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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350662/high-protein-intake-in-human-maternal-milk-fortification-for-%C3%A2-1250-gr-infants-intrahospital-growth-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#1
Augusto Biasini, Fiorella Monti, Maria Chiara Laguardia, Marcello Stella, Lucia Marvulli, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Extrauterine growth restriction and failure to thrive remain a major problem in Extremely Low Birth Weight infants. Nutritional support in preterm babies has the objective to improve the achieve rate of growth similar to those of the fetus in utero at the equivalent gestational age. The aim of the study was to evaluate feeding tolerance, intrahospital growth, neurological outcome and anthropometric data until 24 months of corrected age (mca) from different protein intake assumed by preterm babies <1250 g during their stay in NICU...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345603/association-between-household-food-security-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-nairobi-kenya
#2
T N Macharia, S Ochola, M K Mutua, E W Kimani-Murage
Studies in urban informal settlements show widespread inappropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and high rates of food insecurity. This study assessed the association between household food security and IYCF practices in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. The study adopted a longitudinal design that involved a census sample of 1110 children less than 12 months of age and their mothers aged between 12 and 49 years. A questionnaire was used to collect information on: IYCF practices and household food security...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#3
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338079/nutrition-delivery-and-growth-outcomes-in-infants-with-gastroschisis
#4
Charles R Hong, David Zurakowski, Brenna S Fullerton, Katelyn Ariagno, Tom Jaksic, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe nutrient intake and growth in infants with gastroschisis and identify factors associated with impaired growth. METHODS: Retrospective study of neonates who underwent gastroschisis repair from 2010 to 2015. Nutrient intake and weight-for-age z scores (WAZ) were recorded. RESULTS: Data from 60 eligible infants with median (Q1, Q3) gestational age of 36 weeks (35, 37) and birth weight 2418 g (2098, 2665) were analyzed...
January 8, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334565/reversal-of-intestinal-failure-in-children-with-tufting-enteropathy-supported-with-parenteral-nutrition-at-home
#5
Iona Ashworth, Alexander Wilson, Samuel Aquilina, Raymond Parascandalo, Victor Mercieca, Jurgen Gerada, Sarah Macdonald, Venetia Simchowitz, Susan Hill
OBJECTIVES: To review long-term outcome of Intestinal Epithelial Dysplasia(IED)/tufting enteropathy(TE) patients treated with parenteral nutrition(PN) at home managed by an intestinal failure(IF) rehabilitation service METHODS:: Infants presenting from 1986-2010 with IF, and TE histology were retrospectively reviewed for up to 30 years. Data collected included: outcome, presentation, nutrition(parenteral/enteral), country of residence, race, EpCAM gene, growth, bone age, occupation. RESULTS: 13 patients (6 male) in Malta and the UK with TE histology were established on home PN...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333864/non-digestible-carbohydrates-in-infant-formula-as-substitution-for-human-milk-oligosaccharide-functions-effects-on-microbiota-and-gut-maturation
#6
Renate Akkerman, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally or partly fed with cow-milk derived infant formulas, which do not contain HMOs...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329877/-attitudes-towards-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-management-by-spanish-gastroenterologist
#7
Alicia Isabel Pascual Pérez, Alejandra Méndez Sánchez, Óscar Segarra Cantón, Beatriz Espin Jaime, Santiago Jiménez Treviño, Carlos Bousoño García, Juan José Díaz Martín
INTRODUCTION: Food allergy is an increasing health problem in the developed world. Cow's milk protein is the main cause of food allergy in infants. Without an appropriate diagnostic workup, there is a high risk of both over- and underdiagnosis and therefore, over and undertreatment. The objective of our study was to analyze the variability in cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) management by pediatric gastroenterologists in Spain. METHODS: A fifty item questionnaire, including open and closed items in a Likert's scale from 0 to 5, was drafted and distributed through the Spanish Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (SEGHNP) e-mail list...
January 9, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329213/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-in-boys-and-the-risk-of-adverse-effects-as-measured-by-receipt-of-special-education-services
#8
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
The National Center for Education Statistics reported that between 1990-2005 the number of children receiving special education services (SES) rose significantly, and then, from 2004-2012, the number declined significantly. This coincided with the introduction of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine in 1991, and the subsequent introduction of Thimerosal-reduced hepatitis B vaccine in the early 2000s. This study examined the potential relationship between infant exposure to mercury from three doses of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of boys being adversely affected (as measured by receipt of SES)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325660/impact-of-the-lactation-advice-through-texting-can-help-latch-trial-on-time-to-first-contact-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-wic-participants
#9
Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Nurit Harari, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Lori Goeschel, Valerie Bozzi, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of a 2-way text messaging intervention on time to contact between participants and their breastfeeding peer counselors (BFPCs) and on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) status at 2 weeks and 3 months postpartum. DESIGN: Multisite, single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) BFPC program. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income women (n = 174) participating in the WIC BFPC program...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323437/parenteral-nutrition-safety-the-story-continues
#10
REVIEW
Phil Ayers, Joseph Boullata, Gordon Sacks
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is an important therapeutic modality used for a variety of indications in adults, children, and infants. PN is a complex, high-alert medication that requires appropriate education and ongoing competency assessment to ensure a safe process. PN is not recognized by many organizations as a medication, which leads to underreporting of errors. This article will provide important insight and recommendations to promote a safe PN process.
