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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749629/knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-prostate-cancer-among-male-staff-of-the-university-of-nigeria
#1
Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Deborah Oyine Aluh, Abdulmuminu Isah, Chibueze Anosike
Prostate cancer is the number one cancer in males in Africa, both in terms of incidence and mortality, accounting for 40,000 (13%) male cancers and 28,000 (11.3%) male cancer-associated deaths. In the developed world, the probability of being diagnosed with cancer is more than twice as high as in developing countries. In developing countries, most cancer victims are diagnosed at late stage, with incurable tumors, pointing to the need for education schemes and better detection programs. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of prostate cancer among male staff of the University of Nigeria...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749606/perceived-stress-is-associated-with-increased-rostral-middle-frontal-gyrus-cortical-thickness-a-family-based-and-discordant-sibling-investigation
#2
L J Michalski, C H Demers, D A A Baranger, D M Barch, M P Harms, G C Burgess, R Bogdan
BACKGROUND: Elevated stress perception and depression commonly co-occur, suggesting that they share a common neurobiology. Cortical thickness of the rostral middle frontal gyrus (RMFG), a region critical for executive function, has been associated with depression- and stress-related phenotypes. Here, we examined whether RMFG cortical thickness is associated with these phenotypes in a large family-based community sample. METHODS: RMFG cortical thickness was estimated using FreeSurfer among participants (n=879) who completed the ongoing Human Connectome Project...
July 27, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749549/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-rituximab-in-patients-with-stiff-person-syndrome
#3
Marinos C Dalakas, Goran Rakocevic, James M Dambrosia, Harry Alexopoulos, Beverly McElroy
Objective In Stiff-Person Syndrome (SPS), an antibody-mediated impaired GABAergic neurotransmission is believed to cause muscle stiffness and spasms. Patients improve with GABA-enhancing drugs and IVIg, but several respond poorly and remain disabled. The need for more effective therapy prompted a trial with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab. Methods This was a placebo-controlled randomized trial of rituximab (two bi-weekly infusions of 1gr each). The primary outcome was a change in stiffness scores at 6 months...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#4
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749312/do-cultures-vary-in-self-enhancement-erp-behavioral-and-self-report-evidence
#5
Ryan S Hampton, Michael E W Varnum
Psychologists have long debated whether self-enhancement is universal or varies across cultures. Extant studies using explicit and implicit measures have provided mixed results. In this study (N = 93; 35 European American, 58 Chinese: 28 tested in English, 30 tested in Mandarin), we measured self-enhancement covertly using an ERP paradigm. Self-enhancement was also assessed via self-report and reaction-time based measures. Americans showed strong evidence of self-enhancement across all measures, whereas this effect was absent or weaker among Chinese, who instead showed an other-enhancing bias across measures...
July 27, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749198/empathy-training-in-medical-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
M Wündrich, C Schwartz, B Feige, D Lemper, C Nissen, U Voderholzer
AIM: Empathy is a core element in the doctor-patient relationship. This study examined whether empathy in medical students can be improved by specific training. METHODS: 158 medical students were randomized into two groups. The intervention group participated in an empathy skills training with simulated patients (SPs). The control group participated in a history course. After the intervention, empathy was assessed by blinded SPs and experts in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
July 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749193/validation-of-self-reported-hearing-loss-among-adult-croatians-the-performance-of-the-hearing-self-assessment-questionnaire-against-audiometric-evaluation
#7
Luka Bonetti, Boris Šimunjak, Jadranka Franić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the performance of a self-assessment hearing loss screening tool for adults against audiometric evaluation. Different audiological measurements were compared with the results of a 10-item Likert-type questionnaire named the Hearing Self-Assessment Questionnaire (HSAQ) to investigate its psychometric characteristics. DESIGN: Participants underwent audiological evaluation and completed the HSAQ. The screening performance of the HSAQ was evaluated against three definitions of hearing loss: better-ear mean pure-tone thresholds >25 dBHL at 500-2000 Hz, 500-4000 Hz and 1000-4000 Hz...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749192/current-review-of-the-sarqol%C3%A2-a-health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-specific-to-sarcopenia
#8
Charlotte Beaudart, Jean-Yves Reginster, Anton Geerinck, Médéa Locquet, Olivier Bruyère
Sarcopenia, defined by a progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and muscle function, is associated with many harmful clinical consequences. Several studies have reported the impact of sarcopenia on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using generic quality of life (QoL) questionnaires. The results of these observational studies are quite heterogenous. Indeed, generic tools may not be able to detect subtle effects of sarcopenia on QoL. Recently, a sarcopenia-specific HRQoL questionnaire was developed and validated in a population of sarcopenic subjects to more accurately assess the impact of sarcopenia on QoL...
