Read by QxMD icon Read


Andrew Kl Goey, Tristan M Sissung, Cody J Peer, William D Figg
The histone deacetylase inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) has been used for many decades in neurology and psychiatry. The more recent introduction of the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) belinostat, romidepsin and vorinostat for treatment of hematological malignancies indicates the increasing popularity of these agents. Belinostat, romidepsin and vorinostat are metabolized or transported by polymorphic enzymes or drug transporters. Thus, genotype-directed dosing could improve pharmacotherapy by reducing the risk of toxicities or preventing suboptimal treatment...
October 21, 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Fabian Treude, Tobias Gladbach, Jacqueline Plaster, Jörg Hartkamp
Aberrant histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity often correlates with neoplastic transformation and inhibition of HDACs by small molecules has emerged as a promising strategy to treat hematological malignancies in particular. Treatment with HDAC inhibitors (HDACis) often prompts tumor cells to undergo apoptosis, thereby causing a caspase-dependent cleavage of target proteins. An unexpectedly large number of proteins are in vivo caspase substrates and defining caspase-mediated substrate specificity is a major challenge...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jesús F San-Miguel, Vania T M Hungria, Sung-Soo Yoon, Meral Beksac, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Ashraf Elghandour, Wieslaw W Jedrzejczak, Andreas Günther, Thanyaphong N Nakorn, Noppadol Siritanaratkul, Robert L Schlossman, Jian Hou, Philippe Moreau, Sagar Lonial, Jae H Lee, Hermann Einsele, Monika Sopala, Bourras-Rezki Bengoudifa, Florence Binlich, Paul G Richardson
BACKGROUND: Panobinostat plus bortezomib and dexamethasone significantly increased median progression-free survival compared with placebo plus bortezomib and dexamethasone in the phase 3 PANORAMA 1 trial. Here, we present the final overall survival analysis for this trial. METHODS: PANORAMA 1 is a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase 3 trial of patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma with one to three previous treatments...
October 14, 2016: Lancet Haematology
Guy Pratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Lancet Haematology
Nageatte Ibrahim, Elizabeth I Buchbinder, Scott R Granter, Scott J Rodig, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Carla Becerra, Argyro Tsiaras, Evisa Gjini, David E Fisher, F Stephen Hodi
Epigenetic alterations by histone/protein deacetylases (HDACs) are one of the many mechanisms that cancer cells use to alter gene expression and promote growth. HDAC inhibitors have proven to be effective in the treatment of specific malignancies, particularly in combination with other anticancer agents. We conducted a phase I trial of panobinostat in patients with unresectable stage III or IV melanoma. Patients were treated with oral panobinostat at a dose of 30 mg daily on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays (Arm A)...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Medicine
G L Uy, E J Duncavage, G S Chang, M A Jacoby, C A Miller, J Shao, S Heath, K Elliott, T Reinick, R S Fulton, C C Fronick, M O'Laughlin, L Ganel, C N Abboud, A F Cashen, J F DiPersio, R K Wilson, D C Link, J S Welch, T J Ley, T A Graubert, P Westervelt, M J Walter
Traditional response criteria in MDS and AML are based on bone marrow morphology and may not accurately reflect clonal tumor burden in patients treated with non-cytotoxic chemotherapy. We used next-generation sequencing of serial bone marrow samples to monitor MDS and AML tumor burden during treatment with epigenetic therapy (decitabine and panobinostat). Serial bone marrow samples (and skin as a source of normal DNA) from 25 MDS and AML patients were sequenced (exome or 285 gene panel). We observed that responders, including those in complete remission (CR), can have persistent measurable tumor burden (i...
