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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774962/maternal-regulation-of-the-infant-s-hpa-axis-stress-response-seymour-gig-levine-s-legacy-to-neuroendocrinology
#1
REVIEW
Deborah Suchecki
Thirty years ago, Seymour 'Gig' Levine published a serendipitous, yet, seminal finding on the regulatory role of maternal presence on the corticosterone stress response of neonatal rats, during the developmental period know as stress hyporesponsive period. At the same time, his group of students also studied the stress response of infant monkeys to maternal separation, as a means to understand the stressful nature of disruptions of attachment to the primary caregiver. Gig and his group of students and collaborators, mainly in the USA and the Netherlands, investigated how initial social relationships buffer the stress response of non-human primate and rodent infants...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#2
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765035/efficacy-of-a-respiratory-syncytial-virus-vaccine-candidate-in-a-maternal-immunization-model
#3
Jorge C G Blanco, Lioubov M Pletneva, Lori McGinnes-Cullen, Raymonde O Otoa, Mira C Patel, Lurds R Fernando, Marina S Boukhvalova, Trudy G Morrison
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis in infants. Maternal immunization is an option to increase maternal antibody levels and protect infants from infection. Here we assess the efficacy of virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine candidates containing stabilized pre-fusion (pre-F) or post-fusion (post-F) conformations of the RSV F protein and the attachment RSV G protein in a maternal immunization model using cotton rats. VLP vaccines containing RSV F and G proteins strongly boost pre-existing RSV immunity in dams preventing their perinatal drop in immunity...
May 15, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743373/five-residues-in-the-apical-loop-of-the-respiratory-syncytial-virus-fusion-protein-f-2-subunit-are-critical-for-its-fusion-activity
#4
Stephanie N Hicks, Supranee Chaiwatpongsakorn, Heather M Costello, Jason S McLellan, William Ray, Mark E Peeples
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion (F) protein is a trimeric, membrane-anchored glycoprotein capable of mediating both viral-target cell membrane fusion to initiate infection and cell-cell fusion, even in the absence of the attachment glycoprotein. The F protein is initially expressed in a precursor form, whose functional capabilities are activated by proteolysis at two sites between the F1 and F2 subunits. This cleavage results in expression of the metastable and high-energy prefusion conformation...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727794/educational-videos-for-practitioners-attending-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-workshops-supporting-breastfeeding-positioning-attachment-and-hand-expression-skills-effects-on-knowledge-and-confidence
#5
Louise M Wallace, Yuanying Ma, Li Qian Qiu, Orla M Dunn
UNICEF Baby Friendly Initiative (BFHI) is the global standard for maternity and community services requiring all practitioners to be trained to support mothers in the essential skills of supporting positioning and attachment, and hand expression. These studies aim to rigorously assess knowledge in nurses, midwives, and doctors in these skills, tested before and after watching short videos demonstrating these skills. Practitioners were attending BFHI education, and the video study was additional. In Phase 1 clinicians in England were randomised to one of two videos (practitioner role play or clinical demonstration)...
April 26, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720519/glycan-binding-specificity-and-mechanism-of-human-and-porcine-p-6-p-19-rotavirus-vp8-s
#6
Xiaoman Sun, Dandi Li, Jianxun Qi, Wengang Chai, Luyao Wang, Lihong Wang, Ruchao Peng, Han Wang, Qing Zhang, Lili Pang, Xiangyu Kong, Hong Wang, Miao Jin, George F Gao, Zhaojun Duan
Rotaviruses (RVs), which cause severe gastroenteritis in infants and children, recognize glycan ligands in a genotype-dependent manner via the distal VP8* head of the spike protein VP4. However, the glycan binding mechanisms remain elusive for the P[II] genogroup RVs, including the widely prevalent human RVs (P[8], P[4], and P[6]) and a rare P[19] RV. In this study, we characterized the glycan binding specificity of human and porcine P[6]/P[19] RV VP8* and found that the P[II] genogroup RV VP8*s could commonly interact with mucin core 2 which may play an important role in the RV evolution and cross-species transmission...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716433/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-its-association-with-attachment-the-case-of-arab-infants-and-mothers-in-israel
#7
Gubair Tarabeh, Ghadir Zreik, David Oppenheim, Avi Sagi-Schwartz, Nina Koren-Karie
We examined the association between maternal Mind-Mindedness (MM) and secure attachment in an Arab sample in Israel. Seventy-six infant-mother dyads were observed during free play to assess maternal MM and in the Strange Situation Procedure to assess attachment. Mothers of secure infants were hypothesized to use more appropriate and fewer non-attuned mind-related comments than mothers of insecure infants. The results showed that mothers of secure infants used more appropriate mind-related comments than mothers of disorganized infants, with no significant differences compared to mothers of ambivalent infants...
