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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526918/effect-of-problem-and-scripting-based-learning-on-spine-surgical-trainees-learning-outcomes
#1
Lin Cong, Qi Yan, Chenjing Sun, Yue Zhu, Guanjun Tu
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of problem and scripting-based learning (PSBL) on spine surgical trainees' learning outcomes. METHODS: 30 spine surgery postgraduate-year-1 residents (PGY-1s) from the First Hospital of China Medical University were randomly divided into two groups. The first group studied spine surgical skills and developed individual judgment under a conventional didactic model, whereas the PSBL group used PBL and Scripted model. A feedback questionnaire and the satisfaction of residents were evaluated by the first assistant surgeon immediately following each procedure...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468651/perceptions-of-residents-medical-and-nursing-students-about-interprofessional-education-a-systematic-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-literature
#2
Cora L F Visser, Johannes C F Ket, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi A Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: To identify facilitators and barriers that residents, medical and nursing students perceive in their Interprofessional Education (IPE) in a clinical setting with other healthcare students. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out to identify the perceptions of medical students, residents and nursing students regarding IPE in a clinical setting. PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC and PsycInfo were searched, using keywords and MeSH terms from each database's inception published prior to June 2014...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457072/the-dedicated-enough-doctor-the-limits-of-medical-altruism-in-the-21st-century
#3
Peter Gilbey, Mary C J Rudolf, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Anthony Luder
The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440097/exploring-the-role-of-classroom-based-learning-in-professional-identity-formation-of-family-practice-residents-using-the-experiences-trajectories-and-reifications-framework
#4
Luke Y C Chen, Maria M Hubinette
BACKGROUND: Classroom-based learning such as academic half day has undervalued social aspects. We sought to explore its role in the professional identity development of family medicine residents. METHODS: In this case study, residents and faculty from four training sites in the University of British Columbia Department of Family Practice were interviewed. The "experiences, trajectories, and reifications (ETR) framework" was used as a sensitizing tool for modified inductive (thematic) analysis of the transcripts...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439376/-back-to-bedside-residents-and-fellows-perspectives-on-finding-meaning-in-work
#5
Dustin M Hipp, Kristy L Rialon, Kathryn Nevel, Anai N Kothari, Lcdr Dinchen A Jardine
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is common and associated with significant consequences for physicians and patients. One mechanism to combat burnout is to enhance meaning in work. OBJECTIVE: To provide a trainee perspective on how meaning in work can be enhanced in the clinical learning environment through individual, program, and institutional efforts. METHODS: "Back to Bedside" resulted from an appreciative inquiry exercise by 37 resident and fellow members of the ACGME's Council of Review Committee Residents (CRCR), which was guided by the memoir When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439359/education-in-neurology-resident-documentation-using-payroll-simulation
#6
John W Liang, Vicki L Shanker
BACKGROUND: Approaches for teaching neurology documentation include didactic lectures, workshops, and face-to-face meetings. Few studies have assessed their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To improve the quality of neurology resident documentation through payroll simulation. METHODS: A documentation checklist was created based on Medicaid and Medicare evaluation and management (E/M) guidelines. In the preintervention phase, neurology follow-up clinic charts were reviewed over a 16-week period by evaluators blinded to the notes' authors...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375492/the-employed-neurosurgeon-essential-lessons
#7
Deborah L Benzil, Edie E Zusman
Neurosurgeons are highly specialized surgeons whose pride is mastery of the complexity of form and function that is the nervous system and then knowing when and how these require surgical intervention. Following years of arduous postgraduate education, neurosurgeons enter the world of practice that is not only daunting in its intricacies of regulations, mandates, and unknown business practices, but also changing at a meteoric pace. Overwhelmingly, graduating residents and fellows are choosing to practice as employed physicians, a trend that is new in its magnitude and also changed because of the rapid evolution of large health systems...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367291/learning-curves-for-three-specific-procedures-by-anesthesiology-residents-using-the-learning-curve-cumulative-sum-lc-cusum-test
#8
Gregoire Weil, Cyrus Motamed, David J Biau, Marie Laurence Guye
BACKGROUND: The learning curve cumulative sum (LC-CUSUM) test is an innovative tool that allows quantitative monitoring of individual medical performance during the learning process by determining when a predefined acceptable level of performance is reached. This study used the LC-CUSUM test to monitor the learning process and failure rate of anesthesia residents training for specific subspecialty anesthesia procedures. METHODS: The study included 490 tracheal punctures (TP) for jet ventilation, 340 thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) procedures, and 246 fiberoptic nasal intubations (FONI) performed by 18 residents during their single 6-month rotation...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350564/optrust-validity-of-a-tool-assessing-intraoperative-entrustment-behaviors
#9
Gurjit Sandhu, Vahagn C Nikolian, Christopher P Magas, Robert B Stansfield, Danielle C Sutzko, Kaustubh Prabhu, Niki Matusko, Rebecca M Minter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to establish evidence to support the validity of a novel faculty-resident intraoperative assessment tool for entrustment known as OpTrust. BACKGROUND: Recently, the landscape of surgical training has been altered, in part, because of resident work-hour changes and increased supervision requirements. To address these concerns, a new model for assessment of teaching and learning in surgical residencies must be anchored on progression through milestones and entrustment...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344713/exploring-the-experience-of-residents-during-the-first-six-months-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#10
Dawn Martin, Louise Nasmith, Susan Glover Takahashi, Bart J Harvey
BACKGROUND: The shift from undergraduate to postgraduate education signals a new phase in a doctor's training. This study explored the resident's perspective of how the transition from undergraduate to postgraduate (PGME) training is experienced in a Family Medicine program as they first meet the reality of feeling and having the responsibility as a doctor. METHODS: Qualitative methods explored resident experiences using interpretative inquiry through monthly, individual in-depth interviews with five incoming residents during the first six months of training...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#11
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254496/how-do-us-pediatric-residency-programs-teach-and-evaluate-community-pediatrics-and-advocacy-training
#12
Cara Lichtenstein, Benjamin D Hoffman, Rachel Y Moon
OBJECTIVE: In 2013, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education updated requirements for training in community pediatrics and advocacy in pediatric residency programs. In light of this update, the aim of this study was to better understand how community pediatrics is being taught and evaluated in pediatric residency programs in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional exploratory study using a Web-based survey of pediatric residency program directors in September 2014...
