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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#1
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898207/a-breathing-based-meditation-intervention-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-following-inadequate-response-to-antidepressants-a-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Anup Sharma, Marna S Barrett, Andrew J Cucchiara, Nalaka S Gooneratne, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability of Sudarshan Kriya yoga (SKY) as an adjunctive intervention in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment. METHODS: Patients with MDD (defined by DSM-IV-TR) who were depressed despite ≥ 8 weeks of antidepressant treatment were randomized to SKY or a waitlist control (delayed yoga) arm for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was change in 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) total score from baseline to 2 months...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832718/mind-body-interventions-for-vasomotor-symptoms-in-healthy-menopausal-women-and-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#3
Evgenia Stefanopoulou, Elizabeth Alice Grunfeld
Mind-body therapies are commonly recommended to treat vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS). The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the available evidence to date for the efficacy of different mind-body therapies to alleviate HFNS in healthy menopausal women and breast cancer survivors. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified using seven electronic search engines, direct searches of specific journals and backwards searches through reference lists of related publications...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809558/hatha-yoga-practice-improves-attention-and-processing-speed-in-older-adults-results-from-an-8-week-randomized-control-trial
#4
Neha P Gothe, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Age-related cognitive decline is well documented across various aspects of cognitive function, including attention and processing speed, and lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity play an important role in preventing cognitive decline and maintaining or even improving cognitive function. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week Hatha yoga intervention on attention and processing speed among older adults. METHODS: Participants (n = 118; mean age, 62 ± 5...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797664/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#5
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797662/intervention-protocol-for-investigating-yoga-implemented-during-chemotherapy
#6
Stephanie J Sohl, Gurjeet S Birdee, Sheila H Ridner, Amy Wheeler, Sandra Gilbert, Danielle Tarantola, Jordan Berlin, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and other treatment-related symptoms are critical therapeutic targets for improving quality of life in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Yoga is a promising intervention for improving these therapeutic targets and has been primarily investigated in the group-class format, which is less feasible for cancer patients with high symptom burden to attend. Thus, we developed a protocol for implementing yoga individually in the clinic among patients receiving chemotherapy...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797659/-smoking-does-not-go-with-yoga-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-phenomenological-perceptions-during-yoga-and-smoking-cessation
#7
Rochelle K Rosen, Herpreet Thind, Ernestine Jennings, Kate M Guthrie, David M Williams, Beth C Bock
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, cigarette craving, increased negative affect, and increased experience of stress. Because yoga has been shown to reduce stress and negative affect, it may be an effective aid to smoking cessation. The objective of this study was to examine women's phenomenological experiences of vinyasa yoga as part of a smoking cessation program. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted post-intervention with women (n = 20) who participated in a pilot randomized controlled trial of yoga as a complementary therapy for smoking cessation...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747823/workload-regulation-by-sudarshan-kriya-an-eeg-and-ecg-perspective
#8
Sushil Chandra, Greeshma Sharma, Mansi Sharma, Devendra Jha, Alok Pakash Mittal
Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) is a type of rhythmic breathing activity, trivially a form of Pranayama that stimulates physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. The objective of the present work is to verify the effect of meditation in optimizing task efficiency and regulating stress. It builds on to quantitatively answer if SKY will increase workload tolerance for divided attention tasks in the people sank in it. EEG and ECG recordings were taken from a total of twenty-five subjects who had volunteered for the experiment...
July 18, 2016: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670869/-merging-yoga-and-occupational-therapy-my-ot-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#9
Arlene A Schmid, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Jennifer D Portz, Karen E Atler, Christine A Fruhauf
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: People with chronic stroke were included in the study if they: had sustained a fall or had fear of falling, were able to stand, and hand impaired balance and were at risk for falls (≤46 on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS))...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640077/effect-of-high-frequency-yoga-breathing-on-pulmonary-functions-in-patients-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Puneeth Raghavendra, Prashanth Shetty, Shivaprasad Shetty, N K Manjunath, Apar Avinash Saoji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630837/comments-on-alternate-nostril-breathing-at-different-rates-and-its-influence-on-heart-rate-variability-in-non-practitioners-of-yoga
#11
Sriloy Mohanty, Apar Avinash Saoji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619104/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-pain-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-mri-based-structural-spine-changes-in-low-back-pain-patients-after-yoga-practice
#12
Shirley Telles, Abhishek K Bhardwaj, Ram K Gupta, Sachin K Sharma, Robin Monro, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND The present study aimed at determining whether 12 weeks of yoga practice in patients with chronic LBP and MRI-based degenerative changes would result in differences in: (i) self-reported pain, anxiety, and spinal flexibility; and (ii) the structure of the discs or vertebrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-two persons with MRI-proven degenerative intervertebral discs (group mean ±S.D., 36.2±6.4 years; 30 females) were randomly assigned to yoga and control groups. However, testing was conducted on only 40 subjects, so only their data are included in this study...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557146/yoga-for-asthma
#13
Zu-Yao Yang, Hui-Bin Zhong, Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Ya-Fang Huang, Xin-Yin Wu, Yuan-Mei Gao, Jin-Ling Tang
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disorder affecting about 300 million people worldwide. As a holistic therapy, yoga has the potential to relieve both the physical and psychological suffering of people with asthma, and its popularity has expanded globally. A number of clinical trials have been carried out to evaluate the effects of yoga practice, with inconsistent results. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga in people with asthma. METHODS: HASH(0x4441f68) SEARCH METHODS: We systematically searched the Cochrane Airways Group Register of Trials, which is derived from systematic searches of bibliographic databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, and PsycINFO, and handsearching of respiratory journals and meeting abstracts...
