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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#2
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426646/community-mitigation-guidelines-to-prevent-pandemic-influenza-united-states-2017
#3
Noreen Qualls, Alexandra Levitt, Neha Kanade, Narue Wright-Jegede, Stephanie Dopson, Matthew Biggerstaff, Carrie Reed, Amra Uzicanin
When a novel influenza A virus with pandemic potential emerges, nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) often are the most readily available interventions to help slow transmission of the virus in communities, which is especially important before a pandemic vaccine becomes widely available. NPIs, also known as community mitigation measures, are actions that persons and communities can take to help slow the spread of respiratory virus infections, including seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses.These guidelines replace the 2007 Interim Pre-pandemic Planning Guidance: Community Strategy for Pandemic Influenza Mitigation in the United States - Early, Targeted, Layered Use of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (https://stacks...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#4
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423105/-adolescense-pregnancy-in-a-marginalized-rural-community-in-mexico
#5
Alberto Jiménez-González, José Arturo Granados-Cosme, Roselia Arminda Rosales-Flores
Objective: To identify objective and subjective conditions in the lives of pregnant teens within a highly-marginalized community in the state of Puebla, Mexico. Materials and methods: Objective and subjective conditions of pregnant teens were evaluated through a mixed methodology (surveys, observation guides and a structured interview guide). Results: The main family characteristic is the absence of a father due to migration, no desire to study or work and the new meaning of pregnancy: the initial social stigma for engaging in a sexual activity and then, the stigma for being a young mother...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416279/the-impact-of-work-life-balance-on-intention-to-stay-in-academia-results-from-a-national-survey-of-pharmacy-faculty
#6
Tristan Lindfelt, Eric J Ip, Alejandra Gomez, Mitchell J Barnett
PURPOSE: Border-Crossing theory suggests work-life balance and career satisfaction are inter-related and disappointment in work-life balance may predict changes in one's career path. Application of this theory to health profession faculty is plausible but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to examine factors related to reported career change intention among United States pharmacy school faculty and to determine if Border-Crossing theory fits these observations. METHODS: Results from a national web-based survey administered via Qualtrics(®) to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized...
April 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412950/prevalence-withdrawal-symptoms-and-associated-factors-of-khat-chewing-among-students-at-jimma-university-in-ethiopia
#7
Tilahun Abdeta, Daniel Tolessa, Kristina Adorjan, Mubarek Abera
BACKGROUND: Recently, khat chewing has become a common practice among high school, college, and university students. Regular khat chewing is thought to be a predisposing factor for different physical and mental health problems. It can lead to absenteeism from work and classes. In Ethiopia, to our knowledge no published study has investigated khat withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence, withdrawal symptoms, and associated factors of khat chewing among regular undergraduate students on the main campus of Jimma University in Ethiopia...
April 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408785/all-anxiety-is-not-created-equal-correlates-of-parent-youth-agreement-vary-across-subtypes-of-anxiety
#8
Emily M Becker, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg
Research has examined patterns and correlates of parent/youth informant discrepancies in the reporting of youth anxiety. However, little work has examined whether it is better to conceptualize patterns and correlates of informant disagreement across anxiety broadly, or more useful to consider disagreement on specific symptom clusters. Using data from the Child Adolescent/Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS; N = 488; Walkup et al., 2008), the current study applied the most recent recommended analytic strategies to study informant discrepancies and examined differences in the magnitude and patterns of disagreement for: (a) broadband anxiety symptoms, versus (b) symptoms of specific anxiety diagnoses (or anxiety subtypes; e...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407566/-i-started-working-because-i-was-hungry-the-consequences-of-food-insecurity-for-children-s-well-being-in-rural-ethiopia
#9
Virginia Morrow, Yisak Tafere, Nardos Chuta, Ina Zharkevich
Food insecurity, the state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of safe, nutritious food, is a persistent problem in rural Ethiopia. However, little qualitative research has explored how food insecurity affects children over time, from their point of view. What are the effects of economic 'shocks' such as illness, death, loss of livestock, drought and inflation on availability of food, and children's well-being? To what extent do social protection schemes (in this case, the Productive Safety Net Programme) mitigate the long-term effects of food insecurity for children? The paper uses a life-course approach, drawing on analysis of four rounds of qualitative longitudinal research conducted in 2007, 2008, 2011 and 2014, with eight case study children, as part of Young Lives, an ongoing cohort study...
April 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#10
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394964/-association-of-socio-demographic-factors-with-the-age-at-death-due-to-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
Juan Haase, Sebastián Lavanderos, Camilo Riquelme, Andrea Morales
BACKGROUND: The association of cardiovascular diseases with socio-demographic factors has not been fully explored. AIM: To analyze the association of socio-demographic features with the survival time of individuals who died due to cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The death registries published by the Ministry of Health were analyzed. All deaths due to cardiovascular diseases occurred between 2001 and 2013 in people aged over one year were considered...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#12
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392967/gendered-social-learning-nonfamily-institutions-and-attitudes-about-recourse-after-partner-violence
#13
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first study in Vietnam of how gendered social learning about violence and exposure to non-family institutions influence women's attitudes about a wife's recourse after physical IPV. METHOD: A probability sample of 532 married women, ages 18-50 years, was surveyed in July-August, 2012 in Mỹ Hào district. We fit a multivariate linear regression model to estimate correlates of favoring recourse in six situations using a validated attitudinal scale...
