keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infant, nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746725/an-acceptability-trial-of-desiccated-beef-liver-and-meat-powder-as-potential-fortifiers-of-complementary-diets-of-young-children-in-indonesia
#1
Lisa M Duizer, Aly Diana, Hilmi S Rathomi, Dimas E Luftimas, Sofa Rahmannia, Widya Santi, Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Jill J Haszard, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa A Houghton
The addition of desiccated beef liver to infant and young child complementary foods can be used to overcome nutrient deficits, however its acceptability is unknown. We conducted a series of studies to test the acceptability of complementary foods fortified with either powdered beef liver, beef meat, beef liver + meat or placebo among 96 Indonesian children aged 12 to 23 mo. This was achieved by determining liking of a single test food with added study powder, followed by a 2-wk home trial and focus group discussions to assess liking during repeated consumption of the study powders added to daily meals...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746353/delayed-breastfeeding-initiation-and-infant-survival-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Emily R Smith, Lisa Hurt, Ranadip Chowdhury, Bireshwar Sinha, Wafaie Fawzi, Karen M Edmond
OBJECTIVE: To assess the existing evidence regarding breastfeeding initiation time and infant morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Popline, LILACS, AIM, and Index Medicus to identify existing evidence. We included observational studies and randomized control trials that examined the association between breastfeeding initiation time and mortality, morbidity, or nutrition outcomes from birth through 12 months of age in a population of infants who all initiated breastfeeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745680/-the-decreased-level-of-plasma-carnitine-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#3
E D Belousova
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have long been known to affect carnitine metabolism, dropping the plasma free carnitine. Valproate (VPA) was considered to be the strongest carnitine-reducing agent. VPA-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy and hepatotoxicity are well known, and pre-existing carnitine deficiency can be a predisposing factor, especially in congenital metabolic disorders. Several studies have shown that carnitine supplementation in patients receiving VPA to result in subjective and objective improvements and to prevent VPA-induced hepatotoxicity and encephalopathy, in parallel with increases in carnitine serum concentrations...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745070/management-options-for-cholestatic-liver-disease-in-children
#4
Andrea Catzola, Pietro Vajro
Due to a peculiar age-dependent increased susceptibility, neonatal cholestasis affects the liver of approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants. A high index of suspicion is the key to an early diagnosis, and to implement timely, often life-saving treatments. Even when specific treatment is not available or curative, prompt medical management and optimization of nutrition are of paramount importance to survival and avoidance of complications. Areas covered: The present article will prominently focus on a series of newer diagnostic and therapeutic options of cholestasis in neonates and infants blended with consolidated established paradigms...
July 26, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743192/searching-for-evidence-of-an-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-for-pediatric-obesity-interventions-with-a-focus-on-leptin-ghrelin-and-adiponectin
#5
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown
PROBLEM: To address the complex phenomenon of pediatric obesity, one must understand the physiological mechanisms regulating energy intake and inflammation. The peptide hormones leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are involved in both, but their functions are dysregulated in obesity. The purpose of this systematic review is (1) to characterize studies of nutrition interventions for weight management in children who measure these peptides as outcomes, (2) to assess risk of bias in the studies, and (3) to determine the relationships between these peptides and body mass index (BMI)...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#6
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737399/rapid-characterization-of-the-human-breast-milk-lipidome-using-a-solid-phase-microextraction-and-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-approach
#7
Dorota Garwolińska, Weronika Hewelt-Belka, Jacek Namieśnik, Agata Kot-Wasik
Human breast milk (HBM) is a biofluid consisting of various biomolecules such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals and bioactive substances. Due to its unique and complex composition, HBM provides not only nutritional components required for the growth of the infant, but also additional protection against infections. Global insight into the composition of HBM is crucial to understanding the health benefits infants receive from breastfeeding and could be used to improve the composition of milk formula for babies that cannot be breastfed...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735580/high-protein-goat-s-milk-diet-identified-through-newborn-screening-clinical-warning-of-a-potentially-dangerous-dietetic-practice
#8
Evelina Maines, Giorgia Gugelmo, Elisa Tadiotto, Angelo Pietrobelli, Natascia Campostrini, Andrea Pasini, Florina Ion-Popa, Monica Vincenzi, Francesca Teofoli, Marta Camilot, Andrea Bordugo
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding is an unequalled way of providing optimal food for infants' healthy growth and development and the WHO recommends that infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life. For mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formulas are the safest alternative. Despite recommendations, it is possible that parents make potentially harmful nutritional choices for their children because of cultural beliefs or misinformation on infant nutrition...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734508/assessing-and-improving-childhood-nutrition-and-growth-globally
