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herbal medicine for diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807156/metabolic-factors-and-adult-neurogenesis-impacts-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-brain-repair-in-neurological-diseases
#1
Chong Gao, Jiangang Shen
Adult neurogenesis plays the important roles in animal cognitive and emotional behaviors. Abnormal proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) usually associate with the neural dysfunctions induced by different brain disorders. Therefore, targeting neurogenic factors could be a promoting strategy for neural regeneration and brain repair. Importantly, epidemiological studies suggest metabolism disorders like diabetes and obesity significantly increase the risk of neurological and psychiatric diseases...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807155/effects-of-lycium-barbarum-on-the-visual-system
#2
Abby L Manthey, Kin Chiu, Kwok-Fai So
Lycium barbarum (wolfberry, gogi berry, gouqizi, ) is one of the most widely used Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) and is also one of the most scientifically studied. Indeed, the polysaccharide component of this berry (LBP) has been shown to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antiexcitotoxic, and antiapoptotic properties. These properties make it a particularly useful treatment option for the ocular environment. Although there are a handful of studies investigating the use of LBP to treat diseases affecting the lens, the vast majority of the published literature investigating LBP in the visual system focus on the retina...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776081/metformin-historical-overview
#3
EDITORIAL
Clifford J Bailey
Metformin (dimethylbiguanide) has become the preferred first-line oral blood glucose-lowering agent to manage type 2 diabetes. Its history is linked to Galega officinalis (also known as goat's rue), a traditional herbal medicine in Europe, found to be rich in guanidine, which, in 1918, was shown to lower blood glucose. Guanidine derivatives, including metformin, were synthesised and some (not metformin) were used to treat diabetes in the 1920s and 1930s but were discontinued due to toxicity and the increased availability of insulin...
August 3, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770011/interactions-between-antidiabetic-drugs-and-herbs-an-overview-of-mechanisms-of-action-and-clinical-implications
#4
REVIEW
Ramesh C Gupta, Dennis Chang, Srinivas Nammi, Alan Bensoussan, Kellie Bilinski, Basil D Roufogalis
Diabetes is a complex condition with a variety of causes and pathophysiologies. The current single target approach has not provided ideal clinical outcomes for the treatment of the disease and its complications. Herbal medicine has been used for the management of various diseases such as diabetes over centuries. Many diabetic patients are known to use herbal medicines with antidiabetic properties in addition to their mainstream treatments, which may present both a benefit as well as potential risk to effective management of their disease...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767064/psoralea-corylifolia-l-seed-extract-attenuates-diabetic-nephropathy-by-inhibiting-renal-fibrosis-and-apoptosis-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#5
Eunhui Seo, Hwansu Kang, Yoon Sin Oh, Hee-Sook Jun
The Psoralea corylifolia L. seed (PCS) is a widely used herbal medicine, but its possible effect against diabetic nephropathy has not been studied. To investigate the anti-nephropathic effect of PCS extracts, we performed experiments using a diabetic mouse model and high glucose-treated mesangial cells. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice were orally administered PCS extract for 8 weeks (500 mg/kg/day). Increased creatinine clearance, urine volume, urine microalbumin, and mesangial expansion were observed in STZ-induced diabetic mice; these were significantly reduced by PCS extract administration...
August 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758992/demystifying-traditional-herbal-medicine-with-modern-approach
#6
Fu-Shuang Li, Jing-Ke Weng
Plants have long been recognized for their therapeutic properties. For centuries, indigenous cultures around the world have used traditional herbal medicine to treat a myriad of maladies. By contrast, the rise of the modern pharmaceutical industry in the past century has been based on exploiting individual active compounds with precise modes of action. This surge has yielded highly effective drugs that are widely used in the clinic, including many plant natural products and analogues derived from these products, but has fallen short of delivering effective cures for complex human diseases with complicated causes, such as cancer, diabetes, autoimmune disorders and degenerative diseases...
July 31, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758125/antihyperglycemic-and-antihyperlipidemic-activity-of-hydroponic-stevia-rebaudiana-aqueous-extract-in-hyperglycemia-induced-by-immobilization-stress-in-rabbits
#7
Anush Aghajanyan, Zaruhi Movsisyan, Armen Trchounian
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious worldwide problem related to human hyperglycemia. Thus, herbal preparations with antihyperglycemic properties especially leaf extracts of hydroponic Stevia rebaudiana (SR) would be useful in hyperglycemia treatment. The antihyperglycemic potential of this medicinal plant grown using hydroponics methods has been evaluated. Significant reduction of some biochemical characteristics for sugars and fatty acids in blood, liver, and muscle especially fasting glucose levels, serum triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol levels, and increased HDL-cholesterol ones was shown with SR aqueous extract treatment...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747209/hypoglycemic-effects-of-acacia-nilotica-in-type-ii-diabetes-a-research-proposal
#8
Nasibeh Roozbeh, Leili Darvish, Fatemeh Abdi
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder throughout the world which can negatively affect the function of various body organs. Due to their availability and few side effects, herbal medicines have been proposed as suitable alternatives in the management of diabetes. Previous studies have confirmed the anti diabetic properties of Acacia nilotica. The hypoglycemic effects of this plant have been attributed to its role in stimulating the islets of Langerhans to produce more insulin...
