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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#1
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076541/private-health-care-coverage-in-the-brazilian-population-according-to-the-2013-brazilian-national-health-survey
#2
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Cimar Azeredo Pereira, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Martha Oliveira, Arthur Chioro Dos Reis
This study aims to present the percentages of the Brazilian population holding health insurance plans, itemized by social-demographic characteristics, based on the data of the National Health Survey carried out in 2013, and to compare this information with the administrative data of the National Supplementary Health Agency for the same year. Data from the National Health Survey, and from the Beneficiaries Information System of the National Health Agency for the year 2013, were used. The percentage of people having a health plan was described according to stratification for: all of Brazil, urban/rural, Brazilian official Regions, Brazilian States and state capitals, gender, age group, level of schooling, position in the workforce, ethnic classification, and self-assessed state of health...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#3
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010161/convention-versus-deviance-moral-agency-in-adolescent-gang-members-decision-making
#4
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Maria Pacella, Michelle Renee Broaddus, Katherine Quinn, Carol Galletly, Justin Rivas
BACKGROUND: Adolescent gang members are a source of concern due to their involvement in criminal activity, violence, substance use, and high-risk sexual behaviors. Adolescent gang theories hypothesize that social institutions, including the family and school, fail to meet the needs of adolescents who therefore feel less attachment to these institutions and find an unconventional institution (i.e. the gang) to meet these needs through the gang. OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we will examine the extent to which social disorganization and social control theories, in particular the rejection of conventional norms and aspirations, match adolescents' subjective reasons for their decisions and their future aspirations...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982374/free-access-to-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#5
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Karen Sarmento Costa, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the free access to medicines for the treatment of chronic diseases in the Brazilian population, according to demographic and socioeconomic factors. We also analyzed the most used pharmacological groups, according to funding source: free-of-charge or out-of-pocket paid. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based household survey, of cross-sectional design, based on probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981436/understanding-the-relation-between-medical-students-collective-and-individual-trajectories-an-application-of-habitus
#6
Dorene F Balmer, Michael J Devlin, Boyd F Richards
INTRODUCTION: While medical educators typically attend to group trends, groups are made up of unique individuals. An exploration of Bourdieu's concept of habitus, defined as a system of dispositions, may help medical educators think relationally about the collective trajectory of the group and the individual trajectory of each student. METHODS: We built on our 4‑year, longitudinal study which reported how field, capital, and habitus worked together to explain how medical students, as a group, navigated transitions in undergraduate medical education...
December 15, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929316/assessing-understanding-and-supporting-students-with-autism-at-school-contemporary-science-practice-and-policy
#7
Janine P Stichter, T Chris Riley-Tillman, Shane R Jimerson
Over the past 3 decades, there has been an unprecedented increase in students identified as eligible for special education as a result of students meeting criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The increasing number of students with ASD in the schools presents significant challenges to teachers, school psychologists, and other school professionals working with this population. Although there is considerable research addressing assessment, identification, and support services for children with ASD, there is a need for further research focused on these topics within the school context...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925092/everyday-representations-of-young-people-about-peripheral-areas
#8
Elda de Oliveira, Cassia Baldini Soares, Leandro Leonardo Batista
Objectives: to understand everyday representations of young people about the peripheral areas, with the purpose of establishing topics to drug education media programs. Method: Marxist approach, with emancipatory action research and the participation in workshops of 13 youngsters from a public school of the peripheral area of São Paulo. Results: there are contradictory everyday representations about the State's role, which, on the one hand, does not guarantee social rights and exert social control over the peripheral areas and, on the other hand, is considered the privileged interlocutor for the improvement of life and work conditions...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920942/exploring-the-relationship-between-health-insurance-social-connectedness-and-subjective-social-status-among-residents-of-o-ahu
#9
Lisa M Thompson, Kate A Murray, Sarah Jarvis, Ellen Scarr
Relative position in a social hierarchy, or subjective social status, has been associated with indicators of socioeconomic status and may be influenced by social connectedness. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between health insurance status and subjective social status, using the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (SSS, community version), in the state of Hawai'i with its highly insured population. The secondary purpose is to examine other social determinants that influence social status, including social connectedness...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913689/how-is-low-parental-socioeconomic-status-associated-with-future-smoking-and-nicotine-dependence-in-offspring-a-population-based-longitudinal-13-year-follow-up
#10
Willy Pedersen, Tilmann Von Soest
AIMS: Low socioeconomic status (SES) characterizes smoking and nicotine dependence in adult samples. However, less is known about how parental SES is linked to smoking in offspring and the potential mechanisms at work. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study ( n=1380) from Norway was used. Participants were followed from their mid-teens until their late 20s using survey and register data. Data were collected on parental education, parental smoking, educational aspirations and expectations, school grades and school-related conduct problems...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#11
