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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771469/health-literacy-in-pressure-injury-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-of-community-based-patients-and-carers
#1
Lisa A Durrant, James Taylor, Helen Thompson, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The present study, drawn from a larger mixed-methods case study, provides insights into the health literacy of community-based patients with pressure injuries, and their carers, and critically analyzes the patient information resources available; crucial because health literacy is associated with patient care and outcomes for patients. Two datasets were used to better understand patient literacy in relation to pressure injury: (i) narratives from patients and carers; and (ii) analysis of patient education resources...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770627/knowledge-attitude-practice-and-barriers-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-living-in-mid-western-rural-nepal
#2
Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Marcia A Petrini, Rajiv Shah, Swati Shah, Narayani Maharjan, Navin Shrestha, Hongbing Cai
OBJECTIVE: To find out the knowledge, attitude, practice, and barriers of cervical cancer screening in mid-western rural, Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Women aged 20 or more were interviewed using a structured questionnaire regarding the socio-demographic information, knowledge, attitude, practice, and barriers to the cervical cancer screening. RESULTS: Total of 360 participants were recruited for this study, mean age was 30...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768668/assessing-the-effects-of-information-about-global-population-growth-on-risk-perceptions-and-support-for-mitigation-and-prevention-strategies
#3
Ian G J Dawson
The human population is forecast to increase by 3-4 billion people during this century and many scientists have expressed concerns that this could increase the likelihood of certain adverse events (e.g., climate change and resource shortages). Recent research shows that these concerns are mirrored in public risk perceptions and that these perceptions correlate with a willingness to adopt mitigation behaviors (e.g., reduce resource consumption) and preventative actions (e.g., support actions to limit growth)...
May 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766464/women-s-preferences-for-birthing-hospital-in-denmark-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#4
Nasrin Tayyari Dehbarez, Morten Raun Mørkbak, Dorte Gyrd-Hansen, Niels Uldbjerg, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND: Free choice of hospital has been introduced in many healthcare systems to accommodate patient preferences and incentivize hospitals to compete; however, little is known about what patients actually prefer. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed women's preferences for birthing hospital in Denmark by quantifying the utility and trade-offs of hospital attributes. METHODS: We conducted a discrete-choice experiment survey with 12 hypothetical scenarios in which women had to choose between three hospitals characterized by five attributes: continuity of midwifery care, availability of a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), hospital services offered, level of specialization to handle rare events, and travel time...
May 16, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765571/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-knowledge-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-isfahan-province-iran
#5
Fateme Chajaee, Asiyeh Pirzadeh, Akbar Hasanzadeh, Firoozeh Mostafavi
Background: Hypertension is usually symptomless, and is not seriously attended until it causes some chronic complications. Individuals' skills in understanding and applying information about health subjects may have a substantial impact on patients' behavior and health. Objective: to determine the relationship between health literacy and knowledge among patients with hypertension in Isfahan province, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 700 patients with hypertension selected according to multistage random and quota types in Isfahan province (Iran)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765570/relationship-between-self-care-behaviors-and-health-literacy-among-elderly-women-in-iran-2015
#6
Mehrsadat Mahdizadeh, Mahnaz Solhi
Background and aim: Self-care is a basic concept in health promotion, regarding the importance of health literacy as a key factor in self-care. This study aimed to identify the relationship between self-care behaviors and health literacy among elderly women in Iran. Methods: This descriptive and analytic study was performed between October and December 2015. A total of 360 participants were selected from elderly women referred to health centers. Data was collected by test of functional health literacy in adults (S-TOFHLA) and a checklist for assessment of self-care behaviors, and health information seeking...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764638/health-literacy-of-student-pharmacists
#7
Cheyenne Newsome, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Jessica Conklin, Gretchen Ray
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels of doctorate of pharmacy students. A secondary objective was to determine if a correlation exists between age, degree prior to pharmacy school, work experience, and health literacy status among these students. METHODS: Participants were first year doctorate of pharmacy students at an accredited college of pharmacy in the Southwestern United States. The design was cross-sectional...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764172/developing-compassionate-communities-in-australia-through-collective-caregiving-a-qualitative-study-exploring-network-centred-care-and-the-role-of-the-end-of-life-sector
#8
Debbie Horsfall
BACKGROUND: The new public health palliative care movement calls for a move away from an individualised model of caregiving to a whole of community approach which will increase expectations on community carers. In order to avoid carer isolation, exploitation and potential burnout there is then a very real need to understand environments and relationships which support collective community caregiving. In this research we explored in-home caring networks to understand if and how network centred care supports carers of the dying while developing a whole of community approach...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#9
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758172/electronic-informed-consent-to-facilitate-recruitment-of-pregnant-women-into-research
#10
Julia C Phillippi, Jennifer K Doersam, Jeremy L Neal, Christianne L Roumie
Methods to obtain informed consent digitally or electronically may increase the participation of racially and geographically diverse pregnant women in prospective research, which is essential to improve the evidence base for maternity care. We evaluated the feasibility and utility of e-consent in the first year of a multiyear clinical trial involving pregnant women. Of the 86 women screened, 71 were eligible, 65 (93% of eligible) agreed to review the e-consent form, and 61 (86% of eligible) completed the e-consent process...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757928/understanding-of-information-about-medicines-use-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-in-serbia-parental-pharmacotherapy-literacy-questionnaire-pthl-sr
#11
Stana Ubavić, Nataša Bogavac-Stanojević, Aleksandra Jović-Vraneš, Dušanka Krajnović
Parental health literacy plays an important role in children’s health, Experiences from pharmacy practice show that is necessary to check if parents understand instructions about use of medicines for children. This study aimed to assess pharmacotherapy literacy of parents of pre-school children and to examine association of parental pharmacotherapy literacy level with parent’s socio-demographic characteristics. The study was cross-sectional, conducted among parents of pre-school children (1⁻7 years of age), in kindergartens in several municipalities of Belgrade, Serbia, during regular parents meetings, from May to October 2016...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754593/comparison-of-health-literacy-in-privately-insured-and-public-hospital-orthopaedic-patients
#12
Filip Cosic, Tabitha Porter, Cameron Norsworthy, Rohan Price, Harvinder Bedi
Objective The aim of the present study was to quantify and compare patient health literacy between privately insured and public orthopaedic patients. Methods As part of the present cross-sectional study, elective postoperative orthopaedic patients across two sites were recruited and asked to complete a questionnaire at the first postoperative out-patient review. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) a public group (Public); (2) a private group (Private-pre); and (3) a private group that completed the questionnaire immediately after the out-patient review (Private-post)...