October 14, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Ariunzaya Bat-Erdene, Hirokazu Miki, Asuko Oda, Shingen Nakamura, Jumpei Teramachi, Ryota Amachi, Hirofumi Tenshin, Masahiro Hiasa, Masami Iwasa, Takeshi Harada, Shiro Fujii, Kimiko Sogabe, Kumiko Kagawa, Sumiko Yoshida, Itsuro Endo, Kenichi Aihara, Masahiro Abe
Panobinostat, a pan-deacetylase inhibitor, synergistically elicits cytotoxic activity against myeloma (MM) cells in combination with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib. Because precise mechanisms for panobinostat's anti-MM action still remain elusive, we aimed to clarify the mechanisms of anti-MM effects of panobinostat and its synergism with proteasome inhibitors. Although the transcription factor Sp1 was overexpressed in MM cells, the Sp1 inhibitor terameprocol induced MM cell death in parallel with reduction of IRF4 and cMyc...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
John H Saunders, David Onion, Pamela Collier, Matthew S Dorrington, Richard H Argent, Philip A Clarke, Alex M Reece-Smith, Simon L Parsons, Anna M Grabowska
BACKGROUND: A model to predict chemotherapy response would provide a marked clinical benefit, enabling tailored treatment of oesophageal cancer, where less than half of patients respond to the routinely administered chemotherapy. METHODS: Cancer cells were established from tumour biopsies taken from individual patients about to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A 3D-tumour growth assay (3D-TGA) was developed, in which cancer cells were grown with or without supporting mesenchymal cells, then subjected to chemo-sensitivity testing using the standard chemotherapy administered in clinic, and a novel emerging HDAC inhibitor, Panobinostat...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Jonathan Schwartz, Xiaojia Niu, Eric Walton, Laura Hurley, Hai Lin, Holly Edwards, Jeffrey W Taub, Zhihong Wang, Yubin Ge
Cure rates for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain suboptimal; thus new treatment strategies are needed for this deadly disease. Poor clinical outcomes have been associated with overexpression of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1, which have garnered great interest as therapeutic targets. While the Bcl-2-selective inhibitor ABT-199 has demonstrated promising preclinical anti-leukemic activities, intrinsic drug resistance remains a problem. In our most recent study, we identified Mcl-1 sequestration of Bim as a mechanism of intrinsic resistance to ABT-199 in AML cells, thus upregulating Bim could overcome such resistance...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Carolina Garrido, Adam M Spivak, Natalia Soriano-Sarabia, Mary Ann Checkley, Edward Barker, Jonathan Karn, Vicente Planelles, David M Margolis
In an effort to clear persistent HIV infection and achieve a durable therapy-free remission of HIV disease, extensive pre-clinical studies and early pilot clinical trials are underway to develop and test agents that can reverse latent HIV infection and present viral antigen to the immune system for clearance. It is, therefore, critical to understand the impact of latency-reversing agents (LRAs) on the function of immune effectors needed to clear infected cells. We assessed the impact of LRAs on the function of natural killer (NK) cells, the main effector cells of the innate immune system...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Yoichi Imai, Eri Ohta, Shu Takeda, Satoko Sunamura, Mariko Ishibashi, Hideto Tamura, Yan-Hua Wang, Atsuko Deguchi, Junji Tanaka, Yoshiro Maru, Toshiko Motoji
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a relapsed and refractory disease, one that highlights the need for developing new molecular therapies for overcoming of drug resistance. Addition of panobinostat, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, to bortezomib and dexamethasone improved progression-free survival (PFS) in relapsed and refractory MM patients. Here, we demonstrate how calcineurin, when inhibited by immunosuppressive drugs like FK506, is involved in myeloma cell growth and targeted by panobinostat. mRNA expression of PPP3CA, a catalytic subunit of calcineurin, was high in advanced patients...
April 21, 2016: JCI Insight
Jesus F San-Miguel, Hermann Einsele, Philippe Moreau
: Panobinostat is an oral pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor developed by Novartis. Panobinostat acts via epigenetic modification and inhibition of the aggresome pathway. In August 2015, the European Commission authorized panobinostat for use in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for the treatment of relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM) in patients who have received ≥2 prior regimens including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory drug. In January 2016, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommended panobinostat for use in the same combination and patient population...
September 27, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Peter M Voorhees, Saad Z Usmani
The advent of the immunomodulatory drugs thalido-mide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide; the proteasome inhib-itors bortezomib, carfilzomib, and ixazomib; the histone deacet-ylase inhibitor panobinostat; and the monoclonal antibodies elotuzumab and daratumumab has led to dramatic improvements in outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma. Along with progress in nontransplant therapy have come questions regarding the continued role of high-dose melphalan (HDM) supported by autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) in the treatment of multiple myeloma...
