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Venipuncture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335153/-the-sitting-position-during-peripheral-venipunctures-in-young-children-a-practice-to-develop
#1
REVIEW
Anne Dario-Meyer, Sylvie Sangare, Anne Dumas Laussinotte
The children's nurse has several missions including that of caring for the child in a holistic approach, ensuring their physical safety and psychological security. When performing peripheral venipunctures in young children, caregivers must implement strategies to relieve pain and prevent psychological traumas which may generate stress for subsequent care procedures. In a paediatric unit, their observations and analysis have improved children's experience of this invasive procedure, with a need for less restraint...
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327960/pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-intramuscular-injection-of-long-acting-ceftiofur-crystalline-free-acid-in-cattle-egrets-bubulcus-ibis
#2
Jennifer A Waldoch, Sherry K Cox, Douglas L Armstrong
We determined the pharmacokinetic properties of ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (CCFA), a long-acting antibiotic, after a single intramuscular injection in cattle egrets ( Bubulcus ibis). A dose of 20 mg/kg was administered intramuscularly to 18 birds and blood samples were collected via jugular venipuncture at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 192, 216, and 240 hours after CCFA administration. Plasma concentrations of ceftiofur free acid equivalents (CFAEs) were measured via high-performance liquid chromatography...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314531/evaluation-of-a-point-of-care-blood-glucose-monitor-in-healthy-goats
#3
Jane E Quandt, Michele Barletta, Karen K Cornell, Steeve Giguère, Erik H Hofmeister
OBJECTIVE: To assess agreement between a point-of-care glucometer (POCG) and a laboratory chemistry analyzer for blood glucose measurements in goats. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Eighteen healthy adult goats. INVESTIGATIONS: Whole blood samples were obtained via jugular venipuncture prior to premedication with xylazine and butorphanol (T0), following premedication (T20), and after 1 hour of inhalant anesthesia (T60)...
January 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301534/submicroscopic-malaria-cases-play-role-in-local-transmission-in-trenggalek-district-east-java-province-indonesia
#4
Heny Arwati, Subagyo Yotopranoto, Etik Ainun Rohmah, Din Syafruddin
BACKGROUND: Trenggalek district is a hypoendemic malaria area with mainly imported cases brought by migrant workers from islands outside Java. During malaria surveillance in 2015, no malaria cases were found microscopically, but some cases were positive by PCR. Therefore, a study was conducted to prove that local malaria transmission still occur. METHODS: The adult villagers were invited to the house of the head of this village to be screened for malaria using aseptic venipuncture of 1 mL blood upon informed consent...
January 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279250/pain-scores-for-intravenous-cannulation-and-arterial-blood-gas-test-among-emergency-department-patients
#5
Sendoa Ballesteros-Peña, Gorka Vallejo-De la Hoz, Irrintzi Fernández-Aedo
OBJECTIVES: To analyse vein catheterisation and blood gas test-related pain among adult patients in the emergency department and to explore pain score-related factors. METHOD: An observational and multicentre research study was performed. Patients undergoing vein catheterisation or arterial puncture for gas test were included consecutively. After each procedure, patients scored the pain experienced using the NRS-11. RESULTS: 780 vein catheterisations and 101 blood gas tests were analysed...
December 23, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241707/expression-of-the-dj-1-protein-in-the-serum-of-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Chunna An, Xiaoping Pu, Weizhong Xiao, Hongning Zhang
DJ-1 is one of the important genes found in Parkinson's disease (PD). Studies have shown that the DJ-1 protein levels are elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma of sporadic PD patients, and the DJ-1 protein levels in the CSF and plasma may serve as biomarkers of PD. However, Japanese scholars previously reported that there was no difference in the levels of the DJ-1 protein in serum between sporadic PD patients and controls. Therefore, whether the serum DJ-1 protein levels are different between PD patients and controls in Chinese patients as well as whether serum DJ-1 protein can serve as a biomarker of PD are unknown...
December 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238569/transient-cardiac-dysfunction-but-elevated-cardiac-and-kidney-biomarkers-24%C3%A2-h-following-an-ultra-distance-running-event-in-mexican-tarahumara
#7
Dirk L Christensen, Diana Espino, Rocío Infante-Ramírez, Mónica S Cervantes-Borunda, Rosa P Hernández-Torres, Antonio E Rivera-Cisneros, Daniel Castillo, Kate Westgate, Dijana Terzic, Soren Brage, Christian Hassager, Jens P Goetze, Jesper Kjaergaard
Background: The Mexican Tarahumara are accustomed to running ultra-distance races. No data exist on the acute physiological changes following ultra-distance running and physiological-biomarker associations in this population. Thus, we aimed to investigate the acute impact (≤ 24 h) on functional and biochemical changes of the cardiac muscle and biochemical changes associated with kidney function following a 63-km ultra-distance race with an altitude difference of 1800 m in Mexican Tarahumara athletes...
