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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223840/all-the-small-things-the-impact-of-central-venous-catheters-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#1
EDITORIAL
Ryan R Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223733/mitochondrial-pore-opening-and-loss-of-ca2-exchanger-nclx-levels-occur-after-frataxin-depletion
#2
R Purroy, E Britti, F Delaspre, J Tamarit, J Ros
Frataxin-deficient neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and dorsal root ganglia neurons have been used as cell models of Friedreich ataxia. In previous work we show that frataxin depletion resulted in mitochondrial swelling and lipid droplet accumulation in cardiomyocytes, and compromised DRG neurons survival. Now, we show that these cells display reduced levels of the mitochondrial calcium transporter NCLX that can be restored by calcium-chelating agents and by external addition of frataxin fused to TAT peptide. Also, the transcription factor NFAT3, involved in cardiac hypertrophy and apoptosis, becomes activated by dephosphorylation in both cardiomyocytes and DRG neurons...
December 6, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219012/significance-of-assay-of-nucleated-rbcs-in-umbilical-cord-blood-in-neonates-with-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#3
M Elsokkary, A Mamdouh, W Nossair, O Abd El Fattah, H Hemeda, S Sallam, M Taema, M Hussain, A Shafik, M Nawara, M Samy, M Abd El Aleem, R Abdelhadi, N Sakna, A Salama, D Salama, O El-Tohamy, N Elsaid
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8-15% of all infants are born with evidence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). MSAF is a potentially serious sign of fetal compromise and may indicate fetal hypoxia Objectives and aim of the work: The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between meconium stained amniotic fluid and fetal nucleated red blood cell counts. As well, we aim to evaluate the relationship between the presence of meconium in amniotic fluid and Apgar scores in neonates...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218485/apical-membrane-alterations-in-non-intestinal-organs-in-microvillus-inclusion-disease
#4
Cameron Schlegel, Victoria G Weis, Byron C Knowles, Lynne A Lapierre, Martin G Martin, Paul Dickman, James R Goldenring, Mitchell D Shub
OBJECTIVES: Microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) is a severe form of neonatal diarrhea, caused mainly by mutations in MYO5B. Inactivating mutations in MYO5B causes depolarization of enterocytes in the small intestine, which gives rise to chronic, unremitting secretory diarrhea. While the pathology of the small intestine in MVID patients is well described, little is known about extraintestinal effects of MYO5B mutation. METHODS: We examined stomach, liver, pancreas, colon, and kidney in Navajo MVID patients, who share a single homozygous MYO5B-P660L (1979C>T p...
December 7, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217722/successfully-implementing-and-embedding-guidelines-to-improve-the-nutrition-and-growth-of-preterm-infants-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-prospective-interventional-study
#5
Mark J Johnson, Alison A Leaf, Freya Pearson, Howard W Clark, Borislav D Dimitrov, Catherine Pope, Carl R May
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to improve the nutritional care of preterm infants by developing a complex (multifaceted) intervention intended to translate current evidence into practice. We used the sociological framework of Normalization Process Theory (NPT), to guide implementation in order to embed the new practices into routine care. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study with a before and after methodology. PARTICIPANTS: Infants <30 weeks gestation or <1500 g at birth...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217694/updated-birth-weight-centiles-for-england-and-wales
#6
Tom Norris, Sarah E Seaton, Brad N Manktelow, Philip N Baker, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, David Field, Elizabeth S Draper, Lucy K Smith
OBJECTIVES: Construct updated birth weight-for-gestational age centile charts for use in the UK and compare these to the currently used UK-WHO charts. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of national birth data. PARTICIPANTS: Centiles were constructed using 1 269 403 singleton births occurring in England and Wales in 2013-2014 as part of the MBRRACE-UK national perinatal surveillance programme. These were then validated using 642 737 singleton births occurring in England and Wales in 2015...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217099/proinflammatory-diets-during-pregnancy-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-the-healthy-start-study
#7
Brianna F Moore, Katherine A Sauder, Anne P Starling, James R Hébert, Nitin Shivappa, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores during pregnancy and neonatal adiposity. STUDY DESIGN: The analysis included 1078 mother-neonate pairs in Healthy Start, a prospective prebirth cohort. Diet was assessed using repeated 24-hour dietary recalls. DII scores were obtained by summing nutrient intakes, which were standardized to global means and multiplied by inflammatory effect scores. Air displacement plethysmography measured fat mass and fat-free mass within 72 hours of birth...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215512/term-elective-induction-of-labor-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-obese-women-and-their-offspring
