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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151656/unmarried-mothers-postnatal-school-enrollment-the-role-and-intersection-of-demographic-and-socioeconomic-characteristics
#1
Melissa Radey
Drawing from a theoretical model of educational decisions and intersectionality theory, this study examined demographic, socioeconomic, and public assistance characteristics that influence unmarried mothers' postnatal enrollment. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), binomial and multinomial regression techniques were used to examine unmarried mothers' enrollment in their child's first nine years. Results showed unmarried mothers' educational commitment coupled with the influence of race and class indicate that they need additional opportunities to optimize their educations and job opportunities...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#2
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143572/socio-economic-integration-of-the-informal-recycling-sector-through-an-ngo-intervention-at-the-andralanitra-dumpsite-in-antananarivo-madagascar
#3
Harinaivo A Andrianisa, Fanilo M Randriatsiferana, Serge L Rakotoson, Fanja Rakotoaritera
The social status improvement and the degree of integration of the informal recycling sector, by using InteRa, made by the AKAMASOA association interventions at the Andralanitra dumpsite (Antananarivo, Madagascar) was assessed. 20% of the workers from the three activities at the site were interviewed: 325 scavengers, 12 compost producers and three soap manufacturers. It was found that the incomes of Andralanitra workers are relatively low compared to that of people working in the same field in other countries (30-60 USD/month)...
November 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140503/social-action-among-social-work-practitioners-examining-the-micro-macro-divide
#4
Nicole Olivia Mattocks
Social work is a profession that seeks to enhance the well-being of all people and promote social justice and social change through a range of activities, such as direct practice, community organizing, social and political action, and policy development. However, the current literature suggests that the profession's focus on social justice and social action are weakening, replaced by individualism and therapeutic interventions. This article examines data derived from a survey of 188 National Association of Social Workers members from Maryland; Virginia; and Washington, DC, to explore levels of social action participation among social workers and determine whether identifying as a macro-level practitioner would predict higher levels of social action activity compared with being a micro-level practitioner...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129379/children-with-epilepsy-against-their-healthy-peers-and-those-with-headaches-differences-similarities
#5
Dorota Talarska, Michał Michalak, Patrycja Talarska, Barbara Steinborn
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy, like most chronic diseases, affects bio-psycho-social functioning of children and adolescents. The aim of this work was to assess functioning of children with epilepsy compared with the group of healthy children and those with headaches carried out by children themselves and their mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 209 children with epilepsy and 173 children with headaches and 182 healthy students and their mothers. The research tool was Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4...
October 27, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#6
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110527/improving-health-in-at-risk-youth-through-photovoice
#7
Lisa Bashore, Gina K Alexander, D Lynn Jackson, Paige Mauch
Photovoice is a practical method to allow at-risk youth to express the environmental influences in their lives at school, at home, and in their community. This project emerged from an interprofessional collaboration between social work and nursing that focused on school health. The purpose was to explore the factors influencing the mental and emotional health using photographs by students in a largely Hispanic middle school. Ten students were recruited and consented but only eight completed the project. The SHOWeD method was used to assist the students to formally reflect upon their photographs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105237/scientism-conflicts-of-interest-and-the-marginalization-of-ethics-in-medical-education
#8
Christopher Mayes, Jane Williams, Ian Kerridge, Wendy Lipworth
AIM: This paper reports on the findings from 6 focus groups conducted with Australian medical students. The focus groups sought students' perspectives on how the influence of commercial interests on medical practice and education could be managed. METHOD: We conducted 6 focus groups with medical students in New South Wales, Australia. Participants were recruited via student-run medical society and faculty e-mail lists. Forty-nine students from 6 medical schools in New South Wales participated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103352/cyberbullying-and-social-media-information-and-interventions-for-school-nurses-working-with-victims-students-and-families
#9
Elizabeth Byrne, Judith A Vessey, Lauren Pfeifer
Social media has become an increasingly prevalent fixture in youths' lives, with over 90% of teenagers reporting daily usage. These online sites and applications have provided many positive opportunities for youths to connect and share ideas with others; however, social media has also become a major platform for cyberbullying. Victims often experience negative health outcomes directly related to cyberbullying. For this reason, it is critical that third parties, such as school nurses, are well versed in social media and the warning signs of those being victimized by cyberbullying...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102557/textual-analysis-of-general-surgery-residency-personal-statements-topics-and-gender-differences
#10
Laura Ostapenko, Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey, Jessica Walling Sublette, Douglas S Smink, Nora Y Osman
PURPOSE: Applicants to US general surgery residency training programs submit standardized applications. Applicants use the personal statement to express their individual rationale for a career in surgery. Our research explores common topics and gender differences within the personal statements of general surgery applicants. METHODS: We analyzed the electronic residency application service personal statements of 578 applicants (containing 3,82,405 words) from Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited medical schools to a single ACGME-accredited general surgery program using an automated textual analysis program to identify common topics and gender differences...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102043/long-term-consequences-of-landmine-injury-a-survey-of-civilian-survivors-in-bosnia-herzegovina-20-years-after-the-war
#11
Katherine O Ryken, Matthew Hogue, J Lawrence Marsh, Marin Schweizer
INTRODUCTION: Bosnia-Herzegovina is one of the most landmine-contaminated countries in Europe. Since the beginning of the war in 1992, there have been 7968 recorded landmine victims, with 1665 victims since the end of the war in 1995. While many of these explosions result in death, a high proportion of these injuries result in amputation, leading to a large number of disabled individuals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to conduct a survey of civilian landmine victims in Bosnia-Herzegovina in order to assess the effect of landmine injuries on physical, mental, and social well-being...
