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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092610/effects-of-antioxidant-vitamins-a-d-e-and-trace-elements-cu-mn-se-zn-on-some-metabolic-and-reproductive-profiles-in-dairy-cows-during-transition-period
#1
A Omur, A Kirbas, E Aksu, F Kandemir, E Dorman, O Kaynar, O Ucar
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of some antioxidant vitamins and trace elements on some metabolic and postpartum reproductive profiles in dairy cows during transition period. In the study, altogether 20 clinically healthy Brown Swiss dairy cows (aged 4-5 years-old) under the same management and feeding conditions in periparturient period were used. The animals were divided into two equal groups: control (C) and treatment (T) group (n=10 for each group). Vitamins (A, D, E) and trace elements (Cu, Mn, Se, Zn) were administered intramuscularly into the cows of the T group, while isotonic saline, as placebo, was injected subcutaneously into those in the C group...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069521/validity-of-simplified-versus-standard-self-report-measures-of-pain-intensity-in-preschool-aged-children-undergoing-venipuncture
#2
Anthony Emmott, Nicholas West, Guohai Zhou, Dustin Dunsmuir, Carolyne J Montgomery, Gillian R Lauder, Carl L von Baeyer
: There is inadequate age-specific data to support the use of current self-report pain scales in 3- and 4-year-old children. Most preschool-aged children also lack the necessary cognitive development to use standard scales. We aimed to evaluate the validity and feasibility of two novel simplified scales (Simplified Faces Pain Scale, S-FPS; Simplified Concrete Ordinal Scale, S-COS) for preschool-aged children. These simplified scales used a two-step self-report method: children were first asked whether they have pain (yes/no); only if yes, then pain intensity was self-reported using a 3-point scale with visual aids signifying mild/moderate/severe...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068953/pregnant-human-peripheral-leukocyte-migration-during-several-late-pregnancy-clinical-conditions-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#3
Jun Takeda, Xin Fang, David M Olson
BACKGROUND: Parturition at term and preterm is characterized by sterile inflammatory processes occurring in the absence of infection whereby peripheral leukocytes infiltrate gestational tissues in response to chemotactic signals. In response to a homing signal, recruited leukocytes undergo diapedesis and extravasate through capillaries, migrating into stromal tissue. There they interact with resident immune and stromal cells to produce a mixture of matrix metalloproteinases, prostaglandins and cytokines including interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 that in turn transform the uterus from pregnancy to parturition...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051278/assessment-of-apoptosis-in-the-native-vein-used-for-hemodialysis-access
#4
Laura Leci-Tahiri, Božo Krušlin, Majda Vučić, Zdenko Sonicki, Ivo Lovričević
AIM: To determine whether apoptosis is more common in previously punctured native veins than in non-punctured native veins among patients who undergo surgical creation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for dialysis access. METHODS: Cephalic vein specimens were obtained from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 from 60 patients, 30 with previously punctured native veins and 30 with non-punctured native veins. Before AVF placement, a 1-cm vein segment was excised from distal part of the vein for histological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical analysis...
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044209/effects-of-low-level-laser-irradiation-on-human-blood-lymphocytes-in-vitro
#5
Mustafa S Al Musawi, M S Jaafar, B Al-Gailani, Naser M Ahmed, Fatanah M Suhaimi, Nursakinah Suardi
Low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) has various effects on cultured human lymphocytes in vitro, but little is known about such effects in whole blood. This study investigated whether LLLI affected lymphocyte count in human whole blood in vitro. A total number of 130 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy adult patients through venipuncture into tubes containing EDTA. Each sample was divided into two equal aliquots to be used as a non-irradiated control sample and an irradiated sample. The irradiated aliquot was subjected to laser wavelengths of 405, 589, and 780 nm with different fluences of 36, 54, 72, and 90 J/cm(2), at a fixed irradiance of 30 mW/cm(2)...
