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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229477/-why-not-you-discourses-of-widening-access-on-uk-medical-school-websites
#1
Kirsty Alexander, Tania Fahey Palma, Sandra Nicholson, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: In the UK, applications to medicine from those in lower socio-economic groups remain low despite significant investments of time, interest and resources in widening access (WA) to medicine. This suggests that medical schools' core messages about WA may be working to embed or further reinforce marginalisation, rather than to combat this. Our objective was to investigate how the value of WA is communicated by UK medical schools through their websites, and how this may create expectations regarding who is 'suitable' for medicine...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203058/quality-of-life-assessment-in-patients-with-alopecia-areata-and-androgenetic-alopecia-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#2
Min Zhang, Nan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: In medical terms, alopecia is considered a relatively mild dermatological condition that nevertheless is a serious condition, but it causes major depression in many sufferers. Alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) are the main types of hair loss. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of Chinese patients with AA and AGA using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire. METHODS: A total of 178 AA and AGA patients were enrolled in this study, and DLQI was used to evaluate the QoL of the patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193368/-becoming-another-transformations-in-the-therapist-who-works-with-gay-and-lesbian-couples
#3
María Victoria Builes Correa, María Teresa Anderson Gómez, Beatriz Helena Arango Arbeláez
OBJECTIVE: To recognise the changes experienced by the therapist who works with gay and lesbian couples. METHOD: Qualitative with biographical-narrative method. Seven therapists were interviewed in Medellin. RESULTS: Three moments in the life trajectory of the participants were identified: Before: closeness and distances between families and the school were found (distances, makes reference, among others, to discourses about homosexuality...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185560/inequalities-in-socio-economic-characteristics-and-health-and-wellbeing-of-men-with-and-without-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#4
Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Sash Sahabandu, Allison Milner, Rebecca Bentley, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jane Pirkis, David Studdert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, men with disabilities have higher rates of social and economic disadvantage and poorer health and wellbeing than men without disabilities. No single study has provided comprehensive, population-level information about the magnitude of such differences among adult men using a well-validated instrument to measure disability. METHODS: We analysed baseline data from Ten to Men - an Australian longitudinal study of male health. Ten to Men used a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design to recruit a national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182527/hidden-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-social-class
#5
Sébastien Goudeau, Jean-Claude Croizet
Three studies conducted among fifth and sixth graders examined how school contexts disrupt the achievement of working-class students by staging unfair comparison with their advantaged middle-class peers. In regular classrooms, differences in performance among students are usually showcased in a way that does not acknowledge the advantage (i.e., higher cultural capital) experienced by middle-class students, whose upbringing affords them more familiarity with the academic culture than their working-class peers have...
February 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174543/rank-among-peers-during-game-competition-affects-the-tendency-to-make-risky-choices-in-adolescent-males
#6
Jerome C Foo, Kohei Nagase, Sawako Naramura-Ohno, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Kenji Morita
It has been shown that adolescents take more risks when they are with peers than when they are alone, presumably because the presence of peers can be a social reward/punishment that can bias decision making. Competition is inherent in peer interactions, and recent work has demonstrated that winning/losing is an intrinsic social reward/punishment. Taken together, it can be hypothesized that competition amongst peers affects adolescents' risky behavior. While there is much evidence that status amongst peers can relate to antisocial/aggressive behavior, it remains unclear whether risky behavior is affected...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173857/understanding-the-strategies-employed-to-cope-with-increased-numbers-of-aids-orphaned-children-in-families-in-rural-settings-a-case-of-mbeya-rural-district-tanzania
#7
Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Silivano Edson Mwakinyali, Sukma Putra, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to understand the strategies employed by families that adopt Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-orphaned children (Adoptive families) for coping with and mitigating the impact of AIDS in Mbeya Rural District, Tanzania. High numbers of AIDS-orphaned children aged below 18 years in Mbeya Region have led to increasing the burden of families caring for them. Understanding the coping strategies and impact mitigation activities employed by adoptive families is important in order to develop programmes to help them...
February 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159503/an-interprofessional-education-workshop-to-develop-health-professional-student-opioid-misuse-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills
#8
Kristina Monteiro, Luba Dumenco, Sally Collins, Jeffrey Bratberg, Celia MacDonnell, Anita Jacobson, Richard Dollase, Paul George
OBJECTIVE: To implement and evaluate an interprofessional workshop focused on increasing student knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward opioid misuse. SETTING: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, April 2016. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Health professional students from medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work, and physical therapy participated in an interprofessional education workshop focused on opioid use disorder...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157694/mathematics-anxiety-and-the-brain
#9
Ahmed A Moustafa, Richard Tindle, Zaheda Ansari, Margery J Doyle, Doaa H Hewedi, Abeer Eissa
Given that achievement in learning mathematics at school correlates with work and social achievements, it is important to understand the cognitive processes underlying abilities to learn mathematics efficiently as well as reasons underlying the occurrence of mathematics anxiety (i.e. feelings of tension and fear upon facing mathematical problems or numbers) among certain individuals. Over the last two decades, many studies have shown that learning mathematical and numerical concepts relies on many cognitive processes, including working memory, spatial skills, and linguistic abilities...
