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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344846/evaluation-of-psychosocial-and-biological-parameters-in-women-seeking-for-a-caesarean-section-and-women-who-are-aiming-for-vaginal-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Benjamin Tuschy, Sebastian Berlit, Paul Stützer, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Ulf Baumgärtner, Marc Sütterlin
PURPOSE: To investigate psychosocial and biological parameters that may influence decision-making concerning the mode of delivery in women with caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Two hundred and two women were enrolled prospectively. The study sample (n = 93) consisted of women who aimed for CSMR, the control sample were women who seeked for vaginal delivery (n = 109). Parturients of both samples were enrolled during the pre-birth counselling at the delivery room at the University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343933/effects-of-maharishi-yoga-asanas-on-mood-states-happiness-and-experiences-during-meditation
#2
Sonja Gobec, Frederick Travis
Context/Background: Many studies showed positive effects of Yoga Asanas. There is no study on Maharishi Yoga Asanas yet. This research replicated and expanded observed improvements on the profile of mood states (POMS) as a result of 2-week Maharishi Yoga Asanas course. Thirteen college students taking part in a 4-week course on Maharishi Yoga Asanas were matched with 13 students taking other courses at the university. Aims and Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the effects of Maharishi Yoga Asanas on mood states, degree of happiness, and experiences in Transcendental Meditation (TM) practice...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338322/associations-of-mindfulness-with-depressive-symptoms-and-well-being-in-older-adults-the-moderating-role-of-neuroticism
#3
Ari J Elliot, Autumn M Gallegos, Jan A Moynihan, Benjamin P Chapman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether observed interactions of mindfulness with the personality trait neuroticism extend to older adults and to aspects of psychological functioning other than depressive symptoms, and whether effects of mindfulness training in this population depend on levels of neuroticism. METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for community-dwelling older adults...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317182/a-collective-perspective-shared-attention-and-the-mind
#4
REVIEW
Garriy Shteynberg
I review the recent literature on shared attention, instances in which one's personal perspective is also another's. As described by Shteynberg [6••], shared attention involves the activation of a psychological perspective that is personal and plural and irreducibly collective-a perspective in which the world is experienced from 'our attention'. When shared attention is perceived, information under shared attention receives deeper cognitive processing. By updating mutual knowledge, shared attention facilitates communication and, quite possibly, the creation of shared attitudes and beliefs...
December 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283668/mindful-activism-embracing-the-complexities-of-international-border-crossings
#5
Kathryn L Norsworthy
I am one of many psychologists from the minority world, or Global North, who regularly travel to the Global South, or majority world, to engage in activist research and practice. Drawing on postcolonial and decolonial frameworks, this testimonio discusses tensions and complexities that arise in these transnational border crossings, particularly given the current internationalization movement in U.S. psychology. A testimonio is a first-person narrative of experiences with oppression, resilience, and empowerment, that can "re-script history ...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243377/mindfulness-in-nursing-students-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-samples-of-nursing-students-in-china-the-philippines-and-south-africa
#6
David Arthur, Doroteo Dizon, Karien Jooste, Zheng Li, Mathew Salvador, Xiuyu Yao
Mindfulness as a clinical strategy for helping manage physical and psychological symptoms is gathering an impressive evidence base. It is also being embraced widely for personal and professional development. As a therapeutic intervention for nurses working across a spectrum of settings, it helps expand practice, and integrating mindfulness in nursing undergraduate and graduate curricula is imminent. In the present study, we outline the development and measurement of mindfulness as a personality trait and therapeutic intervention, and advocate the use of a questionnaire alternative to expensive and impractical laboratory measures...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214843/weaving-social-reality-around-the-grandparent-great-grandparent-with-dementia-to-maintain-relational-presence-a-verbal-and-non-verbal-dementia-interactions-model
#7
Anca M Miron, Alexandria R Ebert, Susan H McFadden, Ashley E Thompson
We proposed a dementia interactions model based on analyses of five focus groups with grandchildren of grandparents with dementia. Interactions with their grandparent with dementia motivate grandchildren to maintain connection with a grandparent who is relationally present. To do so, they weave a social reality around the grandparent. To help the grandparent remain connected, grandchildren engage in scripts and routines and employ three intertwined psychological processes: perspective taking, vigilance, and knowledge about the grandparent's preferences, personality, state of mind, and context...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170825/-psychosomatic-medicine-in-old-age
#8
Wolfgang Söllner, Christina Wunner, Elisabeth Wentzlaff, Corinne Reichhart, Barbara Stein
Approximately 25% of people over 65 years old suffer from psychiatric disorders but in cases of simultaneously occurring somatic diseases the prevalence is increased. Sickness, loss of important reference persons and life crises in older age often reactivate traumatic experiences from earlier life stages. It can be difficult to differentiate between psychological disorders and the psychological symptoms accompanying somatic illness. The biographic medical history and estimation of cognitive skills within a geriatric basis assessment should be standard in geriatric diagnostics...