July 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742368/borapetoside-e-a-clerodane-diterpenoid-extracted-from-tinospora-crispa-improves-hyperglycemia-and-hyperlipidemia-in-high-fat-diet-induced-type-2-diabetes-mice
#9
Yuhui Xu, Yanfen Niu, Yuan Gao, Fang Wang, Wanying Qin, Yanting Lu, Jing Hu, Li Peng, Jikai Liu, Wenyong Xiong
An insidious increase in the incidence of obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia has led to an epidemic of type 2 diabetes worldwide. Tinospora crispa (T. crispa) is a familiar plant traditionally used in herbal medicine for diabetes; however, the major active ingredients of this plant are still unclear. In this study, we identified the therapeutic effects of borapetoside E, a small molecule extracted from T. crispa, in high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity in mice. The therapeutic effects of borapetoside E in HFD-induced obese mice were assessed physiologically, histologically, and biochemically following intraperitoneal injection...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733527/effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicines-on-the-occurrence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-and-protection-of-arpe-19-retina-cells-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress
#10
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Te-Mao Li, Cheng-Hang Ko, Chi-Fung Cheng, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Ju-Pi Li, Shao-Mei Huang, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of type 2 diabetes and the leading cause of acquired blindness. In Taiwan, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is a popular adjunctive therapy. In this study, we investigated the CHM prescription patterns and their effects. We identified 23,701 subjects with type 2 diabetes in a database, and after matching for age and gender, 6,948 patients each were assigned to CHM and non-CHM groups. In the female subgroups, the cumulative retinopathy probability was lower for the CHM users than that for the CHM non-users (P < 0...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731171/protective-role-of-pollen-typhae-total-flavone-against-the-palmitic-acid-induced-impairment-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-involving-gpr40-signaling-in-ins-1-cells
#11
Xiao-Tao Feng, Hui-Ming Duan, Shuang-Lei Li
Prolonged elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) contribute to the impairment of insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, which is partly attributed to the dysfunction of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) signaling. Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), an extract from a Chinese herbal medicine named Pollen Typhae, has been reported to effectively treat type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, severely impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a time-dependent manner in INS-1 cells, and PTF treatment prevented the impairment in a dose-dependent manner...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729836/an-overview-of-herbal-products-and-secondary-metabolites-used-for-management-of-type-two-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Ajda Ota, Nataša P Ulrih
Diabetes mellitus is a common effect of uncontrolled high blood sugar and it is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs. In the adult population, the global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980. Without effective prevention and management programs, the continuing significant rise in diabetes will have grave consequences on the health and lifespan of the world population, and also on the world economy. Supplements can be used to correct nutritional deficiencies or to maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721818/eurycoma-longifolia-a-potential-phytomedicine-for-the-treatment-of-cancer-evidence-of-p53-mediated-apoptosis-in-cancerous-cells
#13
Hnin Ei Thu, Zahid Hussain, Isa Naina Mohamed, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
BACKGROUND: Eurycoma longifolia is a well-documented herbal medicine that has gained widespread recognition due to its versatile pharmacological activities including anticancer, anti-malarial, antimicrobial, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, anti-diabetic, anti-rheumatism and anti-ulcer. Plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies evidenced their excellent anti-proliferative and anticancer efficacy against various types of human cancers. OBJECTIVE: This review was aimed to critically analyze the therapeutic viability and anticancer efficacy of Eurycoma longifolia in the treatment of cancer and also to propose its molecular and translational mechanism of cytotoxicity against cancerous cells...
