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Akshay S Desai, Jiankang Liu, Marc A Pfeffer, Brian Claggett, Jerome Fleg, Eldrin F Lewis, Sonja McKinlay, Eileen O'Meara, Sanjiv J Shah, Nancy K Sweitzer, Scott Solomon, Bertram Pitt
BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) randomized in the Americas as part of the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist (TOPCAT) trial, treatment with spironolactone enhanced the risk of hyperkalemia but reduced the risk of hypokalemia. We examined the clinical correlates and prognostic implications of incident hypo- and hyperkalemia during study follow-up. METHODS: We defined the region-specific incidence of hypokalemia (potassium [K+ ] <3...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Yongjuan Luo, Yujie Liu, Xin Guan, Ying Zhang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the recommended treatment for high risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of three dimensional-speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) on patients diagnosed with NSTEMI undergoing PCI. METHODS: Forty-four NSTEMI patients and 20 healthy subjects that received basic clinical and laboratory examinations were included in our study...
2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Justin A Ezekowitz, Finlay A McAlister, Jonathan Howlett, Wendimagegn Alemayehu, Ian Paterson, Israel Belenkie, Gavin Y Oudit, Padma Kaul, Jason R Dyck, Todd Anderson
AIMS: Heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) remains a difficult clinical diagnosis. The aim of this study was to test the utility of established criteria to classify patients with HF-PEF. We prospectively enrolled patients into one of five groups across a spectrum of cardiac disease and applied three different criteria for HF-PEF and calculated diagnostic metrics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 565 patients were included in the analysis, including 170 patients with an adjudicated diagnosis of HF-PEF, 152 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, 152 patients at risk for heart failure, and 91 age-matched healthy controls...
February 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Jesús Casado, Marta Sánchez, Vanesa Garcés, Luis Manzano, José Manuel Cerqueiro, Francisco Epelde, David García-Escrivá, José Pérez-Silvestre, José Luis Morales, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides or the blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (BUN/creat) can identify high- vs low-risk renal impairment (RI) in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF). However, the situation in HF patients with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) and mid-range ejection fraction (HF-MREF) remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated patients from the Spanish National Registry of Heart Failure (RICA) that were admitted to Internal Medicine units with acute decompensated HF...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Azmil H Abdul-Rahim, Ana-Cristina Perez, Rachael L MacIsaac, Pardeep S Jhund, Brian L Claggett, Peter E Carson, Michel Komajda, Robert S McKelvie, Michael R Zile, Karl Swedberg, Salim Yusuf, Marc A Pfeffer, Scott D Solomon, Gregory Y H Lip, Kennedy R Lees, John J V McMurray
Aims: The incidence and predictors of stroke in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF), but without atrial fibrillation (AF), are unknown. We described the incidence of stroke in HF-PEF patients with and without AF and predictors of stroke in those without AF. Methods and results: We pooled data from the CHARM-Preserved and I-Preserve trials. Using Cox regression, we derived a model for stroke in patients without AF in this cohort and compared its performance with a published model in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF)-predictive variables: age, body mass index, New York Heart Association class, history of stroke, and insulin-treated diabetes...
