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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329840/a-multi-faceted-approach-to-promote-comprehension-of-online-health-information-among-older-adults
#1
Jessie Chin, Darcie D Moeller, Jessica Johnson, Elise A G Duwe, James F Graumlich, Michael D Murray, Daniel G Morrow
Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identified passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages)...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329829/-end-of-life-care-i-m-not-going-to-worry-about-that-yet-health-literacy-gaps-and-end-of-life-planning-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#2
Keren Ladin, Katie Buttafarro, Emily Hahn, Susan Koch-Weser, Daniel E Weiner
Purpose: Between 2000 and 2012, the incident dialysis population in the United States increased by nearly 60%, most sharply among adults 75 years and older. End-of-life (EOL) conversations among dialysis patients are associated with better patient-centered outcomes and lower use of aggressive interventions in the last month of life. This study examined how health literacy may affect engagement, comprehension, and satisfaction with EOL conversations among elderly dialysis patients. Design and Methods: Qualitative/descriptive study with semi-structured interviews about health literacy, EOL conversations, and goals of care with 31 elderly dialysis patients at 2 centers in Boston...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323546/understanding-the-relationships-between-mhealth-apps-characteristics-trialability-and-mhealth-literacy
#3
Trisha T C Lin, John Robert Bautista
The widespread adoption of mobile phones has increased the potential of mHealth to improve health communication and health outcomes because these devices could serve as a ubiquitous and affordable means to disseminate health information to large populations. Given that mHealth apps offer free or limited trials as part of promotional strategies, potential users' trialability is a critical step of the preadoption process. Drawing from Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, this study examines the relationships of adopters' perceived characteristics of mHealth apps (i...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321649/adolescent-participation-in-hpv-vaccine-clinical-trials-are-parents-willing
#4
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
Approximately one-quarter of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are acquired by adolescents, with a higher burden among racial/ethnic minorities. However, racial/ethnic minorities have been underrepresented in previous HPV vaccine trials. Ongoing and future HPV vaccine optimization trials would benefit from racially- and ethnically-diverse sample of adolescent trial participants. This study examined factors influencing parental willingness to consent to their adolescents' participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials and tested for possible racial differences...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320476/developing-and-evaluating-rare-disease-educational-materials-co-created-by-expert-clinicians-and-patients-the-paradigm-of-congenital-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#5
Corin Badiu, Marco Bonomi, Ivan Borshchevsky, Martine Cools, Margarita Craen, Cristina Ghervan, Michael Hauschild, Eli Hershkovitz, Erik Hrabovszky, Anders Juul, Soo-Hyun Kim, Phillip Kumanov, Beatriz Lecumberri, Manuel C Lemos, Vassos Neocleous, Marek Niedziela, Sandra Pekic Djurdjevic, Luca Persani, Franziska Phan-Hug, Duarte Pignatelli, Nelly Pitteloud, Vera Popovic, Richard Quinton, Nicos Skordis, Neil Smith, Magdalena Avbelj Stefanija, Cheng Xu, Jacques Young, Andrew A Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with rare diseases face health disparities and are often challenged to find accurate information about their condition. We aimed to use the best available evidence and community partnerships to produce patient education materials for congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) and the olfacto-genital (Kallmann) syndrome (i.e., CHH and defective sense of smell), and to evaluate end-user acceptability. Expert clinicians, researchers and patients co-created the materials in a multi-step process...
March 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296227/health-literacy-in-the-urgent-care-setting-what-factors-impact-consumer-comprehension-of-health-information
#6
Traci L Alberti, Nancy J Morris
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of Americans are using urgent care (UC) clinics due to: improved health insurance coverage, the need to decrease cost, primary care offices with limited appointment availability, and a desire for convenient care. Patients are treated by providers they may not know for episodic illness or injuries while in pain or not feeling well. Treatment instructions and follow-up directions are provided quickly. PURPOSE: To examine health literacy in the adult UC population and identify patient characteristics associated with health literacy risk...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#7
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289853/information-mismatch-cancer-risk-counseling-with-diverse-underserved-patients
#8
Galen Joseph, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Claudia Guerra, Janice Ka Yan Cheng
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream Medicine, these advances have the potential to reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Gaps in effective communication (where all parties share the same meaning) are widely recognized as a major contributor to health disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine GC-patient communication in real time, to assess its effectiveness from the patient perspective, and then to pilot intervention strategies to improve the communication. We observed 64 English-, 35 Spanish- and 25 Chinese-speaking (n = 124) public hospital patients and 10 GCs in 170 GC appointments, and interviewed 49 patients who were offered testing using the audio recordings to stimulate recall and probe specific aspects of the communication...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288954/content-usability-and-utilization-of-plain-language-in-breast-cancer-mobile-phone-apps-a-systematic-analysis
#9
Tamar Ginossar, Sayyed Fawad Ali Shah, Andrew J West, Joshua M Bentley, Charlene A Caburnay, Matthew W Kreuter, Anita Y Kinney
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the leading contributors to preventable illness and death among women. Although mobile phone apps provide unprecedented opportunity to engage women along the cancer continuum, little is known about the availability, content, and usability of breast cancer mobile phone apps. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the content and adherence to literate design standards of all breast cancer-related apps available on the App Store and Google Play, as well as the relationship between their content, user ratings, and price...
