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Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Ovie A Utuama, Joseph A Salami, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Erica S Spatz, Maribeth Rouseff, Don Parris, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Arthur Agatston, Theodore Feldman, Emir Veledar, Wasim Maziak, Khurram Nasir
Background: There is increasing evidence of the role psychosocial factors play as determinants of cardiovascular health (CVH). We examined the association between self-rated health (SRH) and ideal CVH among employees of a large healthcare organization. Methods: Data were collected in 2014 from employees of Baptist Health South Florida during an annual voluntary health risk assessment and wellness fair. SRH was measured using a self-administered questionnaire where responses ranged from poor, fair, good, very good to excellent...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Morteza Monavarian, Arman Rashidi, Andrew Aragon, Sang H Oh, Mohsen Nami, Steve P DenBaars, Daniel Feezell
We report the carrier dynamics and recombination coefficients in single-quantum-well semipolar (202¯1¯) InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes emitting at 440 nm with 93% peak internal quantum efficiency. The differential carrier lifetime is analyzed for various injection current densities from 5 A/cm(2) to 10 kA/cm(2), and the corresponding carrier densities are obtained. The coupling of internal quantum efficiency and differential carrier lifetime vs injected carrier density (n) enables the separation of the radiative and nonradiative recombination lifetimes and the extraction of the Shockley-Read-Hall (SRH) nonradiative (A), radiative (B), and Auger (C) recombination coefficients and their n-dependency considering the saturation of the SRH recombination rate and phase-space filling...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
Andreas Walther, Patricia Waldvogel, Emilou Noser, Jessica Ruppen, Ulrike Ehlert
Although aging increases the risk of cognitive and socioemotional deterioration, it has also been shown to be accompanied by an increase in experienced positive emotions and a decrease in negative emotions. Steroid hormones and age-related alterations in secretion patterns have been suggested to play a crucial role in these age-related changes in emotional experience. Importantly, previous studies identified effects of neuroactive hormones on age-related alterations in emotional experience, which vary by sex and depression levels...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Weizhen Dong, Jin Wan, Yanjun Xu, Chun Chen, Ge Bai, Lyuying Fang, Anjiang Sun, Yinghua Yang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: As the most populous nation in the world, China has now becoming an emerging ageing society. Shanghai is the first city facing the challenge of ageing demographics. Against this background, a study that employs self-rated health (SRH) assessment system was designed to explore the health status of Shanghai elders, and learn their attitudes toward health issues; as well as to investigate the determinants of SRH among Shanghai elders. Understanding SRH is crucial for finding appropriate solutions that could effectively tackle the increasing eldercare demand...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
Cindy L Cain, Steven Wallace, Ninez Ponce
Background and Objectives: Growing literature documents that where you live has an impact on your health, due in part to social capital. Building on social capital literature, we assess how subjective appraisals of neighborhood quality are associated with self-reported health (SRH) for older adults. Research Design and Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2014 California Health Interview Survey, a representative survey of diverse, noninstitutionalized California residents...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
Jae Hyung Lee, Mee Yon Lee, Won Ki Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and associated risk factors of massive subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) in patients with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). METHODS: A total of 187 eyes of 135 treatment-naıve patients diagnosed with RAP were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical records including the time between the initial visit, last anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment, last stable examination, and the date of massive SRH were reviewed...
2017: PloS One
Iva Šolcová, Vladimír Kebza, Miloslav Kodl, Věra Kernová
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the links between health-related indicators, adult resilience, and burnout. METHOD: The data were collected during two waves of the longitudinal study (in 2004-05, N=98, and 2011-12, N=88, respectively). Health behaviour, self-rated health (SRH), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) were measured. RESULTS: The comprehensibility of SOC and physical fatigue of SMBM as measured in wave 2 were determined by SRH as measured in wave 1...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Hanna Falk, Ingmar Skoog, Lena Johansson, Maëlenn Guerchet, Rosie Mayston, Helena Hörder, Martin Prince, A Matthew Prina
Background: empirical evidence from high-income countries suggests that self-rated health (SRH) is useful as a brief and simple outcome measure in public health research. However, in many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) there is a lack of evaluation and the cross-cultural validity of SRH remains largely untested. This study aims to explore the prevalence of SRH and its association with mortality in older adults in LMIC in order to cross-culturally validate the construct of SRH...
July 18, 2017: Age and Ageing
Edward R Berchick, Scott M Lynch
Self-rated health (SRH) is a commonly used measure for assessing general health in surveys in the United States. However, individuals from different parts of the United States may vary in how they assess their health. Geographic differences in health care access and in the prevalence of illnesses may make it difficult to discern true regional differences in health when using SRH as a health measure. In this article, we use data from the 1986 and 1989-2006 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files and estimate Cox regression models to examine whether the relationship between SRH and five-year all-cause mortality differs by Census region...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
Dana Garbarski, Jennifer Dykema, Kenneth D Croes, Dorothy F Edwards
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is widely used to measure subjective health. Yet it is unclear what underlies health ratings, with implications for understanding the validity of SRH overall and across sociodemographic characteristics. We analyze participants' explanations of how they formulated their SRH answer in addition to which health factors they considered and examine group differences in these processes. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted with 64 participants in a convenience quota sample crossing dimensions of race/ethnicity (white, Latino, black, American Indian), gender, age, and education...
