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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644300/breathlessness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#2
Noel Baxter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breathlessness is a high-volume problem with 10% of adults experiencing the symptom daily placing a heavy burden on the health and wider economy. As it worsens, they enter the specialist and hospital-based symptom services where costs quickly escalate and people may find themselves in a place not of their choosing. For many, their care will be delivered by a disease or organ specialist and can find themselves passing between physicians without coordination for symptom support...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639550/the-role-of-nurse-leaders-in-advancing-carer-communication-needs-across-transitions-of-care-a-call-to-action
#3
Sonia A Udod, Michelle Lobchuk
This paper focuses on the central role of senior nurse leaders in advancing organizational resources and support for communication between healthcare providers and carers that influences patient and carer outcomes during the transition from hospital to the community. A Think Tank (Lobchuk 2012) funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) gathered interdisciplinary and intersectoral stakeholders from local, national and international levels to develop a Family Carer Communication Research Collaboration...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639548/a-leadership-perspective-on-a-shared-vision-for-healthcare
#4
Tracy Kitch
Our country's recent negotiations for a new Health Accord have shone light on the importance of more accessible and better home care. The direction being taken on health funding investments has sent a strong message about healthcare system redesign. It is time to design a healthcare system that moves us away from a hospital-focused model to one that is more effective, integrated and sustainable and one that places a greater emphasis on primary care, community care and home care. The authors of the lead paper (Sharkey and Lefebre 2017) provide their vision for people-powered care and explore the opportunity for nursing leaders to draw upon the unique expertise and insights of home care nursing as a strategic lever to bring about real health system transformation across all settings...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635480/leadership-styles-in-nursing
#5
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are often asked to think about leadership, particularly in times of rapid change in healthcare, and where questions have been raised about whether leaders and managers have adequate insight into the requirements of care. This article discusses several leadership styles relevant to contemporary healthcare and nursing practice. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. Leadership knowledge and skills can be improved through training, where, rather than having to undertake formal leadership roles without adequate preparation, nurses are able to learn, nurture, model and develop effective leadership behaviours, ultimately improving nursing staff retention and enhancing the delivery of safe and effective care...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633657/patient-safety-culture-in-norwegian-nursing-homes
#6
Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik, Dag Hofoss, Bettina Sandgathe Husebø, Ellen Catharina Tveter Deilkås
BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture concerns leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines, awareness and practices that impinge on the risk of patient-adverse events. Due to their complex multiple diseases, nursing home patients are at particularly high risk of adverse events. Studies have found an association between patient safety culture and the risk of adverse events. This study aimed to investigate safety attitudes among healthcare providers in Norwegian nursing homes, using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Ambulatory Version (SAQ-AV)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620489/organizational-knowledge-and-capabilities-in-healthcare-deconstructing-and-integrating-diverse-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Jenna M Evans, Adalsteinn Brown, G Ross Baker
Diverse concepts and bodies of work exist in the academic literature to guide research and practice on organizational knowledge and capabilities. However, these concepts have largely developed in parallel with minimal cross-fertilization, particularly in the healthcare domain. This contributes to confusion regarding conceptual boundaries and relationships, and to a lack of application of potentially useful evidence. The aim of this article is to assess three concepts associated with organizational knowledge content-intellectual capital, organizational core competencies, and dynamic capabilities-and to propose an agenda for future research...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619782/what-stage-are-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-at-with-patient-safety-curriculum-implementation-and-what-are-the-barriers-to-implementation-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#8
Liane R Ginsburg, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Liam J Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: The improvement of safety in healthcare worldwide depends in part on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of staff providing care. Greater patient safety content in health professional education and training programmes has been advocated internationally. While WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guides (for Medical Schools and Multi-Professional Curricula) have been widely disseminated in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) over the last several years, little is known about patient safety curriculum implementation beyond high-income countries...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#9
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609217/influence-of-islamic-traditions-on-breastfeeding-beliefs-and-practices-among-african-american-muslims-in-west-philadelphia-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Camilia Kamoun, Diane Spatz
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the influence of religion on breastfeeding in African American communities. In particular, whether Islamic traditions influence breastfeeding beliefs and practices among African American Muslims has not been studied. Research aim: This study sought to gain understanding of breastfeeding attitudes, rates, and education among African American Muslims in West Philadelphia and to examine if engaging Islamic teachings in breastfeeding education can positively influence breastfeeding attitudes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589830/swift-response
#11
(no author information available yet)
Healthcare leaders have praised the 'swift and heroic' actions of NHS staff in response to the terror attack in London last week.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588998/significance-of-informal-on-the-job-learning-and-leadership-development-in-health-systems-lessons-from-a-district-finance-team-in-south-africa