#9
REVIEW
Anne M Williams, Parminder S Suchdev
Improving maternal and child nutrition is central to global development goals and reducing the noncommunicable disease burden. Although the process of becoming malnourished starts in utero, the consequences of poor nutrition extend across the life cycle and into future generations. The global nutrition targets for 2025 include reducing infant and young child growth faltering, halting the increase of overweight children, improving breastfeeding practices, and reducing maternal anemia. In this review, we address nutritional assessment, discuss nonnutritive factors that affect growth, and endorse the evidence-based interventions that should be scaled up to improve maternal and child nutrition...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733478/growth-and-morbidity-of-extremely-preterm-infants-after-early-full-enteral-nutrition
#10
Christoph Maas, Axel R Franz, Stefanie von Krogh, Jörg Arand, Christian F Poets
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility and consequences of accelerated feeding advancement on short-term outcomes in extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs) who stayed in our institution for >28 days. METHODS: Retrospective single-centre cohort analysis covering the years 2011-2013. Data are presented as median (IQR). RESULTS: Infants '(n=77) birth weight was 745 (640 to 960) g and gestational age at birth 26.7 (25.1 to 27.4) weeks...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732073/first-trimester-fetal-growth-restriction-and-the-occurrence-of-miscarriage-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Farzana Ferdous, Eva-Charlotte Ekström, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Fetal growth restriction in early pregnancy increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome, which has a significant social and psychological impact on women. There is limited information related to community-based study to evaluate early indicators related to miscarriage. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between fetal growth restriction, measured by ultrasound crown-rump length (CRL), and subsequent occurrence of miscarriage in pregnant women in rural Bangladesh. The study was conducted within the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions Trial in Matlab (MINIMat study), Bangladesh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731922/a-novel-g-55040074delt-in-alas2-gene-resulting-in-a-monomeric-protein-and-severe-sideroblastic-anemia-phenotype
#12
Prateek Bhatia, Aditya Singh, Avani Hedge
Sideroblastic anemias are a rare group of disorders resulting from defective iron incorporation during heme synthesis and hence characterized by anemia and presence of ringed sideroblasts in bone marrow. The most common form is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in ALAS2 gene. In the current paper, a case of X-linked sideroblastic anemia caused by a novel homozygous deletional mutation in exon 10 of ALAS2 gene is presented. The female infant developed moderately severe anemia at 6 months of age, which did not improve despite adequate nutritional support...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#13
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731216/indigenous-food-ingredients-for-complementary-food-formulations-to-combat-infant-malnutrition-in-benin-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Flora J Chadare, Yann E Madode, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Janvier M Kindossi, Juvencio O Ayosso, Hermann S Honfo, Polycarpe Kayode, Anita R Linnemann, Joseph D Hounhouigan
This paper reviews indigenous Beninese food resources as potential ingredients for complementary infant foods with the aim to develop affordable formulations for low-income households in each agro-ecological zone of the country. Potential ingredients were selected on their documented nutritional value. The selected foods encompass 347 food resources, namely 297 plant products from home gardens or collected from natural vegetation and 50 animals, either domesticated or from the wild. The compiled data reveal that the distribution of the available food resources was unbalanced between agro-ecological zones...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730978/determination-of-biotin-in-infant-pediatric-and-adult-nutritionals-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-fluorescence-detection-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2016-11
#15
Qi Lin, Yi Ding, Fiona Poh, Chunyan Zhang, Shang-Jing Pan, Karen Schimpf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730977/determination-of-lutein-and-%C3%AE-carotene-in-infant-formula-and-adult-nutritionals-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-single-laboratory-validation-first-action-2016-13
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730974/dual-laboratory-validation-of-a-method-for-the-determination-of-fructans-in-infant-formula-and-adult-nutritionals-first-action-2016-14
#17
Kommer Brunt, Peter Sanders, Véronique Spichtig, Veronica Ernste-Nota, Paulina Sawicka, Kimberley Iwanoff, Jeroen Van Soest, Paul Kong Thoo Lin, Sean Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#18
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#19
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728787/prenatal-co-exposure-to-manganese-and-depression-and-24-months-neurodevelopment
#20
Teresa Verenice Muñoz Rocha, Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Martín Romero, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, David Bellinger, Birgit Claus Henn, Rosalind Wright, Robert O Wright, Mara Téllez-Rojo
BACKGROUND: Normal prenatal neurodevelopment follows stages that are potentially influenced by both chemical and psychosocial environments. Exposure to elevated manganese during this critically vulnerable period has been found to be neurotoxic. Independently, maternal prenatal depression has been associated with subsequent neurodevelopmental decrements in children. The association between child neurodevelopment and prenatal co-exposure to manganese and maternal depression has not been sufficiently studied...
July 17, 2017: Neurotoxicology
keyword
keyword
20145
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"