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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912244/environmental-sustainability-analysis-and-nutritional-strategies-of-animal-production-in-china
#1
Bie Tan, Yulong Yin
Animal production in China has achieved considerable progress and contributes to46%of the total agriculture output value of the country. However, this fast expansion of animal production has led to environmental pollution. In this article, we review the status of soil, water, and air pollution associated with animal production in China and analyze the main sources of the pollutants. The government has promulgated regulations and standards, and effective models and technologies have been developed to control pollution during the last 10 years...
November 21, 2016: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911926/international-collaboration-patterns-and-effecting-factors-of-emerging-technologies
#2
Xu Bai, Yun Liu
With the globalization of the world economy, international innovation collaboration has taken place all over the world. This study selects three emerging technologies (3D printing, big data and carbon nanotubes and graphene technology) among 20 countries as the research objects, using three patent-based indicators and network relationship analysis to reflect international collaboration patterns. Then we integrate empirical analyses to show effecting factors of international collaboration degrees by using panel data...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885972/protecting-the-confidentiality-and-security-of-personal-health-information-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-the-era-of-sdgs-and-big-data
#3
Eduard J Beck, Wayne Gill, Paul R De Lay
BACKGROUND: As increasing amounts of personal information are being collected through a plethora of electronic modalities by statutory and non-statutory organizations, ensuring the confidentiality and security of such information has become a major issue globally. While the use of many of these media can be beneficial to individuals or populations, they can also be open to abuse by individuals or statutory and non-statutory organizations. Recent examples include collection of personal information by national security systems and the development of national programs like the Chinese Social Credit System...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808589/challenges-for-drug-discovery-and-development-in-china
#4
Kam Lun Hon, Vivian W Y Lee
The drug development industry is restructuring worldwide in terms of the research and development process. As with pharmaceuticals in the west and worldwide, China faces major challenges for drug discovery and development. Areas covered. In this review, the authors discuss anti-cancer, anti-allergy, anti-infectious, and proprietary Chinese Medicines (pCM) for various chronic diseases (such as the allergic diseases: eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis), which remain the contemporary therapeutic strategies that are being explored and developed...
November 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796839/real-time-medical-emergency-response-system-exploiting-iot-and-big-data-for-public-health
#5
M Mazhar Rathore, Awais Ahmad, Anand Paul, Jiafu Wan, Daqiang Zhang
Healthy people are important for any nation's development. Use of the Internet of Things (IoT)-based body area networks (BANs) is increasing for continuous monitoring and medical healthcare in order to perform real-time actions in case of emergencies. However, in the case of monitoring the health of all citizens or people in a country, the millions of sensors attached to human bodies generate massive volume of heterogeneous data, called "Big Data." Processing Big Data and performing real-time actions in critical situations is a challenging task...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766062/de-novo-mutation-and-somatic-mosaicism-of-gene-mutation-in-type-2a-2b-and-2m-vwd
#6
Ming-Ching Shen, Ming Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Shun-Ping Chang, Ching-Yeh Lin, Bo-Do Lin, Han-Ni Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is not uncommon in Taiwan. In type 2 or type 3 VWD hemorrhagic symptoms are severer and laboratory data relatively more distinctive. De novo mutation and somatic mosaicism of type 2 VWD gene were rarely reported. Therefore clinical, laboratory and genetic studies of only type 2A, 2B and 2M VWD will be presented and issues of de novo mutation and somatic mosaicism will be explored. METHODS: Fifty-four patients belonging to 23 unrelated families from all around the country in whom type 2 VWD exclusive of type 2N has been diagnosed not only by clinical and routine laboratory studies but also by genetic confirmation during 1990-2015 were investigated...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748128/comparison-of-general-health-status-myocardial-infarction-obesity-diabetes-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-between-immigrant-pakistani-population-in-the-netherlands-and-the-local-amsterdam-population
#7
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Henriëtte Dijkshoorn, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: South Asians living in Western countries have shown higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and related non-communicable diseases as compared to the local populations. The aim of this study was to compare the general health status and prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity, and fruit and vegetable intake between Pakistani immigrants in the Netherlands and local Amsterdam population. DESIGN: A health survey was conducted in 2012-2013 among Pakistanis in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644659/head-and-neck-cancer-in-saudi-arabia-a-systematic-review
#8
Turki Y Alhazzazi, Faisal T Alghamdi
