keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Direct observation of residents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026781/bulge-region-as-a-putative-hair-follicle-stem-cells-niche-a-brief-review
#1
REVIEW
Sanaz Joulai Veijouye, Abazar Yari, Fatemeh Heidari, Nayereh Sajedi, Fatemeh Ghoroghi Moghani, Maliheh Nobakht
BACKGROUND: Hair follicle stem cells exist in different sites. Most of the hair follicle stem cells are reside in niche called bulge. Bulge region is located between the opening of sebaceous gland and the attachment site of the arrector pili muscle. METHODS: Data were collected using databases and resources of PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, MEDLINE and their references from the earliest available published to identify English observational studies on hair follicle bulge region...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020052/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-on-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-stage-at-diagnosis-receipt-of-treatment-and-survival-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Hla-Hla Thein, Kika Anyiwe, Nathaniel Jembere, Brian Yu, Prithwish De, Craig C Earle
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is increasing worldwide and has overtaken squamous histology in occurrence. We studied the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on EAC stage at diagnosis, receipt of treatment, and survival. A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using Ontario Cancer Registry-linked administrative health data. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the association between SES (income quintile) and stage at EAC diagnosis and EAC treatment. Survival times following EAC diagnosis were estimated using Kaplan-Meier method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018491/perception-of-noise-pollution-in-a-youth-and-adults-school-in-curitiba-pr
#3
Orlando Borges Filho, Angela Ribas, Claudia Giglio De Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira Lacerda, Renato Riesemberg, Karlin Klagenberg
Introduction  Nowadays noise remains the third largest cause of environmental pollution on Earth. It appears that despite the existing noise control legislation the issue deserves further supervision by the public authorities so that the ceilings established for the various activities are observed. People exposed to noise are more likely to develop numerous auditory and non-auditory problems directly impacting persona family and working life. Objectives  The objective of this study is to research and consequently understand how the population of students of a youth and adult school in Curitiba perceives noise pollution as well as look into the actions that the school adopts in order to guide the students on the topic...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018117/reciprocal-prioritization-to-dietary-glycans-by-gut-bacteria-in-a-competitive-environment-promotes-stable-coexistence
#4
Yunus E Tuncil, Yao Xiao, Nathan T Porter, Bradley L Reuhs, Eric C Martens, Bruce R Hamaker
When presented with nutrient mixtures, several human gut Bacteroides species exhibit hierarchical utilization of glycans through a phenomenon that resembles catabolite repression. However, it is unclear how closely these observed physiological changes, often measured by altered transcription of glycan utilization genes, mirror actual glycan depletion. To understand the glycan prioritization strategies of two closely related human gut symbionts, Bacteroides ovatus and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, we performed a series of time course assays in which both species were individually grown in a medium with six different glycans that both species can degrade...
October 10, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991844/criterion-based-assessment-in-a-norm-based-world-how-can-we-move-past-grades
#5
Anne G Pereira, Majka Woods, Andrew P J Olson, Suzanne van den Hoogenhof, Briar L Duffy, Robert Englander
In the United States, the medical education community has begun a shift from the Flexnerian time-based model to a competency-based medical education model. The graduate medical education (GME) community is substantially farther along in this transition than is the undergraduate medical education (UME) community.GME has largely adopted the use of competencies and their attendant milestones and increasingly is employing the framework of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) to assess trainee competence. The UME community faces several challenges to successfully navigating a similar transition...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988460/toolbox-of-assessment-tools-of-technical-skills-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To support the development of programs of assessment of technical skills in the operating room (OR), we systematically reviewed the literature to identify assessment tools specific to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) core procedures and summarized their characteristics. METHODS: We systematically searched Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane to identify and report on assessment tools that can be used to assess residents' technical surgical skills in the operating room for OTL-HNS core procedures...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986184/no-353-treatments-for-overactive-bladder-focus-on-pharmacotherapy-an-addendum
#7
Roxana Geoffrion
OBJECTIVE: This technical update addendum reviews success rates and comparative evidence of the anticholinergic fesoterodine, as well as mechanism of action, safety profile, success rates, and comparative evidence of the β3 agonist mirabegron in the treatment of non-neurogenic overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). This adds to OAB pharmacotherapy recommendations initially published in 2012. INTENDED USERS: Residents and other trainees, primary care practitioners, gynaecologists, urologists, urogynaecologists, and other health care providers who assess, counsel, and treat women with OAB...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963397/guanylyl-cyclase-g-is-an-alarm-pheromone-receptor-in-mice
#8
Ying-Chi Chao, Joerg Fleischer, Ruey-Bing Yang
Many animals respond to threats by releasing alarm pheromones (APs) that warn conspecifics. In mice, detection of the AP 2-sec-butyl-4,5-dihydrothiazole (SBT) is mediated by chemosensory neurons residing in the Grueneberg ganglion (GG) of the anterior nasal region. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying activation of GG neurons by SBT and other substances are still unclear, recent studies have reported an involvement of the transmembrane guanylyl cyclase (GC) subtype GC-G in chemosensory signaling in the GG Here, we show that SBT directly binds with high affinity to the extracellular domain of GC-G and elicits an enhanced enzymatic activity of this protein...