November 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122031/contempt%C3%A2-%C3%A2-where-the-modularity-of-the-mind-meets-the-modularity-of-the-brain
#9
Danilo Bzdok, Leonhard Schilbach
"Contempt" is proposed to be a unique aspect of human nature, yet a non-natural kind. Its psychological construct is framed as a sentiment emerging from a stratification of diverse basic emotions and dispositional attitudes. Accordingly, "contempt" might transcend traditional conceptual levels in social psychology, including experience and recognition of emotion, dyadic and group dynamics, context-conditioned attitudes, time-enduring personality structure, and morality. This strikes us as a modern psychological account of a high-level, social-affective cognitive facet that joins forces with recent developments in the social neuroscience by drawing psychological conclusions from brain biology...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120280/self-compassion-mediates-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms
#10
Hannah J Scheibner, Anna Daniels, Simon Guendelman, Franca Utz, Felix Bermpohl
Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties with mindfulness. How mindfulness influences BPD symptoms, however, is still unknown. We hypothesized that the relationship between mindfulness and BPD symptoms would be mediated by self-compassion. In study 1, we recruited 29 individuals with BPD and 30 group-matched healthy controls. In study 2, we complemented our results with findings from a larger, nonclinical sample of 89 participants that were recruited during an open-house event at the local university...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095658/can-science-explain-the-human-mind-intuitive-judgments-about-the-limits-of-science
#11
Sara Gottlieb, Tania Lombrozo
Can science explain romantic love, morality, and religious belief? We documented intuitive beliefs about the limits of science in explaining the human mind. We considered both epistemic evaluations (concerning whether science could possibly fully explain a given psychological phenomenon) and nonepistemic judgments (concerning whether scientific explanations for a given phenomenon would generate discomfort), and we identified factors that characterize phenomena judged to fall beyond the scope of science. Across six studies, we found that participants were more likely to judge scientific explanations for psychological phenomena to be impossible and uncomfortable when, among other factors, they support first-person, introspective access (e...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077480/social-emotional-aspects-of-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Heidemarie Lex, Sara Weisenbach, Jacob Sloane, Sana Syed, Eva Rasky, Wolfgang Freidl
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory auto-immune disease of the central nervous system. It leads to many impairments including physical, cognitive, psychological, and social challenges. Our study examined gender and cultural associations with quality of life (QoL), personal characteristics, and benefits from having MS among those with MS. The study was conducted in Austria and the United States. The sample included 128 participants, 64 in each country, of whom 78 were women and 50 were men aged between 20 and 57 years...
