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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#1
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#2
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#3
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#4
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422454/childhood-maltreatment-and-adulthood-poor-sleep-quality-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Available evidence from cross-sectional studies suggests that childhood maltreatment may be associated with a range of sleep disorders. However, these studies have not controlled for potential individual, familial and environmental level confounders. AIM: To determine the association between childhood maltreatment and lower sleep quality, after adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: Data for the present study are from a pre-birth cohort study of 3778 young adults (52...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420189/demographic-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Jayeun Kim, Ho Kim
Relevant demographic and environmental conditions need to be understood before tailoring policies to improve mental health. Using community health survey data from 25 communities in Seoul, 2013, cross-sectional associations between mental health and community level environments were assessed. Mental health outcomes (self-rated stress levels (SRS) and depressive symptoms (DS)) were analyzed. Community environmental factors included green space, green facilities, and annual PM10 level (AnnPM10); socio-demographic factors included sex, age, education, labor market participation, comorbidity, sleep hours, physical activity, smoking, and drinking...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#7
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412950/prevalence-withdrawal-symptoms-and-associated-factors-of-khat-chewing-among-students-at-jimma-university-in-ethiopia
#8
Tilahun Abdeta, Daniel Tolessa, Kristina Adorjan, Mubarek Abera
BACKGROUND: Recently, khat chewing has become a common practice among high school, college, and university students. Regular khat chewing is thought to be a predisposing factor for different physical and mental health problems. It can lead to absenteeism from work and classes. In Ethiopia, to our knowledge no published study has investigated khat withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence, withdrawal symptoms, and associated factors of khat chewing among regular undergraduate students on the main campus of Jimma University in Ethiopia...
April 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412838/self-reported-sleep-complaints-are-associated-with-adverse-health-outcomes-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2002-03-new-zealand-health-survey
#9
Sarah-Jane Paine, Ricci Harris, Donna Cormack, James Stanley
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints in New Zealand adults and determine the independent association of sleep complaints with adverse health outcomes. DESIGN: We used 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey data (n = 12,500 adults, ≥15 years). The prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints was estimated by ethnicity. The relationship between sleep complaints and mental health, physical health and health risk behaviors were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-severe-menopause-symptoms-among-hiv-positive-and-negative-nigerian-women
#11
Patricia A Agaba, Seema T Meloni, Halima M Sule, Amaka N Ocheke, Emmanuel I Agaba, John A Idoko, Phyllis J Kanki
We compared the prevalence of menopause symptoms between women living with HIV to their HIV-negative peers and determined predictors of severe menopause symptoms in Jos, Nigeria. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 714 women aged 40-80 years. We compared prevalence and severity of menopause symptoms using the menopause rating scale (MRS). Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of severe symptoms. Six-hundred and seven (85.0%) were HIV-positive, with a mean duration of infection of 5...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#12
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#13
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403468/serious-psychological-distress-and-smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2008-2014
#14
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Deborah S Hasin, Teresa Janevic, Nina Bakoyiannis, Melanie M Wall
Introduction: The current study examined the relationship between acute (past 30 day) and recent (past year but not past 30 day) serious psychological distress (SPD) and smoking during pregnancy among women in the United States overall, stratified by demographic characteristics, and described the change in the prevalence of prenatal smoking among women with and without SPD, from 2008 to 2014. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of US persons aged 12 and over...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403453/profile-of-maternal-smokers-who-quit-during-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-tasmanian-women-2011-2013
#15
Mai Frandsen, Megan Thow, Stuart G Ferguson
Introduction: Smoking remains the single-most significant preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes, yet around 12% of Australian women smoke during pregnancy. Many women are motivated to quit when they find out they are pregnant, yet few are successful. While previous studies have examined the profile of the maternal smoker compared to her nonsmoking counterpart (Aim 1), little is known about what differentiates women who quit during pregnancy to those who do not (Aim 2). Here, we present results from a study investigating the characteristics of women who were able to quit during pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394104/socio-cultural-effects-on-mental-health-and-common-chronic-diseases-in-primary-care-patients-in-east-and-west-mostar-bosnia-and-herzegovina-preliminary-results
#16
Ivan Vasilj, Marina Vasilj, Branka Aukst Margetić, Ivo Curić, Belma Sarić, Marko Martinac, Dragan Babić, Milenko Bevanda
Since war activities, the previously mixed population of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, live in segregated parts of the town based on ethnicity. The aim of this study was to examine differences in health risks and health status between populations of the two parts of the town. Health status of 300 randomly selected primary care patients was evaluated by practicing family physicians in two main primary care centers in West and East Mostar. Each group consisted of 150 patients. Data were collected between December 2013 and May 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391588/exploring-multilevel-factors-for-family-engagement-in-home-visiting-across-two-national-models
#17
Amanda D Latimore, Lori Burrell, Sarah Crowne, Kristen Ojo, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Sunday Gustin, Lakota Kruse, Daniela Hellman, Lenore Scott, Annette Riordan, Anne Duggan
The associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family engagement within the first 6 months were examined. The variation in family engagement was also explored. Home visiting program participants were drawn from 21 Healthy Families America sites (1707 families) and 9 Nurse-Family Partnership sites (650 families) in New Jersey. Three-level nested generalized linear mixed models assessed the associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family receipt of a high dose of services in the first 6 months of enrollment...
April 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390417/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-with-behavioral-activation-for-smokers-with-depressive-symptomatology-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Elisardo Becoña, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Carmen Senra, Ana López-Durán, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Elena Fernández Del Río
BACKGROUND: Smoking is an important risk factor for mental health-related problems. Numerous studies have supported a bi-directional association between cigarette smoking and depression. Despite the advances in understanding the comorbidity between both problems, the most effective psychological treatment that simultaneously targets smoking and depressive symptomatology remains unclear. The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for smoking cessation with components of behavioral activation for managing depressed mood...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386649/factors-associated-with-different-smoking-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-seyle-study
#19
Raphaela Banzer, C Haring, A Buchheim, S Oehler, V Carli, C Wasserman, M Kaess, A Apter, J Balazs, J Bobes, R Brunner, P Corcoran, D Cosman, C W Hoven, J P Kahn, H S Keeley, V Postuvan, T Podlogar, M Sisask, A Värnik, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman
Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents. In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30...
April 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384395/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#20
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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