May 2, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706299/parent-and-nurse-satisfaction-using-pacidose%C3%A2-oral-medication-delivery-device-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-pilot-study
#8
Kurt Hansen, Lisa Yee, Jumie Lee, Timothy Horeczko, Mohsen Saidinejad, Patricia S Padlipsky, Marianne Gausche-Hill, David A Tanen
PURPOSE: Administering oral medication to infants is challenging for caregivers, often resulting in incomplete delivery of the intended dose. Pacidose® is an oral medication delivery device that consists of a syringe attached to a tunneled pacifier. This study aimed to determine caregiver and nurse satisfaction and success rate of the Pacidose in the administration of acetaminophen to infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective trial involving a convenience sample of patients who presented to a pediatric ED between November 2015 and August 2016...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705725/do-cash-transfer-programmes-yield-better-health-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-systematic-review-linking-low-income-middle-income-and-high-income-contexts
#9
REVIEW
Arjumand Siddiqi, Akshay Rajaram, Steven P Miller
INTRODUCTION: Decades of research unequivocally demonstrates that no matter the society, socioeconomic resources are perhaps the most fundamental determinants of health throughout the life course, including during its very earliest stages. As a result, societies have implemented 'cash transfer' programmes, whichprovide income supplementation to reduce socioeconomic disadvantage among the poorest families with young children. Despite this being a common approach of societies around the world, research on effects of these programmes in low-income/middle-income countries, and those in high-income countries has been conducted as if they are entirely distinct phenomena...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698012/reconsidering-the-links-between-sibship-size-maternal-sensitivity-and-child-attachment-a-multidimensional-interactive-approach
#10
Annie Bernier, Raphaële Miljkovitch, George M Tarabulsy, Marie-Soleil Sirois, Heidi N Bailey
Despite being a well-documented predictor of children's cognitive and social development, sibship has received remarkably little attention in the attachment and maternal sensitivity literature. The only study that has examined both sensitivity and attachment in relation to sibship found greater maternal sensitivity but no more secure attachment among first-born infants. In the current study, we sought to examine the same links while testing two related hypotheses: that sibship size relates only to some specific aspects of sensitivity, and that sibship size relates to sensitivity only among certain mothers, namely those who are at risk for suboptimal parenting because of an insecure attachment state of mind...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688857/less-invasive-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#11
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Cornelia Wiechers, Jörg Arand, Wolfgang Buchenau, Margit Bacher, Michael Krimmel, Siegmar Reinert, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants and children with syndromic craniosynostosis (SCS), such as Apert-, Crouzon- or Pfeiffer syndrome, are prone to sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive sleep apnea and upper airway resistance syndrome (OSAS, UARS), potentially leading to tracheostomy. We modified the Tübingen Palatal Plate (TPP), an oral appliance with a velar extension effectively treating airway obstruction in Robin sequence, by attaching a tube to its velar extension to bridge the narrow pharyngeal airway in SCS patients...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684798/clinging-to-closeness-the-parental-view-on-developing-a-close-bond-with-their-infants-in-a-nicu
#12
Heli Mäkelä, Anna Axelin, Nancy Feeley, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén
OBJECTIVE: To identify and understand how parents develop a close bond to their infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study; closeness and separation stories recorded in a smartphone application by the parents were analyzed using thematic analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three parents of nineteen infants who were taken care of in a level III NICU in Finland. FINDINGS: Bonding moments and a disrupted dyadic parent-infant relationship continuously alternated as in a rollercoaster ride during the hospital stay...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674985/dog-owner-attachment-is-associated-with-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-both-parties-a-comparative-study-on-austrian-and-hungarian-border-collies
#13
Krisztina Kovács, Zsófia Virányi, Anna Kis, Borbála Turcsán, Ágnes Hudecz, Maria T Marmota, Dóra Koller, Zsolt Rónai, Márta Gácsi, József Topál
Variations in human infants' attachment behavior are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, suggesting a genetic component to infant-mother attachment. However, due to the genetic relatedness of infants and their mothers, it is difficult to separate the genetic effects of infants' OXTR genotype from the environmental effects of mothers' genotype possibly affecting their parental behavior. The apparent functional analogy between child-parent and dog-owner relationship, however, offers a way to disentangle the effects of these factors because pet dogs are not genetically related to their caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673618/association-between-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-and-mother-infant-attachment-disorganization-moderation-by-maternal-oxytocin-receptor-gene-and-cortisol-secretion
#14
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, James Kennedy, Mario Masellis, Paul Meinz, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal oxytocin receptor (OXTR, rs53576) genotype and cortisol secretion as moderators of the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment history and disorganized mother-infant attachment in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). A community sample of 314 mother-infant dyads completed the SSP at infant age 17 months. Self-reported maltreatment history more strongly predicted mother-infant attachment disorganization score and disorganized classification for mothers with more plasticity alleles of OXTR (G), relative to mothers with fewer plasticity alleles...
