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Venipuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911464/two-successful-insertions-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-a-super-elderly-patient-with-bilateral-pacemaker-placement
#1
Wenyan Sun, Yufen Ma, Bing Liu, Ruibing Ge, Kai Wang, Qi Song
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been placed through the peripheral veins, and the best location for the tip of the PICCs is the lower third of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction. PICCs are commonly used in intravenous administration, parenteral nutrition therapy, chemotherapy, as well as in critical care units. The success rates in venipuncture are enhanced when ultrasonographic guides are used by the bedside PICC teams. There have been few reports of PICCs placed in super elderly patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911367/a-simple-fluorescence-assay-for-quantification-of-canine-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-release
#2
Unity Jeffery, Robert D Gray, Dana N LeVine
Neutrophil extracellular traps are networks of DNA, histones and neutrophil proteins released in response to infectious and inflammatory stimuli. Although a component of the innate immune response, NETs are implicated in a range of disease processes including autoimmunity and thrombosis. This protocol describes a simple method for canine neutrophil isolation and quantification of NETs using a microplate fluorescence assay. Blood is collected using conventional venipuncture techniques. Neutrophils are isolated using dextran sedimentation and a density gradient using conditions optimized for dog blood...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898871/effect-of-disodium-calcium-malate-or-supplementation-on-growth-performance-carcass-quality-ruminal-fermentation-products-and-blood-metabolites-of-heifers
#3
C Carrasco, P Medel, A Fuentetaja, M J Ranilla, M D Carro
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of malate salts and culture on growth performance, carcass quality, ruminal fermentation products, and blood metabolites in heifers raised under southern Europe practical farm conditions. A total of 108 Charolaise cross heifers (214 ± 27.3 kg BW and 6.4 ± 1.1 mo of age) were housed in 18 pens of 6 animals each and used in a 114-d feedlot study. There was a totally randomized experimental design, and 6 pens were assigned to each of the following experimental diets: a control (no supplementation), the control plus 4 g of disodium/calcium malate mixture per kilogram of concentrate (2...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897313/the-impact-of-fist-clenching-and-its-maintenance-during-venipuncture-on-routine-hematology-testing
#4
Gabriel Lima-Oliveira, Gian Cesare Guidi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Giuseppe Lippi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of a disturbance of the blood vessel allows phlebotomists to collect a blood specimen by venipuncture that will truly mirror the patient condition. This study was aimed to evaluate the impact of repeated fist clenching and maintenance of the fist during blood collection by venipuncture for routine hematology testing. METHODS: Blood were collected from 16 healthy volunteers with two separate sequential procedures, entailing standard venipuncture with hand opened throughout blood collection, or clenching the fist six times before venipuncture and maintaining the fist until completion of blood collection...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891152/venipuncture-induced-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-presenting-as-inflammatory-arthritis
#5
Punit Pruthi, Pramod Arora, Manoj Mittal, Anugrah Nair, Waqia Sultana
Venipuncture is one of the most commonly done medical procedures. We report a unique case of a 23-year-old young male who presented with features suggestive of inflammatory arthritis. The symptoms, which initially started on the right side, also involved the other side after a few weeks. Although the patient's symptoms and signs were simulating inflammatory arthritis, he had atypical features like poor response to anti-inflammatory medicines and normal laboratory parameters. His musculoskeletal ultrasonography was also not suggestive of arthritis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876215/serological-evaluation-of-ovarian-steroids-of-red-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-during-the-estrous-cycle-phases
#6
Michele D Singh, Michael J Morris, Diva Anelie Guimarães, Gregory Bourne, Gary W Garcia
The objective of this study was to evaluate serum progesterone (P4) and 17β estradiol (E2) concentrations throughout the estrous cycle in the red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina). A total of eight multiparous, captive-bred females were bled throughout their estrous cycle via saphenous venipuncture, with E2 and P4 concentrations being measured via ELISA of the serum collected. Serum E2 ranged from 1212 to 3500pg/ml with a peak value coinciding with observed estrus. However, two additional peak values for E2 were also recorded, one each in metestrus and proestrus respectively...
