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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776844/psychosocial-predictors-and-psychological-prevention-of-soccer-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Hela Znazen, Armin Paravlic, Fairouz Azaiez, David Tod
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) the relationships between the psychosocial risk factors and injury rates and (b) the effects of psychological-based prevention interventions on the injury risk of soccer players. DESIGN: Scholarly electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus) were searched on 1 January 2017, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies. SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 13 eligible studies, including a total of 1149 injured soccer players aged between 14 and 36 years...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#2
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#3
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710097/effectiveness-of-universal-self-regulation-based-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Shikta Das, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Russell M Viner
Importance: Childhood and adolescence self-regulation (SR) is gaining importance as a target of intervention because of mounting evidence of its positive associations with health, social and educational outcomes. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of rigorously evaluated interventions to improve self-regulation in children and adolescents. Data Sources: Keyword searches of the PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, ERIC, British Education Index, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and CENTRAL were used to identify all studies published through July 2016...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705829/psychological-resources-personality-traits-and-buddhism-a-study-of-italian-young-adults
#5
Marco Giannini, Yura Loscalzo, Daniela Beraldi, Alessio Gori
We aimed to examine whether young adults practicing Buddhism have elevated levels of psychological resources and specific personality traits compared to Catholics and Atheists. We recruited 184 participants: Soka Gakkai Buddhists (n = 60); non-practicing Roman Catholic Church believers (n = 62); Atheists (n = 62). We found that the Buddhists have higher optimism than both Catholics and Atheists. They also have higher self-efficacy and self-esteem than Catholics and higher perceived social support than Atheists...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696220/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-integrated-motivational-interviewing-and-multi-modal-exercise-intervention-for-youth-with-major-depression-healthy-body-healthy-mind-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#6
Yasmina Nasstasia, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Leanne Hides, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly, Robin Callister
Background: Recent meta-analytic reviews suggest exercise can reduce depression severity among adults with major depressive disorder (MDD); however, efficacy studies with depressed youth are limited. Few studies have investigated the efficacy of multi-modal exercise interventions in this population, addressed treatment engagement, or explored the differential effects of exercise on depressive symptom profiles. Objectives: This paper describes the study protocol and recruitment pattern for an assessor blinded, two-arm randomised controlled trial investigating the efficacy of an integrated motivational interviewing (MI) and multi-modal exercise intervention in youth diagnosed with MDD...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617221/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-diabetes-related-distress-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-control-among-persons-with-diabetes-a-meta-analytic-review
#7
Leah M Bogusch, William H O'Brien
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have improved psychological outcomes for multiple chronic health conditions, including diabetes. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted on all located studies (n = 14) investigating MBIs that targeted diabetes-related distress (DRD) and diabetes-related outcomes among people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. PsychInfo, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for MBIs that were designed to improve DRD and other secondary outcomes, including quality of life and measures of metabolic control...
April 4, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610548/personality-and-neural-correlates-of-mentalizing-ability
#8
Timothy A Allen, Amanda R Rueter, Samantha V Abram, James S Brown, Colin G DeYoung
Theory of mind, or mentalizing , defined as the ability to reason about another's mental states, is a crucial psychological function that is disrupted in some forms of psychopathology, but little is known about how individual differences in this ability relate to personality or brain function. One previous study linked mentalizing ability to individual differences in the personality trait Agreeableness. Agreeableness encompasses two major subdimensions: Compassion reflects tendencies toward empathy, prosocial behavior, and interpersonal concern, whereas Politeness captures tendencies to suppress aggressive and exploitative impulses...
November 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587807/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-preceded-by-an-experimental-attention-bias-modification-procedure-in-recurrent-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Tom Østergaard, Tobias Lundgren, Robert Zettle, Rune Jonassen, Catherine J Harmer, Tore C Stiles, Nils Inge Landrø, Vegard Øksendal Haaland
BACKGROUND: This project studies the effect of group-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) following Attention Bias Modification (ABM) on residual symptoms in recurrent depression. ACT is a cognitive-behavioral intervention combining acceptance and mindfulness processes with commitment and behavior-change processes. ACT enjoys modest empirical support in treating depression and has also shown promising results in secondary prevention of depression. The experimental cognitive bias modification (ABM) procedure has been shown to reduce surrogate markers of depression vulnerability in patients in remission from depression...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575447/relations-of-mindfulness-facets-with-psychological-symptoms-among-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-or-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Fabrizio Didonna, Roberta Rossi, Clarissa Ferrari, Luca Iani, Laura Pedrini, Nicoletta Rossi, Erica Xodo, Mariangela Lanfredi
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in mindfulness facets among patients with a diagnosis of either obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or borderline personality disorder (BPD), and healthy controls (HC), and their associations with clinical features. DESIGN AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three patients and 50 HC underwent a clinical assessment including measures of mindfulness (Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - FFMQ), psychopathological symptoms (Symptom Check List-90-R), dissociation (Dissociative Experience Scale), alexithymia (Alexithymia Scale 20), and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II)...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541039/a-workplace-mindfulness-intervention-may-be-associated-with-improved-psychological-well-being-and-productivity-a-preliminary-field-study-in-a-company-setting
#11
Wendy Kersemaekers, Silke Rupprecht, Marc Wittmann, Chris Tamdjidi, Pia Falke, Rogier Donders, Anne Speckens, Niko Kohls
