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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331307/risk-factors-of-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-unilateral-safe-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#1
Abd Elrheem Ahmed Singer, Osama G Abdel-Naby Awad, Rafeek Mohamed Abd El-Kader, Ahmed Rabeh Mohamed
PURPOSE: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is the major cause of hearing impairment, especially conductive hearing loss. Few patients also had sensorineural component, the sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in CSOM is controversial, especially for safe mucosal type. This study aims to assess the relationship between the frequency of SNHL development in patients with safe mucosal CSOM and its relation to patient's age, sex, duration of disease, size of perforation and different audiological findings...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327687/effect-of-speechreading-in-presbycusis-do-we-have-a-third-ear
#2
Luis Roque Reis, Pedro Escada
INTRODUCTION: Evidence regarding the effect of speechreading is lacking in age-related hearing loss (presbycusis). Thus, in individuals with presbycusis, this study determined whether speechreading would improve word intelligibility. Moreover, the study investigated the effect of speechreading on word intelligibility depending on hearing impairment severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study involved two groups of individuals aged > 65 years that were enrolled by convenience sampling: 29 individuals with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss compatible with presbycusis (n=58 ears; mean age, 74...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315190/audiological-outcomes-in-growing-vestibular-schwannomas-managed-either-conservatively-or-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#3
Thomas Daniel Milner, Richard R Locke, Georgios Kontorinis, John A Crowther
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested good hearing preservation following stereotactic radiosurgery (STRS) in patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS). This study aims to assess audiological outcomes in patients with growing VS treated either with STRS, or managed conservatively. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Out of 540 patients with VS, 69 patients with growing VS fulfilled the inclusion criteria; 24 treated conservatively and 45 with STRS...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315183/middle-fossa-approach-for-cochlear-implantation
#4
Wojciech Gawęcki, Michał Karlik, Łukasz Borucki, Maciej Wróbel, Olgierd Maciej Stieler, Witold Szyfter
OBJECTIVE: To present qualification criteria, surgery, and results of cochlear implantation via the middle fossa approach. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of medical charts of patients. SETTING: Cochlear implant program in academic medical center. PATIENTS: Six adults after middle ear surgery due to chronic otitis media with bilateral deafness or profound hearing loss. INTERVENTION: Analysis aimed to identify patients qualified for cochlear implantation via middle fossa approach and to present surgery and result...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315182/enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-and-cochlear-implants-the-effect-of-early-counseling-on-the-length-of-time-between-candidacy-and-implantation
#5
Katlyn Bostic, Rebecca M Lewis, Brianna Chai, Juliana L Manganella, Devon L Barrett, Kosuke Kawai, Margaret A Kenna, Derek J Stiles, Terrell Clark
OBJECTIVE: To determine if discussing cochlear implantation (CI) with patients with enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA) and their families before reaching audiological criteria for CI candidacy effects the length of time between reaching audiological candidacy and CI surgery, and to describe the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) results and communication modality in this sample. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients (25 females) with confirmed EVA and cochlear implants...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309699/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-on-otologic-and-audiologic-screening-for-patients-with-vestibular-schwannomas
#6
Alex D Sweeney, Matthew L Carlson, Neil T Shepard, D Jay McCracken, Esther X Vivas, Brian A Neff, Jeffrey J Olson
QUESTION 1: What is the expected diagnostic yield for vestibular schwannomas when using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate patients with previously published definitions of asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss? TARGET POPULATION: These recommendations apply to adults with an asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss on audiometric testing. RECOMMENDATION: Level 3: On the basis of an audiogram, it is recommended that MRI screening on patients with ≥10 decibels (dB) of interaural difference at 2 or more contiguous frequencies or ≥15 dB at 1 frequency be pursued to minimize the incidence of undiagnosed vestibular schwannomas...