July 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552065/a-qualitative-study-on-the-practice-of-yoga-for-women-with-pain-associated-endometriosis
#14
Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Maria Y Makuch, Maria Silvia Setubal, Nelson Filice Barros, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVES: To understand the meaning women with pain-associated endometriosis attribute to yoga practice regarding their physical and emotional state at the beginning of the practice; pain management by integrating body and mind; secondary benefits of the practice of yoga, such as self-knowledge, self-care, and autonomy; and the role of the yoga group as psychosocial support. DESIGN: Qualitative study conducted simultaneously with a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Public university hospital in southeastern Brazil between August 2013 and December 2014...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545747/yoga-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-the-management-of-dyspnea-in-coal-miners-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Rajashree Ranjita, Alex Hankey, H R Nagendra, Soubhagylaxmi Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Coal mine dust exposure causes chronic airflow limitation in coal miners resulting in dyspnea, fatigue, and eventually chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yoga can alleviate dyspnea in COPD by improving ventilatory mechanics, reducing central neural drive, and partially restoring neuromechanical coupling of the respiratory system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) in the management of dyspnea and fatigue in coal miners with COPD...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538513/yogic-breathing-when-compared-to-attention-control-reduces-the-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-saliva-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Waleed O Twal, Amy E Wahlquist, Sundaravadivel Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Self-report measures indicate that Yoga practices are perceived to reduce stress; however, molecular mechanisms through which YB affects stress are just beginning to be understood. While invasive sampling such as blood has been widely used to measure biological indicators such as pro-inflammatory biomarkers, the use of saliva to measure changes in various biomolecules has been increasingly recognized. As Yoga practice stimulates salivary secretion, and saliva is considered a source of biomarkers, changes in salivary cytokines before and after Yogic breathing exercise as specified in an ancient Tamil script, Thirumanthiram, were examined using a Cytokine Multiplex to compare to Attention Control (AC) group...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526272/intervention-protocol-for-investigating-yoga-implemented-during-chemotherapy
#17
Stephanie J Sohl, Gurjeet S Birdee, Sheila H Ridner, Amy Wheeler, Sandra Gilbert, Danielle Tarantola, Jordan Berlin, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and other treatment-related symptoms are critical therapeutic targets for improving quality of life in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Yoga is a promising intervention for improving these therapeutic targets and has been primarily investigated in the group-class format, which is less feasible for cancer patients with high symptom burden to attend. Thus, we developed a protocol for implementing yoga individually in the clinic among patients receiving chemotherapy...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512322/yoga-protocol-for-treatment-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema
#18
S R Narahari, Madhur Guruprasad Aggithaya, Liselotte Thernoe, Kuthaje S Bose, Terence J Ryan
INTRODUCTION: Vaqas and Ryan (2003) advocated yoga and breathing exercises for lymphedema. Narahari et al. (2007) developed an integrative medicine protocol for lower-limb lymphedema using yoga. Studies have hypothesized that yoga plays a similar role as that of central manual lymph drainage of Foldi's technique. This study explains how we have used yoga and breathing as a self-care intervention for breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). METHODS: The study outcome was to create a yoga protocol for BCRL...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512319/elements-of-yogic-practice-perceptions-of-students-in-healthcare-programs
#19
Christiane Brems, Dharmakaya Colgan, Heather Freeman, Jillian Freitas, Lauren Justice, Margaret Shean, Kari Sulenes
BACKGROUND: The practice of yoga has a long history as an integrated lifestyle science. Those who have practiced yoga in its full form (including all eight traditional aspects) find that it touches almost every aspect of their inter- and intra-personal lives. Despite this rich history, the West has adopted limited aspects of yoga practice. When understood narrowly as a physical fitness practice, healthful benefits of yoga may be lost, possibly promoting body-consciousness and injury instead...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490814/-smoking-does-not-go-with-yoga-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-phenomenological-perceptions-during-yoga-and-smoking-cessation
#20
Rochelle K Rosen, Herpreet Thind, Ernestine Jennings, Kate M Guthrie, David M Williams, Beth C Bock
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, cigarette craving, increased negative affect, and increased experience of stress. Because yoga has been shown to reduce stress and negative affect, it may be an effective aid to smoking cessation. The objective of this study was to examine women's phenomenological experiences of vinyasa yoga as part of a smoking cessation program. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted post-intervention with women (n = 20) who participated in a pilot randomized controlled trial of yoga as a complementary therapy for smoking cessation...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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