January 3, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038497/distraction-based-interventions-for-children-undergoing-venipuncture-procedures
#6
Hui-Chen Kuo, Hsiao-Hsien Pan, Debra K Creedy, Ying Tsao
Little is known about the effects of distraction techniques when undertaking medical procedures with hospitalized pediatric patients in Asian countries. This study examined the effects of distraction interventions on behavioral distress related to venipuncture procedures in Taiwanese children aged 3 to 7 years. Using concealed randomization, eligible children were allocated to receive a picture book ( n = 92), or animated cartoon ( n = 92) compared with routine oral instructions ( n = 92), when being injected with an intravenous cannula...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013559/key-factors-influencing-the-incidence-of-hemolysis-a-critical-appraisal-of-current-evidence
#7
Euan James McCaughey, Elia Vecellio, Rebecca Lake, Ling Li, Leslie Burnett, Douglas Chesher, Stephen Braye, Mark Mackay, Stephanie Gay, Tony Badrick, Johanna Westbrook, Andrew Georgiou
Hemolysis is a leading cause of pre-analytical laboratory errors. The identification of contributing factors is an important step towards the development of effective practices to reduce and prevent hemolysis. We performed a review of PUBMED, Embase, Medline and CINAHL to identify articles published between January 2000 and August 2016 that identified factors influencing in vitro hemolysis rates. The 40 studies included in this review provide excellent evidence that hemolysis rates are higher in Emergency Departments (EDs), for non-antecubital draws, for specimens drawn using an intravenous catheter compared to venipuncture and for samples transported by pneumatic tube compared to by hand...
December 26, 2016: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009047/longitudinal-monitoring-of-gene-expression-in-ultra-low-volume-blood-samples-self-collected-at-home
#8
Cate Speake, Elizabeth Whalen, Vivian H Gersuk, Damien Chaussabel, Jared M Odegard, Carla J Greenbaum
Blood transcriptional profiles could serve as biomarkers of clinical changes in subjects at-risk for or diagnosed with diabetes. However, transcriptional variation over time is poorly understood due to the impracticality of frequent longitudinal phlebotomy in large patient cohorts. We have developed a novel transcriptome assessment method that could be applied to fingerstick blood samples self-collected by study volunteers. 15 μL of blood from a fingerstick yielded sufficient RNA to analyze >176 transcripts by high-throughput quantitative PCR...
December 23, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008862/subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-children-may-lead-to-dyslipidemia-and-increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#9
Edip Ünal, Alper Akın, Ruken Yıldırım, Vasfiye Demir, İsmail Yıldız, Yusuf Kenan Haspolat
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined as elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level with normal range of free thyroxine (fT4). There are very few studies in the literature reporting on the effect of SH on lipid metabolism and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in children. METHODS: The study included 38 children diagnosed with SH and a control group comprising 38 healthy, euthyroid children. Subclinical hypothyroidism was diagnosed based on elevated TSH level (4...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006891/the-efficacy-of-nasal-tip-hold-press-on-venous-cannulation-pain-in-children-a-prospective-randomize-controlled-study
#10
Behzad Maghsoudi, Mehrdad Jookar, Hosein Haddad, Zahra Zoonobi, Mahnaz Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Venipuncture is a common and quiet unpleasant experience for pediatric patients. The pain associated with venous cannulation disturbs the children. Different methods have been used to minimize the pain. The present study evaluated the efficacy of holding and pressing the tip of the nose on the venipuncture pain in pediatric patients. METHODS: A prospective randomize controlled study carried out using the Visual analogue scale (YAS) for assessment cannulation pain and the Yale preoperative anxiety scale (YPAS) for the assessment of anxiety before cannulation...
December 22, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002930/the-effects-of-grazing-system-and-floor-type-on-blood-biochemistry-growth-body-condition-score-and-carcass-characteristics-of-nguni-goats
#11
Allen Tapiwa Chikwanda, Voster Muchenje
The study was conducted to determine the effects of grazing management (tethering vs herding) and floor type (earth vs slatted) on the concentrations of blood metabolites, activity of creatine kinase, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS) and carcass characteristics of castrated Nguni goats. Forty eight, 7 month old goats were randomly allocated to herding (H) and tethering (T) treatments and accommodated in pens with slatted (SF) and earth (EF) floors. The T and H treatments were imposed daily, for 5 months, between 0800- 1300 hours followed by penning...
