keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Deglutition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023321/antipsychotic-medication-and-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-systematic-review
#1
Marta Miarons Font, Laia Rofes Salsench
The association between antipsychotics (also known as neuroleptics) and oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) has been suggested in several case reports. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effect of antipsychotic medication on OD. A systematic literature search was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines using the electronic databases Pubmed and Embase. In Pubmed, we used the MeSH terms 'antipsychotic agents' OR 'tranquilizing agents' combined with 'deglutition disorders' OR 'deglutition'. In Embase, we used the Emtree terms 'neuroleptic agents' combined with 'swallowing' OR 'dysphagia'...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023298/appraisal-of-function-after-rehabilitation-with-tongue-prosthesis
#2
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Gurmit Bachher
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Prosthetic rehabilitation following total glossectomy is very complex procedure from clinical as well as laboratory point of view. The basic objective of prosthodontic rehabilitation is to deliver a comfortable as well as esthetically suitable prosthesis, which restores the impaired speech and deglutition function. PURPOSE: Prosthetic rehabilitation of patients after total glossectomy with tongue prosthesis to evaluate improvement in speech as well as swallowing function...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021456/quantitative-assessment-of-swallowing-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinal-and-bulbar-muscular-atrophy
#3
Atsushi Hashizume, Haruhiko Banno, Masahisa Katsuno, Yasuhiro Hijikata, Shinichiro Yamada, Tomonori Inagaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Gen Sobue
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate swallowing dysfunction in patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy and to identify the most appropriate method of assessing swallowing dysfunction using a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Methods In the videofluoroscopic swallowing study, patients were instructed to swallow 3 mL of 40% weight/volume barium sulfate twice, and the pharyngeal residue was measured. We used three different methods to quantify the pharyngeal barium residue and an eight-point scale to evaluate the laryngeal penetration leading to aspiration pneumoniae...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983422/speech-language-pathology-evaluation-and-management-of-hyperkinetic-disorders-affecting-speech-and-swallowing-function
#4
REVIEW
Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Heather M Clark
BACKGROUND: Hyperkinetic dysarthria is characterized by abnormal involuntary movements affecting respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory structures impacting speech and deglutition. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play an important role in the evaluation and management of dysarthria and dysphagia. This review describes the standard clinical evaluation and treatment approaches by SLPs for addressing impaired speech and deglutition in specific hyperkinetic dysarthria populations. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the data sources of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967223/human-capability-in-the-perception-of-extensional-and-shear-viscosity
#5
Zhihong Lv, Jianshe Chen, Melvin Holmes
Shear and extensional deformation are two basic rheological phenomena which occur commonly in our daily life. Because of the very different nature of the two deformations, fluid materials may exhibit significant differences in their responses to shear and extensional forces. This work investigated the human perception of shear and extensional viscosity and tested the hypothesis that human have different discriminatory sensation mechanisms including scaling to the two deformations. A series of fluid samples were prepared using two common food thickeners, guar gum and sodium carboxylmethylcellulose (CMC-Na)...
October 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915289/mild-to-moderate-dysphagia-following-very-low-dose-abobotulinumtoxin-a-for-platysmal-bands
#6
Suzan Obagi, Kseniya Golubets
Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox) can be a safe and successful off-label treatment of vertical platysma bands of various severities. Due to risk of the botulinum toxin diffusing to the underlying anatomic structures such as the deglutition muscles, the larynx, and the neck flexors, a maximal dose of 100 units has been suggested and there have been no known reports of untoward effects with doses less than 60 units. We present a case of mild to moderate dysphagia in a patient after very low doses of Abobutulinumtoxin (60 units, equivalent to 20 units of Onabotulinumtoxin using a 3:1 conversion ratio)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894942/first-steps-towards-development-of-an-instrument-for-the-reproducible-quantification-of-oropharyngeal-swallow-physiology-in-bottle-fed-children
#7
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Kathryn A Carson, Jeanne M Pinto, Jennifer M Wright, Bonnie Martin-Harris
The incidence of feeding/swallowing impairments (deglutition disorders) in young children is rising and poses serious acute and long-term health consequences. Accurate detection and prompt intervention can lessen the impact of dysphagia-induced sequelae. Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies (VFSSs) are used to make critical decisions for medically fragile children despite procedural variability and the lack of agreed upon measures for interpreting and reporting results. This investigation represents the first steps in the development of a novel tool for the quantification of oropharyngeal swallow physiology from full-length VFSS examinations in bottle-fed children...
