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Stefanie Günther, Uwe Baumann, Timo Stöver
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of a shortened delay time between surgical placement of the cochlear implant (CI) device and processor activation to less than 8 days (early CI fitting). Assessment of benefits and limits of early fitting in terms of medical, technical, audiological, and subjective outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty-one patients scheduled for cochlear implant surgery divided into early fit (EF, n = 21) and control group (CG, n = 19)...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Robert J Yawn, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert T Dwyer, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Susan Reynolds, David S Haynes, René H Gifford
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate performance and quality of life changes after sequential bilateral cochlear implantation in patients with preoperative residual hearing functioning in a bimodal hearing configuration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using within-subjects repeated measures design. SETTING: Tertiary otologic center. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who used bimodal hearing before second cochlear implant (CI) meeting the following criteria: 1) preoperative residual hearing (≤80 dB HL at 250 Hz) in the ear to be implanted, 2) implantation with current CI technology (2013-2016), 3) consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) speech recognition testing in the bimodal condition preoperatively and bilateral CI condition postoperatively...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Doh Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed available literature to evaluate the success rate of fat myringoplasty compared with methods using other graft materials and suggests proper indications for this procedure. DATA SOURCES: Studies reporting the success rate of fat myringoplasty were systematically reviewed by searching the MEDLINE, PubMed, and Embase databases for studies published from database inception to 2017. STUDY SELECTION: The following terms were used for the literature search: ("Fat" OR "Adipose") and ("Myringoplasty" OR "Tympanoplasty")...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Sébastien Santurette, Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Ture Andersen, Torben Poulsen, Torsten Dau
Our auditory environment is constantly changing and evolving over time, requiring us to rapidly adapt to a complex dynamic sensory input. This adaptive ability of our auditory system can be observed at different levels, from individual cell responses to complex neural mechanisms and behavior, and is essential to achieve successful speech communication, correct orientation in our full environment, and eventually survival. These adaptive processes may differ in individuals with hearing loss, whose auditory system may cope via "readapting" itself over a longer time scale to the changes in sensory input induced by hearing impairment and the compensation provided by hearing devices...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
K Kshithi, S Vijendra Shenoy, M Panduranga Kamath, Suja Sreedharan, N Manisha, Meera N Khadilkar, Vikranth Kamboj, Jayashree S Bhat
OBJECTIVES: To compare the audiological profiles in postmenopausal women with and without osteoporosis and to study the pattern of hearing loss in osteoporotic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 80 postmenopausal women were evaluated at a tertiary referral center and were divided into normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic based on BMD results. The hearing evaluation was done using PTA, Impedance audiometry and DPOAE and the results were compared between the groups and analyzed...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Wawrzyniec Loba, Marta Worona, Artur Matthews-Brzozowski
A review of numerous case reports was made, in order to demonstrate the possibilities for treatment of dental disorders in patients with Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). In this paper, our own report, including a diagnosis of the effect on the auditory system, is presented. In addition to the triad of CCD symptoms that include hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, impacted and supernumerary teeth, delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, impairment of the hearing system resulting in conductive hearing loss also occurs...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Elaine C Thompson, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Trent Nicol, Cynthia R LaBella, Nina Kraus
OBJECTIVE: Concussions can result in auditory processing deficits even in the absence of hearing loss. In children and adolescents, the extent to which these impairments have functional consequences for everyday listening, such as the ability to understand speech in noisy environments, is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty youth comprised the participants: 20 had sustained a concussion and were recovering from their injury, and 20 controls had sustained non-concussive orthopaedic (e...
March 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Badi Aldosari, Jean-Marc Thomassin
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure, and present our hearing results. We classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and type of lesion. We demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to reestablish ossicular continuity...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Günay Kırkım, Başak Mutlu, Yüksel Olgun, Tural Tanriverdizade, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Enis Alpin Güneri, Gülden Akdal
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the auditory findings in vestibular migraine (VM) and migraine patients without a history of vertigo. Methods: This study was conducted on 44 patients diagnosed with definite VM and 31 patients diagnosed with migraine who were followed and treated between January 2011 and February 2015. Also, 52 healthy subjects were included in this study as a control group. All participants underwent a detailed otorhinolaryngological examination followed by audiological evaluation, including pure tone audiometry, speech reception threshold, speech recognition score, and acoustic immitancemetry...
