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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538930/dissatisfaction-with-the-dental-services-and-associated-factors-among-adults
#1
Luana Leal Roberto, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant' Ana Haikal
This study aimed to identify factors associated with dissatisfaction with dental services among adults. It analyzed 830 adult participants of an epidemiological survey of oral health. The dependent variable was dissatisfaction with the dental service, and the independent ones were selected according to the theoretical model set forth by Andersen and Davidson (1997). Estimates were corrected by the sample design effect, and Binary Logistic Regression was carried out. It was found that about 11% of adults were dissatisfied with the dental service...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#2
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#3
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527636/shared-decision-making-in-west-africa-the-forgotten-area
#4
Ndeye Thiab Diouf, Ali Ben Charif, Lionel Adisso, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Tatiana Titilayo Agbadjé, Mama Joyce Dogba, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink
Up to now, little attention has been paid to West Africa when it comes to shared decision making (SDM). West African countries seem to lag behind with regard to SDM initiatives compared to many other countries in the world. There is some interest in informed decision-making or informed consent, but little in a full SDM process. Few decision-making tools are available for healthcare professionals and the majority are not designed to support decision-making with patients. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, there are no training programs for implementing SDM in healthcare teams...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526058/meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-feeding-practices-among-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#5
Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
BACKGROUND: Child feeding practices are multidimensional, and they change rapidly within short age intervals. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices contribute to a rapid increase in the prevalence of undernutrition in children in the age of 6-23 months. Information on child feeding practices among urban resident is limited in Ethiopia. The aim was to measure minimum meal frequency and dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6-23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526009/measuring-health-literacy-among-low-literate-people-an-exploratory-feasibility-study-with-the-hls-eu-questionnaire
#6
Hannelore Storms, Neree Claes, Bert Aertgeerts, Stephan Van den Broucke
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is defined as necessary competencies to make well-informed decisions. As patients' decision making is a key element of patient-centered health care, insight in patients' HL might help healthcare professionals to organize their care accordingly. This is particularly true for people in a vulnerable situation, potentially with limited HL, who are, for instance, at greater risk of having limited access to care [1, 2]. As HL correlates with education, instruments should allow inclusion of low literate people...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#7
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518170/prenatal-exome-sequencing-in-anomalous-fetuses-new-opportunities-and-challenges
#8
Neeta L Vora, Bradford Powell, Alicia Brandt, Natasha Strande, Emily Hardisty, Kelly Gilmore, Ann Katherine M Foreman, Kirk Wilhelmsen, Chris Bizon, Jason Reilly, Phil Owen, Cynthia M Powell, Debra Skinner, Christine Rini, Anne D Lyerly, Kim A Boggess, Karen Weck, Jonathan S Berg, James P Evans
PurposeWe investigated the diagnostic and clinical performance of exome sequencing in fetuses with sonographic abnormalities with normal karyotype and microarray and, in some cases, normal gene-specific sequencing.MethodsExome sequencing was performed on DNA from 15 anomalous fetuses and from the peripheral blood of their parents. Parents provided consent to be informed of diagnostic results in the fetus, medically actionable findings in the parents, and their identification as carrier couples for significant autosomal recessive conditions...
May 18, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512081/effects-of-ehealth-literacy-on-general-practitioner-consultations-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Peter Johannes Schulz, Mary Anne Fitzpatrick, Alexandra Hess, Lynn Sudbury-Riley, Uwe Hartung
BACKGROUND: Most evidence (not all) points in the direction that individuals with a higher level of health literacy will less frequently utilize the health care system than individuals with lower levels of health literacy. The underlying reasons of this effect are largely unclear, though people's ability to seek health information independently at the time of wide availability of such information on the Internet has been cited in this context. OBJECTIVE: We propose and test two potential mediators of the negative effect of eHealth literacy on health care utilization: (1) health information seeking and (2) gain in empowerment by information seeking...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508022/impact-of-health-literacy-on-senior-citizen-engagement-in-health-care-it-usage
#10
Alice M Noblin, Ashley Rutherford
Objective: Patient engagement in health care information technology (IT) is required for government reimbursement programs. This research surveyed one older adult group to determine their willingness to use health information from a variety of sources. Health literacy was also measured using the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) and eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) tools. Method: Regression models determined engagement in health care IT usage and impact of literacy levels based on survey data collected from the group...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506230/health-literacy-and-primary-health-care-use-of-ethnic-minorities-in-the-netherlands
#11
Marieke van der Gaag, Iris van der Heide, Peter M M Spreeuwenberg, Anne E M Brabers, Jany J D J M Rademakers
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, ethnic minority populations visit their general practitioner (GP) more often than the indigenous population. An explanation for this association is lacking. Recently, health literacy is suggested as a possible explaining mechanism. Internationally, associations between health literacy and health care use, and between ethnicity and health literacy have been studied separately, but, so far, have not been linked to each other. In the Netherlands, some expectations have been expressed with regard to supposed low health literacy of ethnic minority groups, however, no empirical study has been done so far...
