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Cervical dysplasia

Gerd Horneff, Ariane Klein, Prasad T Oommen, Anton Hospach, Ivan Foeldvari, Isa Feddersen, Kirsten Minden
OBJECTIVES: While tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-inhibitor treatment improved outcome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) management markedly, concerns have been raised about an association of TNF-α-inhibitor treatment and an increased risk for malignancies especially lymphoma. METHODS: Cases of suspected malignancies documented in the German Biker Registry are reviewed in detail. RESULTS: Until Dec 31, 2015, 3695 JIA patients were prospectively followed with a total of more than 13,198 observation years...
September 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
L-C Horn, C E Brambs, R Handzel, G Mehlhorn, D Schmidt, K Schierle
The majority of precancerous lesions of the lower female genital tract (intraepithelial neoplasia, IN) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infections resulting in cellular atypia and in turn an altered tissue architecture. Depending on the pathogenesis, a distinction is made between vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) classified as classical VIN associated with high-risk HPV infections (u-VIN) and differentiated VIN (d-VIN), which is associated with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus and p53 alterations...
October 13, 2016: Der Pathologe
Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth A Torrone, Hillard Weinstock
OBJECTIVES: To examine prevalence of low- and high-grade cervical lesions over time in a large cohort of US female adolescents and women. METHODS: We used health care claims data from 9 million privately insured female patients aged 15 to 39 years to estimate annual prevalence of cytologically detected cervical low-grade (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and high-grade histologically detected cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2 and 3 (CIN2+) during 2007 through 2014...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Filip Rob, Ruth Tachezy, Tomáš Pichlík, Lukáš Rob, Zuzana Kružicová, Eva Hamšíková, Jana Šmahelová, Jana Hercogová
We conducted a cross-sectional study on the occurrence of a specific type of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) among long-term monogamous male partners of women with cervical dysplasia and genital warts. The purpose of the study was to improve knowledge with regards to the management of these couples. The presence of genital HPV-DNA was detected by PCR with broad spectrum primers followed by hybridization. 82 males met the study criteria, 41 in each group. Genital HPV-DNA prevalence was 67.5% in the genital warts group and 72...
October 9, 2016: Dermatologic Therapy
Hazem Mahmoud Al-Mandeel, Emad Sagr, Khalid Sait, Hassan Mohamed Latifah, Abdulaziz Al-Obaid, Ismail A Al-Badawi, Abdulmohsen O Alkushi, Hany Salem, Nada S Massoudi, Holger Schunemann, Reem A Mustafa, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological malignancy in Saudi women with an estimated incidence rate of 1.9 cases per 100 000 women-years. More than 40% of cervical cancer cases are diagnosed at advanced stages due to lack of a routine screening program in Saudi Arabia. Thus, national guidelines for routine screening and treatment of precancerous cervical lesions are needed. METHODS: The Saudi Centre for Evidence-Based Healthcare invited a panel of local experts and partnered them with a team from McMaster University in Canada for methodological support, to develop national clinical practice guidelines on the screening and treatment of precancerous lesions for cervical cancer...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Ana Raposo, Chiara Tani, José Costa, Marta Mosca
An association between immune-mediated diseases and cervical pre-malignant and malignant lesions is described, having the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection a causal role. Related studies have been generally focused on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, but relatively to other diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and systemic sclerosis (SSc), data has not been systematically evaluated. We conducted a systematic review analysis of the literature in PubMed, including articles published until March of 2015, in patients with RA, SS, SLE and SSc, to evaluate the frequency of HPV infection, cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer, and associated factors, with particular interest on the role of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive treatment...
April 16, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Theresa M Kolben, Franziska Kraft, Thomas Kolben, Christine Goess, Anna Semmlinger, Christian Dannecker, Elisa Schmoeckel, Doris Mayr, Nora N Sommer, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke
AIM: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is commonly divided into three grades. Guidelines increasingly recommend surgery only in CIN 3 lesions. We investigated markers to evaluate differences in CIN 2 and 3 lesions as well as possible predictors for regression/progression in CIN 2 lesions. MATERIALS & METHODS: Biopsies (n = 128) of healthy cervical tissue and CIN 1-3 were stained for Sialyl Lewis a, Sialyl Lewis x, Lewis y, Gal-3, Gal-7, STMN1 and p16. RESULTS: We observed significant differences between CIN 2 and 3 lesions for Sialyl Lewis a, Sialyl Lewis x, Gal-3, Gal-7, STMN1 and p16...