September 28, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962560/disability-residential-environment-and-social-participation-factors-influencing-daily-mobility-of-persons-living-in-residential-care-facilities-in-two-regions-of-france
#9
Noémie Rapegno, Jean-François Ravaud
BACKGROUND: Despite the context of individualization of public policies and promotion of independent living, residential care facilities (RCFs) (called "établissements medico-sociaux" in France) still represent the main system used by disabled people. Through a study of their daily mobility, this article proposes a geographical approach to the examination of factors influencing the social participation of disabled persons with motor impairments who live in residential care facilities...
September 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956303/experiences-with-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-milestones-results-of-two-nationwide-surveys
#10
Shannon W Simmons, Christopher K Varley, Jeffrey Hunt
OBJECTIVES: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry began using milestones in 2015 as a way to document observable progress through training. The study is the first assessment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (CAP) faculty and fellows' experience with the milestones. METHODS: This study presents findings from two surveys conducted one year apart. The first electronic survey polled CAP fellows and faculty nationwide using five opinion questions; demographic data and comments were also gathered...
September 27, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954489/levels-of-renalase-and-advanced-oxidation-protein-products-with-regard-to-catecholamines-in-haemodialysed-patients
#11
Marcin Dziedzic, Ewelina Orłowska, Beata Petkowicz, Anna Bednarek-Skublewska, Janusz Solski, Małgorzata Goździewska
INTRODUCTION: The main mediators of the sympathetic nervous system in the effectors part are catecholamines (CA). An increased sympathetic nerve activity observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD), is due to a raised level of CA in plasma. Renalase is a protein secreted by the kidneys, composed of 342 amino acids, which is able to metabolize the circulating CA and possibly play an important role in the regulation of sympathetic tone and blood pressure. Also, oxidative stress, defined as a disruption of the equilibrium between the generation of oxidants, is a crucial factor in the development of the inflammatory syndrome associated with CKD...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948436/mapping-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-from-fact-g-faact-and-facit-f-onto-preference-based-eq-5d-5l-utilities-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cachexia
#12
Michela Meregaglia, Ludovica Borsoi, John Cairns, Rosanna Tarricone
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurements from disease-specific tools cannot be directly used in economic evaluations. This study aimed to develop and validate mapping algorithms that predicted EuroQol 5-Dimensions 5-Levels (EQ-5D-5L) utilities from Functional Assessment of Anorexia-Cachexia Therapy (FAACT) and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) and their common component (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General-FACT-G) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer cachexia...
September 25, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941850/meso-level-multi-disciplinary-approach-for-reduction-of-pre-treatment-loss-to-follow-up-in-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-delhi-india
#13
Nandini Sharma, Shivani Chandra, Meera Dhuria, Charu Kohli, Kamal Kishore Chopra, Nishi Aggarwal, Kuldeep Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Universal access to tuberculosis (TB) care services emphasizes early detection and initiation of treatment for all pulmonary TB patients. Pre-treatment loss to follow-up patients needs to be actively tracked and treated to break the chain of transmission in the community. OBJECTIVES: MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross sectional study of a sample of 340 patients who were pre-treatment loss to follow-up was conducted from November 2011 to March 2012 in Delhi...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940700/therapeutic-inhibition-of-inflammatory-monocyte-recruitment-reduces-steatohepatitis-and-liver-fibrosis
#14
Oliver Krenkel, Tobias Puengel, Olivier Govaere, Ali T Abdallah, Jana C Mossanen, Marlene Kohlhepp, Anke Liepelt, Eric Lefebvre, Tom Luedde, Claus Hellerbrand, Ralf Weiskirchen, Thomas Longerich, Ivan G Costa, Quentin M Anstee, Christian Trautwein, Frank Tacke
Macrophages are key regulators of liver fibrosis progression and regression in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Liver macrophages comprise resident phagocytes, Kupffer cells, and monocyte-derived cells, which are recruited via the chemokine receptor CCR2. We aimed at elucidating the therapeutic effects of inhibiting monocyte infiltration in NASH models by using cenicriviroc (CVC), an oral dual chemokine receptor CCR2/CCR5 antagonist that is under clinical evaluation. Human liver tissue from NASH patients were analyzed for CCR2+ macrophages and administration of CVC was tested in mouse models of steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis progression and fibrosis regression...
