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Information literacy

Emily Goldmann, James H Stark, Farzana Kapadia, Matthew B McQueen
The rapid growth in undergraduate public health education has offered an increasing number of undergraduate students training in epidemiology. Epidemiology courses introduce undergraduate students to a population health perspective and provide opportunities for these students to build essential skills and competencies such as ethical reasoning, teamwork, comprehension of scientific methods, critical thinking, quantitative and information literacy, ability to analyze public health information, and effective writing and oral communication...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Eva Cepova, Martina Cicvakova, Peter Kolarcik, Neda Markovska, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
BACKGROUND: Modification of health literacy (HL) is an important factor for improving and maintaining oral health. The aim of the study is to examine the association of HL with oral health-promoting behaviour (OHPB) and assess possible mediating effects of HL on the impact of socioeconomic status on OHPB. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on the Slovak general adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted in 2014 and 2015. The association of HL (9 domains of the Health Literacy Questionnaire) and OHPB was analysed using logistic regression models adjusted for gender, age and educational level...
March 14, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Diana Stewart Hoover, David W Wetter, Damon J Vidrine, Nga Nguyen, Summer G Frank, Yisheng Li, Andrew J Waters, Cathy D Meade, Jennifer I Vidrine
Background: Efforts are needed to ensure that smokers with lower health literacy are provided with understandable and impactful information about the health consequences of smoking and benefits of quitting. Purpose: To test the influence of health literacy on smokers' responses to health risk messages manipulated on framing (gain vs. loss) and emotionality (factual vs. emotional). Methods: Participants (N = 402) were randomized to evaluate one of four sets of smoking risk messages (factual gain-framed, factual loss-framed, emotional gain-framed, or emotional loss-framed)...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Luana Leal Roberto, Daniele Durães Noronha, Taiane Oliveira Souza, Ellen Janayne Primo Miranda, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista De Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant'ana Haikal
This study sought to investigate factors associated with the lack of access to information on oral health among adults. It is a cross-sectional study, carried out among 831 adults (35-44 years of age). The dependent variable was access to information on how to avoid oral problems, and the independent variables were gathered into subgroups according to the theoretical model for literacy in health. Binary logistic regression was carried out, and results were corrected by the design effect. It was observed that 37...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Rangarirai Matima, Katherine Murphy, Naomi S Levitt, Rhonda BeLue, Tolu Oni
BACKGROUND: Current South African health policy for chronic disease management proposes integration of chronic services for better outcomes for chronic conditions; that is based on the Integrated Chronic Disease Model (ICDM). However, scant data exist on how patients with chronic multimorbidities currently experience the (re)-organisation of health services and what their perceived needs are in order to enhance the management of their conditions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a community health centre treating both HIV and diabetes patients in Cape Town...
2018: PloS One
Andres F Doval, Luis Riba, Bao Ngoc N Tran, Rima Rudd, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies indicate that literacy skills are linked to access to information and health outcomes, potentially contributing to health disparities. In the United States, minority and immigrant populations are more likely to have lower literacy skills than are other population groups. The aim of this study is to evaluate web-based health information prepared in Spanish for Hispanic women considering breast reconstruction surgery. METHODS: A search for the term reconstrucción de seno (translation: breast reconstruction) was conducted using Google...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Emee Vida Estacio, Lavinia Nathan, Joanne Protheroe
Parents play a vital role in promoting children's health. The parental health literacy skills are important since the decisions they make can have an impact on other family members' health and well-being. Using an assets-based approach, this project aimed to explore the skills parents use to communicate health messages with their children and how they manage their family's health. Six adult parents of children aged 0-16 years old took part in this photovoice study. The thematic analysis suggests that tapping into the creativity of parents through the gamification of health messages and encouraging children's independence are effective ways to promote healthy behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Samantha Shawley-Brzoska, Ranjita Misra
This study examined the perceptions of benefits of and barriers to participating in a community-based diabetes program to improve program effectiveness. The Diabetes Prevention and Management (DPM) program was a twenty-two session, 1-year program, modeled after the evidence-based National Diabetes Prevention Program and AADE7 Self-Care Behaviors framework. Community-based participatory research approach was used to culturally tailor the curriculum. Participants included overweight or obese adults with dysglycemia...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Rebekah E McWhirter, Lisa Eckstein
Allowing persons to make an informed choice about their participation in research is a pre-eminent ethical and legal requirement. Almost universally, this requirement has been addressed through the provision of written patient information sheets and consent forms. Researchers and others have raised concerns about the extent to which such forms-particularly given their frequent lengthiness and complexity-provide participants with the tools and knowledge necessary for autonomous decision-making. Concerns are especially pronounced for certain participant groups, such as persons with low literacy and Indigenous persons...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Mary Reidy, Mohamad M Saab, Josephine Hegarty, Christian Von Wagner, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise and discuss evidence from interventions designed to increase men's knowledge about cancer risk reduction. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted. Six electronic databases were searched for interventions published between January 1st 2006 and May 30th 2016 in English. Studies were included if they used an experimental design, included adult males (≥18 years), and had a primary focus on the acquisition and utilisation of information on cancer risk reduction...
