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Mental health and smoking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#1
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331186/-addictology-promoting-users-power-to-act
#2
Alain Morel
The notion of risk reduction applies to all uses, drinking of alcohol and smoking including, addictions without drugs likewise. With regard to drugs, mentalities change. We now talk more of risks than fault or deviance. Following, collaboration between health professionals and users, sharing and cooperation are the conditions necessary to develop a modern humanist and social addictology approach.
January 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331001/depression-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-using-beck-depression-inventory
#3
Husnain Athar, Neha Mukhtar, Sher Shah, Fatima Mukhtar
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders are becoming an increasingly common occurrence worldwide and present a major public health concern. Depression has been recognized as a major contributor in mental health disability burden. This study aims to determine the frequency of depression among individuals presenting at a rural health facility in Lahore and to identify the risk factors associated with it.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at Rural Health Centre Kahna Nau, Lahore from January to April 2017...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324903/korean-survey-data-reveals-an-association-of-chronic-laryngitis-with-tinnitus-in-men
#4
Myung Jin Ban, Won Shik Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jae Won Chang, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012 were used to investigate this association. Lifestyle patterns, including smoking and alcohol habits, regular exercise, physical and mental health status, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, and other chronic diseases, were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315965/do-health-related-factors-predict-major-depression-a-longitudinal-epidemiologic-study
#5
Xiao Chi Zhang, Marcella L Woud, Eni S Becker, Jürgen Margraf
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of global disease burden. Hence, examining the role of risk and protective factors for MDD is an important target in psychological research. Various studies showed that obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption are related to depressive symptoms. In contrast, physical activity has been found to be a protective factor. The present population-based study tested whether these health-related factors are prospectively associated with incidence of MDD. Data were taken from the Dresden Predictor Study, which was designed to investigate risk and protective factors of mental health in young women...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307158/relationship-between-sleep-quality-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-sleepiness-during-day-with-related-factors-in-professional-drivers
#6
Samira Joorabbaf Motlagh, Maryam Shabany, Khosro Sadeghniiat Haghighi, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
One of the important reasons for accidents is sleepiness.With this description, the sleep disorders are associated with health and mortality, and not only affect the person but also the family and the whole society. Aim of this study was assessing of relationship between Sleep Quality, Obstructive sleep Apnea and Sleepiness during day with related factors in professional drivers. This was a cross-sectional study measuring correlation between sleep quality questionnaire (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index or PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Stop Bang questionnaire (STOP BANG)...
November 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303396/mental-health-correlates-of-cigarette-use-in-lgbt-individuals-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#7
Christopher F Drescher, Eliot J Lopez, James A Griffin, Thomas M Toomey, Elizabeth D Eldridge, Lara M Stepleman
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals is higher than for heterosexual, cisgender individuals. Elevated smoking rates have been linked to psychiatric comorbidities, substance use, poverty, low education levels, and stress. OBJECTIVES: This study examined mental health (MH) correlates of cigarette use in LGBT individuals residing in a metropolitan area in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants were 335 individuals from an LGBT health needs assessment (mean age 34...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302224/tobacco-use-disorder-and-treatment-new-challenges-and-opportunities
#8
Douglas Ziedonis, Smita Das, Celine Larkin
Tobacco use remains a global problem, and options for consumers have increased with the development and marketing of e-cigarettes and other new nicotine and tobacco products, such as "heat-not-burn" tobacco and dissolvable tobacco. The increased access to these new products is juxtaposed with expanding public health and clinical intervention options, including mobile technologies and social media. The persistent high rate of tobacco-use disorders among those with psychiatric disorders has gathered increased global attention, including successful approaches to individual treatment and organizational-level interventions...
