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Venipuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213945/optimization-of-initial-propofol-bolus-dose-for-eeg-narcotrend-index-guided-transition-from-sevoflurane-induction-to-intravenous-anesthesia-in-children
#1
Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Christiane Beck, Sebastian Heiderich, Martin Boehne, Andreas Leffler, Barbara Schultz, Robert Sümpelmann
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induction followed by intravenous anesthesia is a widely used technique to combine the benefits of an easier and less traumatic venipuncture after sevoflurane inhalation with a recovery with less agitation, nausea, and vomiting after total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Combination of two different anesthetics may lead to unwanted burst suppression in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during the transition phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective clinical observational study was to identify the optimal initial propofol bolus dose for a smooth transition from sevoflurane induction to TIVA using the EEG Narcotrend Index (NI)...
February 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207993/comparison-of-jugular-and-transverse-facial-venous-sinus-blood-analytes-in-healthy-and-critically-ill-adult-horses
#2
Kara M Lascola, Karie Vander Werf, Stephanie Freese, Alison Morgera, David J Schaeffer, Pamela Wilkins
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood gas, electrolyte, and metabolic analysis results between blood obtained by jugular and transverse facial venous sinus (TFVS) venipuncture in healthy adult horses and sick adult horses presented for emergency evaluation. DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study, from June 2012 to October 2013. SETTING: Large animal university teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ten healthy adult University-owned horses and 48 client-owned adult horses (≥2 years old) presenting to the large animal hospital emergency service for medical or surgical evaluation of systemic illness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195033/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#3
Valerie Head David Eshar And Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179154/managing-the-patient-identification-crisis-in-healthcare-and-laboratory-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Chiara Bovo, Emmanuel J Favaloro
Identification errors have emerged as a critical issue in health care, as testified by the ample scientific literature on this argument. Despite available evidence suggesting that the frequency of misidentification in vitro laboratory diagnostic testing may be relatively low compared to that of other laboratory errors (i.e., usually comprised between 0.01 and 0.1% of all specimens received), the potential adverse consequences remain particularly worrying, wherein 10-20% of these errors not only would translate into serious harm for the patient, but may also erode considerable human and economic resources, so that the entire healthcare system should be re-engineered to act proactively and limiting the burden of this important problem...
February 5, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178227/preliminary-study-for-designing-a-novel-vein-visualizing-device
#5
Donghoon Kim, Yujin Kim, Siyeop Yoon, Deukhee Lee
Venipuncture is an important health diagnosis process. Although venipuncture is one of the most commonly performed procedures in medical environments, locating the veins of infants, obese, anemic, or colored patients is still an arduous task even for skilled practitioners. To solve this problem, several devices using infrared light have recently become commercially available. However, such devices for venipuncture share a common drawback, especially when visualizing deep veins or veins of a thick part of the body like the cubital fossa...
February 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166379/reference-values-for-rotational-thromboelastometry-rotem-in-clinically-healthy-cats
#6
Charlotte Marly-Voquer, Barbara Riond, Rahel Jud Schefer, Annette P N Kutter
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) using feline blood. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-three clinically healthy cats between 1 and 15 years. INTERVENTION: For each cat, whole blood was collected via jugular or medial saphenous venipuncture, and blood was placed into a serum tube, a tube containing potassium-EDTA, and tubes containing 3...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147241/prolonged-use-of-the-etonogestrel-implant-and-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-device-two-years-beyond-fda-approved-duration
#7
Colleen McNicholas, Erin Swor, Leping Wan, Jeffrey F Peipert
BACKGROUND: The subdermal contraceptive implant, and the 52mg levonorgestrel intrauterine device (IUD) are currently FDA-approved for three and five years of use respectively. Limited available data has suggested both of these methods are effective beyond that time. Demonstration of prolonged effectiveness will improve the cost-effectiveness of the device, and potentially patient continuation and satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the contraceptive implant and the 52-mg hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) in women using the method for two years beyond the current FDA-approved duration...