March 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Somayyeh Azimi, Zahra Ghorbani, Erfan Ghasemi, Marc Tennant, Estie Kruger
Oral cancer is a life-threatening disease with low survival rates, especially when diagnosed in an advanced stage. Lack of awareness about this cancer among the population is proposed as a possible reason for this diagnostic delay. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral cancer awareness, as well as the association of this with sociodemographic status in Tehran. In this cross-sectional population-based survey, 1800 self-administered questionnaires (collecting sociodemographic data, questions regarding oral cancer awareness and the source of information) were distributed through multistage stratified random sampling...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
A Kofi Amegah, Moses Nsoh, Gifty Ashley-Amegah, Judith Anaman-Togbor
OBJECTIVE: Data on dietary vitamin D (vitD) intake, sunlight exposure, and the associated determinants are lacking in Africa. The aim of this study was to establish the factors influencing vitD intake and sunlight exposure among pregnant women in an African population with the goal of improving maternal vitD nutrition. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 703 mother-infant pairs accessing postnatal care at the five main health facilities in Cape Coast, Ghana in 2016...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen, Steven M Southwick, Spencer Greenberg, Aislinn Pluta, Robert H Pietrzak
There has been little study of public literacy regarding posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Public knowledge and attitudes about PTSD are important for encouraging treatment, prevention, and informing policies. Using a national online survey of 541 adults across 47 U.S. states in November 2016, we assessed attitudes and knowledge about PTSD. Most notably with respect to attitudes, 76-94% of the sample endorsed more federal funding for research, training, and practice for PTSD; and 76% of the sample also believed people with PTSD should have restricted access to firearms...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Kathleen M Gray
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a relatively new framework for conceptualizing how people understand and use information about potentially harmful environmental exposures and their influence on health. As such, information on the characterization and measurement of EHL is limited. This review provides an overview of EHL as presented in peer-reviewed literature and aggregates studies based on whether they represent individual level EHL or community level EHL or both. A range of assessment tools has been used to measure EHL, with many studies relying on pre-/post-assessment; however, a broader suite of assessment tools may be needed to capture community-wide outcomes...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Yuval D Bar-Or, Henry E Fessler, Dipan A Desai, Sammy Zakaria
INTRODUCTION: Many residents and fellows complete graduate medical education having received minimal unbiased financial planning guidance. This places them at risk of making ill-informed financial decisions, which may lead to significant harm to them and their families. Therefore, we sought to provide fellows with comprehensive unbiased financial education and empower them to make timely, constructive financial decisions. METHODS: A self-selected cohort of cardiovascular disease, pulmonary and critical care, and infectious disease fellows (n = 18) at a single institution attended a live, eight-hour interactive course on personal finance...
January 1, 2018: Curēus
Hanneke Kip, Yvonne H A Bouman, Saskia M Kelders, Lisette J E W C van Gemert-Pijnen
Background: Treatment of offenders in forensic mental health is complex. Often, these in- or outpatients have low treatment motivation, suffer from multiple disorders, and have poor literacy skills. eHealth may be able to improve treatment outcomes because of its potential to increase motivation and engagement, and it can overcome the predominant one-size-fits-all approach by being tailored to individual patients. Objective: To examine its potential, this systematic review studies the way that eHealth has been used and studied in forensic mental health and identifies accompanying advantages and disadvantages for both patients and treatment, including effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sandra Braaf, Shanthi Ameratunga, Andrew Nunn, Nicola Christie, Warwick Teague, Rodney Judson, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Navigating complex health care systems during the multiple phases of recovery following major trauma entails many challenges for injured patients. Patients' experiences communicating with health professionals are of particular importance in this context. The aim of this study was to explore seriously injured patients' perceptions of communication with and information provided by health professionals in their first 3-years following injury. METHODS: A qualitative study designed was used, nested within a population-based longitudinal cohort study...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Birgit Arabin, Nina Timmesfeld, Kathrin Noever, Susann Behnam, Christin Ellermann, Mirjam Jenny
The rates of overweight, obesity and morbid obesity cause major public health problems in both the developed and the developing world. In this paper, we review the prevalence, the impact on short- and long-term health of mother and offspring and the burden for societies. In addition, we try to demonstrate that scientific publications and guidelines per se have not yet interrupted the vicious cycle of transgenerational transfer and the risks of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. We propose some different ways to improve health literacy to better communicate the serious facts into effective information for health care politicians and providers and mainly to present and future parents...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
J Zhou, F Liu, H Zhou
AIMS: With the popularity of social media, Twitter has become an important tool to promote health literacy. However, many health-related messages on Twitter are dead-ended and cannot reach many people. This is unhelpful for health literacy promotion. This article aims to examine the features of online health food messages that people like to retweet. METHODS: We adopted rumour theory as our theoretical foundation and extracted seven characteristics (i.e. emotional valence, attractiveness, sender's authoritativeness, external evidence, argument length, hashtags, and direct messages)...
March 1, 2018: Perspectives in Public Health
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