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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318077/the-effectiveness-of-familiar-auditory-stimulus-on-hospitalized-neonates-physiologic-responses-to-procedural-pain
#1
Elham Azarmnejad, Forogh Sarhangi, Mahrooz Javadi, Nahid Rejeh, Susan Amirsalari, Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Hospitalized neonates usually undergo different painful procedures. This study sought to test the effects of a familiar auditory stimulus on the physiologic responses to pain of venipuncture among neonates in intensive care unit. The study design is quasi-experimental. The randomized clinical trial study was done on 60 full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 20 to June 20, 2014. The neonates were conveniently selected and randomly allocated to the control and the experimental groups...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315653/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#2
Valerie Head, David Eshar, Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293432/diabetic-retinopathy-and-oct-angiography-clinical-findings-and-future-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Jose Mauricio Botto de Barros Garcia, David Leonardo Cruvinel Isaac, Marcos Avila
In diabetic retinopathy (DR), macular involvement can present as either macular edema or ischemia. Fluorescein angiography remains the gold standard in the evaluation of retinal vascular perfusion and diagnosis of macular ischemia. However, it is a costly, time-consuming technique, it requires venipuncture, and reports of anaphylaxis and death related to fluorescein injections have been documented, despite their rarity. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a fast and non-invasive method to assess retinal structures at a microscopic level...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277157/interactive-associations-of-physical-activity-adiposity-and-oral-contraceptive-use-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-young-women
#4
Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Simon Higgins, Bhibha M Das, Ronald L Forehand, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most frequently used type of birth control among young women. OC-users have higher C-reactive protein (CRP) values, an indicator of systemic inflammation, than do non-OC-users. In addition, adiposity (percent fat) is positively associated with CRP, and physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with CRP. The present study determined the interactive associations of PA, percent fat, and OC-use with CRP. Data were collected during 2012-2015 at the University of Georgia. Objective PA was measured via pedometers...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275303/high-levels-of-serum-platelet-derived-growth-factor-aa-and-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-are-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#5
Hong-Da Pan, Yi-Fan Peng, Gang Xiao, Jin Gu
AIM: To develop predictive markers in blood for colorectal cancer liver metastasis. METHODS: Twenty colorectal cancer patients were selected and divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients whose pathological TNM stage was IIIC (T3-4N2M0), while another 10 patients with synchronous liver metastasis (TNM stage IV) were recruited for group B. During the surgical procedure, a 10-mL drainage vein (DV) blood sample was obtained from the DV of the tumor-bearing segment prior to the ligation of the DV...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266238/pre-analytical-phase-management-a-review-of-the-procedures-from-patient-preparation-to-laboratory-analysis
#6
Gabriel Lima-Oliveira, Waldemar Volanski, Giuseppe Lippi, Geraldo Picheth, Gian Cesare Guidi
The pre-analytical phase encompasses all the procedures before the start of laboratory testing. This phase of the testing process is responsible for the majority of the laboratory errors, since the related procedures involve many sorts of non-laboratory professionals working outside the laboratory setting, thus without direct supervision by the laboratory staff. Therefore, either correct organization or management of both personnel and procedures that regard blood specimen collection by venipuncture are of fundamental importance, since the various steps for performing blood collection represent per se sources of laboratory variability...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254632/metabolic-and-inflammatory-responses-to-the-common-sweetener-stevioside-and-a-glycemic-challenge-in-horses-with-equine-metabolic-syndrome
#7
S E Elzinga, B Rohleder, B Schanbacher, K McQuerry, V D Barker, A A Adams
Extracts derived from the leaves of the stevia plant (stevioside) are commonly used as sweeteners for humans and horses. Stevioside appears to be safe for human consumption, including for individuals with insulin dysregulation. In the horse, the safety or metabolic effects of stevioside on normal animals or on those with metabolic dysfunction are unknown. Furthermore, the inflammatory response to a glycemic challenge or to stevioside in horses is not well defined. Therefore, the objective of this study was to measure the effects of stevioside and a glycemic challenge on insulin, glucose, and inflammatory responses in horses with a common metabolic dysfunction (equine metabolic syndrome or EMS) compared with non-EMS controls...
