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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642732/autonomic-function-impairment-and-brain-perfusion-deficit-in-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Wei-Che Lin, Pei-Chin Chen, Chih-Cheng Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hsiu-Ling Chen, Hung-Chen Wang, Kun-Hsien Chou, Meng-Hsiang Chen, Yi-Wen Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu
INTRODUCTION: Autonomic disorders have been recognized as important Parkinson's disease (PD) components. Some vulnerable structures are related to the central autonomic network and have also been linked to autonomic function alterations. The aims of the study are to evaluate the severity of the autonomic dysfunction and the cortical hypoperfusion using arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI. And then, possible relationships of significant between-group differences in perfusion pattern to clinical variables and autonomic functions were examined to determine the pharmaceutical effects of dopaminergic treatment on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with PD...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630395/cerebral-infarction-by-paradoxical-gas-embolism-during-laparoscopic-liver-resection-with-injury-of-the-hepatic-vessels-in-a-patient-without-a-right-to-left-systemic-shunt
#2
Toshiyasu Kawahara, Masahiro Hagiwara, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Mariko Tanaka, Koji Imai, Jun Sawada, Takayuki Kunisawa, Hiroyuki Furukawa
BACKGROUND Carbon dioxide (CO2) is believed to be the safest gas for laparoscopic surgery, which is a standard procedure. We experienced severe cerebral infarction caused by paradoxical CO2 embolism during laparoscopic liver resection with injury of the hepatic vessels despite the absence of a right-to-left systemic shunt. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man was diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma in the right hepatic lobe secondary to alcoholic liver disease. We planned the laparoscopy-assisted liver resection...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627984/diagnostic-accuracy-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-and-perfusion-weighted-imaging-in-brain-gliomas-follow-up-a-single-institutional-experience
#3
Monica Anselmi, Alessia Catalucci, Valentina Felli, Valentina Vellucci, Alessandra Di Sibio, Giovanni Luca Gravina, Mario Di Staso, Ernesto Di Cesare, Carlo Masciocchi
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are able to increase diagnostic accuracy in the follow-up of brain gliomas, identifying the progression of disease before it becomes evident in the standard MRI; also to evaluate which of the two techniques has the best diagnostic accuracy. Methods Eighty-three patients with cerebral glioma (50 high-grade gliomas (HGGs), 33 low-grade gliomas (LGGs)) were retrospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623038/perfusion-kinetics-in-human-brain-tumor-with-dce-mri-derived-model-and-cfd-analysis
#4
A Bhandari, A Bansal, A Singh, N Sinha
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death all over the world. Among the strategies that are used for cancer treatment, the effectiveness of chemotherapy is often hindered by factors such as irregular and non-uniform uptake of drugs inside tumor. Thus, accurate prediction of drug transport and deposition inside tumor is crucial for increasing the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic treatment. In this study, a computational model of human brain tumor is developed that incorporates dynamic contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) data into a voxelized porous media model...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620564/moyamoya-syndrome-in-a-child-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-magnetic-resonance-imaging-as-a-tool-for-clinical-decision-making
#5
Jonathan Mayl, Hanisha Patel, Tushar Chandra
Moyamoya syndrome is a rare cerebrovasculopathy of unknown etiology which is associated with multiple risk factors. Moyamoya was first discovered in Japan and is reported to have an increased prevalence in the Japanese population. The term "Moyamoya" translates into "puff of smoke" and is named after the finding of the collateral cerebral vasculature that develops secondary to occlusion of an internal carotid artery at the entrance into the circle of Willis. This collateral vasculature characterizes the disease...
May 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604116/the-cognitive-decline-in-older-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-cope-study-rationale-and-design
#6
Noeleen Berkhout-Byrne, Marije H Kallenberg, André Gaasbeek, Ton J Rabelink, Sebastiaan Hammer, Mark A van Buchem, Matthias J van Osch, Lucia J M Kroft, Henk Boom, Simon P Mooijaart, Marjolijn van Buren
BACKGROUND: Older patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) are at increased risk for cognitive decline, but detailed studies of the magnitude of cognitive decline on dialysis or comprehensive conservative management (CCM) are lacking and the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have poorly been studied. OBJECTIVE: To describe the rationale and design of the COPE study. Study objectives are firstly to examine the severity of cognitive impairment in older patients reaching ESRD before dialysis and the rate of decline after dialysis or CCM initiation...
