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Noa Vilchinsky, Orna Reges, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahim Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
PURPOSE: Despite its proven efficacy, low participation rates in cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRPs) prevail worldwide, especially among ethnic minorities. This is strongly evident in Israel's Arab minority. Since psychological distress has been found to be associated with CPRP participation and minorities are subjected to higher levels of distress, it is plausible that distress may be an important barrier for CPRP participation among minority patients. The current prospective study assessed the contribution of depression and anxiety symptoms to participation in a CPRP after acute coronary syndrome, both in the enrollment phase and when considering adherence over time, among Jewish (majority) and Arab (minority) patients in Israel...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Jae Yung Kwon, Laura Yvonne Bulk, Zarina Giannone, Sarah Liva, Bubli Chakraborty, Helen Brown
Despite numerous studies on formal interprofessional education programes, less attention has been focused on informal interprofessional learning opportunities. To provide such an opportunity, a collaborative peer review process (CPRP) was created as part of a peer-reviewed journal. Replacing the traditional peer review process wherein two or more reviewers review the manuscript separately, the CPRP brings together students from different professions to collaboratively review a manuscript. The aim of this study was to assess whether the CPRP can be used as an informal interprofessional learning tool using an exploratory qualitative approach...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To characterize positions obtained upon graduation from Community Pharmacy Residency Programs (CPRPs). DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study; online cross-sectional survey. SETTING: United States, February to April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three community pharmacy residency program alumni. INTERVENTION: CPRP alumni identified by past program directors were surveyed using 3 contact attempts...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Yun Wang, Xuedong Yan, Yu Zhou, Qingwan Xue, Li Sun
Carsharing is growing rapidly in popularity worldwide. When the vehicles involved are Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), carsharing has been proven to remarkably contribute to easing energy and environment crises. In this study, individuals' acceptance to carsharing in China was measured from three aspects: carsharing mode choice behavior, highest acceptable price to use carsharing, and willingness to forgo car purchases. The data were collected by a web-based survey. The hierarchical tree-based regression (HTBR) method was applied to explore the effects of potential influencing factors on individuals' acceptance, and some interesting findings were obtained: participants who know about carsharing were more likely to use carsharing, pay higher prices and forgo car purchases; the most competitive trip purpose and trip distance for choosing carsharing were, respectively, business activities and 11-20 km; most participants (47...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Robert P Gersch, Joshua Glahn, Michael G Tecce, Anthony J Wilson, Ivona Percec
Background: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are a powerful tool for cosmetic surgery and regenerative medicine. The use of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP), particularly in combination with ASC-based therapy, has significantly expanded in recent years. Unfortunately, the mechanisms and optimal dosing responsible for the beneficial effects of PRP remain poorly understood. Here we investigate the effect of PRP on ASC growth and differentiation. Objectives: To assess the impact of different PRP feeding and cryopreservation protocols on ASC isolation, expansion, and differentiation...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Homayoun Nikkhah, Hossein Ghazi, Mohammad Reza Razzaghi, Saeed Karimi, Alireza Ramezani, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical efficacy of extended targeted retinal photocoagulation (ETRP) compared to conventional panretinal photocoagulation (CPRP) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: In a single-masked randomized clinical trial, 270 eyes of 234 patients with naïve early or high-risk PDR were randomly assigned to receive either CPRP or ETRP (135 eyes, each treatment arm). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, fundus examination, wide-field fluorescein angiography (WFFA) and optical coherence tomography were carried out before and 3 months after retinal photocoagulation...
February 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Jann B Skelton, James A Owen
OBJECTIVES: The Community Pharmacy Residency Program (CPRP) Planning Committee convened to develop a vision and a strategic action plan for the advancement of community pharmacy residency training. Aligned with the profession's efforts to achieve provider status and expand access to care, the Future Vision and Action Plan for Community-based Residency Training will provide guidance, direction, and a strategic action plan for community-based residency training to ensure that the future needs of community-based pharmacist practitioners are met...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Laura Hoelters, Joseph Francis O'Grady, Simon George Webster, David Charles Wilcockson
Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) has been extensively studied in decapod crustaceans where it is known to exert pleiotropic effects, including regulation of blood glucose levels. Hyperglycemia in decapods seems to be temporally gated to coincide with periods of activity, under circadian clock control. Here, we used gene cloning, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry to describe the characterization and localization of CHH in two peracarid crustaceans, Eurydice pulchra and Talitrus saltator. We also exploited the robust behavioral rhythmicity of these species to test the hypothesis that CHH mRNA expression would resonate with their circatidal (12...
October 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Nola Cecins, Holly Landers, Sue Jenkins
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) are most commonly provided in hospital settings which present barriers to attendance such as long distances or travel times. Community-based settings have been used in an attempt to alleviate the travel burden. This study evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of a network of community-based PRPs provided in non-healthcare facilities (CPRPs). The CPRPs were established in five venues and comprised two supervised group sessions each week for 8 weeks. Participant inclusion criteria and guidelines for exercise testing and training were developed to reduce the risk of adverse events...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Mao-Lun Weng, Tracey A Ruhlman, Robert K Jansen
Plastids and mitochondria have many protein complexes that include subunits encoded by organelle and nuclear genomes. In animal cells, compensatory evolution between mitochondrial and nuclear-encoded subunits was identified and the high mitochondrial mutation rates were hypothesized to drive compensatory evolution in nuclear genomes. In plant cells, compensatory evolution between plastid and nucleus has rarely been investigated in a phylogenetic framework. To investigate plastid-nuclear coevolution, we focused on plastid ribosomal protein genes that are encoded by plastid and nuclear genomes from 27 Geraniales species...