October 19, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870589/results-of-a-prospective-study-evaluating-a-non-invasive-method-of-hemoglobin-adjustment-for-determining-the-diffusing-capacity-of-the-lung
#7
Karla E Foster, Rashmi D Sahay, Nanhua Zhang, William D Hardie
RATIONALE: Measurement of the lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is significantly influenced by the pulmonary capillary blood volume. Consequently, measurements require adjustment for blood hemoglobin concentration (DLCOADJ) to allow meaningful clinical interpretation. Noninvasive point-of-care devices that measure hemoglobin transcutaneously provide immediate values for hemoglobin that may be useful in pulmonary function laboratories for determining DLCOADJ. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that DLCOADJ determinations obtained using a commerciallyavailable device for noninvasive, point-of-care measurement of blood hemoglobin concentrations are not importantly different from determinations obtained using hemoglobin concentrations measured conventionally on venous blood samples...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867948/supra-therapeutic-plasma-concentrations-of-haloperidol-induce-moderate-inhibition-of-lipopolysaccharide-induced-interleukin-8-release-in-human-monocytes
#8
Herbert Bosshart
BACKGROUND: The clinical use of antipsychotics and mood-stabilizing drugs with proven efficacy is largely determined by the occurrence of treatment-emergent adverse events and routine clinical chemistry and haematology data, which together define the safety and tolerability profile of these psychopharmaceuticals. Whereas the effects of mood-stabilizing drugs on functional properties of blood cells have been poorly investigated, the effects of antipsychotics have received more attention...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864994/serum-spd-l1-upregulated-in-sepsis-may-reflect-disease-severity-and-clinical-outcomes-in-septic-patients
#9
Minlong Liu, Xiaoling Zhang, Haiyan Chen, Guoen Wang, Jun Zhang, Peng Dong, Yuanyuan Liu, Shan An, Li Wang
we aimed to find the correlation between serum sPD-L1 (soluble programmed cell death L-1 ligand) and sepsis. Totally 91 consecutive patients with sepsis were performed in a 15-bed medical intensive care unit (ICU) of the second affiliated hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University in Xi'an, China, between February 2015 and May 2016. Healthy controls (HC) consisted of 29 healthy volunteer. Baseline demographic data were recorded. Blood samples were collected through an indwelling central venous or by peripheral venipuncture...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861473/-direct-cost-of-primary-care-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-by-grd-in-third-level-of-care
#10
Rodolfo Barragán-Hervella, Álvaro Montiel-Jarquín, Iván Limón-Serrano, Víctor Escobedo-Sosa, Jorge Loría-Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the direct cost of primary health care for patients with mild traumatic head injury in a third level medical facility. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in 219 patients with mild traumatic brain injury (GRD 090 S06.0 ICD-10 including uncomplicated concussion without complication and increased comorbidity). LOCATION: A medical unit of tertiary care in the State of Puebla, Mexico. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Direct costs were taken from ACDO...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846247/islet-autoantibody-measurements-from-dried-blood-spots-on-filter-paper-strongly-correlate-to-serum-levels
#11
Kimber M Simmons, Aimon K Alkanani, Kristen A McDaniel, Christopher Goyne, Dongmei Miao, Zhiyuan Zhao, Liping Yu, Aaron W Michels
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is increasing in incidence and predictable with measurement of serum islet autoantibodies (iAb) years prior to clinical disease onset. Identifying iAb positive individuals reduces diabetic ketoacidosis and identifies individuals for T1D prevention trials. However, large scale screening for iAb remains challenging as assays have varying sensitivities and specificities, insulin autoantibodies remain difficult to measure and venipuncture is generally required to obtain serum. We developed an approach to reliably measure all four major iAb, including insulin autoantibodies, from dried blood spots (DBS) on filter-paper...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819061/use-of-dried-blood-spots-to-elucidate-full-length-transmitted-founder-hiv-1-genomes
#12
Jesus F Salazar-Gonzalez, Maria G Salazar, Damien C Tully, Colin B Ogilvie, Gerald H Learn, Todd M Allen, Sonya L Heath, Paul Goepfert, Katharine J Bar
BACKGROUND: Identification of HIV-1 genomes responsible for establishing clinical infection in newly infected individuals is fundamental to prevention and pathogenesis research. Processing, storage, and transportation of the clinical samples required to perform these virologic assays in resource-limited settings requires challenging venipuncture and cold chain logistics. Here, we validate the use of dried-blood spots (DBS) as a simple and convenient alternative to collecting and storing frozen plasma...
2016: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792244/breastfeeding-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#13
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Jessica Reszel, Mariana Bueno, Margaret Sampson, Vibhuti S Shah, Anna Taddio, Catherine Larocque, Lucy Turner
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) show that breastfeeding newborn infants during painful procedures reduces pain. Mechanisms are considered to be multifactorial and include sucking, skin-to-skin contact, warmth, rocking, sound and smell of the mother, and possibly endogenous opiates present in the breast milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of breastfeeding on procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) up to one year of age compared to no intervention, placebo, parental holding, skin-to-skin contact, expressed breast milk, formula milk, bottle feeding, sweet-tasting solutions (e...
