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Iva Ivanova, Liane Wardlow, Jill Warker, Victor S Ferreira
Speakers sometimes encounter utterances that have anomalous linguistic features. Are such features registered during comprehension and transferred to speakers' production systems? In two experiments, we explored these questions. In a syntactic-priming paradigm, speakers heard prime sentences with novel or intransitive verbs as part of prepositional-dative or double-object structures (e.g., The chef munded the cup to the burglar or The doctor existed the pirate the balloon). Speakers then described target pictures eliciting the same structures, using the same or different novel or intransitive verbs...
October 7, 2016: Memory & Cognition
Shrutal Narendra Deshmukh, Alka M Dive, Rohit Moharil, Prashant Munde
Collagen is a unique, triple helical molecule which forms the major part of extracellular matrix. It is the most abundant protein in the human body, representing 30% of its dry weight. It is the fibrous structural protein that makes up the white fibers (collagen fibers) of skin, tendons, bones, cartilage and all other connective tissues. Collagens are not only essential for the mechanical resistance and resilience of multicellular organisms, but are also signaling molecules defining cellular shape and behavior...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Vijayalakshmi Kari, Wael Yassin Mansour, Sanjay Kumar Raul, Simon J Baumgart, Andreas Mund, Marian Grade, Hüseyin Sirma, Ronald Simon, Hans Will, Matthias Dobbelstein, Ekkehard Dikomey, Steven A Johnsen
The CHD1 gene, encoding the chromo-domain helicase DNA-binding protein-1, is one of the most frequently deleted genes in prostate cancer. Here, we examined the role of CHD1 in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair in prostate cancer cells. We show that CHD1 is required for the recruitment of CtIP to chromatin and subsequent end resection during DNA DSB repair. Our data support a role for CHD1 in opening the chromatin around the DSB to facilitate the recruitment of homologous recombination (HR) proteins. Consequently, depletion of CHD1 specifically affects HR-mediated DNA repair but not non-homologous end joining...
September 5, 2016: EMBO Reports
Reginald Middlebrooks, Heather Carter-Templeton, Angela R Mund
UNLABELLED: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Sara C Larsen, Kathrine B Sylvestersen, Andreas Mund, David Lyon, Meeli Mullari, Maria V Madsen, Jeremy A Daniel, Lars J Jensen, Michael L Nielsen
The posttranslational modification of proteins by arginine methylation is functionally important, yet the breadth of this modification is not well characterized. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, we identified 8030 arginine methylation sites within 3300 human proteins in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, indicating that the occurrence of this modification is comparable to phosphorylation and ubiquitylation. A site-level conservation analysis revealed that arginine methylation sites are less evolutionarily conserved compared to arginines that were not identified as modified by methylation...
2016: Science Signaling
B N Singh, N N Panda, R Mund, K Pramanik
Novel silk fibroin (SF) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) composite nanofibrous scaffold (SFC) were developed to investigate their ability to nucleate bioactive nanosized calcium phosphate (Ca/P) by biomineralization for bone tissue engineering application. The composite nanofibrous scaffold was prepared by free liquid surface electrospinning method. The developed composite nanofibrous scaffold was observed to control the size of Ca/P particle (≤100nm) as well as uniform nucleation of Ca/P over the surface...
