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Infant attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344932/mothers-early-mind-mindedness-predicts-educational-attainment-in-socially-and-economically-disadvantaged-british-children
#1
Elizabeth Meins, Charles Fernyhough, Luna C M Centifanti
Relations between mothers' mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) at 8 months (N = 206), and children's educational attainment at ages 7 (n = 158) and 11 (n = 156) were investigated in a British sample. Appropriate mind-related comments were positively correlated with reading and mathematics performance at both ages but only in the low-socioeconomic status (SES) group. Path analyses showed that in the low-SES group, appropriate mind-related comments directly predicted age-11 reading performance, with age-4 verbal ability mediating the relation between appropriate mind-related comments and age-7 reading...
January 18, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314076/disorganization-fear-and-attachment-working-towards%C3%A2-clarification
#2
Robbie Duschinsky
In 1990, M. Main and J. Solomon introduced the procedures for coding a new "disorganized" infant attachment classification for the Ainsworth Strange Situation procedure (M.D.S. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, & S. Wall, 1978). This classification has received a high degree of interest, both from researchers and from child welfare and clinical practitioners. Disorganized attachment has primarily been understood through the lens of E. Hesse and M. Main's concept of "fright without solution," taken to mean that an infant experiences a conflict between a desire to approach and flee from a frightening parent when confronted by the Strange Situation...
January 4, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304347/effects-of-maternal-depression-in-the-still-face-paradigm-a-meta-analysis
#3
Katharine A Graham, Jacqueline Blissett, Evangelia E Antoniou, Maurice P Zeegers, Joseph P McCleery
The Still-Face Paradigm (SFP) enables researchers to examine the quality of mother-infant interactions. In typical infants, a classic still-face effect (SFE) has been confirmed whereby infants demonstrate reduced positive affect (PA), reduced gaze (GA), and increased negative affect (NA). Recently, the SFP has been used to examine the effect of maternal depression upon infant behaviour. However, the nature and consistency of the behavioural responses of infants of depressed mothers during the SFP remains unclear...
January 2, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281747/understanding-the-connection-between-attachment-trauma-and-maternal-self-efficacy-in-depressed-mothers
#4
Natalie Brazeau, Samantha Reisz, Deborah Jacobvitz, Carol George
Maternal self-efficacy predicts sensitive and responsive caregiving. Low maternal self-efficacy is associated with a higher incidence of postpartum depression. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression can both be buffered by social support. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression have both been linked independently, albeit in separate studies, to the experience of violent trauma, childhood maltreatment, and spousal abuse. This study proposed a model in which postpartum depression mediates the relation between attachment trauma and maternal self-efficacy, with emotional support as a moderator...
December 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248019/refining-the-assessment-of-disrupted-maternal-communication-using-item-response-models-to-identify-central-indicators-of-disrupted-behavior
#5
John D Haltigan, Sheri Madigan, Elisa Bronfman, Heidi N Bailey, Catherine Borland-Kerr, Roger Mills-Koonce, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
The Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification (AMBIANCE; Bronfman, Madigan, & Lyons-Ruth, 2009-2014; Bronfman, Parsons, & Lyons-Ruth, 1992-2004) is a widely used and well-validated measure for assessing disrupted forms of caregiver responsiveness within parent-child interactions. However, it requires evaluating approximately 150 behavioral items from videotape and extensive training to code, thus making its use impractical in most clinical contexts. Accordingly, the primary aim of the current study was to identify a reduced set of behavioral indicators most central to the AMBIANCE coding system using latent-trait item response theory (IRT) models...
December 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244628/the-neurobiology-of-attachment-from-infancy-to-clinical-outcomes
#6
Joanna Chambers
Attachment theory was developed by John Bowlby in the 1950s. He defined attachment as a specific neurobiological system that resulted in the infant connecting to the primary caretaker in such a way to create an inner working model of relationships that continues throughout life and affects the future mental health and physical health of the infant. Given the significance of this inner working model, there has been a tremendous amount of research done in animals as well as humans to better understand the neurobiology...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244627/attachment-in-the-psychiatric-curriculum
#7
Jeffrey Katzman, Anilla Del Fabbro
Psychiatric trainees are expected to learn the fundamental concepts of psychodynamic psychotherapy, but they often struggle to understand and appreciate the relevance of this work. An introduction to attachment theory can go a long way toward assisting our trainees in understanding the relevance of psychodynamic psychiatry. To help programs develop this component of their curriculum, we summarize the history of the development of the attachment paradigm including the Strange Situation and Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), useful tools to teach these concepts, as well as ramifications of this work...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244623/attachment-figure-s-regulation-of-infant-brain-and-behavior
#8
Regina M Sullivan
Altricial infants (i.e., requiring parental care for survival), such as humans and rats, form an attachment to their caregiver and receive the nurturing and protections needed for survival. Learning has a strong role in attachment, as is illustrated by strong attachment formed to non-biological caregivers of either sex. Here we summarize and integrate results from animal and human infant attachment research that highlights the important role of social buffering (social presence) of the stress response by the attachment figure and its effect on infant processing of threat and fear through modulation of the amygdala...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#9
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226463/which-limb-is-it-responses-to-vibrotactile-stimulation-in-early-infancy
#10
Eszter Somogyi, Lisa Jacquey, Tobias Heed, Matej Hoffmann, Jeffrey J Lockman, Lionel Granjon, Jacqueline Fagard, J Kevin O'Regan
This study focuses on how the body schema develops during the first months of life, by investigating infants' motor responses to localized vibrotactile stimulation on their limbs. Vibrotactile stimulation was provided by small buzzers that were attached to the infants' four limbs one at a time. Four age groups were compared cross-sectionally (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-month-olds). We show that before they actually reach for the buzzer, which, according to previous studies, occurs around 7-8 months of age, infants demonstrate emerging knowledge about their body's configuration by producing specific movement patterns associated with the stimulated body area...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#11
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172815/-modelling-a-secure-base-for-women-with-complex-needs-attachment-based-interventions-used-by-perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-clinicians
#12
Karen A Myors, Michelle Cleary, Maree Johnson, Virginia Schmied
Infant well-being is intrinsically linked to maternal physical and emotional well-being. Internationally health services have implemented policies to identify women at risk of mental health problems and developed effective care pathways. The aim of this paper is to describe how perinatal and infant mental health clinicians perceive their role and the attachment-based interventions they use in their work. The study comes from a larger mixed methods study, which examined two specialist perinatal and infant mental health services in New South Wales (Australia)...
