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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437307/blood-sampling-in-newborns-a-systematic-review-of-youtube-videos
#1
Mariana Bueno, Érika Tihemi Nishi, Taine Costa, Laís Machado Freire, Denise Harrison
Objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of YouTube videos showing neonatal blood sampling, and to evaluate pain management and comforting interventions used. Selected videos were consumer- or professional-produced videos showing human newborns undergoing heel lancing or venipuncture for blood sampling, videos showing the entire blood sampling procedure (from the first attempt or puncture to the time of application of a cotton ball or bandage), publication date prior to October 2014, Portuguese titles, available audio...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419012/a-novel-needle-free-blood-draw-device-for-sample-collection-from-short-peripheral-catheters
#2
Caprice Cadacio, Irving Nachamkin
A new US Food and Drug Administration-cleared needleless blood collection device (PIVO; Velano Vascular, San Francisco, CA) for short peripheral catheters was compared with conventional venipuncture for collecting blood samples for routine laboratory analysis from adult healthy volunteers. The PIVO device was comparable with venipuncture in terms of providing high-integrity samples (no hemolysis or clotting), equivalent laboratory values, and better patient experience as assessed by pain scores. Further studies to assess the overall utility of the PIVO device are warranted...
May 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419011/establishing-a-dedicated-difficult-vascular-access-team-in-the-emergency-department-a-needs-assessment
#3
Madeleine Whalen, Barbara Maliszewski, Diana-Lyn Baptiste
Peripheral vascular access is one of the most common procedures performed in emergency departments across the United States. Successful venipuncture is critical in providing timely diagnosis and treatments for patients. The aim of this article is to describe a needs assessment performed in a level-one academic emergency department to establish the need for a dedicated team for patients with difficult vascular access. Results from this assessment suggest that difficult vascular access represents tangible threats to patient safety and increased use of resources...
May 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416783/predictive-and-prognostic-role-of-mean-platelet-volume-in-patients-with-first-ever-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
Ugur Lok, Umut Gulacti, Burcu Ekmekci, Taner Bulut, Murat Celik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate any possible effects of mean platelet volume (MPV) on short-term stroke prognosis and functional outcome in patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke (FEAIS). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 798 FEAIS patients admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Adiyaman, Turkey between January 2013 and June 2015. The data were evaluated according to whether alive or dead, MPV levels, modified Rankin scale (MRS) scores, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413740/relationship-of-the-median-and-radial-nerves-at-the-elbow-application-to-avoiding-injury-during-venipuncture-or-other-invasive-procedures-of-the-cubital-fossa
#5
Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, Juan P Sardi, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The median and radial nerves are two important neural structures found in the cubital fossa. The trajectory and landmarks used to identify their location are important when procedures are done in this area. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten fresh-frozen cadavers were dissected (20 upper limbs) and measurements were taken from the medial epicondyle to the median and radial nerves as well as to the lateral epicondyle of each limb. RESULTS: The distance between the medial epicondyle and the median nerve was found to be three centimeters with a range of 2...
March 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403292/semiotics-and-semiology-of-nursing-evaluation-of-undergraduate-students-knowledge-on-procedures
#6
Gabriela de Sousa Martins Melo, Manuela Pinto Tibúrcio, Camylla Cavalcante Soares de Freitas, Quinídia Lúcia Duarte de Almeida Quithé de Vasconcelos, Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres
OBJECTIVE: to assess the knowledge of scholars on Nursing regarding simple hands hygiene (SHH), blood pressure measurement (BP), peripheral venipuncture (PV) with venous catheter and male urethral catheterization delay (UCD) procedures. METHOD: quantitative study carried out between February and May 2014, with 186 undergraduate Nursing students from 5th to 9th period of a public university of Rio Grande do Norte, with application of four questionnaires. One carried out descriptive and analytic analysis...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394005/-buddy-wire-for-facilitation-of-femoral-venous-access-for-cryoablation-a-preliminary-report
#7
Aleksander Maciąg, Michał Farkowski, Jan Ciszewski, Mariusz Pytkowski, Hanna Szwed
BACKGROUND: Some electrophysiological techniques, such as balloon cryoablation, involve the use of steerable sheaths of large diameter (outer diameter 15Fr or more). Their introduction to the femoral vein may be difficult, especially in patients who have had numerous venipunctures in this area. The authors describe a modification of typical venous access with the use of a "buddy wire" technique, facilitating the insertion of the cryoablation sheaths to the femoral vein. METHODS: A case-control study...
