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Firoj Ali, Sukdeb Saha, Arunava Maity, Nandaraj Taye, Mrinal Kanti Si, E Suresh, Bishwajit Ganguly, Samit Chattopadhyay, Amitava Das
A new rhodamine-based reagent (L1), trapped inside the micellar structure of biologically benign Triton-X 100, could be used for specific recognition of Cr(III) in aqueous buffer medium having physiological pH. This visible light excitable reagent on selective binding to Cr(III) resulted in a strong fluorescence turn-on response with a maximum at ∼583 nm and tail of that luminescence band extended until 650 nm, an optical response that is desired for avoiding the cellular autofluorescence. Interference studies confirm that other metal ions do not interfere with the detection process of Cr(III) in aqueous buffer medium having pH 7...
October 15, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Qiong Nian, Mojib Saei, Yang Xu, Ganguli Sabyasachi, Biwei Deng, Yong P Chen, Gary J Cheng
Optoelectronic performance of metal nanowire networks are dominated by junction microstructure and network configuration. Although metal nanowire printings, such as silver nanowires (AgNWs) or AgNWs/semiconductor oxide bilayer, have great potential to replace traditional ITO, efficient and selective nanoscale integration of nanowires is still challenging owing to high cross nanowire junction resistance. Herein, pulsed laser irradiation under controlled conditions is used to generate local crystalline nanojoining of AgNWs without affecting other regions of the network, resulting in significantly improved optoelectronic performance...
October 27, 2015: ACS Nano
Jin Zheng, Jiangying Peng, Zhexin Zheng, Menghan Zhou, Emily Thompson, Junyou Yang, Wanli Xiao
Nanocomposites are becoming a new paradigm in thermoelectric study: by incorporating nanophase(s) into a bulk matrix, a nanocomposite often exhibits unusual thermoelectric properties beyond its constituent phases. To date most nanophases are binary, while reports on ternary nanoinclusions are scarce. In this work, we conducted an exploratory study of introducing ternary (Ag2Te)x(Sb2Te3)1-x inclusions in the host matrix of Yb0.25Co4Sb12. Yb0.25Co4Sb12-4wt% (Ag2Te)x(Sb2Te3)1-x nanocomposites were prepared by a melting-milling-hot-pressing process...
2015: Frontiers in Chemistry
Yangwei Deng, Tao Zou, Xinfeng Tao, Vincent Semetey, Sylvain Trepout, Sergio Marco, Jun Ling, Min-Hui Li
Biocompatible amphiphilic block copolymers composed of polysarcosine (PSar) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were synthesized using ring-opening polymerization of sarcosine N-thiocarboxyanhydride initiated by oxyamine-ended PCL and characterized by NMR, SEC, and DSC. Self-assembling of two triblock copolymers PSar8-b-PCL28-b-PSar8 (CS7) and PSar16-b-PCL40-b-PSar16 (CS10) in dilute solution was studied in detail toward polymersome formation using thin-film hydration and nanoprecipitation techniques. A few giant vesicles were obtained by thin-film hydration from both copolymers and visualized by confocal laser scanning microscope...
October 12, 2015: Biomacromolecules
Li Liu, Daizhi Yang, Yan Zhang, Shuo Lin, Xueying Zheng, Shaoda Lin, Lishu Chen, Xiuwei Zhang, Lu Li, Ganxiong Liang, Bin Yao, Jinhua Yan, Jianping Weng
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic control is a great challenge in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). There is limited data concerning glycaemic control among adults with T1DM. We used data from the Guangdong T1DM Translational Medicine Study to evaluate glycaemic control and its associated factors in Chinese adults with T1DM. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 827 participants who were 18 years of age or older and had been living with T1DM for at least 1 year...
November 2015: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Xing-Xing Shen, Dan Liang, Meng-Yun Chen, Rong-Li Mao, David B Wake, Peng Zhang
Deep phylogenetic relationships of the largest salamander family Plethodontidae have been difficult to resolve, probably reflecting a rapid diversification early in their evolutionary history. Here, data from 50 independent nuclear markers (total 48,582 bp) are used to reconstruct the phylogeny and divergence times for plethodontid salamanders, using both concatenation and coalescence-based species tree analyses. Our results robustly resolve the position of the enigmatic eastern North American four-toed salamander (Hemidactylium) as the sister taxon of Batrachoseps + Tribe Bolitoglossini, thus settling a long-standing question...