February 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217529/study-of-awareness-of-adrenal-disorders-among-interns-and-postgraduate-students-of-hamidia-hospital-bhopal
#13
Sachin Chittawar, T N Dubey, Jitendra Sharma, Sagar Khandare
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal disorders could be a life-threatening emergency, hence requires immediate therapeutic management. For this awareness regarding its diagnosis, management, and treatment is prime important. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study the awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduates students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed. Fifty-six participants, i...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179739/engaging-in-collaborative-research-focus-on-the-pharmacy-practitioner
#14
Melissa Badowski, Joseph E Mazur, Simon W Lam, Marta Miyares, Lucas Schulz, Sarah Michienzi
Research offers an opportunity for investigators to explore unanswered questions, highlight best practices, and engage in collaboration. Clinical research can engage health care professionals to identify treatments or procedures to enhance patient care, quality of life, and outcomes. Research may also include experiences in a unique practice site or teaching methodology of trainees, staff, or patients. The goal of research is to improve individual patient care via dissemination of knowledge through publications...
January 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156616/developing-an-ehealth-intervention-for-cancer-symptom-management-for-rural-residents
#15
Chi Yeung, Keri Nace Mercer, Dorota Bartoczszyk, Todd Papke
207 Background: A disproportionate number of late-stage cancer diagnoses occur in rural residents. Paradoxically this population, with an increased need for palliative care, has minimal access to these services. As smartphone and high-speed internet connectivity reaches near universal penetrance across the country, eHealth technologies have the potential to address this palliative care access gap. Oncology Associated Symptoms and Individualized Strategies (OASIS) web-app was developed to provide tailored cancer symptom self-management support and address this gap...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144170/flipping-the-classroom-to-teach-millennial-residents-medical-leadership-a-proof-of-concept
#16
Alicia T Lucardie, Lizanne Berkenbosch, Jochem van den Berg, Jamiu O Busari
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing changes in health care delivery have resulted in the reform of educational content and methods of training in postgraduate medical leadership education. Health care law and medical errors are domains in medical leadership where medical residents desire training. However, the potential value of the flipped classroom as a pedagogical tool for leadership training within postgraduate medical education has not been fully explored. Therefore, we designed a learning module for this purpose and made use of the flipped classroom model to deliver the training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139201/do-female-surgeons-learn-or-teach-differently
#17
Cody A Nebeker, Marc D Basson, Pam S Haan, Alan T Davis, Muhammad Ali, Rama N Gupta, Robert L Osmer, John C Hardaway, Andi N Peshkepija, Michael K McLeod, Cheryl I Anderson
BACKGROUND: Gender and/or gender-stereotypes might influence surgical education. We hypothesized that female surgeons might focus their learning and teaching differently from male surgeons. METHODS: Residents and surgeons (multi-institutional) individually recorded preoperatively discussed learning objectives (LO) for matching cases. Narratives were classified as knowledge-based, skill-based, or attitude-based. Multinomial logistic regression analyses, LO = dependent variable; independent variables = resident/surgeon gender, PGY level, timing of entry-to-procedure date, and quarters-of-year...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130128/positive-impact-of-transition-from-noon-conference-to-academic-half-day-in-a-pediatric-residency-program
#18
Laura Zastoupil, Amanda McIntosh, Jenna Sopfe, Jason Burrows, Jessica Kraynik, Lindsey Lane, Janice Hanson, L Barry Seltz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of transitioning from noon conference (NC) to academic half day (AHD) on conference attendance, interruptions, and perceived protected educational time and to describe pediatric resident experiences with AHD. METHODS: In this mixed-methods study, data before and after AHD implementation were collected. Quantitative data were analyzed with a 2-variable t test or chi-square test. Five focus groups and 5 individual interviews of pediatric residents were conducted...
May 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122550/developing-medical-education-capacity-in-russia-twenty-years-of-experience
#19
Bulat A Ziganshin, Mitra Sadigh, Liliya M Yausheva, Anna P Ziganshina, Arseniy A Pichugin, Alexey S Sozinov, Nail Kh Amirov, Asghar Rastegar, Ayrat U Ziganshin, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The partnership between Yale University (USA) and Kazan State Medical University (KSMU, Russia) was established in 1996 and transitioned to Western Connecticut Health Network (WCHN)/University of Vermont Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine (USA) in 2012 with the goal of modernizing medical education at KSMU primarily through introduction of the American medical education structure, role modeling, and educational capacity building. It was centered on the formation of a select group of Russian junior faculty members familiar with American medical education who would then initiate a gradual change in medical education at KSMU...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116011/supplemental-milestones-for-emergency-medicine-residency-programs-a-validation-study
#20
Andrew R Ketterer, David H Salzman, Jeremy B Branzetti, Michael A Gisondi
INTRODUCTION: Emergency medicine (EM) residency programs may be 36 or 48 months in length. The Residency Review Committee for EM requires that 48-month programs provide educational justification for the additional 12 months. We developed additional milestones that EM training programs might use to assess outcomes in domains that meet this accreditation requirement. This study aims to assess for content validity of these supplemental milestones using a similar methodology to that of the original EM Milestones validation study...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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