keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

School social work

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109661/mapping-sites-of-high-tb-transmission-risk-integrating-the-shared-air-and-social-behaviour-of-tb-cases-and-adolescents-in-a-south-african-township
#1
Benjamin Patterson, Carl D Morrow, Daniel Kohls, Caroline Deignan, Samuel Ginsburg, Robin Wood
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in poverty-stricken areas of the world. Communal gathering places account for the majority of TB transmission in high burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the social behaviour patterns of individuals who have developed TB disease and adolescents at risk of infection. To develop a cheap and effective method to locate transmission hot spots in high burden communities. DESIGN: Portable, combined CO2/GIS monitors and location diaries were given to individuals from a South African township...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099479/social-contact-structures-and-time-use-patterns-in-the-manicaland-province-of-zimbabwe
#2
Alessia Melegaro, Emanuele Del Fava, Piero Poletti, Stefano Merler, Constance Nyamukapa, John Williams, Simon Gregson, Piero Manfredi
BACKGROUND: Patterns of person-to-person contacts relevant for infectious diseases transmission are still poorly quantified in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where socio-demographic structures and behavioral attitudes are expected to be different from those of more developed countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a diary-based survey on daily contacts and time-use of individuals of different ages in one rural and one peri-urban site of Manicaland, Zimbabwe. A total of 2,490 diaries were collected and used to derive age-structured contact matrices, to analyze time spent by individuals in different settings, and to identify the key determinants of individuals' mixing patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#3
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091337/assessing-the-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-pertussis-epidemics-in-queensland-australia-a-bayesian-spatio-temporal-analysis
#4
X Huang, S Lambert, C Lau, R J Soares Magalhaes, J Marquess, M Rajmokan, G Milinovich, W Hu
Pertussis epidemics have displayed substantial spatial heterogeneity in countries with high socioeconomic conditions and high vaccine coverage. This study aims to investigate the relationship between pertussis risk and socio-environmental factors on the spatio-temporal variation underlying pertussis infection. We obtained daily case numbers of pertussis notifications from Queensland Health, Australia by postal area, for the period January 2006 to December 2012. A Bayesian spatio-temporal model was used to quantify the relationship between monthly pertussis incidence and socio-environmental factors...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#5
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077123/daily-actions-challenges-and-needs-among-dutch-parents-while-supporting-the-participation-of-their-child-with-a-physical-disability-at-home-at-school-and-in-the-community-a-qualitative-diary-study
#6
Barbara Piškur, Anna J H M Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J Jongmans, Barbara M Casparie, Rob J E M Smeets
BACKGROUND: Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents' own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting their child with a physical disability at home, at school, and in the community. An additional objective of this study is to refine the preliminary thematic framework previously identified in a scoping review. METHODS: A qualitative research inquiry was performed based on using a diary over a 7-day period to gather data...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076541/private-health-care-coverage-in-the-brazilian-population-according-to-the-2013-brazilian-national-health-survey
#7
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Cimar Azeredo Pereira, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Martha Oliveira, Arthur Chioro Dos Reis
This study aims to present the percentages of the Brazilian population holding health insurance plans, itemized by social-demographic characteristics, based on the data of the National Health Survey carried out in 2013, and to compare this information with the administrative data of the National Supplementary Health Agency for the same year. Data from the National Health Survey, and from the Beneficiaries Information System of the National Health Agency for the year 2013, were used. The percentage of people having a health plan was described according to stratification for: all of Brazil, urban/rural, Brazilian official Regions, Brazilian States and state capitals, gender, age group, level of schooling, position in the workforce, ethnic classification, and self-assessed state of health...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073351/exploring-neurodevelopmental-outcome-measures-used-in-children-with-cerebral-malaria-the-perspectives-of-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-malawi
#8
Emmie W Mbale, Terrie Taylor, Bernard Brabin, Macpherson Mallewa, Melissa Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in tackling malaria however there are still over 207 million cases worldwide, the majority in children. As survival rates improve, numbers of children with long-term neurodisabling sequelae are likely to increase. Most outcome studies in cerebral malaria (CM) have focused only on body function and structure and less on outcomes within the broader framework of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF). The aim of this study was to utilise qualitative methods to identify relevant clinical outcomes in CM to support formulation of a core outcome set relevant to CM and other acquired brain injuries for use in future clinical trials...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#9
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068507/reducing-recurrence-of-bacterial-skin-infections-in-aboriginal-children-in-rural-communities-new-ways-of-thinking-new-ways-of-working
#10
Susan Thomas, Kristy Crooks, Kylie Taylor, Peter D Massey, Ruth Williams, Glenn Pearce
Reports from health workers, school staff and community members in rural NSW suggested that bacterial skin infections are a significant health issue for Aboriginal children and their families, affecting quality of life and contributing to poor school attendance. Current NSW treatment guidelines do not incorporate important sociocultural factors or ways of living in Aboriginal communities. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain a deeper understanding of the experience of parents and carers of Aboriginal children affected by skin infections and of other community members, health workers and school staff, and what actions have been considered successful or unsuccessful in reducing the recurrence of infection...
