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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759823/self-rated-health-and-wellbeing-among-school-aged-children-with-and-without-special-educational-needs-differences-between-mainstream-and-special-schools
#2
Katharina Rathmann, Theres Vockert, Ludwig Bilz, Markus Gebhardt, Klaus Hurrelmann
BACKGROUND: Studies among students with special educational needs (SEN) in separate special schools (SSS) and mainstream schools (MS) are particularly applicable to educational attainment and social participation. However, indicators of health and wellbeing have rarely been considered. AIMS: This study investigates two related topics: first, health and wellbeing differences between students with SEN in special schools (SSS) and students without SEN in regular schools, and second, the rarely considered question whether health and wellbeing among students with SEN differ between school settings (i...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759055/results-of-a-coordinated-specialty-care-program-for-early-psychosis-and-predictors-of-outcomes
#3
Ilana Nossel, Melanie M Wall, Jennifer Scodes, Leslie A Marino, Sacha Zilkha, Iruma Bello, Igor Malinovsky, Rufina Lee, Marleen Radigan, Thomas E Smith, Lloyd Sederer, Gyojeong Gu, Lisa Dixon
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively evaluated outcomes of OnTrackNY, a statewide coordinated specialty care (CSC) program for treatment of early psychosis in community settings, as well as predictors of outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 325 individuals ages 16-30 with recent-onset nonaffective psychosis who were enrolled in OnTrackNY and who had at least one three-month follow-up. Clinicians provided data at baseline and quarterly up to one year. Domains assessed included demographic and clinical characteristics, social and occupational functioning, medications, suicidality and violence, hospitalization, and time to intervention...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752493/review-of-mental-health-promotion-interventions-in-schools
#4
REVIEW
Michelle O'Reilly, Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Sarah Adams, Nisha Dogra
PURPOSE: The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are appropriately used...
May 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747786/knowledge-and-practices-of-nurses-on-deep-vein-thrombosis-risks-and-prophylaxis-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#5
Khalid Anwer Al-Mugheed, Nurhan Bayraktar
The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and practices of deep vein thrombosis risks and prophylaxis among nurses and to investigate the relation between descriptive characteristics and knowledge and practices of nurses. This descriptive study was conducted with the registered nurses who currently work in a university hospital of Northern Cyprus. Total 165 voluntary nurses composed the sample of the study. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers on the basis of the literature was used as the data collection tool in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741556/eating-at-food-outlets-and-leisure-places-and-on-the-go-is-associated-with-less-healthy-food-choices-than-eating-at-home-and-in-school-in-children-cross-sectional-data-from-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-rolling-program-2008-2014
#7
Nida Ziauddeen, Polly Page, Tarra L Penney, Sonja Nicholson, Sara F L Kirk, Eva Almiron-Roig
Background: Where children eat has been linked to variations in diet quality, including the consumption of low-nutrient, energy-dense food, a recognized risk factor for obesity. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of consumption patterns and nutritional intake by eating location in British children with the use of a nationally representative survey. Design: Cross-sectional data from 4636 children (80,075 eating occasions) aged 1...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741416/does-the-functional-form-of-the-association-between-education-and-mortality-differ-by-u-s-region
#8
Connor Sheehan, Jennifer Karas Montez, Isaac Sasson
To understand the education-mortality association among U.S. adults, recent studies have documented its national functional form. However, the functional form of education-mortality relationship may vary across geographic contexts. The four U.S. Census regions differ considerably in their social and economic policies, employment opportunities, income levels, and other factors that may affect how education lowers the risk of mortality. Thus, we documented regional differences in the functional form of the education-mortality association and examined the role of employment and income in accounting for regional differences...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721689/education-as-dilemmatic-field
#9
Luca Tateo
Psychology of education must discuss a number of relevant ethical, political and societal issues that cannot be simply overlooked as non pertinent to the discipline. For too long educational and developmental psychology have take divergent routes and have not enough dialogued with other fields such as pedagogy. I argue that it is first of all necessary to conceptualize the work of schooling, that is educational processes of teaching and learning in specific social contexts, as complex and dilemmatic fields...