February 4, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250987/comparing-intravenous-insertion-instructional-methods-with-haptic-simulators
#8
REVIEW
Lenora A McWilliams, Ann Malecha
Objective. The objective of this review was to compare traditional intravenous (IV) insertion instructional methods with the use of haptic IV simulators. Design. An integrative research design was used to analyze the current literature. Data Sources. A search was conducted using key words intravenous (IV) insertion or cannulation or venipuncture and simulation from 2000 to 2015 in the English language. The databases included Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Education Resource Information Center, and Medline...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239509/system-design-and-development-of-a-robotic-device-for-automated-venipuncture-and-diagnostic-blood-cell-analysis
#9
Max L Balter, Alvin I Chen, Alex Fromholtz, Alex Gorshkov, Tim J Maguire, Martin L Yarmush
Diagnostic blood testing is the most prevalent medical procedure performed in the world and forms the cornerstone of modern health care delivery. Yet blood tests are still predominantly carried out in centralized labs using large-volume samples acquired by manual venipuncture, and no end-to-end solution from blood draw to sample analysis exists today. Our group is developing a platform device that merges robotic phlebotomy with automated diagnostics to rapidly deliver patient information at the site of the blood draw...
October 2016: Proceedings of the ... IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239025/the-role-of-single-nucleotide-variants-of-the-energy-metabolism-linked-genes-sirt3-ppargc1a-and-apoe-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-risk
#10
Diego Albani, Elisabetta Pupillo, Elisa Bianchi, Armando Chierchia, Rosalba Martines, Gianluigi Forloni, Ettore Beghi
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a multifactorial disease, possibly with contributions from genetics and lifestyle. We examined variants in genes relevant to energy metabolism and physical activity in a case-control association study, with the aim of assessing genetics and physical activity as contributors to ALS risk. A well-characterized sample of Italian ALS patients (101) and controls (101) from the EURALS Consortium underwent a questionnaire interview on demographic, physical and other lifestyle habits, and venipuncture for DNA extraction...
February 24, 2017: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226042/emergency-interventions-for-air-medical-services-trauma-victims
#11
Gabriela Schweitzer, Eliane Regina Pereira do Nascimento, Keyla Cristiane do Nascimento, André Ricardo Moreira, Lucia Nazareth Amante, Luciana Bihain Hagemann de Malfussi
Objective: to analyze emergency interventions for air medical services trauma victims, considering the time at the scene of trauma and the severity of the victims. Method: This was a descriptive, correlational and quantitative study, conducted from October of 2014 to December of 2015. Six nurses participated, completing an instrument containing emergency interventions performed in the care of victims after the occurrence of trauma. The sample consisted of 97 treatments...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220711/comparison-of-hba1c-detection-in-whole-blood-and-dried-blood-spots-using-an-automated-ion-exchange-hplc-system
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aleksandra Maleska, Christophe Hirtz, Elise Casteleyn, Orianne Villard, Jacques Ducos, Antoine Avignon, Ariane Sultan, Sylvain Lehmann
AIM: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a widely recognized analyte for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes. Dried blood spot (DBS) constitutes a useful alternative to blood collection by venipuncture. Analytical and clinical validation of DBS use is, however, necessary before implementation. Results/methodology: HbA1c levels from whole blood or DBS from a cohort patients with diabetes were compared. DBS specimens were stable at ambient temperature. HbA1c detection on DBS was accurate, robust, and the correlation and agreement with whole blood values was excellent...
March 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220408/guanidinoacetate-methyltransferase-activity-in-lymphocytes-for-a-fast-diagnosis
#13
Lisette M Berends, Eduard A Struys, Birthe Roos, Ulbe Holwerda, Erwin E W Jansen, Gajja S Salomons, Mirjam M C Wamelink
INTRODUCTION: Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an inborn error of metabolism (IEM), clinically characterized by intellectual disability, developmental delay, seizures, and movement disorders. Biochemical diagnosis of GAMT deficiency is based on the measurement of creatine and guanidinoacetate in urine, plasma, or CSF and is confirmed genetically by DNA analysis or by enzyme assay in lymphoblasts or fibroblasts. To obtain enough cells, these cells need to be cultured for at least 1 month...