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#12
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892820/addressing-adolescents-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-risky-behaviours-findings-from-a-school-based-peer-education-evaluation-in-the-western-cape
#13
Furzana Timol, Mohammed Yacoob Vawda, Arvin Bhana, Benita Moolman, Mokhantso Makoae, Sharlene Swartz
BACKGROUND: Peer-education programmes aim to bring about attitudinal and behavioural changes in their target audience. In the South African educational context, peer education is a favoured approach in dealing with issues such as HIV and AIDS, sexual decision-making and substance misuse. Given the reliance on peer-education programmes in the educational system, it is important to establish how well they are working. This study aims to assess the effect of an extensive, structured, time-limited, curriculum-based, peer-led educational programme on first-year high school learners in public schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891100/a-review-about-functional-illiteracy-definition-cognitive-linguistic-and-numerical-aspects
#14
REVIEW
Réka Vágvölgyi, Andra Coldea, Thomas Dresler, Josef Schrader, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
Formally, availability of education for children has increased around the world over the last decades. However, despite having a successful formal education career, adults can become functional illiterates. Functional illiteracy means that a person cannot use reading, writing, and calculation skills for his/her own and the community's development. Functional illiteracy has considerable negative effects not only on personal development, but also in economic and social terms. Although functional illiteracy has been highly publicized in mass media in the recent years, there is limited scientific knowledge about the people termed functional illiterates; definition, assessment, and differential diagnoses with respect to related numerical and linguistic impairments are rarely studied and controversial...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889077/-sex-education-through-popular-education-for-health-in-a-brazilian-rural-social-movement
#15
Luiz Fabiano Zanatta
Based on the ideas of Paulo Freire, the methodological framework of Popular Education for Health (PEH) provides a more adaptable method for sex education, including societal participation as well as the social, historical and cultural dimensions of the population. The purpose of this work is to relate one such PEH experience in sex education, which took the form of a community project with a group of students from 10 to 28 years of age attending Itinerant Schools and with groups from the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) in the state of Parana, Brazil...
November 23, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886730/school-transitions-peer-influence-and-educational-expectation-formation-girls-and-boys
#16
Megan Andrew, Jennifer Flashman
School transitions are a regular feature of the educational career. While they are of general interest as instances of academic change, they also represent instances of peer environment and influence change. Previous theoretical and empirical work suggests peer influence is important for students' academic and educational outcomes, especially for the complex decision-making processes leading up to those outcomes. In this manuscript, we study the impact of peers on educational expectation formation at the 8th-to-9th-grade school transition...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874153/effects-of-personality-traits-on-collaborative-performance-in-problem-based-learning-tutorials
#17
Hye Won Jang, Seung Won Park
To examine the relationship between students' collaborative performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) environment and their personality traits. Methods:This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted using student data of a PBL program between 2013 and 2014 at Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Eighty students were included in the study. Student data from the Temperament and Character Inventory were used as a measure of their personality traits. Peer evaluation scores during PBL were used as a measure of students' collaborative performance...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857530/aspects-from-the-biography-of-professor-cornel-tiberiu-opri%C3%A5-the-beginnings
#18
Alexandru Rotaru
Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş was the founder of the clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and also the first to teach this specialty in Cluj-Napoca in the first half of the twentieth century. Earlier in his profession, Dr. Cornel Opriş went from research into human physiology to practical activity in the field of surgery, to which he was more attracted. He was active both in research and Oral and Maxillofacial plastic surgery, facing unfavorable material and social conditions, exacerbated by the circumstances of war and the relocation of the Faculty of Medicine to Sibiu...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851759/gender-stereotypes-in-science-education-resources-a-visual-content-analysis
#19
Anne H Kerkhoven, Pedro Russo, Anne M Land-Zandstra, Aayush Saxena, Frans J Rodenburg
More men are studying and working in science fields than women. This could be an effect of the prevalence of gender stereotypes (e.g., science is for men, not for women). Aside from the media and people's social lives, such stereotypes can also occur in education. Ways in which stereotypes are visible in education include the use of gender-biased visuals, language, teaching methods, and teachers' attitudes. The goal of this study was to determine whether science education resources for primary school contained gender-biased visuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848740/results-from-estonia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#20
Helena Kruusamäe, Merike Kull, Kerli Mooses, Eva-Maria Riso, Jaak Jürimäe
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, the first of its kind, aims to set baseline physical activity (PA) indicators using the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance grading system. METHODS: A research work group analyzed and selected data for the grade assignment meeting (GAM). During the GAM, 17 leading researchers and policy experts from Estonia assessed the data and assigned grades for each of the 9 PA indicators. In addition, recommendations were provided for further actions to improve the grades...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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