May 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504209/an-online-readability-analysis-of-pathology-related-patient-education-articles-an-opportunity-for-pathologists-to-educate-patients
#12
Arpan V Prabhu, Christopher Kim, Tudor Crihalmeanu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Marie C DeFrances, Humberto E Trejo Bittar
Information for patients regarding their clinical conditions and treatment options is widely available online. The American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health recommend that online patient-oriented materials be written at no higher than a 7th grade reading level to ensure full comprehension by the average American. This study sought to determine whether online patient-oriented materials explaining common pathology procedures are written at appropriate reading levels. Ten pathology procedures that patients would likely research were queried into Google search, and plain text from the first 10 websites containing patient education materials for each procedure were analyzed using 10 validated readability scales...
May 10, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490419/development-usability-and-efficacy-of-a-serious-game-to-help-patients-learn-about-pain-management-after-surgery-an-evaluation-study
#13
Brynja Ingadottir, Katrin Blondal, David Thue, Sigridur Zoega, Ingela Thylen, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a persistent problem after surgery and can delay recovery and develop into chronic pain. Better patient education has been proposed to improve pain management of patients. Serious games have not been previously developed to help patients to learn how to manage their postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the development of a computer-based game for surgical patients to learn about postoperative pain management and to evaluate the usability, user experience, and efficacy of the game...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487244/defining-food-literacy-a-scoping-review
#14
Emily Truman, Dan Lane, Charlene Elliott
Food literacy is an emerging term that is broadly applied in public health, education, and industry but with little consensus about its meaning. In general, it refers to food skills and knowledge, although its core components vary from initiative to initiative. In light of its ubiquitous use-but varying definitions-this article establishes the scope of food literacy research by identifying all articles that define 'food literacy', analysing its key conceptualizations, and reporting outcomes/measures of this concept...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479187/brain-based-individual-difference-measures-of-reading-skill-in-deaf-and-hearing-adults
#15
Alison S Mehravari, Karen Emmorey, Chantel S Prat, Lindsay Klarman, Lee Osterhout
Most deaf children and adults struggle to read, but some deaf individuals do become highly proficient readers. There is disagreement about the specific causes of reading difficulty in the deaf population, and consequently, disagreement about the effectiveness of different strategies for teaching reading to deaf children. Much of the disagreement surrounds the question of whether deaf children read in similar or different ways as hearing children. In this study, we begin to answer this question by using real-time measures of neural language processing to assess if deaf and hearing adults read proficiently in similar or different ways...
May 4, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#16
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474054/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-australian-strategies-for-preventing-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour
#17
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ian Hickie
Dynamic simulation modelling is increasingly being recognised as a valuable decision-support tool to help guide investments and actions to address complex public health issues such as suicide. In particular, participatory system dynamics (SD) modelling provides a useful tool for asking high-level 'what if' questions, and testing the likely impacts of different combinations of policies and interventions at an aggregate level before they are implemented in the real world. We developed an SD model for suicide prevention in Australia, and investigated the hypothesised impacts over the next 10 years (2015-2025) of a combination of current intervention strategies proposed for population interventions in Australia: 1) general practitioner (GP) training, 2) coordinated aftercare in those who have attempted suicide, 3) school-based mental health literacy programs, 4) brief-contact interventions in hospital settings, and 5) psychosocial treatment approaches...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472643/back-of-pack-information-in-substitutive-food-choices-a-process-tracking-study-in-participants-intending-to-eat-healthy
#18
Vincent J van Buul, Catherine A W Bolman, Fred J P H Brouns, Lilian Lechner
People are increasingly aware of the positive effects of a healthy diet. Concurrently, daily food consumption decisions - choices about both the quality and quantity of food that is ingested - are steered more by what consumers consider healthy. Despite the increased aim to eat healthier, however, consumers often do not read or incorrectly interpret on-pack nutrition information, resulting in suboptimal food choices in terms of health. This study aims to unravel the determinants of such inadvertent food choices from these consumers...
May 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471332/socioeconomic-and-programmatic-determinants-of-renewal-of-membership-in-a-voluntary-micro-health-insurance-scheme-evidence-from-chakaria-bangladesh
#19
Mohammad Iqbal, Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Mohammad Nahid Mia, S M A Hanifi, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare expenditure is a major obstacle for achieving universal health coverage in low-income countries including Bangladesh. Sixty-three percent of the USD 27 annual per-capita healthcare expenditure in Bangladesh comes from individuals' pockets. Although health insurance is a financial tool for reducing OOP, use of such tools in Bangladesh has been limited to some small-scale voluntary micro health insurance (MHI) schemes run by non-governmental organizations (NGO)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468160/facial-plastic-surgery-patient-resources-exceed-national-institute-recommendations
#20
Michael W Chu, Julia A Cook, Sunil S Tholpady, Cecelia E Schmalbach, Arash Momeni
Patient education is essential in enhancing the physician-patient therapeutic alliance, patient satisfaction, and clinical outcomes. The American Medical Association and National Institute of Health recommend that information be written at a 6th-grade reading level, but online resources often exceed patient literacy. The purpose of this study is to assess readability of online material for facial plastics procedures presented on academic plastic surgery and otolaryngology websites.An Internet search was performed of all academic institutions that had both plastic surgery and otolaryngology training programs who offered patient information on facial plastic surgery procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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