February 21, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215216/effect-of-milk-replacer-and-concentrate-intake-on-growth-rate-feeding-behaviour-and-systemic-metabolite-concentrations-of-pre-weaned-bull-calves-of-two-dairy-breeds
#14
C J Byrne, S Fair, A M English, D Johnston, P Lonergan, D A Kenny
Early-life nutrition affects calf development and thus subsequent performance. The aim of this study was to examine the effect plane of nutrition on growth, feeding behaviour and systemic metabolite concentrations of artificially reared dairy bull calves. Holstein-Friesian (F; n=42) and Jersey (J; n=25) bull calves with a mean±SD age (14±4.7 v. 27±7.2 days) and BW (47±5.5 v. 33±4.7 kg) were offered a high, medium or low plane of nutrition for 8 weeks using an electronic feeding system which recorded a range of feed-related events...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213945/optimization-of-initial-propofol-bolus-dose-for-eeg-narcotrend-index-guided-transition-from-sevoflurane-induction-to-intravenous-anesthesia-in-children
#15
Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Christiane Beck, Sebastian Heiderich, Martin Boehne, Andreas Leffler, Barbara Schultz, Robert Sümpelmann
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induction followed by intravenous anesthesia is a widely used technique to combine the benefits of an easier and less traumatic venipuncture after sevoflurane inhalation with a recovery with less agitation, nausea, and vomiting after total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Combination of two different anesthetics may lead to unwanted burst suppression in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during the transition phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective clinical observational study was to identify the optimal initial propofol bolus dose for a smooth transition from sevoflurane induction to TIVA using the EEG Narcotrend Index (NI)...
February 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207993/comparison-of-jugular-and-transverse-facial-venous-sinus-blood-analytes-in-healthy-and-critically-ill-adult-horses
#16
Kara M Lascola, Karie Vander Werf, Stephanie Freese, Alison Morgera, David J Schaeffer, Pamela Wilkins
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood gas, electrolyte, and metabolic analysis results between blood obtained by jugular and transverse facial venous sinus (TFVS) venipuncture in healthy adult horses and sick adult horses presented for emergency evaluation. DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study, from June 2012 to October 2013. SETTING: Large animal university teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ten healthy adult University-owned horses and 48 client-owned adult horses (≥2 years old) presenting to the large animal hospital emergency service for medical or surgical evaluation of systemic illness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195033/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#17
Valerie Head David Eshar And Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179154/managing-the-patient-identification-crisis-in-healthcare-and-laboratory-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Chiara Bovo, Emmanuel J Favaloro
Identification errors have emerged as a critical issue in health care, as testified by the ample scientific literature on this argument. Despite available evidence suggesting that the frequency of misidentification in vitro laboratory diagnostic testing may be relatively low compared to that of other laboratory errors (i.e., usually comprised between 0.01 and 0.1% of all specimens received), the potential adverse consequences remain particularly worrying, wherein 10-20% of these errors not only would translate into serious harm for the patient, but may also erode considerable human and economic resources, so that the entire healthcare system should be re-engineered to act proactively and limiting the burden of this important problem...
February 5, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178227/preliminary-study-for-designing-a-novel-vein-visualizing-device
#19
Donghoon Kim, Yujin Kim, Siyeop Yoon, Deukhee Lee
Venipuncture is an important health diagnosis process. Although venipuncture is one of the most commonly performed procedures in medical environments, locating the veins of infants, obese, anemic, or colored patients is still an arduous task even for skilled practitioners. To solve this problem, several devices using infrared light have recently become commercially available. However, such devices for venipuncture share a common drawback, especially when visualizing deep veins or veins of a thick part of the body like the cubital fossa...
February 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166379/reference-values-for-rotational-thromboelastometry-rotem-in-clinically-healthy-cats
#20
Charlotte Marly-Voquer, Barbara Riond, Rahel Jud Schefer, Annette P N Kutter
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) using feline blood. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-three clinically healthy cats between 1 and 15 years. INTERVENTION: For each cat, whole blood was collected via jugular or medial saphenous venipuncture, and blood was placed into a serum tube, a tube containing potassium-EDTA, and tubes containing 3...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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