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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166621/lifestyle-transitions-and-adaptive-pathogenesis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
REVIEW
Martina Valentini, Diego Gonzalez, Despoina Ai Mavridou, Alain Filloux
Pseudomonas aeruginosa acute and chronic infections are of great concern to human health, especially in hospital settings. It is currently assumed that P. aeruginosa has two antagonistic pathogenic strategies that parallel two different lifestyles; free-living cells are predominantly cytotoxic and induce an acute inflammatory reaction, while biofilm-forming communities cause refractory chronic infections. Recent findings suggest that the planktonic-to-sessile transition is a complex, reversible and overall dynamic differentiation process...
November 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166501/primary-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-experience-from-the-peruvian-national-cancer-institute
#2
Rosana Ruiz, Zaida Morante, Raul Mantilla, Luis Mas, Luis Casanova, Henry L Gomez
BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas constitute a heterogeneous and rare group of diseases with regional particularities in Latin America. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinicopathological features, relative frequency and survival among patients from a Peruvian institution. METHODS: Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas were defined based on the absence of extracutaneous disease at diagnosis. Classification was performed following the 2008 World Health Organization Classification of Neoplasms of the Hematopoietic and Lymphoid tissues...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166476/-maternal-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-in-children-under-two-years-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#3
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Rosália Garcia Neves, Andrea T Wendt, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The objective was to assess the prevalence of maternal breastfeeding and associated factors in Brazilian children under two years of age. This was a cross-sectional nationwide study in 2013. The outcomes were breastfeeding in children under 24 months and exclusive breastfeeding under six months of age. A hierarchical analysis was performed for associated factors. The analyses were stratified by age (0-5 months and 29 days; 6-11 months and 29 days; 12-23 months and 29 days of age). Prevalence of maternal breastfeeding was 56% for the total sample, and as follows according to age: 80% (0-5 months and 29 days), 62...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166449/caesarean-birth-rates-in-public-and-privately-funded-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Bruna Dias Alonso, Flora Maria Barbosa da Silva, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Carmen Simone Grilo Diniz, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVE: To examine maternal and obstetric factors influencing births by cesarean section according to health care funding. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with data from Southeastern Brazil. Caesarean section births from February 2011 to July 2012 were included. Data were obtained from interviews with women whose care was publicly or privately funded, and from their obstetric and neonatal records. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to generate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for caesarean section births...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166403/integration-of-molecular-typing-results-into-tuberculosis-surveillance-in-germany-a-pilot-study
#5
Marta Andrés, Elke Göhring-Zwacka, Lena Fiebig, Martin Priwitzer, Elvira Richter, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Walter Haas, Stefan Niemann, Bonita Brodhun
An integrated molecular surveillance for tuberculosis (TB) improves the understanding of ongoing TB transmission by combining molecular typing and epidemiological data. However, the implementation of an integrated molecular surveillance for TB is complex and requires thoughtful consideration of feasibility, demand, public health benefits and legal issues. We aimed to pilot the integration of molecular typing results between 2008 and 2010 in the German Federal State of Baden-Württemberg (population 10.88 Million) as preparation for a nationwide implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166352/more-learners-finite-resources-and-the-changing-landscape-of-procedural-training-at-the-bedside
#6
Michael A Gisondi, Linda Regan, Jeremy Branzetti, Laura R Hopson
There is growing competition for non-operative, procedural training in teaching hospitals, due to an increased number of individuals seeking to learn procedures from a finite number of appropriate teaching cases. Procedural training is required by students, post-graduate learners, and practicing providers who must maintain their skills. These learner groups are growing in size as the number of medical schools increase and advance practice providers expand their skills to include complex procedures. These various learner needs occur against a background of advancing therapeutic techniques that improve patient care, but also act to reduce the overall numbers of procedures available to learners...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166315/poly-implants-prosth%C3%A3-se-breast-implants-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Doron Klein, Eran Hadad, Itay Wiser, Omer Wolf, Ortal Itzhaki Shapira, Shir Fucks, Lior Heller