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the ninth most common cancer worldwide, and has a poor 5-year survival rate averaging 50%, which has not changed for decades. A high prevalence of HNC has been reported in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, as compared to other areas of the country. However, data in regards to HNC are scattered and not well documented. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to gather all available and updated important information regarding HNC in Saudi Arabia, and highlight the gaps of knowledge in our country with regard to this disease...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496860/healthy-and-wellbeing-activities-promotion-using-a-big-data-approach
#9
Diego Gachet Páez, Manuel de Buenaga Rodríguez, Enrique Puertas Sánz, María Teresa Villalba, Rafael Muñoz Gil
The aging population and economic crisis specially in developed countries have as a consequence the reduction in funds dedicated to health care; it is then desirable to optimize the costs of public and private healthcare systems, reducing the affluence of chronic and dependent people to care centers; promoting healthy lifestyle and activities can allow people to avoid chronic diseases as for example hypertension. In this article, we describe a system for promoting an active and healthy lifestyle for people and to recommend with guidelines and valuable information about their habits...
August 4, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403902/-effect-of-treatment-with-diet-on-reducing-levels-of-sex-hormones-in-perimenopausal-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#10
Katarzyna Łokieć, Aleksandra Błońska, Ewa Walecka-Kapica, Krystyna Stec-Michalska
UNLABELLED: Nowadays, fight against obesity is a big challenge for the developed countries. Perimenopausal women are especially prone to becoming overweight and obese. This is due to changes in hormone levels and alterations in the sex hormones synthesis pathway. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of sex hormones in overweight and obese women during menopause following the three month period of reducing diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved women aged 55±4,75 years...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332439/social-media-and-population-health-virtual-exchange-for-senior-nursing-students-an-international-collaboration
#11
Paula M Procter, Juliana J Brixey, Michelle L L Honey, Fern Todhunter
The authors have all engaged in using social media with students as a means for collaboration across national and international boundaries for various educational purposes. Following the explosion of big data in health the authors are now moving this concept forward within undergraduate and postgraduate nursing curricula for the development of population health virtual exchanges. Nursing has a global presence and yet it appears as though students have little knowledge of the health and social care needs and provision outside their local environment...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332195/nursing-informatics-research-priorities-for-the-future-recommendations-from-an-international-survey
#12
Laura-Maria Peltonen, Maxim Topaz, Charlene Ronquillo, Lisiane Pruinelli, Raymond Francis Sarmiento, Martha K Badger, Samira Ali, Adrienne Lewis, Mattias Georgsson, Eunjoo Jeon, Jude L Tayaben, Chiu-Hsiang Kuo, Tasneem Islam, Janine Sommer, Hyunggu Jung, Gabrielle Jacklin Eler, Dari Alhuwail
We present one part of the results of an international survey exploring current and future nursing informatics (NI) research trends. The study was conducted by the International Medical Informatics Association Nursing Informatics Special Interest Group (IMIA-NISIG) Student Working Group. Based on findings from this cross-sectional study, we identified future NI research priorities. We used snowball sampling technique to reach respondents from academia and practice. Data were collected between August and September 2015...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225583/front-matter
#13
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2016 Conference is the 13th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, legal and social domains. pHealth 2016 opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro, nano and biotechnologies for personalized health. Starting in 2003 with personal health management systems, pHealth has continuously extended its scope evolving to a truly interdisciplinary event by covering technological and biomedical facilities, legal, ethical, social, and organizational requirements and impacts as well as necessary basic research for enabling the future proof care paradigms...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085375/upregulation-of-biotransformation-genes-in-gills-of-oyster-crassostrea-brasiliana-exposed-in-situ-to-urban-effluents-florian%C3%A3-polis-bay-southern-brazil
#14
Tomás B Pessatti, Karim H Lüchmann, Fabrício Flores-Nunes, Jacó J Mattos, Sílvio T Sasaki, Satie Taniguchi, Márcia C Bícego, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
The release of untreated sanitary sewage, combined with unplanned urban growth, are major factors contributing to degradation of coastal ecosystems in developing countries, including Brazil. Sanitary sewage is a complex mixture of chemicals that can negatively affect aquatic organisms. The use of molecular biomarkers can help to understand and to monitor the biological effects elicited by contaminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in transcript levels of genes related to xenobiotic biotransformation in the gills of oysters Crassostrea brasiliana transplanted and kept for 24h at three areas potentially contaminated by sanitary sewage (Bücheller river, BUC; Biguaçu river, BIG; and Ratones island, RAT), one farming area (Sambaqui beach, SAM) and at one reference site (Forte beach, FOR) in the North Bay of Santa Catarina Island (Florianópolis, Brazil)...
