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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920261/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-combined-with-sensory-cueing-on-unilateral-neglect-in-subacute-patients-with-right-hemispheric-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Nicole Yh Yang, Kenneth Nk Fong, Cecilia Wp Li-Tsang, D Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of rTMS combined with sensory cueing, rTMS alone, and conventional rehabilitation on unilateral neglect, hemiplegic arm functions and performance of activities of daily living. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A convalescent hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty inpatients with left unilateral neglect after stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to three groups: rTMS combined with sensory cueing, rTMS, and conventional rehabilitation alone...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916756/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-higher-brain-function-deficits
#2
Yukichi Inoue
The management of higher brain dysfunctions such as stroke-induced unilateral spatial neglect (USN) or aphasia is crucial because these dysfunctions have devastating neurological repercussions on the patients' daily life and quality of life. Impairment of the physiological interhemispheric rivalry is often the result of brain insults such as strokes or traumatic injuries, and it may lead to USN or aphasia. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive brain stimulation method, is a promising tool for restoring the pathological imbalance in interhemispheric rivalry by either suppressing the hyperactivity of the unaffected hemisphere or facilitating hypoactivity in the affected hemisphere...
December 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909453/the-effect-of-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-occupational-stress-among-health-care-workers-a-pilot-study
#3
Young In Kim, Sun Mi Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration to alleviate symptoms of treatment-resistant depression. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of rTMS treatment on alleviating occupational stress by evaluating clinical symptoms and quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG). METHODS: Twenty-four health care workers were randomized to receive 12 sessions of active or sham rTMS delivered to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905540/the-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-an-animal-model-of-tinnitus
#4
Wilhelmina H A M Mulders, Vanessa Vooys, Kalina Makowiecki, Alex D Tang, Jennifer Rodger
Tinnitus (phantom auditory perception associated with hearing loss) can seriously affect wellbeing. Its neural substrate is unknown however it has been linked with abnormal activity in auditory pathways. Though no cure currently exists, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to reduce tinnitus in some patients, possibly via induction of cortical plasticity involving brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We examined whether low intensity rTMS (LI-rTMS) alleviates signs of tinnitus in a guinea pig model and whether this involves changes in BDNF expression and hyperactivity in inferior colliculus...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904120/high-frequency-rtms-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-case-series
#5
Wataru Kakuda, Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Masahiro Abo
Structural and functional abnormalities of the prefrontal cortex seem to correlate with fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We consecutively applied facilitatory high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of seven CFS patients over three days. Five patients completed the 3-day protocol without any adverse events. For the other two patients, we had to reduce the stimulation intensity in response to mild adverse reactions...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899052/initial-response-to-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-depression-predicts-subsequent-response
#6
Michael S Kelly, Albino J Oliveira-Maia, Margo Bernstein, Adam P Stern, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Aaron D Boes
This study provides support for the hypothesis that treatment response to an initial course of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for depression predicts the magnitude of response to a subsequent course of rTMS in the setting of symptom relapse.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895557/a-framework-for-combining-rtms-with-behavioral-therapy
#7
K Zoe Tsagaris, Douglas R Labar, Dylan J Edwards
Upon its inception, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was delivered at rest, without regard to the potential impact of activity occurring during or around the time of stimulation. rTMS was considered an experimental intervention imposed on the brain; therefore, the myriad features that might suppress or enhance its desired effects had not yet been explored. The field of rTMS has since grown substantially and therapeutic benefits have been reported, albeit with modest and inconsistent improvements...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891079/contribution-of-tms-and-rtms-in-the-understanding-of-the-pathophysiology-and-in-the-treatment-of-dystonia
#8
REVIEW
Pierre Lozeron, Aurélia Poujois, Alexandra Richard, Sana Masmoudi, Elodie Meppiel, France Woimant, Nathalie Kubis
Dystonias represent a heterogeneous group of movement disorders responsible for sustained muscle contraction, abnormal postures, and muscle twists. It can affect focal or segmental body parts or be generalized. Primary dystonia is the most common form of dystonia but it can also be secondary to metabolic or structural dysfunction, the consequence of a drug's side-effect or of genetic origin. The pathophysiology is still not elucidated. Based on lesion studies, dystonia has been regarded as a pure motor dysfunction of the basal ganglia loop...
2016: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889392/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-affects-conflict-induced-behavioural-adaptation-in-a-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-analogue
#9
Erica A Boschin, Rogier B Mars, Mark J Buckley
A substantial body of literature has proposed a role for dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in supporting behavioural adaptation during conflict tasks. The vast majority of the evidence in support of this interpretation comes from neuroimaging studies. However, in order to unequivocally ascribe such a role to dlPFC, it is important to determine whether or not it is essential for this mechanism, and this can only be achieved by lesioning the area or interfering with its activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of repeated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) to dlPFC on performance on a conflict version of a Wisconsin Card Sorting Test analogue (used previously in circumscribed lesion studies in monkeys) in neurologically healthy human participants...
