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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166202/the-effectiveness-of-distraction-cartoon-patterned-clothes-and-bubble-blowing-on-pain-and-anxiety-in-preschool-children-during-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Made Pande Lilik Lestari, Dessie Wanda, Happy Hayati
In preschool children, venipuncture is considered a bodily threat that can cause pain and anxiety, as well as being a traumatic experience. If the pain and anxiety felt by a child during a venipuncture is not addressed properly, it can result in a traumatic experience, and traumatic events in childhood can have long-term consequences. Atraumatic treatment in the emergency department has been little explored in previous research; therefore, the present study assessed the effectiveness of using the distractions of cartoon-patterned clothes and bubble-blowing on the pain and anxiety of preschool children during venipuncture in the emergency department...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162168/immune-and-neuroendocrine-correlates-of-temperament-in-infancy
#2
Thomas G O'Connor, Kristin Scheible, Ana Vallejo Sefair, Michelle Gilchrist, Emma Robertson Blackmore, Marcia A Winter, Megan R Gunnar, Claire Wyman, Jennifer Carnahan, Jan A Moynihan, Mary T Caserta
There is now a clear focus on incorporating, and integrating, multiple levels of analysis in developmental science. The current study adds to research in this area by including markers of the immune and neuroendocrine systems in a longitudinal study of temperament in infants. Observational and parent-reported ratings of infant temperament, serum markers of the innate immune system, and cortisol reactivity from repeated salivary collections were examined in a sample of 123 infants who were assessed at 6 months and again when they were, on average, 17 months old...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#3
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155488/effectiveness-of-a-virtual-reality-intervention-to-minimize-pediatric-stress-and-pain-intensity-during-venipuncture
#4
Joanna Piskorz, Marcin Czub
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) technology is an effective tool in treatment of acute pain. Numerous studies show the effectiveness of this method both in a clinical context and in the laboratory. However, research results on the effectiveness of VR in pediatric venipuncture pain is not conclusive-not all studies report the analgesic effect of VR. In addition to testing effectiveness of VR, we also assess the usability of a novel hands-free interface. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients of paediatric nephrology clinic (N = 38; mean age 11 years, range 7-17) participated in a posttest only between group quasi-experimental study...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153919/patient-and-health-care-provider-responses-from-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-vapocoolant-spray-versus-placebo-spray-in-adults-undergoing-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Tracy Barbour, Sharon O'Keefe, Sharon E Mace
Painful medical procedures are common. Topical anesthetics are easily applied, rapid onset, inexpensive, and avoid injection pain and needlestick injury. The aims of this study, using patient and health care provider questionnaires, were to answer the following questions: (1) Does vapocoolant spray decrease venipuncture pain? (2) Would patients be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? (3) Would providers be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? Adults (18-80 years) in a hospital emergency department (ED) were randomly assigned to sterile water placebo spray (S) (N = 50) or vapocoolant spray (V) (N = 50) before venipuncture...
November 16, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150862/randomised-crossover-trial-showed-that-using-breast-milk-or-sucrose-provided-the-same-analgesic-effect-in-preterm-infants-of-at-least-28-weeks
#6
L Collados-Gómez, P Ferrera-Camacho, E Fernandez-Serrano, V Camacho-Vicente, C Flores-Herrero, A M García-Pozo, R Jiménez-García
AIM: Repeated, on-going exposure to pain influences the growth, cognitive and motor functions, behaviour, personality and neurodevelopment of preterm infants. We compared the analgesic effects of expressed breast milk and 24% oral sucrose on preterm neonates during venipuncture. METHODS: This multicentre randomised, non-inferiority, cross-over trial focused on five neonatal university units in Madrid, Spain, from October 2013 to October 2014. It comprised 66 preterm infants born at less than 37 weeks and randomly split into two groups...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150028/-a-series-of-20-cases-of-endogenous-endophthalmitis
#7
T Petit, L Mahieu, C Tolou, S Hamid, V Pagot-Mathis, G Martin-Blondel, V Soler
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case series was to evaluate both the visual and systemic prognosis of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reported a series of 20 cases of endogenous endophthalmitis occurring between 2012 and 2015 at the university medical center in Toulouse. RESULTS: The mean age was 67 (±43.3) years with a male predominance (n=11). The site of entry was found in 14 cases (87.5%). In 11 cases (69%), the causative agent was a bacterium; a fungal infection was found in five cases...
