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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545778/current-pharmacological-developments-in-2-3-4-5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-tsg
#1
REVIEW
Jingjing Wu, Wenfeng Hu, Yu Gong, Peng Wang, Lijuan Tong, Xiangfan Chen, Zhuo Chen, Xiaole Xu, Wenjuan Yao, Wei Zhang, Chao Huang
2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG), a resveratrol analog with glucoside, is purified from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine polygonum multiflorum. It has been extensively studied in last decade and known to exert strong anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and free radical scavenging activities, and therefore has been listed as a potential agent for disease therapies. Recent studies extend well-beyond effects of TSG on the injury of neurons, cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells, and report important functions of TSG in a lot of pathophysiological conditions...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545434/effects-of-dangguibuxue-decoction-on-rat-glomerular-mesangial-cells-cultured-under-high-glucose-conditions
#2
Xiao-Dan Ren, Ying-Wen Zhang, Xiu-Ping Wang, Ya-Rong Li
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) plays an important role in pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Here, we investigated the effects of Dangguibuxue decoction (DBD), an herbal traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) formula composed of Astragali Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on GMC proliferation and fibrogenesis under high-glucose (HG) conditions. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups and administered intragastric 0...
May 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511405/evaluation-of-acute-oral-toxicity-of-ethanol-leaves-extract-of-catharanthus-roseus-in-wistar-albino-rats
#3
Venkateswar Rao Vutukuri, M C Das, Muralidhar Reddy, Siva Prabodh, Padma Sunethri
INTRODUCTION: Herbal drugs have gained importance globally in the treatment of various diseases. Catharanthus roseus is traditionally used as an anti diabetic and anti cancer drug. To the best of our knowledge limited data are available on acute and sub acute toxicity of C. roseus extract despite its wide spread use in traditional medicine. The present study was under taken to evaluate the acute oral toxicity of the ethanol leaves extract of C. roseus. AIM: To investigate the acute oral toxic effects of ethanol leaves extract of C...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507818/screening-of-a-natural-compound-library-identifies-emodin-a-natural-compound-from-rheum-palmatum-linn-that-inhibits-dpp4
#4
Zhaokai Wang, Longhe Yang, Hu Fan, Peng Wu, Fang Zhang, Chao Zhang, Wenjie Liu, Min Li
Historically, Chinese herbal medicines have been widely used in the treatment of hyperglycemia, but the mechanisms underlying their effectiveness remain largely unknown. Here, we screened a compound library primarily comprised of natural compounds extracted from herbs and marine organisms. The results showed that emodin, a natural compound from Rheum palmatum Linn, inhibited DPP4 activity with an in vitro IC50 of 5.76 µM without inhibiting either DPP8 or DPP9. A docking model revealed that emodin binds to DPP4 protein through Glu205 and Glu206, although with low affinity...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503989/intravenous-olfactory-test-latency-correlates-with-improvement-in-post-infectious-olfactory-dysfunction
#5
Kyohei Horikiri, Shu Kikuta, Kaori Kanaya, Yuya Shimizu, Hironobu Nishijima, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Kenji Kondo
CONCLUSION: This cohort study showed that onset latency in the intravenous olfactory test (IVO) may help predict when olfaction in patients with post-infectious olfactory dysfunction (PIOD) improves. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors that predict the olfactory improvement period in patients with PIOD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL: All consecutive patients presenting with PIOD in 1994-2014 who were followed up for 2 years were identified retrospectively...
May 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428704/lead-poisoning-due-to-herbal-medications
#6
Shailja Chambial, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Praveen Sharma
Lead ranks as one of the most serious environmental poisons all over the world amongst toxic heavy metals with no known biological function useful for the human body. A case of lead toxicity due to consumption of herbal medicine is being discussed. The case presented with gastrointestinal complaints and history of intake of herbal medicines for diabetes control for past 8 months. The analysis of the powdered herbal medicine procured from ayurveda practitioner was found to have high content of lead responsible for the lead toxicity...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418191/evaluation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-jinlida-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-based-on-stratification-results-of-subgroup-analysis-from-12-week-trial
#7
Jiaxing Tian, Fengmei Lian, Libo Yang, Xiaolin Tong
BACKGROUND: Previous study found that the Chinese Herbal Medicine Jinlida could significantly enhance the hypoglycemic action of metformin compared to metformin alone. However, the advantage of Jinlida has not been clarified yet. We aimed to compare the efficacy of Jinlida in patients with T2DM based on stratification. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a 12-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study of Jinlida. The efficacy evaluation included HbA1c, FPG and 2hPG levels stratified by baseline HbA1c, sex, age, BMI, and duration of DM diagnosis...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394361/effects-of-walnut-oil-on-lipid-profiles-in-hyperlipidemic-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
M J Zibaeenezhad, P Farhadi, A Attar, A Mosleh, F Amirmoezi, A Azimi
BACKGROUND: The role of herbal medicine is now well documented in preventing and controlling diabetes mellitus. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of walnut oil consumption on lipid profiles of hyperlipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 100 hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients aged 35-75 years were assigned to receive 15 cc Persian walnut oil or placebo every day for 90 days...