January 2016: Systematic Biology
Sheila A Kitchen, Camerron M Crowder, Angela Z Poole, Virginia M Weis, Eli Meyer
Many nonmodel species exemplify important biological questions but lack the sequence resources required to study the genes and genomic regions underlying traits of interest. Reef-building corals are famously sensitive to rising seawater temperatures, motivating ongoing research into their stress responses and long-term prospects in a changing climate. A comprehensive understanding of these processes will require extending beyond the sequenced coral genome (Acropora digitifera) to encompass diverse coral species and related anthozoans...
November 2015: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Asuka Sasaki, Shigeki Arawaka, Hiroyasu Sato, Takeo Kato
α-Synuclein deposited in Lewy bodies, a pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD), is highly phosphorylated at serine 129 (Ser129). In contrast, there is very little Ser129-phosphorylated α-synuclein in the normal brains. This difference suggests that Ser129-phosphorylation is involved in neurodegenerative processes of PD. However, the role of this modification remains unclear. One limiting factor for relevant biochemical analyses is that it is difficult to detect endogenous Ser129-phosphorylated α-synuclein by western blotting, because α-synuclein monomers detached from the transferred membrane during incubation...
2015: Scientific Reports
A I Sánchez-Soto, G I Saavedra-González, J E Ibarra, R Salcedo-Hernández, J E Barboza-Corona, M C Del Rincón-Castro
UNLABELLED: The insecticidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis is owing to the action of Cry and Cyt proteins. In addition to the synthesis of insecticidal proteins, some strains are able to synthesize β-exotoxin, which is highly toxic to humans. In this regard, it is very important to have a simple method to detect β-exotoxin to avoid the commercial production of this type of strains. In this work, we developed a simple and fast method, using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to detect indirectly the synthesis of β-exotoxin by B...
December 2015: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Jianda Ji, Rui Zhang, Nianzhi Jiao
The Roseophages, a group of marine viruses that uniquely infect the Roseobacter clade of bacteria, play a significant role in marine ecosystems. Here we present a complete genomic sequence of an N4 phage 'vB_DshP-R1', which infects Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL12, together with its structural and genomic features. vB_DshP-R1 has an ~ 75 nm diameter icosahedral structure and a complete genome of 75,028 bp. This is the first genome sequence of a lytic phage of the genus Dinoroseobacter.
2015: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Clemens Glombitza, Marion Jaussi, Hans Røy, Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz, Bente A Lomstein, Bo B Jørgensen
Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are key intermediates in the anaerobic mineralization of organic matter in marine sediments. We studied the role of VFAs in the carbon and energy turnover in the sulfate reduction zone of sediments from the sub-arctic Godthåbsfjord (SW Greenland) and the adjacent continental shelf in the NE Labrador Sea. VFA porewater concentrations were measured by a new two-dimensional ion chromatography-mass spectrometry method that enabled the direct analysis of VFAs without sample pretreatment...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
Hui-Wen Lin, Korneel Rabaey, Jürg Keller, Zhiguo Yuan, Ilje Pikaar
Caustic shock-loading and oxygen injection are commonly used by the water industry for biofilm and sulfide control in sewers. Caustic can be produced onsite from wastewater using a two-compartment electrochemical cell. This avoids the need for import and storage of caustic soda, which typically represents a cost and a hazard. An issue limiting the practical implementation of this approach is the occurrence of membrane scaling due to the almost universal presence of Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) in wastewater. It results in a rapid increase in the cell voltage, thereby increasing the energy consumption of the system...
October 6, 2015: Environmental Science & Technology
Vladimir B Seplyarskiy, Georgii A Bazykin, Ruslan A Soldatov
Replication timing is an important determinant of germline mutation patterns, with a higher rate of point mutations in late replicating regions. Mechanisms underlying this association remain elusive. One of the suggested explanations is the activity of error-prone DNA polymerases in late-replicating regions. Polymerase zeta (pol ζ), an essential error-prone polymerase biased toward transversions, also has a tendency to produce dinucleotide mutations (DNMs), complex mutational events that simultaneously affect two adjacent nucleotides...
December 2015: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Shu-Hua Chen, David H Russell
The reaction of cadmium-binding human metallothionein-2A (Cd₇MT) and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) is investigated by electrospray ionization-ion mobility-mass spectrometry (ESI IM-MS). MS provides a direct measure of the distribution of the kinetic intermediates as the reaction proceeds and provides new insights into the relative kinetic stability of the individual metal-thiolate bonds in Cd₇MT. The rate constants for the various metal-retaining intermediates (Cd(i), intermediate with i Cd²⁺ ions attached) differ by >3 orders of magnitude: Cd₄< Cd₃< Cd₂< Cd₁∼ Cd₆ < Cd₇ < Cd5...
