keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mental health and smoking

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143095/areca-nut-chewing-is-associated-with-common-mental-disorders-a-population-based-study
#1
Tzu-Yu Lin, Huan-Cheng Chang, Kuang-Hung Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Forms of habitual substance use including cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption have been documented as risk factors of common mental disorders (CMDs). The effects of areca nut chewing on biophysiological tests, metabolic syndromes, and liver function have been reported previously; however, the relationship between areca nut chewing and CMDs remains unclear. This study examined the association between areca nut chewing and CMDs and explored the relationships between areca nut chewing and biophysiological indicators...
November 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138173/cardiovascular-preventive-care-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#2
Sarah Ritchie, Laura Muldoon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with serious mental illness (SMI) are receiving preventive care for cardiovascular disease at the same rate as those without SMI in an interprofessional practice with a mandate to care for persons with barriers to access to the health care system. DESIGN: Quality improvement exercise using a case-matched retrospective chart review. SETTING: Somerset West Community Health Centre in downtown Ottawa, Ont...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137560/randomized-trial-of-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-mental-illness
#3
Mary F Brunette, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels, Emily A Scherer, Stacey C Sigmon, Joelle C Ferron, Meghan Santos, Gail E Williams, Samuel Kosydar, Rosemarie S Wolfe, Doris Lotz, Kelley Capuchino
OBJECTIVE: Medicaid beneficiaries with severe mental illnesses are a financially disadvantaged group with high rates of smoking and poor cessation outcomes. This study examined whether abstinence-contingent monetary incentives improved outcomes when added to cessation treatments at community mental health centers: prescriber visit for pharmacotherapy only (PV only), prescriber visit and facilitated quitline (PV+Q), and prescriber visit and telephone cognitive-behavioral therapy (PV+CBT)...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#4
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126919/school-based-mental-health-services-suicide-risk-and-substance-use-among-at-risk-adolescents-in-oregon
#5
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
This study examined whether an increase in the availability of mental health services at school-based health centers (SBHCs) in Oregon public schools was associated with the likelihood of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and substance use behaviors among adolescents who experienced a depressive episode in the past year. The study sample included 168 Oregon public middle and high schools and 9073 students who participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey (OHT) in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had an SBHC, and 14 of those schools increased availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126193/the-early-onset-of-distress-disorders-and-high-school-dropout-prospective-evidence-from-a-national-cohort-of-australian-adolescents
#6
Peter Butterworth, Liana S Leach
Prior research examining whether depression and anxiety lead to high school dropout is limited by a reliance on retrospective reports, the assessment of mental health at a single point in time (often remote from the time of high school exit) and omission of important measures of the social and familial environment. The current study addresses these limitations by analyzsing 8 waves of longitudinal data from a cohort of Australian adolescents (n = 1,057) in the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (2001-2008)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123024/the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-as-a-tobacco-control-tool-in-the-mental-health-setting
#7
Yvette van der Eijk
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates remain high among people with mental health conditions, even though smoking contributes to negative mental health outcomes and is a leading cause of mortality. Many mental health facilities are not covered by smoke-free laws or do not encourage smoking cessation, and people with mental health conditions are often targeted in tobacco industry promotions. OBJECTIVE: To analyse how the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), to which most countries are a Party, obliges State Parties to review policies and practices for tobacco control in the mental health setting...