February 3, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148602/an-assessment-of-global-oral-health-education-in-u-s-dental-schools
#10
Janet Sung, Joan I Gluch
Dental schools need to produce graduates who are adequately prepared to respond to the complex needs and challenges of the increasingly diverse and interconnected world in which they will practice dentistry. To enhance discussions about the coverage of global oral health competencies in dental education, the aims of this study were to assess how global health education is currently incorporated into predoctoral dental training in the U.S. and which global oral health competencies are being covered. Surveys were emailed to all 64 accredited U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147460/social-and-economic-impacts-of-school-influenza-outbreaks-in-england-survey-of-caregivers
#11
Dominic Thorrington, Sooria Balasegaram, Paul Cleary, Catherine Hay, Ken Eames
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a cause of considerable morbidity in England, particularly among children. A total of 39% of all influenza-attributable general practitioner consultations and 37% of all influenza-attributable hospital admissions occur in those aged under 15 years. Few studies have quantified the impact of influenza outbreaks on families. We assessed this impact during 2 influenza seasons. METHODS: We used questionnaires to obtain data in primary schools that reported an outbreak of an influenza-like-illness (ILI)...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141722/sudden-onset-of-refusal-to-eat-on-waking-after-a-nightmare-in-a-6-year-old-girl
#12
Maria Zaccagnino, Sheila Gahagan, Andrea Spencer, Michael Jellinek, Martin T Stein
Bridgette is a 6-year-old girl, who presented with sudden onset of refusal to eat or drink. The only precipitating event was a nightmare the previous night. She described a dream in which her mother and maternal aunt, dressed as witches, and father and maternal uncle, appearing as bats, wanted to kill her by making her eat and drink from a cauldron. Bridgette stated, "I can't eat anymore, I'm afraid of dying." Bridgette's eating pattern and behavior were described as previously normal. Motor, social, and language milestones were also normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141720/sexuality-and-intellectual-disability
#13
Jodi Wenger, Alison Downes, Nathan Blum, Marilyn Augustyn
Amad is a wonderful 16-year-old young man from Syria who has recently relocated to the United States from his war-torn native country. In his last few years in Syria, he was primarily at home with his mother, and they sought refuge with a maternal aunt in the United States seeking asylum and treatment of Amad's disability.At 8 years of age, he had intelligence testing in the United Arab Emirates, which showed a verbal intelligence score on the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) of 68 and a performance of 64...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141716/apraxia-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-we-have-a-new-spectrum
#14
Jayna Schumacher, Kristine E Strand, Marilyn Augustyn
Gio is a bilingual 6-year 10-month-old boy new to your practice who presents for an unscheduled visit with concerns for speech and language delay. He was born in Portugal, and his native language is Portuguese. When he was 21 months old, his family moved to Italy and then moved to the United States 3 years later. He had very little contact with other children while living in Italy, but his parents report that he has made friends quickly in the United States. His family speaks Portuguese at home, although his father is fluent in English...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141713/developmental-regression-depression-and-psychosocial-stress-in-an-adolescent-with-down-syndrome
#15
David S Stein, Kerim M Munir, Andrea J Karweck, Emily J Davidson, Martin T Stein
Kristen is a 13-year-old girl with Down syndrome (DS) who was seen urgently with concerns of cognitive and developmental regression including loss of language, social, and toileting skills. The evaluation in the DS clinic focused on potential medical diagnoses including atlantoaxial joint instability, vitamin deficiency, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and seizures. A comprehensive medical evaluation yielded only a finding of moderate OSA. A reactive depression was considered in association with several psychosocial factors including moving homes, entering puberty/onset of menses, and classroom change from an integrated setting to a self- contained classroom comprising unfamiliar peers with behavior challenges...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#16
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139181/factor-structure-and-construct-validity-of-children-participation-assessment-scale-in-activities-outside-of-school-parent-version-cpas-p
#17
Malek Amini, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Hamid Haghani, Emad Mollazade, Masoome Zaree
The aim of this study was assess the factor structure, reliability and construct validity of the Children Participation Assessment Scale in Activities Outside of School-Parent Version (CPAS-P). The participants of this study were 700 parents of children aged 6-12 years. For data analysis, the confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were conducted. Convergent validity was calculated by correlation with the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale. The results indicated the CPAS-P has good internal reliability...
January 31, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137978/social-environments-risk-taking-and-injury-in-farm-adolescents
#18
William Pickett, Richard L Berg, Barbara Marlenga
BACKGROUND: Farm environments are especially hazardous for young people. While much is known about acute physical causes of traumatic farm injury, little is known about social factors that may underlie their aetiology. OBJECTIVES: In a nationally representative sample of young Canadians aged 11-15 years, we described and compared farm and non-farm adolescents in terms of the qualities of their social environments, engagement in overt multiple risk-taking as well as how such exposures relate aetiologically to their reported injury experiences...
January 30, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127257/factors-associated-with-the-choice-of-public-health-service-among-nursing-students-in-thailand
#20
Krisada Sawaengdee, Nareerut Pudpong, Thunthita Wisaijohn, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Mylene Lagarde, Duane Blaauw
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that public and private nursing schools have contributed significantly to the Thai health system, it is not clear whether and to what extent there was difference in job preferences between types of training institutions. This study aimed to examine attitudes towards rural practice, intention to work in public service after graduation, and factors affecting workplace selection among nursing students in both public and private institutions. METHODS: A descriptive comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3349 students from 36 nursing schools (26 public and 10 private) during February-March 2012, using a questionnaire to assess the association between training institution characteristics and students' attitudes, job choices, and intention to work in the public sector upon graduation...
2017: BMC Nursing
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