July 27, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749150/positive-and-negative-assessment-center-feedback-in-relation-to-development-self-efficacy-feedback-seeking-and-promotion
#9
Nikolaos Dimotakis, Deb Mitchell, Todd Maurer
In this field study we examined both positive and negative developmental feedback given in managerial assessment centers in relation to employees' self-efficacy for their ability to improve their relevant skills assessed in the centers, the extent to which they sought subsequent feedback from others at work, and the career outcome of being promoted to a higher level position within the organization. We found that feedback was related to self-efficacy for improvement which was in turn positively related to feedback seeking, which was positively linked to the career outcome of promotion (e...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749081/looking-ahead-through-a-fragile-lens-vulnerable-narcissism-and-the-future-self
#10
David Kealy, Sharan Sandhu, John S Ogrodniczuk
Empirical data are lacking with regard to the degree to which self-absorbed hypersensitivity may be related to perceptions of the future self. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and several components of future orientation among psychiatric outpatients. A sample of 132 adult outpatients seeking mental health services completed measures assessing vulnerable narcissism, optimism, personal growth initiative and symptom distress, along with several questions regarding specific future outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748850/correlation-between-electroencephalogram-alterations-and-frontal-cognitive-impairment-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-complicated-with-depression
#11
Yin Cao, Xia Chen, Hui Xie, Ling Zou, Li-Jun Hu, Xian-Ju Zhou
BACKGROUND: Some esophageal cancer patients complicated with depression exhibit cognitive impairments. Frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) may be used as a reliable biomarker for prefrontal-mediated cognitive functions. This study was to investigate alterations of EEG and frontal cognitive impairment in esophageal cancer patients complicated with depression and to assess their correlation. METHODS: Sixty-five esophageal cancer patients with depression (study group) and 62 healthy controls (control group) were included in this study...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748848/nine-hole-peg-test-and-ten-meter-walk-test-for-evaluating-functional-loss-in-chinese-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#12
Hui-Xia Niu, Rui-Hao Wang, Hong-Liang Xu, Bo Song, Jing Yang, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Sheng Li, Bing-Qian Zhang, Shao-Ping Wang, Quan Yong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Ming Xu
BACKGROUND: The 9-hole peg test (9-HPT) and 10-meter walk test (10-MWT) are commonly used to test finger motor function and walking ability. The aim of this present study was to investigate the efficacy of these tests for evaluating functional loss in Chinese Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. METHODS: Thirty-four Chinese CMT patients (CMT group) from August 2015 to December 2016 were evaluated with 9-HPT, 10-MWT, CMT disease examination score, overall neuropathy limitation scale (ONLS), functional disability score, and Berg Balance Scale (BBS)...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748753/investigating-the-practices-of-patients-and-hospitals-in-treatment-of-diabetes-a-survey-questionnaire-for-arabic-speaking-countries
#13
Irfan Anjum Manarvi, Nader Mahr Matta, Abdulrahman Yassin
Diabetes is one of the most chronic diseases prevalent in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Its number of patients have increased in past few decades. Best efforts to provide world class treatments to patients through public and private hospitals are in hand. However, feedback of practices observed by patients and hospitals is not being achieved to assess the treatment efficacy. Absence of an elaborated questionnaire in Arabic language is a major hurdle to seek information from patients' due to their limited knowledge of English language in which most of the survey questionnaire exist in internationally published literature...
July 27, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748743/community-based-game-intervention-to-improve-south-asian-indian-americans-engagement-with-advanced-care-planning
#14
Kavita Radhakrishnan, Lauren Jodi Van Scoy, Regina Jillapalli, Shubhada Saxena, Miyong T Kim
OBJECTIVE: Advance care planning (ACP) allows individuals to express their preferences for medical treatment in the event that they become incapable of making their own decisions. This study assessed the efficacy of a conversation game intervention for increasing South Asian Indian Americans' (SAIAs') engagement in ACP behaviors as well as the game's acceptability and cultural appropriateness among SAIAs. DESIGN: Eligible community-dwelling SAIAs were recruited at SAIA cultural events held in central Texas during the summer of 2016...
July 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#15
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748731/long-term-management-of-distinct-facial-flushing-and-persistent-erythema-of-rosacea-by-treatment-with-carvedilol
#16
Katharina Pietschke, Martin Schaller
BACKGROUND: The treatment of persistent erythema and flushing episodes in patients with rosacea remains a clinical challenge. A possible therapeutic option could be given be the use of antihypertensive drugs. OBJECTIVES: We therefore evaluated the effect of the non-selective β-blocker carvedilol in five caucasian patients. METHODS: In a monocentric, retrospective case study the patients were treated with carvedilol titrated up to 12.5 mg twice a day over at least six months...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748648/accurate-template-based-modelling-in-casp12-using-the-intfold4-ts-modfold6-and-refold-methods
#17
Liam J McGuffin, Ahmad N Shuid, Robert Kempster, Ali H A Maghrabi, John O Nealon, Bajuna R Salehe, Jennifer D Atkins, Daniel B Roche
Our aim in CASP12 was to improve our Template Based Modelling (TBM) methods through better model selection, accuracy self-estimate (ASE) scores and refinement. To meet these aims we developed two new automated methods, which we used to score, rank and improve upon the provided server models. Firstly, the ModFOLD6_rank method, for improved global Quality Assessment (QA), model ranking and the detection of local errors. Secondly, the ReFOLD method for fixing errors through iterative QA guided refinement. For our automated predictions we developed the IntFOLD4-TS protocol, which integrates the ModFOLD6_rank method for scoring the multiple-template models that were generated using a number of alternative sequence-structure alignments...
July 27, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748598/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-therapy-in-reducing-general-psychological-distress-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-conditions-and-comorbid-mental-health-problems
#19
Sarah H Blainey, Freya Rumball, Louise Mercer, Lauren Jayne Evans, Alison Beck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of psychological therapy in reducing psychological distress for adults with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) and co-morbid mental health conditions in routine clinical practice. To explore the effect of individual characteristics and service factors on change in general distress. METHOD: In a specialist psychological therapies service for adults with ASC, the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) self-report questionnaire of psychological distress is completed by clients at start and end of therapy...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748557/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-very-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-individuals-from-6-to-26%C3%A2-years
#20
Julia Jaekel, Nicole Baumann, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Very preterm (<32 weeks' gestational age; VP) or very low-birth weight (<1,500 g; VLBW) birth has been associated with increased risk for anxiety and mood disorders and less partnering in adulthood. The aim was to test whether (a) VP/VLBW are at increased risk of any anxiety or mood disorders from 6 to 26 years compared with term-born individuals; (b) social support from romantic partners is associated with protection from anxiety and mood disorders; and (c) VP/VLBW adults' lower social support mediates their risk for any anxiety and mood disorders...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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