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Venipuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774166/hemostatic-state-augmented-with-platelet-indices-among-sudanese-diabetic-septic-foot
#1
Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Mohamed Salih Ali
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a very rampant metabolic disorder, particularly type II. It has many complications such as the septic foot. Diabetic septic foot (DSF) patients are at high risk for coagulation abnormalities as well as surgical hazards. Owing to the potential sequelae of coagulation and vascular abnormalities, this work aimed at studying the hemostatic state and platelet indices in diabetes type II patients with septic foot. Methods: A case-control study was conducted during the period from July to September 2017 at Dr...
2018: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766266/-syncope-and-fitness-to-drive
#2
REVIEW
Hermann H Klein
Although medical students are rarely instructed in traffic medicine in Germany, they are obliged to inform their patients about their fitness to drive after having become a medical doctor. This article gives an overview on the fitness to drive for patients with syncope by referring to the driving license regulation and the current guidelines released by the department of traffic. The driving license regulation distinguishes between group 1 and group 2 drivers. Group 1 drivers drive vehicles with a total weight less than 3...
May 15, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743667/evaluation-of-pre-analytical-factors-affecting-plasma-dna-analysis
#3
Havell Markus, Tania Contente-Cuomo, Maria Farooq, Winnie S Liang, Mitesh J Borad, Shivan Sivakumar, Simon Gollins, Nhan L Tran, Harshil D Dhruv, Michael E Berens, Alan Bryce, Aleksandar Sekulic, Antoni Ribas, Jeffrey M Trent, Patricia M LoRusso, Muhammed Murtaza
Pre-analytical factors can significantly affect circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) analysis. However, there are few robust methods to rapidly assess sample quality and the impact of pre-analytical processing. To address this gap and to evaluate effects of DNA extraction methods and blood collection tubes on cfDNA yield and fragment size, we developed a multiplexed droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay with 5 short and 4 long amplicons targeting single copy genomic loci. Using this assay, we compared 7 cfDNA extraction kits and found cfDNA yield and fragment size vary significantly...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741463/influence-of-needle-gauge-used-for-venipuncture-on-measures-of-hemostasis-in-cats
#4
Susanna Solbak, Steven E Epstein, Kate Hopper
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different needle sizes used to obtain blood via jugular venipuncture in cats on routine measures of hemostasis. Methods This was a prospective, observational, randomized, clinical study carried out at a university teaching hospital. Twenty healthy, client-owned cats were used. Results Each cat had blood collected via direct venipuncture from both jugular veins. Sampling of the right and left jugular vein was randomized to be collected with either a 22 G or a 25 G needle, respectively, and routine coagulation variables and platelet count were performed on all samples...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739118/investigation-of-iron-metabolism-for-regulating-megakaryopoiesis-and-platelet-count-according-to-the-mechanisms-of-anemia
#5
Suekyeung Kim, Sun Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is characterized by depletion of total body iron stores or a poor supply of plasma iron. By contrast, chronic inflammation makes iron unavailable for hematopoiesis through a cytokinemediated cascade and leads to a condition known as anemia of chronic disease (AOC). However, the laboratory data regarding the regulatory role of iron metabolism on platelet count has not been fully discussed yet. In this study, we investigated the relationship between iron status and platelet production according to different anemic mechanisms representing different iron metabolisms...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728296/efficacy-of-non-pharmacological-methods-of-pain-management-in-children-undergoing-venipuncture-in-a-pediatric-outpatient-clinic-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-audiovisual-distraction-and-external-cold-and-vibration
#6
Piera Bergomi, Luigia Scudeller, Serena Pintaldi, Alberto Dal Molin
PURPOSE: Venipuncture generates anxiety and pain in children. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate two non-pharmacological techniques, vibration combined with cryotherapeutic topical analgesia by means of the Buzzy® device and animated cartoons, in terms of pain and anxiety relief during venipuncture in children. DESIGNS AND METHODS: 150 children undergoing venipuncture were randomized into four groups: the 'no method' group, the Buzzy® device group, the animated cartoon group and the combination of Buzzy® and an animated cartoon group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727302/acute-procedural-pain-in-children-intervention-with-the-hospital-clown
#7
Helle Nygård Kristensen, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Helle Haslund-Thomsen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalized children often describe needle-related procedures as the worst pain possible and such procedures may be emotionally traumatic. The use of hospital clowns related to painful medical procedures in children may offer pain relief, but this has not been systematically evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a therapeutic clown in comparison to standard care on the experience of pain for children receiving venipuncture. METHODS: A sample of 116 children aged 4-15 years consecutively admitted to the hospital was allocated to either the experimental (presence of hospital clown) or control group (standard care) prior to venipuncture...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715597/a-systematic-review-of-game-technologies-for-pediatric-patients
#8
REVIEW
Sandra Jurdi, Jorge Montaner, Fernando Garcia-Sanjuan, Javier Jaen, Vicente Nacher
Children in hospital are subjected to multiple negative stimuli that may hinder their development and social interactions. Although game technologies are thought to improve children's experience in hospital, there is a lack of information on how they can be used effectively. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on the existing approaches in this context to identify gaps for future research. A total of 1305 studies were identified, of which 75 were thoroughly analyzed according to our review protocol...