October 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046649/psychological-flexibility-as-a-buffer-against-caregiver-distress-in-families-with-psychosis
#13
Jens E Jansen, Ulrik H Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene B Pedersen, Anne M Trauelsen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Research has shown that caregivers of persons with psychosis play an invaluable role in recovery, but unfortunately, often report high levels of distress. While cognitive models of caregiver distress have been well-supported, there is still limited knowledge of the psychological factors involved. Recent advances in cognitive behavioral therapy seem to converge on the importance of acceptance- and mindfulness based processes. Aim: To examine the impact of psychological flexibility on caregiver distress in the early phases of psychosis, while controlling for known predictors of caregiver distress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026290/mindfulness-training-for-psychological-stress-in-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Zheng Liu, Qian-Lin Chen, Yu-Ying Sun
Caring for a relative with dementia is extremely challenging; conventional interventions may not be highly effective or easily available on some occasions. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of mindfulness training in improving stress-related outcomes in family caregivers of people with dementia using a meta-analytic review. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCT) through April 2017 from five electronic databases, and assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Seven RCTs were included in our review...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972852/how-the-study-of-cognitive-growth-can-benefit-from-a-cultural-lens
#15
Robert Serpell
Applications of psychology to education and assessment often take for granted Western cultural assumptions about the nature of intelligence, ignore cultural features of human cognition other than language, and liken the influence of socialization on development to biological nutrition. Such oversimplifications can lead to stigmatizing culturally different persons as atypical or deficient and to perpetuating oppressive cultural hegemony. A cultural lens can benefit psychological science by facilitating communication with diverse audiences, channeling new knowledge into social progress, and generating theoretical insights about human behavior and experience, such as linguistic flexibility as a dimension of cognition, social responsibility as a dimension of intelligence, and intimate culture as a filter between larger social representations and the frame of reference for an individual mind...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962853/a-minimal-dose-approach-to-resistance-training-for-the-older-adult-the-prophylactic-for-aging
#16
James P Fisher, James Steele, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing, Wayne L Westcott
A plethora of research has supported the numerous health benefits of resistance training as we age, including positive relationships between muscular strength, muscle mass and reduced all-cause mortality. As such, resistance training has been referred to as medicine. However, participation and adherence remains low, with time constraints and perceived difficulty often cited as barriers to resistance training. With this in mind, we aimed to summarise the benefits which might be obtained as a product of a minimal dose approach...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953796/the-magic-of-caressing-the-mind-by-touching-the-body-take-care-of-depression-face-up-to-cancer-a-new-frontier-of-psycho-oncology
#17
Maria Grazia Spurio
BACKGROUND: The new frontier of research in all areas that deal with health and wellness (medicine, psychotherapy, personal care in general) sees the increase of projects in which the individual is center-placed, as a whole, in a holistic view. The mind and the body are inseparable, as in a circularity and recursivity unique for each individual (Spurio, M.G., 2015). The results of the most innovative research would seem to suggest, therefore, that a state of psychological distress or depression, is often related to physiological problems, from physical discomfort in general up to illnesses such as cancer...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933874/wisdom-bias-and-balance-toward-a-process-sensitive-measurement-of-wisdom-related-cognition
#18
Justin P Brienza, Franki Y H Kung, Henri C Santos, D Ramona Bobocel, Igor Grossmann
Philosophers and behavioral scientists refer to wisdom as unbiased reasoning that guides one toward a balance of interests and promotes a good life. However, major instruments developed to test wisdom appear biased, and it is unclear whether they capture balance-related tendencies. We examined whether shifting from global, de-contextualized reports to state-level reports about concrete situations provides a less biased method to assess wise reasoning (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change, consideration of the broader context at hand and perspectives of others, integration of these perspectives or compromise), which may be aligned with the notion of balancing interests...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923751/effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-emotional-and-physiologic-recovery-from-induced-negative-affect
#19
Alexandra D Crosswell, Patricia I Moreno, Elizabeth B Raposa, Sarosh J Motivala, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness training has been shown to improve psychological well-being and physical health. One proposed pathway for the positive effects of mindfulness training is through the development of new emotion regulation strategies, such as the ability to experience emotions by observing and accepting them without judgment. Theoretically, this should facilitate recovery from negative emotional states; however, this has rarely been examined empirically. The goal of the current study was to determine whether mindfulness training is associated with more efficient emotional and cardiovascular recovery from induced negative affect...
December 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919868/the-affective-core-of-the-self-a-neuro-archetypical-perspective-on-the-foundations-of-human-and-animal-subjectivity
#20
REVIEW
Antonio Alcaro, Stefano Carta, Jaak Panksepp
Psychologists usually considered the "Self" as an object of experience appearing when the individual perceives its existence within the conscious field. In accordance with such a view, the self-representing capacity of the human mind has been related to corticolimbic learning processes taking place within individual development. On the other hand, Carl Gustav Jung considered the Self as the core of our personality, in its conscious and unconscious aspects, as well as in its actual and potential forms. According to Jung, the Self originates from an inborn dynamic structure integrating the essential drives of our "brain-mind," and leading both to instinctual behavioral actions and to archetypal psychological experiences...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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