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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636649/factors-associated-with-successful-transition-among-children-with-disabilities-in-eight-european-countries
#1
John Ravenscroft, Kerri Wazny, John M Davis
INTRODUCTION: This research paper aims to assess factors reported by parents associated with the successful transition of children with complex additional support requirements that have undergone a transition between school environments from 8 European Union member states. METHODS: Quantitative data were collected from 306 parents within education systems from 8 EU member states (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain and the UK). The data were derived from an online questionnaire and consisted of 41 questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605275/exploring-social-work-student-education-the-effect-of-a-harm-reduction-curriculum-on-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-opioid-use-disorders
#2
Anthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, M Taqi Tirmazi, Sapphire Goodman, Tracy Cudjoe
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the degree to which a harm reduction intervention course module impacted MSW students' knowledge and attitudes towards addressing opioid use disorder issues and clients. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, data from 124 MSW students was collected between 2011 and 2015. Students completed a 3 hour-course module that focused on harm reduction (HR) philosophy and interventions specifically for opioid use disorders. Students completed pre and posttest of the Harm Reduction Attitude Scale...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#3
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580824/addressing-health-workforce-inequities-in-the-mindanao-regions-of-the-philippines-tracer-study-of-graduates-from-a-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-school-and-graduates-from-a-conventional-medical-school
#4
Servando 'Ben' Halili, Fortunato Cristobal, Torres Woolley, Simone J Ross, Carole Reeve, A-J Neusy
Developing and retaining a high-quality medical workforce in low-resource countries is a worldwide challenge. The Filipino Ateneo de Zamboanga University-School of Medicine (ADZU-SOM) has adopted a strong focus on socially accountable health professional education (SAHPE) in order to address the shortage of physicians across rural and urban communities in the Western Mindanao region. A cross-sectional survey of graduates from two Philippines medical schools: ADZU-SOM in the Mindanao region and a medical school with a more conventional curriculum, found ADZU-SOM graduates were more likely to have joined the medical profession due to a desire to help others (p = 0...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579208/louis-delasiauve-1804-1893-an-alienist-at-the-dawn-of-epileptology-and-pediatric-psychiatry
#5
REVIEW
O Walusinski
This paper aims to honor the memory of the alienist Louis Delasiauve (1804-1893). His classification of the different types of epilepsy based on clinical symptoms is still relevant today and made him a precursor of contemporary epileptology. In 1851, Delasiauve clinically and etiologically isolated 'acute mental confusion' (acute confusional state) from all other forms of dementia. Never deviating from his republican and progressive ideals, he devoted himself throughout the 19th century to treating those insane asylum patients who received the poorest care: epileptics and children with intellectual disabilities...
June 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576290/comparing-acceptance-and-rejection-in-the-classroom-interaction-of-students-who-stutter-and-their-peers-a-social-network-analysis
#6
Stefanie Adriaensens, Sara Van Waes, Elke Struyf
PURPOSE: Recent work has reported adverse effects of students' stuttering on their social and emotional functioning at school. Yet, few studies have provided an in-depth examination of classroom interaction of students who stutter (SWS). The current study uses a network perspective to compare acceptance and rejection in the classroom interaction between SWS and their peers in secondary education. METHODS: The sample comprised 22 SWS and 403 non-stuttering peers (22 classes) of secondary education in Flanders (Belgium)...
June 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572070/class-and-eating-family-meals-in-britain
#7
Ewa Jarosz
This paper examines social differentiation in eating patterns in Britain. It focuses on family meals among individuals with under-age children. Eating with family members has been associated with improvement in wellbeing, nutritional status, and school performance of the children. Modern lifestyles may pose a challenge to commensal eating for all groups, but the scale of the impact varies between social classes, with some groups at higher risk of shortening or skipping family meal time. Eating patterns are differentiated by individual's social class; they have also been associated with educational attainment, work schedules, and household composition...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569602/factors-associated-with-risky-alcohol-consumption-among-male-street-laborers-in-urban-vietnam
#8
Lamprini Mylona, Nguyen Van Huy, Pham Nguyen Ha, Emilia Riggi, Gaetano Marrone
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is of global concern. However, drinking patterns and associated factors remain under-investigated, especially among low socioeconomic groups such as street laborers. OBJECTIVE: Using the social cognitive model as a framework for the study we aimed to identify factors associated with risky alcohol consumption. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires, 450 male street laborers searching for casual works in Hanoi, Vietnam were interviewed...