September 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939864/observation-of-topological-states-residing-at-step-edges-of-wte2
#15
Lang Peng, Yuan Yuan, Gang Li, Xing Yang, Jing-Jing Xian, Chang-Jiang Yi, You-Guo Shi, Ying-Shuang Fu
Topological states emerge at the boundary of solids as a consequence of the nontrivial topology of the bulk. Recently, theory predicts a topological edge state on single layer transition metal dichalcogenides with 1T' structure. However, its existence still lacks experimental proof. Here, we report the direct observations of the topological states at the step edge of WTe2 by spectroscopic-imaging scanning tunneling microscopy. A one-dimensional electronic state residing at the step edge of WTe2 is observed, which exhibits remarkable robustness against edge imperfections...
September 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937513/entrustment-evidence-used-by-expert-gynecologic-surgical-teachers-to-determine-residents-autonomy
#16
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Joan M Bengtson, John L Dalrymple
OBJECTIVE: To identify entrustment evidence used by expert gynecologic surgical teachers to determine obstetrics and gynecology residents' level of autonomy in the operating room. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was undertaken from March to November 2016. Four selection criteria were used to define and purposefully sample expert gynecologic surgical teachers across the United States to represent all four geographic regions. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930633/controlling-the-orientation-of-droplets-in-ellipsoid-filled-polymeric-emulsions-with-particle-parameters-and-flow-conditions
#17
Chaoying Mao, Yajiang Huang, Junlong Yang, Miqiu Kong, Yuan Wang, Qi Yang, Guangxian Li
The effect of particle parameters [aspect ratio (AR) and concentration] and flow conditions (gap spacing and shear rate) on droplet orientation deformation behavior in polystyrene (PS) particle-filled binary polymeric emulsions is investigated by using a rheo-optical technique and confocal microscopy. Interesting vorticity orientation behavior is achieved by tailoring experimental conditions to yield rigid anisotropic droplets during slow confined shear flow. PS ellipsoids with a high AR are found to reside both at the fluid interface in a monolayer side-on state and inside droplets, leading to the formation of rigid anisotropic droplets because of the interfacial/bulk jamming effect at appropriate particle concentrations...
September 28, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929712/-mortality-excess-analysis-for-year-2015-in-palermo-province-sicily-region-southern-italy
#18
Filippo Pinzone, Rosanna Cusimano, Nicolò Casuccio, Adriana Mancuso, Angela Pitarresi
BACKGROUND: a death number increment compared to the previous years was observed in Italy for the year 2015; its causes are under study. OBJECTIVES: to verify if the mortality occurred in Palermo Province (Sicily Region, Southern Italy) for the year 2015 was greater than the one observed in the previous period (years 2009-2014) and to find which death causes it would be attributable to. DESIGN: observed number of deaths in 2015 were compared with expected numbers calculated with the traditional analysis of direct adjusted rates, and with a 90% predictive interval estimated fitting a Generalized Additive Model (GAM), via a quasi-Poisson distribution of the observed deaths in the period 2009-2014; various measures of the environmental temperature were used as regressor...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927386/patients-perception-regarding-the-influence-of-individual-and-social-vulnerabilities-on-the-adherence-to-tuberculosis-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#19
Rosiane Davina da Silva, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Aguinaldo José de Araújo, Edwirde Luiz Silva Camêlo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Paula Hino, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Sayonara Maria Lia Fook, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains an important disease which mainly affects the majority of vulnerable individuals in society, who are subjected to poor living conditions and difficulties to access the services of public health. Under these circumstances, the present study aims to understand patients' perception in relation to the influence of individual and social vulnerabilities on the adherence to tuberculosis treatment. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in one large municipality at the state of Paraíba, Northeast of Brazil...
September 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910531/propane-water-mixtures-confined-within-cylindrical-silica-nanopores-structural-and-dynamical-properties-probed-by-molecular-dynamics
#20
Tran Thi Bao Le, Alberto Striolo, Siddharth S Gautam, David R Cole
Despite the multiple length and time scales over which fluid-mineral interactions occur, interfacial phenomena control the exchange of matter and impact the nature of multiphase flow, as well as the reactivity of C-O-H fluids in geologic systems. In general, the properties of confined fluids, and their influence on porous geologic phenomena are much less well understood compared to those of bulk fluids. We used equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations to study fluid systems composed of propane and water, at different compositions, confined within cylindrical pores of diameter ∼16 Å carved out of amorphous silica...
September 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
keyword
keyword
20078
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"