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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103700/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-health-and-social-care-undergraduate-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Michelle O'Driscoll, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Sharon Lambert, Laura J Sahm
Health and social care undergraduate students experience stress due to high workloads and pressure to perform. Consequences include depression and burnout. Mindfulness may be a suitable way to reduce stress in health and social care degree courses. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and critically appraise the literature on the effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for health and social care undergraduate students. PubMed, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and Academic Search Complete were searched from inception to 21st November 2016...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093026/out-of-sight-out-of-mind-racial-retrieval-cues-increase-the-accessibility-of-social-justice-concepts
#2
Phia S Salter, Nicholas J Kelley, Ludwin E Molina, Luyen T Thai
Photographs provide critical retrieval cues for personal remembering, but few studies have considered this phenomenon at the collective level. In this research, we examined the psychological consequences of visual attention to the presence (or absence) of racially charged retrieval cues within American racial segregation photographs. We hypothesised that attention to racial retrieval cues embedded in historical photographs would increase social justice concept accessibility. In Study 1, we recorded gaze patterns with an eye-tracker among participants viewing images that contained racial retrieval cues or were digitally manipulated to remove them...
January 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080126/know-thy-enemy-education-about-terrorism-improves-social-attitudes-toward-terrorists
#3
Jordan Theriault, Peter Krause, Liane Young
Hatred of terrorists is an obstacle to the implementation of effective counterterrorism policies-it invites indiscriminate retaliation, whereas many of the greatest successes in counterterrorism have come from understanding terrorists' personal and political motivations. Drawing from psychological research, traditional prejudice reduction strategies are generally not well suited to the task of reducing hatred of terrorists. Instead, in 2 studies, we explored education's potential ability to reduce extreme negative attitudes toward terrorists...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032078/adolescents-interpretation-of-the-concept-of-wellness-a-qualitative-study
#4
Ezihe Loretta Ahanonu, Karien Jooste
Introduction: This study sought to explore and describe the interpretation which adolescents ascribe to the term wellness at a selected high school in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Methods: A qualitative research design was utilized. Nine focus-group discussions were conducted among 58 adolescents. Sample was selected purposefully and collected data was analyzed using open coding. Results: Findings reflected adolescents' interpretations of the term wellness in the realm of holistic well-being transcending the nonexistence of illness or sickness in the body...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018270/psychological-effects-of-a-1-month-meditation-retreat-on-experienced-meditators-the-role-of-non-attachment
#5
Jesus Montero-Marin, Marta Puebla-Guedea, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Ausias Cebolla, Joaquim Soler, Marcelo Demarzo, Carmelo Vazquez, Fernando Rodríguez-Bornaetxea, Javier García-Campayo
Background: There are few studies devoted to assessing the impact of meditation-intensive retreats on the well-being, positive psychology, and personality of experienced meditators. We aimed to assess whether a 1-month Vipassana retreat: (a) would increase mindfulness and well-being; (b) would increase prosocial personality traits; and (c) whether psychological changes would be mediated and/or moderated by non-attachment. Method: A controlled, non-randomized, pre-post-intervention trial was used. The intervention group was a convenience sample (n = 19) of experienced meditators who participated in a 1-month Vipassana meditation retreat...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965839/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychopathology-in-relatives-of-missing-persons-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Ineke Wessel, Jos de Keijser, Paul A Boelen
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that the grieving process of relatives of missing persons is complicated by having to deal with uncertainty about the fate of their loved one. We developed a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with mindfulness that focuses on dealing with this uncertainty. In this article, we elucidate the rationale of a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) for testing the feasibility and potential effectiveness of this CBT for reducing symptoms of psychopathology in relatives of missing persons...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876343/implications-of-the-idea-of-neurodiversity-for-understanding-the-origins-of-developmental-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Nobuo Masataka
Neurodiversity, a term initially used mostly by civil and human rights movements since the 1990s, refers to the notion that cognitive as well as emotional properties characteristic of developmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not necessarily deficits, but fall within normal behavioural variations exhibited by humans. The purpose of the present article is to examine the relevance of this notion to scientific research on ASD. On the assumption that one crucial survival advantage of intelligent activity is vigilance toward dangers in the external world, and such vigilance must work in the social domain as well as in the non-social domain, the author argues that the pattern of operation of an individual person's mind can be categorized according to the domain toward which that individual is more oriented...