October 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
Anna Oksuzyan, Prashant Kumar Singh, Kaare Christensen, Domantas Jasilionis
Background and Objectives: The present cross-sectional study examines gender differences in three major health measures among older adults in India and in China, and investigates whether these differences can be explained by major sociodemographic and health risk characteristics. Research Design and Methods: The study included 7,150 individuals in India and 13,367 individuals in China aged 50-plus who participated in the WHO Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health in 2007-2010...
July 21, 2017: Gerontologist
Tomas Zapata, Norbert Forster, Pedro Campuzano, Rejoice Kambapani, Heena Brahmbhatt, Grace Hidinua, Mohamed Turay, Simon Kimathi Ikandi, Leonard Kabongo, Farai Zariro
INTRODUCTION: During the past two decades, HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health services in Namibia have been provided in silos, with high fragmentation. As a consequence of this, quality and efficiency of services in Primary Health Care has been compromised. METHODS: We conducted an operational research (observational pre-post study) in a public health facility in Namibia. A health facility assessment was conducted before and after the integration of health services...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
Geir Fagerjord Lorem, Henrik Schirmer, Nina Emaus
BACKGROUND: Utilizing a cohort study design combining a survey approach with repeated physical examinations, we examined the independent effects of BMI on mortality and self-reported health (SRH) and whether these independent effects change as people grow older. METHODS: The Tromsø Study consists of six surveys conducted in the municipality of Tromsø, Norway, with large representative samples of a general population. In total, 31,985 subjects participated in at least one of the four surveys administered between 1986 and 2008...
October 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Svenja M Spuling, Julia K Wolff, Susanne Wurm
OBJECTIVE: Although health generally deteriorates with advancing age, how older adults evaluate their health status (i.e., their self-rated health, SRH) remains rather positive. So far, however, little is known about how SRH in old age may change in the face of an abrupt health decline. Because change/stability in SRH may reflect not only change/stability in health but also changes in the meaning people assign to the concept of "health", response shift effects in SRH for people with and without a serious health event are investigated in the present study in the older general population...
September 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Daniel A Orringer, Balaji Pandian, Yashar S Niknafs, Todd C Hollon, Julianne Boyle, Spencer Lewis, Mia Garrard, Shawn L Hervey-Jumper, Hugh J L Garton, Cormac O Maher, Jason A Heth, Oren Sagher, D Andrew Wilkinson, Matija Snuderl, Sriram Venneti, Shakti H Ramkissoon, Kathryn A McFadden, Amanda Fisher-Hubbard, Andrew P Lieberman, Timothy D Johnson, X Sunney Xie, Jay K Trautman, Christian W Freudiger, Sandra Camelo-Piragua
Conventional methods for intraoperative histopathologic diagnosis are labour- and time-intensive, and may delay decision-making during brain-tumour surgery. Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy, a label-free optical process, has been shown to rapidly detect brain-tumour infiltration in fresh, unprocessed human tissues. Here, we demonstrate the first application of SRS microscopy in the operating room by using a portable fibre-laser-based microscope and unprocessed specimens from 101 neurosurgical patients...
2017: Nature biomedical engineering
Wenhong Dong, Xiong-Fei Pan, Canqing Yu, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Tangchun Wu, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of mortality in different populations. However, the associations between SRH measures and risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) have not been extensively explored, especially in a Chinese population. METHODS AND RESULTS: More than 500 000 adults from 10 cities in China were followed from baseline (2004-2008) through December 31, 2013. Global and age-comparative SRH were reported from baseline questionnaires...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Cherie Priya Dhar, Dilu Kaflay, Nadia Dowshen, Victoria A Miller, Kenneth R Ginsburg, Frances K Barg, Katherine Yun
PURPOSE: We explored attitudes and beliefs pertaining to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among unmarried, female, resettled Bhutanese refugees 16-20 years. METHODS: Fourteen interviews were analyzed using the constant comparison method, and major themes were identified. RESULTS: SRH was stigmatized for unmarried youth, making seeking information about SRH or accessing family planning difficult. There were many misconceptions about access to SRH...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
Pia Riestra, Samson Y Gebreab, Yongmei Liu, Ana V Diez Roux, Rumana R Khan, Amadou Gaye, Ruihua Xu, S K Davis
Self-rated health (SRH) is considered a strong indicator of well-being and clinical health status and has been linked to inflammatory markers. The objective of this work was to examine how self-rated physical health (SRPH) and mental health (SRMH) influence the immune system through the regulation of a stress-related gene expression profile known as the 'conserved transcriptional response to adversity' (CTRA), which involves the up-regulation of pro-inflammatory genes and down-regulation of genes involved in type I interferon (IFN) response and antibody synthesis...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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