March 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
N S Luo, H F Zhang, P M Liu, Y Q Lin, T C Huang, Y Yang, J F Wang
Objective: Diagnostic efficacy of serum markers is low for heart failure patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-pEF) as compared to heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction.We sought to explore the diagnostic value of serum levels of soluble ST2 (sST2) combined with interleukin-33 (IL-33) for the diagnosis of HF-pEF in this study. Methods: A total of 376 patients with HF-pEF (HF group), 376 matched-control patients without heart failure who shared similar clinical characteristics (non-HF group) were included in the study...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Vaibhav B Patel, Judith N Lezutekong, Xueyi Chen, Gavin Y Oudit
Heart failure (HF) is a common cause of death and disability and a major economic burden in industrialized nations. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in North America, with ischemic and hypertensive heart disease as the leading cause of HF. Various basic and clinical studies have established the role of an activated renin-angiotensin (Ang) system and Ang II generation in the progression of HF. Inhibition of an activated renin-Ang system using Ang-converting enzyme inhibitors, Ang II type 1 receptor blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists have shown clinical benefits in patients with HF, although, largely limited to HF with reduced ejection fraction (HF-rEF)...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
D Aras, S Aydogdu, E Bozkurt, Y Cavusoglu, M Eren, C Erol, S Gulec, F Sarioz, Z Ongen, O Ozdemir, L Tokgozoglu, E Yeter, M B Yilmaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Siddique A Abbasi, Ravi V Shah, Steven E McNulty, Adrian F Hernandez, Marc J Semigran, Gregory D Lewis, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Raymond J Kim, Margaret M Redfield, Raymond Y Kwong
Given the emerging recognition of left atrial structure and function as an important marker of disease in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HF-pEF), we investigated the association between left atrial volume and function with markers of disease severity and cardiac structure in HF-pEF. We studied 100 patients enrolled in the PhosphdiesteRasE-5 Inhibition to Improve CLinical Status and EXercise Capacity in Diastolic Heart Failure (RELAX) trial who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and blood collection before randomization...
2016: PloS One
Ali Amr, Elham Kayvanpour, Farbod Sedaghat-Hamedani, Tiziano Passerini, Viorel Mihalef, Alan Lai, Dominik Neumann, Bogdan Georgescu, Sebastian Buss, Derliz Mereles, Edgar Zitron, Andreas E Posch, Maximilian Würstle, Tommaso Mansi, Hugo A Katus, Benjamin Meder
The search for a parameter representing left ventricular relaxation from non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tools has been extensive, since heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HF-pEF) is a global health problem. We explore here the feasibility using patient-specific cardiac computer modeling to capture diastolic parameters in patients suffering from different degrees of systolic HF. Fifty eight patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy have undergone thorough clinical evaluation, including cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), heart catheterization, echocardiography, and cardiac biomarker assessment...
August 2016: Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Joan Carles Trullàs, Luís Manzano, Francesc Formiga, Oscar Aramburu-Bodas, María Angustias Quesada-Simón, José Luís Arias-Jiménez, David García-Escrivá, Jorge Manuel Romero-Requena, Rosa Jordana-Comajuncosa, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with heart failure (HF) who recover left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), termed here as 'Rec-HF', have a distinct clinical profile and prognosis compared with patients with HF and reduced LVEF (HF-REF) or HF and preserved LVEF (HF-PEF). METHODS: We evaluated and classified patients from the Spanish Heart Failure Registry into three categories based on enrollment/follow-up echocardiograms: HF-PEF (LVEF ≥50%), HF-REF (LVEF persistently <50%) and Rec-HF (LVEF on enrollment <50% but normalized during follow-up)...
2016: Cardiology
Agnieszka Kapłon-Cieślicka, Agata Tymińska, Michał Peller, Paweł Balsam, Krzysztof Ozierański, Michalina Galas, Michał Marchel, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, Jarosław Drożdż, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski
Compared with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF), the diagnosis of HF with preserved EF (HF-PEF) is more challenging. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of HF-PEF among patients hospitalized for HF, to evaluate the pertinence of HF-PEF diagnosis and to compare HF-PEF and HF-REF patients with respect to outcomes. The analysis included 661 Polish patients hospitalized for HF, selected from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)-HF Long-Term Registry. Patients with an EF of ≥50% were included in the HF-PEF group and patients with an EF of <50% - in the HF-REF group...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Jane A Cannon, Li Shen, Pardeep S Jhund, Inder S Anand, Michel Komajda, Robert S McKelvie, Michael R Zile, Peter E Carson, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of QRS prolongation and abnormal QRS morphology in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) and to examine the relationship between these QRS abnormalities and clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We categorized patients in the Irbesartan in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction trial (I-PRESERVE) according to QRS duration <120 vs. ≥120 ms and QRS morphology: normal, left bundle branch block (LBBB), and right bundle branch block (RBBB) or other non-specific intra-ventricular conduction defect (IVCD)...
