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herbal medicine for diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716821/abnormalities-in-alternative-splicing-in-diabetes-therapeutic-targets
#1
REVIEW
Zodwa Dlamini, Fortunate Mokoena, Rodney Hull
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable, metabolic disorder that affects 416 million individuals worldwide. Type 2 diabetes contributes to a vast 85-90% of the diabetes incidences while 10-15% of patients suffer from type 1 diabetes. These two predominant forms of DM cause a significant loss of functional pancreatic β-cell mass causing different degrees of insulin deficiency, most likely, due to increased β-cell apoptosis. Treatment options involve the use of insulin sensitisers, α-glucosidase inhibitors, and β-cell secretagogues which are often expensive, limited in efficacy and carry detrimental adverse effects...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716572/dpph-hplc-ms-assisted-rapid-identification-of-endothelial-protective-substances-from-xiao-ke-an
#2
Zhenzhong Yang, Zhenhao Li, Zheng Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xiao-Ke-An formula (XKA) is a Chinese medicine widely used for treating diabetes and associated complications. Endothelial protection is thought to be one of its therapeutic mechanisms. However, the protective effect of XKA on endothelial cells remains unclear, especially in oxidative injury induced endothelial dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel strategy to rapidly screen and identify potential endothelial protective substances from XKA was established by combining the 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (DPPH-HPLC-MS) approach with cell-based verification...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707602/ginkgo-biloba-extract-in-vascular-protection-molecular-mechanisms-and-clinical-applications
#3
Jinfan Tian, Yue Liu, Keji Chen
Background Leaves of Ginkgo biloba, a "living fossil," have been used as traditional herbal medicine for hundreds of years in China. Currently, its application in vascular protection is gaining much attention. Methods In this manuscript, preclinical studies were reviewed to discuss various mechanisms underlying the vascular protection by Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE). Additionally, we reviewed clinical studies to present the application of GBE in the ischaemic disease. Results GBE, a commonly used as a dietary supplement, has been shown to act as an antioxidant and free-radical scavenger, a membrane stabilizer, an inhibitor of the platelet-activating factor, a vasodilator, and a regulator of metabolism...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668259/ayurvedic-anti-diabetic-formulation-lodhrasavam-inhibits-%C3%AE-amylase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-suppresses-adipogenic-activity-of-3t3-l1-cells
#4
Megha Abhijit Butala, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni, Chethala N Vishnuprasad
BACKGROUND: The patho-physiological cross-talk between diabetes and obesity is well established. However, the choices of drugs suitable for combined treatment of diabetes and obesity are limited. Integration of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), like Ayurveda, with modern medicine would be a promising strategy to fill this gap. The diagnostic principles of Ayurveda define obesity as one of the predisposing factors of Madhumeha (correlated as diabetes) and recommends specific formulations for managing obese-diabetes...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662699/hypoglycaemic-activity-of-mathurameha-a-thai-traditional-herbal-formula-aqueous-extract-and-its-effect-on-biochemical-profiles-of-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-diabetic-rats
#5
Kullacha Chayarop, Penchom Peungvicha, Rungravi Temsiririrkkul, Yuvadee Wongkrajang, Wongsatit Chuakul, Piyanuch Rojsanga
BACKGROUND: The Thai traditional herbal formula-Mathurameha, consisting of 26 medicinal plants, has been used as an alternative and complementary medicine for diabetes treatment in Wangnamyen Hospital, Thailand. To provide scientific evidences on the efficacy and safety of this herbal formula, in vivo hypoglycaemic activity, effect on serum biochemical profiles and acute toxicity were investigated. METHODS: Experimental type 2 diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by intraperitoneal injection of nicotinamide 15 min prior to intravenous injection of streptozotocin...
June 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662316/therapeutic-potential-of-rhizoma-alismatis-a-review-on-ethnomedicinal-application-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#6
REVIEW
Le-Le Zhang, Wen Xu, Yu-Lian Xu, Xiuping Chen, Mingqing Huang, Jin-Jian Lu
Rhizoma Alismatis (RA), the dried rhizome of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep, is a common traditional herbal medicine named Ze Xie in Chinese. RA is an important herbal component of a number of well-known Chinese medicinal preparations. It has been used to treat various ailments, such as dysuria, edema, nephropathy, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. A wide range of chemical compounds, mainly triterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and diterpenoids, have been isolated from RA; among which the protostane-type triterpenoids, termed alisols, have attracted the most attention owing to their unique chemical structures and various biological activities...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659162/acupuncture-paired-with-herbal-medicine-for-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Xinger Li, Haiyan Liu, Huiping Feng, Zhongren Xian, Yanhong Chen, Jianping Chen, Chunzhi Tang, Xinsheng Lai, Xiaoling Lan, Huanzhen Huang, Dongdong Yu
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes has become a major disease and is known to seriously impair people's health worldwide. Prediabetes includes impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and is the most critical period for preventing type-2 diabetes, as it can be identified and reversed. Studies in the past decade have indicated that acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine may be beneficial for treating prediabetes. However, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) should be conducted to obtain more clinical evidence on this topic...
