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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810415/the-digital-divide-examining-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-health-literacy-access-and-use-of-internet-to-seek-health-information
#1
Emee Vida Estacio, Rebecca Whittle, Joanne Protheroe
This article aims to examine the socio-demographic characteristics associated with access and use of Internet for health-related purposes and its relationship with health literacy. Data were drawn from a health literacy survey ( N = 1046) and analysed using logistic regression. Results show a strong association between health literacy, internet access and use. Socio-demographic characteristics particularly age, education, income, perceived health and social isolation also predict internet access. Thus, in addition to widening access, the movement towards digitisation of health information and services should also consider digital skills development to enable people to utilise digital technology more effectively, especially among traditionally hard-to-reach communities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806955/reducing-the-socioeconomic-gradient-in-uptake-of-the-nhs-bowel-cancer-screening-programme-using-a-simplified-supplementary-information-leaflet-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#2
Samuel G Smith, Jane Wardle, Wendy Atkin, Rosalind Raine, Lesley M McGregor, Gemma Vart, Steve Morris, Stephen W Duffy, Susan Moss, Allan Hackshaw, Stephen Halloran, Ines Kralj-Hans, Rosemary Howe, Julia Snowball, Graham Handley, Richard F Logan, Sandra Rainbow, Steve Smith, Mary Thomas, Nicholas Counsell, Christian von Wagner
BACKGROUND: Uptake of colorectal cancer screening is low in the English NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP). Participation in screening is strongly associated with socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to determine whether a supplementary leaflet providing the 'gist' of guaiac-based Faecal Occult Blood test (gFOBt) screening for colorectal cancer could reduce the socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in uptake in the English NHS BCSP. METHODS: The trial was integrated within routine BCSP operations in November 2012...
August 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803249/a-brief-outline-of-the-use-of-new-technologies-for-treating-substance-use-disorders-in-the-european-union
#3
GianLuca Quaglio, Arnt Schellekens, Matthijs Blankers, Eva Hoch, Theodoros Karapiperis, Giovanni Esposito, Helmut Brand, David Nutt, Falk Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Clinicians in the field of drug addiction have started to exploit the growth of Technology-Based Interventions (TBIs). However, there is little information on how health personnel evaluate them. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 20 European experts. RESULTS: All of the interviewees recognised TBIs as a valuable tool to improve the management of substance-use disorders (SUDs). Most interviewees indicated that combining both traditional face-to-face therapist-patient clinic appointment with TBIs is probably the most effective method...
August 12, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800268/asthma-management-experiences-of-australians-who-are-native-arabic-speakers
#4
Reem Alzayer, Betty Chaar, Iman Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the asthma management experiences of people with asthma within the Arabic-speaking community in Australia. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews guided by a schedule of questions were conducted with 25 Arabic-speaking women with asthma/carer of a child with asthma, recruited from medical practices and community centers in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Twenty-five Arabic-speaking participants with asthma or caring for those with asthma were interviewed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799072/cervical-cancer-literacy-in-women-of-reproductive-age-and-its-related-factors
#5
Maryam Bazaz, Parvin Shahry, Sayed Mahmood Latifi, Marzieh Araban
Cancer health literacy, which is the ability to search, understand, and use health information to make appropriate health decisions, plays an important role in the use of preventative and screening information. The present study aims to evaluate cervical cancer health literacy in women of reproductive age and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, 231 women of reproductive age who referred to health centers of Khuzestan Province, Iran, were selected via convenience sampling. A valid and reliable measure was employed to collect information about various dimensions of cervical cancer health literacy, including having access to, reading, understanding, appraising, using, and communicating it...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777010/information-and-communicative-technology-use-enhances-psychological-well-being-of-older-adults-the-roles-of-age-social-connectedness-and-frailty-status
#6
Yang Fang, Anson K C Chau, Anna Wong, Helene H Fung, Jean Woo
OBJECTIVES: Information and communicative technology (ICT) use is a potential vehicle for improving the psychological well-being (PWB) of older people. We examined the roles of age, frailty, and social connectedness in the relationship between ICT use and PWB. METHOD: Telephone interviews were conducted in mid-2016 with 1201 participants aged 50 and above (55.7% female) residing in Hong Kong, China. The participants reported PWB, ICT use (frequency of using the Internet and smart devices), frailty status, contact with family, friends, and neighbors, self-rated health, subjective financial sufficiency, education level, and employment status...