October 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Anita Munde, Ravindra Karle
Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) is a rare form of oral leukoplakia, which was first described in 1985 by Hansen et al. Since then, various published case series have presented PVL as a disease with aggressive biological behavior due to its high probability of recurrence and a high rate of malignant transformation, usually higher than 70%. PVL is a long-term progressive condition, which is observed more frequently in elderly women, over 60 years at the time of diagnosis. The buccal mucosa and tongue are the most frequently involved sites...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Menen E Mund, Christoph Gyo, Dörthe Brüggmann, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
Acetylsalicylic acid is a frequently used medication worldwide. It is not used in pediatrics due its association with Reye syndrome. However, in case of pediatric intoxication, children are more fragile to salicylate poisoning because of their reduced ability of buffer the acid stress. Intoxication leads to a decoupling of oxidative phosphorylation and subsequently to a loss in mitochondrial function. Symptoms of poisoning are diverse; eventually they can lead to the death of the patient. Governmental websites of various EU countries were searched for legal information on acetylsalicylic acid availability in pharmacies and non-pharmacy stores...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Adnan Mehonic, Mark Buckwell, Luca Montesi, Manveer Singh Munde, David Gao, Stephen Hudziak, Richard J Chater, Sarah Fearn, David McPhail, Michel Bosman, Alexander L Shluger, Anthony J Kenyon
Electrically biasing thin films of amorphous, substoichiometric silicon oxide drives surprisingly large structural changes, apparent as density variations, oxygen movement, and ultimately, emission of superoxide ions. Results from this fundamental study are directly relevant to materials that are increasingly used in a range of technologies, and demonstrate a surprising level of field-driven local reordering of a random oxide network.
September 2016: Advanced Materials
Sara Vicca, Manuela Balzarolo, Iolanda Filella, André Granier, Mathias Herbst, Alexander Knohl, Bernard Longdoz, Martina Mund, Zoltan Nagy, Krisztina Pintér, Serge Rambal, Jan Verbesselt, Aleixandre Verger, Achim Zeileis, Chao Zhang, Josep Peñuelas
Severe droughts strongly impact photosynthesis (GPP), and satellite imagery has yet to demonstrate its ability to detect drought effects. Especially changes in vegetation functioning when vegetation state remains unaltered (no browning or defoliation) pose a challenge to satellite-derived indicators. We evaluated the performance of different satellite indicators to detect strong drought effects on GPP in a beech forest in France (Hesse), where vegetation state remained largely unaffected while GPP decreased substantially...
2016: Scientific Reports
Waylan K Bessler, Farlyn Z Hudson, Hanfang Zhang, Valerie Harris, Yusi Wang, Julie A Mund, Brandon Downing, David A Ingram, Jamie Case, David J Fulton, Brian K Stansfield
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) predisposes individuals to early and debilitating cardiovascular disease. Loss of function mutations in the NF1 tumor suppressor gene, which encodes the protein neurofibromin, leads to accelerated p21(Ras) activity and phosphorylation of multiple downstream kinases, including Erk and Akt. Nf1 heterozygous (Nf1(+/-)) mice develop a robust neointima that mimics human disease. Monocytes/macrophages play a central role in NF1 arterial stenosis as Nf1 mutations in myeloid cells alone are sufficient to reproduce the enhanced neointima observed in Nf1(+/-) mice...
August 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Ho-Ryun Chung, Chao Xu, Alisa Fuchs, Andreas Mund, Martin Lange, Hannah Staege, Tobias Schubert, Chuanbing Bian, Ilona Dunkel, Anton Eberharter, Catherine Regnard, Henrike Klinker, David Meierhofer, Luca Cozzuto, Andreas Winterpacht, Luciano Di Croce, Jinrong Min, Hans Will, Sarah Kinkley
PHF13 is a chromatin affiliated protein with a functional role in differentiation, cell division, DNA damage response and higher chromatin order. To gain insight into PHF13's ability to modulate these processes, we elucidate the mechanisms targeting PHF13 to chromatin, its genome wide localization and its molecular chromatin context. Size exclusion chromatography, mass spectrometry, X-ray crystallography and ChIP sequencing demonstrate that PHF13 binds chromatin in a multivalent fashion via direct interactions with H3K4me2/3 and DNA, and indirectly via interactions with PRC2 and RNA PolII...
2016: ELife
Ed Mund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: EMS World
Johanna Munding, Andrea Tannapfel
Since the implementation of a nationwide screening colonoscopy the incidence of colorectal adenocarcinoma is decreasing, while the amount of early endoscopically resectable tumours is increasing. Similarly malignant tumors of the upper gastrointestinal tract are diagnosed and resected endoscopically more often. In part, this also depends on improvements in technology.The current guidelines of diagnosis and treatment of squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer exactly define, which lesions can be endoscopically resected curatively...