August 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
N Ali-Tatar Chentir, Y Tir, L Ouabdesselam, M-T Chentir
OBJECTIVE: To assess the left ventricular (LV) filling pressures by Doppler Tissulaire Imaging (DTI) in the management of hypertensive patients with heart failure and preserved systolic function (HF-PEF) in our outpatient clinic. To involve the patient on the basis of their clinical, biological and echocardiography data, in identifying the risk factors that need change. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, heart failure with preserved systolic function (HF-PEF) has been diagnosed in 200 consecutive hypertensive patients (pts) at our Algerian outpatient unit...
June 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Nehal Hussain, Athanasios Charalampopoulos, Sheila Ramjug, Robin Condliffe, Charlie A Elliot, Laurence O'Toole, Andrew Swift, David G Kiely
The most common cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to left heart disease (LHD) was previously rheumatic mitral valve disease. However, with the disappearance of rheumatic fever and an aging population, nonvalvular LHD is now the most common cause of group 2 PH in the developed world. In this review, we examine the challenge of investigating patients who have PH and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HF-pEF), where differentiating between pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and PH-LHD can be difficult, and also discuss the entity of combined precapillary and postcapillary PH...
March 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Akshay S Desai, Pardeep S Jhund
Although patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) represent nearly half of the population with chronic heart failure, few evidence-based medical therapies are available. The neutral overall results of the TOPCAT trial of spironolactone in HF-PEF leave clinicians who treat heart failure with an ongoing clinical dilemma. In this review, we outline an approach to the clinical management of the patient with HF-PEF synthesizing data from available clinical trials and expert consensus.
November 1, 2016: European Heart Journal
Y M Liu, S M Ma, L Yang, L L Xue, C D Qiao, L Wang, Y Y Liu, J G Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic values of ratios of early diastolic peak transmitral velocity(E) to late velocity(A) (E/A) and E to early diastolic peak mitral annulus velocity (E/E') for heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF). METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen healthy people were divided into <50 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, and ≥70 years groups to clarify the impact of aging on E/A and E/E'. Two hundred and two newly diagnosed consecutive in-patients with HF-PEF and 221 age- and sex-matched non-heart-failure subjects with risk factors of HF-PEF (negative controls) were enrolled...
February 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
N Ali-Tatar Chentir, Y Tir, L Ouabdesselem, M T Chentir
BACKGROUND: To assess the left ventricular (LV) filling pressures by Doppler Tissulaire Imaging (DTI), in the management of hypertensive patients with heart failure and preserved systolic function. METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, heart failure with preserved systolic function (HF-PEF) has been diagnosed in 200 consecutive hypertensive patients (pts) at the outpatient unit. Data were collected on comorbid conditions including diabetes and atrial fibrillation (AF). A LV ejection fraction > 40% is taken as the including criteria...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Joanne Simpson, Davide Castagno, Rob N Doughty, Katrina K Poppe, Nikki Earle, Iain Squire, Mark Richards, Bert Andersson, Justin A Ezekowitz, Michel Komajda, Mark C Petrie, Finlay A McAlister, Greg D Gamble, Gillian A Whalley, John J V McMurray
AIM: To investigate the relationship between heart rate and survival in patients with heart failure (HF) and coexisting atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with AF included in the Meta-analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) meta-analysis were the main focus of this analysis (3259 patients from 17 studies). The outcome was all-cause mortality at 3 years. Heart rate was analysed as a categorical (tertiles; T1 ≤77 b.p.m., T2 78-98 b...
November 2015: European Journal of Heart Failure
Elke Platz, Pardeep S Jhund, Ross T Campbell, John J McMurray
AIMS: Pulmonary oedema is a common and important finding in acute heart failure (AHF). We conducted a systematic review to describe the methods used to assess pulmonary oedema in recent randomized AHF trials and report its prevalence in these trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 23 AHF trials published between 2002 and 2013, six were excluded because they were very small or not randomized, or missing full-length publications. Of the remaining 17 (n = 200-7141) trials, six enrolled patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) and 11, patients with both HF-REF and HF with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF)...
September 2015: European Journal of Heart Failure
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