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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327602/combination-therapy-versus-exercise-and-orthotic-support-in-the-management-of-pain-in-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the effectiveness of two commonly used modalities-extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT)-each combined with usual care (exercises and orthotic supports) in comparison to only usual care to relieve pain in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Participants with PF were randomly allocated into 3 groups: ESWT (n = 25), LLLT (n = 24), and control (n = 17). All participants received a home exercise program with orthotic support...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322812/adjustment-to-finger-amputation-and-silicone-finger-prosthesis-use
#2
Zala Kuret, Helena Burger, Gaj Vidmar, Tomaz Maver
PURPOSE: Finger amputations are the most common amputations of upper limbs. They influence hand function, general functioning and quality of life. One of the possibilities for rehabilitation after finger amputation is fitting a silicone finger prosthesis. We wanted to evaluate the adjustment to amputation and prosthesis use in patients after finger amputation. METHODS: We included 42 patients with partial or complete single or multiple finger amputation of one hand who visited the outpatient clinic for prosthetics and orthotics at our institute and received a silicone prosthesis...
January 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320560/measurements-agreement-between-low-cost-and-high-level-handheld-3d-scanners-to-scan-the-knee-for-designing-a-3d-printed-knee-brace
#3
Yoann Dessery, Jari Pallari
Use of additive manufacturing is growing rapidly in the orthotics field. This technology allows orthotics to be designed directly on digital scans of limbs. However, little information is available about scanners and 3D scans. The aim of this study is to look at the agreement between manual measurements, high-level and low-cost handheld 3D scanners. We took two manual measurements and three 3D scans with each scanner from 14 lower limbs. The lower limbs were divided into 17 sections of 30mm each from 180mm above the mid-patella to 300mm below...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319651/proper-education-on-spinal-orthotics-a-way-to-minimize-associated-complications
#4
Christopher Elia, Katie Huynh, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
Spinal orthotic bracing is a common modality for treating nonoperative spinal fractures with risks. This study aimed to assess the effect of an intervention on critical care nurses to improve their clinical knowledge and comfort level of managing patients. A literature review was conducted regarding common complications associated with spinal orthotics. This information was compiled and used to create a questionnaire and spinal orthotic course for nurses. Pre- and postassessments of nurses' knowledge regarding spinal orthotics were conducted...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316848/integrated-wearable-and-self-carrying-active-upper-limb-orthosis
#5
Roberto Merchant, David Cruz-Ortiz, Mariana Ballesteros-Escamilla, Isaac Chairez
The aim of this study was to develop a prototype of an orthotic system that can be used as a support tool in the rehabilitation of the upper limb. The construction of this device was motivated by the increasing number of subjects suffering from full or partial loss of the upper limb function as a consequence of spinal cord injuries, strokes, occupational syndromes and sports injuries. The majority of procedures used in upper limb rehabilitation consist of repetitive movements enforced by physiotherapists; a robotic device executing the same tasks seems to be a plausible solution if the orthosis can be programmed and controlled automatically...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310882/high-incidence-of-recurrent-ulceration-and-major-amputations-associated-with-charcot-foot
#6
Fredrik A Nilsen, Marius Molund, Kjetil H Hvaal
Few studies have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of Charcot foot. The present study evaluated the long-term effects of Charcot foot in a population treated with early weightbearing in a removable Charcot restraint orthotic walker. A retrospective study of 62 consecutive patients (74 feet) treated for Charcot foot from January 2003 to March 2014 was conducted. Of the 74 affected feet, 48 (64.9%) had developed an ulcer. The total amputation rate was 25.7% (19 feet), and 11 feet (14.9%) underwent major amputations...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300225/articular-cartilage-injury-pathways-and-treatment-options
#7
Timothy M Simon, Douglas W Jackson
