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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#1
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768600/-the-profile-of-caregivers-to-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Stella Pegoraro Alves, Denise Bueno
The scope of this study was to establish the profile of caregivers of pediatric patients diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It was a cross-sectional, descriptive and prospective study in which the caregivers of fibrocystic patients were interviewed during pharmaceutical consultation in a reference center of a University Hospital in southern Brazil. General information was obtained about the caregivers and about their understanding of the disease, drug consumption and dynamics of treatment at home and at school...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765115/collective-gradient-sensing-in-fish-schools
#3
James G Puckett, Aawaz R Pokhrel, Julia A Giannini
Throughout the animal kingdom, animals frequently benefit from living in groups. Models of collective behaviour show that simple local interactions are sufficient to generate group morphologies found in nature (swarms, flocks and mills). However, individuals also interact with the complex noisy environment in which they live. In this work, we experimentally investigate the group performance in navigating a noisy light gradient of two unrelated freshwater species: golden shiners (Notemigonuscrysoleucas) and rummy nose tetra (Hemigrammus bleheri)...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764101/shaping-policy-change-in-population-health-policy-entrepreneurs-ideas-and-institutions
#4
Daniel Béland, Tarun R Katapally
Political realities and institutional structures are often ignored when gathering evidence to influence population health policies. If these policies are to be successful, social science literature on policy change should be integrated into the population health approach. In this contribution, drawing on the work of John W. Kingdon and related scholarship, we set out to examine how key components of the policy change literature could contribute towards the effective development of population health policies...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759823/self-rated-health-and-wellbeing-among-school-aged-children-with-and-without-special-educational-needs-differences-between-mainstream-and-special-schools
#5
Katharina Rathmann, Theres Vockert, Ludwig Bilz, Markus Gebhardt, Klaus Hurrelmann
BACKGROUND: Studies among students with special educational needs (SEN) in separate special schools (SSS) and mainstream schools (MS) are particularly applicable to educational attainment and social participation. However, indicators of health and wellbeing have rarely been considered. AIMS: This study investigates two related topics: first, health and wellbeing differences between students with SEN in special schools (SSS) and students without SEN in regular schools, and second, the rarely considered question whether health and wellbeing among students with SEN differ between school settings (i...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759055/results-of-a-coordinated-specialty-care-program-for-early-psychosis-and-predictors-of-outcomes
#6
Ilana Nossel, Melanie M Wall, Jennifer Scodes, Leslie A Marino, Sacha Zilkha, Iruma Bello, Igor Malinovsky, Rufina Lee, Marleen Radigan, Thomas E Smith, Lloyd Sederer, Gyojeong Gu, Lisa Dixon
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively evaluated outcomes of OnTrackNY, a statewide coordinated specialty care (CSC) program for treatment of early psychosis in community settings, as well as predictors of outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 325 individuals ages 16-30 with recent-onset nonaffective psychosis who were enrolled in OnTrackNY and who had at least one three-month follow-up. Clinicians provided data at baseline and quarterly up to one year. Domains assessed included demographic and clinical characteristics, social and occupational functioning, medications, suicidality and violence, hospitalization, and time to intervention...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757013/impact-of-a-behavioral-sleep-intervention-on-new-school-entrants-social-emotional-functioning-and-sleep-a-translational-randomized-trial
#7
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755610/the-living-conditions-of-children-with-shared-residence-the-swedish-example
#8
Emma Fransson, Sara Brolin Låftman, Viveca Östberg, Anders Hjern, Malin Bergström
Among children with separated parents, shared residence - i.e., joint physical custody where the child is sharing his or her time equally between two custodial parents' homes - is increasing in many Western countries and is particularly common in Sweden. The overall level of living among children in Sweden is high; however, the potential structural differences between children in various post-separation family arrangements have not been sufficiently studied. Potential risks for children with shared residence relate to the daily hassles and stress when having two homes...
2018: Child Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752493/review-of-mental-health-promotion-interventions-in-schools
#9
REVIEW
Michelle O'Reilly, Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Sarah Adams, Nisha Dogra
PURPOSE: The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are appropriately used...