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#11
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316931/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-novel-human-milk-fortifier-from-donkey-milk-in-feeding-preterm-infants-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Paola Tonetto, Chiara Peila, Francesco Cresi, Sertac Arslanoglu, Guido E Moro, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Marzia Giribaldi, Sara Antoniazzi, Amedeo Conti, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315948/a-patient-specific-approach-to-developing-an-exclusion-diet-to-manage-food-allergy-in-infants-and-children
#13
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch, Merryn Netting, Rosan Meyer
Food allergy is becoming increasingly common in infants and young children. This paper set out to explain the different factors that should be taken into account during an individualized allergy consultation: Foods to avoid and degree of avoidance, suitable alternatives, self-management skills, co-and cross-reactive allergens and novel allergens alongside the role of the industry in allergen avoidance, importance of nutritional aspects of the diet and the future directions that nutritional guidance make take...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309515/infant-feeding-in-relation-to-the-risk-of-advanced-islet-autoimmunity-and-type-1-diabetes-in-children-with-increased-genetic-susceptibility-a-cohort-study
#14
Leena Hakola, Hanna-Mari Takkinen, Sari Niinistö, Suvi Ahonen, Jaakko Nevalainen, Riitta Veijola, Jorma Ilonen, Jorma Toppari, Mikael Knip, Suvi M Virtanen
Breastfeeding, age at introduction of foods, and food diversity in infancy were studied for associations with advanced islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes. During 1996--2004, a total of 5,915 newborns with human leukocyte antigen-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes were enrolled in the prospective Finnish Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Nutrition Study. Children were assessed at intervals of 3-12 months for the appearance of 4 types of islet autoantibodies and type 1 diabetes up to the age of 15 years...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309485/trends-in-severe-obesity-among-children-aged-2-to-4-years-enrolled-in-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-from-2000-to-2014
#15
Liping Pan, Sohyun Park, Renata Slayton, Alyson B Goodman, Heidi M Blanck
Importance: Severe obesity in childhood is associated with negative health consequences. A previous study examined trends in severe obesity among preschool-aged children in low-income families during 1998 to 2010. No recent trends have been reported. Objective: To examine trends in severe obesity by age, sex, and race/ethnicity among enrollees in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) aged 2 to 4 years during 2000 to 2014...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308610/complementary-feeding-patterns-among-ethnic-groups-in-rural-western-china
#16
Peng-Fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-Mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-Mei Yang, Fang-Liang Lei, Shan-Shan Li, Dan-Meng Liu, Shao-Nong Dang, Hong Yan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated complementary feeding practices among four ethnic groups (Han, Uygur, Tibetan, and Zhuang) based on a cross-sectional survey in rural western China. METHODS: In 2005, a stratified multistage cluster random sampling method was used to recruit 9712 children (7411 Han, 1032 Uygur, 678 Tibetan, and 591 Zhuang) between 6 and 35 months of age and their mothers from 45 counties in 10 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) in western China...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307590/timing-of-introduction-of-complementary-foods-to-us-infants-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#17
Chloe M Barrera, Heather C Hamner, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Although there has been inconsistency in recommendations regarding the optimal time for introducing complementary foods, most experts agree that introduction should not occur before 4 months. Despite recommendations, studies suggest that 20% to 40% of US infants are introduced to foods at younger than 4 months. Previous studies focused on the introduction of solid foods and are not nationally representative. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to provide a nationally representative estimate of the timing of introduction of complementary foods and to describe predictors of early (<4 months) introduction...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306493/delivery-room-resuscitation-and-short-term-outcomes-in-moderately-preterm-infants
#18
Monika Bajaj, Girija Natarajan, Seetha Shankaran, Myra Wyckoff, Abbot R Laptook, Edward F Bell, Barbara J Stoll, Waldemar A Carlo, Betty R Vohr, Shampa Saha, Krisa P Van Meurs, Pablo J Sanchez, Carl T D'Angio, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy Newman, Michele C Walsh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of delivery room resuscitation and evaluate the association of delivery room resuscitation with neonatal outcomes in moderately preterm (MPT) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational cohort study of MPT infants delivered at 290/7 to 336/7 weeks' gestational age (GA) enrolled in the Neonatal Research Network MPT registry. Infants were categorized into 5 groups based on the highest level of delivery room intervention: routine care, oxygen and/or continuous positive airway pressure, bag and mask ventilation, endotracheal intubation, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation including chest compressions and/or epinephrine use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#19
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301912/monitoring-the-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-paradigm-change
#20
REVIEW
Jose Villar, Francesca Giuliani, Fernando Barros, Paola Roggero, Irma Alejandra Coronado Zarco, Maria Albertina S Rego, Roseline Ochieng, Maria Lorella Gianni, Suman Rao, Ann Lambert, Irina Ryumina, Carl Britto, Deepak Chawla, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Syed Rehan Ali, Jane Hirst, Jagjit Singh Teji, Karim Abawi, Jacqueline Asibey, Josephine Agyeman-Duah, Kenny McCormick, Enrico Bertino, Aris T Papageorghiou, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Stephen Kennedy
There is no consensus regarding how the growth of preterm infants should be monitored or what constitutes their ideal pattern of growth, especially after term-corrected age. The concept that the growth of preterm infants should match that of healthy fetuses is not substantiated by data and, in practice, is seldom attained, particularly for very preterm infants. Hence, by hospital discharge, many preterm infants are classified as postnatal growth-restricted. In a recent systematic review, 61 longitudinal reference charts were identified, most with considerable limitations in the quality of gestational age estimation, anthropometric measures, feeding regimens, and how morbidities were described...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
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