October 6, 2015: Biochemistry
Thomas J G Skalski, Benjamin Britton, Timothy J Peckham, Steven Holdcroft
We report the synthesis and molecular characterization of structurally defined, sulfo-phenylated, oligo- and polyphenylenes that incorporate a novel tetra-sulfonic acid bistetracyclone monomer. The utility of this monomer in the [4 + 2] Diels-Alder cycloaddition to produce well-defined, sulfonated oligophenylenes and pre-functionalized polyphenylene homopolymers is demonstrated. Characterization of the oligophenylenes indicates formation of the meta-meta and para-para adducts in a ∼ 1:1 ratio. These functionalized monomers and their subsequent coupling provide a route to prepare novel, sterically encumbered, sulfonated polyphenylenes possessing unprecedented structural control...
September 30, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Alicia N Massa, Norma C Manrique-Carpintero, Joseph J Coombs, Daniel G Zarka, Anne E Boone, William W Kirk, Christine A Hackett, Glenn J Bryan, David S Douches
The objective of this study was to construct a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genetic map at the cultivated tetraploid level to locate quantitative trait loci (QTL) contributing to economically important traits in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). The 156 F1 progeny and parents of a cross (MSL603) between "Jacqueline Lee" and "MSG227-2" were genotyped using the Infinium 8303 Potato Array. Furthermore, the progeny and parents were evaluated for foliar late blight reaction to isolates of the US-8 genotype of Phytophthora infestans (Mont...
November 2015: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Runze Yu, Hajime Hojo, Tetsu Watanuki, Masaichiro Mizumaki, Takashi Mizokawa, Kengo Oka, Hyunjeong Kim, Akihiko Machida, Kouji Sakaki, Yumiko Nakamura, Akane Agui, Daisuke Mori, Yoshiyuki Inaguma, Martin Schlipf, Konstantin Z Rushchanskii, Marjana Ležaić, Masaaki Matsuda, Jie Ma, Stuart Calder, Masahiko Isobe, Yuichi Ikuhara, Masaki Azuma
A metal to insulator transition in integer or half integer charge systems can be regarded as crystallization of charges. The insulating state tends to have a glassy nature when randomness or geometrical frustration exists. We report that the charge glass state is realized in a perovskite compound PbCrO3, which has been known for almost 50 years, without any obvious inhomogeneity or triangular arrangement in the charge system. PbCrO3 has a valence state of Pb(2+)(0.5)Pb(4+)(0.5)Cr(3+)O3 with Pb(2+)-Pb(4+) correlation length of three lattice-spacings at ambient condition...
October 7, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Daobing Wang, Qiding Zhong, Guohui Li, Zhanbin Huang
This paper demonstrates the first successful application of an online pyrolysis technique for the direct determination of oxygen isotope ratios (δ(18)O) of water in alcoholic beverages. Similar water concentrations in each sample were achieved by adjustment with absolute ethyl alcohol, and then a fixed GC split ratio can be used. All of the organic ingredients were successfully separated from the analyte on a CP-PoraBond Q column and subsequently vented out, whereas water molecules were transferred into the reaction furnace and converted to CO...
October 28, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Timothy Leshuk, Harish Krishnakumar, Frank Gu
A new method is presented for the synthesis of monodisperse, size-tunable Fe3O4 spherical nanocluster particles through a simple, one-step hydrothermal reaction, according to a kinetics-controlled self-assembly process of smaller nanocrystals into hierarchical mesoporous aggregates. The mean diameter of the particles can be controlled over a broad range up to ~230 nm by simply varying the concentration of the precipitating reagent (urea or ammonia). The particles can be easily dispersed in water with excellent colloidal stability, exhibit a high surface area of ~ 60 m2 g(-1), and demonstrate size-dependent magnetic separation kinetics, where the larger nanoclusters exhibit rapid magnetophoresis, and the smaller nanoclusters remain inseparable...
July 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Gumhye Jeon, Jinmu Jung, Seunghyun Lee, Keum-Yong Seong, Dae Youn Hwang, Hyeog Soong Kwon, Byoung Chul Kim, Joo Man Kim, Jin Kon Kim, Seung Yun Yang
We report a facile method to fabricate free-standing polyimide (PI) nanotips on substrates by using plasma treatment with oxygen gas. The PI nanotips were prepared from the self-organization of unetchable materials deposited on a PI film during the plasma treatment. This approach provides a single-step process for the preparation of polymer nanotips in a large area (>inch scale). Furthermore, a selective patterning of the PI nanotips in a specific area was achieved by using a shadow mask. Due to excellent thermal resistance of PI, the PI nanotips maintained structural integrity at high temperature (~ 300 °C)...
July 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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