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Venipuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809436/anatomical-description-of-the-main-vessels-for-venipuncture-in-the-black-striped-capuchin-monkey-sapajus-libidinosus-silva-junior-2002
#1
Ana Y F La Salles, Jefferson F Cordeiro, José R S Santos, Artur N Carreiro, Gildenor X Medeiros, Danilo J A Menezes
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of data on the anatomy of Sapajus libidinosus has impeded the execution for appropriate veterinary treatment. The objective of this study was to describe the main peripheral veins of the capuchin monkey, used in venipuncture and indicate the best access route for venipuncture procedures. METHODS: Ten S. libidinosus corpses were used. The face, neck, chest, and pelvic limb were dissected using surgical instruments to identify and locate surface vessels...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806355/seroprevalence-of-anti-polio-antibodies-in-children-from-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-2015-2016
#2
Imtiaz Hussain, Ondrej Mach, Atif Habib, Zaid Bhatti, Zamir Suhag, M Steven Oberste, William C Weldon, Roland W Sutter, Sajid B Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pakistan is one of the 3 remaining wild poliovirus endemic countries. We collected sera from children to assess the prevalence of poliovirus antibodies in selected high-risk areas for poliovirus transmission. METHODS: Children in 2 age groups (6-11 and 36-48 months) were randomly selected between November 2015 and March 2016 in 6 areas of Pakistan (Sindh Province: Karachi and Kashmore; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province: Peshawar, Bannu and Nowshera; Punjab Province: Faisalabad)...
September 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779942/effect-of-inhalation-aromatherapy-with-lavender-essence-on-pain-associated-with-intravenous-catheter-insertion-in-preschool-children-a-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Ali Bikmoradi, Masoomeh Khaleghverdi, Iraj Seddighi, Shirin Moradkhani, Alireza Soltanian, Fatemeh Cheraghi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence on the pain severity of intravenous catheter insertion in hospitalized preschool children. METHOD: A quasi-experimental study involving 60 participants using convenience sampling were assigned to control (n = 30) and aromatherapy (n = 30) groups. Children in the aromatherapy group inhaled 5 drops of the essence, while children in the control group inhaled 5 drops of distilled water, 20 min before venipuncture...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777417/outcomes-of-three-types-of-native-arteriovenous-fistula-in-a-single-center
#4
Emiliano Chisci, Linda M Harris, Francesco Menici, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Eugenio Romano, Nicola Troisi, Leonardo Ercolini, Stefano Michelagnoli
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcomes of three different types of native arteriovenous fistula (AVF), the distal (D: radial-cephalic), middle-arm (MA: radial-cephalic) and proximal (P: brachial-cephalic) AVF access creation for hemodialysis patients in a single center. METHODS: An 8-year retrospective review, from 2006 to 2014, was conducted at a single institution in which the surgical outcomes for three different types of native AVF creation were reviewed. Preoperative duplex vein mapping was obtained in all patients to choose the best vein and site for access...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767365/a-novel-method-for-low-contrast-and-high-noise-vessel-segmentation-and-location-in-venipuncture
#5
Yuhe Li, Zhendong Qiao, Shaoqin Zhang, Zhenhuan Wu, Xueqin Mao, Jiahua Kou, Hong Qi
Blood sampling is the most common medical technique, and vessel detection is of crucial interest for automated venipuncture systems. In this study, we propose a new convex-regional-based gradient model that uses contextually related regional information, including vessel width size and gray distribution, to segment and locate vessels in a near-infrared image. A convex function with the interval size of vessel width is constructed and utilized for its edge-preserving superiority. Moreover, white and linear noise independences are derived...
