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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#1
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095861/challenges-in-conducting-natural-experiments-in-parks-lessons-from-the-revamp-study
#2
Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, David Crawford, Kate Dullaghan, Alison Carver, Anna Timperio
: Experimental evidence on the role of the built environment for promoting physical activity is important for informing how to create cities that promote active living. Parks provide opportunities for physical activity; however, there is little robust evidence on the impact of park refurbishment. Government agencies often modify parks, providing opportunities for natural experiment studies of these interventions. Such an opportunity was provided by the modification of a large park in Victoria, Australia in 2013 when the Recording and EValuating Activity in a Modified Park (REVAMP) study was established...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086971/characteristics-and-use-of-urban-health-indicator-tools-by-municipal-built-environment-policy-and-decision-makers-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nicole Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson, Michael Davies
BACKGROUND: There is wide agreement that there is a lack of attention to health in municipal environmental policy-making, such as urban planning and regeneration. Explanations for this include differing professional norms between health and urban environment professionals, system complexity and limited evidence for causality between attributes of the built environment and health outcomes. Data from urban health indicator (UHI) tools are potentially a valuable form of evidence for local government policy and decision-makers...
January 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077914/modelling-expertise-at-different-levels-of-granularity-using-semantic-similarity-measures-in-the-context-of-collaborative-knowledge-curation-platforms
#4
Hasti Ziaimatin, Tudor Groza, Tania Tudorache, Jane Hunter
Collaboration platforms provide a dynamic environment where the content is subject to ongoing evolution through expert contributions. The knowledge embedded in such platforms is not static as it evolves through incremental refinements - or micro-contributions. Such refinements provide vast resources of tacit knowledge and experience. In our previous work, we proposed and evaluated a Semantic and Time-dependent Expertise Profiling (STEP) approach for capturing expertise from micro-contributions. In this paper we extend our investigation to structured micro-contributions that emerge from an ontology engineering environment, such as the one built for developing the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) revision 11...
December 2016: Journal of Intelligent Information Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074688/health-and-the-built-environment
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074684/health-and-the-built-environment
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073270/cooperative-molecular-behavior-enhances-the-thermal-conductance-of-binary-self-assembled-monolayer-junctions
#7
Shubhaditya Majumdar, Jonathan A Malen, Alan J H McGaughey
The effect of the local molecular environment on thermal transport through organic-inorganic heterojunctions is investigated using binary self-assembled monolayer (SAM) junctions built from a mixture of alkanethiol and alkanedithiol species sandwiched between gold leads. Thermoreflectance measurements and molecular dynamics simulations demonstrate that the thermal conductances of the binary SAM junctions vary with molecular composition and are greater than predictions of a parallel resistance model. The enhancement results from increased thermal transport through the alkanethiols, whose terminal methyl groups are confined by the anchored alkanedithiols...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071765/neural-codes-of-seeing-architectural-styles
#8
Heeyoung Choo, Jack L Nasar, Bardia Nikrahei, Dirk B Walther
Images of iconic buildings, such as the CN Tower, instantly transport us to specific places, such as Toronto. Despite the substantial impact of architectural design on people's visual experience of built environments, we know little about its neural representation in the human brain. In the present study, we have found patterns of neural activity associated with specific architectural styles in several high-level visual brain regions, but not in primary visual cortex (V1). This finding suggests that the neural correlates of the visual perception of architectural styles stem from style-specific complex visual structure beyond the simple features computed in V1...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069957/global-scenarios-of-urban-density-and-its-impacts-on-building-energy-use-through-2050
#9
Burak Güneralp, Yuyu Zhou, Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Mukesh Gupta, Sha Yu, Pralit L Patel, Michail Fragkias, Xiaoma Li, Karen C Seto
Although the scale of impending urbanization is well-acknowledged, we have a limited understanding of how urban forms will change and what their impact will be on building energy use. Using both top-down and bottom-up approaches and scenarios, we examine building energy use for heating and cooling. Globally, the energy use for heating and cooling by the middle of the century will be between 45 and 59 exajoules per year (corresponding to an increase of 7-40% since 2010). Most of this variability is due to the uncertainty in future urban densities of rapidly growing cities in Asia and particularly China...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062517/firebrowser-an-r-client-to-the-broad-institute-s-firehose-pipeline
#10
Mario Deng, Johannes Brägelmann, Ivan Kryukov, Nuno Saraiva-Agostinho, Sven Perner
With its Firebrowse service (http://firebrowse.org/) the Broad Institute is making large-scale multi-platform omics data analysis results publicly available through a Representational State Transfer (REST) Application Programmable Interface (API). Querying this database through an API client from an arbitrary programming environment is an essential task, allowing other developers and researchers to focus on their analysis and avoid data wrangling. Hence, as a first result, we developed a workflow to automatically generate, test and deploy such clients for rapid response to API changes...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062101/flood-probability-quantification-for-road-infrastructure-data-driven-spatial-statistical-approach-and-case-study-applications
#11
Zahra Kalantari, Marco Cavalli, Carolina Cantone, Stefano Crema, Georgia Destouni
Climate-driven increase in the frequency of extreme hydrological events is expected to impose greater strain on the built environment and major transport infrastructure, such as roads and railways. This study develops a data-driven spatial-statistical approach to quantifying and mapping the probability of flooding at critical road-stream intersection locations, where water flow and sediment transport may accumulate and cause serious road damage. The approach is based on novel integration of key watershed and road characteristics, including also measures of sediment connectivity...