November 27, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172238/women-who-had-positive-relationships-with-their-own-mothers-reported-good-attachments-to-their-first-child-before-and-after-birth
#13
Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti
AIM: Bowlby's attachment intergenerational transmission theory suggests that a woman's attachment to her parents, particularly her mother, plays an important role in her future parenting. We studied whether there was any association between pregnant women's attachment to their baby before and after birth and their relationships with their mothers. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in 2015 on 201 first-time mothers recruited in the maternity ward of the level two Misericordia e Dolce Hospital in Prato, Italy...
November 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154587/attentional-avoidance-of-emotional-stimuli-in-postpartum-women-with-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-difficulties-with-emotion-regulation
#14
Gillian England-Mason, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Geoffrey B Hall, Andrea Gonzalez
Child abuse and neglect can lead to difficulties regulating responses to threatening and emotional situations. Exposure to childhood maltreatment has been linked to conflicting findings of both attention biases toward and away from threat-related information. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether emotion regulation moderated the association between history of childhood maltreatment and attention bias in a sample of postpartum women. One hundred forty women participated in the study at 7 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#15
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149620/the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-birth-weight-maternal-depression-maternal-attention-and-the-prediction-of-disorganized-attachment-at-36-months-of-age-a-prospective-gene%C3%A3-environment-analysis
#16
Justin Graffi, Ellen Moss, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Gal Moss, Vanessa Lecompte, Katherine Pascuzzo, Vanessa Babineau, Cathryn Gordon-Green, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Klaus Minde, Roberto Sassi, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Helene Gaudreau, Robert Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Ashley Wazana
BACKGROUND: Efforts to understand the developmental pathways for disorganized attachment reflect the importance of disorganized attachment on the prediction of future psychopathology. The inconsistent findings on the prediction of disorganized attachment from the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene, birth weight, and maternal depression as well as the evidence supporting the contribution of early maternal care, suggest the importance of exploring a gene by environment model. METHODS: Our sample is from the Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability, and Neurodevelopment project; consisting of 655 mother-child dyads...
November 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143536/time-for-a-new-zeitgeist-in-perinatal-mental-health
#17
Fiona Judd, Louise Kathryn Newman, Angela A Komiti
Perinatal depression, and to a lesser extent anxiety, has been the focus of interest for perinatal psychiatrists for several decades. Policy and substantial funding has supported this. We argue that it is now time to change this focus and to invest greater funding to support clinical and research effort in 'high-risk' caregivers and their infants. We define high-risk caregivers as those who are likely to have attachment and relationship difficulties with their infant as a result of their own developmental experiences, personality difficulties and/or trauma-related mental disorders, often complicated by substance abuse, depression and anxiety...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135364/mothers-neural-and-behavioral-responses-to-their-infants-distress-cues-the-role-of-secure-base-script-knowledge
#18
Ashley M Groh, Katherine C Haydon
This research examined mothers' secure base script knowledge-reflected in the ability to generate narratives in which attachment-relevant problems are recognized, competent help is offered, and problems are resolved-and its significance for early-stage processing of infants' distress cues, using event-related potentials in an emotion oddball task. Mothers with lower secure base script knowledge exhibited (a) a heightened P3b response-reflective of greater allocation of cognitive resources-to their infants' distressed (but not happy) target facial expressions; (b) a larger P3b response to their infants' distressed (compared with happy) target facial expressions, which is indicative of allocating disproportional attentional resources to processing their infants' distress; and (c) poorer accuracy in identifying their infants' distressed target facial expressions...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132489/auto-amputated-ovary-presenting-as-abdominal-mass-in-an-infant
#19
Naeem Liaqat, Sajid Hameed Dar, Asif Sandhu, Nayyar Iqbal, Ejaz Ahmed, Sajid Iqbal Nayyar
Among female infants, a mass in the abdomen carries a large number of differential diagnoses. Arelatively uncommon condition is ovarian cyst, which may be encountered among such patients. Even more rare condition is auto-amputation of ovary. We herein, present a case of a female infant who presented as abdominal mass and turned out to be autoamputation of right ovary attached to mesentery of intestine. It was excised successfully and the patient is doing well at 3 years follow-up.
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105008/impact-of-postpartum-mental-illness-upon-infant-development
#20
REVIEW
Casey Hoffman, Dena M Dunn, Wanjiku F M Njoroge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the state of the research regarding the effects of postpartum mental illness on the developing infant. It defines the scope of these disorders in the literature, and includes the impact of disorders referred to as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) on infants. RECENT FINDINGS: New research reveals that PMADs apply to not only mothers, but that fathers can also experience perinatal depression and anxiety. When untreated in a primary caregiver, PMADs adversely affect parental cognitions and beliefs, attachment to the infant, and the growing caregiver-infant relationship...
November 6, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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