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Deglutition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902844/-the-impact-of-arousal-on-sleep-related-deglutition-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#1
Y R Li, X Ding, C Y Wang, D M Han
Objective: To investigate the sleep-related deglutition in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its correlation with sleep stage and cortical arousals. Methods: From December 2015 to September 2017, simultaneous polysomnography and pharyngeal pressure monitoring were performed in 23 adult patients with OSAHS, Mann-Whitney U test were employed to analyze the following parameters: (1) the relationship between arousal and deglutition; (2) the effect of sleep stage on deglutition; (3) The relationship between the frequency of deglutition and the severity of OSAHS...
June 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898054/oropharyngeal-deglutition-nutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-chronic-pulmonary-disease
#2
Diéllen Albanio Wegner, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Adriane Schmidt Pasqualoto, Renata Mancopes
PURPOSE: Describe efficacy and safety of deglutition, nutritional risk, and quality of life in deglutition, and associate nutritional risk with quality of life in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease. METHODS: The participants were 17 individuals with chronic pulmonary disease evaluated using the following instruments: Volume-Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST), Quality of Life in Swallowing Disorders (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and body mass index (BMI)...
June 11, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886857/nutrient-sensing-taste-and-feed-intake-in-avian-species
#3
Shahram Niknafs, Eugeni Roura
The anatomical structure and function of beaks, bills and tongue together with the mechanics of deglutition in birds have contributed to the development of a taste system denuded of macrostructures visible to the human naked eye. Studies in chickens and other birds have revealed that the avian taste system consists of taste buds not clustered in papillae and located mainly (60 %) in the upper palate hidden in the crevasses of the salivary ducts. That explains the long delay in the understanding of the avian taste system...
June 11, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882353/influence-of-dental-factors-on-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-among-recipients-of-long-term-care
#4
Cassiane Wigner Brochier, Fernando Neves Hugo, Rafaela Soares Rech, Alexandre Baumgarten, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the association of the sociodemographic, behavioural variables and the oral conditions with the presence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in long-term care older persons. BACKGROUND: Due to the influence of ageing, swallowing may be altered both in people with natural teeth and in those who have dentures or tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 115 individuals older than 60 years, living in long-term care institutions of the State of Rio Grande do Sul in 2016...
June 7, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876189/a-novel-laryngeal-preservation-technique-following-total-glossectomy-with-hyoid-bone-resection
#5
Koreyuki Kurosawa, Takayuki Imai, Ko Matsumoto, Yukinori Asada, Kengo Katoh, Kazuto Matsuura, Takahiro Goto
Despite the recent progress of chemotherapy and sophisticated radiotherapy, surgery still remains the most reliable treatment for advanced tongue cancers in terms of survival. The major disadvantage of this treatment is that it should sacrifice the quality of patients' life. When the tongue cancer is so advanced as to involve the hyoid bone, which is considered a functional part of the larynx, radical operation needs to resect both the entire tongue and the larynx and the hyoid bone en bloc to prevent aspiration pneumonia...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872993/medically-unexplained-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-at-the-university-hospital-ent-outpatient-clinic-for-dysphagia-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#6
Rob J C G Verdonschot, Laura W J Baijens, Sophie Vanbelle, Michelle Florie, Remco Dijkman, Irene P M Leeters, Bernd Kremer, Carsten Leue
Medically unexplained oropharyngeal dysphagia (MUNOD) is a rare condition. It presents without demonstrable abnormalities in the anatomy of the upper aero-digestive tract and/or swallowing physiology. This study investigates whether MUNOD is related to affective or other psychiatric conditions. The study included patients with dysphagic complaints who had no detectible structural or physiological abnormalities upon swallowing examination. Patients with any underlying disease or disorder that could explain the oropharyngeal dysphagia were excluded...
June 5, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871694/safety-and-efficacy-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-astrocytes-following-intrathecal-transplantation-in-sod1-g93a-and-nsg-animal-models
#7
Michal Izrael, Shalom Guy Slutsky, Tamar Admoni, Louisa Cohen, Avital Granit, Arik Hasson, Joseph Itskovitz-Eldor, Lena Krush Paker, Graciela Kuperstein, Neta Lavon, Shiran Yehezkel Ionescu, Leonardo Javier Solmesky, Rachel Zaguri, Alina Zhuravlev, Ella Volman, Judith Chebath, Michel Revel
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a motor neuron (MN) disease characterized by the loss of MNs in the central nervous system. As MNs die, patients progressively lose their ability to control voluntary movements, become paralyzed and eventually die from respiratory/deglutition failure. Despite the selective MN death in ALS, there is growing evidence that malfunctional astrocytes play a crucial role in disease progression. Thus, transplantation of healthy astrocytes may compensate for the diseased astrocytes...
