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Marshall A Kuremsky, Nahir Habet, Richard D Peindl, R Glenn Gaston
PURPOSE: To quantify the distance of the dorsal ulnar sensory branch, floor of the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) subsheath, and ulnar neurovascular bundles from the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), and secondarily to assess the safety of an all-inside arthroscopic repair of the TFCC with a commonly used meniscal repair device with respect to the aforementioned structures. METHODS: A custom K-wire with 1-mm gradation was used to determine the distance of at-risk structures from the periphery of the TFCC in 13 above-elbow human cadaver specimens...
September 7, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Midum Jegal, Kang Heo, Jong Pil Kim
The importance of foveal repair of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) on stability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) has been emphasized with increasing knowledge of the anatomy and biomechanics of the TFCC and DRUJ. Although both open and arthroscopic techniques have been described for improving DRUJ stability, there has been a marked evolution of arthroscopic TFCC repair technique with successful clinical outcome. Recently, an arthroscopic trans-osseous technique has been described to repair foveal tears of the TFCC...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Donald von Borstel, Michael Wang, Kirstin Small, Taiki Nozaki, Hiroshi Yoshioka
This study is intended as a review of 3Tesla (T) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). The recent advances in MR imaging, which includes high field strength magnets, multi-channel coils, and isotropic 3-dimensional (3D) sequences have enabled the visualization of precise TFCC anatomy with high spatial and contrast resolution. In addition to the routine wrist protocol, there are specific techniques used to optimize 3T imaging of the wrist; including driven equilibrium sequence (DRIVE), parallel imaging, and 3D imaging...
August 16, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Sualp Turan, Deniz Çankaya, Serdar Yılmaz, Dilek Karakuş, Abdurrahim Dündar, Güzelali Özdemir
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the effect of accompanying ulnar styloid fracture (USF) on clinical outcomes and hand-wrist muscle strength in conservatively treated active patients after displaced distal radius fracture (DRF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective study, which was conducted November 2012 and September 2016, included 56 patients (34 males, 22 females; mean age 28.8 years; range 20 to 40 years) with displaced DRF treated with closed reduction and casting...
August 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
T Pillukat, R A Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Refixation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to the ulnar capsule of the wrist. INDICATIONS: Distal TFCC tears without instability, proximal TFCC intact. Loose ulnar TFCC attachment without tear or instability. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Peripheral TFCC tears with instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Complex or proximal tears of the TFCC. Isolated, central degenerative tears without healing potential. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Arthroscopically guided, minimally invasive suture of the TFCC to the base of the sixth extensor compartment...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
T Del Gaudio, M Haerle
OBJECTIVE: Arthroscopic decompression (wafer procedure) of the ulnocarpal compartment in patients with ulnar impaction syndrome. INDICATIONS: The arthroscopic wafer procedure is recommended in ulnar-plus situations with up to 3 mm length-excess. To perform this procedure the ulnar head needs to be accessible for the burr through a pre-existing, impaction-related, centroradial lesion of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). The additional presence of a distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) type C confirms the indication...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
N Schmelzer-Schmied
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this operation technique is a stable refixation of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) to the fovea ulnaris. The stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ) should be re-established. The patients pain and the feeling of instability should be reduced. INDICATIONS: Lesions of the foveal component of the TFCC resulting in DRUJ instability. Combined lesions of both components of the TFCC. Complete detachment of the TFCC from the ulna either without fracture of the styloid process of the ulna or with fracture (floating styloid)...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Tadanobu Onishi, Shohei Omokawa, Akio Iida, Yasuaki Nakanishi, Tsutomu Kira, Hisao Moritomo, Sompob Ruxasagluwang, Jirchart Kraisarin, Takamasa Shimizu, Yasuhito Tanaka
We investigated the reliability and accuracy of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) ballottement test using five fresh-frozen cadaver specimens in triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC)-intact, and TFCC-sectioned wrists. The humerus and proximal ulna were fixed. The ulna was allowed to translate in dorsopalmar directions without rotation, and the radius was allowed to move freely. Four sensors of a magnetic tracking system were attached to the radius and ulna, and the nails of each examiner's thumbs. Five examiners conducted the DRUJ ballottement test before and after TFCC sectioning...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Sung Jong Woo, Midum Jegal, Min Jong Park
BACKGROUND: Disruption of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) foveal insertion can lead to distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability accompanied by ulnar-sided pain, weakness, snapping, and limited forearm rotation. We investigated the clinical outcomes of patients with TFCC foveal tears treated with arthroscopic-assisted repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients underwent foveal repair of avulsed TFCC with the assistance of arthroscopy between 2011 and 2013...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
H L Zhan, Y Liu, R J Bai, Z H Qian, W Ye, Y X Li, B D Wu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the MRI characteristics of injuries of triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), and provide imaging basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of the injuries. METHODS: A total of 10 healthy volunteers without wrist injuries and 200 patients from Beijing Jishuitan Hospital who complained ulnar-sided wrist pain and were highly suspected as the injury of TFCC underwent the wrist magnetic resonance examination. All subjects were in a prone position and underwent examination on coronal T1WI scan and PD-FS on 3 planes respectively...