BACKGROUND: Silicone breast implants from the French manufacturer Poly Implants Prosthèse (PIP) were recalled from the European market after the French regulator has revealed the implants contain non-medical-grade silicone filler. In December 2011, following a large increase in reported rupture rate and a possible cancer risk, the French Ministry of Health recommended consideration of the PIP explantation, regardless of their condition. In 2012, the Israel Ministry of Health recommended to replace the implants only upon suspected implant rupture...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166297/assessing-patients-perceptions-of-safety-culture-in-the-hospital-setting-development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-patients-perceptions-of-safety-culture-scale
#8
Clara Monaca, Beate Bestmann, Martina Kattein, Daria Langner, Hardy Müller, Tanja Manser
OBJECTIVES: Both, patient satisfaction and hospital safety culture have been recognized as key characteristics of healthcare quality and patient safety. Thus, both characteristics are measured widely to support quality and safety improvement efforts. However, because safety culture surveys focus exclusively on the perspective of hospital staff, the complimentary information to be gained from patients' perceptions of safety culture has received little research attention so far. We aimed to develop a measure explicitly focusing on patients' perceptions of safety culture in the hospital setting and perform an initial evaluation of its measurement properties...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165825/understanding-the-lived-experiences-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-deep-brain-stimulation-dbs-through-occupational-changes
#9
Jacki Liddle, Jessie Phillips, Louise Gustafsson, Peter Silburn
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS), a surgically based treatment for people living with Parkinson's disease (PD), can result in a significant improvement of motor symptoms. However, the broader impact of DBS and the changes it creates are not well understood. Greater understanding of the experiences and needs related to DBS would enable development of relevant outcome measures and supports. OBJECTIVES: To explore the lived experiences of people undergoing DBS for Parkinson's disease...
November 22, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165798/weight-management-and-physical-activity-throughout-the-cancer-care-continuum
#10
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kathryn H Schmitz, Catherine M Alfano, Jennifer R Bail, Pamela J Goodwin, Cynthia A Thomson, Don W Bradley, Kerry S Courneya, Christie A Befort, Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, William H Dietz, Melinda R Stolley, Melinda L Irwin, Marcas M Bamman, Caroline M Apovian, Bernardine M Pinto, Kathleen Y Wolin, Rachel M Ballard, Andrew J Dannenberg, Elizabeth G Eakin, Matt M Longjohn, Susan D Raffa, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Joanne S Buzaglo, Sharyl J Nass, Greta M Massetti, Erin P Balogh, Elizabeth S Kraft, Anand K Parekh, Darshak M Sanghavi, G Stephen Morris, Karen Basen-Engquist
Mounting evidence suggests that weight management and physical activity (PA) improve overall health and well being, and reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. Although many opportunities exist to include weight management and PA in routine cancer care, several barriers remain. This review summarizes key topics addressed in a recent National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine workshop entitled, "Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum...
November 22, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165789/medicaid-cost-savings-of-a-preventive-home-visit-program-for-disabled-older-adults
#11
Sarah L Szanton, Y Natalia Alfonso, Bruce Leff, Jack Guralnik, Jennifer L Wolff, Ian Stockwell, Laura N Gitlin, David Bishai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about cost savings of programs that reduce disability in older adults. The objective was to determine whether the Community Aging in Place, Advancing Better Living for Elders (CAPABLE) program saves Medicaid more money than it costs to provide. DESIGN: Single-arm clinical trial (N = 204) with a comparison group of individuals (N = 2,013) dually eligible for Medicaid and Medicare matched on baseline geographic and demographic characteristics, chronic conditions, and healthcare use...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165784/interventions-for-managing-skeletal-muscle-spasticity-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
REVIEW
Anneliese Synnot, Marisa Chau, Veronica Pitt, Denise O'Connor, Russell L Gruen, Jason Wasiak, Ornella Clavisi, Loyal Pattuwage, Kate Phillips
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle spasticity is a major physical complication resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to muscle contracture, joint stiffness, reduced range of movement, broken skin and pain. Treatments for spasticity include a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, often used in combination. Management of spasticity following TBI varies from other clinical populations because of the added complexity of behavioural and cognitive issues associated with TBI...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165710/risk-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma-among-69-460-five-year-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-europe
#13
Chloe J Bright, Mike M Hawkins, David L Winter, Daniela Alessi, Rodrigue S Allodji, Francesca Bagnasco, Edit Bárdi, Andrea Bautz, Julianne Byrne, Elizabeth A M Feijen, Miranda M Fidler, Stanislaw Garwicz, Desiree Grabow, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Joyeeta Guha, Nadia Haddy, Momcilo Jankovic, Peter Kaatsch, Melanie Kaiser, Claudia E Kuehni, Helena Linge, Hilde Øfstaas, Cecile M Ronckers, Roderick Skinner, Jop C Teepen, Monica Terenziani, Giao Vu-Bezin, Finn Wesenberg, Thomas Wiebe, Carlotta Sacerdote, Zsuzsanna Jakab, Riccardo Haupt, Päivi Lähteenmäki, Lorna Zadravec Zaletel, Rahel Kuonen, Jeanette F Winther, Florent de Vathaire, Leontien C Kremer, Lars Hjorth, Raoul C Reulen