June 6, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846393/effects-of-electrostimulation-associated-with-masticatory-training-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#8
Denilma Lígia da Silva Alves Pinheiro, Giorvan Ânderson Dos Santos Alves, Fernanda Magda Montenegro Fausto, Luciane Spinelli de Figueiredo Pessoa, Lidiane Assis da Silva, Suzana Maria de Freitas Pereira, Larissa Nadjara Alves de Almeida
Purpose Investigate and measure the effects of electrostimulation on the orofacial musculature and on the chewing, breathing and swallowing functions of individuals with Down syndrome. Methods Study participants were 16 individuals with Down syndrome (six males and 10 females) from an institutional extension project aged nine to 25 years. Speech-language pathology assessment was performed using the protocol of Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores (OMES) pre- and post-intervention. This protocol comprised eight weekly electrostimulation sessions...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779825/associations-between-eating-difficulties-nutritional-status-and-activity-of-daily-living-in-acute-geriatric-patients
#9
Mie Marie Nielsen, Thomas Maribo, Albert Westergren, Dorte Melgaard
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Eating difficulties, having a poor nutritional status, and low activity of daily living are all prevalent issues in the geriatric population. The aim of this study was to explore associations between patients' eating difficulties, their nutritional status and their activity of daily living in patients aged 60 years or older who were admitted to an acute geriatric unit. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March and September 2016 at the geriatric department of North Denmark Regional Hospital, Hjørring...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764014/-comprehensive-treatment-of-335-patients-with-pyriform-sinus-carcinoma-by-surgery-via-the-paraglottic-space-approach
#10
W M Li, D M Wei, Y Qian, S D Cao, Y Xu, D Y Liu, D P Lei, X L Pan
Objective: To report the experience in comprehensive surgical treatment of pyriform sinus carcinoma via the paraglottic space approach. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-five cases with pyriform sinus carcinoma (according to UICC 2012 criteria, stage Ⅰ, 12 cases; Ⅱ, 36; Ⅲ, 79; Ⅳ, 208; T1, 26; T2, 139; T3, 121; T4, 49; cN0, 83; cN1, 61; cN2a-b, 118; cN2c, 71; cN3, 2) treated between 2006 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 323 males and 12 females. Age aged from 36 to 80 years old with a median of 60 years old...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721231/cystic-mass-of-the-floor-of-the-mouth
#11
Aina Brunet-Garcia, Elizabeth-Daniela Lucena-Rivero, Laia Brunet-Garcia, Marta Faubel-Serra
Background: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the oral cavity are relatively uncommon lesions of developmental origin. They often remain asymptomatic for years until they grow enough to interfere with speech, deglutition and less often with breathing which can pose a critical risk to the airway and require immediate surgery. Case description: A case of an epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth affecting a 37-year-old man is presented; this lesion was surgically enucleated with an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603510/esophageal-provocation-tests-are-they-useful-to-improve-diagnostic-yield-of-high-resolution-manometry
#12
REVIEW
D A Carlson, S Roman
High resolution manometry (HRM) is the gold standard to diagnose esophageal motility disorders but has some limitations. The inclusion of provocative tests might enhance the diagnostic yield of HRM. These tests are easy to perform and to add to the regular manometry protocol. Multiple rapid swallows (MRS; 5 2-mL swallows) is useful to assess the contractile reserve and deglutitive inhibition. The optimal number of MRS to perform might be 3 as suggested by Mauro et al. in this issue of Neurogastroenterology & Motility...
April 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581622/bevacizumab-induced-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-a-patient-suffering-from-lung-cancer-with-bulky-subcarinal-lymph-node-a-case-report
#13
Kenichi Nishie, Masanori Yasuo, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Nobumitsu Kobayashi, Kazunari Tateishi, Atsuhito Ushiki, Kazuhisa Urushihata, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Gen Ideura, Masayuki Hanaoka
A 66-year-old male with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who was previously treated with carboplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab consequently suffered from severe coughing during deglutition. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) between the left main bronchus and esophagus through a subcarinal metastatic lymph node. Given the extreme swelling of the lymph node due to metastatic cancer, it was determined that the walls of the bronchus and esophagus had been injured simultaneously...