September 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080212/big-data-in-third-world-countries-do-the-means-justify-the-end
#15
Vijayant Govinda Gupta, Girdhar Singh Bora, Ravimohan S Mavuduru
The amount of data that is being generated in health care is enormous, especially with the widespread availability of multimedia devices. However, the data keeping in developing countries is still unstructured. Lots of this Big Data is therefore vulnerable to loss. In the current report we highlight the problem and suggest the need for cost effective solution.
April 8, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979737/availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-for-children-in-the-western-part-of-ethiopia-implication-for-access
#16
Edao Sado, Alemu Sufa
BACKGROUND: Essential medicines (EMs) are those medicines which satisfy the priority health care needs of the population. Although it is a fundamental human right, access to essential medicines has been a big challenge in developing countries particularly for children. WHO recommends assessing the current situations on availability and affordability of EMs as the first step towards enhancing access to them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess access to EMs for children based on availability, affordability, and price...
March 15, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924864/scientometric-trend-analyses-of-publications-on-the-history-of-psychology-is-psychology-becoming-an-unhistorical-science
#17
Günter Krampen
Examines scientometrically the trends in and the recent situation of research on and the teaching of the history of psychology in the German-speaking countries and compares the findings with the situation in other countries (mainly the United States) by means of the psychology databases PSYNDEX and PsycINFO. Declines of publications on the history of psychology are described scientometrically for both research communities since the 1990s. Some impulses are suggested for the future of research on and the teaching of the history of psychology...
2016: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918194/finding-big-shots-small-area-mapping-and-spatial-modelling-of-obesity-among-swiss-male-conscripts
#18
Radoslaw Panczak, Leonhard Held, André Moser, Philip A Jones, Frank J Rühli, Kaspar Staub
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, as in other developed countries, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased substantially since the early 1990s. Most of the analyses so far have been based on sporadic surveys or self-reported data and did not offer potential for small-area analyses. The goal of this study was to investigate spatial variation and determinants of obesity among young Swiss men using recent conscription data. METHODS: A complete, anonymized dataset of conscription records for the 2010-2012 period were provided by Swiss Armed Forces...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814841/the-application-of-big-data-in-medicine-current-implications-and-future-directions
#19
Christopher Austin, Fred Kusumoto
Since the mid 1980s, the world has experienced an unprecedented explosion in the capacity to produce, store, and communicate data, primarily in digital formats. Simultaneously, access to computing technologies in the form of the personal PC, smartphone, and other handheld devices has mirrored this growth. With these enhanced capabilities of data storage and rapid computation as well as real-time delivery of information via the internet, the average daily consumption of data by an individual has grown exponentially...
January 27, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26778770/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-the-older-population-results-from-the-multiple-national-studies-on-ageing
#20
Fan Yang, Dongfu Qian, Dan Hu
The international comparisons that provided useful epidemiologic information of hypertension in the elderly people is still sparse; we aim to provide the latest international estimates on the burden of hypertension. These sampling methods of the selection of surveys mainly used multistage population registry; this cross-national study of 63,014 adults aged ≥50 years was from in four high-income countries, four upper-middle-income countries (UMICs), and three low-middle-income countries (LMICs). Overall, the age-standardized prevalence of hypertension among the adult population aged ≥50 years was 53...
February 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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