#8
Cassandra M Gibbs Pickens, Michael R Kramer, Penelope P Howards, Martina L Badell, Aaron B Caughey, Carol J Hogue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether elective induction of labor between 39 through 41 weeks of gestation, as compared with expectant management, is associated with reduced cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes among obese women and their offspring. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the 2007-2011 California Linked Patient Discharge Data-Birth Cohort File of 165,975 singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous deliveries to obese women. For each gestational week (39-41), we used multivariable logistic regression models, stratified by parity, to assess whether elective induction of labor or expectant management was associated with lower odds of cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213350/immediate-early-response-gene-x-1-iex-1-mediates-ischemic-preconditioning-induced-cardioprotection-in-rats
#9
Ming-Jiang Xu, Yan Cai, Aijuan Qu, John Y-J Shyy, Wenjing Li, Xian Wang
Reversible myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) or ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is associated with an immediate genomic response; IPC-induced immediate early genes are associated with reduced infarct size. Because the immediate early response gene X-1 (IEX-1) plays a central role in cell apoptosis, we examine whether IEX-1 exerts protective effects against I/R injury. We found that the IEX-1 mRNA level was increased in the IPC-imposed rat heart. However, it was downregulated in the I/R rat heart, which was prevented by in situ IPC...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212398/prediction-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-via-pulmonary-artery-doppler-examination
#10
Barış Büke, Emre Destegül, Hatice Akkaya, Deniz Şİmşek, Mert Kazandi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed with this study to evaluate the role of pulmonary artery acceleration time to ejection time ratio (PATET) in the prediction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 105 singleton pregnant women with no congenital abnormalities and pregnancy complications who delivered before 37 weeks of gestational age were included. All of the patients underwent ultrasound examination to obtain fetal pulmonary artery Doppler 15 patients excluded from the study due to giving birth more than 3 days of ultrasound examination or inadequate Doppler measurements...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209564/leukotriene-b4-receptor-1-mediated-host-response-shapes-gut-microbiota-and-controls-colon-tumor-progression
#11
Venkatakrishna R Jala, Paramahamsa Maturu, Sobha R Bodduluri, Elangovan Krishnan, Steven Mathis, Krishnaprasad Subbarao, Min Wang, Alfred B Jenson, Mary L Proctor, Eric C Rouchka, Rob Knight, Bodduluri Haribabu
Inflammation and infection are key promoters of colon cancer but the molecular interplay between these events is largely unknown. Mice deficient in leukotriene B4 receptor1 (BLT1) are protected in inflammatory disease models of arthritis, asthma and atherosclerosis. In this study, we show that BLT1-/- mice when bred onto a spontaneous tumor (ApcMin/+) model displayed an increase in the rate of intestinal tumor development and mortality. A paradoxical increase in inflammation in the tumors from the BLT1-/-ApcMin/+ mice is coincidental with defective host response to infection...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208663/haemodynamic-effects-of-umbilical-cord-milking-in-premature-sheep-during-the-neonatal-transition
#12
Douglas A Blank, Graeme R Polglase, Martin Kluckow, Andrew William Gill, Kelly J Crossley, Alison Moxham, Karyn Rodgers, Valerie Zahra, Ishmael Inocencio, Fiona Stenning, Domeic A LaRosa, Peter G Davis, Stuart B Hooper
OBJECTIVE: Umbilical cord milking (UCM) at birth may benefit preterm infants, but the physiological effects of UCM are unknown. We compared the physiological effects of two UCM strategies with immediate umbilical cord clamping (UCC) and physiological-based cord clamping (PBCC) in preterm lambs. METHODS: At 126 days' gestational age, fetal lambs were exteriorised, intubated and instrumented to measure umbilical, pulmonary and cerebral blood flows and arterial pressures...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205704/hypoglycemia-in-sulfonylurea-treated-kcnj11-neonatal-diabetes-mild-moderate-symptomatic-episodes-occur-infrequently-but-none-involving-unconsciousness-or-seizures
#13
Monica S Lanning, David Carmody, Łukasz Szczerbiński, Lisa R Letourneau, Rochelle N Naylor, Siri Atma W Greeley
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) caused by mutations in KCNJ11 can be successfully treated with high dose oral sulfonylureas; however, little data is available on the risk of hypoglycemia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, severity, and clinical significance of hypoglycemia in KCNJ11-related NDM. METHODS: Utilizing the University of Chicago Monogenic Diabetes Registry, parents completed an online questionnaire addressing hypoglycemia...