January 10, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062472/is-having-a-family-member-with-chronic-health-concerns-bad-for-young-people-s-health-cross-sectional-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-young-australians
#11
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#12
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045281/environmental-barriers-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#13
I-Hsuan Tsai, Daniel E Graves, Wenyaw Chan, Charles Darkoh, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Lisa A Pompeii
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between environmental barriers and social participation among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: Individuals admitted to regional centers of the Model Spinal Cord Injury System in the United States due to traumatic SCI were interviewed and included in the National Spinal Cord Injury Database. This cross-sectional study applied a secondary analysis with a mixed effect model on the data from 3,162 individuals who received interviews from 2000 through 2005...
January 2, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#14
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010161/convention-versus-deviance-moral-agency-in-adolescent-gang-members-decision-making
#15
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Maria Pacella, Michelle Renee Broaddus, Katherine Quinn, Carol Galletly, Justin Rivas
BACKGROUND: Adolescent gang members are a source of concern due to their involvement in criminal activity, violence, substance use, and high-risk sexual behaviors. Adolescent gang theories hypothesize that social institutions, including the family and school, fail to meet the needs of adolescents who therefore feel less attachment to these institutions and find an unconventional institution (i.e. the gang) to meet these needs through the gang. OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we will examine the extent to which social disorganization and social control theories, in particular the rejection of conventional norms and aspirations, match adolescents' subjective reasons for their decisions and their future aspirations...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005054/-bioethics-in-russian-neurology-and-epileptology
#16
E P Mikhalovska-Karlova
Historical roots and further development of bioethics in domestic neurology and epileptology are considered. The main bioethical principles were established during the formation of the Russian clinical school and neurosciences. It is most distinctly seen in the development of bioethics in neurology and epileptology. In the author's opinion, the Russian scientist V.M. Bekhterev had played a prominent role in the field. In the time when the term "bioethics" was not coined and its principles were not formulated, V...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005003/pleasant-preventing-and-lessening-exacerbations-of-asthma-in-school-age-children-associated-with-a-new-term-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#17
Steven A Julious, Michelle J Horspool, Sarah Davis, Mike Bradburn, Paul Norman, Neil Shephard, Cindy L Cooper, W Henry Smithson, Jonathan Boote, Heather Elphick, Amanda Loban, Matthew Franklin, Wei Sun Kua, Robin May, Jennifer Campbell, Rachael Williams, Saleema Rex, Oscar Bortolami
BACKGROUND: Asthma episodes and deaths are known to be seasonal. A number of reports have shown peaks in asthma episodes in school-aged children associated with the return to school following the summer vacation. A fall in prescription collection in the month of August has been observed, and was associated with an increase in the number of unscheduled contacts after the return to school in September. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to assess whether or not a NHS-delivered public health intervention reduces the September peak in unscheduled medical contacts...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982374/free-access-to-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#18
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Karen Sarmento Costa, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the free access to medicines for the treatment of chronic diseases in the Brazilian population, according to demographic and socioeconomic factors. We also analyzed the most used pharmacological groups, according to funding source: free-of-charge or out-of-pocket paid. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based household survey, of cross-sectional design, based on probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981436/understanding-the-relation-between-medical-students-collective-and-individual-trajectories-an-application-of-habitus
#19
Dorene F Balmer, Michael J Devlin, Boyd F Richards
INTRODUCTION: While medical educators typically attend to group trends, groups are made up of unique individuals. An exploration of Bourdieu's concept of habitus, defined as a system of dispositions, may help medical educators think relationally about the collective trajectory of the group and the individual trajectory of each student. METHODS: We built on our 4‑year, longitudinal study which reported how field, capital, and habitus worked together to explain how medical students, as a group, navigated transitions in undergraduate medical education...
December 15, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977385/it
#20
Jennifer May, Judi Walker, Mathew McGrail, Fran Rolley
Objectives Regional centres and their rural hinterlands support significant populations of non-metropolitan Australians. Despite their importance in the settlement hierarchy and the key medical services provided from these centres, little research has focused on their issues of workforce supply and long-term service requirements. In addition, they are a critical component of the recent growth of 'regional' hub-and-spoke specialist models of service delivery.Methods The present study interviewed 62 resident specialists in four regional centres, seeking to explore recruitment and retention factors important to their location decision making...
December 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
keyword
keyword
20091
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"