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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755228/effect-of-1-week-yoga-based-residential-program-on-cardiovascular-variables-of-hypertensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#1
Kashinath G Metri, Balaram Pradhan, Amit Singh, H R Nagendra
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yoga is a form of mind-body medicine shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure (BP) and reduces cardiac risk factors in HTN. Integrated approach of Yoga therapy (IAYT) is a residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention proven to be beneficial in several health conditions. Aim: To study the efficacy of 1 week of residential IAYT intervention on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755219/effect-of-yogic-breathing-on-accommodate-braille-version-of-six-letter-cancellation-test-in-students-with-visual-impairment
#2
Balaram Pradhan, Soubhagyalaxmi Mohanty, Alex Hankey
Context: Attentional processes tend to be less well developed in the visually impaired, who require special training to develop them fully. Yogic breathing which alters the patterns of respiration has been shown to enhance attention skills. Letter cancellation tests are well-established tools to measure attention and attention span. Here, a modified Braille version of the six-letter cancellation test (SLCT) was used for students with visual impairment (VI). Aim: This study aimed to assess the immediate effects of Bhramari Pranayama (BhPr) and breath awareness (BA) on students with VI...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755217/immediate-effects-of-yoga-breathing-with-intermittent-breath-holding-on-response-inhibition-among-healthy-volunteers
#3
Apar Avinash Saoji, B R Raghavendra, S K Rajesh, N K Manjunath
Background: There is very little evidence available on the effects of yoga-based breathing practices on response inhibition. The current study used stop-signal paradigm to assess the effects of yoga breathing with intermittent breath holding (YBH) on response inhibition among healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six healthy volunteers (17 males + 19 females), with mean age of 20.31 ± 3.48 years from a university, were recruited in a within-subject repeated measures (RM) design...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698082/phenomenological-inquiry-into-phoenix-rising-yoga-therapy
#4
Jenilee Sneed, Tonya Hammer
There is growing recognition within psychology and other disciplines that body experience may be as important as cognitive and emotional experience. However, psychology has few psychotherapeutic interventions to support the integration of mind and body within therapy. Phoenix Rising Yoga Therapy (PRYT) is a form of mind-body therapy that uses yoga posture, touch, and psychotherapeutic dialogue to facilitate growth and healing. The current study explored the phenomenological experience of four women who each received five PRYT sessions...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620560/unique-autonomic-responses-to-pain-in-yoga-practitioners
#5
Valerie Cotton, Lucie A Low, Chantal Villemure, M Catherine Bushnell
OBJECTIVES: Autonomic nervous system activity is associated with neurobehavioral aspects of pain. Yogis use breathing, relaxation and mindfulness to tolerate pain, which could influence autonomic responses. To evaluate how the link between autonomic responses and pain is altered by other factors, we compared perceptual and autonomic responses to pain between yogis and controls. METHODS: Nineteen yogis and 15 controls rated warm and painfully hot stimuli (1-cm thermode on calf), with visual anticipatory cues indicating certainly painful, certainly non-painful or uncertainly either painful or non-painful...
April 3, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616481/preoperative-rehabilitation-in-lung-cancer-patients-yoga-approach
#6
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Antonella Di Iulio, Achille Lococo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Raoul Saggini
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Surgical removal remains the best option for most tumors of this type. Reduction of cigarette consumption in patients with lung cancer candidates for the surgery could limit the impact of tobacco on postsurgical outcomes. Breathing exercises appear to help combat cigarette cravings. Yoga exercise benefits have been studied in lung cancer survivors, rather than in the preoperative setting. In this study, we have recruited 32 active smokers affected by lung cancer and being candidates for pulmonary surgery...
April 4, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609926/a-randomized-controlled-dosing-study-of-iyengar-yoga-and-coherent-breathing-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-impact-on-suicidal-ideation-and-safety-findings
#7
Maren Nyer, Patricia L Gerbarg, Marisa M Silveri, Jennifer Johnston, Tammy M Scott, Maya Nauphal, Liz Owen, Greylin H Nielsen, David Mischoulon, Richard P Brown, Maurizio Fava, Chris C Streeter
BACKGROUND: Yoga interventions offer promise for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), yet their safety and potential impact on suicidal ideation (SI) have not been well documented. This study evaluated the safety of a randomized controlled dose-finding trial of Iyengar yoga plus coherent breathing for individuals with MDD, as well as the potential effects of the intervention on SI without intent. METHODS: Participants with Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores ≥14 and a diagnosis of MDD (using DSM-IV criteria) were randomized to either a low dose group (LDG) or high dose group (HDG) and received a 12-week manualized intervention...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593576/vagus-nerve-as-modulator-of-the-brain-gut-axis-in-psychiatric-and-inflammatory-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Sigrid Breit, Aleksandra Kupferberg, Gerhard Rogler, Gregor Hasler
The vagus nerve represents the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system, which oversees a vast array of crucial bodily functions, including control of mood, immune response, digestion, and heart rate. It establishes one of the connections between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract and sends information about the state of the inner organs to the brain via afferent fibers. In this review article, we discuss various functions of the vagus nerve which make it an attractive target in treating psychiatric and gastrointestinal disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503371/-the-effective-of-facial-exercises-on-the-mental-health-in-elderly-adults
#9
Rumiko Okamoto, Katsuyoshi Mizukami
AIM: Although it is well documented that exercising is good for the mental health and cognitive function as well as the physical condition in elderly people, exercising is difficult in elderly individuals with a low motor function. To develop an exercise program targeting elderly individuals unsuited for whole-body exercises, we assessed the effects of facial exercises on the mental health in healthy elderly people. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 75, age range = 65-87 years) were randomly divided into a facial exercises group and a wait-listed control group...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502147/mindfulness-among-genetic-counselors-is-associated-with-increased-empathy-and-work-engagement-and-decreased-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue
#10