January 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140511/comparison-of-cephalic-and-jugular-plasma-lactate-concentrations-in-sick-cats-a-pilot-study
#8
Emily K J Sachs, Tracy M Julius, Sean-Paul A Claypool, Monica C Clare
OBJECTIVES: To compare plasma lactate concentration (PLC) in paired cephalic and jugular blood samples from sick cats. An additional objective was to determine whether hypotensive cats (Doppler blood pressure < 90 mm Hg) have a significant difference between cephalic and jugular PLC. DESIGN: Prospective observational pilot study performed from December 2013 to August 2014. SETTING: Private veterinary referral center. ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned cats...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132792/pain-scores-for-venipuncture-among-ed-patients
#9
Sendoa Ballesteros-Peña, Gorka Vallejo-De la Hoz, Irrintzi Fernández-Aedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130888/first-time-success-with-needle-procedures-was-higher-with-a-warm-lidacaine-and-tetracaine-patch-than-an-eutectic-mixture-of-lidocaine-and-prilocaine-cream
#10
Giorgio Cozzi, Fabio Borrometi, Franca Benini, Elena Neri, Francesca Rusalen, Loredana Celentano, Davide Zanon, Silvana Schreiber, Luca Ronfani, Egidio Barbi
AIM: More than 50% of children report apian during venipuncture or intravenous cannulation and using local anaesthetics before needle procedures can lead to different success rates. This study examined how many needle procedures were successful at the first attempt when children received either a warm lidocaine and tetracaine patch or an eutectic mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA) cream. METHODS: We conducted this multicentre randomised controlled trial at three tertiary-level children's hospitals in Italy in 2015...
January 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126380/procedural-skills-of-the-entrustable-professional-activities-are-graduating-us-medical-students-prepared-to-perform-procedures-in-residency
#11
Adrienne N Bruce, Anagha Kumar, Sonya Malekzadeh
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education has been successfully instituted in graduate medical education through the development of Milestones. Consequently, the Association of American Medical Colleges implemented the core entrustable professional activities initiative to complement this framework in undergraduate medical education. We sought to determine its efficacy by examining the experiences and confidence of recent medical school graduates with general procedural skills (entrustable professional activities 12)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112871/quantification-by-nano-liquid-chromatography-parallel-reaction-monitoring-mass-spectrometry-of-human-apolipoprotein-a-i-apolipoprotein-b-and-hemoglobin-a1c-in-dried-blood-spots
#12
Clark M Henderson, James G Bollinger, Jessica O Becker, Jennifer M Wallace, Thomas J Laha, Michael J MacCoss, Andrew N Hoofnagle
PURPOSE: Proteomic analysis of blood proteins in DBS is gaining attention as a possible replacement for measurements in plasma/serum collected by venipuncture. We aimed to develop and provisionally validate a nanoflow LC-PRM-MS method for clinical use. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We used Skyline to develop a nanoflow LC-PRM-MS method to quantify glycated hemoglobin-β, apolipoprotein A-I, and apolipoprotein B in DBS. Precision, linearity, interferences, and stability and were determined and the method was used to analyze samples from 36 human volunteers...
January 23, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111492/adaptive-kinematic-control-of-a-robotic-venipuncture-device-based-on-stereo-vision-ultrasound-and-force-guidance
#13
Max L Balter, Alvin I Chen, Timothy J Maguire, Martin L Yarmush
Robotic systems have slowly entered the realm of modern medicine; however, outside the operating room, medical robotics has yet to be translated to more routine interventions such as blood sampling or intravenous fluid delivery. In this paper, we present a medical robot that safely and rapidly cannulates peripheral blood vessels-a procedure commonly known as venipuncture. The device uses near-infrared and ultrasound imaging to scan and select suitable injection sites, and a 9-DOF robot to insert the needle into the center of the vessel based on image and force guidance...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095834/barriers-to-venipuncture-induced-pain-prevention-in-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#14
Marilène Filbet, Philip Larkin, Claire Chabloz, Anne Chirac, Léa Monsarrat, Murielle Ruer, Wadih Rhondali, Cyrille Collin
BACKGROUND: Procedural pain reduces the quality of life of cancer patients. Although there are recommendations for its prevention, there are some obstacles for its management. The purpose of this study was to analyze the barriers to procedural pain prophylaxis in cancer patients reflecting the views of the nurses. METHODS: We used qualitative methodology based on semi-structured interviews conducted with nurses, focusing on practices of venipuncture-induced and needle change for implantable central venous access port (ICVAP) pain management in cancer patients...