August 4, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776523/screening-of-health-care-workers-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#7
Anand Bimari Janagond, Vithiya Ganesan, G S Vijay Kumar, Arunagiri Ramesh, Prem Anand, M Mariappan
BACKGROUND: Health-care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. While national-level data on the burden of TB in general population is available from reliable sources, nationally representative data on latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) burden in HCWs in the high burden countries is lacking. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out to assess the risk of TB infection among HCWs who directly engage in medical duties...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770190/-ebinyo-the-practice-of-infant-oral-mutilation-in-uganda
#8
REVIEW
Margaret N Wandera, Betsy Kasumba
Infant oral mutilation (IOM) is a traditional method of extracting un-erupted teeth practiced in several Sub-Saharan African countries including Uganda. This practice is referred to as "ebinyo" by Bantu-speaking Ethnic groups, though it has several terms depending on cultural group and researcher. The un-erupted tooth is gouged out as a cure for medical symptoms in infants that include high fevers and diarrhea. The spreading of IOM practice in African populations is blamed on poor health literacy with regard to the common childhood illnesses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766973/assessment-of-mental-health-literacy-among-perinatal-hispanic-adolescents
#9
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
According to the United States (U.S.) Census Bureau, Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the U.S. As such, Hispanic females have the highest birth rate (35 per 1000) among adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 years. Despite high fertility rates, there is limited mental health information among Hispanic adolescents during the perinatal period. Perinatal depression is a major concern as it poses health risks for both the mother and infant. Adverse outcomes such as preterm birth, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment may result from perinatal depression...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764699/development-of-the-organisational-health-literacy-responsiveness-org-hlr-framework-in-collaboration-with-health-and-social-services-professionals
#10
Anita Trezona, Sarity Dodson, Richard H Osborne
BACKGROUND: The health literacy skills required by individuals to interact effectively with health services depends on the complexity of those services, and the demands they place on people. Public health and social service organisations have a responsibility to provide services and information in ways that promote equitable access and engagement, that are responsive to diverse needs and preferences, and support people to participate in decisions regarding their health and wellbeing. The aim of this study was to develop a conceptual framework describing the characteristics of health literacy responsive organisations...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760154/dementia-knowledge-assessment-scale-dkas-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-comparative-subscale-scores-among-an-international-cohort
#11
Michael J Annear, Chris Toye, Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Frances McInerney, Claire Eccleston, Andrew Robinson
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a life-limiting condition that is increasing in global prevalence in line with population ageing. In this context, it is necessary to accurately measure dementia knowledge across a spectrum of health professional and lay populations with the aim of informing targeted educational interventions and improving literacy, care, and support. Building on prior exploratory analysis, which informed the development of the preliminarily valid and reliable version of the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS), a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to affirm construct validity and proposed subscales to further increase the measure's utility for academics and educators...