2017: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204089/subpopulations-of-natural-killer-t-like-cells-before-and-after-surgical-treatment-of-laryngeal-cancer
#8
Janusz Klatka, Ewelina Grywalska, Anna Hymos, Ewelina Krasowska, Michał Mielnik, Dorota Siwicka-Gieroba, Justyna Markowicz, Piotr Trojanowski, Witold Olszański, Jacek Roliński
Introduction: Tumours connected with head and neck comprise about 5% of all tumours. The most frequent histological type of laryngeal carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Different research projects suggest that the role of T lymphocytes might be significant in tumour development. iNKT cells are a new subpopulation of T cells and show cytotoxic activity against tumours. iNKT cells participate in modulating the function of other cells which have anti-tumour properties and secrete cytokines, which have pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194040/effect-of-preanalytical-and-analytical-variables-on-the-clinical-utility-of-mean-platelet-volume
#9
Mauro Buttarello, Giacomo Mezzapelle, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: The study endpoint was to analyze the effect of preanalytical (time, temperature, anticoagulant) and analytical (imprecision, correlation between volume and platelet concentration) variables on mean platelet volume (MPV). A further aim was to calculate in an adult population the reference intervals using the Sysmex XE-5000 analyzer. A critical evaluation was also made of the clinical utility of these parameters. METHODS: Analyses of the above values were performed in duplicate in 170 healthy adults of both sexes: (1) within 30 min from collection, and (2) after 4 h...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179648/sex-differences-in-thermal-stress-and-inflammatory-responses-to-minocycline-administration-in-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Anna N Taylor, Delia L Tio, Afshin Paydar, Richard L Sutton
Persistent inflammation, mediated in part by increases in cytokines, is a hallmark of traumatlc brain injury (TBI). Minocycline has been shown to inhibit post-TBI neuroinflammation in male rats and mice, but has not been tested in females. Here we studied sex differences in thermal, stress and inflammatory responses to TBI and minocycline. Female rats were ovariectomized under isoflurane anesthesia at 33-36 days of age. At 45-55 days of age male and female rats were implanted intraperitoneally (i.p.) with calibrated transmitters for monitoring body temperature...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172957/exploring-holistic-comfort-in-children-who-experience-a-clinical-venipuncture-procedure
#11
April A Bice, Joanne Hall, Matthew J Devereaux
PURPOSE: Children often experience the uncomfortable effects of invasive procedures as a part of primary care and during times of illness. Holistic comfort has been well documented in adult literature but little research exists on the understanding of holistic procedural comfort from the child's perspective. In this study, holistic comfort related to an invasive venipuncture procedure was explored in children age 5 to 7 years and their caregivers of all ages. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design described by Sandelowski was used...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171190/routine-viral-load-monitoring-in-hiv-infected-infants-and-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Stephen M Arpadi, Stephanie Shiau, Eduarda Pimentel De Gusmao, Avy Violari
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this commentary is to review considerations for implementing routine viral load (VL) monitoring programmes for HIV-infected infants and children living in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Since 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend VL testing as the preferred monitoring approach for all individuals treated with ART in order to assess treatment response, detect treatment failure and determine the need to switch to a second-line regimen in a timely manner...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166202/the-effectiveness-of-distraction-cartoon-patterned-clothes-and-bubble-blowing-on-pain-and-anxiety-in-preschool-children-during-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Made Pande Lilik Lestari, Dessie Wanda, Happy Hayati
In preschool children, venipuncture is considered a bodily threat that can cause pain and anxiety, as well as being a traumatic experience. If the pain and anxiety felt by a child during a venipuncture is not addressed properly, it can result in a traumatic experience, and traumatic events in childhood can have long-term consequences. Atraumatic treatment in the emergency department has been little explored in previous research; therefore, the present study assessed the effectiveness of using the distractions of cartoon-patterned clothes and bubble-blowing on the pain and anxiety of preschool children during venipuncture in the emergency department...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162168/immune-and-neuroendocrine-correlates-of-temperament-in-infancy
#14
Thomas G O'Connor, Kristin Scheible, Ana Vallejo Sefair, Michelle Gilchrist, Emma Robertson Blackmore, Marcia A Winter, Megan R Gunnar, Claire Wyman, Jennifer Carnahan, Jan A Moynihan, Mary T Caserta
