/readability-of-the-most-commonly-accessed-arthroscopy-related-online-patient-education-materials
#13
Sheriff D Akinleye, Ryan Krochak, Nicholas Richardson, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Orry Erez
PURPOSE: To assess the readability and comprehension of written text by the most commonly visited websites containing patient education materials on common conditions that can be treated arthroscopically. METHODS: We examined 50 websites, assessed independently by 2 orthopaedic surgery residents (S.A. and G.G.), with educational materials on 5 common conditions treated by arthroscopic surgeons: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear, meniscus tear, hip labral tear, shoulder labral tear, and rotator cuff tear...
December 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287850/readability-of-online-patient-education-materials-for-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#14
Deborah X Xie, Ray Y Wang, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the readability of online and mobile application health information about velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). METHODS: Top website and mobile application results for search terms "velopharyngeal insufficiency", "velopharyngeal dysfunction", "VPI", and "VPD" were analyzed. Readability was determined using 10 algorithms with Readability Studio Professional Edition (Oleander Software Ltd; Vandalia, OH). Subgroup analysis was performed based on search term and article source - academic hospital, general online resource, peer-reviewed journal, or professional organization...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285785/associations-between-health-literacy-hiv-related-knowledge-and-information-behavior-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#15
Samantha Stonbraker, Arlene Smaldone, Heidi Luft, Linda F Cushman, Leonel Lerebours Nadal, Mina Halpern, Elaine Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the health literacy levels of persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) at a health clinic in the Dominican Republic (DR) and assess associations between health literacy, HIV-related knowledge, and health information behavior (how patients need, seek, receive, and use information). DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional, descriptive. Participants were 107 PLWH attending the Clinic. MEASURES: A theoretically based, 64-item survey assessing information behavior and HIV-related knowledge was administered in Spanish through individual interviews...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283040/-just-say-it-like-it-is-use-of-a-community-based-participatory-approach-to-develop-a-technology-driven-food-literacy-program-for-adolescents
#16
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
FuelUp&Go! is a technology-driven food literacy program consisting of six in-person skill building sessions as well as fitness trackers, text messages, and a companion website. A community-based participatory research approach was used with adolescents who were recruited to participate in a Kid Council. Qualitative data were collected about the use of surveys, program activities, recipes, technology and text messages, and music and incentives. Changes suggested by Kid Councilmembers informed the design and development of a pilot program...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277347/adherence-to-blood-pressure-and-glucose-recommendations-in-chronic-kidney-disease-hospital-inpatients-clinical-inertia-and-patient-adherence
#17
Fergus William Gardiner, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
AIMS: To determine the extent to which targets for blood pressure (BP) (<140.90 mmHg) and random blood glucose level (BGL) (<7.7 mmol/L) control in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are achieved; and the extent clinical inertia affects BP and glucose control in CKD and diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Data was collected from the 1st January 2015 until 31st December 2015 on key patient pathology, admission reason, final discharge diagnosis, and information concerning clinical guideline adherence...
December 16, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276627/patient-and-public-involvement-in-health-literacy-interventions-a-mapping-review
#18
Stephanie Howard Wilsher, Julii Brainard, Yoon Loke, Charlotte Salter
Plain English summary: If people can read, understand and act on health information to better their health and reduce illness, they are thought to have "adequate" health literacy. Poor health literacy can mean people are less able to access health care and manage their health. Health literacy tends to worsen as adults get older, and is especially poor in adults age 65 and over. Ideally, health literacy interventions target people before age 65, to establish good skills and habits before people have many health problems associated with ageing...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276306/early-home-literacy-and-adolescents-online-reading-behavior-in-comparative-perspective
#19
Natascha Notten, Birgit Becker
Online reading behavior can be regarded as a 'new' form of cultural capital in today's digital world. However, it is unclear whether 'traditional' mechanisms of cultural and social reproduction are also found in this domain, and whether they manifest uniformly across countries at different stages of development. This article analyzes whether the early home literacy environment has an impact on informational online reading behavior among adolescents and whether this association varies between countries with different levels of digitalization and educational expansion...
December 2017: International Journal of Comparative Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273956/interventions-are-needed-to-support-patient-provider-decision-making-for-dcis-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Claire Kim, Laurel Liang, Frances C Wright, Nicole J Look Hong, Gary Groot, Lucy Helyer, Pamela Meiers, May Lynn Quan, Robin Urquhart, Rebecca Warburton, Anna R Gagliardi
PURPOSE: Prognostic and treatment uncertainty make ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) complex to manage. The purpose of this study was to describe research that evaluated DCIS communication experiences, needs and interventions among DCIS patients or physicians. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2017. English language studies that evaluated patient or physician DCIS needs, experiences or behavioural interventions were eligible...
December 23, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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