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Mental health and smoking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295826/prevalence-types-and-associations-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms-and-signs-a-cross-sectional-study-of-1023-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
M Osugo, J Morrison, L Allan, D Kinnear, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained symptoms and signs are common in the general population and can respond to appropriate managements. We aimed to quantify the types and prevalence of unexplained symptoms and signs experienced by adults with ID and to determine the associated factors. METHOD: In a population-based study, 1023 adults with ID aged 16 and over had a detailed health assessment, which systematically considered symptoms and signs. Descriptive data were generated on their symptoms and signs...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#2
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290934/health-related-coping-behaviors-and-mental-health-in-military-personnel
#3
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has highlighted the important link between coping behaviors and mental health symptoms in military personnel. This study seeks to extend these findings by examining each coping behavior and mental health issue individually. This study has four specific aims: (1) test cross-sectional relationships between coping and mental health at baseline and follow-up, (2) examine stability of each variable over time, (3) determine the predictive nature of baseline mental health and coping on subsequent mental health and coping, (4) assess the magnitude of each effect to evaluate the differential predictive value of coping behaviors and mental health symptoms...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284748/sexual-and-behavioral-health-disparities-among-sexual-minority-hispanics-latinos-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#4
Omar Martinez, Ji Hyun Lee, Frank Bandiera, E Karina Santamaria, Ethan C Levine, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S. METHODS: The study included data from 5,598 Latino adults who participated in the 2001-2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274333/smoking-and-common-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-conditions-an-analysis-of-data-collected-via-a-web-based-screening-system
#5
Faith Matcham, Amy Carroll, Natali Chung, Victoria Crawford, James Galloway, Anna Hames, Karina Jackson, Clare Jacobson, Dulka Manawadu, Lance McCracken, John Moxham, Lauren Rayner, Deborah Robson, Anna Simpson, Nicky Wilson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disability in the UK and remains pervasive in people with mental disorders and in general hospital patients. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of mental disorders and smoking, examining associations between mental disorders and smoking in patients with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: Data were collected via routine screening systems implemented across two London NHS Foundation Trusts. The prevalence of mental disorder, current smoking, nicotine dependence and wanting help with quitting smoking were quantified, and the relationships between mental disorder and smoking were examined, adjusting for age, gender and physical illness, with multiple regression models...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262807/gender-and-regional-differences-in-sleep-quality-and-insomnia-a-general-population-based-study-in-hunan-province-of-china
#6
Jinsong Tang, Yanhui Liao, Brian C Kelly, Liqin Xie, Yu-Tao Xiang, Chang Qi, Chen Pan, Wei Hao, Tieqiao Liu, Fengyu Zhang, Xiaogang Chen
Insomnia and the inability to sleep affect people's health and well-being. However, its systematic estimates of prevalence and distribution in the general population in China are still lacking. A population-based cluster sampling survey was conducted in the rural and urban areas of Hunan, China. Subjects (n = 26,851) were sampled from the general population, with a follow-up using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for interview to assess quality of sleep and Insomnia (PSQI score >5). While the overall prevalence of insomnia was 26...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261996/addressing-the-arguments-against-implementation-of-smoke-free-policies-in-psychiatric-facilities
#7
Marguerite Thomas, Robyn Richmond
This essay addresses common arguments against implementing smoke-free policies in mental health facilities drawing on the international research evidence. Key arguments supporting implementation of smoke-free policies in mental health facilities are also outlined. This commentary provides policy makers, researchers, and clinicians with information to dispel myths about smoke-free policies in mental health facilities and provides arguments advocating for implementation of these policies. This article is protected by copyright...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260454/obesity-and-loss-of-kidney-function-two-complications-to-face-for-older-living-kidney-donors
#8
Demet Firat Kaya, Burak Sayin, Hatice Saglam, Bahar Gurlek Demirci, Turan Colak