September 20, 2016: Future Oncology
Pierre-Francois Plouin
OBJECTIVE: ARCADIA (Assessment of Renal and Cervical Artery DysplasIA) is a registry designed to assess in adults with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) the distribution of arterial lesions and the frequency of FMD affecting at least two vascular beds (multisite FMD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Patients were eligible if they had non-atherosclerotic, non-inflammatory and non-syndromic stenosing lesions affecting renal (RA) and/or cervico-encephalic (CEA) arteries and gave informed consent to undergo skull to pelvis angiographic imaging using CT-, MR-, or digital subtraction-angiography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Tara J Wu, Karen Smith-McCune, Miriam Reuschenbach, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, May Maloba, Megan J Huchko
OBJECTIVE: A biomarker with increased specificity for cervical dysplasia compared with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing would be an attractive option for cervical cancer screening among HIV-infected women in resource-limited settings. p16(INK4a) has been explored as a biomarker for screening in general populations. DESIGN: A 2-year cross-sectional study. SETTING: 2 large HIV primary care clinics in western Kenya. PARTICIPANTS: 1054 HIV-infected women in western Kenya undergoing cervical cancer screening as part of routine HIV care from October 2010 to November 2012...
September 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Marjolein Hermens, Renée M F Ebisch, Khadra Galaal, Ruud L M Bekkers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of alternative (digital) colposcopy techniques for detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or worse in a colposcopy population. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE,, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception up to January 11, 2016, for studies that evaluated the diagnostic value of alternative (digital) colposcopy techniques. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were: 1) an alternative (digital) colposcopy technique was used in a colposcopy population; 2) a histologic outcome was reported, classified as CIN, differentiating between mild dysplasia or less (CIN 1 or less), and moderate dysplasia or worse (CIN 2 or greater); 3) the entire cervix was scanned at once or a per-woman analysis was performed; 4) no other topical application than acetic acid and Lugol's solution was used; 5) at least three eligible studies had to be available within a single technique; and 6) studies obtained research ethics approval...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hiroyuki Maeda, Zeyi Deng, Taro Ikegami, Sen Matayoshi, Shinya Agena, Asanori Kiyuna, Yukashi Yamashita, Takayuki Uehara, Akira Ganaha, Mikio Suzuki
Branchiogenic carcinoma (BC) usually appears as a mass lesion with a predominant cystic component. Since lymph node metastasis from oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) has a cystic appearance, it is occasionally difficult to distinguish between BC and nodal metastases from clinically silent OPC. Factors associated with the malignant transformation process in BC remain obscure. The present study reports the case of a 56-year-old man with a right cystic cervical mass that was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma based on examination by fine-needle aspiration biopsy...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Robert E Gutman, Charles R Rardin, Eric R Sokol, Catherine Matthews, Amy J Park, Cheryl B Iglesia, Roxana Geoffrion, Andrew I Sokol, Mickey Karram, Geoffrey W Cundiff, Joan L Blomquist, Matthew D Barber
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in uterine conservation at the time of surgery for uterovaginal prolapse, but limited data compare different types of hysteropexy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare 1-year efficacy and safety of laparoscopic sacral hysteropexy and vaginal mesh hysteropexy. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, prospective parallel cohort study compared laparoscopic sacral hysteropexy to vaginal mesh hysteropexy at 8 institutions...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lindsay M Kuroki, Laura James-Nywening, Ningying Wu, Jingxia Liu, Matthew A Powell, Premal H Thaker, L Stewart Massad
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and correlates of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) after a negative loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), performed for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) cervical cytology. METHODS: One hundred six women from our university-based colposcopy clinic underwent LEEP between 2007 and 2014. Negative LEEP was defined as CIN1 or less. Persistence/recurrence estimates were calculated by treatment (see-and-treat vs 3-step conventional strategy-cervical cytology, colposcopic biopsy, LEEP) and LEEP results (negative vs positive) using the Kaplan-Meier method...
October 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Ingrid Baasland, Bjørn Hagen, Christina Vogt, Marit Valla, Pål Richard Romundstad
We evaluated colposcopy in the routine diagnostic workup of women with abnormal cervical cytology, as well as the diagnostic value of endocervical curettage material and biopsies taken from colposcopy-positive and colposcopy-negative quadrants of the cervix MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 297 non-pregnant women with abnormal cervical cytology and no prior treatment for cervical dysplasia or cancer. All women underwent gynecological examination, colposcopy, endocervical curettage, and had cervical biopsies taken...
