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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328984/does-college-major-matter-for-women-s-and-men-s-health-in-midlife-examining-the-horizontal-dimensions-of-educational-attainment
#1
Jennifer Karas Montez, Wencheng Zhang, Anna Zajacova, Tod G Hamilton
Studies on how education shapes adult health have largely conceptualized education as the quantity of schooling attained, coined the "vertical dimension" of education. While this dimension is important, heterogeneity within levels of education (the "horizontal dimension") may also shape health. Using data from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey on adults aged 45-64 with a Bachelor's degree (N = 667,362), we investigate the association between a key indicator of adult health (physical functioning) and an understudied horizontal dimension of education (college major)...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317533/the-social-genome-of-friends-and-schoolmates-in-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health
#2
Benjamin W Domingue, Daniel W Belsky, Jason M Fletcher, Dalton Conley, Jason D Boardman, Kathleen Mullan Harris
Humans tend to form social relationships with others who resemble them. Whether this sorting of like with like arises from historical patterns of migration, meso-level social structures in modern society, or individual-level selection of similar peers remains unsettled. Recent research has evaluated the possibility that unobserved genotypes may play an important role in the creation of homophilous relationships. We extend this work by using data from 5,500 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine genetic similarities among pairs of friends...
January 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317298/social-participation-and-psychosocial-outcomes-of-young-adults-with-chronic-physical-conditions-comparing-recipients-and-non-recipients-of-disability-benefits
#3
Marjolijn I Bal, Jane N T Sattoe, Harald S Miedema, AnneLoes van Staa
BACKGROUND: Little is known about any differences between young people with chronic physical conditions who do and do not apply for disability benefits in young adulthood for providing insights for future policy and rehabilitation care. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify predictors during adolescence of receiving disability benefits in young adulthood and to compare recipients and non-recipients of benefits in social participation and psychosocial outcomes in young adulthood...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317007/growing-health-partnerships-in-rural-and-remote-communities-what-drives-the-joint-efforts-of-primary-schools-and-universities-in-maintaining-service-learning-partnerships
#4
Sue Kirby, Fabian P Held, Debra Jones, David Lyle
Aim This study explored the partnership between universities and local primary schools to deliver a classroom-based paediatric communication impairment service provided by undergraduate speech pathology students. It aimed to understand how partnerships work to facilitate programme replication. BACKGROUND: The partners included universities sending students on rural clinical placement, local host academic units and primary schools who worked together to provide paediatric speech and language services in primary schools in three sites in Australia...
January 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308705/predictors-of-empowerment-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Hamdiye Arda Sürücü, Dilek Büyükkaya Besen
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that has reached pandemic proportions. In Turkey, the frequency of diabetes in individuals aged 20 years or older has been reported to be 13.7% compared with the worldwide prevalence of 8.5%. Empowerment has been correlated with improvement in diabetic self-management capabilities and glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of "empowerment" in individuals with type 2 diabetes from Turkey. METHOD: This was a secondary analysis with a cross-sectional correlation design using stepwise linear regression to evaluate previously collected data from 220 type 2 diabetic individuals in Turkey from January through July 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302089/identifying-shared-values-for-school-affiliated-student-organizations
#6
Antonio A Bush, Kaitlyn M Buhlinger, Jacqueline E McLaughlin
Objective. To identify shared values for student organizations. Methods. A three-round Delphi approach was utilized to identify and prioritize shared values among student organization leadership. In round 1, student leaders selected 15 values from a list of 36 organizational values and were given an opportunity to include up to five suggestions not incorporated within the original list. Student leaders narrowed the 15 values to 12 in round 2. The top 12 priorities were ranked in round 3 and participants were invited to write a brief statement regarding their perspectives of the results...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290454/-teacher-sick-leave-prevalence-duration-reasons-and-covariates
#7
M-N Vercambre-Jacquot, F Gilbert, N Billaudeau
BACKGROUND: Absences from work have considerable social and economic impact. In the education sector, the phenomenon is particularly worrying since teacher sick leave has an impact on the overall performance of the education system. Yet, available data are scarce. METHODS: In April-June 2013, 2653 teachers responded to a population-based postal survey on their quality of life (enquête Qualité de vie des enseignants, MGEN Foundation/Ministry of education, response rate 53 %)...
December 28, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287186/transitions-into-young-adulthood-extent-to-which-alcohol-use-perceived-drinking-norms-and-consequences-vary-by-education-and-work-statuses-among-18-20year-olds
#8
Christine M Lee, Jennifer M Cadigan, Anne M Fairlie, Melissa A Lewis
INTRODUCTION: With many young adults pursuing post-secondary education and many working, understanding the importance of education and work roles on alcohol use are of developmental and clinical importance. Utilizing a sample of 18-20year-olds transitioning from adolescence to young adulthood, the current study examined how social role statuses in education (i.e., not in school, 2-year students, 4-year students) and work status (i.e., unemployed, employed part-time, employed full-time) were associated with alcohol use, alcohol-related consequences, and perceived drinking norms...
December 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284645/reading-aloud-and-child-development-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-brazil
#9
Adriana Weisleder, Denise S R Mazzuchelli, Aline Sá Lopez, Walfrido Duarte Neto, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Rochele Paz Fonseca, João Oliveira, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVES: Many children in low- and middle-income countries fail to reach their developmental potential. We sought to determine if a parenting program focused on the promotion of reading aloud enhanced parent-child interactions and child development among low-income families in northern Brazil. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomized study of educational child care centers randomly assigned to receive an additional parenting program (intervention) or standard child care without a parenting component (control)...