April 10, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393502/-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-savings-comfort-many-advantages
#8
A Y Molina Caballero, M Martínez Merino, A Pérez Martínez, L Ayuso González, S Hernández Martín, J Pisón Chacón
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters are indicated when an intravenous treatment is expected for more than 6 days or less if phlebotoxic medication is used. We report our recent experience. METHODS: Retrospective study from 2014 to 2015 including patients to whom a catheter was placed either, in the operating room after surgery and before awakening the patient, or in the Pediatric ICU by direct or ultrasound guidance venipuncture. We reviewed patient characteristics, underlying disease, line catheterization procedure, type and duration of venous line, intravenous treatment and complications...
July 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382590/elevated-syndecan-1-levels-in-the-sera-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-correlate-with-tumor-size
#9
Zahra Malek-Hosseini, Sina Jelodar, Abdolrasoul Talei, Abbas Ghaderi, Mehrnoosh Doroudchi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer in Iranian women and affects them at least one decade younger than their counterparts in developed countries. Breast tumor progression and metastasis is accompanied by a decrease in the membranous expression of Syndecan-1 and an increase in its shedding. We measured the level of soluble Syndecan-1 in the sera of Iranian patients with breast cancer. METHODS: The study population included 61 chemotherapy-naïve breast cancer patients and 30 age/sex-matched healthy individuals...
April 5, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378139/efficacy-of-flippits-to-reduce-pain-in-children-during-venipuncture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Larishisha Risaw, Kavita Narang, J S Thakur, Sandhya Ghai, Sukhwinder Kaur, Bhavneet Bharti
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of distraction by flippits/distraction cards in relieving pain associated with pediatric venipuncture process in young children. METHODS: This study was a prospective, non-blinded, randomized controlled trial. The sample consisted of 210 children aged 4 to 6 y undergoing phlebotomy in the sampling room of the Advanced Pediatric Center outpatient department and were randomly assigned to control and intervention groups. Latter were exposed to distraction using flippits/distraction cards during the procedure...
April 5, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366544/evaluation-of-dried-blood-spot-protocols-with-the-bio-rad-gs-hiv-combo-ag-ab-eia-and-geenius%C3%A2-hiv-1-2-supplemental-assay
#11
Wei Luo, Geoff Davis, LiXia Li, M Kathleen Shriver, Joanne Mei, Linda M Styer, Monica M Parker, Amanda Smith, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Steve Ethridge, Laura Wesolowski, S Michele Owen, Silvina Masciotra
OBJECTIVE: FDA-approved antigen/antibody combo and HIV-1/2 differentiation supplemental tests do not have claims for dried blood spot (DBS) use. We compared two DBS-modified protocols, the Bio-Rad GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab (BRC) EIA and Geenius™ HIV-1/2 (Geenius) Supplemental Assay, to plasma protocols and evaluated them in the CDC/APHL HIV diagnostic algorithm. METHODS: BRC-DBS p24 analytical sensitivity was calculated from serial dilutions of p24. DBS specimens included 11 HIV-1 seroconverters, 151 HIV-1-positive individuals, including 20 on antiretroviral therapy, 31 HIV-2-positive and one HIV-1/HIV-2-positive individuals...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363080/hematology-and-plasma-chemistry-of-the-ploughshare-tortoise-astrochelys-yniphora-in-a-captive-breeding-program
#12
Javier López, Michael Waters, Andrew Routh, Tsanta F Rakotonanahary, Lance Woolaver, Ann Thomasson, Emma Holmes, Hanspeter W Steinmetz
Blood samples from 172 captive and 40 wild, healthy, juvenile and adult, ploughshare tortoises ( Astrochelys yniphora ) were analyzed to determine hematological and biochemical reference intervals. Hematological analytes included packed cell volume (PCV), white blood cell count (WBC), and WBC differential estimates. Biochemical analysis included total protein measured by photometry (TP) and by refractometry (TPr), albumin (ALB), creatine kinase (CK), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH), bile acids (BA), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), urea (UREA), and uric acid (UA)...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362683/thrombin-generation-profiles-as-predictors-of-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-after-trauma-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Myung S Park, Grant M Spears, Kent R Bailey, Ailing Xue, Michael J Ferrara, Amy Headlee, Sabtir K Dhillon, Donald H Jenkins, Scott P Zietlow, William S Harmsen, Aneel A Ashrani, John A Heit
BACKGROUND: Reliable biomarkers predictive of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after acute trauma are uncertain. The objective of the study was to identify risk factors for symptomatic VTE after trauma, including individual plasma coagulome characteristics as reflected by thrombin generation. METHODS: In a prospective, case-cohort study, trauma patients were enrolled over the 4.5 year period, 2011-2015. Blood was collected by venipuncture into 3.2% trisodium citrate at 0, 6, 12, 24 and 72 hours after injury, and at hospital discharge...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346843/analgesic-effect-of-maternal-human-milk-odor-on-premature-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Audrey Baudesson de Chanville, Véronique Brevaut-Malaty, Aurélie Garbi, Barthelemy Tosello, Karine Baumstarck, Catherine Gire