January 17, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092610/effects-of-antioxidant-vitamins-a-d-e-and-trace-elements-cu-mn-se-zn-on-some-metabolic-and-reproductive-profiles-in-dairy-cows-during-transition-period
#15
A Omur, A Kirbas, E Aksu, F Kandemir, E Dorman, O Kaynar, O Ucar
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of some antioxidant vitamins and trace elements on some metabolic and postpartum reproductive profiles in dairy cows during transition period. In the study, altogether 20 clinically healthy Brown Swiss dairy cows (aged 4-5 years-old) under the same management and feeding conditions in periparturient period were used. The animals were divided into two equal groups: control (C) and treatment (T) group (n=10 for each group). Vitamins (A, D, E) and trace elements (Cu, Mn, Se, Zn) were administered intramuscularly into the cows of the T group, while isotonic saline, as placebo, was injected subcutaneously into those in the C group...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069521/validity-of-simplified-versus-standard-self-report-measures-of-pain-intensity-in-preschool-aged-children-undergoing-venipuncture
#16
Anthony Emmott, Nicholas West, Guohai Zhou, Dustin Dunsmuir, Carolyne J Montgomery, Gillian R Lauder, Carl L von Baeyer
: There is inadequate age-specific data to support the use of current self-report pain scales in 3- and 4-year-old children. Most preschool-aged children also lack the necessary cognitive development to use standard scales. We aimed to evaluate the validity and feasibility of two novel simplified scales (Simplified Faces Pain Scale, S-FPS; Simplified Concrete Ordinal Scale, S-COS) for preschool-aged children. These simplified scales used a two-step self-report method: children were first asked whether they have pain (yes/no); only if yes, then pain intensity was self-reported using a 3-point scale with visual aids signifying mild/moderate/severe...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068953/pregnant-human-peripheral-leukocyte-migration-during-several-late-pregnancy-clinical-conditions-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#17
Jun Takeda, Xin Fang, David M Olson
BACKGROUND: Parturition at term and preterm is characterized by sterile inflammatory processes occurring in the absence of infection whereby peripheral leukocytes infiltrate gestational tissues in response to chemotactic signals. In response to a homing signal, recruited leukocytes undergo diapedesis and extravasate through capillaries, migrating into stromal tissue. There they interact with resident immune and stromal cells to produce a mixture of matrix metalloproteinases, prostaglandins and cytokines including interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 that in turn transform the uterus from pregnancy to parturition...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051278/assessment-of-apoptosis-in-the-native-vein-used-for-hemodialysis-access
#18
Laura Leci-Tahiri, Božo Krušlin, Majda Vučić, Zdenko Sonicki, Ivo Lovričević
AIM: To determine whether apoptosis is more common in previously punctured native veins than in non-punctured native veins among patients who undergo surgical creation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for dialysis access. METHODS: Cephalic vein specimens were obtained from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 from 60 patients, 30 with previously punctured native veins and 30 with non-punctured native veins. Before AVF placement, a 1-cm vein segment was excised from distal part of the vein for histological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical analysis...
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044209/effects-of-low-level-laser-irradiation-on-human-blood-lymphocytes-in-vitro
#19
Mustafa S Al Musawi, M S Jaafar, B Al-Gailani, Naser M Ahmed, Fatanah M Suhaimi, Nursakinah Suardi
Low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) has various effects on cultured human lymphocytes in vitro, but little is known about such effects in whole blood. This study investigated whether LLLI affected lymphocyte count in human whole blood in vitro. A total number of 130 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy adult patients through venipuncture into tubes containing EDTA. Each sample was divided into two equal aliquots to be used as a non-irradiated control sample and an irradiated sample. The irradiated aliquot was subjected to laser wavelengths of 405, 589, and 780 nm with different fluences of 36, 54, 72, and 90 J/cm(2), at a fixed irradiance of 30 mW/cm(2)...
February 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038497/distraction-based-interventions-for-children-undergoing-venipuncture-procedures
#20
Hui-Chen Kuo, Hsiao-Hsien Pan, Debra K Creedy, Ying Tsao
Little is known about the effects of distraction techniques when undertaking medical procedures with hospitalized pediatric patients in Asian countries. This study examined the effects of distraction interventions on behavioral distress related to venipuncture procedures in Taiwanese children aged 3 to 7 years. Using concealed randomization, eligible children were allocated to receive a picture book ( n = 92), or animated cartoon ( n = 92) compared with routine oral instructions ( n = 92), when being injected with an intravenous cannula...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
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