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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781705/early-hearing-detection-and-intervention-reflections-from-the-south-african-context
#1
Amisha Kanji
For researchers and clinicians in developing contexts like South Africa, the establishment of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programmes is something which we have strived to achieve. However, we need to ask the question as to whether we have attempted to view our ultimate goal of achieving mandated UNHS programmes from the perspective of the South African healthcare system as a whole. The current manuscript is aimed at providing an overview of audiological services within a broader context, with reflections from a South African perspective, and a suggestion to consider alternatives to UNHS, particularly in the South African public health care sector...
April 19, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#2
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781702/first-language-raters-opinions-when-validating-word-recordings-for-a-newly-developed-speech-reception-threshold-test
#3
Seema Panday, Harsha Kathard, Mershen Pillay, Wayne Wilson
 The purpose of this study was to consider the value of adding first-language speaker ratings to the process of validating word recordings for use in a new speech reception threshold (SRT) test in audiology. Previous studies had identified 28 word recordings as being suitable for use in a new SRT test. These word recordings had been shown to satisfy the linguistic criteria of familiarity, phonetic dissimilarity and tone, and the psychometric criterion of homogeneity of audibility. Objectives: The aim of the study was to consider the value of adding first-language speakers' ratings when validating word recordings for a new SRT test...
March 29, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779397/rehabilitation-for-disabling-hearing-loss-evaluating-the-need-relative-to-provision-of-hearing-aids-in-the-public-health-care-system
#4
Vera-Genevey Hlayisi, Lebogang Ramma
PURPOSE: To determine the demand relative to supply of hearing rehabilitation through hearing aids for those with disabling hearing loss in a public health care setting in South Africa. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional survey of medical records of all patients were seen at a public hospital (Polokwane Provincial Academic) during 2012-2014, was conducted. Audiological data from 3894 medical folders were accessed and reviewed; thereafter, results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776323/low-frequency-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-familial-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-type-5
#5
Aren Bezdjian, Hanneke Bruijnzeel, Julia Pagel, Sam J Daniel, Hans G X M Thomeer
INTRODUCTION: Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is an autosomal recessive disease affecting the cytotoxic pathway. Due to the recent advances in molecular diagnosis, immuno-chemo therapy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation treatment, FHL survival rates have drastically increased. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we describe a case of FHL type 5 presenting with low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss. Alongside our reported case, 6 additional patients were identified in the literature...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770223/profound-hearing-loss-following-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-with-posterior-fossa-low-grade-glioma
#6
Yahya Ghazwani, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Johnnie K Bass, Shengjie Wu, Jason Chiang, Frederick Boop, Amar Gajjar, Zsila Sadighi
Background: Hearing loss may occur in patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma who undergo surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 217 patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma, including 115 for whom results of hearing tests performed after surgery and before chemotherapy or radiation therapy were available. We explored the association of UHL with age at diagnosis, sex, race, tumor location, extent of resection, posterior fossa syndrome, ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, and histology...
May 2018: Neuro-oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768430/a-qualitative-study-of-implementation-and-adaptations-to-progressive-tinnitus-management-ptm-delivery
#7
Anaïs Tuepker, Christine Elnitsky, Summer Newell, Tara Zaugg, James A Henry
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a common condition, especially prevalent among military Veterans. Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) is an interdisciplinary, structured, stepped-care approach to providing clinical services, including teaching coping skills, to people bothered by tinnitus. PTM has been shown to be effective at reducing functional distress, but implementation of the intervention outside of a research setting has not been studied, even though dissemination is underway within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system in the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761140/hearing-impairment-among-children-referred-to-a-public-audiology-clinic-in-gaborone-botswana
#8
Francis M Banda, Kathleen M Powis, Agnes B Mokoka, Moalosi Mmapetla, Katherine D Westmoreland, Thuso David, Andrew P Steenhoff
Objective . To describe and quantify hearing impairment among children referred to the audiology clinic in Princess Marina Hospital, a public referral hospital in Botswana. Methods . In a retrospective case series, we reviewed medical records of children aged 10 years and younger whose hearing was assessed between January 2006 and December 2015 at the audiology clinic of Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Results . Of 622 children, 50% were male, and median age was 6.7 years (interquartile range = 5...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761033/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-congenital-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#9
Divya A Chari, Dylan K Chan
Purpose of Review: The aim of this report is to review current literature regarding the work-up and management of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Recent Findings: Diagnostic evaluation of a newborn with sensorineural hearing loss begins with a complete audiologic evaluation and comprehensive history and physical exam. This review presents a diagnostic algorithm for the work-up of congenital hearing loss, focusing on the three following modalities: cytomegalovirus testing, genetic evaluation, and imaging...