November 14, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148002/targeting-zero-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#8
Daniele G Biasucci, Mauro Pittiruti, Alessandra Taddei, Enzo Picconi, Alessandro Pizza, Davide Celentano, Marco Piastra, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Giorgio Conti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a new three-component 'bundle' for insertion and management of centrally inserted central catheters (CICCs), designed to minimize catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in critically ill children. METHODS: Our 'bundle' has three components: insertion, management, and education. Insertion and management recommendations include: skin antisepsis with 2% chlorhexidine; maximal barrier precautions; ultrasound-guided venipuncture; tunneling of the catheter when a long indwelling time is expected; glue on the exit site; sutureless securement; use of transparent dressing; chlorhexidine sponge dressing on the 7th day; neutral displacement needle-free connectors...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140886/safety-of-venipuncture-sites-at-the-cubital-fossa-as-assessed-by-ultrasonography
#9
Kanae Mukai, Yukari Nakajima, Tomotaka Nakano, Manami Okuhira, Aya Kasashima, Rina Hayashi, Misaki Yamashita, Tamae Urai, Toshio Nakatani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present observational study was to identify safe and suitable venipuncture sites for nursing in the clinical setting using ultrasonography to measure the depth and cross-sectional area of each superficial vein before and after tourniquet application as well as the distance between each superficial vein and the median nerve or brachial artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty healthy volunteers (21.8 [0.6] y) were recruited. The visible rate of each superficial vein before and after tourniquet application was 65% for the basilic vein, 90% to 95% for the median cubital vein, and 65% to 80% for the cephalic vein...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133232/embryological-and-comparative-description-of-the-cephalic-vein-joining-the-external-jugular-vein-a-case-report
#10
R C Araújo, L A S Pires, M L Andrade, M C Perez, C S L Filho, M A Babinski
The cephalic vein arises from the radial end of the dorsal venous arch. It turns around the radial border of the forearm and passes proximally along the arm to the shoulder, where it enters the axillary vein by penetrating the clavipectoral triangle. The cephalic vein is prone to vary at the antecubital fossa, where it forms numerous anastomoses. A male cadaver fixated with a 10% formalin solution was dissected during regular anatomy lessons. It was found that the cephalic vein crossed the upper third of the arm between two fasciculi of the deltoid muscle and reached the shoulder, where it passed above the acromion and crossed the posterior border of the clavicle in order to join the external jugular vein...
November 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132876/the-distraction-in-action-tool%C3%A2-feasibility-and-usability-in-clinical-settings
#11
Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ben J Miller, Heather Davis, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Distraction is a relatively simple, evidence-based intervention to minimize child distress during medical procedures. Timely on-site interventions that instruct parents on distraction coaching are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and usability of the Distraction in Action Tool© (DAT©), which 1) predicts child risk for distress with a needle stick and 2) provides individualized instructions for parents on how to be a distraction coach for their child in clinical settings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132242/relationship-between-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-transient-tachypnea-of-the-newborn-in-late-preterm-early-term-and-term-infants
#12
Sinan Kayıran, Seçil Erçin, Petek Kayıran, Tugba Gursoy, Berkan Gurakan
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the association between thyroid hormone levels and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) among late-preterm, early-term, and term infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the current retrospective study, neonates admitted to the NICU due to TTN were assigned to the TTN group (n = 404). Healthy neonates who were followed up in the well-baby nursery comprised the control group (n = 7335)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122269/the-effect-of-self-selected-soothing-music-on-fistula-puncture-related-pain-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Hosniyeh Shabandokht-Zarmi, Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Seyed Afshin Shorofi, Seyed Nouraddin Mousavinasab
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to examine the effect of selective soothing music on fistula puncture-related pain in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial in which 114 participants were selected from two hemodialysis units by means of a non-random, convenience sampling method. The participants were then allocated in three groups of music (N = 38), headphone (N = 38), and control (N = 38). The fistula puncture-related pain was measured 1 min after venipuncture procedure in all three groups...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118586/successful-surgical-resection-of-iatrogenic-antecubital-venous-pseudoaneurysm-following-venipuncture-a-2-case-report
#14
Yosuke Niimi, Takashi Yamaki, Kejiro Hori, Miho Kirita, Yoji Nagashima, Hiroyuki Sakurai
