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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858262/the-dentist-s-role-in-southern-brazilian-teaching-hospitals-a-grounded-theory-study
#1
Gianina Salton Mattevi, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello, Frank Andrew Scannapieco, Daniela Lemos Carcereri
The aim of this study was to develop a theoretical model to describe the role that the dentist plays in Brazilian hospital settings. This qualitative study was based on the grounded theory research method. Participants were a total of 27 individuals in three groups: dentists and general practice and oral and maxillofacial surgery residents; faculty; and other health professionals who interacted with dental patients in the hospital setting during the 2012-13 year. Data were collected in three teaching hospitals in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, through scripted interviews using open-ended questions...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846466/profile-of-the-general-surgery-resident-what-are-the-changes-in-the-21-st-century
#2
Samir Rasslan, Mariana Sousa Arakaki, Roberto Rasslan, Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama
OBJECTIVE: to verify the profile of the General Surgery residents of the Clinics Hospital (HC) of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (FMUSP). METHODS: we evaluated the residents approved in the public contest for the Medical Residency Program in General Surgery of HC-FMUSP in the years 2014, 2015 and 2016. We carried out the study by applying a questionnaire and gathering information from the Medical Residency Commission of the Institution. We analyzed data on identification, origin of the candidate, undergraduate school, surgical teaching received, reason for choosing Surgery, residency expectations, choice of future specialty and pretensions as to the end of medical residency...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792574/evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-for-pelvic-floor-exercises
#3
Michelle N Han, Tamara Grisales, Aparna Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor exercises are effective in improving muscle strength and urinary incontinence symptoms. Increasingly popular mobile applications can be effective in teaching patients these exercises. INTRODUCTION: A mobile application, Bwom© , aims to educate women about pelvic floor exercises with individually tailored plans relevant to the user's risk factors. The objective of this study is to assess the understandability and actionability of Bwom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of patients and providers at an academic medical center...
May 24, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784634/evaluation-of-app-based-serious-gaming-as-a-training-method-in-teaching-chest-tube-insertion-to-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771225/the-resident-physician-as-leader-within-the-healthcare-team
#6
Lyn Kathryn Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Jamiu Busari
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore inter-professional clinicians' perspectives on resident leadership in the context of inter-professional teams and to identify a definition for leadership in the clinical context. In 2015, CanMEDS changed the title of one of the core competencies from manager to leader. The shift in language was perceived by some as returning to traditional hierarchical and physician-dominant structures. The resulting uncertainty has resulted in a call to action to not only determine what physician leadership is but to also determine how to teach and assess it...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759881/spanish-urological-schools-1880-1970
#7
M Pérez-Albacete
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We researched the start of urological specialisation in Spain, from the end of the 19th century to the institution of the education system (resident medical intern) to learn about the centres and individuals who created the urological teaching units and training schools in which the first Spanish urologists specialised their training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extracted the references from books on the history of urology, from periodic urological publications and from the posters on history submitted to the congresses of the Spanish Urological Association and filled in the data and dates with the Historical Dictionary of Spanish Urologists...
May 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#8
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707462/three-dimensional-printed-surgical-simulator-for-kirschner-wire-placement-in-hand-fractures
#9
Michal Brichacek, Julian Diaz-Abele, Sarah Shiga, Christian Petropolis
Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of hand fractures can be a deceptively challenging procedure that requires significant hands-on time to teach and learn. We created a realistic three-dimensional simulator that can be used for teaching junior residents the CRPP. Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software was used to create a three-dimensional hand model incorporating several common hand fractures: Bennett's fracture, transverse fifth metacarpal neck, and transverse second proximal phalanx...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706265/clinical-pharmacy-academic-career-transitions-viewpoints-from-the-field-part-2-understanding-and-balancing-the-distribution-of-effort
#10
Angela Thompson, Allison Blackmer, Meghan Jeffres, Ashley Glode, Nila Mahyari, Megan Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The six authors of this commentary series, who have recently transitioned into or within an academic career, discuss challenging aspects of an academic career change. The authors represent faculty members teaching within a large, state-funded, research-intensive School of Pharmacy located within a large academic health center. The authors have various backgrounds and represent individuals making transitions at various points in their careers (from residency into academia, from a non-academic environment into academia, and from one academic environment to another)...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669148/evaluation-of-resident-and-faculty-performance-in-routinely-addressing-unmet-reproductive-health-needs-in-a-teaching-health-center
#11
Elizabeth Kvach, Hayley Marcus, Lucy Loomis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High rates of unintended pregnancy and poor pregnancy outcomes can be ameliorated by improved access to contraceptive and preconception care. Little data exists regarding application of routine pregnancy intention (PI) screening to reduce unintended pregnancy and optimize preconception health in family medicine residency education. This quality improvement (QI) project evaluated the rate at which family medicine residents and providers (attending physicians and nurse practitioners) addressed women's unmet reproductive health needs identified through PI screening...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666797/development-and-implementation-of-a-perianesthetic-safety-checklist-in-a-veterinary-university-small-animal-teaching-hospital
#12
Gwennaëlle Menoud, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Claudia Spadavecchia, Mathieu Raillard
