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Shahrzad Jafari-Adli, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Shirin Hasani Ranjbar, Ehsaneh Taheri, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mehdi Noorozi, Omid Safari, Gita Shafiee, Fatemeh Rezaei, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Data on stature in Iranian children and adolescents at national level are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of short stature with life satisfaction (LS) and self-rated health (SRH) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationwide survey entitled childhood and adolescence surveillance and prevention of adult non-communicable disease (CASPIAN IV). Participants were 14,880 children and adolescents, aged 6-18 years, who were selected using multistage, cluster sampling method from rural and urban areas of 30 provinces of Iran...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Shervin Assari, Amirmasoud Nikahd, Mohammad Reza Malekahmadi, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Hadi Zamanian
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing literature on the central role of socioeconomic status (SES; education and income) for maintaining health, less is known about group differences in this effect. Built on the intersectionality approach, this study compared race by gender groups for the effects of baseline education and income on sustained health problems in five domains: depressive symptoms, insomnia, physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: Data came from waves 7, 8, and 10 of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which were collected in 2004, 2006, and 2010, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Abla Mehio Sibai, Anthony Rizk, Hiam Chemaitelly
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines differentials in self-rated health (SRH) among older adults (aged 60+ years) across three impoverished and ethnically diverse neighborhoods in post-conflict Lebanon and assesses whether variations are explained by social and economic factors. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the Older Adult Component (n = 740) of the Urban Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2003 in a formal community (Nabaa), an informal settlement (Hey El-Sellom), and a refugee camp for Palestinians (Burj El-Barajneh) in Beirut, Lebanon...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Rebecca Firestone, Reid Moorsmith, Simon James, Marilyn Urey, Rena Greifinger, Danielle Lloyd, Lisa Hartenberger-Toby, Jewel Gausman, Musa Sanoe
INTRODUCTION: Young Liberians, particularly undereducated young adults, face substantial sexual and reproductive health (SRH) challenges, with low uptake of contraceptive methods, high rates of unintended pregnancy, and low levels of knowledge about HIV status. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a 6-day intensive group learning intervention combined with on-site SRH services (called HealthyActions) among out-of-school young adults, implemented through an existing alternative education program, on uptake of contraception and HIV testing and counseling (HTC)...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Gideon Rutaremwa, Allen Kabagenyi
BACKGROUND: While the rationale for integration of HIV and sexual and reproductive health (HIV and SRH) services is strong, there is paucity of information on which population groups most utilize these services. Such studies would inform policy and programs on integration of services. The overall objective of this assessment is to provide information to researchers, planners and policy makers on the best practices for integrated services in order to maximize feasibility of scaling up...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Delanie J Losey, Robert G Parker, Miriam Arak Freedman
Atmospheric aerosol particles influence climate through their direct and indirect effects. These impacts depend in part on the morphology of the particles, which is determined by their composition. The effect of pH on morphology was investigated using particles composed of 3-methylglutaric acid and ammonium sulfate by manipulating the starting pH of the bulk solution through the addition of aqueous sodium hydroxide. Efflorescence, deliquescence, phase separation, and mixing transitions were observed with optical microscopy...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Sarit Kumar Rout, Jalandhar Pradhan, Sarmistha Choudhury
UNLABELLED: India has made insignificant progress towards achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). One of the key inputs for achieving universal access to SRH is financial resources. Given this, many international agencies including the UN are emphasising on monitoring the financial progress towards achieving SRH. OBJECTIVE: To generate evidence on spending on SRH from various sources - (government, household, international donors and NGOs) to improve the accountability of the government towards SRH goal...
October 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Maria Waizel, Margarita G Todorova, Sara Kazerounian, Annekatrin Rickmann, Björn R Blanke, Peter Szurman
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes after subretinal recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) treatment for subretinal hemorrhages (SRH), subpigment epithelial hemorrhages (SPH), and combined subretinal and subpigment epithelial hemorrhages (CH). METHODS: An observational analysis of patients treated with subretinal rtPA was performed. The primary endpoint was the assessment of visual improvement (best-corrected visual acuity, BCVA) after surgery...
September 16, 2016: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
David Briner, Matthias Jäger, Wolfram Kawohl, Gabriela Baumgartner-Nietlisbach
Objective: This study aims to assess psychiatric morbidity and self-rated health (SRH) of homeless people in Zurich, Switzerland. Methods: Cross-sectional study of N = 338 homeless people, assessement of psychiatric disorders (ICD-10), level of functioning (GAF, HoNOS), self-rated health. Comparison of SRH among homeless people with a sample of Zurich (N = 956) and Swiss (N = 21 579) population. Results: 96 % of the homeless people had at least one psychiatric disorder, most of them drug- (60...
September 14, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of mortality, but it is unclear if SRH independently predicts a decline in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). OBJECTIVE: to verify whether SRH is an independent predictor of IADL decline. DESIGN: a population-based longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: two local municipalities in Nara, Japan. SUBJECTS: community-dwelling older adults 65 years or older (2,638 males and 3,346 females) with independent IADL at baseline...