November 9, 2016: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862960/mindfulness-as-a-personal-resource-to-reduce-work-stress-in-the-job-demands-resources-model
#8
Steven L Grover, Stephen T T Teo, David Pick, Maree Roche
Based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) model, this study examines the different ways that the personal resource of mindfulness reduces stress. Structural equation modeling based on data from 415 Australian nurses shows that mindfulness relates directly and negatively to work stress and perceptions of emotional demands as well as buffering the relation of emotional demands on psychological stress. This study contributes to the literature by employing empirical analysis to the task of unravelling how personal resources function within the JD-R model...
November 9, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862646/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-positive-affect-skill-intervention-lessons-in-linking-affect-and-coping-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#9
Elaine O Cheung, Michael A Cohn, Laura B Dunn, Michelle E Melisko, Stefana Morgan, Frank J Penedo, John M Salsman, Dianne M Shumay, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized pilot trial to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a 5 week positive affect skills intervention (LILAC: lessons in linking affect and coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Additionally, we examined whether online delivery of the intervention would offer comparable benefits as in-person delivery. METHODS: Women with metastatic breast cancer (N = 39) were randomized to an in-person intervention, online intervention, or in-person attention-matched control...
November 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855426/idiopathic-scoliosis-from-psychopathological-and-mind-body-medicine-perspectives
#10
Goran Talić, Ljerka Ostojić, Snježana Novaković Bursać, Tatjana Nožica-Radulović, Đurđica Stevanović-Papić
Idiopathic scoliosis, defined as a three-dimensional spine and trunk deformity, which appears in otherwise healthy subjects, exhibits complex relations with various forms of personal well-being and psychopathology. Most research studies have documented a higher proportion of psychological disturbances (e.g., self-criticism, negative body image, low self-esteem) and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders, personality disorders) among idiopathc scoliosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849483/soldier-health-habits-and-the-metabolically-optimized-brain
#11
Karl E Friedl, Torbjorn J Breivik, Robert Carter, Dieter Leyk, Per Kristian Opstad, John Taverniers, Marion Trousselard
Human performance enhancement was the subject of a NATO workshop that considered the direct benefits of individual soldier health and fitness habits to brain health and performance. Some of the important health and fitness include physical activity and purposeful exercise, nutritional intake, sleep and rest behaviors, psychological outlook and mindfulness, and other physiologically based systemic challenges such as thermal exposure. These influences were considered in an integrated framework with insights contributed by each of five participating NATO member countries using representative research to highlight relevant interrelationships...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812840/the-role-of-perceived-stress-and-self-efficacy-in-young-people-s-life-satisfaction-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Kaspar Burger, Robin Samuel
Life satisfaction is an important indicator of successful development. However, adolescents' life satisfaction tends to be relatively unsteady, and environmental influences play a critical role in shaping life satisfaction among adolescents in the transition to young adulthood. Given the paramount importance that education plays in adolescents' lives, adolescents' life satisfaction may vary as a function of school-related stress experience. At the same time, coping resources may help reduce adverse effects of stress on life satisfaction...
January 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766088/effectiveness-of-caregiver-training-in-mindfulness-based-positive-behavior-support-mbpbs-vs-training-as-usual-tau-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Nirbhay N Singh, Giulio E Lancioni, Bryan T Karazsia, Jeffrey Chan, Alan S W Winton
Caregivers of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often end up having their medical and psychological well-being compromised due to the stressful nature of caregiving, especially when those in their care engage in aggressive behavior. In this study, we provided caregivers with mindfulness-based training to enable them to better manage their psychological well-being and, through this, to also enhance specific indices of quality of life of the individuals in their care. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) the comparative effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) and Training-as-Usual (TAU) for caregivers in a congregate care facility for individuals with severe and profound IDD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762576/-does-reading-a-single-passage-of-literary-fiction-really-improve-theory-of-mind-an-attempt-at-replication-correction-to-panero-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Does Reading a Single Passage of Literary Fiction Really Improve Theory of Mind? An Attempt at Replication" by Maria Eugenia Panero, Deena Skolnick Weisberg, Jessica Black, Thalia R. Goldstein, Jennifer L. Barnes, Hiram Brownell and Ellen Winner (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 19, 2016, np). In the article, due to an error in stimulus construction, four items (three authors, one foil) were omitted from the ART presented to all participants tested by Research Group 1...