April 25, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713356/sudden-unexpected-cardio-respiratory-arrest-after-venipuncture-in-children
#9
Goun Jeong, Son Moon Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Min Ahn
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and socioenvironmental characteristics of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest after venipuncture in children. Methods: We conducted a retrospective email-based survey of all members of the Korean Pediatric Society. The questionnaire included items on patient demographics, socioenvironmental circumstances of the venipuncture, type of cardiorespiratory arrest, symptoms and signs, treatment, prognosis, and presumed cause of the arrest...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713227/two-small-intravenous-catheters-for-high-rate-contrast-medium-injection-for-computed-tomography-in-patients-lacking-superficial-veins-to-accommodate-a-large-catheter
#10
Bum Gu Son, Min Jung Kim, Myeung Hwa Park, Kyoungsook Kim, Jiyu Kim, Se-Young Kim, Kyung Jin Lee, Sang Hyun Choi, Ah Young Kim, Seong Ho Park
Objective: To prospectively investigate the feasibility of using 2 small intravenous catheters for high-rate computed tomography (CT) contrast injection in patients lacking superficial veins capable of accommodating ≤ 20-gauge catheters. Materials and Methods: Sixty-eight consecutive eligible adults referred for dynamic liver CT were enrolled; 58 had previously undergone liver CT, including 8 that experienced extravasation. Two 22- or 24-gauge catheters were placed in all patients after 2-5 venipunctures, and 2 mL/kg of contrast agent (370 mg I/mL) was split-administered through both catheters to achieve total flow rate of 4 mL/s...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710682/comparative-evaluation-of-plateletworks-multiplate-analyzer-and-platelet-function-analyzer-200-in-cardiology-patients
#11
Jeeyong Kim, Chi Hyun Cho, Bo Kyeung Jung, Jeonghun Nam, Hong Seog Seo, Sehyun Shin, Chae Seung Lim
The objective of this study was to comparatively evaluate three commercial whole-blood platelet function analyzer systems: Platelet Function Analyzer-200 (PFA; Siemens Canada, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada), Multiplate analyzer (MP; Roche Diagnostics International Ltd., Rotkreuz, Switzerland), and Plateletworks Combo-25 kit (PLW; Helena Laboratories, Beaumont, TX, USA). Venipuncture was performed on 160 patients who visited a department of cardiology. Pairwise agreement among the three platelet function assays was assessed using Cohen's kappa coefficient and percent agreement within the reference limit...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689520/brachiocephalic-a-v-fistula-through-the-median-cubital-vein-a-reliable-option-to-failure-of-forearm-fistulas-a-case-report-from-chu-yaound%C3%A3
#12
Marc Leroy Guifo, Denis Georges Teuwafeu, Motto Georges Bwelle, Guy Aristide Bang, Mefiré Alain Chichom, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Arthur Georges Essomba
INTRODUCTION: Renal replacement therapy in end-stage kidney disease relies on dialysis in low-income countries. This maintenance treatment needs a reliable vascular access and is done through central venous catheter or creation of A-V fistulas. Several types of A-V fistulas can be done but due to some individual conditions, those possibilities may be exhausted rapidly. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31 year old female was diagnosed with an end stage renal disease for which she was prescribed maintenance dialysis...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687673/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-measures-for-reducing-pain-and-fear-in-children-during-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department-a-vibrating-cold-devices-versus-distraction
#13
Noelia García-Aracil, Juan Diego Ramos-Pichardo, María Elena Castejón-de la Encina, Lourdes José-Alcaide, Rocío Juliá-Sanchís, Ángela Sanjuan-Quiles
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a physical method of managing pain and fear in children and anxiety in the accompanying adult during venous puncture in the emergency department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental study of 3 groups: one group used a combination of directed distraction by means of a vibration device with ice pack, a second group received only distraction, and no strategy was used in the third. RESULTS: Pain and adult anxiety were similar in the 2 groups in which a pain management strategy was applied...
June 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674187/lower-maternal-serum-tumor-necrosis-factor-related-apoptosis-inducing-ligand-trail-levels-in-early-preeclampsia-a-retrospective-study
#14
Danila Morano, Alessandro Rolfo, Veronica Tisato, Antonio Farina, Erika Rimondi, Gennaro Scutiero, Pantaleo Greco, Gloria Bonaccorsi, Tullia Todros
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a cytokine with anti-inflammatory activity, also involved in cardiovascular morbidity, differ between women with early preeclampsia (<34 weeks) and those with uncomplicated pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: This nested case control study included 40 women carrying a single fetus with an uncomplicated pregnancy and 20 women with early preeclampsia (<34 weeks)...
