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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239878/-appeals-to-nature-in-marriage-equality-debates-a-content-analysis-of-newspaper-and-social-media-discourse
#1
Cliodhna O'Connor
In May 2015, Ireland held a referendum to legalize same-sex marriage, which passed with 62% of the vote. This study explores the role played by 'appeals to nature' in the referendum debate. Little research has investigated how biological attributions are spontaneously generated in real-world discourse regarding sexual rights. Through content analysis of newspaper and Twitter discussion of the referendum, this study aims to (1) establish the frequency of appeals to nature and their distribution across the various 'sides' of the debate and (2) analyse the forms these natural claims took and the rhetorical functions they fulfilled...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239872/-betwixt-and-between-liminality-in-recovery-stories-from-people-with-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-me-or-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-cfs
#2
Brian Brown, Kate Huszar, Rosemary Chapman
This paper explores experiences of 16 people claiming to have recovered from Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) using the concept of liminality. Liminality describes the status of those falling between socially recognised and medically sanctioned categories, and illuminates both the experience of illness and the process of recovery from ME/CFS. The liminality experienced during illness was akin to that described by Turner with a degree of communitas among sufferers. As recovery progressed, participants stressed the percentage to which they had improved, and compared themselves with peers and themselves prior to the illness...
February 27, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239733/evidence-of-robust-participation-by-an-equatorial-4-o-group-in-glycosylation-on-a-2-azido-2-deoxy-glucopyranosyl-donor
#3
Dongming Yao, Yichu Liu, Shiqiang Yan, Yingxia Li, Chun Hu, Ning Ding
Although there are numerous claims of remote group participation leading to the synthesis of the expected glycosides with improved anomeric geometry outcome in glycosylation, there is still a lack of enough strong evidence and this has led to a long-term debate, particularly for equatorial 4-O group participation. In this work, we were able to synthesize and isolate a stable seven-membered trichlorooxazepine ring bridging intermediate with a high yield by employing a 2-azido-2-deoxy-glucopyranosyl donor, which provides strong evidence to support the putative participation of the equatorial 4-O group in glycosylation...
February 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239609/application-of-taxonomic-modeling-to-microbiota-data-mining-for-detection-of-helminth-infection-in-global-populations
#4
Mahbaneh Eshaghzadeh Torbati, Makedonka Mitreva, Vanathi Gopalakrishnan
Human microbiome data from genomic sequencing technologies is fast accumulating, giving us insights into bacterial taxa that contribute to health and disease. The predictive modeling of such microbiota count data for the classification of human infection from parasitic worms, such as helminths, can help in the detection and management across global populations. Real-world datasets of microbiome experiments are typically sparse, containing hundreds of measurements for bacterial species, of which only a few are detected in the bio-specimens that are analyzed...
December 2016: Data (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239262/the-well-being-valuation-model-a-method-for-monetizing-the-nonmarket-good-of-individual-well-being
#5
James A Sidney, Ashlin Jones, Carter Coberley, James E Pope, Aaron Wells
The objective of this research is to advance the evaluation and monetization of well-being improvement programs, offered by population health management companies, by presenting a novel method that robustly monetizes the entirety of well-being improvement within a population. This was achieved by utilizing two employers' well-being assessments with medical and pharmacy administrative claims (2010-2011) across a large national employer (n = 50,647) and regional employer (n = 6170) data sets. This retrospective study sought to monetize both direct and indirect value of well-being improvement across a population whose medical costs are covered by an employer, insurer, and/or government entity...
