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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729828/working-memory-profiles-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-hiv-infected-children-a-comparison-with-neurotypical-controls
#1
Robyn Milligan, Kate Cockcroft
This study compared the working memory profiles of three groups of children, namely HIV-infected (HIV-I; n = 95), HIV-exposed, uninfected (HIV-EU; n = 86) and an HIV-unexposed, uninfected, (HIV-UU; n = 92) neurotypical control group. Working memory, an executive function, plays an important role in frontal lobe-controlled behaviors, such as motivation, planning, decision making, and social interaction, and is a strong predictor of academic success in school children. Memory impairments have been identified in HIV-I children, particularly in visuospatial processing...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725209/a-national-early-intervention-system-as-a-strategy-to-promote-inclusion-and-academic-achievement-in-portugal
#3
Vitor Franco, Madalena Melo, Graça Santos, Ana Apolónio, Leonor Amaral
Early intervention with children at risk or facing developmental problems is a practice defined by three fundamental characteristics: being family-centered, being based on the community and on the child's life context, and being conducted by a team with transdisciplinary practice. In this paper we wish to present how the SNIPI-National System of Early Intervention, implemented in Portugal over the past 15 years, contributes to promote maximum development and the full inclusion of children up to 6 years of age and works to prevent school failure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#4
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#5
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#6
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#7
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708245/health-equity-issues-related-to-childhood-obesity-a-scoping-review
#8
Clemencia M Vargas, Elsie M Stines, Herta S Granado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the health-equity issues that relate to childhood obesity. METHODS: Health-equity issues related to childhood obesity were identified by analyzing food environment, natural and built environment, and social environment. The authors searched Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science, using the keywords "children" and "obesity." Specific terms for each environment were added: "food desert," "advertising," "insecurity," "price," "processing," "trade," and "school" for food environment; "urban design," "land use," "transportation mode," "public facilities," and "market access" for natural and built environment; and "financial capacity/poverty," "living conditions," "transport access," "remoteness," "social support," "social cohesion," "working practices," "eating habits," "time," and "social norms" for social environment...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706763/comparison-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-educated-and-uneducated-adults-regarding-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-karachi-pakistan
#9
Zainab Ahmad, Sara Sadiq, Mariam Asghar, Alizay Rashid Khan, Omer Arif, Syed Hamza Shah, Shahrukh Nadeem, Yamna Waseem, Rafi Aibani, Ammar Salman Syed, Rabia M Mustafa, Zainab Abdulrahman, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Pakistan, no prior work has been done to specifically highlight the importance of education as a social vaccine against HIV. Therefore, our study focuses on differences in knowledge and practices regarding HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among educated and uneducated adults. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out in which data was collected from all over Karachi...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691307/socio-sexual-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-existing-literature
#10
Grace I P Hancock, Mark A Stokes, Gary B Mesibov
Socio-sexual functioning encompasses an individual's interests, behaviors, and knowledge with respect to sexual, romantic, and social aspects of life. An individual's understanding of these domains is developed through a range of informal and formal avenues of sexual health education. The current model demonstrated this and proposed that, compared to typically developing individuals, those with ASD develop socio-sexual functioning differently due to having less peer engagement, less relationship experience, more parental guidance, greater use of online materials, receive less school-based sexual health education, and more support from wellbeing services...
July 10, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691176/attitudes-norms-and-the-effect-of-social-connectedness-on-adolescent-sexual-risk-intention
#11
Julie A Cederbaum, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Kathrine Sullivan, Kandice Gray
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors put adolescents at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Parents, school-based adults, and peers play important roles in influencing these sex intentions. METHODS: This work explored the influence of parent-child sex communication on adolescent attitudes, perceived norms, and intentions to have sex, including the moderating role of social support from school-based adults, in a sample of 21,731 adolescents in California. RESULTS: Although increased parent-child sex communication was associated with intentions to have sex, it also exhibited protective effects, increasing abstinence attitudes among youth that led to decreased intention directly and via support from school-based adults...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685909/multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-in-adolescence-as-a-predictor-of-medical-and-social-welfare-benefits-in-young-adulthood-the-norwegian-arctic-adolescent-health-cohort-study
#12
C Eckhoff, B Straume, S Kvernmo
BACKGROUND: Pain in adolescence is associated with mental health problems, the main reason for work disability in young adults. This study explores the relationship between multisite musculoskeletal pain in adolescence and later medical (sickness and medical rehabilitation benefits) and social welfare benefits, adjusted for sociodemographic, adolescent psychosocial and mental health problems. METHODS: Data were obtained by linkage between the National Insurance Registry (2003-11) and the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study, a school-based survey in North Norway (2003-05), accepted by 3987 fifteen- to sixteen-year-olds (68% of the total population)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685410/school-functions-in-unaffected-siblings-of-youths-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Yi-Ling Chien, En-Nien Tu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