February 7, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666561/comparison-of-barricor%C3%A2-vs-lithium-heparin-tubes-for-selected-routine-biochemical-analytes-and-evaluation-of-post-centrifugation-stability
#15
Anne Marie Dupuy, Stéphanie Badiou, Delphine Daubin, Anne Sophie Bargnoux, Chloé Magnan, Kadda Klouche, Jean Paul Cristol
Introduction: Obtaining suitable results unaffected by pre- or postanalytical phases is pivotal for clinical chemistry service. We aimed comparison and stability of nine biochemical analytes after centrifugation using Barricor™ plasma tubes with mechanical separator vs standard Vacutainer® lithium heparin tubes. Materials and methods: We collected samples on six healthy volunteers and nine patients from intensive care units into 6 mL plastic Vacutainer® lithium heparin tubes and 5...
June 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666554/effect-of-different-pre-analytical-conditions-on-plasma-lactate-concentration
#16
Ivana Rako, Ana Mlinaric, Monika Dozelencic, Gordana Fressl Juros, Dunja Rogic
Introduction: Plasma lactate is a frequently used and important parameter for medical decision making. To setup a pre-analytical algorithm, we aimed to investigate the influence of different test tube additives, aliquoting, ice storage and haemolysis on plasma lactate concentrations for possible sparing critically ill (ICU) patients of additional blood drawing. Materials and methods: In our study (N = 177), lactate concentration and haemolysis index (HI) were measured in aliquoted (AHP) and unaliquoted (HP) Li-heparin, NaF/K3 EDTA and NaF/KOX plasma, centrifuged within 15 minutes after venipuncture, on Cobas c501 analyzer...
June 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655373/the-risk-of-adverse-events-related-to-extended-dwell-peripheral-intravenous-access
#17
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Pietro Antonio Zerla, Gianvito Corona, Tiziana Correggia, Baudolino Mussa, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
Midline catheters (MCs) may be useful to avoid repeated venipuncture in patients requiring prolonged intravenous infusions with limited adverse events (AEs). We analyzed 2 Italian hospital databases to ascertain the safety of MCs. Among 1,538 adult patients, 154 MC-related AEs (10%; 2.49 AEs per 1,000 MC days) were reported.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625795/the-venous-patterns-of-the-cubital-fossa-in-subjects-from-brazil
#18
L Pires, A L Ráfare, B U Peixoto, T O J S Pereira, D M M Pinheiro, M E B Siqueira, R D Vaqueiro, R C de Paula, M A Babinski, C A A Chagas
Venous punctures are among the most common procedures performed by healthcare professionals. In particular, the cubital fossa is the site where the venous accesses are frequently made due to the number of superficial veins and the numerous anastomoses in this region. The arrangement of these venous connections is of particular interest for clinical application in several areas, thus, the healthcare professional must possess knowledge about these vessels and their anatomical relationships. The present study aims to analyze the venous pattern of the cubital fossa among individuals from Brazil...
April 3, 2018: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605312/effect-of-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-administration-2-days-after-insemination-on-progesterone-concentration-and-pregnancy-per-artificial-insemination-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#19
J M Sánchez, F Randi, C Passaro, D J Mathew, S T Butler, P Lonergan
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a single administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) during the establishment of the corpus luteum (CL) on progesterone (P4) concentration and pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in lactating dairy cows. Postpartum spring-calving lactating dairy cows (n = 800; mean ± SD days in milk and parity were 78.5 ± 16.7 and 2.3 ± 0.8, respectively) on 3 farms were enrolled on the study. All cows underwent the same fixed-time AI (FTAI) protocol involving a 7-d progesterone-releasing intravaginal device with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) administration at device insertion, prostaglandin at device removal followed by GnRH 56 h later, and AI 16 h after the second GnRH injection...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582679/does-the-real-time-ultrasound-guidance-provide-safer-venipuncture-in-implantable-venous-port-implantation
#20
İlknur Yıldırım, Ayşe Çiğdem Tütüncü, Süleyman Bademler, İlker Özgür, Mukaddes Demiray, Hasan Karanlık
AIM: To examine whether the real-time ultrasound-guided venipuncture for implantable venous port placement is safer than the traditional venipuncture. METHODS: The study analyzed the results of 2153 venous ports placed consecutively from January 2009 to January 2016. A total of 922 patients in group 1 and 1231 patients in group 2 were admitted with venous port placed using the traditional landmark subclavian approach and real-time ultrasound-guided axillary approach, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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