September 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300416/the-association-between-bmi-and-different-frailty-domains-a-u-shaped-curve
#9
M L Rietman, D L van der A, S H van Oostrom, H S J Picavet, M E T Dollé, H van Steeg, W M M Verschuren, A M W Spijkerman
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed a U-shaped association between BMI and (physical) frailty. We studied the association between BMI and physical, cognitive, psychological, and social frailty. Furthermore, the overlap between and prevalence of these frailty domains was examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Doetinchem Cohort Study is a longitudinal population-based study starting in 1987-1991 examining men and women aged 20-59 with follow-up examinations every 5 yrs...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288740/rationale-design-and-pilot-feasibility-results-of-a-smartphone-assisted-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-smokers-with-mood-disorders-project-msmart-mind
#10
Haruka Minami, Hannah R Brinkman, Shadi Nahvi, Julia H Arnsten, Monica Rivera-Mindt, David W Wetter, Erika Litvin Bloom, Lawrence H Price, Carlos Vieira, Remington Donnelly, Lauren M McClain, Katherine A Kennedy, Erica D'Aquila, M Fine, Danielle E McCarthy, J Graham Thomas, Jacki Hecht, Richard A Brown
BACKGROUND: Although individuals with psychiatric disorders are disproportionately affected by cigarette smoking, few outpatient mental health treatment facilities offer smoking cessation services. In this paper, we describe the development of a smartphone-assisted mindfulness smoking cessation intervention with contingency management (SMI-CM), as well as the design and methods of an ongoing pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) targeting smokers receiving outpatient psychiatric treatment...
December 27, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284020/health-status-by-gender-hair-color-and-eye-color-red-haired-women-are-the-most-divergent
#11
Peter Frost, Karel Kleisner, Jaroslav Flegr
Red hair is associated in women with pain sensitivity. This medical condition, and perhaps others, seems facilitated by the combination of being red-haired and female. We tested this hypothesis by questioning a large sample of Czech and Slovak respondents about the natural redness and darkness of their hair, their natural eye color, their physical and mental health (24 categories), and other personal attributes (height, weight, number of children, lifelong number of sexual partners, frequency of smoking). Red-haired women did worse than other women in ten health categories and better in only three, being particularly prone to colorectal, cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283956/examining-the-association-between-psychiatric-disorders-and-cocaine-binges-results-from-the-cosmo-study
#12
Louis-Christophe Juteau, Élise Roy, Djamal Berbiche, Nelson Arruda, Julie Bruneau, Didier Jutras-Aswad
OBJECTIVES: Although cocaine binges and mental health problems have both been identified as significant risk factors for different health hazards, little is known about the relationship between mental health and cocaine binging. Hence, the aim of this study is to examine the association between psychiatric disorders and cocaine binge. METHODS: Participants were part of a prospective cohort study of individuals who either smoke or inject cocaine. The dependent variable, namely a cocaine binge within the past month, was defined as the repetitive use of large quantities of cocaine until the individual was unable to access more of the drug or was physically unable to keep using...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279028/helping-smokers-quit-the-smoking-cessation-leadership-center-engages-behavioral-health-by-challenging-old-myths-and-traditions
#13
Steven A Schroeder, Brian Clark, Christine Cheng, Catherine B Saucedo
Smoking is much more common among persons with behavioral health conditions (mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders). Persons with these disorders are more likely to die from smoking-related causes than any other reason. Studies have shown that stopping smoking can improve mental health function, as well as improve outcomes for substance use disorders. Yet, for a variety of reasons, smoking cessation has not been integrated into the treatment of behavioral health conditions, and in many instances tobacco use was not only condoned but encouraged...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278923/environmental-stressors-and-their-impact-on-health-and-disease
#14
Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Epidemiological, preclinical and interventional clinical studies have demonstrated that environmental stressors are associated with health problems, namely cardiovascular diseases. According to estimations of the World Health Organization environmental risk factors account for an appreciable part of global deaths and life years spent with disability. This Forum issue addresses the impact of the environmental risk factors traffic noise exposure, air pollution by particulate matter, mental stress / loneliness as well as the life style risk factor (water-pipe) smoking on health and disease with focus on the cardiovascular system...