December 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Kelli Cristina do Prado Côrrea, Maria Aparecida Miranda de Paula Machado, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
PURPOSE: Examine a set of competencies in children beginning the process of literacy and find whether there is positive correlation with their level of writing. METHODS: Study conducted with 70 six-year-old students enrolled in the first year of Elementary School in municipal schools. The children were submitted to the Initial Reading and Writing Competence Assessment Battery (BACLE) and the Diagnostic Probing Protocol for classification of their level of writing...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Bong Jik Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Moo Kyun Park, Jun Ho Lee, Seung-Ha Oh, Myung-Whan Suh
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility of endoscopy in exposing the anterior surface of the malleus and tensor tympani tendon (ASMT) in children with congenital cholesteatoma (CC), and investigated the outcomes of hearing, postoperative complications, and residual or recurrent disease in endoscopic surgical approach cases. METHODS: A retrospective case review was performed in one tertiary referral center. Twelve children with CC involving the ASMT were recruited, and their medical records were reviewed...
March 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Harriet Smith, Adele Horobin, Kathryn Fackrell, Veronica Colley, Brian Thacker, Deborah A Hall
Plain English summary: Outcome domains are aspects of a condition that matter to patients and clinicians and can be measured to assess treatment effects. For tinnitus, examples include 'tinnitus loudness' and 'ability to concentrate'. This study focuses on the first stage of agreeing which outcome domains should be measured in all clinical trials of tinnitus. Crucially, it involves identifying outcome domains, prior to a voting process. This article describes how we effectively involved patients in that study design process, and reflects on the impact of their input...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
Theresa Pitt-Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral cohorts from School Entry Screening, Hearing (SHS) and Vision Screening (SVS) before and after documented changes. To compare referrals to pre-school specialists with subsequent group SHS outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized cohort, audit analysis of Community Nursing Developmental and SES records (CHRs), plus Audiology file review for SHS referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Six hundred and sixty-eight mainstream pupils' CHRs were analysed in four birth cohorts, post-SES, using coded anonymized records...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Maurizio Guida, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence, demographics, surgical, and radiological correlates of incomplete and false tract electrode array insertions during cochlear implantation (CI). To evaluate outcomes in patients with incomplete electrode insertion (IEI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Otology and skull base center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of 18 patients (19 ears) with incomplete or false tract insertions of the electrode array were evaluated who underwent CI, with at least 1 year follow-up (from 470 cases)...
March 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Apoorva T Ramaswamy, Lawrence R Lustig
This article is an overview of the care of patients requiring revision surgery for otosclerosis. Preoperative evaluation of the patient including surgical history, audiologic results, and physical findings is discussed, and the causes of failure of primary surgery are reviewed. A discussion of evidence-based surgical technique and postoperative care then follows.
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Shibani Myne, Veronica Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: Hyperacusis is commonly seen in clinical paediatric practice and can be distressing for the children and their families. This paper looks at the clinical profile of children seen for hyperacusis in a paediatric audiology service and reviews the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Retrospective study of case notes of 61 children with troublesome hyperacusis seen in the paediatric audiology service, looking at their clinical presentation and presence of other medical conditions...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jeyanthi Kulasegarah, Helen Burgess, Michel Neeff, Colin R S Brown
INTRODUCTION: To compare the audiological results of Bone Conduction Hearing Aid (BCHA) on hard test band and Bonebridge (BB) implant among children with microtia and atresia. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with microtia and atresia who underwent BB implant insertion from September 2014 to February 2017 in Starship Children's Hospital. Preoperative audiological testing using a powered BCHA (Oticon Medical Ponto Pro Power) on a hard test band was used to compare post-operative hearing assessments with the BB...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Niall A M Klyn, Samantha Kleindienst Robler, Razan Alfakir, Donald W Nielsen, James W Griffith, Deborah L Carlson, Larry Lundy, Sumitrajit Dhar, David A Zapala
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of two red flag protocols in detecting ear diseases associated with changes in hearing. DESIGN: The presence of red-flag symptoms was determined in a chart review of 307 adult patients from the Mayo Clinic Florida Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and Audiology. Participants formed a convenience sample recruited for a separate study. Neurotologist diagnosis was the criterion for comparisons...
March 1, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Maria Stella Arantes do Amaral, Ana Cláudia Mirândola B Reis, Eduardo T Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
INTRODUCTION: The surgery during which the cochlear implant internal device is implanted is not entirely free of risks and may produce problems that will require revision surgeries. OBJECTIVE: To verify the indications for cochlear implantation revision surgery for the cochlear implant internal device, its effectiveness and its correlation with certain variables related to language and hearing. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients under 18 years submitted to cochlear implant Surgery from 2004 to 2015 in a public hospital in Brazil...
February 16, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ewa Zamysłowska-Szmytke, Sylwia Szostek-Rogula, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Balance assessment relies on symptoms, clinical examination and functional assessment and their verification in objective tests. Our study was aimed at calculating the assessment compatibility between questionnaires, functional scales and objective vestibular and balance examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 131 patients (including 101 women; mean age: 59±14 years) of the audiology outpatient clinic was examined. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, phobic vertigo and central dizziness were the most common diseases observed in the study group...
February 28, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
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