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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398077/dark-and-sick-light-and-healthy-black-women-s-complexion-based-health-disparities
#1
Ekeoma E Uzogara
OBJECTIVE: Although research on skin tone inequalities suggest that darker-skinned Black women should experience worse health outcomes than lighter-skinned women, findings have been mixed. The present study investigates the possibility that the manner that stress and health are measured (i.e. global versus count measures) may explain the conflicting findings. DESIGN: Black American women of different skin tones were investigated in two cross-sectional samples: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 571) and the Detroit Area Study (N = 290)...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392993/patterns-of-marijuana-and-tobacco-use-associated-with-suboptimal-self-rated-health-among-us-adult-ever-users-of-marijuana
#2
James Tsai, Italia V Rolle, Tushar Singh, Sheree L Boulet, Timothy A McAfee, Althea M Grant
The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of marijuana and tobacco use and their associations with suboptimal self-rated health (SRH) among US adults who reported "ever, even once, using marijuana or hashish." Data came from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, restricting to respondents aged 20 years and older who reported using marijuana at least once in their lifetime (n = 3,210). We assessed the age-adjusted prevalence of mutually exclusive groups of regular (at least once a month for more than one year) and non-regular marijuana smoking by current (serum cotinine ≥ 3...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382521/pathways-linking-obesity-to-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Sangshin Park
PURPOSE: Obesity is a well-recognized risk factor for impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Nevertheless, few studies have investigated the mechanisms underlying the obesity-HRQOL associations. In this study, we explored potential mediators of the associations between obesity and HRQOL. METHODS: Body mass index (BMI), an indicator of obesity, and HRQOL data were available for the 34,565 individuals 20 years of age and older participating in the cross-sectional Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012...
April 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380998/design-and-analysis-of-a-cmos-compatible-distributed-bragg-reflector-laser-based-on-highly-uniaxial-tensile-stressed-germanium
#4
Jialin Jiang, Junqiang Sun, Yang Zhou, Jianfeng Gao, Heng Zhou, Ruiwen Zhang
We design a CMOS-compatible Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) laser based on highly uniaxial tensile stressed germanium. Our design first incorporates three critical elements including high uniaxial tensile stress, low loss optical resonator and heterojunction for electrical injection. A threshold current density of 80 kA/cm<sup>2</sup> and an internal quantum efficiency of 8.5% are estimated when the Shockley-Reed-Hall (SRH) lifetime is chosen to be 3 ns. Furthermore, the performance of the DBR laser can be enhanced by improving the crystal quality and carefully designing the p-n junction...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379826/congruence-of-patient-self-rating-of-health-with-family-physician-ratings
#5
Nancy C Elder, Ryan Imhoff, Jennifer Chubinski, C Jeffrey Jacobson, Harini Pallerla, Petar Saric, Vitaliy Rotenberg, Mary Beth Vonder Meulen, Anthony C Leonard, Mark Carrozza, Saundra Regan
BACKGROUND: A single self-rated health (SRH) question is associated with health outcomes, but agreement between SRH and physician-rated patient health (PRPH) has been poorly studied. We studied patient and physician reasoning for health ratings and the role played by patient lifestyle and objective health measures in the congruence between SRH and PRPH. METHODS: Surveys of established family medicine patients and their physicians, and medical record review at 4 offices...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376911/culture-clash-investigating-constructions-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-from-the-perspective-of-1-5-generation-migrants-in-australia-using-q-methodology
#6
T Dune, J Perz, Z Mengesha, D Ayika
BACKGROUND: In Australia, those who migrate as children or adolescents (1.5 generation migrants) may have entered a new cultural environment at a crucial time in their psychosexual development. These migrants may have to contend with constructions of sexual and reproductive health from at least two cultures which may be at conflict on the matter. This study was designed to investigate the role of culture in constructions of sexual and reproductive health and health care seeking behaviour from the perspective of 1...
April 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374310/what-does-lesion-blood-flow-tell-us-about-risk-stratification-and-successful-management-of-non-variceal-ugi-bleeding
#7
REVIEW
Kevin A Ghassemi, Dennis M Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been a decline in mortality associated with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) hemorrhage as the use of urgent endoscopy has increased. This review will examine endoscopic risk stratification of non-variceal UGI bleeding (e.g., ulcers, Dieulafoy lesions, and Mallory-Weiss tears), including the use of the Doppler endoscopic probe (DEP). RECENT FINDINGS: Prospective studies evaluating the use of DEP in non-variceal UGI hemorrhage showed that lesions with high-risk stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) have a higher rate of a positive DEP signal compared to those with intermediate-risk SRH...
