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Big data developing countries

Ming-Ching Shen, Ming Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Shun-Ping Chang, Ching-Yeh Lin, Bo-Do Lin, Han-Ni Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is not uncommon in Taiwan. In type 2 or type 3 VWD hemorrhagic symptoms are severer and laboratory data relatively more distinctive. De novo mutation and somatic mosaicism of type 2 VWD gene were rarely reported. Therefore clinical, laboratory and genetic studies of only type 2A, 2B and 2M VWD will be presented and issues of de novo mutation and somatic mosaicism will be explored. METHODS: Fifty-four patients belonging to 23 unrelated families from all around the country in whom type 2 VWD exclusive of type 2N has been diagnosed not only by clinical and routine laboratory studies but also by genetic confirmation during 1990-2015 were investigated...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Henriëtte Dijkshoorn, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: South Asians living in Western countries have shown higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and related non-communicable diseases as compared to the local populations. The aim of this study was to compare the general health status and prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity, and fruit and vegetable intake between Pakistani immigrants in the Netherlands and local Amsterdam population. DESIGN: A health survey was conducted in 2012-2013 among Pakistanis in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Turki Y Alhazzazi, Faisal T Alghamdi
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the ninth most common cancer worldwide, and has a poor 5-year survival rate averaging 50%, which has not changed for decades. A high prevalence of HNC has been reported in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, as compared to other areas of the country. However, data in regards to HNC are scattered and not well documented. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to gather all available and updated important information regarding HNC in Saudi Arabia, and highlight the gaps of knowledge in our country with regard to this disease...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Diego Gachet Páez, Manuel de Buenaga Rodríguez, Enrique Puertas Sánz, María Teresa Villalba, Rafael Muñoz Gil
The aging population and economic crisis specially in developed countries have as a consequence the reduction in funds dedicated to health care; it is then desirable to optimize the costs of public and private healthcare systems, reducing the affluence of chronic and dependent people to care centers; promoting healthy lifestyle and activities can allow people to avoid chronic diseases as for example hypertension. In this article, we describe a system for promoting an active and healthy lifestyle for people and to recommend with guidelines and valuable information about their habits...
August 4, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
Katarzyna Łokieć, Aleksandra Błońska, Ewa Walecka-Kapica, Krystyna Stec-Michalska
UNLABELLED: Nowadays, fight against obesity is a big challenge for the developed countries. Perimenopausal women are especially prone to becoming overweight and obese. This is due to changes in hormone levels and alterations in the sex hormones synthesis pathway. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of sex hormones in overweight and obese women during menopause following the three month period of reducing diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved women aged 55±4,75 years...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Paula M Procter, Juliana J Brixey, Michelle L L Honey, Fern Todhunter
The authors have all engaged in using social media with students as a means for collaboration across national and international boundaries for various educational purposes. Following the explosion of big data in health the authors are now moving this concept forward within undergraduate and postgraduate nursing curricula for the development of population health virtual exchanges. Nursing has a global presence and yet it appears as though students have little knowledge of the health and social care needs and provision outside their local environment...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Laura-Maria Peltonen, Maxim Topaz, Charlene Ronquillo, Lisiane Pruinelli, Raymond Francis Sarmiento, Martha K Badger, Samira Ali, Adrienne Lewis, Mattias Georgsson, Eunjoo Jeon, Jude L Tayaben, Chiu-Hsiang Kuo, Tasneem Islam, Janine Sommer, Hyunggu Jung, Gabrielle Jacklin Eler, Dari Alhuwail
We present one part of the results of an international survey exploring current and future nursing informatics (NI) research trends. The study was conducted by the International Medical Informatics Association Nursing Informatics Special Interest Group (IMIA-NISIG) Student Working Group. Based on findings from this cross-sectional study, we identified future NI research priorities. We used snowball sampling technique to reach respondents from academia and practice. Data were collected between August and September 2015...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2016 Conference is the 13th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, legal and social domains. pHealth 2016 opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro, nano and biotechnologies for personalized health. Starting in 2003 with personal health management systems, pHealth has continuously extended its scope evolving to a truly interdisciplinary event by covering technological and biomedical facilities, legal, ethical, social, and organizational requirements and impacts as well as necessary basic research for enabling the future proof care paradigms...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Tomás B Pessatti, Karim H Lüchmann, Fabrício Flores-Nunes, Jacó J Mattos, Sílvio T Sasaki, Satie Taniguchi, Márcia C Bícego, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
The release of untreated sanitary sewage, combined with unplanned urban growth, are major factors contributing to degradation of coastal ecosystems in developing countries, including Brazil. Sanitary sewage is a complex mixture of chemicals that can negatively affect aquatic organisms. The use of molecular biomarkers can help to understand and to monitor the biological effects elicited by contaminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in transcript levels of genes related to xenobiotic biotransformation in the gills of oysters Crassostrea brasiliana transplanted and kept for 24h at three areas potentially contaminated by sanitary sewage (Bücheller river, BUC; Biguaçu river, BIG; and Ratones island, RAT), one farming area (Sambaqui beach, SAM) and at one reference site (Forte beach, FOR) in the North Bay of Santa Catarina Island (Florianópolis, Brazil)...
September 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Vijayant Govinda Gupta, Girdhar Singh Bora, Ravimohan S Mavuduru
The amount of data that is being generated in health care is enormous, especially with the widespread availability of multimedia devices. However, the data keeping in developing countries is still unstructured. Lots of this Big Data is therefore vulnerable to loss. In the current report we highlight the problem and suggest the need for cost effective solution.