May 14, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754464/clapping-in-time-parallels-literacy-and-calls-upon-overlapping-neural-mechanisms-in-early-readers
#13
Silvia Bonacina, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Nina Kraus
The auditory system is extremely precise in processing the temporal information of perceptual events and using these cues to coordinate action. Synchronizing movement to a steady beat relies on this bidirectional connection between sensory and motor systems, and activates many of the auditory and cognitive processes used when reading. Here, we use Interactive Metronome, a clinical intervention technology requiring an individual to clap her hands in time with a steady beat, to investigate whether the links between literacy and synchronization skills, previously established in older children, are also evident in children who are learning to read...
May 12, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750241/exploring-privilege-in-the-digital-divide-implications-for-theory-policy-and-practice
#14
Mei Lan Fang, Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Judith Sixsmith, Mineko Wada, Andrew Sixsmith
Background and Objectives: The digital revolution has resulted in innovative solutions and technologies that can support the well-being, independence, and health of seniors. Yet, the notion of the "digital divide" presents significant inequities in terms of who accesses and benefits from the digital landscape. To better understand the social and structural inequities of the digital divide, a realist synthesis was conducted to inform theoretical understandings of information and communication technologies (ICTs); to understand the practicalities of access and use inequities; to uncover practices that facilitate digital literacy and participation; and to recommend policies to mitigate the digital divide...
May 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749301/the-effects-of-stigma-on-determinants-of-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-among-male-college-students-an-application-of-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#15
Rita DiGioacchino DeBate, Amy Gatto, Gregor Rafal
Considered a public health issue, the prevalence and severity of poor mental well-being on college campuses has continued to rise. While many college campuses offer mental health counseling services, and utilization rates are increasing, their proportional usage is low especially among males, who often deal with poor mental well-being by adopting unhealthy coping strategies. The purpose of this study was to use the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model to assess the relationship between the determinants as factors that may impact help-seeking behaviors in a large sample ( n = 1,242) of male college students...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746688/post-fukushima-radiation-education-for-japanese-high-school-students-in-affected-areas-and-its-positive-effects-on-their-radiation-literacy
#16
Masaharu Tsubokura, Yuto Kitamura, Megumi Yoshida
In post-Fukushima Japan, radiation education is very important, and the subject is being actively discussed. However, little information is available about the amount of knowledge students initially had about radiation or about how well radiation education improves their understanding. Using the questionnaire results of 717 students completed before and after radiation lectures held in three high schools in Fukushima, we examined the number of answers to the questionnaire aligned with the evidence base, and classified the students into clusters based on radiation-related behavior and attitudes to assess the effectiveness of the lecture...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742548/association-of-electronic-health-literacy-with-health-promoting-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Kyoung A Kim, Yu Jin Kim, Mona Choi
It is important to know how well patients with type 2 diabetes understand and use health information available online in relation to health-promoting behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study were to examine the association among electronic health literacy, perceived benefits, self-efficacy, and health-promoting behaviors in patients with type 2 diabetes, and to identify factors that affect health-promoting behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a diabetes center in Seoul, South Korea. It was found that health-promoting behaviors were significantly correlated with electronic health literacy (r = 0...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740854/a-tripartite-model-for-recruiting-african-americans-into-fatherhood-intervention-research
#19
Wrenetha A Julion, Jen'nea Sumo, Dawn T Bounds
Many studies have examined factors influencing African-American (AA) participation in research studies. But none inform the recruitment of AA men into fatherhood intervention research. Our purpose is to describe the recruitment and enrollment framework of the Dedicated African American Dad (DAAD) Study, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test a fatherhood intervention against a financial literacy comparison condition. AA nonresident (AANR) fathers are fathers who do not reside with their child on a full-time basis...
May 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739780/research-priorities-in-health-communication-and-participation-international-survey-of-consumers-and-other-stakeholders
#20
Anneliese Synnot, Peter Bragge, Dianne Lowe, Jack S Nunn, Molly O'Sullivan, Lidia Horvat, Allison Tong, Debra Kay, Davina Ghersi, Steve McDonald, Naomi Poole, Noni Bourke, Natasha Lannin, Danny Vadasz, Sandy Oliver, Karen Carey, Sophie J Hill
OBJECTIVE: To identify research priorities of consumers and other stakeholders to inform Cochrane Reviews in 'health communication and participation' (including such concepts as patient experience, shared decision-making and health literacy). SETTING: International. PARTICIPANTS: We included anyone with an interest in health communication and participation. Up to 151 participants (18-80 years; 117 female) across 12 countries took part, including 48 consumers (patients, carers, consumer representatives) and 75 professionals (health professionals, policymakers, researchers) (plus 25 people who identified as both)...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Open
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