Articular cartilage injury and degeneration is a frequent occurrence in synovial joints. Treatment of these articular cartilage lesions are a challenge because this tissue is incapable of quality repair and/or regeneration to its native state. Nonoperative treatments endeavor to control symptoms, and include anti-inflammatory medication, viscosupplementation, bracing, orthotics, and activity modification. Techniques to stimulate the intrinsic repair (fibrocartilage) process include drilling, abrasion, and microfracture of the subchondral bone...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299766/patient-perceived-outcomes-after-subtalar-arthroereisis-with-bioabsorbable-implants-for-flexible-flatfoot-in-growing-age-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#8
Cesare Faldini, Antonio Mazzotti, Alessandro Panciera, Valentina Persiani, Francesco Pardo, Fabrizio Perna, Sandro Giannini
PURPOSE: Results of subtalar arthroereisis in flexible flatfoot have been mainly reported in the literature using clinical or radiographical findings. However, the aim of this study is to evaluate the patient-perceived quality of life using self-reported questionnaires after subtalar arthroereisis using a bioabsorbable implant. METHODS: Italian modified FFI and the SEFAS scores were submitted to a consecutive series of 173 patients who underwent surgical treatment for flatfoot deformity using a bioabsorbable endo-orthotic implant...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290504/conservative-management-of-trigger-finger-a-systematic-review
#9
Dianna Lunsford, Kristin Valdes, Selena Hengy
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review INTRODUCTION: Trigger finger (TF) is a common condition in the hand. The primary purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence to determine the efficacy of orthotic management of TF. A secondary purpose was to identify the characteristics of the orthotic management. The tertiary purpose of this study was to ascertain if the studies used a patient-reported outcome to assess gains from the patient's perspective. METHODS: All studies including randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective cohort studies were included in this review due to limited high-level evidence...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286358/is-wrist-splint-more-effective-than-forearm-band-for-lateral-epicondylitis
#10
Arturo Meissner, María Ignacia Vives, Javier Román, Arturo Meissner
INTRODUCTION: Lateral epicondylitis is a common cause of lateral elbow pain. There are many treatments able to improvement symptoms, including orthotic devices. The main available orthosis are wrist splint and forearm band. However, it is not clear which one constitutes the best alternative for symptomatic treatment. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
December 28, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273892/low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-management-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
This study aimed at estimating the extent to which a combination therapy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with exercise and orthotic support (usual care) affects functional ability in the patient with plantar fasciitis (PF) when compared to usual care alone. Participants with PF were randomly allocated into two groups: LLLT (n = 27) and control (n = 22). All the participants received home exercise program with orthotic support. In addition, the LLLT group received a gallium-aluminum-arsenide laser with a 850-nm wavelength for ten sessions, three times a week...
December 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244535/whether-flexible-flatfoot-needs-the-treatment-an-observation-of-plantar-pressure-effects-on-adults-with-flexible-flatfoot-by-wearing-over-the-counter-insoles-when-walking-on-level-surface-upstairs-and-downstairs
#12
JunNa Zhai, Jue Wang, YuSheng Qiu
BACKGROUND: Orthotic insole is one popular physiotherapy for flatfoot. However, the effects and if flexible flatfoot needs the treatment are not clear and how the plantar pressure change while walking upstairs and downstairs had not been studied. This study observed the plantar pressure of different walking condition to find out the answers. METHODS: Fifteen adults with flexible flatfoot and fifteen adults with normal foot were examined while walking on a level surface, walking up and down 10 cm and 20 cm stairs before treatment...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240587/reclaiming-autologous-amputated-tissue-for-limb-salvage-of-a-diabetic-foot-burn-with-underlying-critical-limb-ischemia
#13
Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Andrew M Wishy, Kaitlyn I M West, David L Dawson, Sara E Dahle, John G Carson
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide pandemic that impacts more than 387 million people, with 29 million individuals affected in the United States alone. Diabetic patients have a 25% lifetime risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Having a DFU is associated with a risk of recurrence approaching 70%. In addition, 1 in 6 patients with DFU will have a lower-limb amputation, with an associated increase in mortality ranging from 47% to 70%. Therefore, limb salvage is critical in patients with DFU...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232751/-prosthetics-and-orthotics-prosthetic-fitting-in-lower-extremity-in-transfemoral-amputation