April 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369093/sexual-and-reproductive-health-behaviors-of-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#8
Tasnuva Wahed, Anadil Alam, Salima Sultana, Nazmul Alam, Ratana Somrongthong
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to document sexual and reproductive health (SRH) practices among female sex workers (FSWs) including abortion, pregnancy, use of maternal healthcare services and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with the aim of developing recommendations for action. METHODS: A total of 731 FSWs aged between 15 and 49 years were surveyed using a stratified sampling in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A workshop with 23 participants consisted of policy makers, researchers, program implementers was conducted to formulate recommendations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359392/large-variation-in-predictors-of-mortality-by-levels-of-self-rated-health-results-from-an-18-year-follow-up-study
#9
R Reile, A Stickley, M Leinsalu
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the variation in factors associated with mortality risk at different levels of self-rated health (SRH). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Cox regression analysis was used to examine the association between mortality and demographic, socioeconomic and health-related predictors for respondents with good, average, and poor SRH in a longitudinal data set from Estonia with up to 18 years of follow-up time...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355961/stress-sense-of-coherence-and-subjective-health-in-adolescents-aged-13-18-years
#10
Unni K Moksnes, Geir A Espnes
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationships between sex, age, stress and sense of coherence (SOC) and each of self-rated health (SRH) and subjective health complaints (SHCs) in adolescents. METHODS: The study was based on a cross-sectional sample of 1239 adolescents aged 13-18 years. The participants reported scores on a questionnaire, including 12 items assessing SHC, the 13-item version of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire and the 30-item Adolescent Stress Questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355639/occupational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-different-regions-of-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#11
Courtney L McNamara, Marlen Toch-Marquardt, Mirza Balaj, Nadine Reibling, Terje A Eikemo, Clare Bambra
Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are evident across European populations. Several previous studies have addressed the question of whether occupational inequalities in health differ across European regions. It is uncertain however, the degree to which occupational inequalities in NCDs are similar or dissimilar across different European regions. Using 2014 European Social Survey data from 20 countries, this article examines occupational inequalities in poor self-rated health (SRH) and 14 self-reported NCDs separately for women and men, by European region: heart/circulatory problems, high blood pressure, back pain, arm/hand pain, foot/leg pain, allergies, breathing problems, stomach/digestion problems, skin conditions, diabetes, severe headaches, cancer, obesity and depression...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355634/the-social-determinants-of-inequalities-in-self-reported-health-in-europe-findings-from-the-european-social-survey-2014-special-module-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#12
Mirza Balaj, Courtney L McNamara, Terje A Eikemo, Clare Bambra
Background: Health inequalities persist between and within European countries. Such inequalities are usually explained by health behaviours and according to the conditions in which people work and live. However, little is known about the relative contribution of these factors to health inequalities in European countries. This paper aims to investigate the independent and joint contribution of a comprehensive set of behavioural, occupational and living conditions factors in explaining social inequalities in self-rated health (SRH)...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302398/synthesis-of-isomeric-analogues-of-s-ribosylhomocysteine-analogues-with-homocysteine-unit-attached-to-c2-of-ribose
#13
Christiane Chbib
LuxS (S-ribosylhomocysteinase; EC 4.4.1.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of the thioether linkage in the catalytic pathway of S-ribosylhomocysteine (SRH) which produces homocysteine and 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD). DPD is the precursor of the signaling molecules known as autoinducer 2 (AI-2) responsible for the bacterial quorum sensing (QS) identified as cell to cell communication. Inhibitors of LuxS should be able to interfere with its catalytic pathway thus preventing the formation of the autoinducer molecules...
March 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296626/multiple-levels-of-social-influence-on-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-decision-making-and-behaviors-in-ghana
#14
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multilevel social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#15
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289473/assessment-of-the-association-between-dentate-status-and-self-rated-general-health
#16
Martin Ranfl, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
OBJECTIVE: Aiming at preparing the basis for evidence-based dental public health policy making in Slovenia, the objective of the study was to assess the strength of association between oral health status measured by the number of missing teeth and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: The study was designed as a pooled individual-level data study from four national cross-sectional studies carried out in the period 2001-2012, based on CINDI Health Monitor methodology...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288565/healthcare-workers-behaviors-and-personal-determinants-associated-with-providing-adequate-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#17
Kim Jonas, Rik Crutzen, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla Reddy
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers may affect the utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) services, and quality of care thereof, for example by their behaviours or attitudes they hold. This can become a hindrance to accessing and utilizing SRH services, particularly by young people, and thus a better understanding of these behaviours and associated factors is needed to improve access to and utilization of SRH services. METHODS: A systematic review of literature was conducted to identify studies focusing on healthcare workers' behaviors and personal determinants associated with providing adequate SRH services in sub-Saharan Africa (January 1990 - October 2015)...
March 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288315/social-capital-deprivation-and-self-rated-health-does-reporting-heterogeneity-play-a-role-results-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#18
M G O'Doherty, D French, A Steptoe, F Kee
Self-rated health (SRH) is commonly assessed in large surveys, though responses can be influenced by different individuals' perceptions of and beliefs about health. Therefore, instead of providing evidence of 'true' health disparities across groups, findings may actually reflect reporting heterogeneity. Using data from participants aged 50 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) Wave 3 (2006/07; participation rate = 73%), associations between three dimensions of social capital (local area & trust, social support and social networks), deprivation and SRH were examined using the vignette methodology in 2341 individuals who completed both the self-report and at least one of the 18 vignettes...
March 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286546/contraceptive-availability-leads-to-increase-in-use-in-conflict-affected-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-evidence-from-cross-sectional-cluster-surveys-facility-assessments-and-service-statistics
#19
Sara E Casey, Martin Tshipamba
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian assistance standards mandate specific attention to address the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of conflict-affected populations. Despite these internationally recognised standards, access to SRH services is still often compromised in conflict settings. CARE in collaboration with the RAISE Initiative strengthened the Ministry of Health (MOH) to provide contraceptive services in Maniema province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. This study evaluated the effectiveness of this support for MOH health facility provision of contraception...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284770/point-of-care-ultrasonography-to-assist-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subluxation-of-the-radial-head-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-series
#20
Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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