April 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Linden A Green, Victor Njoku, Julie Mund, Jaime Case, Mervin Yoder, Michael P Murphy, Matthias Clauss
RATIONALE: Transmembrane tumor necrosis factor-α (tmTNF-α) is the prime ligand for TNF receptor 2, which has been shown to mediate angiogenic and blood vessel repair activities in mice. We have previously reported that the angiogenic potential of highly proliferative endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) can be explained by the absence of senescent cells, which in mature endothelial cells occupy >30% of the population, and that exposure to a chronic inflammatory environment induced premature, telomere-independent senescence in ECFCs...
May 13, 2016: Circulation Research
Johannes Spohnholz, Torsten Herzog, Johanna Munding, Orlin Belyaev, Waldemar Uhl, Chris Braumann, Ansgar Michael Chromik
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy is recommended as standard treatment for acute cholecystitis, in 10-30 % a conversion to open cholecystectomy is required. Among some surgeons, this is still perceived as a "complication." The aim of our study was to define characteristics and outcome of patients with acute cholecystitis undergoing conversion cholecystectomy. METHODS: Over a 9-year period, 464 consecutive patients undergoing cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis were analyzed for demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, histopathological, and laboratory findings and surgical outcome parameters...
June 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Paul N Valdmanis, Shuo Gu, Kirk Chu, Lan Jin, Feijie Zhang, Elizabeth M Munding, Yue Zhang, Yong Huang, Huban Kutay, Kalpana Ghoshal, Leszek Lisowski, Mark A Kay
Small RNAs can be engineered to target and eliminate expression of disease-causing genes or infectious viruses, resulting in the preclinical and clinical development of RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics using these small RNAs. To ensure the success of RNAi therapeutics, small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) must co-opt sufficient quantities of the endogenous microRNA machinery to elicit efficient gene knockdown without impeding normal cellular function. We previously observed liver toxicity-including hepatocyte turnover, loss of gene repression and lethality-in mice receiving high doses of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector expressing shRNAs (rAAV-shRNAs); however the mechanism by which toxicity ensues has not been elucidated...
May 2016: Nature Medicine
Nitesh K Mund, Debabrata Dash, Chitta R Barik, Vaibhav V Goud, Lingaraj Sahoo, Prasannajit Mishra, Nihar R Nayak
Protocols were developed for efficient release of glucose from the biomass of Senna siamea, one of the highly efficient biomass producing tree legumes. Composition of mature, 1year and 2years coppice biomass were analysed. For the hydrolysis of the glucan, two pretreatments, cellulose solvent- and organic solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation (COSLIF) and alkali (sodium hydroxide) were used; COSLIF (85% phosphoric acid, 45min incubation at 50°C) pretreated mature biomass exhibited best result in which 88...
May 2016: Bioresource Technology
Timo Schulte, Monika Mund, Ludwig Hofmann, Alexander Pimperl, Birger Dittmann, Helmut Hildebrandt
Regarding the effectiveness of disease management programs (DMPs) in Germany, several studies have been published on the DMP for type 2 diabetes. This pilot study provides methodological insights into evaluating the DMP for coronary heart disease (CHD), which currently includes 1.7 million participants, and reveals trends in healthcare outcomes for mortality, guideline adherent prescribing and costs. Major methodological challenges that need to be considered for the development of an appropriate matching method for this indication have been identified...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Santosh Lakshmanrao Munde, Mohmmed Javed Bhatti, R C Siwach, Anil Gulia, Z S Kundu, Sanjeev Bansal, Sanjay Middha, Hemlata T Kamra
INTRODUCTION: Intercondylar humerus fractures are uncommon in orthopaedic practice. The treatment for the same has been described in the literature and include paragonal and orthogonal fixation by using plates. Tension band wiring as a treatment for the same is sparsely described in the literature. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of "Double Tension Band wiring" method for the treatment of intercondylar fractures of humerus and compare the results with studies involving treatment with locked plates...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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