November 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683567/emotion-regulation-in-schema-therapy-and-dialectical-behavior-therapy
#15
Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Desiree Martius, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz
Schema therapy (ST) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) have both shown to be effective treatment methods especially for borderline personality disorder. Both, ST and DBT, have their roots in cognitive behavioral therapy and aim at helping patient to deal with emotional dysregulation. However, there are major differences in the terminology, explanatory models and techniques used in the both methods. This article gives an overview of the major therapeutic techniques used in ST and DBT with respect to emotion regulation and systematically puts them in the context of James Gross' process model of emotion regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663819/the-new-functional-identity-a-body-that-thinks-a-mind-that-feels-frontiers-and-unexplored-territories-of-the-body-and-mind-zone
#16
Maria Grazia Spurio
For a long time, terms like "mind" and "emotion" have rarely been taken into account, not even mentioned in the medical texts. The latest scientific researches, including the studies of Candace Pert, on the contrary, have emphasized that the entire body thinks, because every single cell hears, and feels emotions. The international researcher has discovered the endocrines and a vast number of neuropeptides, that work as an "information network" that interconnects the entire body, the "psychic" molecules are transmitted and travel, communicating information as in a circular and recursive body - mind mechanism...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626078/how-to-avoid-facial-nerve-injury-in-mastoidectomy
#17
REVIEW
Nam-Gyu Ryu, Jin Kim
Unexpected iatrogenic facial nerve paralysis not only affects facial disfiguration, but also imposes a devastating effect on the social, psychological, and economic aspects of an affected person's life at once. The aims of this study were to postulate where surgeons had mistakenly drilled or where obscured by granulations or by fibrous bands and to look for surgical approach with focused on the safety of facial nerve in mastoid surgery. We had found 14 cases of iatrogenic facial nerve injury (IFNI) during mastoid surgery for 5 years in Korea...
September 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557797/following-my-head-and-my-heart-integrating-preschoolers-empathy-theory-of-mind-and-moral-judgments
#18
Courtney L Ball, Judith G Smetana, Melissa L Sturge-Apple
Associations among hypothetical, prototypic moral, and conventional judgments; theory of mind (ToM); empathy; and personal distress were examined in 108 socioeconomically diverse preschoolers (Mage  = 42.94 months, SD = 1.42). Repeated measures analysis of covariance with empathy, false beliefs, and their interaction as covariates indicated that empathy was significantly associated with judgments of greater moral but not conventional transgression severity, particularly for psychological harm, and with deserved punishment for unfairness...
August 25, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541054/attitudes-toward-combining-psychological-mind-body-therapies-and-nutritional-approaches-for-the-enhancement-of-mood
#19
Taryn Jade Lores, Miriam Henke, Anna Chur-Hansen
Context • Interest has been rising in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for the promotion of health and treatment of disease. To date, the majority of CAM research has focused on exploring the demographic characteristics, attitudes, and motivations of CAM users and on the efficacy of different therapies and products. Less is known with respect to the psychological characteristics of people who use CAM. Previous research has not investigated the usefulness of integrating mind-body therapies with natural products in a combined mood intervention...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540315/psychological-literacy-proceed-with-caution-construction-ahead
#20
REVIEW
Douglas D Murdoch
Psychological literacy is the ethical application of psychological skills and knowledge. This could benefit individuals in their personal, occupational, and civic lives and subsequently benefit society as a whole. We know that psychology has a wide-ranging impact on society. The potential benefits of a psychologically literate citizenry in improved parenting, better business practices, enlightened legislation, and many other areas make this a desirable goal. It has been proposed that this should become the primary goal of an undergraduate psychology education to benefit the majority who do not go on to graduate school and even those who only take a few psychology courses...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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