December 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309023/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-approaches-to-auditory-rehabilitation-for-blast-exposed-veterans-with-normal-or-near-normal-hearing-who-report-hearing-problems-in-difficult-listening-situations
#7
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, Michelle L Arnold, ShienPei C Silverman, Theresa H Chisolm, Paula J Myers
BACKGROUND: Blast exposure is a major source of injury among Service members in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. Many of these blast-exposed veterans report hearing-related problems such as difficulties understanding speech in noise and rapid speech, and following instructions and long conversations that are disproportionate to their measured peripheral hearing sensitivity. Evidence is mounting that these complaints result from damage to the central auditory processing system. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of audiological rehabilitative interventions for blast-exposed veterans with normal or near-normal peripheral hearing and functional hearing difficulties...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306226/does-fibromyalgia-have-an-effect-on-hearing-loss-in-women
#8
Zeliha Kapusuz Gencer, Özlem Balbaloğlu, Mahmut Özkırış, Levent Saydam
Background/aim: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may have several neuroendocrine dysfunctions, resulting in a hypervigilant sensory output that may be responsible for sensorineural complaints. In this study, we evaluated the audiological findings of a cohort of female fibromyalgia patients. Materials and methods: Between 1 September 2012 and 1 June 2013, 35 female FM patients, followed by the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, were recruited for the study. The patients were referred to the Department of Otolaryngology for routine otolaryngological and audiological evaluations...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305691/the-capos-mutation-in-atp1a3-alters-na-k-atpase-function-and-results-in-auditory-neuropathy-which-has-implications-for-management
#9
Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Nicola Strenzke, Sture Lindholm, Nanna D Rendtorff, Hanne Poulsen, Himanshu Khandelia, Wojciech Kopec, Troels J Brünnich Lyngbye, Christian Hamel, Cecile Delettre, Beatrice Bocquet, Michael Bille, Hanne H Owen, Toke Bek, Hanne Jensen, Karen Østergaard, Claes Möller, Linda Luxon, Lucinda Carr, Louise Wilson, Kaukab Rajput, Tony Sirimanna, Katherine Harrop-Griffiths, Shamima Rahman, Barbara Vona, Julia Doll, Thomas Haaf, Oliver Bartsch, Hendrik Rosewich, Tobias Moser, Maria Bitner-Glindzicz
Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing impairment (CAPOS) is a rare clinically distinct syndrome caused by a single dominant missense mutation, c.2452G>A, p.Glu818Lys, in ATP1A3, encoding the neuron-specific alpha subunit of the Na+/K+-ATPase α3. Allelic mutations cause the neurological diseases rapid dystonia Parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood, disorders which do not encompass hearing or visual impairment. We present detailed clinical phenotypic information in 18 genetically confirmed patients from 11 families (10 previously unreported) from Denmark, Sweden, UK and Germany indicating a specific type of hearing impairment-auditory neuropathy (AN)...
January 5, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304553/hearing-impairment-and-hearing-aid-usage-in-singapore
#10
Eu Chin Ho, HanYu Zhang, Warren Ming Wu Ong, KeXin Li, Yen Tze Eileen Bei, Satya Vijay Reddy Medapati, Aruni Seneviratna
OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiological and audiological profile, pattern of hearing aid (HA) fitting and usage among HA users in Singapore. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. STUDY SAMPLE: Cohort of 1068 subjects issued with HAs at a tertiary hospital between 2001 and 2013. RESULTS: Mean age was 70 years with 50.8% male. Mean hearing loss (HL) was 63.1 dB and 69.5% had at least moderate-severe HL. Sensorineural HL was present in 66...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299970/inconsistent-device-use-in-pediatric-cochlear-implant-users-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#11
Kathryn B Wiseman, Andrea D Warner-Czyz
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CIs) afford an opportunity for children with a significant hearing loss to access spoken language through auditory input, but challenges post-implantation could impede success. Inconsistent device use occurs when a child wears their device less than full-time (<8 hours per day). Previous studies may underestimate the prevalence of inconsistent device use in pediatric CI users due to methodological issues (subjective parent report vs. objective measures)...
