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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#1
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719403/passive-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-hearing-implants-a-systematic-review
#2
Timothy Cooper, Brendan McDonald, Allan Ho
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on currently available passive transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implants (pTCBI) with regard to complications, audiological outcomes, and quality-of-life scores. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: All identified English-language articles reporting on the implantation of currently available pTCBI's and their complications. Both pediatric and adult patients were included...
July 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719394/cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#3
Samantha McKinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children with congenital hearing loss are being identified earlier, leading to earlier intervention. Current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria states a child must be 12 months or older for cochlear implantation. The purpose of this article is to review recent publications regarding the benefits of implanting infants under 12 months of age. Topics include: safety and efficacy of surgery, speech and language acquisition outcomes, audiologic components, and limitations...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717060/clinical-data-analysis-of-genotypes-and-phenotypes-of-deafness-gene-mutations-in-newborns-a-retrospective-study
#4
Yating Du, Lihui Huang, Xueyao Wang, Qingjia Cui, Xiaohua Cheng, Liping Zhao, Tingting Ni
We retrospectively analyzed newborns with deafness gene mutations and summarized the relationship between genotype and phenotype to provide a basis for genetic counseling. We studied 582 subjects positive for deafness gene mutations that were treated in the otology outpatient department of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, between April 2012 and April 2016. The subjects were divided into 3 categories: a diagnosed group (group A), which was further subdivided into subgroups A1 (homozygous and compound heterozygous GJB2 mutations) and A2 (homozygous and compound heterozygous SLC26A4 mutations); a drug-induced deafness group (group B, mitochondrial (Mt) gene mutations); and a mutation carrier group (group C), which was further subdivided into the subgroups C1 (GJB2 heterozygous mutations), C2 (SLC26A4 heterozygous mutations), C3 (GJB3 heterozygous mutations), and C4 (double gene mutations)...
July 17, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715548/interprofessional-peer-assisted-learning-as-a-model-of-instruction-in-doctor-of-audiology-programs
#5
Yula C Serpanos, Deborah Senzer, Daryl M Gordon
Purpose: This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Method: Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708793/patulous-eustachian-tube-and-otitis-media-with-effusion-as-complications-after-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#6
Ryoukichi Ikeda, Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Masayuki Yoshida, Naohiro Yoshida, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Takeshi Oshima, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori
OBJECTIVES: To describe three patients of patulous Eustachian tube (pET) after trigeminal nerve injury and to demonstrate for the first time their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings to hypothesize the mechanism of the pET after trigeminal nerve injury. PATIENTS: Three patients presented with autophony after trigeminal nerve injury caused by the removal of intracranial tumors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical patient records, audiological data, and MRI...
July 13, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708444/counselling-users-of-hearing-technology-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#7
Alex Meibos, Karen Muñoz, Jared Schultz, Tanner Price, John J Whicker, Ana Caballero, Laurel Graham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to determine the scope of peer-reviewed empirical research related to counselling in audiology with patients using hearing technology and to identify limitations and gaps to guide recommendations for future research. DESIGN: A rapid evidence assessment was used to identify relevant articles for the review. STUDY SAMPLE: Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: (1) audiologist counselling perspectives, (2) counselling communication trends in practice and (3) audiologist experiences with professional training and reported patient outcomes...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704901/the-gaps-between-knowing-and-doing-in-hearing-aid-fitting-management
#8
Soo Hee Oh, Kyoungwon Lee, Junghak Lee