December 2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753496/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-managing-neonatal-middle-ear-effusions-in-babies-who-fail-newborn-hearing-screening
#10
Brittany C Weber, Scott M Whitlock, Kaidi He, Blake S Kimbrell, Craig S Derkay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS. METHODS: 85 infants with suspected middle ear pathology were retrospectively reviewed after referral for failed NBHS. All subjects underwent a diagnostic microscopic exam with myringotomy with or without placement of a ventilation tube in the presence of a middle ear effusion and had intra-operative auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing or testing at a later date...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748705/hearing-loss-in-phace-syndrome-clinical-and-radiologic-findings
#11
Mark D Mamlouk, Bree Zimmerman, Erin F Mathes, Kristina W Rosbe
PURPOSE: To characterize the types of hearing loss, auditory-related imaging findings, and hemangioma characteristics in patients with Posterior fossa malformations, Hemangiomas, Arterial anomalies, Cardiac defects, and abnormalities of the Eye (PHACE) syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective medical records, audiologic data, and imaging review of all patients presenting to a tertiary care children's hospital with a proven diagnosis of PHACE syndrome from 2005 to 2016. RESULTS: Twelve patients were identified with hearing and imaging data...
May 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748451/assessment-of-short-term-functional-voice-therapy-in-patients-with-unilateral-paralysis-of-the-larynx
#12
Paulina Krasnodębska, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej, Agata Szkiełkowska, Aleksandra Panasiewicz, Marzena Mularzuk, Dorota Sokołowska-Łazar, Karina Wilhelmsen
Introduction Laryngeal paralysis deteriorates all laryngeal functions. Therefore the therapeutic process must include restoration of respiratory, defensive and vocal function. Selection of a proper rehabilitation path plays a key role. Appropriate research protocol that includes objective methods of voice evaluation is an important element of monitoring the return of vocal efficiency. Voice efficiency is important for the patient particularly due to psychological and social reasons. Aim The aim of the study was the assessment of short-term functional voice therapy (FVT) in patients with unilateral paralysis of the larynx with the usage of objective parameters describing the glottis and voice quality...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742543/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-new-scale-to-measure-hyperacusis-introducing-the-inventory-of-hyperacusis-symptoms
#13
Benjamin Greenberg, Megan Carlos
OBJECTIVES: Despite increasing interest in hyperacusis and other disorders of auditory sensitivity, there is still a lack of valid, standardized assessment tools to measure symptom severity, treatment outcomes, and diagnostic differentiation. Accordingly, this study sought to create a new scale that is reliable, valid, brief, and easy to score with the purpose of filling this gap. DESIGN: Original items were constructed through review of currently existing models of hyperacusis measurement, as well as qualitative data collected from professional audiologists and individuals reporting heightened audiological sensitivity with tinnitus...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741433/familial-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-with-incomplete-partition-type-ii-caused-by-novel-dspp-gene-mutations
#14
Wan-Xin Li, Hong Peng, Le Yang, Qing-Qing Hao, Wei Sun, Fei Ji, Wei-Wei Guo, Shi-Ming Yang
BACKGROUND: Familial nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) with incomplete partition type II (IP-II) is a very rare condition. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the audiological feature, inheritance patterns and genetic etiology of familial NSHL with IP-II in a Chinese family with eight family members. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data were collected from all eight family members, selected deafness genes were sequenced in proband and whole genome sequencing of seven family members was performed...
