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Jann B Skelton, James A Owen
OBJECTIVES: The Community Pharmacy Residency Program (CPRP) Planning Committee convened to develop a vision and a strategic action plan for the advancement of community pharmacy residency training. Aligned with the profession's efforts to achieve provider status and expand access to care, the Future Vision and Action Plan for Community-based Residency Training will provide guidance, direction, and a strategic action plan for community-based residency training to ensure that the future needs of community-based pharmacist practitioners are met...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Laura Hoelters, Joseph Francis O'Grady, Simon George Webster, David Charles Wilcockson
Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) has been extensively studied in decapod crustaceans where it is known to exert pleiotropic effects, including regulation of blood glucose levels. Hyperglycemia in decapods seems to be temporally gated to coincide with periods of activity, under circadian clock control. Here, we used gene cloning, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry to describe the characterization and localization of CHH in two peracarid crustaceans, Eurydice pulchra and Talitrus saltator. We also exploited the robust behavioral rhythmicity of these species to test the hypothesis that CHH mRNA expression would resonate with their circatidal (12...
October 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Nola Cecins, Holly Landers, Sue Jenkins
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) are most commonly provided in hospital settings which present barriers to attendance such as long distances or travel times. Community-based settings have been used in an attempt to alleviate the travel burden. This study evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of a network of community-based PRPs provided in non-healthcare facilities (CPRPs). The CPRPs were established in five venues and comprised two supervised group sessions each week for 8 weeks. Participant inclusion criteria and guidelines for exercise testing and training were developed to reduce the risk of adverse events...
June 17, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Mao-Lun Weng, Tracey A Ruhlman, Robert K Jansen
Plastids and mitochondria have many protein complexes that include subunits encoded by organelle and nuclear genomes. In animal cells, compensatory evolution between mitochondrial and nuclear-encoded subunits was identified and the high mitochondrial mutation rates were hypothesized to drive compensatory evolution in nuclear genomes. In plant cells, compensatory evolution between plastid and nucleus has rarely been investigated in a phylogenetic framework. To investigate plastid-nuclear coevolution, we focused on plastid ribosomal protein genes that are encoded by plastid and nuclear genomes from 27 Geraniales species...
2016: Genome Biology and Evolution
Claudia Ventura-López, Gracia Gómez-Anduro, Fabiola G Arcos, Raúl Llera-Herrera, Ilie S Racotta, Ana M Ibarra
The crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family is an important group of neuropeptides involved in controlling growth, reproduction, and stress response in decapod species. In this study, a new gene containing 4 exons-3 introns flanked by canonical 5'-GT-AG-3' intron splice-site junctions was isolated from Litopenaeus vannamei. Two full length transcripts of this CHH were isolated from eyestalk and pericardial tissue of males and females using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Transcripts sequences were 1578bp in length in males pericardial tissues and in males and females eyestalk with 100% identity, but the transcript isolated from females pericardial tissues was shorter (974bp)...
May 15, 2016: Gene
Katherine Shugart, Jason Bryant, Dean Kress, Bryan Ziegler, Lynn Connelly, Kristy Brittain
PURPOSE: The value of a first-year community pharmacy residency program (CPRP) at an independent pharmacy was estimated based on time allocation for resident responsibilities. METHODS: Predefined time allocation categories for the pharmacy resident were used to consistently classify and document time completing residency activities. Benefit-to-cost ratio was determined by tabulating total costs and total benefits of the residency program. A retrospective-prospective comparison of overall change in revenue, operating expense, and prescription volume was performed between the preresident time period (July 2012 to June 2013) and the postresident time period (July 2013 to June 2014)...
December 1, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Ping Ping Hu, Hui Liu, Lei Zhan, Lin Ling Zheng, Cheng Zhi Huang
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra, which can provide large information about trace amount of chemical and biological species have been widely performed as a well-established tool in complex biological system. In this work, coomassie brilliant blue (R-250) with high affinity to proteins and high Raman activity was employed as a Raman reporter to probe prion protein (PrP) through a dual-aptamer mechanism, and thus an original strategy for PrP determination was proposed, which showed great potential to turn on the SERS response through specific recognition of anti-prion aptamers towards the target protein...
July 1, 2015: Talanta
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Participation rates of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in efficacious cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programmes (CPRPs) are low, particularly in ethnic minorities. Few studies have evaluated the full array of potential barriers to participation in a multiethnic cohort with identical insurance coverage. OBJECTIVE: To assess the hierarchy of multiple barriers (ie, sociodemographic, systemic, illness related, psychological and cultural) to participation in CPRP of Jewish and Arab patients served by a regional hospital in Israel...
2014: Open Heart
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are effective in preventing recurrence. Ethnicity impacts on such behaviours. We assessed the independent association of Arab vs. Jewish ethnicity with persistence of smoking and physical inactivity 6 months after ACS in central Israel. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: During their admission for ACS and subsequently 6 months later, 420 patients were interviewed about their smoking and exercise habits...
April 2015: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Amy Burleson Sullivan, Judith Scheman, Anthony Lopresti, Heather Prayor-Patterson
The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of an interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program in a multiple sclerosis (MS) population by evaluating changes in mood, pain, and functioning. This descriptive study examined 20 patients with chronic pain and MS who were admitted to the Cleveland Clinic's Chronic Pain Rehabilitation Program (CPRP) between 2000 and 2009. At both admission to and discharge from the CPRP, measures of pain, depression, and functioning were obtained using a pain visual analogue scale (VAS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and the Pain Disability Index (PDI)...