#12
S Choonara, J Goudge, N Nxumalo, J Eyles
BACKGROUND: The district health system (DHS) has a critical role to play in the delivery of primary healthcare (PHC). Effective district management, particularly leadership is considered to be crucial element of the DHS. Internationally, the debate around developing leadership competencies such as motivation or empowerment of staff, managing relationships, being solution driven as well as fostering teamwork are argued to be possible through approaches such as formal and informal training...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582558/promed-mail-22-years-of-digital-surveillance-of-emerging-infectious-diseases
#13
Malwina Carrion, Lawrence C Madoff
ProMED-mail (ProMED) was launched in 1994 as an email service to identify unusual health events related to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and toxins affecting humans, animals and plants. It is used daily by public health leaders, government officials at all levels, physicians, veterinarians and other healthcare workers, researchers, private companies, journalists and the general public. Reports are produced and commentary provided by a global team of subject matter experts in a variety of fields including virology, parasitology, epidemiology, entomology, veterinary and plant disease specialists...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582445/human-resources-and-models-of-mental-healthcare-integration-into-primary-and-community-care-in-india-case-studies-of-72-programmes
#14
Nadja van Ginneken, Meera S Maheedhariah, Sarah Ghani, Jayashree Ramakrishna, Anusha Raja, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Given the scarcity of specialist mental healthcare in India, diverse community mental healthcare models have evolved. This study explores and compares Indian models of mental healthcare delivered by primary-level workers (PHW), and health workers' roles within these. We aim to describe current service delivery to identify feasible and acceptable models with potential for scaling up. METHODS: Seventy two programmes (governmental and non-governmental) across 12 states were visited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569385/engaging-indigenous-families-in-a-community-based-indigenous-early-childhood-programme-in-british-columbia-canada-a-cultural-safety-perspective
#15
Alison J Gerlach, Annette J Browne, Margo Greenwood
This article is part of a larger study that explored how an Indigenous early intervention programme in British Columbia (BC), Canada, known as the 'Aboriginal Infant Development Program' (AIDP), influenced family and children's health and well-being and was responsive to child health inequities. Postcolonial feminist and Indigenous feminist perspectives provided a critical analytical lens to this qualitative inquiry. The study was undertaken with AIDPs based in diverse community organisations located in off-reserve urban municipalities throughout the province of BC...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557238/an-integrated-review-of-the-correlation-between-critical-thinking-ability-and-clinical-decision-making-in-nursing
#16
REVIEW
Daphne S K Lee, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Pathmawathi Subramanian, Robert Thomas Bachmann, Swee Leong Ong
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore whether there is a correlation between critical thinking ability and clinical decision-making among nurses. BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is currently considered as an essential component of nurses' professional judgment and clinical decision-making. If confirmed, nursing curricula may be revised emphasizing on critical thinking with the expectation to improve clinical decision-making and thus better healthcare. DESIGN: Integrated literature review...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553610/diabetes-destiny-in-our-hands-achieving-metabolic-karma
#17
Sanjay Kalra, Jignesh Ved, Manash P Baruah
Karma is the ancient Indian philosophy of cause and effect, which implies that an individual's intentions, and actions, both have consequences. None can escape the consequences of one's actions. Applying the principle of karma to medicine and healthcare, the significance of optimal and timely interventions at various stages of disease, may be realized. A holistic approach to metabolic control in diabetes translates into improved clinical outcomes, as evident from the result of STENO-2, EMPA-REG OUTCOME, or LEADER trials...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546510/towards-high-reliability-organising-in-healthcare-a-strategy-for-building-organisational-capacity
#18
Hanan J Aboumatar, Sallie J Weaver, Dianne Rees, Michael A Rosen, Melinda D Sawyer, Peter J Pronovost
In a high-reliability organisation (HRO), safety and quality (SQ) is an organisational priority, and all workforce members are engaged, continuously learning and improving their work. To build organisational capacity for SQ work, we have developed a role-tailored capacity-building framework that we are currently employing at the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality as part of an organisational strategy towards HRO. This framework considers organisation-wide competencies for SQ that includes all staff and faculty and is integrated into a broader organisation-wide operating management system for improving quality...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544310/implementing-the-psychosocial-standards-in-pediatric-cancer-current-staffing-and-services-available
#19
Michele A Scialla, Kimberly S Canter, Fang Fang Chen, E Anders Kolb, Eric Sandler, Lori Wiener, Anne E Kazak
BACKGROUND: Fifteen evidence-based Standards for Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families (Standards) were published in 2015. The Standards cover a broad range of topics and circumstances and require qualified multidisciplinary staff to be implemented. This paper presents data on the availability of psychosocial staff and existing practices at pediatric oncology programs in the United States, providing data that can be used to advocate for expanded services and prepare for implementation of the Standards...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541430/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-prototype-consumer-reporting-system-for-patient-safety-events
#20
Saul N Weingart, Joel S Weissman, Karen P Zimmer, Robert C Giannini, Denise D Quigley, Lauren E Hunter, M Susan Ridgely, Eric C Schneider
Objective: No methodologically robust system exists for capturing consumer-generated patient safety reports. To address this challenge, we developed and pilot-tested a prototype consumer reporting system for patient safety, the Health Care Safety Hotline. Design: Mixed methods evaluation. Setting: The Hotline was implemented in two US healthcare systems from 1 February 2014 through 30 June 2015. Participants: Patients, family members and caregivers associated with two US healthcare systems...
May 24, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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