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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936486/the-burden-and-social-determinants-of-asthma-for-adults-in-the-state-of-georgia
#1
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936358/characteristics-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-five-sectors-in-service-industry-between-2004-and-2013
#2
Hyun-Woo Choi, Young-Ki Kim, Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Bo-Young Jang
BACKGROUND: 'Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs)' have been mostly reported in the manufacturing industry but recently the occurrence of industrial injuries has been constantly increasing in the service industry. This research is going to analyze the data about workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five different service sectors and identify characteristics of occupations with the highest approved occupations. METHODS: According to the data released from the Korea Worker's Compensation & Welfare Service, the overview of 12,730 cases of workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five service sectors from 2004 to 2013 is going to be analyzed and the source data is going to be classified by the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations to select the top five occupations that have the highest number of approval...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923520/exploring-associations-between-state-education-initiatives-and-teachers-sleep-a-social-ecological-approach
#3
Kaori Fujishiro, Amy N Farley, Marie Kellemen, Christopher M Swoboda
Social policies that are not specifically aimed at impacting health can still have health consequences. State education reforms, such as standardized testing and stringent accountability for schools and teachers, may affect teacher health by changing their working conditions. This study explores associations between state education initiatives and teachers' sleep, an important predictor of productivity and chronic health conditions. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013 and 2014 data sets provided sleep and demographic data for 7836 teachers in 29 states in the United States...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#4
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#5
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901840/reentry-program-and-social-work-education-training-the-next-generation-of-criminal-justice-social-workers
#6
Nancy D Franke, Dan Treglia, Ram A Cnaan
PURPOSE: Social work plays a marginal role in opposing the trend of mass incarceration and high rates of recidivism, and social work education offers limited opportunities for students to specialize in working with people who are currently or were previously incarcerated. How to train students of social work to work against mass-incarceration is still challenging. METHODS: The authors devised and implemented an in-school social service agency devoted to working with people pre and post release from a prison system...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900801/time-for-action-key-considerations-for-implementing-social-accountability-in-the-education-of-health-professionals
#7
William Ventres, Charles Boelen, Cynthia Haq
Within health professional education around the world, there exists a growing awareness of the professional duty to be socially responsible, being attentive to the needs of all members of communities, regions, and nations, especially those who disproportionately suffer from the adverse influence of social determinants. However, much work still remains to progress beyond such good intentions. Moving from contemplation to action means embracing social accountability as a key guiding principle for change. Social accountability means that health institutions attend to improving the performance of individual practitioners and health systems by directing educational and practice interventions to promote the health of all the public and assessing the systemic effects of these interventions...
September 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846850/building-a-local-medical-workforce-in-tasmania-where-are-international-fee-paying-medical-graduates-likely-to-work
#8
Colleen Cheek, Richard Hays, Penny Allen, Gary Walker, Lizzi Shires
INTRODUCTION: Much of regional Australia continues to face challenges in recruitment and retention of medical practitioners, despite the apparently successful rural medical education initiatives funded by the Commonwealth Government. International fee-paying (IFP) medical students are a significant component of Australian medical education, contributing additional income and more diverse learning environments for universities. Their contribution to the Australian medical workforce is harder to determine...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#9
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816993/parental-guidance-required-how-parents-could-help-reduce-the-shortage-of-minority-physician-assistants
#10
Amanda W Scarbrough, Yue Xie, Steve R Shelton
Physician assistants (PAs) are essential to the health care system, and there are not nearly enough of them to meet the needs of our ethnically diverse population. Factors contributing to a lack of minorities in PA schools are related to academic performance, commitments outside work/school, and social and economic deprivation. From 2014 to 2016, the Texas Area Health Education Center East worked with the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston to implement Physician Assistant Learner Support programming...
September 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/temporary-removal-palliative-care-albania
#11
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801623/social-contact-patterns-relevant-to-the-spread-of-respiratory-infectious-diseases-in-hong-kong
#12
Kathy Leung, Mark Jit, Eric H Y Lau, Joseph T Wu
The spread of many respiratory infections is determined by contact patterns between infectious and susceptible individuals in the population. There are no published data for quantifying social contact patterns relevant to the spread of respiratory infectious diseases in Hong Kong which is a hotspot for emerging infectious diseases due to its high population density and connectivity in the air transportation network. We adopted a commonly used diary-based design to conduct a social contact survey in Hong Kong in 2015/16 using both paper and online questionnaires...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768945/background-on-establishing-a-working-group-to-create-home-clinical-cases-for-education
#13
Taketo Yoshitake
 In Japan there are concerns that there will be a surge in social insurance costs such as medical and nursing care expenses as a result of the baby boom generation reaching the late stages of old age (75 years old and beyond) around 2025 ("The 2025 Problem"). In 2012, the "Outline on Social Insurance and Tax Reform" was approved by the Japanese cabinet and government, including "construction of regional comprehensive care". To promote participation in home medical care by pharmacists, this article presents the roles demanded of pharmacists in regional comprehensive care from the standpoint of physicians, and the discussion of case studies bridging the gap from knowledge learned in lectures to practical applications...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754058/the-impact-of-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-on-graduates-in-the-central-philippines-implications-for-the-global-rural-medical-workforce
#14
J L Siega-Sur, T Woolley, S J Ross, C Reeve, A-J Neusy
INTRODUCTION: Developing and retaining a high quality medical workforce, especially within low-resource countries has been a world-wide challenge exacerbated by a lack of medical schools, the maldistribution of doctors towards urban practice, health system inequities, and training doctors in tertiary centers rather than in rural communities. AIM: To describe the impact of socially-accountable health professional education on graduates; specifically: their motivation towards community-based service, preparation for addressing local priority health issues, career choices, and practice location...
July 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752196/persistent-disadvantages-or-new-opportunities-the-role-of-agency-and-structural-constraints-for-low-achieving-adolescents-school-to-work-transitions
#15
Anne Christine Holtmann, Laura Menze, Heike Solga
School leavers with low educational attainment face great difficulties in their school-to-work transitions. They are, however, quite heterogeneous in terms of their personal and social resources. These within-group differences may influence who shows initiative during the school-to-work transition period and thereby helps employers recognize their learning potential at labor market entry. Yet this recognition also depends on the ways employers select applicants, which may prevent them from discovering such within-group differences...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725209/a-national-early-intervention-system-as-a-strategy-to-promote-inclusion-and-academic-achievement-in-portugal
#17
Vitor Franco, Madalena Melo, Graça Santos, Ana Apolónio, Leonor Amaral
Early intervention with children at risk or facing developmental problems is a practice defined by three fundamental characteristics: being family-centered, being based on the community and on the child's life context, and being conducted by a team with transdisciplinary practice. In this paper we wish to present how the SNIPI-National System of Early Intervention, implemented in Portugal over the past 15 years, contributes to promote maximum development and the full inclusion of children up to 6 years of age and works to prevent school failure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#18
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#19
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#20
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
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