There is now a clear focus on incorporating, and integrating, multiple levels of analysis in developmental science. The current study adds to research in this area by including markers of the immune and neuroendocrine systems in a longitudinal study of temperament in infants. Observational and parent-reported ratings of infant temperament, serum markers of the innate immune system, and cortisol reactivity from repeated salivary collections were examined in a sample of 123 infants who were assessed at 6 months and again when they were, on average, 17 months old...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#15
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155488/effectiveness-of-a-virtual-reality-intervention-to-minimize-pediatric-stress-and-pain-intensity-during-venipuncture
#16
Joanna Piskorz, Marcin Czub
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) technology is an effective tool in treatment of acute pain. Numerous studies show the effectiveness of this method both in a clinical context and in the laboratory. However, research results on the effectiveness of VR in pediatric venipuncture pain is not conclusive-not all studies report the analgesic effect of VR. In addition to testing effectiveness of VR, we also assess the usability of a novel hands-free interface. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients of paediatric nephrology clinic (N = 38; mean age 11 years, range 7-17) participated in a posttest only between group quasi-experimental study...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153919/patient-and-health-care-provider-responses-from-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-vapocoolant-spray-versus-placebo-spray-in-adults-undergoing-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Tracy Barbour, Sharon O'Keefe, Sharon E Mace
Painful medical procedures are common. Topical anesthetics are easily applied, rapid onset, inexpensive, and avoid injection pain and needlestick injury. The aims of this study, using patient and health care provider questionnaires, were to answer the following questions: (1) Does vapocoolant spray decrease venipuncture pain? (2) Would patients be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? (3) Would providers be satisfied with and use a vapocoolant spray in the future? Adults (18-80 years) in a hospital emergency department (ED) were randomly assigned to sterile water placebo spray (S) (N = 50) or vapocoolant spray (V) (N = 50) before venipuncture...
November 16, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150862/randomised-crossover-trial-showed-that-using-breast-milk-or-sucrose-provided-the-same-analgesic-effect-in-preterm-infants-of-at-least-28-weeks
#18
L Collados-Gómez, P Ferrera-Camacho, E Fernandez-Serrano, V Camacho-Vicente, C Flores-Herrero, A M García-Pozo, R Jiménez-García
AIM: Repeated, on-going exposure to pain influences the growth, cognitive and motor functions, behaviour, personality and neurodevelopment of preterm infants. We compared the analgesic effects of expressed breast milk and 24% oral sucrose on preterm neonates during venipuncture. METHODS: This multicentre randomised, non-inferiority, cross-over trial focused on five neonatal university units in Madrid, Spain, from October 2013 to October 2014. It comprised 66 preterm infants born at less than 37 weeks and randomly split into two groups...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150028/-a-series-of-20-cases-of-endogenous-endophthalmitis
#19
T Petit, L Mahieu, C Tolou, S Hamid, V Pagot-Mathis, G Martin-Blondel, V Soler
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case series was to evaluate both the visual and systemic prognosis of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reported a series of 20 cases of endogenous endophthalmitis occurring between 2012 and 2015 at the university medical center in Toulouse. RESULTS: The mean age was 67 (±43.3) years with a male predominance (n=11). The site of entry was found in 14 cases (87.5%). In 11 cases (69%), the causative agent was a bacterium; a fungal infection was found in five cases...
November 14, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148002/targeting-zero-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#20
Daniele G Biasucci, Mauro Pittiruti, Alessandra Taddei, Enzo Picconi, Alessandro Pizza, Davide Celentano, Marco Piastra, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Giorgio Conti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a new three-component 'bundle' for insertion and management of centrally inserted central catheters (CICCs), designed to minimize catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in critically ill children. METHODS: Our 'bundle' has three components: insertion, management, and education. Insertion and management recommendations include: skin antisepsis with 2% chlorhexidine; maximal barrier precautions; ultrasound-guided venipuncture; tunneling of the catheter when a long indwelling time is expected; glue on the exit site; sutureless securement; use of transparent dressing; chlorhexidine sponge dressing on the 7th day; neutral displacement needle-free connectors...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
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