August 26, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Maximilian Linxweiler, Florian Bochen, Bernhard Schick, Silke Wemmert, Basel Al Kadah, Markus Greiner, Andrea Hasenfus, Rainer-Maria Bohle, Ingolf Juhasz-Böss, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Zoltan Ferenc Takacs
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 3 amplification affecting the 3q26 region is a common genomic alteration in cervical cancer, typically marking the transition of precancerous intraepithelial lesions to an invasive phenotype. Though potential 3q encoded target genes of this amplification have been identified, a functional correlation of potential oncogenic function is still missing. In this study, we investigated copy number changes and the expression level of SEC62 encoded at 3q26.2 as a new potential 3q oncogene in dysplastic cervical lesions and analyzed its role in cervical cancer cell biology...
2016: BMC Cancer
Callinice D Capo-Chichi, Blanche Aguida, Nicodème W Chabi, Jocelyn Acapko-Ezin, Jonas Sossah-Hiffo, Vidéhouénou K Agossou, Toussain Anagbla, Marcel Zannou, Fabien Houngbé, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: High risk oncologic Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the leading causes of cervical cancer worldwide. We investigated HPV genotypes among women living or not with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) in two major hospitals in the south of the republic of BENIN in the city of Cotonou. Our objective is to investigate the association of high risk-HPV to cervical dysplasia among women under stringent anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment and in controls without HIV. METHODS: The investigation was carried out within 1 year period in two groups of adult women: one group with HIV1 infection and under ARV therapy in the National University Hospital (CNHU-HKM) designated as CH group (n = 86); and one control group without HIV infection and attending the hospital Mènontin for routine gynecologic checkup and designated as ME group (n = 86)...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
P Marinova, E Marinov, T Veselinova, I Ivanov, G Kolnikova
UNLABELLED: Recent studies have demonstrate an increase in both relative and absolute frequency of the cervical adenocarcinoma (ECA) with incidence about 10-25% of all cervical malignancy. THE AIM: clinicopathological study of invasive ECA. MATERIALS AND METHOD: From 2007 to end of 2011, 68 cases of invasive ECA were collected. The tumors were classified according the WHO classification of tumors of Tumors of the Female Reproductive Organs 2014...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Katrin Christine Asciutto, Emir Henic, Lotten Darlin, Ola Forslund, Christer Borgfeldt
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an objective marker with a high sensitivity for finding cervical dysplasia. The objective of the current study is to investigate whether HPV testing, combined with liquid-based cytology, is reliable as a test of cure after the loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The LEEP was performed in 330 women for excision of cervical dysplasia. Follow up consisted of HPV testing and liquid-based cytology at six, 12, and 36 months after treatment...
August 11, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
S Kiando, N Tucker, L Castro-Vega, D Cusi, P Galan, Empana J-P, J Olin, H Gornik, P-F Plouin, I Kullo, D Milan, S Ganesh, P Boutouyrie, J Kovacic, X Jeunemaitre, N Bouatia-Naji
OBJECTIVE: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic vascular disease leading to stenosis, dissection and aneurysm affecting mainly the renal and cerebrovascular arteries. FMD has higher prevalence in females (80-90%) and predisposes to hypertension and stroke but its pathophysiology is unclear. DESIGN AND METHOD: We performed a multistage genetic association study (1,154 patients and 3,895 controls) from five case-control cohorts. We investigated the association between rs9349379 in the phosphatase and actin regulator 1 gene (PHACTR1) and carotid traits by echo-tracking in healthy volunteers, the expression of PHACTR1 by genotypes in human fibroblasts, protein staining pattern in human carotids, and vasculature development after Phactr1 knockdown in zebrafish...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
P-F Plouin
OBJECTIVE: ARCADIA was designed to assess in adults with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) the frequency of FMD affecting at least two vascular beds (multisite FMD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Patients were eligible if they had nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory and nonsyndromic stenosing lesions affecting renal (RA) and/or cervico-encephalic (CEA) arteries and gave informed consent to undergo skull to pelvis imaging using CT-, MR-, or digital subtraction-angiography. FMD was classified as multifocal or focal, respectively, if angiography disclosed multiple or single stenoses on a given vessel segment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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