Julia Silver, Colleen Caleshu, Sylvie Casson-Parkin, Kelly Ormond
Genetic counselors experience high rates of compassion fatigue and an elevated risk for burnout, both of which can negatively impact patient care and retention in the profession. In other healthcare professions, mindfulness training has been successfully used to address similar negative psychological sequelae and to bolster empathy, which is the foundation of our counseling work. We aimed to assess associations between mindfulness and key professional variables, including burnout, compassion fatigue, work engagement, and empathy...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422747/yoga-in-print-media-missing-the-heart-of-the-practice
#11
Heather Freeman, Nadezhda Vladagina, Elika Razmjou, Christiane Brems
Background: Popular media typically portray yoga as an exercise or posture practice despite the reality that yoga comprised eight practices (called limbs) including ethical behavior, conscious lifestyle choices, postures, breathing, introspection, concentration, meditation, and wholeness. Aim: This study assessed the comprehensiveness of yoga practice as represented in articles in the popular yoga magazine, Yoga Journal . It explored the degree to which articles referenced each of the eight limbs of yoga and other contents (e...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422745/assessment-for-efficacy-of-additional-breathing-exercises-over-improvement-in-health-impairment-due-to-asthma-assessed-using-st-george-s-respiratory-questionnaire
#12
Dipti Agarwal, Prem Parkash Gupta, Sushma Sood
Background: Breathing exercises have been described to be useful in asthma management by few researchers in the past. Objective: To assess the efficacy of breathing exercises (Pranayamas) added to regular optimal medications in asthma patients in improving health impairment using St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods: Sixty stable asthma patients (34 females) receiving optimal treatment at our institute for 3 months or more as per the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines were included in the study...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419338/bridging-body-and-mind-considerations-for-trauma-informed-yoga
#13
Lauren Justice, Christiane Brems, Karrie Ehlers
Individuals who suffer from trauma-related symptoms are a unique population that could benefit from the mind-body practice of yoga-or have their symptoms reactivated by it, depending on the type of yoga. Trauma-informed yoga (TIY), that is, yoga adapted to the unique needs of individuals working to overcome trauma, may ameliorate symptoms by creating a safe, tailored practice for students to learn how to respond, rather than react, to symptoms and circumstances. Yoga not thus adapted, on the other hand, may increase reactivity and activate symptoms such as hyperarousal or dissociation...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395894/effects-of-yogic-breath-regulation-a-narrative-review-of-scientific-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Apar Avinash Saoji, B R Raghavendra, N K Manjunath
Pranayama or breath regulation is considered as an essential component of Yoga, which is said to influence the physiological systems. We present a comprehensive overview of scientific literature in the field of yogic breathing. We searched PubMed, PubMed Central and IndMed for citations for keywords "Pranayama" and "Yogic Breathing". The search yielded a total of 1400 references. Experimental papers, case studies and case series in English, revealing the effects of yogic breathing were included in the review...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383372/effectiveness-of-a-method-for-teaching-self-compassion-to-communication-sciences-and-disorders-graduate-students
#15
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of a daily mindfulness practice and 2 types of journaling on participants' development of self-compassion. Method: This was a between-groups design. All participants in a graduate counseling course engaged in a short daily mindfulness practice at the beginning of every class. Participants were randomly assigned to a counseling journal or a gratitude journal group. Participants were to write in their journals 2 to 5 times a week for the duration of the class...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379573/the-effects-of-yoga-in-patients-suffering-from-subjective-tinnitus
#16
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355046/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-tailored-yoga-in-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-a-pilot-study
#17
Melissa Adair, Barbara Murphy, Sujatha Yarlagadda, Jie Deng, Mary S Dietrich, Sheila H Ridner
PURPOSE: Treatment for head and neck cancer (HNC) results in long-term toxicities and increased physical and psychosocial survivor burden. There are a limited number of treatments for these late effects. Yoga postures, breath work, relaxation, and meditation, may improve these late effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of a tailored yoga program in HNC survivors and obtain preliminary efficacy data. METHODS: This was a randomized wait-list control study of yoga-naive HNC survivors who were >3 months post-cancer treatment...
January 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350581/characteristics-of-yoga-practice-and-predictors-of-practice-frequency
#18
Sujata Ghosh Ayala, Kenneth Wallson, Gurjeet Birdee
Yoga is a globally popular mind-body practice used for health. The objective of this study was to characterize yoga practice and factors associated with frequency of practice. Yoga practitioners were sent invitations via email to participate in an online survey. Yoga characteristics and other sociodemographics were collected. Data from 309 consenting respondents were analyzed for patterns in practice characteristics (yoga techniques, location of practice, method of instruction, teacher status, and yoga type)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350580/development-and-evaluation-of-a-yoga-intervention-program-for-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Catherine Justice, Corjena Cheung, Amy Samson-Burke
Preliminary research indicates that yoga could be a valuable tool for people suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little has been published about the process by which the yoga interventions were designed and evaluated. This study elaborates on the process of developing and testing a bi-weekly, 12-week yoga program to determine its safety and feasibility for people with PD. The lead yoga teacher used input from a focused literature review to design an initial draft of the intervention program. This draft was reviewed by a group of yoga experts ( n = 6) to develop the final intervention program...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343931/effect-of-modified-slow-breathing-exercise-on-perceived-stress-and-basal-cardiovascular-parameters
#20
G Sunil Naik, G S Gaur, G K Pal
Context: Different types of breathing exercises have varied effects on cardiovascular parameters and the stress levels in an individual. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a modified form of isolated alternate nostril, slow breathing exercise on perceived stress, and cardiovascular parameters in young, male volunteers. Settings and Design: This was a randomized control study carried out at Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry in 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
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