#14
Bernhard Greitemann
Modern prosthetic equipment often enables reintegration of patients with the amputation of a lower limb into their private life, their professional and social environment to a large extent. Provisioning of the lower extremity with artificial limbs aims at a life as normal as possible for the involved individual. The modules are selected in an interdisciplinary team. An optimal fitting of the socket, the correct static set-up, the appropriate fitting as well as cosmetic aspects are the essential basis for a sufficient provisioning...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224897/foot-exercise-and-orthotics-more-effective-than-knee-exercise-in-pfj-pain
#15
EDITORIAL
Gordon S Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216771/survey-of-the-functional-priorities-in-patients-with-disability-due-to-neuromuscular-disorders
#16
Nivedita U Jerath, Kevin Simoens, Dylan Mann, Steph Kollasch, Nicole Grosland, Karim A Malik, Chandan G Reddy
TITLE: Survey of the functional priorities in patients with disability due to neuromuscular disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine the functional priorities for patients with neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: A survey asking about functional priorities with respect to activities of daily living, ankle foot orthotic design, and assistive device design, was distributed to patients with neuromuscular disorders to assess the needs of patients from their perspectives...
December 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211627/proprioceptive-flexible-fluidic-actuators-using-conductive-working-fluids
#17
Tim Helps, Jonathan Rossiter
Soft robotic systems generally require both soft actuators and soft sensors to perform complex functions. Separate actuators and sensors are often combined into one composite device when proprioception (self-sensing) is required. In this article, we introduce the concept of using a conductive liquid to perform both the sensing and actuation functions of a proprioceptive soft actuator. The working fluid drives actuator deformation while simultaneously acting as a strain-sensing component for detecting actuator deformation...
December 6, 2017: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197918/the-potential-of-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-foot-orthotics-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Petcu, Delia Alexandrina Mitrea, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Elena Rodica Perciun
Foot orthotics prescription is based on the foot functioning paradigms with tissue stress theory being in avant-garde. The main goal of orthotic therapy is to reduce the internal tissue's pathological stresses in the foot structures. Traditionally, ultrasound scanning technique depicts anatomic related data of both common and uncommon pathology encountered in the clinical practice, helping in diagnosing, treating and evaluating, which are equally important for the practitioners. Its accessibility, compared to biomechanical modelling, makes this technique a valuable tool in the field of foot and ankle disorders...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182042/greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-and-gluteus-medius-and-minimus-tendinosis-nonsurgical-treatment
#19
Ana Torres, Mariano Fernández-Fairen, José Sueiro-Fernández
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) affects 10-25% of people in developed countries. The underlying etiology for GTPS is most commonly the tendinosis or a tendon tear of the gluteus medius, minimus or both at the greater trochanter; the inflammation of the tendon is not a major feature. We critically evaluated conservative treatment, for which we reviewed 76 publications, grading them according to four levels of evidence. We identified a wide variety of conservative treatment options: home therapy (insoles, walking sticks/crutches, orthotic devices, stretching exercises and preventive measures); physiotherapy (massage and stretching exercises); infiltrations (corticosteroids and local anesthetics); image-guided infiltrations (fluoroscopy and ultrasound); shockwave therapy; platelet-rich plasma injection; and drug therapy...
January 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168769/early-detection-of-the-initiation-of-sit-to-stand-posture-transitions-using-orthosis-mounted-sensors
#20
Abul Doulah, Xiangrong Shen, Edward Sazonov
Assistance during sit-to-stand (SiSt) transitions for frail elderly may be provided by powered orthotic devices. The control of the powered orthosis may be performed by the means of electromyography (EMG), which requires direct contact of measurement electrodes to the skin. The purpose of this study was to determine if a non-EMG-based method that uses inertial sensors placed at different positions on the orthosis, and a lightweight pattern recognition algorithm may accurately identify SiSt transitions without false positives...
November 23, 2017: Sensors
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