Iatrogenic venous pseudoaneurysm (VP) formation after venipuncture is rare. This report showed 2 cases of VP following venipuncture, and VPs were resected surgically. A 58-year-old woman and a 56-year-old woman developed a soft antecubital mass after blood sampling from the basilic veins. One patient had the sensory disturbance of forearm. The mass was diagnosed as a VP with thrombus by duplex ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. The aneurysm was resected completely, and the sensory disturbance of the patient was improved...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113218/chest-wall-parallel-vs-conventional-subclavian-venous-catheterization-in-cancer-chemotherapy-a-comparison-of-complication-rates
#15
Libo Li, Hang Li, Linli Xu, Lei Song
The incidence of complications such as pneumothorax and hematoma between the chest wall-parallel and conventional subclavian venous catheterization in cancer chemotherapy was compared. From December 2011 to March 2016, a total of 314 patients undergoing chemotherapy for cancer in the Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital were assigned to either the Chest Wall-parallel (n=155) or the conventional subclavian venous catheterization group (n=159) in order to observe the primary success rate for catheterization and to assess the incidence of complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, hematoma, and internal jugular venous injury...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108736/a-randomized-double-blind-trial-comparing-the-effect-on-pain-of-an-oral-sucrose-solution-vs-placebo-in-children-1-to-3%C3%A2-months-old-undergoing-simple-venipuncture
#16
Serge Gouin, Nathalie Gaucher, Denis Lebel, Marie Pier Desjardins
BACKGROUND: Few clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of oral sweet solutions for procedures in the emergency department (ED) have been published. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of an oral sucrose solution vs. a placebo in reducing pain in infants undergoing venipuncture without cannulation. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded clinical trial was conducted in a pediatric ED. Infants 1 to 3 months old were randomly allocated to receive 2 mL of 88% sucrose or 2 mL of placebo, 2 min prior to venipuncture...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108049/body-fat-of-stock-type-horses-predicted-by-rump-fat-thickness-and-deuterium-oxide-dilution-and-validated-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-of-dissected-tissues
#17
E N Ferjak, C A Cavinder, D D Burnett, C Mc Argo, T T N Dinh
Body condition score and percent body fat (BF; %) of horses are positively correlated with reproductive efficiency and are indicative of metabolic issues. However, BF in horses may be poorly predicted because current procedures are either subjective or dependent on one anatomical location. Therefore, the objectives of the current study were to compare 2 methods of predicting BF using rump fat thickness (RFT) and deuterium oxide (DO) dilution with actual tissue fat analysis by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in stock-type horses and to identify the relationship between BF and BCS...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099261/effect-of-blood-collection-by-the-push-pull-technique-from-an-indwelling-catheter-versus-direct-venipuncture-on-venous-blood-gas-values-before-and-after-administration-of-alfaxalone-or-propofol-in-dogs
#18
Ciara A Barr, Giacomo Gianotti, Carly E Graffeo, Kenneth J Drobatz, Deborah C Silverstein
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of blood collection by a push-pull technique from an indwelling IV catheter versus direct venipuncture on venous blood gas values before and after administration of alfaxalone or propofol to dogs. DESIGN Prospective randomized clinical study. ANIMALS 30 healthy client-owned dogs that weighed ≥ 10 kg (22 lb) and were anesthetized for elective surgical procedures. PROCEDURES All dogs were premedicated with methadone (0.5 mg/kg [0.2 mg/lb], IM), and 20 to 30 minutes later, anesthesia was induced with either alfaxalone (1 to 3 mg/kg [0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075862/concomitant-external-pneumatic-compression-treatment-with-consecutive-days-of-high-intensity-interval-training-reduces-markers-of-proteolysis
#19
Cody T Haun, Michael D Roberts, Matthew A Romero, Shelby C Osburn, James C Healy, Angelique N Moore, Christopher B Mobley, Paul A Roberson, Wesley C Kephart, Petey W Mumford, Michael D Goodlett, David D Pascoe, Jeffrey S Martin
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of external pneumatic compression (EPC) and sham when used concurrently with high intensity interval training (HIIT) on performance-related outcomes and recovery-related molecular measures. METHODS: Eighteen recreationally endurance-trained male participants (age: 21.6 ± 2.4 years, BMI: 25.7 ± 0.5 kg/m(2), VO2peak: 51.3 ± 0.9 mL/kg/min) were randomized to balanced sham and EPC treatment groups. Three consecutive days of HIIT followed by EPC/sham treatment (Days 2-4) and 3 consecutive days of recovery (Days 5-7) with EPC/sham only on Days 5-6 were employed...
December 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059005/a-hand-held-robotic-device-for-peripheral-intravenous-catheterization
#20
Zhuoqi Cheng, Brian L Davies, Darwin G Caldwell, Giacinto Barresi, Qinqi Xu, Leonardo S Mattos
Intravenous catheterization is frequently required for numerous medical treatments. However, this process is characterized by a high failure rate, especially when performed on difficult patients such as newborns and infants. Very young patients have small veins, and that increases the chances of accidentally puncturing the catheterization needle directly through them. In this article, we present the design, development and experimental evaluation of a novel hand-held robotic device for improving the process of peripheral intravenous catheterization by facilitating the needle insertion procedure...
October 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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