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Amira Barrech, Jens Baumert, Harald Gündel, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
BACKGROUND: Job insecurity has been associated with impaired self-rated health (SRH) in cross-sectional studies, but prospective findings with short, medium and long-term follow-up yielded mixed findings. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the long-term association between perceived job insecurity and SRH, after controlling for baseline levels of health status and life-style choices. Furthermore, three different follow-up periods (14, 19 and 24 years) were considered...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Understanding the correlates of self-rated health (SRH) can help public health professionals prioritize health-promotion and disease-prevention interventions. This study aimed to investigate the association between multiple comorbidities and global SRH and age-comparative SRH. METHODS: A total of 512,891 participants aged 30-79 years old were recruited into the China Kadoorie Biobank study from ten regions between 2004 and 2008. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) for the associations between comorbidities (including diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, stroke, tuberculosis, emphysema/bronchitis, asthma, cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis, peptic ulcer, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, fracture, rheumatic arthritis, psychiatric disorders, depressive symptoms, neurasthenia, head injury and cancer) and SRH...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Olatokunbo Osibogun, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Erica S Spatz, Gregory L Burke, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is an indicator of health status. It is a determinant of health-promoting behaviors and predictor of morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about the association between SRH and ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) as measured by the American Heart Association Life's Simple Seven (LS7) metrics, or whether the relation of SRH and CVH differ by race/ethnicity. HYPOTHESIS: Favorable SRH is associated with better CVH. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 6457 men and women of 4 race/ethnicities who participated in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Wenhong Dong, Xiong-Fei Pan, Canqing Yu, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Tangchun Wu, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Self-rated health (SRH) is a consistent and strong predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in various populations. However, the associations between SRH measures and risk of first-ever or recurrent stroke were rarely explored. We thus aim to prospectively investigate the associations between SRH measures and risk of total and subtypes of stroke in Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 494,113 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank without prior heart diseases or cancer (486,541 without stroke and 7,572 with stroke) were followed from baseline (2004 to 2008) until December 31, 2013...
May 2018: Journal of Stroke
Irene Moor, Sebastian Günther, Anja Knöchelmann, Jens Hoebel, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Thomas Lampert, Matthias Richter
INTRODUCTION: As trend studies have shown, health inequalities by income and occupation have widened or remained stable. However, research on time trends in educational inequalities in health in Germany is scarce. The aim of this study is to analyse how educational inequalities in health evolved over a period of 21 years in the middle-aged population in Germany, and whether the trends differ by gender. METHODS: Data were obtained from the German Socio-Economic Panel covering the period from 1994 to 2014...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Ryoko Kawasaki, Rieko Nakao, Mayumi Ohnishi
Objective: Participation in social activities is associated with physical and psychological health in the community-dwelling elderly population. We examined the two factors of social relations and community health resources, associated with higher self-rated health levels in the community-dwelling elderly. Methods: A total of 145 community-dwelling elderly people ≥ 65 years old from two neighborhood associations in Nagasaki City were recruited for this study, representing 85% of the officially registered ≥ 65-year-old population in the target area...
May 2018: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
Luciana B Mattos, Marina B Mattos, Ana P O Barbosa, Mariana da Silva Bauer, Maina H Strack, Pedro Rosário, Caroline T Reppold, Cleidilene R Magalhães
The Health and Education Ministries of Brazil launched the Health in School Program (Programa Saúde na Escola - PSE) in 2007. The purpose of the PSE is two-fold: articulate the actions of the education and health systems to identify risk factors and prevent them; and promote health education in the public elementary school system. In the health field, the self-regulation (SR) construct can contribute to the understanding of life habits which can affect the improvement of individuals' health. This research aims to present a program that promotes SR in health (SRH)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Shervin Assari, Rohan D Jeremiah
Background: Although male partners' socioeconomic status (SES) and substance use is associated with worse health of female partners, the mechanism behind this link is still unknown. Objectives: To investigate whether intimate partner violence (IPV) is a mechanism by which male partners' SES and substance use influence female partners' self-rated health (SRH) as victims and survivors of IPV. Materials and Methods: Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS) is an ongoing population-based cohort. Male and female partners' SES, anxiety, depression, and substance use, and their relationship status were measured at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Minna Genbäck, Nawi Ng, Elena Stanghellini, Xavier de Luna
Predictors of decline in health in older populations have been investigated in multiple studies before. Most longitudinal studies of aging, however, assume that dropout at follow-up is ignorable (missing at random) given a set of observed characteristics at baseline. The objective of this study was to address non-ignorable dropout in investigating predictors of declining self-reported health (SRH) in older populations (50 years or older) in Sweden, the Netherlands, and Italy. We used the SHARE panel survey, and since only 2895 out of the original 5657 participants in the survey 2004 were followed up in 2013, we studied whether the results were sensitive to the expectation that those dropping out have a higher proportion of decliners in SRH...