September 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828751/maturation-modulates-pharyngeal-stimulus-provoked-pharyngeal-and-respiratory-rhythms-in-human-infants
#8
Kathryn A Hasenstab, Swetha Sitaram, Ivan M Lang, Reza Shaker, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Pharyngeal-provocation induced aerodigestive symptoms in infants remain an enigma. Sources of pharyngeal provocation can be anterograde as with feeding, and retrograde as in gastroesophageal reflux. We determined maturational and dose-response effects of targeted pharyngeal-stimulus on frequency, stability, and magnitude of pharyngeal and respiratory waveforms during multiple pharyngeal swallowing responses in preterm-born infants when they were of full-term postmenstrual age (PMA). Eighteen infants (11 male) were studied longitudinally at 39...
August 21, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828545/critical-dysphagia-is-common-in-parkinson-disease-and-occurs-even-in-early-stages-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Christina Pflug, Moritz Bihler, Katharina Emich, Almut Niessen, Julie Cläre Nienstedt, Till Flügel, Jana-Christiane Koseki, Rosemarie Plaetke, Ute Hidding, Christian Gerloff, Carsten Buhmann
To assess the prevalence of dysphagia and its typical findings in unselected "real-world" Parkinson patients using an objective gold-standard method. This was a prospective, controlled, cross-sectional study conducted in 119 consecutive Parkinson patients of all stages independent of subjective dysphagia. Patients and 32 controls were clinically and endoscopically examined by flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) to evaluate the deglutition with regard to three consistencies (water, biscuit, and bread)...
August 21, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795229/spatial-characteristics-of-jaw-movements-during-chewing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#10
Ignatius S B Nip, Erin M Wilson, Lucia Kearney
This study compared jaw motion between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their typically-developing (TD) peers during chewing. The jaw movements of 11 children with spastic CP (GMFCS levels II-V) all of whom were exclusively oral feeders with no reported clinical issues with feeding [mean age = 7.49 (2.30) years; 7 males, 4 females] and 11 age- and sex-matched TD peers [mean age = 7.54 (2.35) years] were recorded using optical motion capture. Participants chewed five trials of three different consistencies, including puree, mechanical soft, and solid...
August 9, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764305/a-wide-spread-red-lesion-on-the-surface-of-the-tongue-a-case-report-and-review-of-differential-diagnosis
#11
Yenduluri Durga Bai, Sathasivasubramanian Sankarapandian, R Aditi
The tongue is considered to be the strongest muscular organ in the body and a very important structure in the oral cavity. It is involved in various critical functions such as taste, speech, chewing and deglutition. It has been known to be a harbinger of systemic health and disease. Lesions occurring on the tongue vary widely in colour and consistency. Widespread red lesions on the tongue need to be differentiated carefully from each other for a proper diagnosis and treatment and must be followed up for recurrence...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755055/structured-reports-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies-have-the-potential-to-improve-overall-report-quality-compared-to-free-text-reports
#12
Franziska Schoeppe, Wieland H Sommer, Mareike Haack, Miriam Havel, Marika Rheinwald, Juliane Wechtenbruch, Martin R Fischer, Felix G Meinel, Bastian O Sabel, Nora N Sommer
PURPOSE: To compare free text (FTR) and structured reports (SR) of videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) and evaluate satisfaction of referring otolaryngologists and speech therapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both standard FTR and SR of 26 patients with VFSS were acquired. A dedicated template focusing on oropharyngeal phases was created for SR using online software with clickable decision-trees and concomitant generation of semantically structured reports...