July 18, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716821/abnormalities-in-alternative-splicing-in-diabetes-therapeutic-targets
#14
REVIEW
Zodwa Dlamini, Fortunate Mokoena, Rodney Hull
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable, metabolic disorder that affects 416 million individuals worldwide. Type 2 diabetes contributes to a vast 85-90% of the diabetes incidences while 10-15% of patients suffer from type 1 diabetes. These two predominant forms of DM cause a significant loss of functional pancreatic β-cell mass causing different degrees of insulin deficiency, most likely, due to increased β-cell apoptosis. Treatment options involve the use of insulin sensitisers, α-glucosidase inhibitors, and β-cell secretagogues which are often expensive, limited in efficacy and carry detrimental adverse effects...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716572/dpph-hplc-ms-assisted-rapid-identification-of-endothelial-protective-substances-from-xiao-ke-an
#15
Zhenzhong Yang, Zhenhao Li, Zheng Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xiao-Ke-An formula (XKA) is a Chinese medicine widely used for treating diabetes and associated complications. Endothelial protection is thought to be one of its therapeutic mechanisms. However, the protective effect of XKA on endothelial cells remains unclear, especially in oxidative injury induced endothelial dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel strategy to rapidly screen and identify potential endothelial protective substances from XKA was established by combining the 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (DPPH-HPLC-MS) approach with cell-based verification...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707602/ginkgo-biloba-extract-in-vascular-protection-molecular-mechanisms-and-clinical-applications
#16
Jinfan Tian, Yue Liu, Keji Chen
Background Leaves of Ginkgo biloba, a "living fossil," have been used as traditional herbal medicine for hundreds of years in China. Currently, its application in vascular protection is gaining much attention. Methods In this manuscript, preclinical studies were reviewed to discuss various mechanisms underlying the vascular protection by Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE). Additionally, we reviewed clinical studies to present the application of GBE in the ischaemic disease. Results GBE, a commonly used as a dietary supplement, has been shown to act as an antioxidant and free-radical scavenger, a membrane stabilizer, an inhibitor of the platelet-activating factor, a vasodilator, and a regulator of metabolism...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668259/ayurvedic-anti-diabetic-formulation-lodhrasavam-inhibits-%C3%AE-amylase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-suppresses-adipogenic-activity-of-3t3-l1-cells
#17
Megha Abhijit Butala, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni, Chethala N Vishnuprasad
BACKGROUND: The patho-physiological cross-talk between diabetes and obesity is well established. However, the choices of drugs suitable for combined treatment of diabetes and obesity are limited. Integration of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), like Ayurveda, with modern medicine would be a promising strategy to fill this gap. The diagnostic principles of Ayurveda define obesity as one of the predisposing factors of Madhumeha (correlated as diabetes) and recommends specific formulations for managing obese-diabetes...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662699/hypoglycaemic-activity-of-mathurameha-a-thai-traditional-herbal-formula-aqueous-extract-and-its-effect-on-biochemical-profiles-of-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-diabetic-rats
#18
Kullacha Chayarop, Penchom Peungvicha, Rungravi Temsiririrkkul, Yuvadee Wongkrajang, Wongsatit Chuakul, Piyanuch Rojsanga
BACKGROUND: The Thai traditional herbal formula-Mathurameha, consisting of 26 medicinal plants, has been used as an alternative and complementary medicine for diabetes treatment in Wangnamyen Hospital, Thailand. To provide scientific evidences on the efficacy and safety of this herbal formula, in vivo hypoglycaemic activity, effect on serum biochemical profiles and acute toxicity were investigated. METHODS: Experimental type 2 diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by intraperitoneal injection of nicotinamide 15 min prior to intravenous injection of streptozotocin...
June 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662316/therapeutic-potential-of-rhizoma-alismatis-a-review-on-ethnomedicinal-application-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#19
REVIEW
Le-Le Zhang, Wen Xu, Yu-Lian Xu, Xiuping Chen, Mingqing Huang, Jin-Jian Lu
Rhizoma Alismatis (RA), the dried rhizome of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep, is a common traditional herbal medicine named Ze Xie in Chinese. RA is an important herbal component of a number of well-known Chinese medicinal preparations. It has been used to treat various ailments, such as dysuria, edema, nephropathy, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. A wide range of chemical compounds, mainly triterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and diterpenoids, have been isolated from RA; among which the protostane-type triterpenoids, termed alisols, have attracted the most attention owing to their unique chemical structures and various biological activities...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659162/acupuncture-paired-with-herbal-medicine-for-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Xinger Li, Haiyan Liu, Huiping Feng, Zhongren Xian, Yanhong Chen, Jianping Chen, Chunzhi Tang, Xinsheng Lai, Xiaoling Lan, Huanzhen Huang, Dongdong Yu
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes has become a major disease and is known to seriously impair people's health worldwide. Prediabetes includes impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and is the most critical period for preventing type-2 diabetes, as it can be identified and reversed. Studies in the past decade have indicated that acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine may be beneficial for treating prediabetes. However, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) should be conducted to obtain more clinical evidence on this topic...
June 28, 2017: Trials
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