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Aline Labat, Marta Medina, Mohammed Elhassein, Afrina Karim, Mohammad B Jalloh, Michèle Dramaix, Wei-Hong Zhang, Sophie Alexander, Kim E Dickson
BACKGROUND: Sexual initiation occurs early in Sierra Leone. This study aims to analyze the determinants of condom and/or contraceptive use among a representative sample of young persons (10 to 24 years) in Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a study conducted to monitor the implementation of a UNFPA package of interventions directed to improve SRH in young people of Sierra Leone. This assessment was conducted in 2016 at the end of the Ebola outbreak...
April 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
Abdulkarim M Meraya, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Xi Tan, Kim Innes, Sophie Mitra, Usha Sambamoorthi
We examine the dynamic relationships between economic status and health measures using data from 8 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 to 2013. Health measures are self-rated health (SRH) and functional limitations; economic status measures are labor income (earnings), family income, and net wealth. We use 3 different types of models: (a) ordinary least squares regression, (b) first-difference, and (c) system-generalized method of moment (GMM). Using ordinary least squares regression and first difference models, we find that higher levels of economic status are associated with better SRH and functional status among both men and women, although declines in income and wealth are associated with a decline in health for men only...
April 18, 2018: Health Economics
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Elly Nurachmah, Yati Afiyanti, Sri Yona, Rita Ismail, John Toding Padang, I Ketut Suardana, Yulia Irvan Dewit, Kelana Kusuma Dharma
While parent-adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) communication is one potential source of information for adolescents, it appears to be inadequately practiced in Indonesia. Given that female adolescents in Indonesia are faced with increased sex-related risks, it is important to understand, from parents and adolescents' perspectives, how parents communicate about SRH to their adolescents. This study was designed to investigate parents and their female adolescent children's patterns of SRH communication in West Kalimantan, Indonesia...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Yumi Iwakawa, Hisanori Imai, Hiromi Kaji, Yuki Mori, Chihiro Ono, Keiko Otsuka, Akiko Miki, Mariko Oishi
Purpose: To report a case of macular hole (MH) secondary to a retinal arterial macroaneurysm (RAMA) which was successfully treated with an autologous transplantation of internal limiting membrane (ILM). Case Report: An 87-year-old female presented with a sudden decrease in central vision in the right eye. A fundus examination revealed a RAMA in the superonasal macular region, a subretinal hemorrhage (SRH), involving the macula, and a sub-ILM hemorrhage. A pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) was performed...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Zewdie Birhanu, Kora Tushune, Mulusew G Jebena
Background: Utilizations of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services among young people is vital in reducing sexual and reproductive health problems. This study investigated young people's perceptions and barriers towards the use of sexual and reproductive health services in Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was employed to collect data from 1,262 in-school youths. Simple random sampling technique was used to select schools and study participants...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Yingnan Jia, Hua Fu, Junling Gao, Junming Dai, Pinpin Zheng
BACKGROUND: To understand the potential influencing factors on the effectiveness of workplace health promotion interventions and examine whether workplace health culture and physical environment can mediate the relationship between workplace health promotion and intervention effectiveness. METHODS: A total of 719 participants from 10 Chinese government agencies were recruited for a prospective self-controlled trial. Questionnaires, qualitative interviews, and direct observation were used for the baseline evaluation, process evaluation, and effectiveness evaluation...
April 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
Bevan Adrian Craig, Darren Peter Morton, Peter John Morey, Lillian Marton Kent, Alva Barry Gane, Terry Leslie Butler, Paul Meredith Rankin, Kevin Ross Price
BACKGROUND: The factors shaping the health of the current generation of adolescents are multi-dimensional and complex. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents attending a faith-based school system in Australia. METHODS: A total of 788 students attending 21 Seventh-day Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey that assessed SRH as well as potential determinants of SRH including the health outcomes mental health, vitality, body mass index (BMI), select health behaviors, social factors and personal demographics...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ryota Niikura, Naoyoshi Nagata, Atsuo Yamada, Hisashi Doyama, Yasutoshi Shiratori, Tsutomu Nishida, Shu Kiyotoki, Tomoyuki Yada, Tomoki Fujita, Tetsuya Sumiyoshi, Kenkei Hasatani, Tatsuya Mikami, Tetsuro Honda, Katsuhiro Mabe, Kazuo Hara, Katsumi Yamamoto, Mariko Takeda, Munenori Takata, Mototsugu Tanaka, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND: The clinical benefit of early colonoscopy within 24 h of arrival in patients with severe acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (ALGIB) remains controversial. This trial will compare early colonoscopy (performed within 24 h) versus elective colonoscopy (performed between 24 and 96 h) to examine the identification rate of stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) in ALGIB patients. We hypothesize that, compared with elective colonoscopy, early colonoscopy increases the identification of SRH and subsequently improves clinical outcomes...