July 28, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746490/is-the-main-goal-of-mastication-achieved-after-orthodontic-treatment-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#13
Gustavo Hauber Gameiro, Isabela Brandão Magalhães, Mariana Marcon Szymanski, Annicele Silva Andrade
Objective: To investigate the masticatory and swallowing performances in patients with malocclusions before and after orthodontic treatment, comparing them to an age- and gender-matched control group with normal occlusion. Methods: Twenty-three patients with malocclusions requiring orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. One month after appliance removal, seventeen patients completed a follow-up examination and the data were compared with those of a control group with thirty subjects with normal occlusion...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715374/in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-mechanical-and-viscoelastic-properties-of-the-rat-tongue
#14
Emanuele Loro, Stephen H Wang, Richard J Schwab, Tejvir S Khurana
The tongue is a highly innervated and vascularized muscle hydrostat on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates. Its primary functions include supporting mastication and deglutition, as well as taste-sensing and phonetics. Accordingly, the strength and volume of the tongue can impact the ability of vertebrates to accomplish basic activities such as feeding, communicating, and breathing. Human patients with sleep apnea have enlarged tongues, characterized by reduced muscle tone and increased intramuscular fat that can be visualized and quantified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713343/the-bacterial-ecosystem-of-mother-s-milk-and-infant-s-mouth-and-gut
#15
Elena Biagi, Sara Quercia, Arianna Aceti, Isadora Beghetti, Simone Rampelli, Silvia Turroni, Giacomo Faldella, Marco Candela, Patrizia Brigidi, Luigi Corvaglia
The progressive building of the infants' gut microbiota is pivotal for educating their immune system. Human breast milk is among the first sources of microbes for the assembly of the infant's microbiota, but research struggles to give a demonstration for the origin of bacteria in milk. Aiming at contributing to the knowledge on assembly of the mother's milk and infant's microbiome, here we characterized the oral, gut and milk ecosystems in a homogeneous cohort of 36 healthy mother-infants pairs, by 16S rRNA next-generation sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680874/the-potential-benefits-of-applying-recent-advances-in-esophageal-motility-testing-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia
#16
REVIEW
Nathalie Rommel, Maissa Rayyan, Charlotte Scheerens, Taher Omari
Infants and children with esophageal atresia commonly present with swallowing dysfunction or dysphagia. Dysphagia can lead to a range of significant consequences such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, and food impaction. To improve oral intake, the clinical diagnosis of dysphagia in patients with esophageal atresia should focus on both the pharynx and the esophagus. To characterize the complex interactions of bolus flow and motor function between mouth, pharynx, and esophagus, a detailed understanding of normal and abnormal deglutition is required through the use of adequate and objective assessment techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670060/deglutition-syncope
#17
Nachiket Patel, Saif Ibrahim, Jainil Shah, Menfil A Orellana-Barrios, Timothy E Paterick, A Jamil Tajik
Deglutition syncope, also known as swallow syncope, is a neurally mediated reflex syndrome. The common intervention of the heart, esophagus, and stomach by the vagus nerve is central to its pathogenesis, whereby swallowing causes inhibition of the cardiac conduction system. It is most commonly associated with disorders of the esophagus, both organic and functional. Herein we describe the case of a 48-year-old man presenting with transient syncopal episodes that occurred while eating caused by an intrathoracic stomach due to a hiatal hernia...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656710/effect-of-liquid-properties-on-swallowing-and-ventilation-coordination-in-rats
#18
A C Desombres, C Duclos, I Ghannouchi, J P Marie, E Verin
BACKGROUND: One aspect of rehabilitation in swallowing disorders is to change liquid properties. The objective of our study was to test how liquid properties could improve oropharyngeal dysphagia and swallowing and ventilation coordination in an animal model. METHODS: Forty-two healthy male rats were distributed in six groups, including a control group. Rats were deprived of water for 24 h and then each group was administered liquid with different properties: tap water, sugar water, sparkling water, salt water, cold water, and acidic water...
June 28, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635131/characterization-of-pharyngeal-peristaltic-pressure-variability-during-volitional-swallowing-in-healthy-individuals
#19
G Balasubramanian, T Sharma, M Kern, L Mei, P Sanvanson, R Shaker
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances incorporated in high resolution manometry have justifiably heightened interest in manometric evaluation of the pharynx. Despite this interest, from both physiologic and clinical perspective there remain a number of unanswered questions regarding the magnitude of variability of pharyngeal pressure phenomena. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize in healthy individuals the inter-subject and recording-site specific variability of pharyngeal peristaltic pressure phenomena...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606443/non-invasive-assessment-determine-the-swallowing-and-respiration-dysfunction-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Chin-Man Wang, Wann-Yun Shieh, Yi-Hsin Weng, Yi-Hsuan Hsu, Yih-Ru Wu
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is common among patients with Parkinson's disease. Swallowing and its coordination with respiration is extremely important to achieve safety swallowing. Different tools have been used to assess this coordination, however the results have been inconsistent. We aimed to investigate this coordination in patients with Parkinson's disease using a non-invasive method. METHODS: Signals of submental muscle activity, thyroid cartilage excursion, and nasal airflow during swallowing were recorded simultaneously...
May 26, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
keyword
keyword
20105
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"