Evidence based practice has become an important aspect in many healthcare provisions to improve patient outcomes. Investigating the gaps between knowing and doing in audiology practice will provide future directions for successful service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore "know-do" gaps related to professional awareness and attitude in hearing aid fitting management (HAFM) by analyzing data of a questionnaire. It consisted of 22 questions focusing on 11 HAFM components. Each component had two sub-questions involving levels of the importance and practice for HAFM...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704900/examination-of-an-audiologist-s-response-to-patient-s-expression-of-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#9
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns, Vinaya Manchaiah, Orlando Hinojosa
This pilot study explores audiologist-patient interactions during initial evaluations or consultations. In particular, an audiologist's response to patient symptoms is examined. Conversations between audiologist and patients were recorded using a digital recorder, which were transcribed, and analyzed using the Codes for Human Analysis of Transcripts and Child Language Analysis computer programs. Mean length of turn and frequency of utterances related to explicit discussion or description of symptoms or the patient's interpretation of symptoms was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701413/a-directly-comparative-two-gate-case-control-diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-the-pure-tone-screen-and-hearcheck-screener-tests-for-identifying-hearing-impairment-in-school-children
#10
Obioha C Ukoumunne, Chris Hyde, Mara Ozolins, Zhivko Zhelev, Sam Errington, Rod S Taylor, Claire Benton, Joanne Moody, Laura Cocking, Julian Watson, Heather Fortnum
OBJECTIVES: This study directly compared the accuracy of two audiometry-based tests for screening school children for hearing impairment: the currently used test, pure tone screen and a device newly applied to children, HearCheck Screener. DESIGN: Two-gate case-control diagnostic test accuracy study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Hearing impaired children ('intended cases') aged 4-6 years were recruited between February 2013 and August 2014 from collaborating audiology services...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701055/perspectives-of-dutch-health-professionals-regarding-auditory-processing-disorders-a-focus-group-study
#11
Karin Neijenhuis, Ellen de Wit, Margreet Luinge
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perspectives of professionals from the Dutch audiological centres on the definition and care pathways of children with suspected auditory processing disorders (susAPD). DESIGN: focus group interviews. STUDY SAMPLE: In total, 45 professionals from 6 disciplines, representing 22 different audiological centres and one ambulatory service, participated in five parallel focus group interviews. Participants had a variety of experience in diagnosing and advising children with suspected APD...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697513/-prevalence-risk-factors-and-diagnostics-of-hearing-impairment-in-preterm-infants
#12
C Franck, W Vorwerk, A Köhn, A Rißmann, U Vorwerk
Introduction: The preterm birth is clearly associated with increased risk of developing congenital hearing impairment. Therefore, special attention must be paid to the postnatal control of auditory function in all preterm infants. The present work investigates if the latest scientific findings regarding prevalence, clinical diagnostics, therapy and risk factors of hearing impairment in premature infants are regularly implemented in daily practice. Methods: At the department of phoniatrics and pediatric audiology of the University Hospital of Magdeburg, the treatment data of 126 preterm children born between 2006 and 2011 were evaluated retrospectively...
June 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695770/nih-funding-within-otolaryngology-2005-2014
#13
Christen J Lennon, Jacob B Hunter, Akshitkumar M Mistry, Mana Espahbodi, Matthew Deasey, K J Niesner, Robert F Labadie
Objective Analyze grants awarded between 2005 and 2014 to otolaryngology departments that appear in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) RePORTER database, summarize characteristics of grant recipients associated with otolaryngology departments as listed in the RePORTER between 2005 and 2014, and identify trends in otolaryngology NIH funding between 2005 and 2014 by topic. Study Design Case series. Setting NIH database inquiry. Subjects Grant recipients. Methods The RePORTER was queried for all grants awarded to otolaryngology departments between 2005 and 2014...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692592/reduction-in-temporary-and-permanent-audiological-injury-through-internal-jugular-vein-compression-in-a-rodent-blast-injury-model
#14
Brian Sindelar, Michael Shinners, Sydney Sherman, Kristine Erickson, Vimal Patel, Paul Kubilis, John D Finan, Julian E Bailes
HYPOTHESIS: Internal jugular vein (IJV) compression influences not only intracranial but also intracochlear physiology and has demonstrated preclinical effectiveness in reducing acute audiological injury in a rodent blast model. However, the long-term effects in this model are unknown. BACKGROUND: Blast wave-induced audiological injury from an improvised explosive device is a leading cause of morbidity among service members in theater but there are limitations to the current protective measures...
