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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110474/subsequent-sexual-risks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-may-differ-by-sex-of-first-partner-and-age-at-sexual-debut-a-cross-sectional-study-in-beijing-china
#1
Yu Liu, Han-Zhu Qian, K Rivet Amico, Hongjie Liu, Lu Yin, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Chen Zhang, Sten H Vermund
Sexual debut experience may influence HIV/sexual risks among men who have sex with men (MSM). We assessed associations between age of sexual debut and sex of debut partner with recent (past-3-month) sexual/HIV/syphilis risks among 3588 community-based Chinese MSM. Sexual debut with women was associated with more recent (condomless) insertive anal sex with men, more recent (condomless) vaginal sex, and more lifetime female partners. Sexual debut with men was associated with more recent (condomless) receptive anal sex with men and more lifetime male partners...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110176/the-management-of-hiv-in-pregnancy-a-10-year-experience
#2
Sonia F Raffe, Charlotte Savage, Louisa A Perry, Amie Patel, Tricia Keith, Richard Howell, Robert Bradley, Rob Bomont, Katy Fidler, Yvonne Gilleece
OBJECTIVE: The package of care to reduce HIV mother to child transmission (MTCT) has evolved significantly since trials of ante and intrapartum antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1994. In the UK MTCT rate has fallen from 25.6% in the 1990s to 0.46%. We review the management of HIV in pregnancy in Brighton in the context of evolving guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: HIV, obstetric and neonatal notes of all HIV positive women, pregnant between 2003 and 2014, were reviewed. RESULTS: 97 pregnancies in 75 women were identified, resulting in 79 live births...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109894/pregnancy-outcomes-following-direct-uterine-fibroid-thermal-ablation-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Julia Keltz, Mark Levie, Scott Chudnoff
The objective of this review is to describe the reproductive outcomes of women after radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation (RFVTA) of fibroids or magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgHIFU). This is a literature review of the current case reports of reproductive outcomes following direct fibroid thermal ablation at multiple academic and private centers throughout the world. A literature search was performed using PubMed and Medline. All publications that included data of women who underwent radiofrequency fibroid ablation or magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound of fibroids and subsequently conceived were included...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109608/health-physiology-and-behavior-of-dairy-calves-reared-on-4-different-substrates
#4
M A Sutherland, G M Worth, C Cameron, C M Ross, D Rapp
The objective of this study was to compare the health, physiology, and behavior of group-housed calves reared on wood shavings with those reared on alternative surfaces. At 1 wk of age, 80 calves were moved into 1 of 20 experimental pens (n = 4 calves/pen) where they remained until 6 wk of age. Pens had floors covered with pea gravel (PG), rubber chip (RC), sand (SA), or wood shavings (WS; n = 5 pens/substrate). Body weight, cleanliness, health, and skin surface and vaginal temperature were recorded at 1, 3, and 6 wk of age...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109322/adar1-overexpression-is-associated-with-cervical-cancer-progression-and-angiogenesis
#5
Ying Chen, He Wang, Wenyi Lin, Ping Shuai
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the role of RNA-dependent adenosine deaminase (ADAR1) in cervical squamous cell carcinoma occurrence and progression. METHODS: ADAR1 expression levels in stage IA and stage IIA cervical squamous cell carcinoma (group A), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) specimens (group B), as well as normal and inflamed cervical tissue samples (group C) were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Clinical and pathological data of cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing surgery were retrospectively evaluated...
January 21, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109283/ethanol-extracted-cameroonian-propolis-exerts-estrogenic-effects-and-alleviates-hot-flushes-in-ovariectomized-wistar-rats
#6
Stéphane Zingue, Chantal Beatrice Magne Nde, Thomas Michel, Derek Tantoh Ndinteh, Jules Tchatchou, Moïse Adamou, Xavier Fernandez, Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo, Colin Clyne, Dieudonné Njamen
BACKGROUND: Since the biological properties of propolis depend to the plants that can be found in a specific region, propolis from unexplored regions attracts the attention of scientists. Ethanolic extract of Cameroonian propolis (EEP) is used to treat various ailments including gynecological problems and amenorrhea. Since there were no scientific data to support the above claims, the present study was therefore undertaken to assess estrogenic properties of Cameroonian propolis. METHODS: To achieve our goal, the ability of EEP to induce MCF-7 cells proliferation in E-screen assay as well as to activate estrogen receptors α (ERα) and β (ERβ) in cell-based reporter gene assays using human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293T) transfected with ERs was tested...