November 9, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110202/religiosity-as-a-substance-use-protective-factor-among-female-college-students
#8
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Orly Sarid, Adi Dagan, Orli Grinstein-Cohen, Vered Yeflach Wishkerman
Research exists about religiosity as a substance use protective factor. However, there is little attention of this issue regarding Israeli female college students. Undergraduate religious and secular students were studied. Religious students reported lower last month tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and non-medical prescription drug use. Secular females who smoked, missed class because of party habits and reported easy access to cannabis had a higher probability of binge drinking. This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108437/latent-profiles-of-early-developmental-vulnerabilities-in-a-new-south-wales-child-population-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#9
Melissa J Green, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kristin R Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Nicole O'Reilly, Marilyn Chilvers, Sally A Brinkman, Vaughan J Carr
OBJECTIVE: Detecting the early emergence of childhood risk for adult mental disorders may lead to interventions for reducing subsequent burden of these disorders. We set out to determine classes of children who may be at risk for later mental disorder on the basis of early patterns of development in a population cohort, and associated exposures gleaned from linked administrative records obtained within the New South Wales Child Development Study. METHODS: Intergenerational records from government departments of health, education, justice and child protection were linked with the Australian Early Development Census for a state population cohort of 67,353 children approximately 5 years of age...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104801/childhood-adversities-are-not-a-predictors-of-sstr4met-in-alcoholics
#10
Dominika Berent, Michał Pogórski, Dominika Kulczycka-Wojdala, Ewa Kusideł, Marian Macander, Zofia Pawłowska
Background: Genome methylation may modulate synaptic plasticity, being a potential background for mental disorder. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), known to be frequently reported by patients with alcohol dependence (AD), have been proposed as one of environmental inequities influencing DNA methylation. The study is aiming 1.To assess a promoter region methylation in gene for somatostatin receptor subtype-4 (SSTR4), a receptor for somatostatin, a neurotransmitter engaged in neuroplasticity and memory formation, in patients with AD; 2...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101688/racial-disparities-and-factors-affecting-michigan-colorectal-cancer-screening
#11
Vincent Grzywacz, Nasir Hussain, Neli Ragina
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the various factors that influence colorectal cancer screening in Michigan using 6091 participants in the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System representing adults ≥ 50 years old. METHODS: Screening for colorectal cancer was assessed as fecal occult blood testing or colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy. Full models simultaneously adjusted for alcohol use, angina/coronary heart disease, stroke, heart attack, gender, income, marital status, race, age, diabetes, disability, exercise, health care coverage, health care access, smoking, and mental health...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099301/analysis-of-overlapping-surgery-in-patients-undergoing-microsurgical-aneurysm-clipping-acute-and-long-term-outcomes-from-the-barrow-ruptured-aneurysm-trial
#12
Michael A Mooney, Scott Brigeman, Michael A Bohl, Elias D Simon, John P Sheehy, Steve W Chang, Robert F Spetzler
OBJECTIVE Overlapping surgery is a controversial subject in medicine today; however, few studies have examined the outcomes of this practice. The authors analyzed outcomes of patients with acutely ruptured saccular aneurysms who were treated with microsurgical clipping in a prospectively collected database from the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial. Acute and long-term outcomes for overlapping versus nonoverlapping cases were compared. METHODS During the study period, 241 patients with ruptured saccular aneurysms underwent microsurgical clipping...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092669/the-clinical-impact-of-a-positive-family-history-of-psychosis-or-mental-illness-in-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mentally-ill-adolescents
#13
Saeeda Paruk, Khatija Jhazbhay, Keshika Singh, Benn Sartorius, Jonathan K Burns
BACKGROUND: A family history of psychosis is associated with negative clinical characteristics of psychosis. AIM: We aimed to determine the relationship between a family history (in first-degree relatives) of psychosis (FHP) or of any mental illness (FHM), and the clinical features (including cannabis use) of first episode early onset psychosis (EOP). METHOD: Forty-five adolescents with first episode EOP presenting to psychiatric services were assessed by clinical interview with the following tools: socio-demographic questionnaire, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia (SOS) inventory, and the World Health Organisation's (WHO) Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) for cannabis misuse...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091019/comparing-the-health-of-populations-methods-to-evaluate-and-tailor-population-management-initiatives-in-the-netherlands
#14
Roy J P Hendrikx, Hanneke W Drewes, Marieke Spreeuwenberg, Dirk Ruwaard, Caroline A Baan
Health care no longer focuses solely on patients and increasingly emphasizes regions and their populations. Strategies, such as population management (PM) initiatives, aim to improve population health and well-being by redesigning health care and community services. Hence, insight into population health is needed to tailor interventions and evaluate their effects. This study aims to assess whether population health differs between initiatives and to what extent demographic, personal, and lifestyle factors affect these differences...