BACKGROUND: Two studies have demonstrated an analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates, without specifying the method of olfactory stimulation. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates by using a standardized method of olfactory stimulation. METHODS: This trial was prospective, randomized, controlled, double blinded, and centrally administered. The inclusion criteria for breastfed infants included being born between 30 and 36 weeks + 6 days gestational age and being less than 10 days postnatal age...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318077/the-effectiveness-of-familiar-auditory-stimulus-on-hospitalized-neonates-physiologic-responses-to-procedural-pain
#15
Elham Azarmnejad, Forogh Sarhangi, Mahrooz Javadi, Nahid Rejeh, Susan Amirsalari, Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Hospitalized neonates usually undergo different painful procedures. This study sought to test the effects of a familiar auditory stimulus on the physiologic responses to pain of venipuncture among neonates in intensive care unit. The study design is quasi-experimental. The randomized clinical trial study was done on 60 full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 20 to June 20, 2014. The neonates were conveniently selected and randomly allocated to the control and the experimental groups...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315653/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#16
Valerie Head, David Eshar, Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293432/diabetic-retinopathy-and-oct-angiography-clinical-findings-and-future-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Jose Mauricio Botto de Barros Garcia, David Leonardo Cruvinel Isaac, Marcos Avila
In diabetic retinopathy (DR), macular involvement can present as either macular edema or ischemia. Fluorescein angiography remains the gold standard in the evaluation of retinal vascular perfusion and diagnosis of macular ischemia. However, it is a costly, time-consuming technique, it requires venipuncture, and reports of anaphylaxis and death related to fluorescein injections have been documented, despite their rarity. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a fast and non-invasive method to assess retinal structures at a microscopic level...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277157/interactive-associations-of-physical-activity-adiposity-and-oral-contraceptive-use-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-young-women
#18
Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Simon Higgins, Bhibha M Das, Ronald L Forehand, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most frequently used type of birth control among young women. OC-users have higher C-reactive protein (CRP) values, an indicator of systemic inflammation, than do non-OC-users. In addition, adiposity (percent fat) is positively associated with CRP, and physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with CRP. The present study determined the interactive associations of PA, percent fat, and OC-use with CRP. Data were collected during 2012-2015 at the University of Georgia. Objective PA was measured via pedometers...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275303/high-levels-of-serum-platelet-derived-growth-factor-aa-and-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-are-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#19
Hong-Da Pan, Yi-Fan Peng, Gang Xiao, Jin Gu
AIM: To develop predictive markers in blood for colorectal cancer liver metastasis. METHODS: Twenty colorectal cancer patients were selected and divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients whose pathological TNM stage was IIIC (T3-4N2M0), while another 10 patients with synchronous liver metastasis (TNM stage IV) were recruited for group B. During the surgical procedure, a 10-mL drainage vein (DV) blood sample was obtained from the DV of the tumor-bearing segment prior to the ligation of the DV...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266238/pre-analytical-phase-management-a-review-of-the-procedures-from-patient-preparation-to-laboratory-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Gabriel Lima-Oliveira, Waldemar Volanski, Giuseppe Lippi, Geraldo Picheth, Gian Cesare Guidi
The pre-analytical phase encompasses all the procedures before the start of laboratory testing. This phase of the testing process is responsible for the majority of the laboratory errors, since the related procedures involve many sorts of non-laboratory professionals working outside the laboratory setting, thus without direct supervision by the laboratory staff. Therefore, either correct organization or management of both personnel and procedures that regard blood specimen collection by venipuncture are of fundamental importance, since the various steps for performing blood collection represent per se sources of laboratory variability...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
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