May 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703059/comparing-the-mental-health-of-rural-to-urban-migrant-children-and-their-counterparts-in-china-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jun-Hua Zhang, Li-Xia Yan, Yang Yuan
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the issue of migrant children with peasant parents working in cities has attracted widespread attention in recent years because of the sheer number and the benefits bundled in China's household. The focus has gradually extended from early education opportunities to all aspects of physical and mental development, especially the social adaptation and mental health of migrant children. The negative impact of environment changes on migrant children' mental health is very worrying for parents and the society...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695986/different-institutions-and-different-values-exploring-first-generation-student-fit-at-2-year-colleges
#11
Yoi Tibbetts, Stacy J Priniski, Cameron A Hecht, Geoffrey D Borman, Judith M Harackiewicz
First-generation (FG) college students (students for whom neither parent has a 4-year degree) face a number of challenges as they attempt to obtain a post-secondary degree. They are more likely to come from working-class backgrounds or poverty (Reardon, 2011) and attend lower quality high schools (Warburton et al., 2001) while not benefiting from the guidance of a parent who successfully navigated the path to higher education. FG college students also contend with belonging or "fitting in" concerns due a perceived mismatch between their own values and the values implicit in institutions of higher education (Stephens et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691657/does-the-psychosocial-quality-of-unpaid-family-work-contribute-to-educational-disparities-in-mental-health-among-employed-partnered-mothers
#12
Bonnie Janzen, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten
PURPOSE: The contribution of unpaid family work quality to understanding social inequalities in women's mental health has been understudied and further limited by a scarcity of psychometrically sound instruments available to measure family work. Therefore, using a multi-item scale of family work quality with evidence of validity and reliability, the overall aim of the present study was to determine whether psychosocial qualities of unpaid family work contribute to educational inequities in women's mental health...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675047/menstrual-hygiene-management-and-waste-disposal-practices-and-challenges-faced-by-girls-women-of-developing-countries
#13
REVIEW
Rajanbir Kaur, Kanwaljit Kaur, Rajinder Kaur
Menstruation and menstrual practices still face many social, cultural, and religious restrictions which are a big barrier in the path of menstrual hygiene management. In many parts of the country especially in rural areas girls are not prepared and aware about menstruation so they face many difficulties and challenges at home, schools, and work places. While reviewing literature, we found that little, inaccurate, or incomplete knowledge about menstruation is a great hindrance in the path of personal and menstrual hygiene management...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652611/an-assisted-living-interprofessional-education-and-practice-geriatric-screening-clinic-ipep-gsc-a-description-and-evaluation
#14
Jeannie Lee, Hannah Cioltan, Patty Goldsmith, Beverly Heasley, Marlene Dermody, Mindy Fain, Jane Mohler
As the U.S. population ages and lives longer, we need to assure that future providers are prepared to work in highly functioning interprofessional teams to deliver person-centered care for older adults with complex chronic conditions. Assisted living facilities are ideal venues in which to train interprofessional health sciences students in providing such care. After monthly clinics involving interprofessional students (from the colleges of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, and school of social work) providing team-based care to older adults, students' post-clinic evaluations indicated perceived improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about aging and care of older adults...
April 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574942/the-contribution-of-occupation-to-children-s-experience-of-resilience-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#15
Linda Bowden, Kirk Reed, Ellen Nicholson
BACKGROUND: This qualitative descriptive study explored what occupations children aged 10-13 years participate in and how participation in occupation contributes to resilience from their perspective. Little is known about how occupations contribute to resilience, and less is known from children's perspectives. Exploring how participation in occupation contributes to resilience is important as children continue to face adverse situations; resilience may help protect their development against uncertainty...
March 25, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569461/influence-of-occupational-socialization-on-the-perspectives-and-practices-of-adapted-physical-education-teachers
#16
Chan Woong Park, Matthew D Curtner-Smith
The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the occupational socialization of nine adapted physical educators (APEs). The questions we attempted to answer were (a) What were the perspectives and practices of the APEs? and (b) What factors influenced these perspectives and practices? Data were collected through six qualitative techniques and analyzed by using analytic induction and constant comparison. At the time the study was conducted, the APEs possessed traditional or progressive teaching orientations...
March 23, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565782/evaluation-of-the-substance-abuse-research-and-education-training-saret-program-stimulating-health-professional-students-to-pursue-careers-in-substance-use-research
#17
Kathleen Hanley, Sewit Bereket, Ellen Tuchman, Frederick G More, Madeline A Naegle, Adina Kalet, Keith Goldfield, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: We developed and implemented the Substance Abuse Research Education and Training (SARET) program for medical, dental, nursing, and social work students to address the dearth of health professionals pursuing research and careers in substance use disorders (SUD). SARET has two main components: (1) A novel online curriculum addressing core SUD research topics, to reach a large number of students. (2) A mentored summer research experience for in-depth exposure. METHODS: Modules were integrated into the curricula of the lead institution, and of five external schools...
March 22, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562751/exploring-motivational-interviewing-to-engage-latinos-in-advance-care-planning-a-community-based-social-work-intervention
#18
Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Iraida V Carrion, Krystyna Gonzalez, Elizabeth D Bennett, Kathleen Ell, Mary O'Connell, Beti Thompson, Shiraz I Mishra
Advance care planning (ACP) does not readily occur in medical settings and often gets missed. Older Latinos need ACP information to encourage advance directive (AD) completion indicating preferences for end-of-life (EOL) care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences with counseling using motivational interviewing (MI) techniques and social workers to encourage ACP communication among older Latinos with advance chronic diseases. This study describes stages of readiness to plan for EOL care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533878/work-and-family-transitions-and-the-self-rated-health-of-young-women-in-south-africa
#19
Rachel Bennett, Philippa Waterhouse
Understanding the transition to adulthood has important implications for supporting young adults and understanding the roots of diversity in wellbeing later in life. In South Africa, the end of Apartheid means today's youth are experiencing their transition to adulthood in a changed social and political context which offers opportunities compared to the past but also threats. This paper presents the first national level analysis of the patterning of key transitions (completion of education, entry into the labour force, motherhood and marriage or cohabitation), and the association between the different pathways and health amongst young women...
April 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519190/nursing-students-attitudes-and-use-of-holistic-therapies-for-stress-relief
#20
Elizabeth V Kinchen, Victoria Loerzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore student nurses' openness to using or recommending holistic therapies, the strategies they use to manage stress from school or work, and their perceptions of the impact of holistic therapies on personal health. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative component of a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. METHODS: A convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students in a southeastern U.S. university completed baseline surveys, including demographics and three open-ended questions regarding attitudes toward holistic therapies and strategies used for stress management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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