keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Built Environment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031108/accessibility-of-fast-food-outlets-is-associated-with-fast-food-intake-a-study-in-the-capital-region-of-denmark
#1
Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Anne Helms Andreasen, Ulla Toft, Maja Lykke, Charlotte Glümer
Literature suggests that people living in areas with a wealth of unhealthy fast food options may show higher levels of fast food intake. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association between GIS-located fast food outlets (FFOs) and self-reported fast food intake among adults (+ 16 years) in the Capital Region of Denmark (N = 48,305). Accessibility of FFOs was measured both as proximity (distance to nearest FFO) and density (number of FFOs within a 1km network buffer around home)...
October 11, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028583/influence-of-semantic-consistency-and-perceptual-features-on-visual-attention-during-scene-viewing-in-toddlers
#2
Andrea Helo, Sandrien van Ommen, Sebastian Pannasch, Lucile Danteny-Dordoigne, Pia Rämä
Conceptual representations of everyday scenes are built in interaction with visual environment and these representations guide our visual attention. Perceptual features and object-scene semantic consistency have been found to attract our attention during scene exploration. The present study examined how visual attention in 24-month-old toddlers is attracted by semantic violations and how perceptual features (i. e. saliency, centre distance, clutter and object size) and linguistic properties (i. e. object label frequency and label length) affect gaze distribution...
October 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024907/relationship-between-the-neighbourhood-built-environment-and-early-child-development
#3
Hayley Christian, Stephen J Ball, Stephen R Zubrick, Sally Brinkman, Gavin Turrell, Bryan Boruff, Sarah Foster
The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain...
October 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022369/psychosocially-supportive-design-the-case-for-greater-attention-to-social-space-within-the-pediatric-hospital
#4
Rebecca McLaughlan
OBJECTIVE: Models of patient and family-centered care advocate catering to psychosocial needs when designing healthcare facilities yet there is little evidence available to determine how the built environment can cater to psychosocial needs. This article highlights the obstacles to overcoming this knowledge deficit in the pursuit of evidence-based guidelines to inform social provisions within the pediatric hospital setting. It will propose a working definition for psychosocial space and identify new research directions to enhance understandings of the relationship between social space and well-being...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022368/the-impact-of-environmental-design-on-teamwork-and-communication-in-healthcare-facilities-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Arsalan Gharaveis, D Kirk Hamilton, Debajyoti Pati
The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the current knowledge about the impact of healthcare facility design on teamwork and communication by exploring the relevant literature. Teamwork and communication are behavioral factors that are impacted by physical design. However, the effects of environmental factors on teamwork and communication have not been investigated extensively in healthcare design literature. There are no published systematic reviews on the current topic. Searches were conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar databases in addition to targeted design journals including Health Environmental Research & Design, Environment and Behavior, Environmental Psychology, and Applied Ergonomics...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021948/the-association-between-distance-to-public-amenities-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-lower-income-singaporeans
#6
K K Lim, Y H Kwan, C S Tan, L L Low, A P Chua, W Y Lee, L Pang, H Y Tay, S Y Chan, T Ostbye
Existing evidence on the association between built environment and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors focused on the general population, which may not generalize to higher risk subgroups such as those with lower socio-economic status (SES). We examined the associations between distance to 5 public amenities from residential housing (public polyclinic, subsidized private clinic, healthier eatery, public park and train station) and 12 CVD risk factors (physical inactivity, medical histories and unhealthy dietary habits) among a study sample of low income Singaporeans aged ≥ 40 years (N = 1972)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021499/chitosan-acrylic-polymeric-nanoparticles-with-dynamic-covalent-bonds-synthesis-and-stimuli-behavior
#7
Herman Palacio, Felipe Otálvaro, Luis F Giraldo, Gilles Ponchel, Freimar Segura-Sánchez
Drug delivery represents one of the most important research fields within the pharmaceutical industry. Different strategies are reported every day in a dynamic search for carriers with the ability to transport drugs across the body, avoiding or decreasing toxic issues and improving therapeutic activity. One of the most interesting strategies currently under research is the development of drug delivery systems sensitive to different stimuli, due to the high potential attributed to the selective delivery of the payload...
October 12, 2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020573/new-species-of-talaromyces-isolated-from-maize-indoor-air-and-other-substrates
#8
Stephen W Peterson, Željko Jurjević
Talaromyces strains isolated from maize seeds and the built environment were examined taxonomically because they could not be identified as previously described species. Using phenotypic analysis, DNA sequencing, and phylogenetic and concordance analyses, the authors discovered and described 10 new species in sect. Islandici and 1 new species in sect. Subinflati. Taxonomic novelties in sect. Islandici are Talaromyces delawarensis, T. herodensis, T. juglandicola, T. kilbournensis, T. novojersensis, T. ricevillensis, T...