June 10, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603687/prematurity-and-brain-perfusion-arterial-spin-labeling-mri
#7
Domenico Tortora, Peter Angelo Mattei, Riccardo Navarra, Valentina Panara, Rita Salomone, Andrea Rossi, John A Detre, Massimo Caulo
PURPOSE: Abnormal brain perfusion is a critical mechanism in neonatal brain injury. The aim of the present study was to compare Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF) evaluated with ASL MRI in three groups of neonates: preterms without brain lesions on MRI (PN), preterms with periventricular white matter lesions (PNp) and term neonates with normal MRI (TN). The correlation between CBF and clinical outcome was explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this prospective study and waived informed consent...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601820/axillary-versus-innominate-artery-cannulation-for-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-in-aortic-surgery-design-of-the-aortic-surgery-cerebral-protection-evaluation-ace-cardiolink-3-randomised-trial
#8
Vinay Garg, Mark D Peterson, Michael Wa Chu, Maral Ouzounian, Roderick Gg MacArthur, John Bozinovski, Ismail El-Hamamsy, F Victor Chu, Ankit Garg, Judith Hall, Kevin E Thorpe, Natasha Dhingra, Hwee Teoh, Thomas R Marotta, David A Latter, Adrian Quan, Muhammad Mamdani, Peter Juni, C David Mazer, Subodh Verma
INTRODUCTION: Neurological injury remains the major cause of morbidity and mortality following open aortic arch repair. Systemic hypothermia along with antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) is the accepted cerebral protection approach, with axillary artery cannulation being the most common technique used to establish ACP. More recently, innominate artery cannulation has been shown to be a safe and efficacious method for establishing ACP. Inasmuch as there is a lack of high-quality data comparing axillary and innominate artery ACP, we have designed a randomised, multi-centre clinical trial to compare both cerebral perfusion strategies with regards to brain morphological injury using diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI)...
June 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596990/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cerebral-malaria-patients-reveals-distinct-pathogenetic-processes-in-different-parts-of-the-brain
#9
Sanjib Mohanty, Laura A Benjamin, Megharay Majhi, Premanand Panda, Sam Kampondeni, Praveen K Sahu, Akshaya Mohanty, Kishore C Mahanta, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Rashmi R Mohanty, Sonia Joshi, Anita Mohanty, Ian W Turnbull, Arjen M Dondorp, Terrie E Taylor, Samuel C Wassmer
The mechanisms underlying the rapidly reversible brain swelling described in patients with cerebral malaria (CM) are unknown. Using a 1.5-Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner, we undertook an observational study in Rourkela, India, of 11 Indian patients hospitalized with CM and increased brain volume. Among the 11 cases, there were 5 adults and 6 children. All patients had reduced consciousness and various degrees of cortical swelling at baseline. The latter was predominately posterior in distribution...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596159/in-vivo-relationship-between-hypoxia-and-angiogenesis-in-human-glioblastoma-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#10
Keven Ferreira da Ponte, David Hassanein Berro, Solène Collet, Jean-Marc Constans, Evelyne Emery, Samuel Valable, Jean-Sébastien Guillamo
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor. This aggressiveness is in part attributed to the closely interrelated phenomena, tumor hypoxia and angiogenesis, although few in vivo data exist in human brain tumors. This work aims to study hypoxia and angiogenesis, in vivo and in situ, in patients admitted with GBM using multimodal imaging. Methods: 23 GBM patients were assessed by [(18)F]-FMISO PET and conventional and perfusion MRI prior to surgery. The level and location of hypoxia ([(18)F]-FMISO uptake, evaluated by tumor/blood ratio, T/B), vascularization (cerebral blood volume, CBV) and vascular permeability (contrast enhancement after gadolinium injection) were analyzed...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588075/cerebral-perfusion-and-the-risk-of-dementia-a-population-based-study
#11
Frank J Wolters, Hazel I Zonneveld, Albert Hofman, Aad van der Lugt, Peter J Koudstaal, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram
Background -Cerebral hypoperfusion has previously been associated with mild cognitive impairment and dementia in various cross-sectional studies, but whether hypoperfusion precedes neurodegeneration is unknown. We prospectively determined the association of cerebral perfusion with subsequent cognitive decline and development of dementia. Methods -Between 2005 and 2012, we measured cerebral blood flow by 2D phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in non-demented participants of the population-based Rotterdam Study...
June 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587332/three-dimensional-arterial-spin-labeling-imaging-and-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-perfusion-weighted-imaging-value-in-diagnosing-glioma-grade-prior-to-surgery
#12
Hong Ma, Zizheng Wang, Kai Xu, Zefeng Shao, Chun Yang, Peng Xu, Xiaohua Liu, Chunfeng Hu, Xin Lu, Yutao Rong
The current study aimed to investigate whole-brain three-dimensional arterial spin labeling imaging (3D ASL) and dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion-weighted imaging (DSC-PWI), in regards to their diagnostic value of preoperative glioma grade. The parameter values obtained after correction will be correlated with the diagnostic value of 3D ASL and DSC-PWI perfusion. In the current study, 50 patients with gliomas confirmed by pathology were used, including 27 low-grade gliomas (LGGs) and 23 high-grade gliomas (HGGs)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573895/impacts-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-on-cardiovascular-hemodynamics-in-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-a-case-control-study-using-echocardiography
#13
Ji Hong Yoon, Eun-Jung Lee, Sook Kyung Yum, Cheong-Jun Moon, Youn Young-Ah, Yoo Jin Kwun, Jae Young Lee, In Kyung Sung
PURPOSE: The effects of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on hemodynamics in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two neonates (gestational age, 39.4 ± 1.3 weeks) who had TH for HIE and echocardiographic hemodynamic assessments during TH and post-TH period were studied. Gestational-age-matched 34 healthy neonates were enrolled for comparison. RESULTS: During TH, patients had significantly decreased left ventricular cardiac output (LVCO), descending aorta blood flow (DABF), and DABF/LVCO ratio, and increased resistive index of DA compared to controls...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573062/regional-cerebral-blood-flow-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-measured-with-arterial-spin-labeling-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
REVIEW
Alba Sierra-Marcos
Alzheimer's disease (AD) depicts dynamic changes in regional brain function from early stages of the disease. Arterial spin labeling- (ASL-) based MRI methods have been applied for detecting regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) perfusion changes in patients with AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Nevertheless, the results obtained from ASL studies in AD and MCI are still controversial, since rCBF maps may show both hypoperfusion or hyperperfusion areas in brain structures involved in different cognitive functions...