May 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747786/knowledge-and-practices-of-nurses-on-deep-vein-thrombosis-risks-and-prophylaxis-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#10
Khalid Anwer Al-Mugheed, Nurhan Bayraktar
The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and practices of deep vein thrombosis risks and prophylaxis among nurses and to investigate the relation between descriptive characteristics and knowledge and practices of nurses. This descriptive study was conducted with the registered nurses who currently work in a university hospital of Northern Cyprus. Total 165 voluntary nurses composed the sample of the study. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers on the basis of the literature was used as the data collection tool in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741556/eating-at-food-outlets-and-leisure-places-and-on-the-go-is-associated-with-less-healthy-food-choices-than-eating-at-home-and-in-school-in-children-cross-sectional-data-from-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-rolling-program-2008-2014
#12
Nida Ziauddeen, Polly Page, Tarra L Penney, Sonja Nicholson, Sara F L Kirk, Eva Almiron-Roig
Background: Where children eat has been linked to variations in diet quality, including the consumption of low-nutrient, energy-dense food, a recognized risk factor for obesity. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of consumption patterns and nutritional intake by eating location in British children with the use of a nationally representative survey. Design: Cross-sectional data from 4636 children (80,075 eating occasions) aged 1...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741416/does-the-functional-form-of-the-association-between-education-and-mortality-differ-by-u-s-region
#13
Connor Sheehan, Jennifer Karas Montez, Isaac Sasson
To understand the education-mortality association among U.S. adults, recent studies have documented its national functional form. However, the functional form of education-mortality relationship may vary across geographic contexts. The four U.S. Census regions differ considerably in their social and economic policies, employment opportunities, income levels, and other factors that may affect how education lowers the risk of mortality. Thus, we documented regional differences in the functional form of the education-mortality association and examined the role of employment and income in accounting for regional differences...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739407/work-shadowing-in-dental-teaching-practices-evaluation-results-of-a-collaborative-study-between-university-and-general-dental-practices
#14
Stefan J Heitkamp, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptance and assessment of work shadowing carried out by students and dentists in dental practices. Furthermore, the extent to which students perceive an improvement in their specialised, communication and social competencies, was to be examined. METHODS: 61 dental students in their clinical semesters at a German university participated in work shadowing placements at 27 different general dental practices...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721689/education-as-dilemmatic-field
#15
Luca Tateo
Psychology of education must discuss a number of relevant ethical, political and societal issues that cannot be simply overlooked as non pertinent to the discipline. For too long educational and developmental psychology have take divergent routes and have not enough dialogued with other fields such as pedagogy. I argue that it is first of all necessary to conceptualize the work of schooling, that is educational processes of teaching and learning in specific social contexts, as complex and dilemmatic fields...
May 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716607/internal-migration-of-physicians-who-graduated-in-brazil-between-1980-and-2014
#16
Mario Cesar Scheffer, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Mario Roberto Dal Poz
BACKGROUND: The internal migration of physicians from one place to another in the same country can unbalance the supply and distribution of these professionals in national health systems. In addition to economic, social and demographic issues, there are individual and professional factors associated with a physician's decision to migrate. In Brazil, there is an ongoing debate as to whether opening medicine programmes in the interior of the country can induce physicians to stay in these locations...
May 2, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706157/what-happens-to-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-over-time
#17
EDITORIAL
Helen Minnis
Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is one of the most intriguing syndromes in child and adolescent psychiatry but also one of the least understood. We know little about its developmental course in different groups of children, so I was delighted to see the incisive longitudinal work from the Bucharest Early Intervention Study by Guyon-Harris and colleagues.1 My own interest in DSED was sparked back in the early 1990s, when a travel bug had taken me to Guatemala and I had found a job in an orphanage...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703059/comparing-the-mental-health-of-rural-to-urban-migrant-children-and-their-counterparts-in-china-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jun-Hua Zhang, Li-Xia Yan, Yang Yuan
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the issue of migrant children with peasant parents working in cities has attracted widespread attention in recent years because of the sheer number and the benefits bundled in China's household. The focus has gradually extended from early education opportunities to all aspects of physical and mental development, especially the social adaptation and mental health of migrant children. The negative impact of environment changes on migrant children' mental health is very worrying for parents and the society...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695986/different-institutions-and-different-values-exploring-first-generation-student-fit-at-2-year-colleges
#19
Yoi Tibbetts, Stacy J Priniski, Cameron A Hecht, Geoffrey D Borman, Judith M Harackiewicz
First-generation (FG) college students (students for whom neither parent has a 4-year degree) face a number of challenges as they attempt to obtain a post-secondary degree. They are more likely to come from working-class backgrounds or poverty (Reardon, 2011) and attend lower quality high schools (Warburton et al., 2001) while not benefiting from the guidance of a parent who successfully navigated the path to higher education. FG college students also contend with belonging or "fitting in" concerns due a perceived mismatch between their own values and the values implicit in institutions of higher education (Stephens et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691657/does-the-psychosocial-quality-of-unpaid-family-work-contribute-to-educational-disparities-in-mental-health-among-employed-partnered-mothers
#20
Bonnie Janzen, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten
PURPOSE: The contribution of unpaid family work quality to understanding social inequalities in women's mental health has been understudied and further limited by a scarcity of psychometrically sound instruments available to measure family work. Therefore, using a multi-item scale of family work quality with evidence of validity and reliability, the overall aim of the present study was to determine whether psychosocial qualities of unpaid family work contribute to educational inequities in women's mental health...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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