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School social work

Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews of teachers participating in 16 focus groups and from 36 key informants (including psychologists, counsellors, school principals, lawyers)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Ingela Fredriksson, Susanna Geidne, Charli Eriksson
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to advocate for the importance of meaningful leisure time for young people from a health-promotion perspective using experiences from two youth centres in multicultural neighbourhoods in Sweden. METHODS: In this practice-based study, data were collected between 2012 and 2014 at two youth centres in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden using surveys with 12- to 16-year-old adolescents ( n = 207), seven individual interviews with staff and three cooperation partners in the neighbourhoods, and six group interviews with adolescents (50% girls)...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
S Masieri, C Cavaliere, C Incorvaia, F Frati
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem because of its steadily increasing incidence and prevalence that currently concerns about 30% of the world’s population. Although AR is not a disease that reduces the life expectancy, it is a disorder with a major impact on the quality of life of patients, resulting from an impaired social life, school performance and work productivity. Furthermore, AR produces significant costs for its treatment.
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Evangelia-Chrysanthi Kouklari, Stella Tsermentseli, Bonnie Auyeung
BACKGROUND: The association between Executive Function (EF) and Theory of Mind (ToM) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been mainly investigated using false belief tasks, whilst less is known about the EF effect on other ToM facets. Furthermore, the role EF plays in social communication in ASD is mainly assessed using parent-report EF ratings rather than direct assessment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to shed more light on the effect of performance-based EF measures on ToM and social communication in middle childhood in ASD relative to neurotypical controls...
March 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Joanna M Drinane, Jesse Owen, Karen W Tao
Therapy is predicated on the need for clients to share intimate details about their lives, including their cultural values, attitudes, and beliefs. Previous studies have found that clients conceal certain aspects of their lives including, but not limited to their symptoms and their feelings about the therapy process. To date, there has not been an investigation focused on whether clients conceal aspects of their cultural identities, whether some therapists are more likely to have clients conceal aspects of their cultural identities, and if cultural concealment is associated with therapy outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Tuva Bjørkvold, Marte Blikstad-Balas
All scientists depend on both reading and writing to do their scientific work. It is of paramount importance to ensure that students have a relevant repertoire of practices they can employ when facing scientific content inside and outside the school context. The present study reports on students in seventh grade acting as researchers. Over an 8-week collaborative research period, students posed their own research question, attempted to answer it by systematically testing hypotheses, discussing findings, presenting their conclusions, and documenting their process in a written report...
March 2018: Science Education
Nausheen Bakht
The social contract between medicine and society is being renegotiated and demands the reorientation of healthcare. Neither society nor doctors are happy with the way modern medicine is being practised. An obtuse focus on medical sciences and a myopic view of medical humanities (MH) has been incriminated. MH reflects on healthcare-related topics in the light of shared human experiences. It addresses the genuine concerns of patients and their attendants. It also helps inculcate humanistic values in doctors by enhancing ethical understanding, cultural sensitivity, mutual respect, empathy, communication skills and decision-making...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Rachel Bennett, Philippa Waterhouse
Understanding the transition to adulthood has important implications for supporting young adults and understanding the roots of diversity in wellbeing later in life. In South Africa, the end of Apartheid means today's youth are experiencing their transition to adulthood in a changed social and political context which offers opportunities compared to the past but also threats. This paper presents the first national level analysis of the patterning of key transitions (completion of education, entry into the labour force, motherhood and marriage or cohabitation), and the association between the different pathways and health amongst young women...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Elizabeth V Kinchen, Victoria Loerzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore student nurses' openness to using or recommending holistic therapies, the strategies they use to manage stress from school or work, and their perceptions of the impact of holistic therapies on personal health. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative component of a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. METHODS: A convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students in a southeastern U.S. university completed baseline surveys, including demographics and three open-ended questions regarding attitudes toward holistic therapies and strategies used for stress management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Mark Sciegaj, Nancy R Hooyman, Kevin J Mahoney, Casey DeLuca
The Partnerships for Person-Centered (PC) and Participant-Directed (PD) Long-Term Services and Supports (LTSS) Project (Partnerships Project) was a three-year effort funded by the New York Community Trust to develop and implement social work curriculum that would better prepare students for the changing practice demands of the aging and disability services network for self-directed LTSS (SD-LTSS). This article first describes the growth of SD-LTSS and the need for trained social workers on this service delivery model...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Roy K Chen
Past research has shown that there is a pattern of systematic grade inflation in higher education in the U.S. As a result, it is difficult for prospective employers and graduate school admission directors to distinguish bright candidates when recruiting new graduates. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the grading patterns of four academic departments (i.e., rehabilitation services, communication science and disorders, social work, and nursing) in an allied health college at a large public university over time, and 2) to consider which instructor demographic factors and course characteristics might influence the grading patterns...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Frank Reichert, Jiaxin Chen, Judith Torney-Purta
Students' learning experiences and outcomes are shaped by school and classroom contexts. Many studies have shown how an open, democratic classroom climate relates to learning in the citizenship domain and helps nurture active and engaged citizens. However, little research has been undertaken to look at how such a favorable classroom climate may work together with broader school factors. The current study examines data from 14,292 Nordic eighth graders (51% female) who had participated in the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study in 2009, as well as contextual data from 5,657 teachers and 618 principals...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Sarah J Allgood, Sharon Kozachik, Kamila A Alexander, Abigail Thaxton, Marc Vera, Noah Lechtzin
People living with cystic fibrosis experience pain that is associated with decreased quality of life, poorer health outcomes, and increased mortality. Though pain is highly prevalent as a symptom, it is currently unknown how persons with CF describe their pain experiences or the ways those experiences impact their lives. To explore and describe ways adolescents and adults with CF experience pain. An exploratory descriptive design was implemented to perform interviews with 10 individuals with CF and self-reported moderate to severe pain...