June 27, 2016: Genome Biology and Evolution
Claudia Ventura-López, Gracia Gómez-Anduro, Fabiola G Arcos, Raúl Llera-Herrera, Ilie S Racotta, Ana M Ibarra
The crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family is an important group of neuropeptides involved in controlling growth, reproduction, and stress response in decapod species. In this study, a new gene containing 4 exons-3 introns flanked by canonical 5'-GT-AG-3' intron splice-site junctions was isolated from Litopenaeus vannamei. Two full length transcripts of this CHH were isolated from eyestalk and pericardial tissue of males and females using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Transcripts sequences were 1578bp in length in males pericardial tissues and in males and females eyestalk with 100% identity, but the transcript isolated from females pericardial tissues was shorter (974bp)...
May 15, 2016: Gene
Katherine Shugart, Jason Bryant, Dean Kress, Bryan Ziegler, Lynn Connelly, Kristy Brittain
PURPOSE: The value of a first-year community pharmacy residency program (CPRP) at an independent pharmacy was estimated based on time allocation for resident responsibilities. METHODS: Predefined time allocation categories for the pharmacy resident were used to consistently classify and document time completing residency activities. Benefit-to-cost ratio was determined by tabulating total costs and total benefits of the residency program. A retrospective-prospective comparison of overall change in revenue, operating expense, and prescription volume was performed between the preresident time period (July 2012 to June 2013) and the postresident time period (July 2013 to June 2014)...
December 1, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Ping Ping Hu, Hui Liu, Lei Zhan, Lin Ling Zheng, Cheng Zhi Huang
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra, which can provide large information about trace amount of chemical and biological species have been widely performed as a well-established tool in complex biological system. In this work, coomassie brilliant blue (R-250) with high affinity to proteins and high Raman activity was employed as a Raman reporter to probe prion protein (PrP) through a dual-aptamer mechanism, and thus an original strategy for PrP determination was proposed, which showed great potential to turn on the SERS response through specific recognition of anti-prion aptamers towards the target protein...
July 1, 2015: Talanta
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Participation rates of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in efficacious cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programmes (CPRPs) are low, particularly in ethnic minorities. Few studies have evaluated the full array of potential barriers to participation in a multiethnic cohort with identical insurance coverage. OBJECTIVE: To assess the hierarchy of multiple barriers (ie, sociodemographic, systemic, illness related, psychological and cultural) to participation in CPRP of Jewish and Arab patients served by a regional hospital in Israel...
2014: Open Heart
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are effective in preventing recurrence. Ethnicity impacts on such behaviours. We assessed the independent association of Arab vs. Jewish ethnicity with persistence of smoking and physical inactivity 6 months after ACS in central Israel. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: During their admission for ACS and subsequently 6 months later, 420 patients were interviewed about their smoking and exercise habits...
April 2015: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Amy Burleson Sullivan, Judith Scheman, Anthony Lopresti, Heather Prayor-Patterson
The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of an interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program in a multiple sclerosis (MS) population by evaluating changes in mood, pain, and functioning. This descriptive study examined 20 patients with chronic pain and MS who were admitted to the Cleveland Clinic's Chronic Pain Rehabilitation Program (CPRP) between 2000 and 2009. At both admission to and discharge from the CPRP, measures of pain, depression, and functioning were obtained using a pain visual analogue scale (VAS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and the Pain Disability Index (PDI)...
2012: International Journal of MS Care
Orna Reges, Noa Vilchinsky, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahem Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established medical recommendations, many cardiac patients do not exercise regularly either independently or through formal cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRP). This non-adherence is even more pronounced among minority ethnic groups. Illness cognition (IC), i.e. the way people perceive the situation they encounter, has been recognized as a crucial determinant of health-promoting behavior. Few studies have applied a cognitive perspective to explain the disparity in exercising and CPRP attendance between cardiac patients from different ethnic backgrounds...
2013: BMC Public Health
Yuxi Zheng, Stewart J Tepper, Edward C Covington, Manu Mathews, Judith Scheman
BACKGROUND: Incapacitating chronic migraine and other severe headaches can have significant impact on peoples' lives, including family and occupational functioning. Although a number of reports have investigated the prevalence and medical treatment of chronic headache, few have reported on the efficacy of treating these disorders within a comprehensive, intensive chronic pain rehabilitation program (CPRP), instead of a headache-specific program. CPRPs provide treatment of headache by focusing not only on physical pain, but also its association with impaired mood and function...
March 2014: Headache
Whitney L Unterwagner, Mario M Zeolla, Anne L Burns
OBJECTIVE To identify why current and former community pharmacy residents chose a community pharmacy residency program (CPRP), what factors in the program were emphasized and not emphasized, what opportunities were available to them postresidency, and, for former residents, what skills learned during their residency have been most useful in their careers to date. DESIGN Mail survey. PARTICIPANTS 1999-2000 residents and former residents dating back to 1986. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Reasons residents chose a CPRP over other residency or employment opportunities and respondents' ratings of the emphasis placed on a variety of skills and activities in their training programs...
March 2003: Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association: APhA
Kelly L Huffman, Giries W Sweis, Allison Gase, Judith Scheman, Edward C Covington
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of and factors predicting opioid resumption among patients with chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and therapeutic opioid addiction (TOA) treated in an interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation program (CPRP) incorporating opioid weaning. DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective treatment outcome study. Only those with addiction were counseled to avoid opioids for non-acute pain. SETTING: Large academic medical center...
December 2013: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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