April 8, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Edao Sado, Alemu Sufa
BACKGROUND: Essential medicines (EMs) are those medicines which satisfy the priority health care needs of the population. Although it is a fundamental human right, access to essential medicines has been a big challenge in developing countries particularly for children. WHO recommends assessing the current situations on availability and affordability of EMs as the first step towards enhancing access to them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess access to EMs for children based on availability, affordability, and price...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Günter Krampen
Examines scientometrically the trends in and the recent situation of research on and the teaching of the history of psychology in the German-speaking countries and compares the findings with the situation in other countries (mainly the United States) by means of the psychology databases PSYNDEX and PsycINFO. Declines of publications on the history of psychology are described scientometrically for both research communities since the 1990s. Some impulses are suggested for the future of research on and the teaching of the history of psychology...
2016: Scientometrics
Radoslaw Panczak, Leonhard Held, André Moser, Philip A Jones, Frank J Rühli, Kaspar Staub
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, as in other developed countries, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased substantially since the early 1990s. Most of the analyses so far have been based on sporadic surveys or self-reported data and did not offer potential for small-area analyses. The goal of this study was to investigate spatial variation and determinants of obesity among young Swiss men using recent conscription data. METHODS: A complete, anonymized dataset of conscription records for the 2010-2012 period were provided by Swiss Armed Forces...
2016: BMC Obesity
Christopher Austin, Fred Kusumoto
Since the mid 1980s, the world has experienced an unprecedented explosion in the capacity to produce, store, and communicate data, primarily in digital formats. Simultaneously, access to computing technologies in the form of the personal PC, smartphone, and other handheld devices has mirrored this growth. With these enhanced capabilities of data storage and rapid computation as well as real-time delivery of information via the internet, the average daily consumption of data by an individual has grown exponentially...
January 27, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Fan Yang, Dongfu Qian, Dan Hu
The international comparisons that provided useful epidemiologic information of hypertension in the elderly people is still sparse; we aim to provide the latest international estimates on the burden of hypertension. These sampling methods of the selection of surveys mainly used multistage population registry; this cross-national study of 63,014 adults aged ≥50 years was from in four high-income countries, four upper-middle-income countries (UMICs), and three low-middle-income countries (LMICs). Overall, the age-standardized prevalence of hypertension among the adult population aged ≥50 years was 53...
February 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Romain Frelat, Santiago Lopez-Ridaura, Ken E Giller, Mario Herrero, Sabine Douxchamps, Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt, Olaf Erenstein, Ben Henderson, Menale Kassie, Birthe K Paul, Cyrille Rigolot, Randall S Ritzema, Daniel Rodriguez, Piet J A van Asten, Mark T van Wijk
We calculated a simple indicator of food availability using data from 93 sites in 17 countries across contrasted agroecologies in sub-Saharan Africa (>13,000 farm households) and analyzed the drivers of variations in food availability. Crop production was the major source of energy, contributing 60% of food availability. The off-farm income contribution to food availability ranged from 12% for households without enough food available (18% of the total sample) to 27% for the 58% of households with sufficient food available...
January 12, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Joshua Blumenstock, Gabriel Cadamuro, Robert On
Accurate and timely estimates of population characteristics are a critical input to social and economic research and policy. In industrialized economies, novel sources of data are enabling new approaches to demographic profiling, but in developing countries, fewer sources of big data exist. We show that an individual's past history of mobile phone use can be used to infer his or her socioeconomic status. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the predicted attributes of millions of individuals can, in turn, accurately reconstruct the distribution of wealth of an entire nation or to infer the asset distribution of microregions composed of just a few households...
November 27, 2015: Science
Wei Jiang, Yandong Wang, Ming-Hsiang Tsou, Xiaokang Fu
Outdoor air pollution is a serious problem in many developing countries today. This study focuses on monitoring the dynamic changes of air quality effectively in large cities by analyzing the spatiotemporal trends in geo-targeted social media messages with comprehensive big data filtering procedures. We introduce a new social media analytic framework to (1) investigate the relationship between air pollution topics posted in Sina Weibo (Chinese Twitter) and the daily Air Quality Index (AQI) published by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection; and (2) monitor the dynamics of air quality index by using social media messages...
2015: PloS One
Joshua T Bram, Boyd Warwick-Clark, Eric Obeysekare, Khanjan Mehta
In developing countries with fledgling healthcare systems, the efficient deployment of scarce resources is paramount. Comprehensive community health data and machine learning techniques can optimize the allocation of resources to areas, epidemics, or populations most in need of medical aid or services. However, reliable data collection in low-resource settings is challenging due to a wide range of contextual, business-related, communication, and technological factors. Community health workers (CHWs) are trusted community members who deliver basic health education and services to their friends and neighbors...
June 1, 2015: Big Data
Tony Blakely, June Atkinson, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nhung Nghiem, Heather McLeod, Anna Davies, Nick Wilson
AIMS: We aimed to: (i) update previous health system cost estimates (Blakely et al NZMJ 2014;127(1393)) using updated costing data and more refined methods; and (ii) provide context around current developments in the improved networking of health information systems in New Zealand. METHODS: As per our previous work, national health event data were linked for hospitalisations, inpatient procedures, outpatient events, pharmaceuticals, laboratory tests, and primary care consultations for the whole country...
September 25, 2015: New Zealand Medical Journal
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