2017: Health Services & Outcomes Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239195/who-is-the-scientist-subject-a-critique-of-the-neo-kantian-scientist-subject-in-lorraine-daston-and-peter-galison-s-objectivity
#6
REVIEW
Esha Shah
The main focus of this essay is to closely engage with the role of scientist-subjectivity in the making of objectivity in Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's book Objectivity, and Daston's later and earlier works On Scientific Observation and The Moral Economy of Science. I have posited four challenges to the neo-Kantian and Foucauldian constructions of the co-implication of psychology and epistemology presented in these texts. Firstly, following Jacques Lacan's work, I have argued that the subject of science constituted by the mode of modern science suffers from paranoia...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239006/cancer-treatment-delays-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-enrolled-in-medicare
#7
Scott V Adams, Aasthaa Bansal, Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Stacey A Cohen, Andrew Karnopp, Victoria Warren-Mears, Scott D Ramsey
To assess whether timing of initial post-diagnosis cancer care differs between American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) patients, we accessed SEER-Medicare data for breast, colorectal, lung, and prostate cancers (2001-2007). Medicare claims data were examined for initiation of cancer-directed treatment. Overall, AI/ANs experienced longer median times to starting treatment than NHWs (45 and 39 days, p < .001) and lower rates of treatment initiation (HR[95%CI]: 0.86[0.79-0.93])...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238663/assessment-of-the-rates-and-characteristics-of-unclaimed-prescriptions
#8
Thomas Delate, Diana Kastendieck
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the rates of and characteristics associated with unclaimed prescriptions during 3 seasonal months. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted using Kaiser Permanente Colorado administrative data. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who had a prescription prepared at 1 of 28 outpatient pharmacies during the months of November 2014, February 2015, and May 2015 were included...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238592/frequency-of-carcinoid-syndrome-at-neuroendocrine-tumour-diagnosis-a-population-based-study
#9
Daniel M Halperin, Chan Shen, Arvind Dasari, Ying Xu, Yiyi Chu, Shouhao Zhou, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, James C Yao
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) can secrete bioactive amines into the bloodstream, causing carcinoid syndrome, with symptoms including flushing and diarrhoea. However, carcinoid syndrome frequency in the NET population has never been rigorously assessed, nor has its relationship to presenting clinicopathological characteristics. This analysis assessed the proportion of patients with NETs and carcinoid syndrome in the USA and associated clinical factors. METHODS: We identified patients (≥65 years of age) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database, excluding those with pancreatic tumours or small-cell or large-cell lung cancer, as well as those without complete data...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238453/vitiligo-and-overt-thyroid-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-korea
#10
Jung Min Bae, June Hyunkyung Lee, Jae Seung Yun, Byeol Han, Tae Young Han
BACKGROUND: Associations between vitiligo and thyroid diseases have been reported repeatedly. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations between vitiligo and overt autoimmune thyroid diseases and thyroid cancer using the Korean National Health Insurance claims database. METHODS: We defined patients with vitiligo as those whose records showed ≥4 physician contacts between 2009 and 2013 in which vitiligo was the principal diagnosis. We also established an age- and sex-matched control group without vitiligo (2 per 1 vitiligo patient)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238404/knowledge-of-asthma-and-anaphylaxis-among-teachers-in-spanish-schools
#11
J C Juliá-Benito, M Escarrer-Jaume, M T Guerra-Pérez, J Contreras-Porta, E Tauler-Toro, A Madroñero-Tentor, J C Cerdá-Mir
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases affect 15-20% of the paediatric population in the industrialised world. Most educational centres in Spain do not have health professionals among their staff, and the teachers are in charge of child care in school. The advisability of specific training of the teaching staff should be considered, with the introduction of concrete intervention plans in the event of life-threatening emergencies in schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of the training needs constitutes the first step in planning an educational project...
February 18, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238356/economic-utility-combinatorial-pharmacogenomics-and-medication-cost-savings-for-mental-health-care-in-a-primary-care-setting
#12
Lisa C Brown, Raymond A Lorenz, James Li, Bryan M Dechairo
PURPOSE: This study was an analysis based on a previously completed prospective study investigating medication costs of patients with mental illness guided by using the GeneSight proprietary combinatorial pharmacogenomic (PGx) test. The primary objective of this study was to determine potential cost savings of combinatorial PGx testing over the course of 1 year in patients with mental illness treated by primary care providers (PCPs) and psychiatrists who had switched or added a new psychiatric medication after patients failed to respond to monotherapy...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237834/looking-the-past-in-the-eye-distortion-in-memory-and-the-costs-and-benefits-of-recalling-from-an-observer-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Christopher Jude McCarroll
Jordi Fernández (2015) discusses the possible benefits of two types of allegedly distorted memories: observer memories and fabricated memories. Fernández argues that even when memory does not preserve the past, some memories can still provide an adaptive benefit for the subject. I explore Fernández's claims focussing on the case of observer perspective memories. For Fernández, observer perspectives are distorted memories because they do not preserve past experience. In contrast, I suggest that observer perspectives can accurately reflect past experience: observer perspectives are not necessarily distorted memories...