OBJECTIVES: Although living kidney donors have a minimal lifetime risk of developing end-stage renal disease, long-term complications and physiologic and psychologic sequelae resulting from donation remain unclear because of lack of optimum follow-up after transplant. Here, we evaluated renal function, complications, and physical and mental performance of living kidney donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 147 patients who donated living kidneys between 1981 and 2012 at Baskent University Hospital...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255304/hard-physical-work-intensifies-the-occupational-consequence-of-physician-diagnosed-back-disorder-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up-among-10-000-workers
#9
Emil Sundstrup, Lars Louis Andersen
While musculoskeletal pain is common in the population, less is known about its labor market consequences in relation to physical activity at work. This study investigates whether hard physical work aggravates the consequences of back disorder. Using Cox regression analyses, we estimated the joint association of physical activity at work and physician-diagnosed back disorder in 2010 with the risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of at least 6 consecutive weeks during 2011-2012 among 9,544 employees from the general working population (Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254426/dna-damage-in-lymphocytes-of-patients-suffering-from-complex-traumatization
#10
Liana M Bergholz, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Daniel Heylmann, Manfred E Beutel, Jörg Wiltink, Bernd Kaina
It has been shown that complex childhood traumatization (CCT) increases the risk for severe somatic and mental disorders. However, the somatic pathways linking maladaptive affect regulation and disease are not understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that traumatic stress is linked to the induction of DNA damage. We isolated peripheral lymphocytes (PBLCs) from blood of healthy donors and patients suffering from CCT. Cells were immobilised on slides and stained with anti-phosphohistone 2AX (γH2AX). The number of γH2AX foci, which are an accepted surrogate marker of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), was determined and set in relation to the patient characteristics...
February 9, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252509/providing-tobacco-treatment-in-a-community-mental-health-setting-a-pilot-study
#11
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Dia A Mason, Angela Brumley-Shelton, Heather Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mental illnesses (MIs) are disproportionately affected by tobacco-related disease burden because of higher tobacco use prevalence and poor tobacco treatment outcomes. This pilot study examines the outcomes of delivering an evidence-based tobacco treatment program (the Cooper-Clayton program) in a community mental health setting. DESIGN: A prospective nonequivalent group design was used to assess outcomes. SAMPLE: This study included 47 participants, of which 19 were in a community mental health setting and 28 were from two non-mental-health settings...
January 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249732/utilizing-the-salutogenic-paradigm-to-investigate-well-being-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-other-adversities
#12
Shanta R Dube, Shobhana Rishi
The long-term negative consequences of adverse childhood experiences are well documented. However, less is known about salutogenesis (well-being) among adult survivors of childhood adversity. The 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data were analyzed to assess the contribution of four health promoting factors (physical activity, smoking abstinence, educational level, social-emotional support) with positive health-related quality of life (HRQoL), among adults who retrospectively reported childhood abuse or exposure to other childhood toxic stressors (n=12,032) and separately for adults who reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA)...
February 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245510/smoke-free-mental-health-inpatient-facility-policies-in-australia-variation-across-states-and-territories
#13
Marguerite Thomas, Robyn Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244567/association-between-dietary-sodium-intake-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#14
T M Rush, D Kritz-Silverstein, G A Laughlin, T T Fung, E Barrett-Connor, L K McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of dietary sodium intake with cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Southern California community. PARTICIPANTS: White men (n=373) and women (n=552), aged 50-96 years from the Rancho Bernardo Study, a longitudinal study of cardiovascular disease risk factors and healthy aging. MEASUREMENTS: During the 1992-1996 research clinic visit, a food frequency questionnaire was used to determine daily sodium intake; cognitive function was assessed with Trails Making Test, part B (Trails B), Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), and Verbal Fluency Test (VFT); and medical, clinical and demographic information was obtained...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243443/health-education-and-activity-lessening-the-inequalities-in-mental-health-hea-lti-mental-health