March 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288953/impact-of-social-processes-in-online-health-communities-on-patient-empowerment-in-relationship-with-the-physician-emergence-of-functional-and-dysfunctional-empowerment
#10
Gregor Petrič, Sara Atanasova, Tanja Kamin
BACKGROUND: Substantial research demonstrates the importance of online health communities (OHCs) for patient empowerment, although the impact on the patient-physician relationship is understudied. Patient empowerment also occurs in relationship with the physician, but studies of OHCs mostly disregard this. The question also remains about the nature and consequences of this empowerment, as it might be based on the limited validity of some information in OHCs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social processes in OHCs (information exchange with users and health professional moderators, social support, finding meaning, and self-expressing) on functional and dysfunctional patient empowerment in relationship with the physician (PERP)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288596/needles-jabs-and-jags-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-child-and-adult-immunisation-uptake-among-gypsies-travellers-and-roma
#11
Cath Jackson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith, Lisa Dyson
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286593/instructions-for-masking-the-taste-of-medication-for-children-validation-of-a-pictogram-tool
#12
Régis Vaillancourt, Yen Truong, Shazya Karmali, Amanda Kraft, Selina Manji, Gilda Villarreal, Annie Pouliot
BACKGROUND: Medications that taste unpleasant can be a struggle to administer to children, most often resulting in low adherence rates. Pictograms can be useful tools to improve adherence by conveying information to patients in a way that they will understand. METHODS: One-on-one structured interviews were conducted with parents/guardians and with children between the ages of 9 and 17 years at a pediatric hospital. The questionnaire evaluated the comprehension of 12 pictogram sets that described how to mask the taste of medications for children...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#13
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281091/accuracy-and-readability-of-websites-on-kidney-and-bladder-cancers
#14
Samy A Azer, Maha M Alghofaili, Rana M Alsultan, Najla S Alrumaih
The aim of this study was to assess the scientific accuracy and the readability level of websites on kidney and bladder cancers. The search engines Google™, Yahoo™ and Bing™ were searched independently by assessors in November 2014 using the following keywords: "bladder cancer", "kidney cancer", "patient bladder cancer", "patient kidney cancer" and "bladder and kidney cancer". Only English-language websites were selected on the bases of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Assessors independently reviewed the findings and evaluated the accuracy and quality of each website by using the DISCERN and the LIDA instruments...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#15
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277260/transitioning-a-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-program-to-blended-learning-successes-challenges-outcomes
#16
Laurie Posey, Christine Pintz
To help address the challenges of providing undergraduate nursing education in an accelerated time frame, the Teaching and Transforming through Technology (T3) project was funded to transition a second-degree ABSN program to a blended learning format. The project has explored the use of blended learning to: enable flexible solutions to support teaching goals and address course challenges; provide students with new types of independent learning activities outside of the traditional classroom; increase opportunities for active learning in the classroom; and improve students' digital literacy and lifelong learning skills...
October 18, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277088/do-changes-in-socio-demographic-characteristics-impact-up-to-date-immunization-status-between-3-and-24-months-of-age-a-prospective-study-among-an-inner-city-birth-cohort-in-the-united-states
#17
Susmita Pati, Jiayu Huang, Angie Wong, Zeinab Baba, Svetlana Ostapenko, Alexander G Fiks, Avital Cnaan
INTRODUCTION: Low-income child populations remain under-vaccinated. Our objective was to determine differences in the relative importance of maternal health literacy and socio-demographic characteristics that often change during early childhood on up-to-date (UTD) immunization status among a low-income population. METHODS: We performed secondary data analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study of 744 Medicaid-eligible mother-infant dyads recruited at the time of the infant's birth from an inner-city hospital in the United States and surveyed every 6 months for 24 months...
February 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277021/the-chinese-and-korean-american-immigrant-experience-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-facilitators-and-barriers-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#18
Mary Y Jung, Cheryl L Holt, Diane Ng, Hwa J Sim, Xiaoxiao Lu, Daisy Le, Hee-Soon Juon, Jun Li, Sunmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: Among Asian Americans, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite strong evidence that screening can reduce CRC-related mortality, fewer Chinese and Koreans receive screening as compared to non-Hispanic whites and blacks. The objective of this study was to examine facilitators and barriers as well as strategies to promote CRC screening in this population. DESIGN: This study employed a mixed-methods design. We conducted 17 key informant interviews and 12 focus groups in the Washington, D...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275997/caring-by-numbers-evaluation-of-inconsistencies-and-incompleteness-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-ethnic-data
#19
Beth Marie Hartzler, Angela Snyder
Significant health disparities throughout the lifespan have long been evident within the American, non-White population. These differences include increased incidence of infant mortality, childhood hospitalization, diabetes, mental and behavioral health problems, cardiovascular disease, and late-stage cancer diagnoses. These types of disparities could be addressed by identifying those individuals at greatest risk for chronic disease or higher mortality rates and improving their health literacy and access to care...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270870/readability-of-healthcare-literature-for-gastroparesis-and-evaluation-of-medical-terminology-in-reading-difficulty
#20
Andrew Meillier, Shyam Patel
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a chronic condition that can be further enhanced with patient understanding. Patients' education resources on the Internet have become increasingly important in improving healthcare literacy. We evaluated the readability of online resources for gastroparesis and the influence by medical terminology. METHODS: Google searches were performed for "gastroparesis", "gastroparesis patient education material" and "gastroparesis patient information"...
February 2017: Gastroenterology Research
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