June 7, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Young Sinn Kim, Je Hyeok Oh, Chan Woong Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Dong Hoon Lee, Jun Young Hong
This study compared the effectiveness two-finger chest compression technique (TFCC) performed using the right vs. left hand and the index-middle vs. middle-ring fingers. Four different finger/hand combinations were tested randomly in 30 healthcare providers performing TFCC (Test 1: the right index-middle fingers; Test 2: the left index-middle fingers; Test 3: the right middle-ring fingers; Test 4: the left middle-ring fingers) using two cross-over trials. The "patient" was a 3-month-old-infant-sized manikin...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
M Lutz, S Erhart, C Deml, T Klestil
OBJECTIVE: Anatomical reconstruction of the distal radius after intra-articular fractures with special consideration of the articular surface and treatment of concomitant ligament injuries. INDICATIONS: Intra-articular distal radius fractures in adults under 65 years of age. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Osteoporotic deterioration of metaphyseal bone, radiocarpal fracture dislocation and open fractures. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Conventional palmar approach for plate fixation of the fracture with a fixed angle locking plate...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Susan J Barlow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The current literature contains no reports of treatment options other than surgery following failed conservative management of a triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of a novel brace as a non-surgical intervention for TFCC tears. METHODS: This paper is a case study of a subject with a magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed TFCC tear. As an alternative to surgery, he consented to wear a novel brace for 12 weeks after conservative management of his injury had failed...
May 16, 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
C Rehnitz, B Klaan, F von Stillfried, E Amarteifio, I Burkholder, H U Kauczor, M A Weber
PURPOSE: To compare the image quality of modern 3 D and 2 D sequences for dedicated wrist imaging at 3 Tesla (T) MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 3 T MRI, 18 patients (mean age: 36.2 years) with wrist pain and 16 healthy volunteers (mean age: 26.4 years) were examined using 2 D proton density-weighted fat-saturated (PDfs), isotropic 3 D TrueFISP, 3 D MEDIC, and 3 D PDfs SPACE sequences. Image quality was rated on a five-point scale (0 - 4) including overall image quality (OIQ), visibility of important structures (cartilage, ligaments, TFCC) and degree of artifacts...
August 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Joong-Bae Seo, Jong-Pil Kim, Hyung-Suk Yi, Kwang-Hee Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the results of arthroscopic peripheral repair (AR) and arthroscopic debridement (AD) for the treatment of chronic unstable triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tears in ulnar-positive patients undergoing ulnar-shortening osteotomy (USO). METHODS: A total of 31 patients who underwent arthroscopic treatments combined with USO for unstable TFCC tears and were followed-up at a minimum of 24 months were included in this retrospective cohort study...
May 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
A R Poublon, G Kraan, S P Lau, A L A Kerver, G-J Kleinrensink
The aim of this study was to define a detailed description of the dorsal cutaneous branch of the ulnar nerve (DCBUN) in particular in relevance to triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) repairs. In 20 formalin-embalmed arms, the DCBUN was dissected, and the course in each arm was mapped and categorized. Furthermore, the point of origin of the DCBUN, that is, from the ulnar nerve in association with the ulnar styloid process, was defined. Finally, the distance between the ulnar styloid process and the branching of the radial-ulnar communicating branch (RUCB) and the first branch of DCBUN was measured...
July 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
D Schmauss, S Pöhlmann, J A Lohmeyer, G Germann, B Bickert, K Megerle
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic value of clinical tests and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the investigation of triangular fibrocartilaginous complex (TFCC) lesions is not clear due to a lack of clinical data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 908 patients who underwent clinical tests and arthroscopy for suspected TFCC lesions at our institution. Further, MR imaging findings concerning the TFCC were gathered. We correlated clinical tests and MR imaging findings with those obtained during arthroscopy, and we calculated sensitivity, specificity, as well as positive and negative predictive values...
June 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Joseph M Pirolo, Wei Le, Jeffrey Yao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of thermal treatment on neural tissue in the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL), and lunotriquetral interosseous ligament (LTIL). METHODS: The intact TFCC, SLIL, and LTIL were harvested from cadaveric specimens and treated with a radiofrequency probe as would be performed intraoperatively. Slides were stained using a triple-stain technique for neurotrophin receptor p75, pan-neuronal marker protein gene product 9...
May 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Rachel M Frank, William Slikker, Laith Al-Shihabi, Robert W Wysocki
With advances in surgical instrumentation and techniques, as well as expanding surgical indications, wrist arthroscopy is now being used to treat a variety of conditions previously managed only with open techniques. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries remain among the most common causes of ulnar-sided wrist pain and can result from both acute and chronic mechanisms of injury. The most common mechanism of acute injury to the TFCC is a fall onto an outstretched hand with the wrist in a supinated, extended position...
October 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
Yukio Abe, Atsushi Moriya, Yasuhiro Tominaga, Koji Yoshida
Background Several different triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear patterns have been classified through the use of wrist arthroscopy. A tear of the dorsal aspect of the TFCC has been previously reported, but it is not included in Palmer original classification. Our purpose was to describe this type of tear pattern along with the clinical presentation. Methods An isolated dorsal TFCC tear was encountered in seven wrists of six patients (three men and three women; average age was 31 years). All patients were evaluated by physical exam, X-ray, plain axial computed tomography with pronation, neutral and supination position, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with coronal, sagittal, and axial section and arthroscopy...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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