Introduction: The use of a surgical safety checklist is recommended by the World Health Organization and is associated with advantages: improved communication and reduced complications and mortality. Adapting checklists to the environment in which they are used improves their efficiency, but their implementation can be challenging. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a perianesthetic safety checklist for a small animal hospital. Materials and methods: A panel of eight anesthesia diplomates and seven residents and doctoral students were gathered...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648944/parents-concerns-regarding-the-growth-characteristics-of-their-adolescents-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-iran
#13
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551697/comprehensive-multicenter-graduate-surgical-education-initiative-incorporating-entrustable-professional-activities-continuous-quality-improvement-cycles-and-a-web-based-platform-to-enhance-teaching-and-learning
#14
Cheryl I Anderson, Marc D Basson, Muhammad Ali, Alan T Davis, Robert L Osmer, Michael K McLeod, Pam S Haan, Robert G Molnar, Andi N Peshkepija, John C Hardaway, Karen A Chojnacki, Christopher C Pfeifer, Jeffrey M Gauvin, Mark W Jones, M Ashraf Mansour
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly important for faculty to teach deliberately and provide timely, detailed, and formative feedback on surgical trainee performance. We initiated a multicenter study to improve resident evaluative processes and enhance teaching and learning behaviors while engaging residents in their education. STUDY DESIGN: Faculty from 7 US postgraduate training programs rated resident operative performances using the perioperative briefing, intraoperative teaching, debriefing model, and rated patient visits/academic performances using the entrustable professional activities model via a web-based platform...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550077/the-european-urology-residents-education-programme-hands-on-training-format-4-years-of-hands-on-training-improvements-from-the-european-school-of-urology
#15
Bhaskar K Somani, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Gozen, Jaun Palou, Sas Barmoshe, Shekhar Biyani, Josep M Gaya, Giles Hellawell, Gio Pini, Faba R Oscar, Rafael Sanchez Salas, Petr Macek, Andreas Skolarikos, Christian Wagner, Viktor Eret, Stephen Haensel, Giampaolo Siena, Marek Schmidt, Max Klitsch, Stepan Vesely, Achilles Ploumidis, Silvia Proietti, Guido Kamphuis, Theodore Tokas, Rob Geraghty, Dominico Veneziano
BACKGROUND: The European School of Urology (ESU) started the European Urology Residents Education Programme (EUREP) in 2003 for final year urology residents, with hands-on training (HOT) added later in 2007. OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographical reach of EUREP, trainee demographics, and individual quality feedback in relation to annual methodology improvements in HOT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From September 2014 to October 2017 (four EUREP courses) several new features have been applied to the HOT format of the EUREP course: 1:1 training sessions (2015), fixed 60-min time slots (2016), and standardised teaching methodology (2017)...
March 14, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540877/postgraduate-residents-perception-of-the-clinical-learning-environment-use-of-postgraduate-hospital-educational-environment-measure-pheem-in-pakistani-context
#16
Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of postgraduate residents about the clinical educational environment and to investigate the association of their perception with different specialities and years of residency. METHODS: The study was conducted in August 2016 at The Children's Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised postgraduate residents who were asked to complete postgraduate hospital educational environment measure questionnaire. The residents' individual perception scores were calculated and the means of both individual domain and global score of the questionnaire were compared by different specialities and different levels of residency training year...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537478/characteristics-of-graduating-family-medicine-residents-who-intend-to-practice-maternity-care
#17
Sebastian T Tong, Camille J Hochheimer, Wendy B Barr, Matteo Leveroni-Calvi, Nicholas M Lefevre, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research found that 24% of graduating family medicine residents intend to provide obstetrical deliveries, but only 9% of family physicians 1 to 10 years into practice are doing so. Our study aims to describe the individual and residency program characteristics associated with intention to provide obstetrical deliveries and prenatal care. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2014-2016 graduating residents were obtained from the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination demographic questionnaire that asked about intended provision of specific clinical activities...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475389/remediation-in-canadian-medical-residency-programs-established-and-emerging-best-practices
#18
Cindy Shearer, Mark Bosma, Fiona Bergin, Joan Sargeant, Andrew Warren
BACKGROUND: Policies to guide remediation in postgraduate medical education exist in all Canadian medical schools. This study examines concordance between these policies and processes, and published "best practices" in remediation. METHOD: We conducted a literature review to identify best practices in the area of remediation. We then reviewed remediation policies from all 13 English medical schools in Canada other than our own and conducted interviews with key informants from each institution...
February 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452056/promoting-addiction-medicine-teaching-through-functional-mentoring-by-co-training-generalist-chief-residents-with-faculty-mentors
#19
Daniel P Alford, Brittany L Carney, Angela H Jackson, Belle Brett, Carly Bridden, Michael Winter, Jeffrey H Samet
BACKGROUND: Generalist physicians should play a vital role in identifying and managing individuals with substance use but are inadequately trained to do so. METHODS: This 5-year (2008-2012) controlled educational study assessed whether internal medicine and family medicine chief residents' (CRs) addiction medicine teaching increased by co-training with faculty mentors at a Chief Resident Immersion Training (CRIT) program in addiction medicine. All CRIT CR attendees identified a residency program faculty mentor to support addiction medicine teaching after CRIT through functional mentoring with a focus on developing and implementing an Addiction Medicine Teaching Project ("Teaching Project")...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401078/teaching-medical-students-clinical-anesthesia
#20
Saundra E Curry
There are many reasons for evaluating our approach and improving our teaching of America's future doctors, whether they become anesthesiologists (recruitment) or participate in patient management in the perioperative period (general patient care). Teaching medical students the seminal aspects of any medical specialty is a continual challenge. Although no definitive curricula or single clinical approach has been defined, certain key features can be ascertained from clinical experience and the literature. A survey was conducted among US anesthesiology teaching programs regarding the teaching content and approaches currently used to teach US medical students clinical anesthesia...
May 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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