This study investigated school functioning among unaffected siblings of youths with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and identified the correlates for school maladjustment. We recruited 66 youths with a clinical diagnosis of ASD, aged 8-19, their unaffected siblings and 132 typically developing controls (TD). We found that ASD youths had poorer school functions than unaffected siblings and TD. Unaffected siblings had poorer attitude toward schoolwork and more severe behavioral problems at school than TD. Several associated factors for different scholastic functional domains (i...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681642/indonesian-teachers-epistemological-beliefs-and-inclusive-education
#14
Kieron Sheehy, Budiyanto, Helen Kaye, Khofidotur Rofiah
A growing number of children with intellectual disabilities attend inclusive schools in Indonesia. Previous research has suggested that teachers' type of school and experience influences their beliefs about inclusive education. This research collected questionnaire data from 267 Indonesian teachers and compared the responses from those working in inclusive, special and regular schools regarding their epistemological and pedagogical beliefs. The results showed that teachers in inclusive schools expressed stronger social constructivist beliefs than those in other schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680519/association-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-work-performance-a-survey-from-an-emergency-medical-service-karachi-pakistan
#15
Salima Kerai, Omrana Pasha, Uzma Khan, Muhammad Islam, Nargis Asad, Junaid Razzak
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to explore the association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and work performance of emergency medical services personnel in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: Emergency medical service personnel were screened for potential PTSD using Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Work performance was assessed on the basis of five variables: number of late arrivals to work, number of days absent, number of days sick, adherence to protocol, and patient satisfaction over a period of 3 months...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678105/a-national-longitudinal-survey-of-medical-students-intentions-to-practice-among-the-underserved
#16
Thomas F O'Connell, Sandra A Ham, Theodore G Hart, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
PURPOSE: To explore students' intentions to practice in medically underserved areas. METHOD: In January 2011, 960 third-year medical students from 24 MD-granting U.S. medical schools were invited to participate in a survey on their intention to practice in a medically underserved area. A follow-up survey was sent to participants in September 2011. Covariates included student demographics, medical school characteristics, environmental exposures, work experiences, sense of calling, and religious characteristics...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673914/the-effect-of-hypoxia-on-fish-schooling
#17
REVIEW
Paolo Domenici, John F Steffensen, Stefano Marras
Low-oxygen areas are expanding in the oceans as a result of climate change. Work carried out during the past two decades suggests that, in addition to impairing basic physiological functions, hypoxia can also affect fish behaviour. Given that many fish species are known to school, and that schooling is advantageous for their survival, the effect of hypoxia on schooling behaviour may have important ecological consequences. Here, we review the effects of hypoxia on school structure and dynamics, together with the mechanisms that cause an increase in school volume and that ultimately lead to school disruption...
August 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670230/impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-daily-life-an-online-survey-by-the-korean-association-for-the-study-of-intestinal-diseases
#18
Young Sun Kim, Sung-Ae Jung, Kang-Moon Lee, Soo Jung Park, Tae Oh Kim, Chang Hwan Choi, Hyun Gun Kim, Won Moon, Chang Mo Moon, Hye Kyoung Song, Soo-Young Na, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disabling gastrointestinal disorder that diminishes the quality of life of the affected individuals. Limited data are available regarding the impact of IBD on the daily life of Koreans. METHODS: Self-administered, computer-aided, internet-based questionnaires were distributed to members of a Korean patient organization for IBD from March to April 2013, by the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases...
July 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669646/-assessment-of-employment-s-impact-on-breastfeeding-practices
#19
H Hamada, S Chala, A Barkat, A Lakhdar
OBJECTIVE: Employment is recognized as a weaning factor in many studies. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of employment on women's breastfeeding (BF) with a duration longer than 6 months in a Moroccan population. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2015 and April 2016 in four hospitals in the region of Rabat-Salé, Morocco. All ages were included with the condition that the woman had at least one living child. A questionnaire-based interview collected data on the duration of BF for each child, breast milk storage practices, woman's opinion on BF, and the perception of work conditions during BF...
June 29, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667888/cognitive-impairment-as-measured-by-the-thinc-integrated-tool-thinc-it-association-with-psychosocial-function-in-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Danielle S Cha, Nicole E Carmona, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Rodrigo B Mansur, Yena Lee, Jae Hon Lee, JungGoo Lee, Joshua D Rosenblat, Margarita Shekotikhina, Caroline Park, Carola Rong, Tracy L Greer, Raymond Lam, Bernhard T Baune, John Harrison, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial impairment represents an important treatment target in major depressive disorder (MDD). The majority of patients with MDD do not regain premorbid levels of psychosocial functioning despite the resolution of core depressive symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the respective effects of cognitive function and depression severity on impaired psychosocial function in MDD. METHODS: Adults aged 18-65 with moderate-to-severe MDD (n = 100) and age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls participated in a cross-sectional study validating the THINC-integrated tool (THINC-it), a cognitive screening tool comprised of objective and subjective measures of cognitive function...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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