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Picc line

Gauri Bhutani, Mireille El Ters, Walter K Kremers, Joe L Klunder, Sandra J Taler, Amy W Williams, Andrew H Stockland, Marie C Hogan
Introduction Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) may adversely impact future successful arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). As part of a quality improvement project, the performance of tunneled small bore tunneled central venous catheters (TSB-CVCs), as alternatives to PICCs, was evaluated. Methods A retrospective observational study, involving individuals ≥18 years of age who underwent TSB-CVC placement by Interventional Radiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 1/1/2010 and 8/30/2013...
September 20, 2016: Hemodialysis International
Kevin N Johnson, Tina Thomas, Jason Grove, Marcus D Jarboe
BACKGROUND: Neonates commonly require central access, and in those with very low or extremely low birthweight this can be challenging. Described here is a technique that uses ultrasound guidance in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in neonates and an analysis of outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients below 1500 g that underwent placement of a peripherally inserted central catheter under ultrasound guidance between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014 at a single center...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
R W Atmawidjaja, M Azri, I H Ismail
Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade is a rare and life-threatening complication of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in a neonate. We report a 33-week preterm neonate who had sudden clinical deterioration at day seven of total parenteral nutrition regime via PICC. Recognition of pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade in neonates with a PICC requires a high index of suspicion and steps in prevention include proper catheter tip placement and continuous monitoring of line position and function...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Robert P Richter, Mark A Law, Santiago Borasino, Jessica A Surd, Jeffrey A Alten
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel real-time ultrasound (US)-guided distal superficial femoral vein (DSFV) cannulation technique for insertion of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in critically ill infants with congenital heart disease. DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective cohort study SETTING: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a pediatric tertiary hospital PATIENTS: First 28 critically ill infants that received DSFV PICCs via this new technique. RESULTS: Thirty-seven US-guided DSFV PICCs were attempted on 31 infants from September 2012 to November 2014; 34 PICCs were placed in 28 patients (success rate 92%)...
July 20, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Julie Le, Areg Grigorian, Samuel Chen, Isabella J Kuo, Roy M Fujitani, Nii-Kabu Kabutey
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a popular alternative to central venous lines. PICCs can provide reliable long-term access for intravenous fluids, antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition. Multiple factors can contribute to difficult PICC removal including adherent fibrin and thrombus formation around the catheter. We discuss a novel endovascular retrieval technique to remove tightly adherent PICCs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old male with history of chronic pancreatitis requiring intravenous pain medications, presented with right upper extremity single lumen PICC that could not be removed by standard techniques...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Dany Antanios Al Hamod, Smart Zeidan, Ayah Al Bizri, Georges Baaklini, Yolla Nassif
BACKGROUND: Among preterm infants, the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is the standard line for central venous access; however, its placement exposes them to hypothermia and pain. Ultrasound (US)-guided central line insertion may be less morbid than standard PICC line. AIMS: To determine the ease, success rate, and morbidity associated with US-guided central line insertion in the internal jugular vein (IJV) by comparing it to the standard PICC line placement...
May 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Ralph Gnannt, Bairbre L Connolly, Dimitri A Parra, Joao Amaral, Rahim Moineddin, Avnesh S Thakor
BACKGROUND: The position of the tip of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is crucial; malposition can lead to malfunction of the line or life-threatening events (e.g., arrhythmias, perforation). OBJECTIVE: To determine what factors other than arm position and accessed vein might influence the tip position of a PICC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were upper limb PICC placement, body weight <20 kg, intraoperative imaging with the arm in 0°, 45° and 90° abduction and an arm view marking the skin entry site relative to the shoulder...
October 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Xiao-Hui Zhang, Fei-Er Feng, Wei Han, Feng-Rong Wang, Jing-Zhi Wang, Yu Wang, Yao Chen, Hai-Xia Fu, Xiao-Dong Mo, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Chen-Hua Yan, Huan Chen, Yu-Hong Chen, Yang Liu, Lan-Ping Xu, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients are at an increased risk of thrombotic complications, most of which are catheter-related and present a substantial challenge. The incidence of CRT varies considerably depending on clinical factors. However, the underlying pathogenesis and risk factors remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective nested case-control study in patients following allo-HSCT. Thrombotic episodes were diagnosed based on the clinical suspicion of the physician (pain, swelling, etc...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
Susan Storey, Jamie Brown, Angela Foley, Erica Newkirk, Jan Powers, Julie Barger, Karen Paige
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a common life-threatening risk factor associated with central venous catheters (CVCs). Research has demonstrated benefit in reducing CLABSIs when CVCs coated with antimicrobials are inserted. The impact of chlorhexidine (CHG)-impregnated versus non-CHG peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) on risk of CLABSI is unknown. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is also a complication associated with CVCs. This study compares the impact of both PICC lines on these outcomes...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Jeffrey D Hord, John Lawlor, Eric Werner, Amy L Billett, David G Bundy, Cindi Winkle, Aditya H Gaur
BACKGROUND: Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric hematology/oncology (PHO) patients. Understanding the differences in CLABSI rates by central line (CL) type is important to inform clinical decisions. PROCEDURE: CLABSI, using similar definitions, noted with three commonly used CL types (totally implanted catheter [port], tunneled externalized catheter [TEC], peripherally inserted central catheter [PICC]) and CL-specific line days were prospectively tracked across 15 US PHO centers from May 2012 until April 2015 and CLABSI rates (CLABSI per 1,000 CL-specific line days) were calculated...