September 10, 2016: Age and Ageing
Zaynab Essack, Jacintha Toohey, Ann Strode
In South Africa children under the age of 18 are legal minors and considered not fully capable of acting independently. However, in certain defined circumstances the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently, including regarding their sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study explored the perspectives and practices of 17 social workers from KwaZulu-Natal on legislation relevant to adolescents' evolving sexual and reproductive health and rights and the decriminalisation of consensual underage sex...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
Anne G Tøge
Social and economic security could be particularly important for health among the unemployed. Nevertheless, knowledge is still lacking as to whether and how different policy contexts affect health when people move into unemployment. This article investigates whether and to what degree the unemployment generosity explains why individual health effects of unemployment vary across Europe. The 2008-2011 longitudinal panel of the European Union statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) and fixed-effects models are used to estimate the individual effects of unemployment on self-rated health (SRH)...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
Shervin Assari
BACKGROUND: Although poor self-esteem is a core component of depression, we still do not know if racial and ethnic groups differ in the magnitude of this link. This study compared Black and White older adults on the association between self-esteem and depressive symptoms. METHODS: With a cross-sectional design, this study enrolled 1493 older individuals (age 66 or more) from the 2001 Religion, Aging, and Health Survey, a nationally representative study in the United States...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Ida Kristiane Roelsgaard, Anne Marie Olesen, Mette Kildevæld Simonsen, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) has been shown to be a strong predictor of mortality from a number of major chronic diseases, however, the association with cancer remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association between change in SRH and cancer incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SRH and information on lifestyle and other risk factors were obtained for 13-636 women in the Danish Nurse Cohort. Cancers that developed during 12 years of follow-up were identified in the National Patient Registry...
September 2016: Acta Oncologica
Christiane Chbib, Adam J Sobczak, Mukesh Mudgal, Cesar Gonzalez, Daniel Lumpuy, Justyna Nagaj, Kamila Stokowa-Soltys, Stanislaw F Wnuk
4-C-Alkyl/aryl-S-ribosylhomocysteine (SRH) analogues were prepared by coupling of homocysteine with 4-substituted ribofuranose derivatives. The diastereoselective incorporation of the methyl substituent into the 4 position of the ribose ring was accomplished by addition of methylmagnesium bromide to the protected ribitol-4-ulose yielding the 4-C-methylribitol in 85% yield as single 4R diastereomer. The 4-C hexyl, octyl, vinyl, and aryl ribitols were prepared analogously. Chelation controlled addition of a carbanion to ketones from the (Si-face) was responsible for the observed stereochemical outcome...
2016: Journal of Sulphur Chemistry
Catherine D Darker, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Lucy Whiston, Fintan Moore, Joe M Barry
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is amongst the most frequently assessed health perceptions in epidemiological research. While there is a growing understanding of the role of SRH, a paradigm model has yet to be widely accepted with recent studies concluding that further work is required in determining whether there are important predictors of SRH yet to be highlighted. The aim of this paper is to determine what health and non-health related factors were associated with SRH in a suburban deprived population in Dublin, Ireland...
2016: BMC Public Health
Hui Liu, Lu-Yi Zhang, Xiao-Xia Li, Miao-Qin Wu
INTRODUCTION: Massive subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) due to polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) remains a challenging field and the best treatment is still not certain. In the present study, we performed a novel surgical method which combined 23-gauge vitrectomy with external drainage therapy for displace massive SRH secondary to PCV. METHODS: From April 2015 to July 2015, 4 consecutive patients with massive SRH secondary to PCV received 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy with external drainage therapy...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
N Maharlouei, M Akbari, M Khabbaz Shirazy, D Yazdanpanah, K B Lankarani
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and objective health status in the general population in the Southwest of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interview with 3554 residents, aged ≥18 years, who were selected by multistage sampling procedure. Collected data included sociodemographic, SRH status, and medical conditions; chronic diseases and mental symptoms...
August 3, 2016: Public Health
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: A baseline cross-sectional survey among female sex workers (FSWs) was conducted in four cities within the context of an implementation research project aiming to improve FSWs' access to HIV, and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. The survey measured where FSWs seek HIV/SRH care and what motivates their choice. METHODS: Using respondent-driven sampling (RDS), FWSs were recruited in Durban, South Africa (n = 400), Tete, Mozambique (n = 308), Mombasa, Kenya (n = 400) and Mysore, India (n = 458) and interviewed...
2016: PloS One
Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Farzaneh Valizadeh, Seyede Roqaie Mirshojaee, Robabeh Ahmadli, Mohsen Mokhtari, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Ali Ahmadi, Heshmatollah Rezaei, Hossein Ansari
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health is a brief measure for general health. It is a comprehensive and sensitive index for prediction of health in future. Due to the high internet usage in medical students, the current study designed to evaluate the self-rated health (SRH) in relationship with internet addiction risk factors in medical students. METHODS: This cross sectional study conducted on 254 students of Qom University of Medical Sciences 2014. Participants selected by two stage sampling method including stratified and simple random sampling...
June 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
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