December 5, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205472/progressive-deafness-dystonia-due-to-serac1-mutations-a-study-of-67-cases
#14
Saskia B Wortmann, Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka, Sema Kalkan Ucar, Bader Alhaddad, Moeenaldeen AlSayed, Mohammed A Al-Owain, Hamad I Al-Zaidan, Shanti Balasubramaniam, Ivo Barić, Dalal Bubshait, Alberto Burlina, John Christodoulou, Wendy K Chung, Roberto Colombo, Niklas Darin, Peter Freisinger, Maria Teresa Garcia Silva, Stephanie Grunewald, Tobias B Haack, Peter M van Hasselt, Omar Hikmat, Friederike Hörster, Pirjo Isohanni, Khushnooda Ramzan, Reka Kovacs-Nagy, Zita Krumina, Elena Martin-Hernandez, Johannes A Mayr, Patricia McClean, Linda De Meirleir, Karin Naess, Lock H Ngu, Magdalena Pajdowska, Shamima Rahman, Gillian Riordan, Lisa Riley, Benjamin Roeben, Frank Rutsch, Rene Santer, Manuel Schiff, Martine Seders, Silvia Sequeira, Wolfgang Sperl, Christian Staufner, Matthis Synofzik, Robert W Taylor, Joanna Trubicka, Konstantinos Tsiakas, Ozlem Unal, Evangeline Wassmer, Yehani Wedatilake, Toni Wolff, Holger Prokisch, Eva Morava, Ewa Pronicka, Ron A Wevers, Arjan P de Brouwer, Roeltje R Maas
OBJECTIVE: 3-MEthylGlutaconic aciduria, Dystonia-Deafness, Hepatopathy, Encephalopathy, Leigh-like syndrome (MEGDHEL) syndrome is caused by biallelic variants in SERAC1. METHODS: Multi centre study concerning the course of disease for each organ system, together with metabolic, neuroradiological and genetic findings. RESULTS: 67 individuals (39 previously unreported) from 59 families were included (age range 5 days - 33.4 years, median age 9 years)...
December 2, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204460/a-cardiac-mass-in-a-neonate
#15
Marisa E Elias, Faeq Al-Mudares, Ismael E Gonzalez Rangal, Martin R Espinosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204092/effect-of-perinatal-risk-factors-on-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-level-in-umbilical-and-peripheral-blood-in-neonates
#16
Agnieszka Kisiel, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Elżbieta Górska, Maria Borszewska-Kornacka
Introduction: Acute kidney injury biomarkers are opening a new era in diagnosing kidney failure. The requirement for a specific and sensitive marker of kidney function is highly desirable in neonates because the diagnostic possibilities in this age group are not sufficient. Recent research show that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can have a great potential but there is a wide range of medical conditions, that may influence their expression. The aim of the study: was to evaluate the impact of perinatal risk factors on NGAL level in neonates...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203650/point-of-care-device-to-diagnose-and-monitor-neonatal-jaundice-in-low-resource-settings
#17
Pelham A Keahey, Mathieu L Simeral, Kristofer J Schroder, Meaghan M Bond, Prince J Mtenthaonnga, Robert H Miros, Queen Dube, Rebecca R Richards-Kortum
Newborns are at increased risk of jaundice, a condition in which excess bilirubin accumulates in blood. Left untreated, jaundice can lead to neurological impairment and death. Jaundice resulting from unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia is easily treated with exposure to blue light, and phototherapy systems have been developed for low-resource settings; however, there are no appropriate solutions to diagnose and monitor jaundice in these settings. To address this need we present BiliSpec, a low-cost reader and disposable lateral flow card designed to measure the concentration of total bilirubin from several drops of blood at the point of care...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198536/infants-with-atypical-presentations-of-alveolar-capillary-dysplasia-with-misalignment-of-the-pulmonary-veins-who-underwent-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#18
Christopher T Towe, Frances V White, R Mark Grady, Stuart C Sweet, Pirooz Eghtesady, Daniel J Wegner, Partha Sen, Przemyslaw Szafranski, Pawel Stankiewicz, Aaron Hamvas, F Sessions Cole, Jennifer A Wambach
OBJECTIVE: To describe disease course, histopathology, and outcomes for infants with atypical presentations of alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) who underwent bilateral lung transplantation. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed clinical history, diagnostic studies, explant histology, genetic sequence results, and post-transplant course for 6 infants with atypical ACDMPV who underwent bilateral lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197888/congenital-arhinia-first-published-case-in-malaysia
#19
R L Ng, K Rajapathy, Z Ishak
Congenital arhinia is one of the rare craniofacial malformation that may cause severe respiratory distress at birth due to upper airway obstruction. Our patient, whose abnormalities were only detected after delivery in our centre, is the first reported case of congenital arhinia in Malaysia. Contrary to popular belief that neonates are obligate nasal breather, our patient adapted well to breathing through mouth before an elective tracheostomy was performed on day four of life.
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196453/physician-preferences-surrounding-urinary-tract-infection-management-in-neonates
#20
Neha S Joshi, Brian P Lucas, Alan R Schroeder
OBJECTIVES: Variability exists in the treatment of neonates with urinary tract infection (UTI), potentially reflecting an overuse of resources. A cross-sectional vignette survey was designed to examine variability in physician preferences for intravenous (IV) antibiotic duration, genitourinary imaging, and prophylactic antibiotics and to evaluate drivers of resource use. METHODS: The survey was administered to a random sample of pediatricians through the American Medical Association's Physician Masterfile...
December 1, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
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