July 27, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762484/venipuncture-procedures-sources-of-human-peripheral-blood-cells-serum-and-plasma
#6
Barbara E Bierer, Warren Strober
Peripheral blood is the chief source of mononuclear cells (lymphocytes and monocytes) for immunologic studies of humans. This appendix presents protocols for obtaining blood by simple venipuncture when relatively small amounts of blood (10 to 100 ml) are necessary or by lymphapheresis when large amounts (300 to 5000 ml) are necessary. Cells collected by these procedures can be further separated by techniques described in Chapter 7. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
August 1, 2017: Current Protocols in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758079/ultrasonographic-study-of-the-anatomical-relationship-between-the-lateral-antebrachial-cutaneous-nerve-and-the-cephalic-vein
#7
Hyung Soon Im, Jin Young Im, Ki Hoon Kim, Dong Hwee Kim, Byung Kyu Park
OBJECTIVE: To define the anatomy of the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LABCN) and the cephalic vein (CV) in the anterior forearm region of living humans using ultrasonography for preventing LABCN injury during cephalic venipuncture. METHODS: Thirty forearms of 15 healthy volunteers were evaluated using ultrasonography to identify the point where the LABCN begins to contact with the CV, and the point where the LABCN separates from the CV. The LABCN pathway in the forearm in relation to a nerve conduction study was also evaluated...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751136/effects-of-covering-the-eyes-versus-playing-intrauterine-sounds-on-premature-infants-pain-and-physiological-parameters-during-venipuncture
#8
Dilek Küçük Alemdar, Funda Kardaş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: There is a need to assess the impact of initiatives to reduce exposure to environmental light and sound in preterm infants undergoing painful interventions in neonatal intensive care units. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to identify the effect of covering the eyes and playing the intrauterine ambient sounds on premature infants' pain and physiological parameters during venipuncture. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749270/health-survey-including-selected-blood-parameters-in-the-african-slender-snouted-crocodile-mecistops-cataphractus-at-the-abidjan-zoo-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#9
Carol Bradford, Matt Eschenbrenner
The Zoo National d'Abidjan (Abidjan Zoo) in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa, holds the world's largest captive population of African slender-snouted crocodiles (Mecistops cataphractus, formerly Crocodylus cataphractus), at 36 adults, 16 yearlings, and 23 hatchlings. Twelve yearling and 12 adult slender-snouted crocodiles at the Abidjan Zoo were restrained for physical exam, body condition scoring, and venipuncture in September 2015. Blood samples collected from the supravertebral venous sinus were analyzed using a handheld blood analyzer (Abaxis® I-stat, Abaxis, Inc...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746044/various-glycolysis-inhibitor-containing-tubes-for-glucose-measurement-cannot-be-used-interchangeably-due-to-clinically-unacceptable-biases-between-them
#10
Andrea Saracevic, Lora Dukic, Gordana Juricic, Lara Milevoj Kopcinovic, Gorana Mirosevic, Ana-Maria Simundic
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to determine the difference between glucose concentration measured 30 min after venipuncture in ice-chilled heparin plasma sample and all currently available citrate buffer-containing tubes (Greiner Glucomedics, Greiner FC Mix and Sarstedt GlucoEXACT) and still widely used sodium fluoride/potassium oxalate (NaF/Kox) tubes from Greiner. METHODS: Blood was collected from 20 healthy volunteers and 20 patients with diabetes into LiH, NaF/KOx, Glucomedics, FC mix and GlucoEXACT tubes...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745099/a-new-wireless-enabled-blood-glucose-monitoring-system-that-links-to-a-smart-mobile-device-accuracy-and-user-performance-evaluation
#11
Mark Christiansen, Carmine Greene, Scott Pardo, Mary Ellen Warchal-Windham, Bern Harrison, Robert Morin, Timothy S Bailey
BACKGROUND: These studies investigated the accuracy of the new Contour(®)Next ONE blood glucose monitoring system (BGMS) that is designed to sync with the Contour™ Diabetes app on a smartphone or tablet. METHODS: A laboratory study tested fingertip capillary blood samples from 100 subjects in duplicate using 3 test strip lots, based on ISO 15197:2013 Section 6.3 analytical accuracy standards. A clinical study assessed accuracy per ISO 15197:2013 Section 8 criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735065/time-required-for-resetting-postural-effects-on-serum-constituents-in-healthy-individuals
#12
Yoshihisa Shimizu, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Katsunori Kouguchi
OBJECTIVE: We investigated postural effects on concentrations of commonly measured serum analytes and sought for optimal duration of sitting before venipuncture in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Seven healthy volunteers changed posture serially at 30-minute (min) intervals from lying, sitting, slowly walking, sitting, and to lying again. At the end of the first lying posture, wing-needle was inserted into cubital vein and 3mL of blood was drawn every 5min. All the serum was stored at -80°C until the time of collective measurements for 16 major chemistry analytes two weeks later...
July 19, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734116/preparing-platelet-rich-plasma-with-whole-blood-harvested-intraoperatively-during-spinal-fusion
#13
Bin Shen, Zheng Zhang, Ning-Feng Zhou, Yu-Feng Huang, Yu-Jie Bao, De-Sheng Wu, Ya-Dong Zhang
BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has gained growing popularity in use in spinal fusion procedures in the last decade. Substantial intraoperative blood loss is frequently accompanied with spinal fusion, and it is unknown whether blood harvested intraoperatively qualifies for PRP preparation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Whole blood was harvested intraoperatively and venous blood was collected by venipuncture. Then, we investigated the platelet concentrations in whole blood and PRP, the concentration of growth factors in PRP, and the effects of PRP on the proliferation and viability of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HBMSCs)...