September 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Sue J Kim-Saechao, Earl Almario, Zachary A Rubin
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) removed prematurely for unconfirmed infection or thrombosis lead to subsequent reinsertions and associated complications. To improve clinical quality, a mandatory electronic communication tool (MECT) based on clinical practice guidelines was mandated for all inpatient adult PICCs in an academically affiliated tertiary medical center. This MECT facilitated early communication and specialized evaluation with the PICC team for any complications related to PICCs...
May 11, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
E McAuliffe, S O'Shea, M I Khan
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) have been increasingly used for administration of chemotherapy, antibiotics and blood products in patients with haematological malignancies. Although generally regarded safe, infections and thrombotic events have occurred with PICC use, necessitating study to guide future clinical prophylaxis and management. AIM: 1) Determine the incidence of PICC associated thrombosis in patients with haematological malignancies 2) To identify clinically significant risk factors contributing to these complications...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
Niloy Dasgupta, Manish N Patel, John M Racadio, Neil D Johnson, Matthew P Lungren
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is among the most common procedures performed in children in the hospital setting. PICC insertion can be simplified with the use of a sheathed needle as an alternative to the modified Seldinger technique. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate PICC placement for the technique used and the incidence of complications at a large pediatric tertiary care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all PICC placements at a single institution over a 4-year period...
September 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Rani A Bashir, Kamala Swarnam, Sakeer Vayalthrikkovil, Wendy Yee, Amuchou S Soraisham
Objective To examine whether there is an association between peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) insertion site and complication rates among preterm infants. Design We performed a retrospective analysis of the first PICCs placed in preterm infants in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between January 2006 and December 2010. The PICC-related complications resulting in catheter removal were compared based on site of insertion. Results Of the 827 PICCs, 593 (72%) were inserted in upper extremity...
August 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Anne L Smazal, Anne B Kavars, Susan J Carlson, Tarah T Colaizy, John M Dagle
BACKGROUND: While very preterm (<32 wk gestation) infants are routinely provided intensive nutritional support via central line, clinical practice varies for nutrient delivery in infants born moderately preterm (32-34 wk gestation). We sought to define the impact of nutritional support via peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) on nutrient delivery in the first 2 wk of life and growth by discharge. METHODS: Data were extracted from the records of 187 infants born between 32 and 34 6/7 wk gestation and admitted to the University of Iowa Children's Hospital between April 2012 and December 2013...
August 2016: Pediatric Research
David Ratz, Timothy Hofer, Scott A Flanders, Sanjay Saint, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND The number of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) lumens is associated with thrombotic and infectious complications. Because multilumen PICCs are not necessary in all patients, policies that limit their use may improve safety and cost. OBJECTIVE To design a simulation-based analysis to estimate outcomes and cost associated with a policy that encourages single-lumen PICC use. METHODS Model inputs, including risk of complications and costs associated with single- and multilumen PICCs, were obtained from available literature and a multihospital collaborative quality improvement project...
July 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Sergio Bertoglio, Beatrice Faccini, Luca Lalli, Ferdinando Cafiero, Paolo Bruzzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing use of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) for chemotherapy has led to the observation of an elevated risk of complications and failures. This study investigates PICC failures in cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a single cancer institution on 291 PICC placement for chemotherapy. The primary study outcome was PICC failure. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 119 days...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ammar Yousif, Anne-Marie Chaftari, Majd Michael, Mary Jordan, Zainab Al Hamal, Alawami Hussain, Natividad Elizabeth, Ying Jiang, Ray Hachem, Issam Raad
The use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) has increased over the past few years due to their less serious insertion complications. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether patients receiving PICCs impregnated with minocycline and rifampin had a lower rate of CLABSI compared with a concurrent control group of patients receiving uncoated PICCs.
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Ruby Gupta, Amy L Drendel, Raymond G Hoffmann, Carla V Quijano, Michael R Uhing
Objective This study aims to determine the frequency that umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) migrate into the cardiothymic silhouette after initial verification of correct placement. Study Design This is a single-center, retrospective study in neonates in whom a PICC or UVC was placed. The frequency of catheter tip migration into the cardiothymic silhouette requiring catheter manipulation was determined radiographically at 1 and 24 hours, respectively, after insertion...
May 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Natalie K Bradford, Rachel M Edwards, Raymond J Chan
BACKGROUND: Guidelines and clinical practice for the prevention of complications associated with central venous catheters (CVC) around the world vary greatly. Most institutions recommend the use of heparin to prevent occlusion, however there is debate regarding the need for heparin and evidence to suggest 0.9% sodium chloride (normal saline) may be as effective. The use of heparin is not without risk, may be unnecessary and is also associated with increased cost. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effects (benefits and harms) of intermittent flushing of heparin versus normal saline to prevent occlusion in long term central venous catheters in infants and children...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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