January 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388312/african-american-faculty-in-social-work-schools-the-impact-of-their-scholarship
#14
Kimberly Y Huggins-Hoyt, Michael J Holosko, Harold E Briggs, John R Barner
PURPOSE: This study assessed the citation impact of scholarship of African American faculty in the top 25 ranked schools of social work cited in the 2012 U.S. News and World Report. METHOD: The citation impact scores (Hirsch h-index) of these scholars were examined. RESULTS: The overall mean h-index score for the top 25 ranked schools of social work and African American scholars was 6.62 and 12.14, respectively. The individual h-index for almost 80% of these scholars exceeded their respective school mean h-index scores...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388311/the-character-of-published-scholarship-by-top-ranked-african-american-faculty-in-u-s-social-work-programs
#15
Junior Lloyd Allen
PURPOSE: This article examines the publication productivity of the (N = 14) top-ranked U.S. Black/African American scholars in the U.S. News and World Report Schools of Social Work, as identified by Huggins-Hoyt, Holosko, Briggs, and Barner (2015). METHOD: Publication information for each participant were taken from the Publish or Perish software site with an "author impact" search criteria that examined their lifetime publication history. RESULTS: Results suggested that these authors: (a) published collaboratively, (b) published highly on issues pertaining to Black/African American inequality, and (c) published in journals with both high-impact scores and high-impact readership...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383749/creating-a-nursing-student-center-for-academic-and-professional-success
#16
Mary Tantillo, Maria A Marconi, Kathy Rideout, Elizabeth A Anson, Karen A Reifenstein
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the development of an innovative broad-based initiative supportive of academic and professional success, the Center for Academic and Professional Success (CAPS) at the University of Rochester School of Nursing. While CAPS was founded to support all nursing students, it was also carefully developed to meet the special needs of students in the accelerated program for non-nurses (APNN) due to their diversity and the intensity and rapidity of the APNN program...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371549/cognitive-self-regulation-and-social-functioning-among-french-children-a-longitudinal-study-from-kindergarten-to-first-grade
#17
Blandine Hubert, Philippe Guimard, Agnès Florin
This study adds to the body of research examining the links between two components of cognitive self-regulation (inhibitory control and verbal working memory) and social functioning (social integration, social problem solving, and prosocial skills) and focuses on children's sex as a moderator of the association between cognitive self-regulation and social functioning. The participants (N = 131) were French schoolchildren followed from kindergarten (Mage = 68.36 months, SD = 3.33 months) through Grade 1. Using hierarchical regression analyses, three major findings were revealed: (1) inhibitory control was a better predictor than verbal working memory of prosocial skills assessed by peers using the sociometric technique as well as by teachers using questionnaires, after controlling for sex, mother's education, and verbal and non-verbal IQ; (2) the prosocial skills assessed by teachers in kindergarten contributed more to explaining the prosocial skills and peer acceptance assessed in Grade 1 than cognitive self-regulation; and (3) sex did not moderate the relationship between cognitive self-regulation and social functioning...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363381/professional-identity-development-learning-and-journeying-together
#18
Stephanie J Bridges
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy students start to develop their professional values through engagement with the course, practice exposure, staff and fellow students. Group working is an element of pedagogy which draws on the social aspects of learning to facilitate knowledge and skills development, but its potential role in facilitating professional identity formation has as yet been under researched. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the potential of mutual learning through group work to contribute not only to academic knowledge and understanding, but also to the development of students' professional values and selves...
March 25, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362954/chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-patients-reaching-adulthood-a-nationwide-study-in-france
#19
Bertrand Dunogué, Benoit Pilmis, Nizar Mahlaoui, Caroline Elie, Hélène Coignard-Biehler, Karima Amazzough, Nicolas Noël, Hélène Salvator, Emilie Catherinot, Louis-Jean Couderc, Harry Sokol, Fanny Lanternier, Fanny Fouyssac, Julie Bardet, Jacinta Bustamante, Marie-Anne Gougerot-Pocidalo, Vincent Barlogis, Agathe Masseau, Isabelle Durieu, Marc Lecuit, Felipe Suarez, Alain Fischer, Stéphane Blanche, Olivier Hermine, Olivier Lortholary
Background: Although prognosis of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) has greatly improved, few studies have focused on its long-term outcome. We studied the clinical course and sequelae of CGD patients diagnosed before age 16, at various adult time points. Method: Cross-sectional French nationwide retrospective study of patients screened through the National Reference Center for Primary Immunodeficiencies (CEREDIH) registry. Results: Eighty CGD patients (71 males [88...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361198/peer-influence-peer-selection-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-a-simulation-study-using-a-dynamic-network-model-of-friendship-ties-and-alcohol-use
#20
Cheng Wang, John R Hipp, Carter T Butts, Rupa Jose, Cynthia M Lakon
While studies suggest that peer influence can in some cases encourage adolescent substance use, recent work demonstrates that peer influence may be on average protective for cigarette smoking, raising questions about whether this effect occurs for other substance use behaviors. Herein, we focus on adolescent drinking, which may follow different social dynamics than smoking. We use a data-calibrated Stochastic Actor-Based (SAB) Model of adolescent friendship tie choice and drinking behavior to explore the impact of manipulating the size of peer influence and selection effects on drinking in two school-based networks...
March 30, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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