July 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731867/specific-skin-lesions-of-sarcoidosis-located-at-venipuncture-points-for-blood-sample-collection
#14
Joaquim Marcoval, Rosa M Penín, Juan Mañá
It has been suggested that the predilection of sarcoidosis to affect scars is due to the presence of antigens or foreign bodies that can serve as a stimulus for granuloma formation. Several patients with sarcoidosis-specific skin lesions in venous puncture sites have been reported. However, in these patients the pathogenesis of the cutaneous lesions is not clear because the presence of foreign bodies is not to be expected. Our objective was to describe 3 patients who developed specific lesions of sarcoidosis in areas of venipuncture and to discuss their possible pathogenesis...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727180/why-was-a-local-anaesthetic-used-before-administering-intranasal-ketamine-for-paediatric-injuries
#15
Sabine Lemoine, Daniel Jost, Kilian Bertho, Jean Pierre Tourtier
We were very interested to read Scheier et al's brief report on the use of intranasal ketamine in their pediatric emergency department, specifically for pain and anxiety in children who had resisted venipuncture or intravenous placement (1). Intravenous access can be difficult for pre-hospital medical teams that are not specialised in paediatric care, namely when children complain of pain from, for example suspected fractures and burns. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727025/effect-of-handling-intensity-at-the-time-of-transport-for-slaughter-on-physiological-response-and-carcass-characteristics-in-beef-cattle-fed-ractopamine-hydrochloride
#16
J A Hagenmaier, C D Reinhardt, S J Bartle, J N Henningson, M J Ritter, M S Calvo-Lorenzo, G J Vogel, C A Guthrie, M G Siemens, D U Thomson
The effects of handling intensity on the physiological response and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle fed ractopamine hydrochloride were evaluated at the time of transport to slaughter. Eighty steers (BW = 668 ± 36 kg) representing 10 lots of similar breed, frame size, and degree of finish were blocked by lot, stratified by weight, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 handling intensities (HI) over a 1,600 m dirt alley course: 1) low-stress handling (LSH) or 2) high-stress handling (HSH). For the LSH treatment, 4 penmates were kept at a walk with the use of a lead rider...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726263/developing-a-medical-picture-book-for-reducing-venipuncture-distress-in-preschool-aged-children
#17
Ying Tsao, Hui-Chen Kuo, Hsui-Chuan Lee, Shuenn-Jiun Yiin
AIM: Distress associated with needle-related procedures is a major concern in preschool-aged children nursing. This study developed a medical picture book for supporting preschool-aged children facing a venipuncture and determined the effectiveness of such a book intervention in decreasing behavioural distress. METHODS: The picture book was designed in 3 stages: developing stories on medical situations, penning the text, and drafting the book. We conducted a quasiexperimental study to examine the effectiveness of the book...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719485/does-the-application-of-heat-gel-pack-after-eutectic-mixture-of-local-anesthetic-cream-improve-venipuncture-or-intravenous-cannulation-success-rate-in-children-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Silvana Schreiber, Giorgio Cozzi, Giuseppa Patti, Andrea Taddio, Marcella Montico, Chiara Pierobon, Egidio Barbi
OBJECTIVE: Needle-related procedures are the most common sources of pain for children in the hospital setting. The most used topical anesthetic, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream, may cause transient vasoconstriction. It has been postulated that this vasoconstriction may decrease vein visualization. The application of heat gel pack after removal of EMLA cream in the site of venipuncture counteracts the vasoconstriction, improving vein visualization. We assessed using a prospective randomized controlled trial whether the application of heat gel pack increases the needle procedure success rate...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712478/comparison-of-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-two-point-acupressure-on-the-severity-of-venipuncture-pain-among-hospitalized-6-12-year-old-children
#19
Parisa Shahmohammadi Pour, Golnaz Foroogh Ameri, Majid Kazemi, Yones Jahani
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6-12-year-old children. A sample (n = 120) of 6-12-year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anesthesia and the acupressure groups, eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream and two-point acupressure were used, respectively, prior to performing venipuncture, whereas children in the control group only received routine prevenipuncture care...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711257/seasonal-and-maternal-effects-on-acid-base-l-lactate-electrolyte-and-hematological-status-of-205-dairy-calves-born-to-eutocic-dams
#20
L Kovács, F L Kézér, E Albert, F Ruff, O Szenci
In this study, we used linear mixed models to determine the effects of season, time of sampling relative to birth (factors), duration of the delivery process, duration of maternal grooming, calf body weight (BW) at birth, and time of day (covariates) on values of venous blood gas, acid-base and electrolyte parameters, and l-lactate concentrations in dairy calves born to eutocic dams in summer (SUM, n = 101) and winter (WIN, n = 104). Neonatal vitality was assessed at 0, 1, and 24 h after delivery in a linear scoring system using muscle tone, erection of the head, muscle reflexes, heart rate, and sucking drive as criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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