June 2018: European Journal of Ageing
William Keith Ballentine, Fernandino Vilson, Raymond B Dyer, Majid Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon infectious disease of the kidney known to mimic other renal maladies. A rare presentation of this uncommon disease is spontaneous renal hemorrhage (SRH). CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of XGP in a 58 year old woman who presented with abdominal pain, hematuria, and radiating left flank pain. CT scan was felt to be consistent with perirenal hemorrhage abutting a fat-containing renal mass. The patient was eventually taken to surgery for left partial nephrectomy...
June 5, 2018: BMC Urology
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the health care professional (HCP) experiences of working with interpreters when consulting refugee and migrant women who are not proficient in English around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues, in order to identify service and policy implications. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 HCPs, including: nurses (8), general practitioners (GP) (5), health promotion officers (5), sexual therapists (2) and one midwife...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Razak M Gyasi, David R Phillips
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the association between self-rated health (SRH) and functional decline (FD) in older Ghanaian cohorts and investigates whether the effect differs by gender and also modified by marital status. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional survey data (N = 1200) from an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) study conducted in between August 2016 and January 2017. A four-level gendered-stratified logit modeling estimated the SRH-FD association and the interaction terms...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Claire Swinford, Danielle Massey, Heidi Hardt
Background: Latinas in the United States have elevated rates of diabetes and prenatal depression (PND). The presence of diabetes and PND can also have a negative effect on women's self-rated health (SRH), a commonly used indicator of health that is consistent with objective health status and is a predictor of mortality. However, the associations between PND, diabetes, and SRH have not been tested, particularly among Latinas, who have elevated risk of both medical conditions. To address this gap, this pilot study tested the association between PND and diabetes using data from Latinas enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and explored whether these health conditions were associated with SRH in these women...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Yves Lafort, Letitia Greener, Faustino Lessitala, Sophie Chabeda, Ross Greener, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sally Griffin, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
OBJECTIVES: To enhance uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services by female sex workers (FSWs), we conducted an implementation study in which we piloted and tested context-specific 'diagonal' interventions, combining vertical, targeted interventions with horizontally improved access to the general health services, in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We collected indicators of SRH service uptake through face-to-face interviews with approximately 400 FSWs, pre- and post-intervention, in Durban, South Africa; Tete, Mozambique; and Mombasa, Kenya, recruited by respondent-driven sampling...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Huey-Hong Hsieh, Chia-Ming Chang, Li-Wei Liu, Hsiu-Chin Huang
Background : Self-rated health (SRH) is consistent with objective health status and can serve as a global measure of health status in the general population. The purpose of this study is to find the connections of dietary habits, leisure-time exercise, exercise attitude, and body mass index (BMI) to SRH among college students. Methods : The "dietary⁻exercise attitude and SRH" questionnaire was developed to investigate college students in Taiwan through the Internet. Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to test the relationship among them...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A Jaiswal, A Malhotra, S Hay, C P Kelly
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the reasons of failure of shoulder surface replacement hemiarthroplasty (SRH) and to evaluate the outcome of revision surgery. METHOD: The study group included 25 patients (26 shoulders) with failed SRHs. The mean time to revision surgery was 3.6 years. Their functional outcome was evaluated using adjusted Constant-Murley score at mean follow-up of 5.2 years (range 2-16 years). RESULT: Most common cause of failure was glenoid erosion (42%) and progressive failure of rotator cuff (31%)...
May 9, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Jeffrey T Howard
This study evaluates the validity of subjective health measurement for racial/ethnic comparisons in the United States, by assessing whether allostatic load (AL) is equally associated with poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) for different racial/ethnic groups. This study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) for 2006-2010. Multivariable logistic regression models were fit and stratified by race/ethnicity to study the association between AL and poor/fair SRH. Higher levels of AL were associated with higher odds of reporting poor/fair SRH...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
Yi Li, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Shuang Wen, Chao-Yu Xiong, Zi-Yi Yang, Yun-Xiao Zhu, Nathan Jeffreys
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant germ-cell tumour, most commonly found in adult women. It infrequently presents as spontaneous renal haemorrhage (SRH). Genital malformation and SRH secondary to choriocarcinoma has previously been only reported in females. We present what we believe to be the first case of a male patient with genital malformation (hypospadias and cryptorchidism) and SRH at presentation of choriocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old man presented to the department with intense pain in the right flank region and lower back...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
Neha S Singh, Sarindi Aryasinghe, James Smith, Rajat Khosla, Lale Say, Karl Blanchet
Introduction: Women and girls are affected significantly in both sudden and slow-onset emergencies, and face multiple sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges in humanitarian crises contexts. There are an estimated 26 million women and girls of reproductive age living in humanitarian crises settings, all of whom need access to SRH information and services. This systematic review aimed to assess the utilisation of services of SRH interventions from the onset of emergencies in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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