June 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656091/a-review-of-the-effects-of-berberis-vulgaris-and-its-major-component-berberine-in-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Jamshid Tabeshpour, Mohsen Imenshahidi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), characterized by a cluster of metabolic abnormalities including hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and dyslipidemia, is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a massive healthcare burden worldwide. In recent years, with regard to the adverse effects of synthetic drugs, increasing attention has been paid by researchers to herbal medicines for a variety of disorders such as CVD. A large body of literature supports different pharmacological actions of Berberis vulgaris (B...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654752/in-silico-prediction-of-the-toxic-potential-of-lupeol
#9
Manuel Antonio Ruiz-Rodríguez, Angelo Vedani, Ana Lidia Flores-Mireles, Manuel Humberto Chairez-Ramirez, Jose Alberto Gallegos-Infante, Ruben F Gonzalez-Laredo
Lupeol is a natural triterpenoid found in many plant species such as mango. This compound is the principal active component of many traditional herbal medicines. In the past decade, a considerable number of publications dealt with lupeol and its analogues due to the interest in their pharmacological activities against cancer, inflammation, arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease. To identify further potential applications of lupeol and its analogues, it is necessary to investigate their mechanisms of action, particularly, their interaction with off-target proteins that may trigger adverse effects or toxicity...
June 27, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647509/a-review-of-acalypha-indica-l-euphorbiaceae-as-traditional-medicinal-plant-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#10
REVIEW
Nor Syahiran Zahidin, Syafiqah Saidin, Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Harisun Ya'akob, Hadi Nur
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acalypha indica is an herbal plant that grows in wet, temperate and tropical region, primarily along the earth's equator line. This plant is considered by most people as a weed and can easily be found in these regions. Although this plant is a weed, Acalypha indica has been acknowledged by local people as a useful source of medicine for several therapeutic treatments. They consume parts of the plant for many therapeutics purposes such as anthelmintic, anti-ulcer, bronchitis, asthma, wound healing, anti-bacterial and other applications...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643853/qualitative-analysis-of-polyphenols-in-macroporous-resin-pretreated-pomegranate-husk-extract-by-hplc-qtof-ms
#11
Rahima Abdulla, Sanawar Mansur, Haizhong Lai, Ablikim Ubul, Guangying Sun, Guozheng Huang, Haji Akber Aisa
INTRODUCTION: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) husk is a traditional herbal medicine abundant in phenolic compounds and plays some roles in the treatment of oxidative stress, bacterial and viral infection, diabetes mellitus, and acute and chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: Identification and determination of polyphenols in macroporous resin pretreated pomegranate husk extract by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS)...
June 23, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641051/beneficial-role-of-citrus-fruit-polyphenols-against-hepatic-dysfunctions-a-review
#12
Md Mohabbulla Mohib, Kazi Afnan, Tasfiq Zaman Paran, Salma Khan, Juthika Sarker, Nahid Hasan, Istiaque Hasan, Md Abu Taher Sagor
Alcoholic liver diseases and virus-induced hepatic dysfunctions are prevalent in western countries. Evidence also suggests that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance are key players in the development of hepatic diseases and their complications. Since the comorbid diseases like obesity, diabetes and vascular dysfunctions primarily affect liver, the modern therapies against other hepatic dysfunctions are becoming a major challenge to treat. In addition to these, polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are further aggravating the phenomenon...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637994/anti-diabetic-activities-of-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#13
Tomoko Nozaki, Jun Minaguchi, Kazushige Takehana, Hiromi Ueda
Zhen Qi Hypoglycemic Capsules (ZQHC) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine containing medical activities by ougi (Astragalus membranaceus) and ousei (Polygonatum rhizome). Although ZQHC has been traditionally utilized as an anti-diabetic medicine in China, there is no evidence. Therefore, this study investigated the beneficial effects of ZQHC against diabetes using streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats by biochemical and morphological methods. Eight-week old male Fisher strain rats were intraperitoneally injected with STZ (50 mg/kg of B...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629533/design-of-new-traditional-chinese-medicine-herbal-formulae-for-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-network-pharmacology
#14
Rui-Feng Hu, Xiao-Bo Sun
In the present study, 28 Chinese medicinal herbs belonging to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes were selected to explore the application of network pharmacology in developing new Chinese herbal medicine formulae for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). These herbs have the highest appearance rate in the literature, and their compounds are listed. The human protein-protein interaction network and the T2DM disease protein interaction network were constructed...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601955/suksdorfin-promotes-adipocyte-differentiation-and-improves-abnormalities-in-glucose-metabolism-via-ppar%C3%AE-activation
#15
Mari Iwase, Takayuki Yamamoto, Kanako Nishimura, Haruya Takahashi, Shinsuke Mohri, Yongjia Li, Huei-Fen Jheng, Wataru Nomura, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Chu-Sook Kim, Rina Yu, Masahiko Taniguchi, Kimiye Baba, Shigeru Murakami, Teruo Kawada, Tsuyoshi Goto
Although the Apiaceae herb family has been traditionally used for the management of type 2 diabetes, its molecular mechanism has not been clarified. Coumarin derivatives, which are abundant in plants of the Apiaceae family, were evaluated for their effects on adipogenesis. We found that suksdorfin significantly promoted adipocyte differentiation and enhanced production of adiponectin, an anti-diabetic adipokine. We also demonstrated that suksdorfin activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a master regulator of adipogenesis...