August 25, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091717/unintended-costs-and-consequences-of-school-closures-implemented-in-preparation-for-hurricane-isaac-in-harrison-county-school-district-mississippi-august-september-2012
#12
Yenlik Zheteyeva, Jeanette J Rainey, Hongjiang Gao, Evin U Jacobson, Bishwa B Adhikari, Jianrong Shi, Jonetta J Mpofu, Darlene Bhavnani, Thomas Dobbs, Amra Uzicanin
INTRODUCTION: School closures, while an effective measure against the spread of disease during a pandemic, may carry unintended social and economic consequences for students and families. We evaluated these costs and consequences following a 4-day school closure in Mississippi's Harrison County School District (HCSD). METHODS: In a survey of all households with students enrolled in HCSD, we collected information on difficulties related to the school closure, including interruption of employment and pay, loss of access to subsidized school meals, and arrangement of alternative childcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083495/earlier-alcohol-use-onset-predicts-poorer-neuropsychological-functioning-in-young-adults
#13
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Georg E Matt, Joanna Jacobus, Irene Li, Claudia Cota, Norma Castro, Susan F Tapert
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment may be shaped by environmental factors such as alcohol intake. Over 20% of U.S. high school students begin drinking before age 14, and those who initiated drinking before age 14 are 4 times more likely to develop psychosocial, psychiatric, and substance use difficulties than those who began drinking after turning 20. Little is known, however, about how the age of alcohol use onset influences brain development. METHODS: This study prospectively examined the effects of alcohol use onset age on neurocognitive functioning in healthy adolescent drinkers (N = 215)...
October 30, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081532/the-educational-and-career-adjustment-of-mexican-origin-youth-in-the-context-of-the-2007-2008-economic-recession
#14
Norma J Perez-Brena, Lorey A Wheeler, Sue A Rodríguez De Jesús, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana Y Umaña-Taylor
Youth's transition out of high school is a complex process that is informed by youth's awareness of available opportunities and resources, social norms, and social belonging and responsibility. Using a quasi-experimental design, this study examined the educational and career adjustment (i.e., college attendance status, post-secondary education type, work status, and work quality) of Mexican-origin siblings who made the transition out of high school before (i.e., 2005 or earlier) or during the economic recession (i...
June 2017: Journal of Vocational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072211/is-accredited-social-health-activists-basic-oral-health-knowledge-appropriate-in-educating-rural-indian-population
#15
Narayana Rao Vinnakota, Suresh Sanikommu, Zaheer Ahmed, S K Kamal Sha, Naveen Kumar Boppana, Srinivas Pachava
INTRODUCTION: Accredited social health activists (ASHAs) are the grassroot level health activists in the community who are involved in health education and community mobilization toward utilizing the health services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the oral health knowledge among ASHAs working in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Five Primary Health Centers were randomly selected, and the total sample was 275...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#16
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065810/teaching-health-care-trainees-empathy-and-homelessness-iq-through-service-learning-reflective-practice-and-altruistic-attribution
#17
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064299/multilevel-modeling-of-chronotype-and-weekdays-versus-weekends-to-predict-nonrestorative-sleep
#18
Joshua Tutek, Hylton E Molzof, Kenneth L Lichstein
Nonrestorative sleep, a form of subjective sleep disturbance that has been largely neglected in the literature, is newly accessible to researchers via the validated restorative sleep questionnaire (RSQ). The daily version of the RSQ allows for analysis of within-subjects variation in restorative sleep across repeated samplings, and such day-to-day regularity in sleep variables has been highlighted as an important new direction for research. The present study used a sophisticated statistical approach, multilevel modeling, to examine the contributions of circadian chronotype, calendar day of questionnaire completion (weekends versus weekdays), and their interaction in explaining both interindividual and intraindividual variance in restorative sleep...
October 24, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058510/medical-student-perceptions-of-an-initial-collaborative-immersion-experience
#19
Joseph B House, Jacob Cedarbaum, Fatema Haque, Michael Wheaton, Jennifer Vredeveld, Joel Purkiss, Laurel Moore, Sally A Santen, Michelle Daniel
Recent reviews of interprofessional education (IPE) highlight the need for innovative curricula focused on longitudinal clinical learning. We describe the development and early outcomes of the initial clinical experience (ICE), a longitudinal practice-based course for first-year medical students. While IPE courses focus on student-to-student interaction, ICE focuses on introducing students to interprofessional collaboration. Students attend 14 sessions at one of 18 different clinical sites. They work directly with different health professionals from among 17 possible professions, including nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and respiratory, occupational, and physical therapists...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056347/addressing-professionalism-social-and-communication-competencies-in-surgical-residency-via-integrated-humanities-workshops-a-pilot-curriculum
#20
Jennifer Colvin, Judith French, Allan Siperstein, Tony R Capizzani, Vikram D Krishnamurthy
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to conduct professionalism and social competencies (PSC) training by integrating humanities into structured workshops, and to assess reception of this curriculum by first-year surgical residents. DESIGN: An IRB-approved, pilot curriculum consisting of 4 interactive workshops for surgical interns was developed. The workshops were scheduled quarterly, often in small group format, and supplemental readings were assigned. Humanities media utilized to illustrate PSC included survival scenarios, reflective writing, television portrayals, and social media...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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