April 10, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393240/do-in-seung-gi%C3%A2-tang-extract-suppresses-adipocyte-differentiation-in-3t3%C3%A2-l1-cells
#9
Eun Hyoung Shim, Myeong Soo Lee, Ju-Ah Lee, Hoyoung Lee
Blood stasis syndrome (BSS), additionally called Eohyul, is a basic pathological concept in Traditional Korean Medicine. Do In Seung Gi‑Tang (DISGT) is herbal medicine used for the treatment of BSS. It primarily treats metabolic diseases (MDs) including obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and gynecological diseases, by promoting blood circulation. The present study aimed to investigate the anti‑adipogenesis effect of DISGT in 3T3‑L1 adipocytes using Oil Red O staining, and assessing levels of triglycerides (TGs) and leptin in adipocytes by ELISA and western blot analysis...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372473/selection-of-chemical-markers-for-the-quality-control-of-medicinal-plants-of-the-genus-cecropia
#10
Andrés Rivera-Mondragón, Orlando O Ortíz, Sebastiaan Bijttebier, Arnold Vlietinck, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters, Catherina Caballero-George
CONTEXT: Several Cecropia (Cecropiaceae) species are traditionally used in Latin America for the treatment of a variety of diseases including diabetes, arterial hypertension, asthma, bronchitis, anxiety, and inflammation. At present, a number of commercial products based on these plants have been introduced into the market with very little information on methods for guaranteeing their quality and safety. OBJECTIVE: This work proposes potential chemical markers for the quality control of the raw materials of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364864/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tribulus-terrestris-in-male-sexual-dysfunction-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Zdravko Kamenov, Svetlana Fileva, Krassimir Kalinov, Emmanuele A Jannini
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives were to compare the efficacy of extracts of the plant Tribulus terrestris (TT; marketed as Tribestan), in comparison with placebo, for the treatment of men with erectile dysfunction (ED) and with or without hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), as well as to monitor the safety profile of the drug. The secondary objective was to evaluate the level of lipids in blood during treatment. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Phase IV, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in parallel groups...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360538/antidiabetic-and-gastric-emptying-inhibitory-effect-of-herbal-melia-azedarach-leaf-extract-in-rodent-models-of-diabetes-type-2-mellitus
#12
Daniel Seifu, Lars E Gustafsson, Rajinder Chawla, Solomon Genet, Asfaw Debella, Mikael Holst, Per M Hellström
Diabetes type 2 is associated with impaired insulin production and increased insulin resistance. Treatment with antidiabetic drugs and insulin strives for normalizing glucose homeostasis. In Ethiopian traditional medicine, plant extracts of Melia azedarach are used to control diabetes mellitus and various gastrointestinal disorders. The objective of this study was to clarify the antidiabetic effects of M. azedarach leaf extracts in diabetic type 2 experimental animals. In this study, mice were injected with Melia extract intraperitoneally...