2012: International Journal of MS Care
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established medical recommendations, many cardiac patients do not exercise regularly either independently or through formal cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRP). This non-adherence is even more pronounced among minority ethnic groups. Illness cognition (IC), i.e. the way people perceive the situation they encounter, has been recognized as a crucial determinant of health-promoting behavior. Few studies have applied a cognitive perspective to explain the disparity in exercising and CPRP attendance between cardiac patients from different ethnic backgrounds...
2013: BMC Public Health
Yuxi Zheng, Stewart J Tepper, Edward C Covington, Manu Mathews, Judith Scheman
BACKGROUND: Incapacitating chronic migraine and other severe headaches can have significant impact on peoples' lives, including family and occupational functioning. Although a number of reports have investigated the prevalence and medical treatment of chronic headache, few have reported on the efficacy of treating these disorders within a comprehensive, intensive chronic pain rehabilitation program (CPRP), instead of a headache-specific program. CPRPs provide treatment of headache by focusing not only on physical pain, but also its association with impaired mood and function...
March 2014: Headache
Whitney L Unterwagner, Mario M Zeolla, Anne L Burns
OBJECTIVE To identify why current and former community pharmacy residents chose a community pharmacy residency program (CPRP), what factors in the program were emphasized and not emphasized, what opportunities were available to them postresidency, and, for former residents, what skills learned during their residency have been most useful in their careers to date. DESIGN Mail survey. PARTICIPANTS 1999-2000 residents and former residents dating back to 1986. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Reasons residents chose a CPRP over other residency or employment opportunities and respondents' ratings of the emphasis placed on a variety of skills and activities in their training programs...
March 2003: Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association: APhA
Kelly L Huffman, Giries W Sweis, Allison Gase, Judith Scheman, Edward C Covington
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of and factors predicting opioid resumption among patients with chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and therapeutic opioid addiction (TOA) treated in an interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation program (CPRP) incorporating opioid weaning. DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective treatment outcome study. Only those with addiction were counseled to avoid opioids for non-acute pain. SETTING: Large academic medical center...
December 2013: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
T Bezgin, A D Yilmaz, B N Celik, H Sönmez
AIM: To present two case reports describing the treatment of immature teeth with necrotic pulps using concentrated platelet-rich plasma (cPRP) with 12-month clinical and radiographic follow-up. SUMMARY: Root canal revascularization was performed on immature permanent teeth clinically and radiographically diagnosed as requiring root canal treatment. Following disinfection of the canal space with triple antibiotic paste (1 : 1 : 1: ciprofloxacin, metronidazole and cefaclor), a tissue scaffold was created with cPRP prepared using 2-step centrifugation...
January 2014: International Endodontic Journal
Lorenzo Alibardi
The previous identification of 21 proteins in the digital setae transcriptome of Gekko gecko, 2 alpha-keratins of 52-53kDa and 19 beta-proteins (beta-keratins) of 10-21kDa, has indicated that most of setal corneous proteins are cysteine-rich. The production of specific antibodies for two of the main beta-protein subfamilies expressed in gecko setae has allowed the ultrastructural localization of two beta-proteins indicated as Ge-cprp-9 (cysteine-rich) and Ge-gprp-6 (glycine-rich). Only Ge-cprp-9, representing most of the 16 cysteine-rich beta-proteins, is present in the oberhautchen, setae and in the terminal spatula where adhesion takes place, supporting the previous expression study...
August 2013: Tissue & Cell
Jon C Schommer, James A Owen, Gina M Scime, Marsha K Millonig
OBJECTIVE: To describe the types of services provided at primary community pharmacy residency program (CPRP) sites and the levels of intensity devoted to different levels of patient care. DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study. SETTING: United States during May and June 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 120 key informants from CPRPs. INTERVENTION: Key informants from CPRPs were surveyed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of residency sites providing selected patient care services, proportion of each service provided by residents, estimates for the number of repetitions needed for a typical resident to become proficient in each service, and services provided at other practice sites...
March 2013: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Zeljko Kovacic, Milan Ivanisevic, Lovro Bojic, Zlatko Hrgovic, Mladen Lesin, Deni Kurelovic
We wanted to examine which of two panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) techniques, classical panretinal photocoagulation (CPRP) and modifield peripheral panretinal photocoagulation PPRP), causes less decline of visual acuity (VA) due to macular edema (ME) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PRD). This clinical study includes 180 eyes with PDR with initial papillar neovascularization. The patients were divided into two groups according the RP. PPRP and CPRP showed the decline of VA in all patients, more pronounced in the CPRP group after one week...
2012: Medical Archives
Sharon B S Gatewood, Akash J Alexander, Leticia R Moczygemba, David A Mott, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To assess student exposure to types of pharmacy practice, evaluate awareness and perceptions of community pharmacy residencies, and identify areas of postgraduate training of interest to student pharmacists. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, online survey study. SETTING: United States, January to April 2008. PARTICIPANTS: Student pharmacists in the final 2 years of the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program...
September 2012: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Limei Hui, Robert Cunningham, Zichuan Zhang, Weifeng Cao, Chenxi Jia, Lingjun Li
The crustacean sinus gland (SG) is a well-defined neuroendocrine site that produces numerous hemolymph-borne agents including the most complex class of endocrine signaling molecules-neuropeptides. Via a multifaceted mass spectrometry (MS) approach, 70 neuropeptides were identified including orcokinins, orcomyotropin, crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) precursor-related peptides (CPRPs), red pigment concentrating hormone (RPCH), pigment dispersing hormone (PDH), proctolin, RFamides, RYamides, and HL/IGSL/IYRamide...
September 2, 2011: Journal of Proteome Research
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