February 23, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237634/geographic-information-systems-to-assess-external-validity-in-randomized-trials
#14
Margaret R Savoca, David A Ludwig, Stedman T Jones, K Jason Clodfelter, Joseph B Sloop, Linda Y Bollhalter, Alain G Bertoni
INTRODUCTION: To support claims that RCTs can reduce health disparities (i.e., are translational), it is imperative that methodologies exist to evaluate the tenability of external validity in RCTs when probabilistic sampling of participants is not employed. Typically, attempts at establishing post hoc external validity are limited to a few comparisons across convenience variables, which must be available in both sample and population. A Type 2 diabetes RCT was used as an example of a method that uses a geographic information system to assess external validity in the absence of a priori probabilistic community-wide diabetes risk sampling strategy...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237424/downstream-imaging-utilization-after-emergency%C3%A2-department-ultrasound-interpreted-by%C3%A2-radiologists%C3%A2-versus-nonradiologists-a-medicare-claims-based-study
#15
Bibb Allen, L Van Carrol, Danny R Hughes, Jennifer Hemingway, Richard Duszak, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
OBJECTIVE: To study differences in imaging utilization downstream to initial emergency department (ED) ultrasound examinations interpreted by radiologists versus nonradiologists. METHODS: Using 5% Medicare Research Identifiable Files from 2009 to 2014, we identified episodes where the place of service was "emergency room hospital" and the patient also underwent an ultrasound examination. We determined whether the initial ultrasound was interpreted by a radiologist or nonradiologist and then summed all additional imaging events occurring within 7, 14, and 30 days of each initial ED ultrasound...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237049/treatment-motivation-among-caregivers-and-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorders
#16
T Cornelius, V A Earnshaw, D Menino, L M Bogart, S Levy
Substance use disorders (SUDs) in adolescence have negative long-term health effects, which can be mitigated through successful treatment. Caregivers play a central role in adolescent treatment involvement; however, studies have not examined treatment motivation and pressures to enter treatment in caregiver/adolescent dyads. Research suggests that internally motivated treatment (in contrast to coerced treatment) tends to lead to better outcomes. We used Self-determination theory (SDT) to examine intersecting motivational narratives among caregivers and adolescents in SUD treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236994/-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-level-of-evidence-from-causality-to-dose-effect-relationship
#17
J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Quilès, M Cermolacce, R Belzeaux, M Adida, E Fakra, J-M Azorin
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this article is to summarize the history of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in psychiatry in order to highlight the transition from clinical level of evidence based on phenomenological descriptions to controlled trial establishing causal relationship. The second objective is to apply the criteria of causation for ECT, to focus on the dose-effect relationship criteria, and thus to analyze the conditions of application of these criteria for ECT. METHODS: A literature review exploring the use of electricity, ECT and electroencephalography (EEG) in psychiatry was conducted...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236867/medication-errors-in-anesthesia-unacceptable-or-unavoidable
#18
Ira Dhawan, Anurag Tewari, Sankalp Sehgal, Ashish Chandra Sinha
Medication errors are the common causes of patient morbidity and mortality. It adds financial burden to the institution as well. Though the impact varies from no harm to serious adverse effects including death, it needs attention on priority basis since medication errors' are preventable. In today's world where people are aware and medical claims are on the hike, it is of utmost priority that we curb this issue. Individual effort to decrease medication error alone might not be successful until a change in the existing protocols and system is incorporated...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236720/do-hospital-mergers-reduce-costs
#19
Matt Schmitt
Proponents of hospital consolidation claim that mergers lead to significant cost savings, but there is little systematic evidence backing these claims. For a large sample of hospital mergers between 2000 and 2010, I estimate difference-in-differences models that compare cost trends at acquired hospitals to cost trends at hospitals whose ownership did not change. I find evidence of economically and statistically significant cost reductions at acquired hospitals. On average, acquired hospitals realize cost savings between 4 and 7 percent in the years following the acquisition...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236550/complications-after-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-the-medicare-population
#20
Sameer Badarudeen, Albert C Shu, Kevin L Ong, Doruk Baykal, Edmund Lau, Arthur L Malkani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and types of complications after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) within the first year, and determine the relative risk factors for these complications and of re-revision. METHODS: The sample size of 5% Medicare claims data from 1998-2011 was studied. Primary THA patients who underwent subsequent revision were identified using ICD-9-CM codes. Outcomes and complications after revision THA were assessed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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