January 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060469/social-determinants-of-health-a-framework-for-studying-cancer-health-disparities-and-minority-participation-in-research
#12
Matthew Asare, Marie Flannery, Charles Kamen
The theory of social determinants of health (SDH) posits that the health of people and communities is affected by social and economic factors (i.e., economic stability, education, neighborhood and built environment, health and health care, and social and community context). These interrelated constructs may negatively affect minority patients’ ability to participate in cancer research. Understanding SDH can help nurse researchers assess and address barriers to research participation, as well as design trials to improve minority patients’ cancer-related health...
2, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052586/modelling-the-effect-of-ph-and-water-activity-in-the-growth-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-isolated-from-corn-silage
#13
V Alonso, L Cavaglieri, A J Ramos, A Torres, S Marin
AIMS: The aim of this work was to use mathematical kinetic modelling to assess the combined effects of aW, pH, O2 availability and temperature onto the growth rate and time to growth of A. fumigatus strains isolated from corn silage. METHODS AND RESULTS: A full factorial design was used in which two factors were assayed: pH and aW . The aW levels assayed were 0.80, 0.85, 0.90, 0.92, 0.94, 0.96, 0.98 and 0.99. Levels of pH assayed were 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 6, 7, 7.5, and 8...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049749/obesity-and-the-built-environment-at-different-urban-scales-examining-the-literature
#14
Andrea Garfinkel-Castro, Keuntae Kim, Shima Hamidi, Reid Ewing
The majority of people now live in an urban (or suburban) environment. The built (material) environment, its vehicular and pedestrian infrastructure, buildings, and public realm places, are the places used for working, living, and recreating. The environment currently favors and facilitates motorized vehicles generally, and private automobiles especially. The prioritization given to vehicles reduces opportunities for other, more active modes of travel such as walking and bicycling. Though the built environment cannot be said to directly affect human obesity, the built environment clearly has a relationship to obesity as a consequence of physical activity...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049454/identifying-mechanisms-for-facilitating-knowledge-to-action-strategies-targeting-the-built-environment
#15
Ghazal S Fazli, Maria I Creatore, Flora I Matheson, Sara Guilcher, Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Heather Manson, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity-related diseases have been on the rise globally resulting in major challenges for health systems and society as a whole. Emerging research in population health suggests that interventions targeting the built environment may help reduce the burden of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, translation of the evidence on the built environment into effective policy and planning changes requires engagement and collaboration between multiple sectors and government agencies for designing neighborhoods that are more conducive to healthy and active living...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048842/su-f-r-18-updates-to-the-computational-environment-for-radiological-research-for-image-analysis
#16
Aditya P Apte, Joseph O Deasy
PURPOSE: To present new tools in CERR for Texture Analysis and Visualization. METHOD: (1) Quantitative Image Analysis: We added the ability to compute Haralick texture features based on local neighbourhood. The Texture features depend on many parameters used in their derivation. For example: (a) directionality, (b) quantization of image, (c) patch-size for the neighborhood, (d) handling of the edge voxels within the region of interest, (e) Averaging co-occurance matrix vs texture features for different directions etc...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040213/quantification-of-carbon-nanotubes-in-different-environmental-matrices-by-a-microwave-induced-heating-method
#17
Yang He, Souhail R Al-Abed, Dionysios D Dionysiou
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been incorporated into numerous consumer products, and have also been employed in various industrial areas because of their extraordinary properties. The large scale production and wide applications of CNTs make their release into the environment a major concern. Therefore, it is crucial to determine the degree of potential CNT contamination in the environment, which requires a sensitive and accurate technique for selectively detecting and quantifying CNTs in environmental matrices...
December 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#18
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033384/synchrony-of-dengue-incidence-in-ho-chi-minh-city-and-bangkok
#19
Cuong Hoang Quoc, Salje Henrik, Rodriguez-Barraquer Isabel, Yoon In-Kyu, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Nguyen Thanh Hung, Ha Manh Tuan, Phan Trong Lan, Bridget Willis, Ananda Nisalak, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Derek A T Cummings, Cameron P Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ho Chi Minh City and Bangkok are highly dengue endemic. The extent to which disease patterns are attributable to local versus regional dynamics remains unclear. To address this gap we compared key transmission parameters across the locations. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used 2003-2009 age-stratified case data to inform catalytic transmission models. Further, we compared the spatial clustering of serotypes within each city. We found that annual case numbers were highly consistent across the two cities (correlation of 0...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032240/impact-of-the-china-healthy-cities-initiative-on-urban-environment
#20
Dahai Yue, Shiman Ruan, Jin Xu, Weiming Zhu, Luyu Zhang, Gang Cheng, Qingyue Meng
The China Healthy Cities initiative, a nationwide public health campaign, has been implemented for 25 years. As "Healthy China 2030" becomes the key national strategy for improving population health, this initiative is an important component. However, the effects of the initiative have not been well studied. This paper aims to explore its impact on urban environment using a multiple time series design. We adopted a stratified and systematic sampling method to choose 15 China healthy cities across the country...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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