September 18, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020137/residential-socioeconomic-food-and-built-environments-and-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-diabetes-in-new-york-city-2007-2013
#9
Bahman P Tabaei, Andrew G Rundle, Winfred Y Wu, Carol R Horowitz, Victoria Mayer, Daniel M Sheehan, Shadi Chamany
This study examined the longitudinal associations between residential environment factors and glycemic control in 182,756 adults with diabetes in New York City (2007-2013). Glycemic control was defined as hemoglobin A1c (A1C) <7%. We constructed residential-level measures and performed principle component analysis to formulate a residential composite score. Based on this score, we divided residential areas into quintiles, with the lowest and highest quintiles reflecting the least advantaged and most advantaged residential environments...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990115/an-inexact-multistage-fuzzy-stochastic-programming-for-regional-electric-power-system-management-constrained-by-environmental-quality
#10
Zhenghui Fu, Han Wang, Wentao Lu, Huaicheng Guo, Wei Li
Electric power system involves different fields and disciplines which addressed the economic system, energy system, and environment system. Inner uncertainty of this compound system would be an inevitable problem. Therefore, an inexact multistage fuzzy-stochastic programming (IMFSP) was developed for regional electric power system management constrained by environmental quality. A model which concluded interval-parameter programming, multistage stochastic programming, and fuzzy probability distribution was built to reflect the uncertain information and dynamic variation in the case study, and the scenarios under different credibility degrees were considered...
October 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987330/physical-activity-and-screen-based-recreation-prevalences-and-trends-over-time-among-adolescents-and-barriers-to-recommended-engagement
#11
Michelle Isabel Jongenelis, Maree Scully, Belinda Morley, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin
Adolescence is a critical time for disengagement from physical activity making young people a priority group for interventions. To determine whether existing initiatives are working in this population segment and help inform future programs, the present study sought to (i) examine prevalences and trends in physical activity and screen-based recreation among Australian adolescents and (ii) identify the barriers to adolescents meeting recommended guidelines. Two cross-sectional representative samples of Western Australian secondary school students aged 12 to 17years were surveyed in 2009-2010 (n=1505) and 2012-2013 (n=1406)...
October 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986958/characterizing-selection-in-black-throated-blue-warblers-using-a-sexual-network-approach
#12
Emily Ra Cramer, Sara A Kaiser, Michael S Webster, T Scott Sillett, T Brandt Ryder
Our understanding of trait evolution is built upon studies that examine the correlation between traits and fitness, most of which implicitly assume all individuals experience similar selective environments. However, accounting for differences in selective pressures, such as variation in the social environment, can advance our understanding of how selection shapes individual traits and subsequent fitness. In this study, we test whether variation in the social environment affects selection on individual phenotype...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985949/emergency-nurses-perceptions-of-efficiency-and-design-examining-ed-structure-process-and-outcomes
#13
Lindsey Fay, Allison Carll-White, Kevin Real
INTRODUCTION: Due to increasing demands, it is imperative for emergency departments to improve efficiency, while providing safe and effective care. Efficient and quality healthcare delivery are impacted by interactions among the emergency department's physical structure, processes, and outcomes. Examining the interrelationship between these three components is essential for assessing quality of care in the ED setting. Studies simultaneously investigating all three aspects of this model are rare...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985326/the-effects-of-captivity-on-the-mammalian-gut-microbiome
#14
Valerie J McKenzie, Se Jin Song, Frédéric Delsuc, Tiffany L Prest, Angela M Oliverio, Timothy M Korpita, Alexandra Alexiev, Katherine R Amato, Jessica L Metcalf, Martin Kowalewski, Nico L Avenant, Andres Link, Anthony Di Fiore, Andaine Seguin-Orlando, Claudia Feh, Ludovic Orlando, Joseph R Mendelson, Jon Sanders, Rob Knight
Recent studies increasingly note the effect of captivity or the built environment on the microbiome of humans and other animals. As symbiotic microbes are essential to many aspects of biology (e.g., digestive and immune functions), it is important to understand how lifestyle differences can impact the microbiome, and, consequently, the health of hosts. Animals living in captivity experience a range of changes that may influence the gut bacteria, such as diet changes, treatments, and reduced contact with other individuals, species and variable environmental substrates that act as sources of bacterial diversity...