December 26, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278623/depression-and-heart-diseases-leading-health-problems
#15
Matea Raič
Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder in the world population and the most frequent mental disorder in a primary health care. Unrecognized and untreated depression is associated with a poor outcome of treated chronic diseases which co-exist with depression. Depression and cardiovascular diseases are bidirectional related conditions, risks are for each other, and they often co-exist. Depression is a common disorder in cardiovascular patients with a prevalence of 20% to 45%, which is much more frequent than in the general population...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278269/childhood-developmental-vulnerabilities-associated-with-early-life-exposure-to-infectious-and-noninfectious-diseases-and-maternal-mental-illness
#16
Melissa J Green, Maina Kariuki, Kimberlie Dean, Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr
BACKGROUND: Fetal exposure to infectious and noninfectious diseases may influence early childhood developmental functioning, on the path to later mental illness. Here, we investigated the effects of in utero exposure to maternal infection and noninfectious diseases during pregnancy on offspring developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years, in the context of estimated effects for early childhood exposures to infectious and noninfectious diseases and maternal mental illness. METHODS: We used population data for 66,045 children from an intergenerational record linkage study (the New South Wales Child Development Study), for whom a cross-sectional assessment of five developmental competencies (physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and communication) was obtained at school entry, using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275967/effectiveness-and-safety-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-among-mental-health-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
C A Jimenez-Ruiz, J F Pascual-Lledó, A Cícero-Guerrero, M Cristóbal-Fernández, M Mayayo-Ulibarri, C Villar-Laguna
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effectiveness and safety of two smoking cessation medications (varenicline and nicotine patches) in patients with controlled psychiatric disorders in daily practice in a Smoking Cessation Service. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. It was carried on at a smoking cessation clinic in Madrid and used a convenience sampling strategy. We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with psychiatric disorders who attended a Smoking Cessation Service...
December 21, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275777/depression-and-anxiety-symptom-trajectories-in-coronary-heart-disease-associations-with-measures-of-disability-and-impact-on-3-year-health-care-costs
#18
Jorge Palacios, Mizanur Khondoker, Anthony Mann, Andre Tylee, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: As mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) falls, years lived with disability increase. Depression and anxiety are known indicators of poor outcomes in CHD, but most research has measured distress symptoms at one time point, often following acute events. Here we consider the long-term trajectories of these symptoms in established CHD, and examine their association to distinct measures of disability and impact on costs. METHODS AND RESULTS: 803 patients with diagnosis of CHD were recruited from primary care, and completed detailed assessments every 6months for 3years...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261427/addiction-vulnerability-exploring-relationships-between-cigarette-smoking-substance-misuse-and-early-psychosis
#19
Vanessa Clark, Agatha M Conrad, Terry J Lewin, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Ketrina A Sly, Juanita Todd
OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates in adolescents at risk of psychosis are significantly greater than those who are not at risk. Recent research suggests that cigarette smoking in adolescence may be a potential marker of transition to psychosis, although the exact relationship between the two remains unclear. Our aim was to examine whether tobacco smoking is a potential marker of transition to psychosis or subsequent episodes of psychosis, independently of other substance use, or alternatively, if smoking is essentially a general marker of later mental illness episodes...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248389/ethnic-differences-in-cigarette-use-trajectories-and-health-psychosocial-and-academic-outcomes
#20
Michael S Dunbar, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Anthony Rodriguez, Elizabeth J D'Amico
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking among youth is associated with poorer health and psychosocial outcomes. However, few studies address how smoking may differentially relate to the emergence of disparities in functioning across races/ethnicities over adolescence. METHODS: Youth (n = 2,509) were surveyed eight times from ages 11 to 18. We measured cigarette use, academic and social functioning, mental and physical health, and delinquency. Sequelae of change models controlled for sociodemographic factors, and tested whether intercept and slope for smoking trajectories were associated with outcomes at the end of high school, and examined racial/ethnic differences in outcomes assuming similar smoking trajectories across groups...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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