June 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552638/interprofessional-education-in-pediatrics-child-protection-and-family-services-as-a-teaching-example
#9
Christine Straub, Marcus Krüger, Sebastian Bode
Interprofessional collaboration between different professional groups in the health care system is essential to efficient and effective patient care. Especially in pediatrics, in the field of child protection, and family services it is mandatory to involve experts from different health-care professions to optimize support for children and their families. Interprofessional education in medical schools and specifically in pediatrics is rare in Germany, but is called for by the German National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM)...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#10
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#11
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#12
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490882/connectivity-to-computers-and-the-internet-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Maritta Välimäki, Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Marita Koivunen, Anneli Pitkänen, Christina Athanasopoulou, Minna Anttila
PURPOSE: Information and communication technologies have been developed for a variety of health care applications and user groups in the field of health care. This study examined the connectivity to computers and the Internet among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used to study 311 adults with SSDs from the inpatient units of two psychiatric hospitals in Finland. The data collection lasted for 20 months and was done through patients' medical records and a self-reported, structured questionnaire...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484413/career-preparedness-and-school-achievement-of-portuguese-children-longitudinal-trend-articulations
#14
Íris M Oliveira, Maria do Céu Taveira, Erik J Porfeli
Social Cognitive Career Theory suggests that students' preparedness for the school-to-work transition is a developmental process. Middle school children explore various careers, obtain feedback about their academic progress, and develop career self-efficacy and outcome expectations. These processes advance provisional educational/occupational goals. The literature has suggested articulations between career and academic development and how both vary across demographic characteristics, but longitudinal studies linking these processes are scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482273/neighborhood-disorder-and-glycemic-control-in-late-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Tara L Queen, Katherine J W Baucom, Ashley C Baker, Daniel Mello, Cynthia A Berg, Deborah J Wiebe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of neighborhood characteristics to treatment adherence and glycemic control in late adolescents with Type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As part of a larger study, 220 late adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (aged 17.8 ± 0.4 years, 59.6% female, diabetes duration 7.3 ± 3.9 years) were recruited from outpatient pediatric clinics during their senior year of high school. Adolescents completed self-report measures of adherence behaviors and subjective social status, and their HbA1c values were collected during a lab assessment...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470075/factors-influencing-choice-of-site-for-rural-clinical-placements-by-final-year-medical-students-in-a-south-african-university
#16
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Rainy Dube, Ian Couper, Motlatso Mlambo
BACKGROUND: Most of South Africa's citizens who live in rural or underserved communities rely on the public health care sector to access quality health care. The value of rural exposure through clinical placements is well documented. Medical schools in South Africa have a responsibility to provide solutions that address the prevailing human resources challenges. Despite this commitment, medical students do not necessarily appreciate their role in resolving South Africa's human resources challenges...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452671/evaluation-of-an-audio-visual-novela-to-improve-beliefs-attitudes-and-knowledge-toward-dementia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#17
Timothy J Grigsby, Jennifer B Unger, Gregory B Molina, Mel Baron
OBJECTIVES: Dementia is a clinical syndrome characterized by progressive degeneration in cognitive ability that limits the capacity for independent living. Interventions are needed to target the medical, social, psychological, and knowledge needs of caregivers and patients. This study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a dementia novela presented in an audio-visual format in improving dementia attitudes, beliefs and knowledge. METHODS: Adults from Los Angeles (N = 42, 83% female, 90% Hispanic/Latino, mean age = 42...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449685/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-an-instrument-to-compare-career-choice-influences-and-perceptions-of-nursing-among-healthcare-students
#18
Sok Ying Liaw, Ling Ting Wu, Violeta Lopez, Yeow Leng Chow, Siriwan Lim, Eleanor Holroyd, Khoon Kiat Tan, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: With the availability of more healthcare courses and an increased intake of nursing students, education institutions are facing challenges to attract school leavers to enter nursing courses. The comparison of career choice influences and perception of nursing among healthcare students can provide information for recruitment strategies. An instrument to compare the influences of healthcare career choice is lacking. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument to compare the influences of healthcare career choice with perceptions of nursing as a career choice...
April 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#19
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441674/the-development-of-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-medical-students
#20
Melissa Lewis, Amy Prunuske
Indigenous populations experience dramatic health disparities; yet, few medical schools equip students with the skills to address these inequities. At the University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, a project to develop an Indigenous health curriculum began in September 2013. This project used collaborative and decolonizing methods to gather ideas and opinions from multiple stakeholders, including students, community members, faculty, and administration, to guide the process of adding Indigenous health content to the curriculum to prepare students to work effectively with Indigenous populations...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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