2017: International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572147/head-to-head-visual-comparison-between-brain-perfusion-spect-and-arterial-spin-labeling-mri-with-different-postlabeling-delays-in-alzheimer-disease
#15
T Kaneta, O Katsuse, T Hirano, W Ogawa, K Yoshida, T Odawara, Y Hirayasu, T Inoue
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial spin-labeling MR imaging has been recently developed as a noninvasive technique with magnetically labeled arterial blood water as an endogenous contrast medium for the evaluation of CBF. Our aim was to compare arterial spin-labeling MR imaging and SPECT in the visual assessment of CBF in patients with Alzheimer disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 33 patients with Alzheimer disease or mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer disease, CBF images were obtained by using both arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging with a postlabeling delay of 1...
June 1, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560150/amyloid-positron-emission-tomography-in-sporadic-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-a-systematic-critical-update
#16
REVIEW
Karim Farid, Andreas Charidimou, Jean-Claude Baron
Sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a very common small vessel disease of the brain, showing preferential and progressive amyloid-βdeposition in the wall of small arterioles and capillaries of the leptomeninges and cerebral cortex. CAA now encompasses not only a specific cerebrovascular pathological trait, but also different clinical syndromes - including spontaneous lobar intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), dementia and 'amyloid spells' - an expanding spectrum of brain parenchymal MRI lesions and a set of diagnostic criteria - the Boston criteria, which have resulted in increasingly detecting CAA during life...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559833/acute-intravenous-calcium-antagonist-for-suspected-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-story
#17
Charlotte Lützhøft Rath, Jun He, Mette Maria Nordling, Troels Wienecke
Stroke mimics, like attacks of hemiplegic migraine, are challenging in acute stroke evaluation. We present a 28-year-old woman with a suspected hemiplegic migraine attack with left-sided hemiparalysis. Brain CT with perfusion imaging 1 h 54 min after symptom onset revealed hypoperfusion in the right hemisphere. The patient was treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) with no effect. After a subsequent intravenous verapamil infusion, the patient gained full motor function within 10 min...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556691/t1-weighted-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-preliminary-study-with-low-infusion-rate-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Bruno-Bernard Rochetams, Bénédicte Marechal, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Kathleen Gaillot, Catherine Sembely-Taveau, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
Background The aim of this preliminary study is to evaluate the results of T1-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pediatric patients at 1.5T, with a low peripheral intravenous gadoteric acid injection rate of 1 ml/s. Materials and methods Children with neurological symptoms were examined prospectively with conventional MRI and T1-weighted DCE MRI. An magnetic resonance perfusion analysis method was used to obtain time-concentration curves (persistent pattern, type-I; plateau pattern, type-II; washout pattern, type-III) and to calculate pharmacokinetic parameters...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543071/differentiating-enhancing-multiple-sclerosis-lesions-glioblastoma-and-lymphoma-with-dynamic-texture-parameters-analysis-dtpa-a-feasibility-study
#19
Rajeev K Verma, Roland Wiest, C Locher, Mirjam R Heldner, Phillip Schucht, Andreas Raabe, Jan Gralla, Christian Philipp Kamm, Johannes Slotboom, Frauke Kellner-Weldon
PURPOSE: MR-imaging hallmarks of glioblastoma (GB), cerebral lymphoma (CL), and demyelinating lesions are gadolinium (Gd) uptake due to blood brain barrier disruption. Thus, initial diagnosis may be difficult based on conventional Gd enhanced MRI alone. Here, the added value of a dynamic texture parameter analysis (DTPA) in the differentiation between these three entities is examined. DTPA is an in-house software tool that incorporates the analysis of quantitative texture parameters extracted from dynamic susceptibility contrast enhanced (DSCE) images...
May 19, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542743/neuroimaging-cardiovascular-physiology-and-functional-outcomes-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
Nathalie H P Claessens, Christopher J Kelly, Serena J Counsell, Manon J N L Benders
This review integrates data on brain dysmaturation and acquired brain injury using fetal and neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including the contribution of cardiovascular physiology to differences in brain development, and the relationship between brain abnormalities and subsequent neurological impairments in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). The antenatal and neonatal period are critical for optimal brain development; the developing brain is particularly vulnerable to haemodynamic disturbances during this time...
May 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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