July 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759329/health-literacy-and-informed-consent-materials-designed-for-documentation-not-comprehension-of-health-research
#12
Vanessa Watts Simonds, Eva Marie Garroutte, Dedra Buchwald
Minority populations with health disparities are underrepresented in research designed to address those disparities. One way to improve minority representation is to use community-based participatory methods to overcome barriers to research participation, beginning with the informed consent process. Relevant barriers to participation include lack of individual or community awareness or acceptance of research processes and purposes. These barriers are associated with limited health literacy. To inform recommendations for an improved consent process, we examined 97 consent documents and 10 associated Institutional Review Board websites to determine their health literacy demands and degree of adherence to principles of community-based research...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758850/a-picture-based-carbohydrate-counting-resource-for-somalis
#13
Muna Sunni, Carol Brunzell, Jennifer Kyllo, Loren Purcell, Phillip Plager, Antoinette Moran
Objective Carbohydrate counting is essential for effective management of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Somali diet-specific carbohydrate-counting references are lacking, creating an additional barrier to effective diabetes control. We developed a picture-based carbohydrate-counting resource for Somalis with T1D. Methods Traditional Somali foods were selected using a variety of methods. Serving sizes and carbohydrate calculations were tabulated using the United States Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750907/barriers-to-technology-use-among-older-heart-failure-individuals-in-managing-their-symptoms-after-hospital-discharge
#14
Linda Nguyen, Karim Keshavjee, Norm Archer, Christopher Patterson, Femida Gwadry-Sridhar, Catherine Demers
BACKGROUND: In North America, heart failure (HF) is the leading cause for hospital readmission. Supportive technology, such as computers and tablets, could potentially assist patients with self-care to manage their condition after hospital discharge; however, older individuals have difficulties in adopting technology to manage their condition. METHOD: This study used a mixed methods design to identify barriers to technology use in HF self-care. In the qualitative phase, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 HF patients and 10 informal caregivers or care partners (CP)...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742675/committee-opinion-no-710-counseling-adolescents-about-contraception
#15
(no author information available yet)
Modern contraceptives are very effective when used correctly and, thus, effective counseling regarding contraceptive options and provision of resources to increase access are key components of adolescent health care. Regardless of a patient's age or previous sexual activity, the obstetrician-gynecologist routinely should address her contraceptive needs, expectations, and concerns. Obstetrician-gynecologists should be aware of and be prepared to address the most common misperceptions about contraceptive methods in a way that is age appropriate and compatible with the patient's health literacy...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742669/committee-opinion-no-710-summary-counseling-adolescents-about-contraception
#16
(no author information available yet)
Modern contraceptives are very effective when used correctly and, thus, effective counseling regarding contraceptive options and provision of resources to increase access are key components of adolescent health care. Regardless of a patient's age or previous sexual activity, the obstetrician-gynecologist routinely should address her contraceptive needs, expectations, and concerns. Obstetrician-gynecologists should be aware of and be prepared to address the most common misperceptions about contraceptive methods in a way that is age appropriate and compatible with the patient's health literacy...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742312/health-literacy-and-oral-health-literacy-are-they-associated-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-of-tricity-chandigarh-mohali-panchkula-india
#17
Karandeep Singh Sandhu, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741969/the-importance-of-research-literacy-for-yoga-therapists
#18
Steffany Moonaz, Pamela Jeter, Laura Schmalzl
Evidence-Informed Practice (EIP) utilizes the three components of expert opinion, research evidence, and client values. It is a recommended training competency for integrative health practitioners in diverse fields, such as acupuncture and massage therapy. Research Literacy (RL) is a necessary pre-requisite to EIP. Many yoga therapists have limited training in these skills, which negatively impacts inter-professional communication and collaboration, as well as further advancement of yoga therapy research and practice...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740843/comparative-readability-analysis-of-online-patient-education-resources-on-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#19
Rishabh Gulati, Mohammad Nawaz, Linh Lam, Nikolaos T Pyrsopoulos
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health recommend a readability grade level of less than 7th grade for patient directed information. In this study, we use validated readability metrics to analyze patient information from prominent websites pertaining to ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. METHODS: The terms "Crohn's Disease," "Ulcerative Colitis," and "Inflammatory Bowel Disease" were queried on Google and Bing. Websites containing patient education material were saved as a text file and then modified through expungement of medical terminology that was described within the text...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737190/-validation-of-the-general-help-seeking-questionnaire-for-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#20
Cecilia Olivari, Mónica Guzmán-González
Help-seeking behavior is a protective factor in young people, essential for their mental health, well-being and development. However, some adolescents do not seek professional help when they need to. In this context, it is relevant to study the help-seeking behavior for mental health problems in adolescent population. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the general help-seeking questionnaire for mental health problems in Chilean adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional and correlational study of a non-random sample of 793 adolescent students, between 14 and 19 years old, from the city of Talca (Chile)...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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