September 2016: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
Isabelle Becher, Thilo Werner, Carola Doce, Esther A Zaal, Ina Tögel, Crystal A Khan, Anne Rueger, Marcel Muelbaier, Elsa Salzer, Celia R Berkers, Paul F Fitzpatrick, Marcus Bantscheff, Mikhail M Savitski
We describe a two-dimensional thermal proteome profiling strategy that can be combined with an orthogonal chemoproteomics approach to enable comprehensive target profiling of the marketed histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat. The N-hydroxycinnamide moiety is identified as critical for potent and tetrahydrobiopterin-competitive inhibition of phenylalanine hydroxylase leading to increases in phenylalanine and decreases in tyrosine levels. These findings provide a rationale for adverse clinical observations and suggest repurposing of the drug for treatment of tyrosinemia...
September 26, 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Lisa A Raedler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
Leslie A Garrett, Whitfield B Growdon, Bo R Rueda, Rosemary Foster
BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that natural and synthetic histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can impede the in vitro and in vivo growth of cell lines from a variety of gynecologic and other malignancies. We investigated the anti-tumor activity of panobinostat (LBH589) both in vitro and in vivo as either a single agent or in combination with conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy using patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of primary serous ovarian tumors. METHODS: The ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR8, SKOV3 and their paclitaxel-resistant derivatives OVCAR8-TR and SKOV3-TR were treated with increasing doses of LBH589...
2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
Binod Dhakal, Saulius Girnius, Parameswaran Hari
There have been major recent advancements in the understanding and management of multiple myeloma. Diagnostic criteria have been revised and former ultra-high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma is now considered multiple myeloma in need of treatment. Understanding clonal progression, evolution, and tides not only has helped elucidate the disease behavior but might help expand therapeutic choices in order to select appropriate treatment for patients. Unprecedented response rates with modern triplet induction therapies containing proteasome inhibitor and immunomodulators have made this approach standard for initial treatment...
2016: F1000Research
Kirston Barton, Bonnie Hiener, Anni Winckelmann, Thomas Aagaard Rasmussen, Wei Shao, Karen Byth, Robert Lanfear, Ajantha Solomon, James McMahon, Sean Harrington, Maria Buzon, Mathias Lichterfeld, Paul W Denton, Rikke Olesen, Lars Østergaard, Martin Tolstrup, Sharon R Lewin, Ole Schmeltz Søgaard, Sarah Palmer
The 'shock and kill' approach to cure human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) includes transcriptional induction of latent HIV-1 proviruses using latency-reversing agents (LRAs) with targeted immunotherapy to purge infected cells. The administration of LRAs (panobinostat or vorinostat) to HIV-1-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy induces a significant increase in cell-associated unspliced (CA-US) HIV-1 RNA from CD4(+) T cells. However, it is important to discern whether the increases in CA-US HIV-1 RNA are due to limited or broad activation of HIV-1 proviruses...
2016: Nature Communications
Hongbin Liu, Phillip Pattie, Sahan Chandrasekara, Andrew Spencer, Anthony E Dear
Epigenetic regulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Particular interest has focused on miRNA-124 expression, which is inhibited in MDS and has recently been demonstrated to be upregulated in response to epigenetic treatment (EGT). Previous studies have determined the in vitro and in vivo expression of miRNA-124 and several molecular targets, including cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4, CDK6 and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), in order to elucidate the molecular mechanisms associated with the miRNA-124-mediated therapeutic response to EGT in MDS and identify additional potential biomarkers of early EGT treatment response in myeloid malignancies...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Nisintha Mahendrarajah, Ramin Paulus, Oliver H Krämer
PURPOSE: Activated CDC42-associated kinase-1 (ACK1/TNK2) and epigenetic regulators of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) family regulate the proliferation and survival of leukemic cells. 18 HDACs fall into four classes (I-IV). We tested the impact of clinically relevant histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) on ACK1 and if such drugs combine favorably with the therapeutically used ACK1 inhibitor Dasatinib. METHODS: We applied the broad-range HDACi Panobinostat/LBH589 and the class I HDAC-specific inhibitor Entinostat/MS-275 to various acute and chronic myeloid leukemia cells (AML/CML)...
November 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"