October 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771258/development-and-validation-of-a-sensitive-and-selective-lc-ms-ms-method-for-determination-of-tacrolimus-in-oral-fluids
#14
Mwlod Ghareeb, Fatemeh Akhlaghi
Tacrolimus is a commonly used immunosuppressive agent in organ transplant recipients. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of tacrolimus is essential to adjust the dose and achieve optimal immunosuppression level. Routine TDM is practiced using whole blood samples obtained through venipuncture. However, tacrolimus concentration that is present in oral fluid (OF) can theoretically represent the free or pharmacologically active form of tacrolimus. In this study, we report the development and validation of a rapid, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for quantification of tacrolimus in OF...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766172/risk-reduction-of-needle-stick-injuries-due-to-continuous-shift-from-unsafe-to-safe-instruments-at-a-german-university-hospital
#15
Hagen Frickmann, Wibke Schmeja, Emil Reisinger, Thomas Mittlmeier, Karen Mitzner, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Podbielski
This study assessed protective effects of a continuous introduction of safe instruments in terms of reduction of needle stick injuries. The retrospective study analyzed correlations between the increasing proportion of safe instruments and a reduction of the incidence of needle stick injuries linked to such instruments in a German university hospital over 5 years. Incidents declined about 17.6% from 80.3 incidents per 1000 employees to 66.2, associated with an increase in the proportions of injuries due to instruments without protective mechanisms such as scalpels or hypodermic needles by 12...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737355/assessment-of-serum-copper-iron-and-immune-complexes-in-potentially-malignant-disorders-and-oral-cancer
#16
Ritu Tiwari, Chaya Manoranjini David, Datturao Ramanand Mahesh, Uma Sambargi, Kademadkal Javaraiah Rashmi, Prabhavati Benakanal
Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) of oral cavity and oral cancer remain a cause of serious concern despite intensive research and development. Diet and immunity have been identified to play a crucial role as modifying factors in these diseases. Our study intended to explore this relationship by estimating and comparing the serum levels of copper, iron and circulating immune complexes (CICs) in patients diagnosed with PMDs and oral cancer and normal healthy individuals. In this study, 40 histopathologically diagnosed cases of PMDs and oral cancer were included along with 30 healthy controls and 5 ml of venous blood was drawn using venipuncture...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734549/comparison-of-oral-midazolam-with-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-premedication-for-children-undergoing-ct-imaging-a-randomized-double-blind-and-controlled-study
#17
Babita Ghai, Kajal Jain, Akshay Kumar Saxena, Nidhi Bhatia, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing computerized tomography (CT) frequently require sedation to allay their anxiety, and prevent motion artifacts and stress of intravenous (IV) cannulation. AIMS: The aim of this trial was to compare the effectiveness of oral midazolam and intranasal dexmedetomidine as sole premedicants in children for carrying out both IV cannulation as well as CT scanning, without the need for additional IV sedatives. METHODS: Fifty-nine children, aged 1-6 years, scheduled to undergo CT imaging under sedation were randomized to receive either 0...
October 13, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712013/an-in-vitro-comparison-of-the-effects-of-voluven-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-and-hespan-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-670-0-75-on-measures-of-blood-coagulation-in-canine-blood
#18
Michelle Griego-Valles, Yekaterina Buriko, Jennifer E Prittie, Philip R Fox
OBJECTIVE: To assess primary and secondary hemostasis following in vitro dilution of canine whole blood (WB) with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and HES 670/0.75. DESIGN: In vitro experimental study. SETTING: Private practice, teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-five healthy dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Each dog underwent venipuncture and 18 mL of venous blood was sampled once. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Collected blood was separated in 4 aliquots...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707940/chlorhexidine-vs-tincture-of-iodine-for-reduction-of-blood-culture-contamination-rates-a-prospective-randomized-crossover-study
#19
Elizabeth Story-Roller, Melvin P Weinstein
Blood cultures (BC) are the standard method for diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSI). However, the average BC contamination rate (CR) in US hospitals is 2.9%, potentially resulting in unnecessary antibiotic use and excessive therapy costs. Several studies have compared various skin antisepsis agents without a clear consensus as to which agent is most effective in reducing contamination. A prospective, randomized crossover study was performed at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (RWJUH) directly comparing blood culture contamination rates using chlorhexidine vs...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695978/differential-vascular-reactivity-responses-acutely-following-ingestion-of-a-nitrate-rich-red-spinach-extract
#20
Cody T Haun, Wesley C Kephart, Angelia M Holland, Christopher B Mobley, Anna E McCloskey, Joshua J Shake, David D Pascoe, Michael D Roberts, Jeffrey S Martin
INTRODUCTION: Inorganic nitrate ingestion has been posited to affect arterial blood pressure and vascular function. PURPOSE: We sought to determine the acute effect of a red spinach extract (RSE) high in inorganic nitrate on vascular reactivity 1-h after ingestion in peripheral conduit and resistance arteries. METHODS: Fifteen (n = 15; males 8, females 7) apparently healthy subjects (aged 23.1 ± 3.3 years; BMI 27.2 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)) participated in this crossover design, double-blinded study...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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