April 3, 2018: Trials
Kelli Stidham Hall, Emmanuel Morhe, Abubakar Manu, Lisa H Harris, Elizabeth Ela, Dana Loll, Giselle Kolenic, Jessica L Dozier, Sneha Challa, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: Using our previously developed and tested Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale, we investigated factors associated with perceived SRH stigma among adolescent girls in Ghana. METHODS: We drew upon data from our survey study of 1,063 females 15-24yrs recruited from community- and clinic-based sites in two Ghanaian cities. Our Adolescent SRH Stigma Scale comprised 20 items and 3 sub-scales (Internalized, Enacted, Lay Attitudes) to measure stigma occurring with sexual activity, contraceptive use, pregnancy, abortion and family planning service use...
2018: PloS One
Levi Gonçalves Dos Santos, Klaus Franzreb, Fernando R Ornellas
A high level theoretical investigation of the low-lying electronic states of the diatomic dications SrO2+ and SrH2+ is presented for the first time along with experimental results of their mass spectra where they were detected. A global and reliable picture of the potential energy curves of the electronic states and the associated spectroscopic parameters provide quantitative results attesting to the thermodynamic stability of both species. Inclusion of spin-orbit interactions does not significantly change the energetic characterization...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Naoto Kamide, Yoshitaka Shiba, Miki Sakamoto, Haruhiko Sato
BACKGROUND: The Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International (Short FES-I) has been confirmed to be a good measure with reliability and validity in a UK sample; however, the reliability and validity of the Short FES-I for Japanese older people have not yet been established. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Short FES-I for Japanese older people. METHODS: The study participants were 519 older people aged 65 years and over who were living independently in their community...
March 29, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Terceira A Berdahl, Julia McQuillan
The purpose of this study is to understand self-rated health (SRH) trajectories by social location (race/ethnicity by gender by social class) among married individuals in the United States. We estimate multilevel models of SRH using six observations from 1980 to 2000 from a nationally representative panel of married individuals initially aged 25-55 (Marital Instability Over the Life Course Study). Results indicate that gender, race/ethnicity, and social class are associated with initial SRH disparities. Women are less healthy than men; people of color are less healthy than whites; lower educated individuals are less healthy than higher educated individuals...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
Deborah Finkel, Carol E Franz, Kaare Christensen, Chandra A Reynolds, Nancy L Pedersen
Objective: The current analysis examines sex differences in longitudinal changes in genetic and environmental influences on three measures of subjective health. Method: Sample includes 7372 twins (mean intake age = 73.22) with up to 8 waves of measurement (mean = 3.1). Three subjective health (SH) items were included: general self-rated health (SRH), health compared to age peers (COMP), and impact of health on activities (ACT) which previous research shows capture different frames of reference...
March 24, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Sumiyo Okawa, Sylvia Mwanza-Kabaghe, Mwiya Mwiya, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba, Chipepo Kankasa, Naoko Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV face challenges, such as disclosure of HIV status, adherence to antiretroviral therapy, mental health, and sexual and reproductive health (SRH). These challenges affect their future quality of life. However, little evidence is available on their sexual behaviors and SRH needs in Zambia. This study aimed at assessing their sexual behaviors and SRH needs and identifying factors associated with marriage concerns and a desire to have children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University Teaching Hospital from April to July 2014...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
Delanie J Losey, Emily-Jean E Ott, Miriam Arak Freedman
Aerosol particle morphology influences the effect of particles on climate. Recent studies have documented the high acidity found in many ambient aerosol particles. The effect of this acidity on phase transitions of mixed organic/inorganic aerosol particles has not been addressed. To investigate this effect, six organic compounds and ammonium sulfate are investigated individually with varying amounts of sulfuric acid to determine the role of low pH on the separation, efflorescence, and deliquescence transitions...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Linda Waldman, Tanvir Ahmed, Nigel Scott, Shahinoor Akter, Hilary Standing, Sabrina Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) which enable people to access, use and promote health information through digital technology, promise important health systems innovations which can challenge gatekeepers' control of information, through processes of disintermediation. College students, in pursuit of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, are particularly affected by gatekeeping as strong social and cultural norms restrict their access to information and services...
March 20, 2018: Globalization and Health
Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Aremis Villalobos-Hernández, Betania Allen-Leigh, Ariela Breverman-Bronstein, Deborah Lynn Billings, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga
OBJECTIVES: To describe the comprehensive sex education (CSE) coverage and to evaluate a set of indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the seven components of the CSE framework among Mexican high-school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in public and private high schools in Mexico. Questions about CSE coverage and about knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to sexual health were included...
2018: PloS One
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