January 4, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287890/a-novel-pathogenic-variant-c-975g-a-p-trp325-in-the-pou3f4-gene-in-yakut-family-eastern-siberia-russia-with-the-x-linked-deafness-2-dfnx2
#12
Nikolay A Barashkov, Leonid A Klarov, Fedor M Teryutin, Aisen V Solovyev, Vera G Pshennikova, Edilia E Konnikova, Georgii P Romanov, Alexander V Tobokhov, Igor V Morozov, Alexander A Bondar, Olga L Posukh, Lilya U Dzhemileva, Mikhail I Tomsky, Elza K Khusnutdinova, Sardana A Fedorova
Here, we report a novel hemizygous transition c.975G>A (p.Trp325*) in POU3F4 gene (Xq21) found in two deaf half-brothers from one Yakut family (Eastern Siberia, Russia) with identical inner ear abnormalities ("corkscrew" cochlea with an absence of modiolus) specific to X-linked deafness-2 (DFNX2). Comprehensive clinical evaluation (CT and MR-imaging, audiological and stabilometric examinations) of available members of this family revealed both already known (mixed progressive hearing loss) and additional (enlargement of semicircular canals and postural disorders) clinical DFNX2 features in affected males with c...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287889/a-novel-mutation-of-the-eya4-gene-associated-with-post-lingual-hearing-loss-in-a-proband-is-co-segregating-with-a-novel-pax3-mutation-in-two-congenitally-deaf-family-members
#13
Federica Cesca, Elisa Bettella, Roberta Polli, Elona Cama, Pietro Scimemi, Rosamaria Santarelli, Alessandra Murgia
OBJECTIVES: This work was aimed at establishing the molecular etiology of hearing loss in a 9-year old girl with post-lingual non-syndromic mild sensorineural hearing loss with a complex family history of clinically heterogeneous deafness. METHODS: The proband's DNA was subjected to NGS analysis of a 59-targeted gene panel, with the use of the Ion Torrent PGM platform. Conventional Sanger sequencing was used for segregation analysis in all the affected relatives...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287861/bilateral-cochlear-implantation-or-bimodal-listening-in-the-paediatric-population-retrospective-analysis-of-decisive-criteria
#14
Cleo M C Dhondt, Freya K R Swinnen, Ingeborg J M Dhooge
INTRODUCTION: In children with bilateral severe to profound hearing loss, bilateral hearing can be achieved by either bimodal stimulation (CIHA) or bilateral cochlear implantation (BICI). The aim of this study was to analyse the audiologic test protocol that is currently applied to make decisions regarding the bilateral hearing modality in the paediatric population. METHODS: Pre- and postoperative audiologic test results of 21 CIHA, 19 sequential BICI and 12 simultaneous BICI children were examined retrospectively...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287849/a-novel-variant-in-the-cdh23-gene-is-associated-with-non-syndromic-hearing-loss-in-a-chinese-family
#15
Yuan Liang, Kangwei Wang, Qi Peng, Pengyuan Zhu, Chunqiu Wu, Chunbao Rao, Jiang Chang, Siping Li, Xiaomei Lu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the pathogenic causes of a proband who was diagnosed with non-syndromic hearing loss. METHODS: We performed targeted capture of 159 known deafness-related genes and next-generation sequencing in the proband who was tested negative for the twenty hotspot variants in four common deafness-related genes(GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4 and MTRNR1); Clinical reassessments, including detailed audiological and ocular examinations were performed in the proband and his normal parents...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287037/correlations-between-the-degree-of-endolymphatic-hydrops-and-symptoms-and-audiological-test-results-in-patients-with-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-reevaluation
#16
Shiyin Yang, Huaming Zhu, Bijun Zhu, Hui Wang, Zhengnong Chen, Yaqin Wu, Bin Chen, Haibo Shi, Yuehua Li, Jing Zou, Shankai Yin
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to reevaluate the diagnostic significance of clinically well-accepted audiological tests in indicating endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in Menière's disease (MD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTINGS: Hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty patients (52 affected ears) diagnosed with MD were enrolled. INTERVENTION: Diagnostic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: To analyze the correlations between endolymphatic hydrops and results of audiological test including the pure-tone audiometry threshold, suprathreshold function tests, electrocochleogram, and glycerol test...
December 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283914/cochlear-implantation-after-partial-or-subtotal-cochleoectomy-for-intracochlear-schwannoma-removal-a-technical-report
#17
Stefan K Plontke, Sabrina Kösling, Torsten Rahne
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique for surgical tumor removal, cochlear implant (CI) electrode placement and reconstruction of the surgical defect in patients with intracochlear schwannomas. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Ten patients (five men, five women, mean age 48 ± 12 yr) with profound or severe to profound hearing loss due to intralabyrinthine schwannomas with intracochlear location...
December 27, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279727/current-audiological-diagnostics
#18
REVIEW
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a variety of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279725/tympanoplasty-news-and-new-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Marcus Neudert, Thomas Zahnert
Techniques and biomaterials for reconstructive middle ear surgery are continuously and steadily developing. At the same time, clinical post-surgery results are evaluated to determine success or failure of the therapy. Routine quality assessment and assurance is of growing importance in the medical field, and therefore also in middle ear surgery. The exact definition and acquisition of outcome parameters is essential for both a comprehensive and detailed quality assurance. These parameters are not the audiological results alone, but also additional individual parameters, which influence the postoperative outcome after tympanoplasty...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276851/clinical-trials-ototoxicity-grading-scales-and-the-audiologist-s-role-in-therapeutic-decision-making
#20
Kelly A King, Carmen C Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Define clinical trials and adverse event (AE) monitoring from the perspective of the audiologist. Rationalise the importance of audiology's involvement before, during and after monitoring. Identify strengths and weaknesses in toxicity grading scales, and discuss factors that may influence these. DESIGN: Literature involving commonly cited grading scales used to capture ototoxicity is reviewed. Current regulations and language associated with clinical trial implementation and AE monitoring are described...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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