Background: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk of subsequent primary soft-tissue sarcomas (STS), but the risks of specific STS histological subtypes are unknown. We quantified the risk of STS histological subtypes after specific types of childhood cancer. Methods: We pooled data from 13 European cohorts, yielding a cohort of 69 460 five-year survivors of childhood cancer. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and absolute excess risks (AERs) were calculated. Results: Overall, 301 STS developed compared with 19 expected (SIR = 15...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165629/morbidity-mortality-and-socioeconomics-in-females-with-46-xy-disorders-of-sex-development-a-nationwide-study
#14
Agnethe Berglund, Trine H Johannsen, Kirstine Stochholm, Mette H Viuff, Jens Fedder, Katharina M Main, Claus H Gravholt
Context: Little is known about long-term health outcomes in phenotypic females with 46,XY disorders of sex development (XY females) and the socioeconomic profile is not described in detail. Objective: To describe morbidity, mortality and socioeconomic status in XY females in a comparison to the general population. Design: A nationwide registry study with complete follow-up. Setting: A uniform public health care system...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165340/impacts-of-low-temperature-on-the-teleost-immune-system
#15
REVIEW
Quinn H Abram, Brian Dixon, Barbara A Katzenback
As poikilothermic vertebrates, fish can experience changes in water temperature, and hence body temperature, as a result of seasonal changes, migration, or efflux of large quantities of effluent into a body of water. Temperature shifts outside of the optimal temperature range for an individual fish species can have negative impacts on the physiology of the animal, including the immune system. As a result, acute or chronic exposure to suboptimal temperatures can impair an organisms' ability to defend against pathogens and thus compromise the overall health of the animal...
November 22, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165167/the-relation-between-cigarette-taxes-and-older-adult-smoking-in-zhejiang-and-gansu-what-happened-following-the-2009-chinese-tax-adjustments
#16
Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: In May 2009, the Chinese government raised cigarette excise tax rates and adjusted standards for Grade A cigarettes and Grade B cigarettes. The present study aimed to examine the effects of the tax adjustments in 2009 on smoking behaviors and health outcomes among smokers aged above 45. METHODS: Data from the 2008 and 2012 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study of Zhejiang and Gansu provinces were used to estimate the influence of tax increase on the number of cigarettes smoked daily and health capital...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165165/perceived-effectiveness-rating-scales-applied-to-insomnia-help-seeking-messages-for-middle-aged-japanese-people-a-validity-and-reliability-study
#17
Machi Suka, Takashi Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
BACKGROUND: Communicating health messages is an important way to influence people's behaviors towards health issues. Providers need to incorporate audience's perspective to design more persuasive messages. This study aimed to develop rating scales for measuring audience's perception of effectiveness of health messages in Japanese people. METHODS: The comprehensibility scale including five items and the persuasiveness scale including seven items were designed based on literature review...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165134/level-and-potential-social-ecological-factors-associated-with-physical-inactivity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-moroccan-school-age-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Abdelghaffar El-Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Siham Bouftini, Samira El Fakir, Youness El Achhab
BACKGROUND: Creating a successful intervention that supports an active lifestyle and prevents sedentary one requires a better understanding of the factors associated with physical inactivity (PI) and sedentary behavior (SB). However, these factors have not been assessed among Moroccan adolescents. This study aimed to determine prevalence of PI and SB and to explore their potential social-ecological associated factors in school-age adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 764 students (age range, 14-19 years) were enrolled from six schools in Taza city, Morocco...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165096/depression-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-nothern-greece
#19
Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: Τo assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164993/comparative-effects-of-meditation-and-exercise-on-physical-and-psychosocial-health-outcomes-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: No review papers have examined studies that have directly compared non-active forms of meditation with exercise to evaluate effects on physical or psychosocial outcomes, which was the purpose of this paper. METHODS: Studies were included if they had a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, included a non-active form of meditation and exercise as intervention arms, and evaluated physical or psychosocial outcomes. The quality of included RCTs was rated using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials...
November 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
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