February 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544671/progressive-functional-improvement-in-hemiglossectomy-defects-reconstructed-with-radial-forearm-free-flap-at-6-months
#14
Khoi Anh Nguyen, Truong Xuan Bui, Hue Van Nguyen, Richard O Wein
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study was to evaluate for the functional improvement of outcomes of patients undergoing surgical management for tongue cancer at varying periods after surgery. DESIGN: Case series with intervention. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive patients, from 2011 to 2015, with carcinoma of the tongue undergoing surgical resection and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. MAIN MEASURES: The Speech Intelligibility Test (SIT) is used for objective evaluation of speech function...
May 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476677/a-controlled-study-comparing-salivary-osmolality-caries-experience-and-caries-risk-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
L-A Ruiz, M-B Diniz, J-P Loyola-Rodriguez, C-H Habibe, C-C Garrubbo, M-T-B-R Santos
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a permanent neurological disorder accompanied by secondary musculoskeletal masticatory disorder, with repercussion on chewing and deglutition functions. In these conditions, the liquids ingestion is compromised resulting in salivary osmolality alteration. The objective of this study was to compare salivary osmolality, caries experience and caries risk between normoreactive individuals and patients with CP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants were 4-20 years old: 52 patients with CP treated at a reference rehabilitation centre (study group, SG), and 52 normoreactive individuals (control group, CG)...
March 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476275/maturation-of-the-coordination-between-respiration-and-deglutition-with-and-without-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-lesion-in-an-animal-model
#16
Ashley Ballester, François Gould, Laura Bond, Bethany Stricklen, Jocelyn Ohlemacher, Andrew Gross, Katherine DeLozier, Randall Buddington, Karyl Buddington, Nicole Danos, Rebecca German
The timing of the occurrence of a swallow in a respiratory cycle is critical for safe swallowing, and changes with infant development. Infants with damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve, which receives sensory information from the larynx and supplies the intrinsic muscles of the larynx, experience a significant incidence of dysphagia. Using our validated infant pig model, we determined the interaction between this nerve damage and the coordination between respiration and swallowing during postnatal development...
February 24, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432741/dietary-nitrate-protects-submandibular-gland-from-hyposalivation-in-ovariectomized-rats-via-suppressing-cell-apoptosis
#17
Yipu Xu, Baoxing Pang, Liang Hu, Xiaoyu Feng, Lei Hu, Jingsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Songlin Wang
Xerostomia, a major oral symptom of menopause, is a subjective feeling of dry mouth associated with oral pain and difficulties in deglutition and speech, which significantly reduces patient's quality of life. Dietary nitrate, which can be converted to nitric oxide, has multiple physiological functions in the body, including antioxidant activity and vasodilatation; however, its protective effect against xerostomia remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary nitrate on estrogen deficiency-induced xerostomia...
February 26, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405476/endoscope-assisted-conservative-resection-and-reconstruction-in-recurrent-subglottic-carcinoma
#18
Shawn T Joseph, Jose Tharayil, Mohan T Mihir, B S Naveen
BACKGROUND: Very few cases of conservative laryngectomy in recurrent carcinoma of subglottis postradiotherapy have been reported. Technical aspects of conservative resection and reconstruction in subglottic carcinoma have not been well described. METHODS: Herein, we present a case of recurrent carcinoma of subglottis for which conservative resection with adequate margins was done with endoscope assistance and defect reconstructed by buccal mucosa, conchal cartilage, and temporoparietal free flap...
April 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398674/canine-case-of-swallowing-syncope-that-improved-after-pacemaker-implantation
#19
Ryuji Fukushima, Toshiki Araie, Naoaki Itou, Takae Kawaguchi, Shusaku Yamada, Aritada Yoshimura, Seijirow Goya, Kazumi Shimada, Tsuyoshi Uchide, Miori Kishimoto, Noboru Machida
A 14-year-old intact male West Highland White Terrier weighing 6.9 kg was admitted to the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Animal Medical Center with the complaint of syncope after showing signs of nausea during feeding. Sinus arrest induced by deglutition was confirmed using a Holter electrocardiography test. However, the clinical symptoms significantly improved after implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Seven months after implantation, the dog died from acute pancreatitis, a cause unrelated to the syncope...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396225/international-consensus-icon-on-assessment-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#20
F Espitalier, A Fanous, J Aviv, S Bassiouny, G Desuter, N Nerurkar, G Postma, L Crevier-Buchman
OBJECTIVE: To present international recommendations regarding the proper evaluation of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD), both objectively and subjectively (self-evaluation). METHODS: Following a thorough review of the literature, 5 experts in the field from 4 different continents answered separately a questionnaire regarding the work-up of OD. Individual answers were presented and discussed during the world ENT conference that was held in Paris in June 2017. This article will present the recommendations issued from that meeting...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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