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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938330/temporal-scalp-thickness-body-mass-index-and-suprafascial-placement-of-receiver-coil-of-the-cochlear-implant
#1
Orhan Ozturan, Alper Yenigun, Erol Senturk, Omer Faruk Calim, Fadlullah Aksoy, Sabri Baki Eren
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to demonstrate the relationship between the thickness of the temporal scalp and body mass index (BMI), age, and sex, and to present the surgical technique which we perform in patients with a thick scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. This study was performed in a tertiary referral center. Cranial computed tomography images of 469 subjects were included in the study. These subjects were evaluated according to BMI, age, and sex...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938230/outcomes-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-disease-following-maternal-primary-and-non-primary-infection
#2
Antonietta Giannattasio, Pasquale Di Costanzo, Arianna De Matteis, Paola Milite, Daniela De Martino, Laura Bucci, Maria Rosaria Augurio, Carmela Bravaccio, Teresa Ferrara, Letizia Capasso, Francesco Raimondi
BACKGROUND: Natural history and long term prognosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease according to maternal primary versus non-primary infection are not clearly documented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging features at onset and long term outcome of congenitally CMV-infected patients born to mothers with non-primary infection compared with a group of patients born to mothers with primary infection. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive neonates born from 2002 to 2015 were considered eligible for the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929903/predictors-of-hearing-aid-outcomes
#3
Enrique A Lopez-Poveda, Peter T Johannesen, Patricia Pérez-González, José L Blanco, Sridhar Kalluri, Brent Edwards
Over 360 million people worldwide suffer from disabling hearing loss. Most of them can be treated with hearing aids. Unfortunately, performance with hearing aids and the benefit obtained from using them vary widely across users. Here, we investigate the reasons for such variability. Sixty-eight hearing-aid users or candidates were fitted bilaterally with nonlinear hearing aids using standard procedures. Treatment outcome was assessed by measuring aided speech intelligibility in a time-reversed two-talker background and self-reported improvement in hearing ability...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923429/frequency-of-auditory-involvement-and-of-associated-factors-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Adriana Ivonne Céspedes Cruz, Myriam Méndez Núñez, Eunice Solís Vallejo, Maritza Zeferino Cruz, Alfonso Ragnar Torres Jiménez, Verónica Ocampo Sánchez, Beatriz Flores Meza, Norma Quintana Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of arthritis in children under 16 years of age for more than 6 weeks in the absence of any other known cause. The extra-articular manifestations, especially in the audiovestibular system, are related to the involvement of the joints of the ossicular chain as a result of the inflammatory process in the synovium. Previous clinical studies in pediatric patients have shown conductive or sensorineural hearing loss...
September 8, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919848/hidden-hearing-loss-no-effect-of-common-recreational-noise-exposure-on-cochlear-nerve-response-amplitude-in-humans
#5
Sarah K Grinn, Kathryn B Wiseman, Jason A Baker, Colleen G Le Prell
This study tested hypothesized relationships between noise exposure and auditory deficits. Both retrospective assessment of potential associations between noise exposure history and performance on an audiologic test battery and prospective assessment of potential changes in performance after new recreational noise exposure were completed. Methods: 32 participants (13M, 19F) with normal hearing (25-dB HL or better, 0.25-8 kHz) were asked to participate in 3 pre- and post-exposure sessions including: otoscopy, tympanometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) (f2 frequencies 1-8 kHz), pure-tone audiometry (0...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918676/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-tinnitus-functional-index
#6
Anna Chi Shan Kam, Eric Kwok Shun Leung, Patrick Yiu Bong Chan, Michael Chi Fai Tong
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Chinese version of the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI-CH) in measuring tinnitus severity in Hong Kong Chinese population. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional psychometric validation study. STUDY SAMPLE: Subjects were 124 adult Chinese who attended the audiology clinics in a hospital setting for tinnitus treatment. RESULTS: The TFI-CH showed good internal consistency reliability (α = 0...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910311/hearing-impairment-in-premature-newborns-analysis-based-on-the-national-hearing-screening-database-in-poland
#7
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Grazyna Greczka, Piotr Dabrowski, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss is between 1 and 3 per 1000 in healthy neonates and 2-4 per 100 in high-risk infants. The national universal neonatal hearing screening carried out in Poland since 2002 enables selection of infants with suspicion and/or risk factors of hearing loss. In this study, we assessed the incidence and risk factors of hearing impairment in infants ≤33 weeks' gestational age (wga). METHODS: We analyzed the database of the Polish Universal Newborns Hearing Screening Program from 2010 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906245/potential-audiological-and-mri-markers-of-tinnitus
#8
Kamakshi V Gopal, Binu P Thomas, Rajesh Nandy, Deng Mao, Hanzhang Lu
BACKGROUND: Subjective tinnitus, or ringing sensation in the ear, is a common disorder with no accepted objective diagnostic markers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify possible objective markers of tinnitus by combining audiological and imaging-based techniques. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control studies. STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty adults drawn from our audiology clinic served as participants. The tinnitus group consisted of ten participants with chronic bilateral constant tinnitus, and the control group consisted of ten participants with no history of tinnitus...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906244/hearing-aid-use-and-mild-hearing-impairment-learnings-from-big-data
#9
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
BACKGROUND: Previous research, mostly reliant on self-reports, has indicated that hearing aid (HA) use is related to the degree of hearing impairment (HI). No large-scale investigation of the relationship between data-logged HA use and HI has been conducted to date. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate if objective measures of overall daily HA use and HA use in various listening environments are different for adults with mild HI compared to adults with moderate HI...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#10