August 7, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982077/urban-wild-boars-prefer-fragmented-areas-with-food-resources-near-natural-corridors
#15
Raquel Castillo-Contreras, João Carvalho, Emmanuel Serrano, Gregorio Mentaberre, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom, Carlos González-Crespo, Santiago Lavín, Jorge R López-Olvera
Wild boar populations are expanding throughout the world and intruding into periurban and urban areas. In the last years, wild boar has colonized several European cities, including our study area, the city of Barcelona. It is required to identify the main factors driving wild boar into urban areas prior to establish management measures. We built Boosted Regression Trees (BRT) using 3148 wild boar presences registered in the urban area of Barcelona from 2010 to 2014 to identify the variables correlated with these presences...
October 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980425/investigating-the-healing-mechanisms-of-an-angiogenesis-promoting-topical-treatment-for-diabetic-wounds-using-multimodal-microscopy
#16
Joanne Li, Andrew J Bower, Zane Arp, Eric J Olson, Claire Holland, Eric J Chaney, Marina Marjanovic, Paritosh Pande, Aneesh Alex, Stephen A Boppart
Impaired skin wound healing is a significant co-morbid condition of diabetes that is caused by poor microcirculation, among other factors. Studies have shown that angiogenesis, a critical step in the wound healing process in diabetic wounds, can be promoted under hypoxia. In this study, an angiogenesis-promoting topical treatment for diabetic wounds, which promotes angiogenesis by mimicking a hypoxic environment via inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase resulting in elevation or maintenance of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), was investigated utilizing a custom-built multimodal microscopy system equipped with phase-variance optical coherence tomography (PV-OCT) and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976926/environmental-influences-on-physical-activity-among-rural-adults-in-montana-united-states-views-from-built-environment-audits-resident-focus-groups-and-key-informant-interviews
#17
Brian K Lo, Emily H Morgan, Sara C Folta, Meredith L Graham, Lynn C Paul, Miriam E Nelson, Nicolette V Jew, Laurel F Moffat, Rebecca A Seguin
Rural populations in the United States have lower physical activity levels and are at a higher risk of being overweight and suffering from obesity than their urban counterparts. This paper aimed to understand the environmental factors that influence physical activity among rural adults in Montana. Eight built environment audits, 15 resident focus groups, and 24 key informant interviews were conducted between August and December 2014. Themes were triangulated and summarized into five categories of environmental factors: built, social, organizational, policy, and natural environments...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974226/the-contribution-of-area-level-walkability-to-geographic-variation-in-physical-activity-a-spatial-analysis-of-95-837-participants-from-the-45-and-up-study-living-in-sydney-australia
#18
Darren J Mayne, Geoffrey G Morgan, Bin B Jalaludin, Adrian E Bauman
BACKGROUND: Individual-level studies support a positive relation between walkable built environments and participation in moderate-intensity walking. However, the utility of this evidence for population-level planning is less clear as it is derived at much finer spatial scales than those used for regional programming. The aims of this study were to: evaluate if individual-level relations between walkability and walking to improve health manifest at population-level spatial scales; assess the specificity of area-level walkability for walking relative to other moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA); describe geographic variation in walking and other MVPA; and quantify the contribution of walkability to this variation...
October 3, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973409/creating-healthy-built-environment-legislation-in-australia-a-policy-analysis
#19
Patrick Harris, Jennifer Kent, Peter Sainsbury, Anne Marie-Thow, Fran Baum, Sharon Friel, Peter McCue
Influencing healthy public policy through health advocacy remains challenging. This policy analysis research uses theories of agenda setting to understand how health came to be considered for specific mention in legislation arising from land-use planning system reform in New South Wales, Australia. This qualitative study follows critical realist methodology to conduct a policy analysis of the case. We collected data from purposively sampled in-depth interviews (n = 9), a focus group and documentary analysis...
September 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964505/silk-fiber-for-in-tube-solid-phase-microextraction-to-detect-aldehydes-by-chemical-derivatization
#20
Xiuqin Wang, Lei Pan, Juanjuan Feng, Yu Tian, Chuannan Luo, Min Sun
Aldehydes are the potentially damaging pollutants in the environment, but it is difficult to be determined due to the low concentration level. Therefore, to accurate analysis of aldehydes, it is important for efficient sample preparation with selective enrichment and rapid separation. Environmentally friendly silk fiber as adsorbent material was directly applied to develop in-tube solid-phase microextraction for analyzing aqueous samples combined with high performance liquid chromatography. 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine as a derivative reagent was used for chemical derivatization of aldehydes before extraction...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
keyword
keyword
20138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"