Background: Mindfulness trainings are increasingly offered in workplace environments in order to improve health and productivity. Whilst promising, there is limited research on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions in workplace settings. Objective: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Workplace Mindfulness Training (WMT) in terms of burnout, psychological well-being, organizational and team climate, and performance. Methods: This is a preliminary field study in four companies. Self-report questionnaires were administered up to a month before, at start of, and right at the end of the WMT, resulting in a pre-intervention and an intervention period...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530256/honoring-the-past-envisioning-the-future-abct-s-50th-anniversary-presidential-address
#12
Michelle G Craske
The theme of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT) 50th Anniversary was to honor the past and envision the future. From the wisdom, foresight, and determination of the pioneers of our organization, and the continuous upholding of the scientific method over the last 50 years, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has become the most empirically supported psychological treatment for a wide array of mental health problems. Yet, we still have a long way to go. This address outlines a vision for the future of CBT, which involves greater collaborative science, with all minds working together on the same problem, and greater attention to the risk factors and critical processes that underlie psychopathology and explain treatment change...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525978/mental-footnotes-knowledge-constructivism-from-logical-thinking-and-personal-beliefs-to-social-rationality-and-spiritual-freedom
#13
Jose Luis Vilchez
Cognition is an efficient but limited system that deals with mundane tasks. Daily life demands the system to save energy in order to be able to solve other more relevant tasks. Reasoning out every single problem would immeasurably increase our mental load and fatigue. Our minds avoid this waste of resources by taking shortcuts when reasoning. Outputs from previous episodes of reasoning turn into pieces of implicit information. These outputs go on to constitute the meanings that we give to things or circumstances, which in turn become the general framework where other reasonings occur...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525977/personal-transformation-process-of-mental-health-relief-workers-in-sichuan-earthquake
#14
Zhengjia Ren, Meng Gao, Mark Yang, Wei Qu
After Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals' lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516501/the-emotion-mapping-activity-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-informed-exercise-to-improve-emotion-labeling-in-alexithymic-persons
#15
Emily Edwards, Sindhuja Shivaji, Peggilee Wupperman
Alexithymia is a psychoemotional trait associated with many treatment-resistant psychological and social difficulties. Research suggests that these difficulties stem primarily from an inability to appropriately apply linguistic labels to emotional experiences and content. The present research introduces and preliminarily evaluates a novel mindfulness-informed exercise to improve emotion-labeling ability in alexithymic persons. Based in culturally universal patterns of somatic experience, the Emotion Mapping Activity (EMA) directs alexithymic persons to reflect on their internal, somatic experiences as a source of information for interpreting and labeling emotional experiences...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507542/-short-report-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-training-for-psychologists-working-with-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Kenneth I Pakenham, Theresa Scott, Michele Messmer Uccelli
Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is the most widely used and researched recent variant of cognitive behavioral therapy and has been shown to increase quality of life in people with chronic illnesses, including multiple sclerosis (MS). However, few MS health practitioners are trained in ACT. This study evaluated a 2-day ACT training workshop for Italian psychologists working with people with MS. Methods: Data were collected via online questionnaires from 34 psychologists before the workshop, after the workshop, and at 6-month follow-up...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502147/mindfulness-among-genetic-counselors-is-associated-with-increased-empathy-and-work-engagement-and-decreased-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue
#17
Julia Silver, Colleen Caleshu, Sylvie Casson-Parkin, Kelly Ormond
Genetic counselors experience high rates of compassion fatigue and an elevated risk for burnout, both of which can negatively impact patient care and retention in the profession. In other healthcare professions, mindfulness training has been successfully used to address similar negative psychological sequelae and to bolster empathy, which is the foundation of our counseling work. We aimed to assess associations between mindfulness and key professional variables, including burnout, compassion fatigue, work engagement, and empathy...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493266/effects-of-brief-mindfulness-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-sense-of-coherence-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#18
Dan Malm, Bengt Fridlund, Helena Ekblad, Patric Karlström, Emma Hag, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a brief dyadic cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), as well as the sense of coherence in atrial fibrillation patients, up to 12 months post atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A longitudinal randomised controlled trial with a pre and 12-month post-test recruitment of 163 persons and their spouses, at a county hospital in southern Sweden. In all, 104 persons were randomly assigned to either a CBT ( n=56) or a treatment as usual (TAU) group ( n=55)...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480886/does-a-brief-mindfulness-exercise-improve-outcomes-in-upper-extremity-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Ritsaart F Westenberg, Emily L Zale, Tessa J Heinhuis, Sezai Özkan, Adam Nazzal, Sang-Gil Lee, Neal C Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions are useful in reducing psychologic distress and pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. However, most mindfulness-based interventions are resource-intensive, lengthy, and not feasible for busy orthopaedic surgical practices. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine if a 60-second personalized mindfulness-based video exercise is (1) associated with improved pain intensity, emotional distress, and state anxiety compared with an attention placebo control (a time-matched educational pamphlet about pain and stress); and (2) feasible and acceptable for patients with upper extremity injury in an orthopaedic practice...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471669/optimizing-stress-responses-with-reappraisal-and-mindset-interventions-an-integrated-model
#20
Jeremy P Jamieson, Alia J Crum, J Parker Goyer, Marisa E Marotta, Modupe Akinola
The dominant perspective in society is that stress has negative consequences, and not surprisingly, the vast majority of interventions for coping with stress focus on reducing the frequency or severity of stressors. However, the effectiveness of stress attenuation is limited because it is often not possible to avoid stressors, and avoiding or minimizing stress can lead individuals to miss opportunities for performance and growth. Thus, during stressful situations, a more efficacious approach is to optimize stress responses (i...
May 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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