November 1, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082788/prevalence-and-predictors-of-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-affiliated-with-aids-service-organizations-in-ontario-canada
#15
Tsegaye Bekele, Jason Globerman, James Watson, Murray Jose-Boebridge, Richard Kennedy, Keith Hambly, Aranka Anema, Robert S Hogg, Sean B Rourke
Up to half of people living with HIV in resource-rich settings experience moderate to severe food insecurity. Food insecurity, in turn, has been linked to adverse health outcomes including poor antiretroviral adherence, poor HIV viral suppression, frailty, and mortality. We estimated the prevalence of food insecurity among 649 adults living with HIV and recruited from community-based AIDS service organizations in Ontario, Canada. Food security was assessed using the Canadian Household Food Security module. We used logistic regression modeling to identify demographic, socioeconomic, and psychosocial factors independently associated with food insecurity...
October 28, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065207/cerebellar-gray-matter-reductions-associate-with-decreased-functional-connectivity-in-nicotine-dependent-individuals
#16
Zhujing Shen, Peiyu Huang, Chao Wang, Wei Qian, Yihong Yang, Minming Zhang
Introduction: Nicotine dependence (ND) is a chronic, relapsing mental disorder characterized by compulsive cigarette seeking and smoking. Although the cerebellum plays an increasingly implicated role in ND, the exact cerebellar alterations in ND remain unclear. Identifying the localization of these cerebellar abnormalities in ND may help to further understand the role of the cerebellum in ND. Thus, we investigated the structural and functional alterations in the cerebellum in a large sample of smokers using the spatially unbiased infratentorial template (SUIT)...
July 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063910/health-status-of-long-term-sick-leave-and-working-female-teachers-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Julia Brütting, Diana Druschke, Silvia Spitzer, Reingard Seibt
OBJECTIVES: Limited research on the health situation of teachers on long-term sick leave is available. The aim of this study has been to describe the health status of female teachers on long-term sick leave (LSFT) in comparison to working female teachers (WFT) and to determine predictors for their state of mental health (MH) and cardiovascular fitness (CF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight LSFT and 300 WFT (average age: 53±5 years old) participated in a screening diagnostic inventory...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062915/electronic-health-record-and-genome-wide-genetic-data-in-generation-scotland-participants
#18
Shona M Kerr, Archie Campbell, Jonathan Marten, Veronique Vitart, Andrew M McIntosh, David J Porteous, Caroline Hayward
This article provides the first detailed demonstration of the research value of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) linked to research data in Generation Scotland Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS) participants, together with how to access this data. The structured, coded variables in the routine biochemistry, prescribing and morbidity records, in particular, represent highly valuable phenotypic data for a genomics research resource. Access to a wealth of other specialized datasets, including cancer, mental health and maternity inpatient information, is also possible through the same straightforward and transparent application process...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059344/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-mental-health-clinic-staff-perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-treating-tobacco-use
#19
Erin S Rogers, Colleen Gillespie, David Smelson, Scott E Sherman
Introduction: Veterans with mental health disorders smoke at high rates, but encounter low rates of tobacco treatment. We sought to understand barriers and facilitators to treating tobacco use in VA mental health clinics. Methods: This qualitative study was part of a trial evaluating a telephone care coordination program for smokers using mental health services at 6 VA facilities. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 14 staff: 12 mental health clinic staff working at the parent study's intervention sites (n=6 psychiatrists, 3 psychologists, 2 social workers, 1 NP), as well as one psychiatrist and one psychologist on the VA's national tobacco advisory committee...
September 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056976/interactions-between-neighbourhood-urban-form-and-socioeconomic-status-and-their-associations-with-anthropometric-measurements-in-canadian-adults
#20
Gavin R McCormack, Christine Friedenreich, Lindsay McLaren, Melissa Potestio, Beverly Sandalack, Ilona Csizmadi
Neighbourhood-level socioeconomic composition and built context are correlates of weight-related behaviours. We investigated the relations between objective measures of neighbourhood design and socioeconomic status (SES) and their interaction, in relation to self-reported waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of Canadian adults (n = 851 from 12 Calgary neighbourhoods). WC and BMI were higher among residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods, independent of neighbourhood design (grid, warped grid, and curvilinear street patterns) and individual-level characteristics (sex, age, education, income, dog ownership, marital status, number of dependents, motor vehicle access, smoking, sleep, mental health, physical health, and past attempts to modify bodyweight)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
keyword
keyword
20097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"