May 9, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741407/the-development-of-a-decision-aid-for-tinnitus
#15
Helen Pryce, Marie-Anne Durand, Amanda Hall, Rachel Shaw, Beth-Anne Culhane, Sarah Swift, Jean Straus, Elizabeth Marks, Melanie Ward, Katie Chilvers
OBJECTIVE: To develop a decision aid for tinnitus care that would meet international consensus for decision aid quality. DESIGN: A mixed methods design that included qualitative in-depth interviews, literature review, focus groups, user testing and readability checking. STUDY SAMPLE: Patients and clinicians who have clinical experience of tinnitus. RESULTS: A decision aid for tinnitus care was developed. This incorporates key evidence of efficacy for the most frequently used tinnitus care options, together with information derived from patient priorities when deciding which choice to make...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741293/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-results-of-a-four-fenestration-technique-in-twenty-one-adults
#16
Raquel Nogueira, Benjamin Verillaud, Charlotte Hautefort, Domitille Fiaux-Camous, Romain Kania, Philippe Herman
Superior canal semicircular dehiscence (SCCD) may cause vestibular and audiological symptoms that are sometimes debilitating. Computed tomography (CT) and the vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test are essential for the diagnosis of SCCD. Various surgical techniques have been developed to manage SCCD but have many associated complications. Our technique uses an approach that otologists and surgeons are highly familiar with and that has other advantages, such as minimizing surgical trauma and preventing recurrences...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739340/mutation-analysis-of-slc26a4-pendrin-gene-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-hearing-impaired-subjects
#17
Renata Watanabe Nonose, Karina Lezirovitz, Maria Teresa Balester de Mello Auricchio, Ana Carla Batissoco, Guilherme Lopes Yamamoto, Regina Célia Mingroni-Netto
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the SLC26A4 gene are associated with Pendred syndrome and autosomal recessive non-syndromic deafness (DFNB4). Both disorders have similar audiologic characteristics: bilateral hearing loss, often severe or profound, which may be associated with abnormalities of the inner ear, such as dilatation of the vestibular aqueduct or Mondini dysplasia. But, in Pendred syndrome (OMIM #274600), with autosomal recessive inheritance, besides congenital sensorineural deafness, goiter or thyroid dysfunctions are frequently present...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738386/prevalence-of-extracochlear-electrodes-computerized-tomography-scans-cochlear-implant-maps-and-operative-reports
#18
Jourdan T Holder, David M Kessler, Jack H Noble, René H Gifford, Robert F Labadie
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare the number of cochlear implant (CI) electrodes found to be extracochlear on postoperative computerized tomography (CT) scans, the number of basal electrodes deactivated during standard CI mapping (without knowledge of the postoperative CT scan), and the extent of electrode insertion noted by the surgeon. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Academic Medical Center. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-two patients underwent standard cochlear implantation and postoperative temporal bone CT scanning...
June 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734694/hearing-loss-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-treated-with-radiotherapy
#19
Amber Khan, Amy Budnick, Dana Barnea, Darren R Feldman, Kevin C Oeffinger, Emily S Tonorezos
The ototoxic effects of radiotherapy have been poorly characterized. We examined adult survivors of childhood cancer who were treated with radiotherapy, which included the head, before the age of 22 years and between 1952 and 2016. Those who received platinum chemotherapy were excluded. Demographic, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes were captured. Audiograms were graded using the Chang and International Society of Paediatric Oncology ototoxicity (SIOP) scales. Among 276 patients with a history of radiation to sites that included the brain, orbit, nasopharynx, and total body irradiation, the median age at treatment was 10...
May 4, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734179/the-effectiveness-of-parental-questionnaires-in-the-assessment-of-speech-language-and-auditory-function-in-children
#20
Renee Fabus, Abbey L Berg, Yula C Serpanos, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of a parental questionnaire to determine its effectiveness as a screening tool in identifying speech-language and/or auditory impairments in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Parents completed speech-language (n = 36) or audiology (n = 23) questionnaires prior to their child's speech-language and/or auditory evaluations. The speech-language and audiology evaluations were conducted by clinicians at three different universities not familiar with the administration and scoring of the parental questionnaires...
May 7, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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