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902802/audiological-outcomes-and-map-characteristics-in-children-with-perimodiolar-and-slim-straight-array-cochlear-implants-in-opposite-ears
#11
Lisa R Park, Holly F B Teagle, Kevin D Brown, Erika B Gagnon, Jennifer S Woodard, Craig A Buchman
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in outcomes and map characteristics in pediatric bilateral cochlear implants with modiolar conforming and lateral wall arrays in opposite ears. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric referral center. PATIENTS: Fourteen children who received a perimodiolar array in one ear and a slim straight array in the opposite ear in sequential surgeries. INTERVENTIONS: None...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895463/impact-of-primary-language-and-insurance-on-pediatric-hearing-health-care-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#12
Brooke M Su, Jason S Park, Dylan K Chan
Objective This study aims to describe the effects of primary language and insurance status on care utilization among deaf or hard-of-hearing children under active otolaryngologic and audiologic care. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Multidisciplinary hearing loss clinic at a tertiary center. Subjects and Methods Demographics, hearing loss data, and validated survey responses were collected from 206 patients aged 0 to 19 years. Two-sided t tests and χ(2) tests were used to obtain descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894813/the-importance-of-electrode-location-in-cochlear-implantation
#13
REVIEW
Brendan P O'Connell, Jacob B Hunter, George B Wanna
OBJECTIVES: As indications for cochlear implantation have expanded to include patients with more residual hearing, increasing emphasis has been placed on minimally traumatic electrode insertion. Histopathologic evaluation remains the gold standard for evaluation of cochlear trauma, but advances in imaging techniques have allowed clinicians to determine scalar electrode location in vivo. This review will examine the relationship between scalar location of electrode arrays and audiologic outcomes...
December 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894811/serum-vitamin-d-and-recurrent-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#14
Gu Il Rhim
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations on patients diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) on BPPV recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: A retrospective review of 232 patients diagnosed with BPPV visiting the clinic between June 2014 and June 2015 was performed. All patients underwent a complete otolaryngological, audiologic, and neurologic evaluation...
December 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892941/cartilage-myringoplasty-an-ideal-grafting-technique-for-complex-perforations
#15
Munish Kambatatti Shekharappa, Shruthi Malavalli Siddappa
INTRODUCTION: Tympanoplasty is one of routinely performed surgeries in ENT practice. Using cartilage-perichondrium composite graft in selective cases gives better outcome. AIM: To study the outcome and feasibility of cartilage-perichondrium composite graft in repair of complex tympanic membrane perforations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, intervention study was conducted at SSIMS and RC, Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, Southern India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892821/readability-level-of-spanish-language-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-audiology-and-otolaryngology
#16
Laura Coco, Sonia Colina, Samuel R Atcherson, Nicole Marrone
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the readability level of the Spanish versions of several audiology- and otolaryngology-related patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and include a readability analysis of 2 translation approaches when available-the published version and a "functionalist" version-using a team-based collaborative approach including community members. Method: Readability levels were calculated using the Fry Graph adapted for Spanish, as well as the Fernandez-Huerta and the Spaulding formulae for several commonly used audiology- and otolaryngology-related PROMs...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891873/hearing-outcome-with-the-use-of-glass-ionomer-cement-as-an-alternative-to-crimping-in-stapedotomy
#17
Saad Elzayat, Ahmed Younes, Ayman Fouad, Fatthe Erfan, Ali Mahrous
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early hearing outcomes using glass ionomer cement to fix the Teflon piston prosthesis onto the long process of incus to minimize residual conductive hearing loss after stapedotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Original report of prospective randomized control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 80 consecutive patients with otosclerosis were randomized into two groups. Group A is a control group in which 40 patients underwent small fenestra stapedotomy using the classic technique...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890772/knowledge-and-cultural-beliefs-of-mothers-regarding-the-risk-factors-of-infant-hearing-loss-and-awareness-of-audiology-services
#18
Samantha M Govender, Nasim Banu Khan
The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102) receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888426/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-characteristics-and-age-related-prognosis
#19
Jin Youp Kim, Jae Joon Han, Woong Sang Sunwoo, Ja-Won Koo, Seung-Ha Oh, Min-Hyun Park, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have investigated sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in adults, there were few studies on SSNHL in the pediatric population; especially research on treatment and prognosis of pediatric SSNHL was limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in children and adolescents with SSNHL. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 67 pediatric patients (67 ears) who had diagnosed with SSNHL at our hospitals was performed to analyze patients' clinical manifestations and audiograms...
September 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887665/impact-of-radiation-technique-radiation-fraction-dose-and-total-cisplatin-dose-on-hearing-retrospective-analysis-of-29%C3%A2-medulloblastoma-patients
#20
Sergiu Scobioala, Ross Parfitt, Peter Matulat, Christopher Kittel, Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Heidi Wolters, Antoinette Am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, Hans Theodor Eich
PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence and degree of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) resulting from different radiation techniques, fractionation dose, mean cochlear radiation dose (Dmean), and total cisplatin dose. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 29 children with medulloblastoma (58 ears) with subclinical pretreatment hearing thresholds participated. Radiotherapy (RT) and cisplatin had been applied sequentially according to the HIT MED Guidance. Audiological outcomes up to the latest follow-up (median 2...
September 8, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
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