January 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109160/antibiotics-for-infection-prevention-after-excision-of-the-cervical-transformation-zone
#7
REVIEW
Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Bandit Chumworathayi, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Butsakorn Ussahgij, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: Excision of the transformation zone of the cervix is the most commonly used approach to treat cervical precancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)) to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. As the excision of the transformation zone leaves a raw area on the cervix, there is a risk of infection following the procedure. The incidence of infection after cold knife conization (CKC) is 36%, whereas the incidence for large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ, also known as loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)) is much lower (0...
January 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109093/-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-controlled-release-dinoprostone-insert-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#8
Xue-Yuan Li, Yue-Wen Guo, Yan-Wen Xu, Bin Zhu, Xue-Xue Wu, Xiang Chen, Xiao-Yi Wang, Dun-Jin Chen, Hui Chen, Jian-Ping Zhang, Zhi-Jian Wang, Sheng-Li An
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness and safety of controlled-release dinoprostone insert for term labor induction in the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong province. METHODS: Twenty hospitals using controlled-release dinoprostone insert for term labor induction in the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong province were stratified into provincial hospitals and municipal hospitals, and three hospitals of each level were selected as research units. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 1390 pregnant women receiving term labor induction using controlled-release dinoprostone insert were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the the effectiveness and safety with another 957 pregnant women with induced abortion using oxytocin as the control group...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108735/fertility-sparing-uterine-lesion-resection-for-young-women-with-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasias-single-institution-experience
#9
Xiaoyu Wang, Junjun Yang, Jie Li, Jun Zhao, Tong Ren, Fengzhi Feng, Xirun Wan, Yang Xiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the oncological safety and pregnant outcomes of fertility-sparing uterine lesion resection in treating gestational trophoblastic neoplasias. RESULTS: After the treatment of surgery and chemotherapy, all the patients achieved complete remission. With a median follow-up time of 44 months (range, 6-188), 3 patients (3.85%) relapsed within 3-26 months. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size was the independent risk factor of recurrence and the cutoff value was 4...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107805/effectiveness-of-an-sms-based-maternal-mhealth-intervention-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women
#10
Jesse Coleman, Kate C Bohlin, Anna Thorson, Vivian Black, Patricia Mechael, Josie Mangxaba, Jaran Eriksen
We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the effectiveness of an mHealth messaging intervention aiming to improve maternal health and HIV outcomes. Maternal health SMSs were sent to 235 HIV-infected pregnant women twice per week in pregnancy and continued until the infant's first birthday. The messages were timed to the stage of the pregnancy/infant age and covered maternal health and HIV-support information. Outcomes, measured as antenatal care (ANC) visits, birth outcomes and infant HIV testing, were compared to a control group of 586 HIV-infected pregnant women who received no SMS intervention...
January 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107771/a-prospective-study-of-maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-the-setting-of-cesarean-section-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Margo S Harrison, Omrana Pasha, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana L Garces, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Bhala Kodkany, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J Derman, Archana Patel, Patricia L Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Janet L Moore, Dennis Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Jose Belizan, Robert L Goldenberg
Cesarean section (CS) rates are increasing globally with an unclear effect on pregnancy outcomes. The study objective was to quantify maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries associated with CS compared to vaginal delivery (VD) both within and across sites MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective population-based study including home and facility births in 337,153 women with a VD and 47,308 women with a CS from 2010 to 2015 was performed in Guatemala, India, Kenya, Pakistan, Zambia, and Democratic Republic of Congo...
January 20, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107100/newborn-weight-loss-during-birth-hospitalization-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-through-age-1-month
#12
Valerie J Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael K Kuzniewicz, Sherian Li, Eileen Walsh, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is universal for exclusively breastfed newborns in the first few days after birth. Many newborns exclusively breastfed during birth hospitalization receive formula in the first month after discharge and thus cease exclusive breastfeeding. However, the relationship between early weight loss and subsequent cessation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding is unknown. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between newborn weight loss and duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding among newborns breastfed exclusively during the birth hospitalization...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106652/prospective-outcomes-of-a-pelvic-floor-rehabilitation-program-including-vaginal-electrogalvanic-stimulation-for-urinary-defecatory-and-pelvic-pain-symptoms
#13
Jennifer J Schmitt, Ruchira Singh, Amy L Weaver, Kristin C Mara, Randina R Harvey-Springer, Felecia R Fick, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated our experience after implementing a pelvic floor rehabilitation program including behavioral modification, biofeedback, and vaginal electrogalvanic stimulation (EGS). METHODS: This prospective cohort study evaluated outcomes of patients with pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary or defecatory dysfunction, pelvic pain/dyspareunia) who underwent pelvic floor rehabilitation. Patients received 4 to 7 sessions (1 every 2 weeks) including biofeedback and concluded with 30 minutes of vaginal EGS...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106628/neonatal-micrognathia-national-trends-in-early-mandibular-surgery
#14
Hillary E Jenny, Benjamin B Massenburg, E Hope Weissler, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Micrognathia is a congenital anomaly that may pose breathing and feeding limitations in newborns, sometimes necessitating invasive management. The present study aims to identify the complications associated with receiving mandibular surgery during the birth stay in order to better predict which patients may benefit from early surgical intervention. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the 2000 to 2012 kids' inpatient databases. We included all live newborn infants born in the hospital through vaginal delivery or caesarean section...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104545/trial-of-labour-and-vaginal-birth-after-previous-caesarean-section-a-population-based-study-of-eastern-african-immigrants-in-victoria-australia
#15
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
OBJECTIVES: Variations in caesarean section (CS) between some immigrant groups and receiving country populations have been widely reported. Often, African immigrant women are at higher risk of CS than the receiving population in developed countries. However, evidence about subsequent mode of birth following CS for African women post-migration is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine differences in attempted and successful vaginal birth after previous caesarean (VBAC) for Eastern African immigrants (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) compared with Australian-born women...