June 10, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593025/ziziphus-nummularia-inhibits-inflammation-induced-atherogenic-phenotype-of-human-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells
#16
Manal Fardoun, Tuqa Al-Shehabi, Ahmed El-Yazbi, Khodr Issa, Fouad Zouein, Dina Maaliki, Rabah Iratni, Ali H Eid
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis is a CVD characterized by plaque formation resulting from inflammation-induced insults to endothelial cells, monocytes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Despite significant advances, current treatments for atherosclerosis remain insufficient, prompting the search for alternative modalities, including herbal medicine. Ziziphus nummularia is an herb commonly used in the amelioration of symptoms associated with many health conditions such as cold, diarrhea, cancer, and diabetes...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585285/the-synergistic-potential-of-various-teas-herbs-and-therapeutic-drugs-in-health-improvement-a-review
#17
REVIEW
F Malongane, L J McGaw, F N Mudau
Tea is one of the most widely consumed non-alcoholic beverages in the world next to water. It is classified as Camellia sinensis and non-Camellia sinensis (herbal teas). The common bioactive compounds found mainly in green teas are flavan-3-ols (catechins) (also called flavanols), proanthocyanidins (tannins) and flavonols. Black tea contains theaflavins and thearubigins and white tea contains L-theanine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), while herbal teas contain diverse polyphenols. Phytochemicals in tea exhibit anti-microbial, anti-diabetic and anti-cancer activities that are perceived to be helpful in managing chronic diseases linked to lifestyle...
June 6, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572825/antidiabetic-compounds-in-syzygium-cumini-decoction-and-ready-to-serve-herbal-drink
#18
P R D Perera, S Ekanayake, K K D S Ranaweera
Herbal beverages with desirable sensory attributes are an ideal way to offer consumers with phytochemicals having specific health promoting functionalities. Syzygium cumini bark decoction is used in treating diabetes mellitus in Ayurveda medicine. This work attempted to prove the presence of antidiabetic compounds in the S. cumini decoction and the ready to serve (RTS) herbal drink developed using the decoction. Activity guided fractionation of the decoction of the S. cumini was carried out by sequential extraction with organic solvents of different polarities...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559973/research-on-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-treating-gastrointestinal-motility-in-diabetic-rats-by-improving-biomechanical-remodeling-and-neuroendocrine-regulation
#19
Jiaxing Tian, Min Li, Jingbo Zhao, Junling Li, Guifang Liu, Zhong Zhen, Yang Cao, Hans Gregersen, Xiaolin Tong
Previous studies have demonstrated that TWA, a Chinese herbal medicine, could significantly improve the symptoms of patients with diabetic gastrointestinal dysfunction. However, the specific mechanism of regulating intestinal peristalsis has not been found. This study aimed to discover TWA's therapeutic mechanism for regulating intestinal motility. The intestinal propulsion rate of diabetic rats was significantly increased after treatment with TWA for 8 weeks. Aiming at the mechanical structure, biomechanical testing indicated that TWA can significantly decrease the no-load intestinal wall thickness, cross-sectional area, and angular spread in a zero-stress state...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545778/current-pharmacological-developments-in-2-3-4-5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-tsg
#20
REVIEW
Jingjing Wu, Wenfeng Hu, Yu Gong, Peng Wang, Lijuan Tong, Xiangfan Chen, Zhuo Chen, Xiaole Xu, Wenjuan Yao, Wei Zhang, Chao Huang
2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), a resveratrol analog with glucoside, is purified from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine polygonum multiflorum. It has been extensively studied in last decade and known to exert strong anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and free radical scavenging activities, and therefore has been listed as a potential agent for disease therapies. Recent studies extend well-beyond effects of TSG on the injury of neurons, cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells, and report important functions of TSG in a lot of pathophysiological conditions...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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