April 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671253/novel-methods-for-screening-contributions-from-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up
#15
E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Heather A Yarger, Mary Dozier
Preventative interventions are needed across the lifespan, including for children who have experienced maltreatment. However, interventions' effect sizes are typically smaller in real-world settings than in clinical trials. Identifying providers who are likely to implement interventions with fidelity could promote implementation outcomes through targeted allocation of training resources. This study tested two pre-training screening measures as predictors of provider fidelity to Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), a preventative intervention for maltreated infants...
April 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668684/pet-dogs-behavior-when-the-owner-and-an-unfamiliar-person-attend-to-a-faux-rival
#16
Emanuela Prato-Previde, Velia Nicotra, Annalisa Pelosi, Paola Valsecchi
While dog owners ascribe different emotions to their pets, including jealousy, research on secondary emotions in nonhuman animals is very limited and, so far, only one study has investigated jealousy in dogs (Canis familiaris). This work explores jealousy in dogs one step further. We conducted two studies adapting a procedure devised to assess jealousy in human infants. In each study 36 adult dogs were exposed to a situation in which their owner and a stranger ignored them while directing positive attention towards three different objects: a book, a puppet and a fake dog (Study 1: furry; Study 2: plastic)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621266/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-motivators-of-attachment-under-active-inference
#17
David Cittern, Tobias Nolte, Karl Friston, Abbas Edalat
This paper addresses the formation of infant attachment types within the context of active inference: a holistic account of action, perception and learning in the brain. We show how the organised forms of attachment (secure, avoidant and ambivalent) might arise in (Bayesian) infants. Specifically, we show that these distinct forms of attachment emerge from a minimisation of free energy-over interoceptive states relating to internal stress levels-when seeking proximity to caregivers who have a varying impact on these interoceptive states...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619393/a-comparative-study-of-maternal-neonate-abdominal-and-kangaroo-skin-to-skin-skin-contact-immediately-after-birth-on-maternal-attachment-behaviors-up-to-2-months
#18
Mohadse Adeli, Maryam Aradmehr
BACKGROUND: Early skin-to-skin maternal-neonate contact during the 1st h following birth prepares both mother and baby to establish a two-way, interactive pattern of interaction. There are few studies on the use of kangaroo care method in term infants and maternal postpartum behavior. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare abdominal and kangaroo skin contact on maternal attachment behaviors. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 68 eligible pregnant women in Torbat Heydariyeh in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606185/developing-a-neurobehavioral-animal-model-of-poverty-drawing-cross-species-connections-between-environments-of-scarcity-adversity-parenting-quality-and-infant-outcome
#19
Rosemarie E Perry, Eric D Finegood, Stephen H Braren, Meriah L Dejoseph, David F Putrino, Donald A Wilson, Regina M Sullivan, C Cybele Raver, Clancy Blair
Children reared in impoverished environments are at risk for enduring psychological and physical health problems. Mechanisms by which poverty affects development, however, remain unclear. To explore one potential mechanism of poverty's impact on social-emotional and cognitive development, an experimental examination of a rodent model of scarcity-adversity was conducted and compared to results from a longitudinal study of human infants and families followed from birth (N = 1,292) who faced high levels of poverty-related scarcity-adversity...
April 2, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584489/trends-in-child-passenger-safety-practices-in-indiana-from-2009-to-2015
#20
Joseph O'Neil, Marilyn J Bull, Judith Talty
OBJECTIVE: This study reviews trends in rear-facing direction, top tether use, booster seat use, and seating position for children 12 years or younger among motor vehicle passengers in Indiana. METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional survey of drivers transporting children 15 years and younger collected at 25 convenience locations randomly selected in Indiana during summers of 2009-2015. Observations were conducted by certified child passenger safety technicians (CPST)...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
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