December 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261541/the-medical-school-admissions-process-and-meeting-the-public-s-health-care-needs-never-the-twain-shall-meet
#10
Jennifer Cleland
Medical schools typically assess how good their selection process is using metrics such as students' assessment performance and the academic success of alumni on later indicators of academic ability and clinical competence, such as Royal College of Physicians or specialty board examinations. To address global issues with the maldistribution of doctors and increasing numbers of new medical school graduates choosing not to work in a clinical context requires different measurements of medical school admissions processes, like those related to graduates' career outcomes (e...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259564/the-impact-of-school-climate-and-school-identification-on-academic-achievement-multilevel-modeling-with-student-and-teacher-data
#11
Sophie Maxwell, Katherine J Reynolds, Eunro Lee, Emina Subasic, David Bromhead
School climate is a leading factor in explaining student learning and achievement. Less work has explored the impact of both staff and student perceptions of school climate raising interesting questions about whether staff school climate experiences can add "value" to students' achievement. In the current research, multiple sources were integrated into a multilevel model, including staff self-reports, student self-reports, objective school records of academic achievement, and socio-economic demographics. Achievement was assessed using a national literacy and numeracy tests (N = 760 staff and 2,257 students from 17 secondary schools)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258348/advancing-the-science-of-behavioral-self-management-of-chronic-disease-the-arc-of-a-research-trajectory
#12
John P Allegrante
This article describes advances in the behavioral self-management of chronic disease from the perspective of a 25-year trajectory of National Institute of Health-funded research in arthritis and cardiopulmonary diseases that has sought to develop a transdisciplinary understanding of how applied behavioral science can be used to improve health behaviors, functional status, and health outcomes. The article traces the arc of a novel research program-conducted in collaboration with physician-scientists at Columbia, Weill Cornell Medical College, and New York University School of Medicine-that runs through social cognitive theory, behavioral economics, and the emerging science of positive psychology in an effort to develop promising new approaches to fostering the adoption and maintenance of health-related behavioral change...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236540/advancing-social-work-education-for-health-impact
#13
Teri Browne, Robert H Keefe, Betty J Ruth, Harold Cox, Peter Maramaldi, Carrie Rishel, Michele Rountree, Joan Zlotnik, Jamie Marshall
Social work education plays a critical role in preparing social workers to lead efforts that improve health. Because of the dynamic health care landscape, schools of social work must educate students to facilitate health care system improvements, enhance population health, and reduce medical costs. We reviewed the existing contributions of social work education and provided recommendations for improving the education of social workers in 6 key areas: aging, behavioral health, community health, global health, health reform, and health policy...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225941/beyond-menstrual-hygiene-addressing-vaginal-bleeding-throughout-the-life-course-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
REVIEW
Marni Sommer, Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Therese Mahon, Sasha Zients, Meredith Jones, Bethany A Caruso
Girls and women experience numerous types of vaginal bleeding. These include healthy reproductive processes, such as menstruation and bleeding after childbirth, but also bleeding related to health conditions, such as fibroids or cancer. In most societies, the management of menstruation is handled covertly, something girls are often instructed about at menarche. The management of other vaginal bleeding is often similarly discreet, although behaviours are not well documented. In many societies, cultural taboos frequently hinder open discussion around vaginal bleeding, restricting information and early access to healthcare...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219194/natural-mentors-social-class-and-college-success
#15
John R Reynolds, Michael Parrish
Natural mentors provide advice, moral support, and assistance to adolescents who aspire to obtain a postsecondary degree, but past studies of the benefits of having an informal adult mentor have yet to resolve several issues. Our analyses of a national sample of high school graduates test three hypotheses: (H1) natural mentoring increases the odds of college attendance and completion, (H2) guidance and career advice are more important for college success than encouragement or role modeling, and (H3) students from poor and working-class families benefit more from mentoring than students from middle- and upper-class families...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#16
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
December 4, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#17
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214021/a-pilot-study-with-early-adolescents-dealing-with-diet-tobacco-and-air-pollution-using-practical-experiences-and-biological-markers
#18
Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone, Franco Berrino
Background: Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents' health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a key social environment that should promote healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. In this field many different programs have been conducted, with mixed results and effectiveness. Research data suggest that comprehensive and multicomponent approaches may have a greater effect on tobacco use and diet, especially when integrated into a community-wide approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205496/critical-caring-theory-and-public-health-nursing-advocacy-for-comprehensive-sexual-health-education
#19
Elizabeth Dickson, Marie L Lobo
Public health nurses (PHNs) often work with adolescent populations at risk for unplanned pregnancies who do not have access to comprehensive sexual health education (CSHE). Evidence-based CSHE can have a significant protective effect on adolescent sexual behaviors. This article applies critical caring theory to public health nursing advocacy for CSHE. Critical caring theory defines the social justice work of PHNs as an expression of their caring as nurses. The lack of CSHE in schools for adolescents is a social justice issue, and PHNs can be important advocates...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199446/advances-in-school-based-interventions-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Cynthia M Anderson, Tristram Smith, Susan M Wilczynski
As the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased, so too has research on interventions to address core and associated features of autism. Although many methodologically rigorous studies on interventions have been reported, their relevance to educators is somewaht unclear. For example, only about 32% of evidence-based strategies identifed in these reviews were conducted in k-12 settings. Current literature also is limited in that, although many studies show that interventions can improve the communication and social interaction skills of individuals with autism, most of this work has been conducted with pre-school children; questions remain about the generality of these findings to school-aged children...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
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