#15
Georgia Richmond, Conor Kenny, Jabed Ahmed, Lucy Stephenson, Jamie Lindsay, Patrick Earls, Donncha Mullin, Howard Ryland
Patients suffering from mental health illness have considerably more physical health disease burden than the rest of the population and are more likely to die 10 to 20 years younger compared with their peers. Diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory disease have been recognised as contributing factors to premature death. Furthermore patients with severe mental illness undertake lower levels of physical activity. The aim of the project was therefore to address the inequalities in physical health that affect patients with mental health illness through designing and implementing a sustainable, transferable, patient-centred education and activity intervention...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243147/sex-specific-impact-of-early-life-adversity-on-chronic-pain-a-large-population-based-study-in-japan
#16
Keiko Yamada, Ko Matsudaira, Eizaburo Tanaka, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Hiroyasu Iso
BACKGROUND: Responses to early-life adversity may differ by sex. We investigated the sex-specific impact of early-life adversity on chronic pain, chronic multisite pain, and somatizing tendency with chronic pain. METHODS: We examined 4229 respondents aged 20-79 years who participated in the Pain Associated Cross-Sectional Epidemiological Survey in Japan. Outcomes were: 1) chronic pain prevalence, 2) multisite pain (≥3 sites) prevalence, and 3) multiple somatic symptoms (≥3 symptoms) among respondents with chronic pain related to the presence or absence of early-life adversity...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240730/delphi-consensus-on-the-monitoring-tools-of-main-individual-risk-factors-for-chronic-diseases-by-the-company-doctor
#17
Marco Cremaschini, Roberto Moretti, Marinella Valoti, Giorgio Barbaglio, Mariangela Arnoldi, Flavia Bigoni, Elena Guaschi, Federico Merisi, Pierluigi Passera, Angelo Rebba, Marino Signori, Maurizio Tomio, Alberto Baldasseroni, Paolo Carrer, Giovanni Costa, Luigi Dal Cason, Azelio De Santa, Umberto Gelatti, Claudio Gili, Andrea Magrini, Giuseppe Masanotti, Giampietro Mosconi, Giantommaso Pagliaro, Ernesto Ramistella, Maurizio Ronchin, Luciano Riboldi, Pietro Sartorelli, Emanuele Scafato, Antonello Serra, Biagio Tinghino, Pasquale Valente, Maria Rosa Valetto, Luisella Vigna
BACKGROUND: Data on individual risk factors for chronic diseases (smoking, physical activity, body mass) are collected by company physicians in heterogeneous ways. This makes comparisons, researches and evaluations difficult. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to find a consensus on evaluation tools for chronic diseases risk factors and for health promotion programs in workplaces that could be performed by company physicians during their clinical activity. METHODS: A first set of tools, proposed by a working group of occupational physicians in Bergamo, was submitted through the Delphi technique to a national expert panel of 22 persons including recognized national experts in specific fields and occupational physicians skilled in health promotion...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#18
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219783/are-we-reducing-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-improving-the-quality-of-life-through-preventive-health-care-results-of-a-population-based-study-in-south-australia
#19
David Alejandro González-Chica, Eleonoral Dal Grande, Jacqueline Bowden, Michael Musker, Phillipa Hay, Nigel Stocks
This study investigated the achievement of lifestyle recommendations and use of preventive medication in people who 1) are obese, 2) or have metabolic risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and/or diabetes), 3) or have cardiovascular disease (CVD), 4) or are healthy, and the impact this preventive health care had on their 'Health-Related Quality of Life' (HRQoL). Cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 with 2379 South Australian adults (57.1±14years; 51.7% females). Physical (PCS) and mental components scores (MCS) of HRQoL were assessed using the SF-12 questionnaire...
February 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215247/physical-activity-smoking-and-the-incidence-of-clinically-diagnosed-insomnia
#20
Li-Jung Chen, Andrew Steptoe, Yi-Huei Chen, Po-Wen Ku, Ching-Heng Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to examine the independent and combined associations of physical activity and smoking on the incidence of doctor-diagnosed insomnia using a nationally representative sample over seven years, taking into account other relevant covariates. METHODS: Participants aged 18 years or older in the 2005 Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) with links to National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data between 2005 and 2012 and without diagnosed insomnia before 2005, were selected into this study (n = 12,728)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
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