July 7, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688563/a-novel-mutation-in-the-myo7a-gene-is-associated-with-usher-syndrome-type-1-in-a-chinese-family
#15
Xiaoguang He, Qi Peng, Siping Li, Pengyuan Zhu, Chunqiu Wu, Chunbao Rao, Jingqi Lin, Xiaomei Lu
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the genetic causes of hearing loss in a Chinese proband with autosomal recessive congenital deafness. METHODS: The targeted capture of 159 known deafness genes and next-generation sequencing were performed to study the genetic causes of hearing loss in the Chinese family. Sanger sequencing was employed to verify the variant mutations in members of this family. RESULTS: The proband harbored two mutations in the MYO7A gene in the form of compound heterozygosity...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688552/hearing-aids-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-do-children-use-them
#16
Richard Wei Chern Gan, Parisa Overton, Claire Benton, Matija Daniel
INTRODUCTION: ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them. METHOD: Retrospective study of children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70 children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688548/eeg-activity-as-an-objective-measure-of-cognitive-load-during-effortful-listening-a-study-on-pediatric-subjects-with-bilateral-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#17
Pasquale Marsella, Alessandro Scorpecci, Giulia Cartocci, Sara Giannantonio, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Ambra Brizi, Fabio Babiloni
OBJECTIVES: Deaf subjects with hearing aids or cochlear implants generally find it challenging to understand speech in noisy environments where a great deal of listening effort and cognitive load are invested. In prelingually deaf children, such difficulties may have detrimental consequences on the learning process and, later in life, on academic performance. Despite the importance of such a topic, currently, there is no validated test for the assessment of cognitive load during audiological tasks...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687817/etiologic-and-audiologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-pediatric-onset-unilateral-and-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#18
Pei-Hsuan Lin, Chuan-Jen Hsu, Yi-Hsin Lin, Yin-Hung Lin, Hui-Yu Lee, Chen-Chi Wu, Tien-Chen Liu
Importance: Pediatric-onset unilateral and asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common condition, but in most patients, the cause remains unclear; thus, determination of the hearing outlook is difficult. Objective: To analyze the etiologic and audiologic characteristics of pediatric-onset unilateral and asymmetric SNHL. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study performed from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2016, patients at a tertiary referral center who were diagnosed with pediatric-onset unilateral or asymmetric SNHL were divided into 3 groups according to their hearing levels: unilateral hearing loss with scaled-out levels (UHL-SO), unilateral hearing loss with residual hearing (UHL-RH), and asymmetric hearing loss (AHL)...
July 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682819/evaluation-and-management-of-nonsyndromic-congenital-hearing-loss
#19
Jamie L Funamura
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonsyndromic congenital hearing loss represents the largest proportion of paediatric sensorineural hearing loss. The optimal evaluation and management of affected patients remains clinically challenging. Current controversies in the diagnostic work-up of nonsyndromic congenital hearing loss are presented in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: The improved diagnostic yield of comprehensive genetic testing due to new sequencing technologies is changing the diagnostic for congenital hearing loss...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681609/cochlear-implantation-in-siblings-with-refsum-s-disease
#20
Kerstin Stähr, Alma Kuechler, Martin Gencik, Judith Arnolds, Meaghan Dendy, Stephan Lang, Diana Arweiler-Harbeck
OBJECTIVES: Whether the origin of severe hearing loss in Refsum's syndrome is caused by cochlear impairment or retrocochlear degeneration remains unclear. This case report aims to investigate hearing performance before and after cochlear implantation to shed light on this question. Also, identification of new mutations causing Refsum's syndrome would be helpful in generating additional means of diagnosis. METHODS: A family of 4 individuals was subjected to genetic testing...
August 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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