December 17, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002328/chronic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-induced-by-left-atrial-thrombus-in-a-patient-with-giant-normal-heart-a-case-report
#12
Qianqian Shao, Ran Tian, Xu Zhang, Xin Gao, Jinzhi Lai, Zhuang Tian, Xiaowei Yan, Shuyang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: We herein describe a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) induced by a giant thrombus in the left atrium.A 63-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of extensive mucocutaneous hemorrhage, especially at the sites of venipuncture, on May 21, 2015. Considering her long history of rheumatic heart disease and atrial fibrillation and her mitral valve replacement performed several years previously, we strongly suspected that the bleeding was closely related to postoperative over-anticoagulation of warfarin...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997731/the-effect-of-inadequate-presample-blood-volume-withdrawal-from-intravenous-catheter-and-extension-sets-on-measured-circulating-l-blood-lactate-concentration-in-horses-receiving-lactated-ringer-s-solution
#13
F J Marqués, S Higgins, R Chapuis, C Waldner
BACKGROUND: Circulating l-lactate concentration is commonly measured in hospitalized horses by sampling from indwelling intravenous (IV) catheters. However, there are no published evidence-based recommendations to prevent contamination by lactated Ringer's solution (LRS). HYPOTHESIS: Withdrawing 10 mL of blood from the LRS-containing extension set connected to the IV catheter before obtaining the sample for analysis should be adequate to obtain accurate measurement of blood lactate concentration (BLC)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981261/3d-near-infrared-and-ultrasound-imaging-of-peripheral-blood-vessels-for-real-time-localization-and-needle-guidance
#14
Alvin I Chen, Max L Balter, Timothy J Maguire, Martin L Yarmush
This paper presents a portable imaging device designed to detect peripheral blood vessels for cannula insertion that are otherwise difficult to visualize beneath the skin. The device combines near infrared stereo vision, ultrasound, and real-time image analysis to map the 3D structure of subcutaneous vessels. We show that the device can identify adult forearm vessels and be used to guide manual insertions in tissue phantoms with increased first-stick accuracy compared to unassisted cannulation. We also demonstrate that the system may be coupled with a robotic manipulator to perform automated, image-guided venipuncture...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977062/comparison-of-hematology-plasma-biochemistry-and-blood-gas-variables-between-2-venipuncture-sites-in-southern-stingrays-dasyatis-americana
#15
Brianne E Phillips, Emily F Christiansen, Michael K Stoskopf, Heather Broadhurst, Robert George, Craig A Harms
BACKGROUND: The Southern Stingray (Dasyatis americana) is a batoid elasmobranch frequently exhibited in zoological institutions. Blood is commonly collected from the caudal hemal arch at the tail base in stingrays for the purpose of health assessment and clinical pathology tests. An alternative site that allows a dorsal or ventral approach without necessitating puncture of a cartilaginous structure has been identified between the cartilaginous pectoral fin rays (ceratotrichia). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to compare CBC, plasma biochemistry analytes, and blood gas variables between blood samples collected from the caudal and pectoral fin vasculature sites of the Southern Stingray...
December 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964912/the-effect-of-upper-limb-massage-on-infants-venipuncture-pain
#16
Yuen-Man Chik, Wan-Yim Ip, Kai-Chow Choi
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of upper limb massage on relieving pain among infants undergoing venipuncture in Hong Kong. This study was a crossover, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Eighty infants at the neonatal intensive care unit were randomly assigned to 2 groups in different order to receive interventions. The massage first group (N = 40) received 2-minute massage before venipuncture on the first occasion then received usual care (control) on the second occasion, and vice versa in the massage second group (N = 40)...
December 10, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929295/venipuncture-at-a-follow-up-visit
#17
Cindy Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925080/technological-innovation-for-peripheral-venipuncture-ultrasound-training
#18
Andrey Maciel de Oliveira, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Edivane Pedrolo
Objective: to evaluate the training of nurses in the use of ultrasound in peripheral venipuncture. Method: descriptive research of quantitative approach performed with nurses as part of an analytical cross-sectional study in two patient care centers: an intensive care unit and an adult emergency center. Results: the results showed contributions of training for professional skill and visibility of nurses, requiring, however, more time for complete assimilation of this technological innovation as a safer clinical practice...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917862/purslane-portulaca-oleracea-seed-consumption-and-aerobic-training-improves-biomarkers-associated-with-atherosclerosis-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-t2d
#19
Firouzeh Dehghan, Rahman Soori, Khadijeh Gholami, Mitra Abolmaesoomi, Ashril Yusof, Sekaran Muniandy, Sara Heidarzadeh, Parvin Farzanegi, Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani
The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of atherosclerosis plaque biomarkers to purslane seed consumption and aerobic training in women with T2D. 196 women with T2D were assigned into; (1) placebo (PL), (2) aerobic training+placebo (AT + PL), 3) purslane seeds (PS), aerobic training+purslane seeds (AT + PS). The training program and purslane seeds consumption (2.5 g lunch and 5 g dinner) were carried out for 16 weeks. The components of purslane seed were identified and quantified by GC-MS...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911464/two-successful-insertions-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-a-super-elderly-patient-with-bilateral-pacemaker-placement
#20
Wenyan Sun, Yufen Ma, Bing Liu, Ruibing Ge, Kai Wang, Qi Song
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been placed through the peripheral veins, and the best location for the tip of the PICCs is the lower third of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction. PICCs are commonly used in intravenous administration, parenteral nutrition therapy, chemotherapy, as well as in critical care units. The success rates in venipuncture are enhanced when ultrasonographic guides are used by the bedside PICC teams. There have been few reports of PICCs placed in super elderly patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
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