2017: Journal of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348624/antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-galloyl-derivatives-and-antidiabetic-activities-of-acer-ginnala
#13
Kwan Hee Park, Kyu Hyeong Yoon, Jun Yin, Thi Tam Le, Hye Sin Ahn, Seong Hye Yoon, Min Won Lee
Chromatographic isolation of the 80% MeOH extract of Acer ginnala (AG) yielded seven galloyl derivatives: gallic acid (1), ginnalin B (2), acertannin (3), maplexin D (4), maplexin E (5), quercetin-3-O-(2''-galloyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (6), and kaempferol-3-O-(2''-galloyl)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (7). This is the first study to report the isolation of compounds 4 and 5 from AG. Galloyl derivatives 3-7 exhibited potent radical scavenging activities, with 5 and 7 showing particularly strong inhibitory activities against nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) stimulated RAW264...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292208/herbal-medicines-for-diabetes-control-among-indian-and-pakistani-migrants-with-diabetes
#14
Tania Porqueddu
Drawing on data collected during a 16-month ethnographic investigation, this paper explores practices around Indians' and Pakistanis' use of herbal medications for diabetes control. The ethnographic study was conducted among Indian and Pakistani migrants in Edinburgh, Scotland and included extended participant observation, six group discussions and 21 semi-structured interviews. Respondents showed great resistance in adhering to medication prescriptions for diabetes control due to their various side effects, especially within the stomach...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282296/herbal-and-dietary-supplements-related-to-diarrhea-and-acute-kidney-injury-a-case-report
#15
Suphamat Wanitsriphinyo, Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai
Background There is very little evidence relating to the association of herbal medicine with diarrhea and the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). This study reports a case of diarrhea-induced AKI, possibly related to an individual ingesting copious amounts of homemade mixed fruit and herb puree. Case presentation A 45-year-old Thai man with diabetes had diarrhea for 2 days, as a result of taking high amounts of a puree made up of eight mixed fruits and herbs over a 3-day period. He developed dehydration and stage 2 AKI, with a doubling of his serum creatinine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270141/pharmacological-basis-for-the-medicinal-use-of-polyherbal-formulation-and-its-ingredients-in-cardiovascular-disorders-using-rodents
#16
Abdul Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Hajra Channa, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar, Anwarul-Hassan Gilani
BACKGROUND: A compound herbal formulation (POL4) has been used in the indigenous system of medicine to treat cardiometabolic disorders like diabetes and associated hypertension. POL4 and most of its constituents have not been studied widely for its therapeutic use in hypertension. This study is aimed to determine the efficacy and possible insight into mechanism(s) for the medicinal use of POL4 and its ingredients in hypertension. METHODS: The aqueous methanolic extracts of POL4 (POL4...
March 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257977/review-of-antidiabetic-fruits-vegetables-beverages-oils-and-spices-commonly-consumed-in-the-diet
#17
REVIEW
Maliheh Najari Beidokhti, Anna K Jäger
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and its prevalence is rapidly increasing throughout the world. Modifications of lifestyle such as suitable diet and exercise programs along with pharmacotherapy and education of patients are beneficial therapies for patients with type 2 diabetes. The ethnopharmacological use of herbal medicines, many of them part of our diet as spices, vegetables and fruits, has been developed for the treatment of diabetes due to inexpensiveness, easy availability and few side effects...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250793/cytochrome-p450-and-p-glycoprotein-mediated-interactions-involving-african-herbs-indicated-for-common-noncommunicable-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Gregory Ondieki, Makafui Nyagblordzro, Siambi Kikete, Rongjia Liang, Lili Wang, Xin He
Herbal remedies are regularly used to complement conventional therapies in the treatment of various illnesses in Africa. This may be because they are relatively cheap and easily accessible and are believed by many to be safe, cause fewer side effects, and are less likely to cause dependency. On the contrary, many herbs have been shown to alter the pharmacokinetics of coadministered allopathic medicines and can either synergize or antagonize therapeutic effects as well as altering the toxicity profiles of these drugs...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216905/green-biosynthesis-characterization-in-vitro-antidiabetic-activity-and-investigational-acute-toxicity-studies-of-some-herbal-mediated-silver-nanoparticles-on-animal-models
#19
Kalakotla Shanker, Gottumukkala Krishna Mohan, Md Ashwaq Hussain, Naradala Jayarambabu, Poka Lakshmi Pravallika
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, altered carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. In recent studies, Nanoscience and nanotechnology are blazing fields for researchers; for researchers; of late there has been a prodigious excitement in the field of nanopharmacology to study silver nanoparticle (SNP) synthesis using natural products. Biological methods have been used to synthesize SNPs using medicinally active plants having an antidiabetic role, and this made us to assess the biologically synthesized SNPs from the seed extract of Psoralea corylifolia using 1 mM silver nitrate solution...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213110/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-stroke-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Chi-Fung Cheng, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Cheng-Wen Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D) include stroke, which is a cerebrovascular disturbance characterized by reduced blood flow in the brain, leading to death or physical disability. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in ancient China for the treatment of diabetes and stroke by supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the frequencies and patterns of CHM treatment for stroke patients with T2D and the outcomes of long-term use in Taiwan...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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