January 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103952/the-interaction-between-vaginal-microbiota-cervical-length-and-vaginal-progesterone-treatment-for-preterm-birth-risk
#16
Lindsay M Kindinger, Phillip R Bennett, Yun S Lee, Julian R Marchesi, Ann Smith, Stefano Cacciatore, Elaine Holmes, Jeremy K Nicholson, T G Teoh, David A MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the primary cause of infant death worldwide. A short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm birth. In specific patient cohorts, vaginal progesterone reduces this risk. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we undertook a prospective study in women at risk of preterm birth (n = 161) to assess (1) the relationship between vaginal microbiota and cervical length in the second trimester and preterm birth risk and (2) the impact of vaginal progesterone on vaginal bacterial communities in women with a short cervix...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103920/ovarian-cycling-and-reproductive-state-shape-the-vaginal-microbiota-in-wild-baboons
#17
Elizabeth A Miller, Joshua A Livermore, Susan C Alberts, Jenny Tung, Elizabeth A Archie
BACKGROUND: The vaginal microbiome is an important site of bacterial-mammalian symbiosis. This symbiosis is currently best characterized for humans, where lactobacilli dominate the microbial community and may help defend women against infectious disease. However, lactobacilli do not dominate the vaginal microbiota of any other mammal studied to date, raising key questions about the forces that shape the vaginal microbiome in non-human mammals. RESULTS: We used Illumina sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene to investigate variation in the taxonomic composition of the vaginal microbiota in 48 baboons (Papio cynocephalus), members of a well-studied wild population in Kenya...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103868/probiotics-for-vaginal-health-in-south-africa-what-is-on-retailers-shelves
#18
Anna-Ursula Happel, Shameem Z Jaumdally, Tanya Pidwell, Tracy Cornelius, Heather B Jaspan, Remy Froissart, Shaun L Barnabas, Jo-Ann S Passmore
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are widely used to improve gastrointestinal (GI) health, but they may also be useful to prevent or treat gynaecological disorders, including bacterial vaginosis (BV) and candidiasis. BV prevalence is high in South Africa and is associated with increased HIV risk and pregnancy complications. We aimed to assess the availability of probiotics for vaginal health in retail stores (pharmacies, supermarkets and health stores) in two major cities in South Africa. METHODS: A two-stage cluster sampling strategy was used in the Durban and Cape Town metropoles...
January 19, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103826/tracking-the-origin-of-simultaneous-endometrial-and-ovarian-cancer-by-next-generation-sequencing-a-case-report
#19
Nadejda Valtcheva, Franziska M Lang, Aurelia Noske, Eleftherios P Samartzis, Anna-Maria Schmidt, Elisa Bellini, Daniel Fink, Holger Moch, Markus Rechsteiner, Konstantin J Dedes, Peter J Wild
BACKGROUND: Endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus and ovarian endometrioid carcinoma share many morphological and molecular features. Differentiation between simultaneous primary carcinomas and ovarian metastases of an endometrial cancer may be very challenging but is essential for prognostic and therapeutic considerations. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present case study of a 33 year-old patient we used targeted amplicon next-generation re-sequencing for clarifying the origin of synchronous endometrioid cancer of the corpus uteri and the left ovary...
January 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103822/emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-availability-use-and-quality-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-city-of-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2011
#20
Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Philippe Donnen
BACKGROUND: While emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a proxy indicator for monitoring maternal and perinatal mortalities, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), data on this care is rarely available. In the city of Lubumbashi, the second largest in DRC with an estimated population of 1.5 million, the availability, use and quality of EmONC are not known. This study aimed to assess these elements in Lubumbashi. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in April and May 2011...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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