February 28, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Espen Anker, Bothild Bendiksen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: Adults with attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) report high rates of comorbid disorders, educational and occupational failure, and family instability. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical population of adults with ADHD and to examine associations between educational level, work participation, social characteristics and the rates of psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: Out of 796 patients diagnosed with ADHD in a specialised outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway, 548 (68%) agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study: 277 women and 271 men...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Emily Sabato, Jessica Owens, Ann Marie Mauro, Patricia Findley, Sangeeta Lamba, Kim Fenesy
Approaching patient care from a holistic perspective, incorporating not only the patient's medical and dental history but also psychosocial history, improves patient outcomes. Practitioners should be trained to provide this style of care through inclusive education, including training working on interprofessional teams. A component of this education must incorporate social determinants of health into the treatment plan. Social determinants of health include income, race/ethnicity, education level, work opportunities, living conditions, and access to health care...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Marcos Antonio Ferreira do Nascimento, Anna Paula Uziel, Jimena de Garay Hernández
This article presents results for young men's health based on an intervention-study on gender, sexuality, and health of adolescents and young men in conflict with the law, deprived of their freedom, and subject to socio-educational confinement in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The themes addressed included questions on overall health, mental health, and sexual and reproductive health, analyzed from a relational gender perspective and social construction of masculinities. The majority of these young men are black, from low-income communities, with low schooling levels, and ranging in age from 14 to 21 years of age; some of them are fathers...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Dominique A Tobbell
BACKGROUND: Beginning in the late 1950s and intensifying through the 1960s and 1970s, nurse educators, researchers, and scholars worked to establish nursing as an academic discipline. These nursing leaders argued that the development of nursing theory was not only critical to nursing's academic project but also to improving nursing practice and patient care. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the article is to examine the context for the development of nursing theory and the characteristics of early theory development from the 1950s through the early 1980s...
March 2018: Nursing Research
Eva M Romera, Mauricio Herrera-López, José A Casas, Rosario Ortega Ruiz, Rosario Del Rey
Cybergossip is the act of two or more people making evaluative comments via digital devices about somebody who is not present. This cyberbehavior affects the social group in which it occurs and can either promote or hinder peer relationships. Scientific studies that assess the nature of this emerging and interactive behavior in the virtual world are limited. Some research on traditional gossip has identified it as an inherent and defining element of indirect relational aggression. This paper adopts and argues for a wider definition of gossip that includes positive comments and motivations...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Andrea C Gielen, Shannon Frattaroli, Keshia M Pollack, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen G Yang
BACKGROUND: In the decades since the landmark report-America Burning-was published in 1973, the number of home fire deaths has shrunk from >5500 per year to 2650 in 2015. This paper: (1) describes how science and practice in injury prevention and fire and life safety contributed to successful interventions, and (2) identifies emerging strategies and future opportunities to prevent home fire-related deaths. METHODS: The aims are addressed through the lens of population health research, with a focus on the work of selected Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-funded Injury Control Research Centers...
February 26, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
James K Tumwine, Victoria Nankabirwa, Hama Abdoulaye Diallo, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, Paul Bangirana, Anselme Simeon Sanou, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Michael Boivin, Bruno Giordani, Irene Bircow Elgen, Penny Holding, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Vilde Skylstad, Joyce Nalugya, Thorkild Tylleskar, Nicolas Meda
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects from exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been widely acknowledged. We assessed the effect of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in Uganda and Burkina Faso, on cognitive abilities, social emotional development, school performance and linear growth among 5-8 years old children. METHODS: Children in the PROMISE EBF trial (2006-2008) were re-enrolled in the follow-up PROMISE Saving Brains (SB) study (2013-2015). Caretaker interviews captured sociodemographic characteristics and social emotional development using the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
2018: PloS One
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