November 23, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876667/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-versus-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-major-depression-a-systematic-review-and-multiple-treatments-meta-analysis
#10
Jian-Jun Chen, Li-Bo Zhao, Yi-Yun Liu, Song-Hua Fan, Peng Xie
BACKGROUNDS: The effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and bilateral, left prefrontal, and right prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on major depressive disorder (MDD) have not been adequately addressed by previous studies. Here, a multiple-treatments meta-analysis, which incorporates evidence from direct and indirect comparisons from a network of trials, was performed to assess the efficacy and acceptability of these four treatment modalities on MDD. METHOD: The literature was searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on ECT, bilateral rTMS, and unilateral rTMS for treating MDD up to May 2016...
November 19, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858874/the-analgesic-effect-of-therapeutic-rtms-is-not-mediated-or-predicted-by-comorbid-psychiatric-or-sleep-disorders
#11
Pauliina Lindholm, Salla Lamusuo, Tero Taiminen, Arja Virtanen, Antti Pertovaara, Heli Forssell, Nora Hagelberg, Satu Jääskeläinen
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms underlying alleviation of neuropathic pain by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of primary motor cortex (M1) and right secondary somatosensory cortex (S2) are only partly known. Patients with chronic neuropathic pain often have comorbidities like depression and sleep problems. Through functional connectivity, rTMS of M1 and S2 may activate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the target for treating depression with rTMS. Thus, the analgesic effect of rTMS could be mediated indirectly via improvement of psychiatric comorbidities or sleep...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852164/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-modulates-resting-eeg-functional-connectivity-between-the-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-limbic-regions-in-medicated-patients-with-treatment-resistant-depression
#12
Shinsuke Kito, Takashi Hasegawa, Akihiro Takamiya, Takamasa Noda, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Teruhiko Higuchi, Yoshihiko Koga
High-frequency left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to have efficacy in treatment-resistant depression. However, the effects of rTMS on functional connectivity are still not clear. To examine changes in functional connectivity before and after rTMS, resting EEG of 14 patients with treatment-resistant depression was recorded twice at baseline and at week 4, respectively. The EEG data were analyzed using the standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847712/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-over-trunk-motor-spot-on-balance-function-in-stroke-patients
#13
Cheol-Min Choi, Jin-Hong Kim, June-Kyung Lee, Bong-Yeon Lee, Hoi-Sung Kee, Kwang-Ik Jung, Seo-Ra Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on balance function in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Thirty participants with chronic stroke were enrolled in this study. High frequency (10 Hz) rTMS was delivered with butterfly-coil on trunk motor spot. Each patient received both real and sham rTMS in a random sequence. The rTMS cycles (real or sham) were composed of 10 sessions each, administered over two weeks, and separated by a 4-week washout period...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847647/factor-analysis-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-the-temporoparietal-junction-for-tinnitus
#14
Hui Wang, Bei Li, Meiye Wang, Ming Li, Dongzhen Yu, Haibo Shi, Shankai Yin
Objectives. We investigated factors that contribute to suppression of tinnitus after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Methods. A total of 289 patients with tinnitus underwent active 1 Hz rTMS in the left temporoparietal region. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess tinnitus loudness. All participants were interviewed regarding age, gender, tinnitus duration, laterality and pitch, audiometric parameters, sleep, and so forth. The resting motor thresholds (RMTs) were measured in all patients and 30 age- and gender-matched volunteers...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823981/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-improves-cognitive-function-of-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#15
Junwu Zhao, Zhenguang Li, Yannan Cong, Jinbiao Zhang, Ming Tan, Haixia Zhang, Na Geng, Mengfan Li, Wenwen Yu, Peiyan Shan
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) acts as a kind of widely-applied and non-invasive method in the intervention of some neurological disorders. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigates the effect of rTMS on 30 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) participants, who were classified into mild and moderate groups. Neuropsychological tests were carried out using the AD Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and World Health Organization University of California-Los Angeles, Auditory Verbal Learning Test (WHO-UCLA AVLT) before, immediately after, and 6 weeks after the intervention...
November 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816792/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-masseter-motor-neuron-pool-excitability
#16
Huang Huang, Wei Cai Liu, Yu Han Song
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been widely used to modulate the excitability of the cortical control of limbs muscles, but rarely in the cortical control of human masseter muscles. This study aims to investigate the effects of rTMS on masseter motor-neuron pool excitability in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 healthy participants were selected and received a total of three rTMS sessions involving stimulation of the right masseter-motor complex: one session of 10-Hz rTMS, one session of 1-Hz rTMS and one session of sham rTMS at an intensity of 80% of the active motor threshold (AMT)...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812319/evaluating-the-effect-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-disorders-of-consciousness-by-using-tms-eeg
#17
Yang Bai, Xiaoyu Xia, Jiannan Kang, Xiaoxiao Yin, Yi Yang, Jianghong He, Xiaoli Li
Background: The modulation efficacy of Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on consciousness improvement of patient with disorder of consciousness (DOC) has not been definitely confirmed. Objective: This study proposes TMS-EEG to assess effects of repetitive TMS (rTMS) on brain modulation of DOC. Methods: Twenty sessions of 10 Hz rTMS were applied over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for a patient with DOC. Measures of Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) score, TMS-evoked potential (TEP), perturbation complexity index (PCI), and global mean field power (GMFP) were used to evaluate the consciousness level of the patient at three intervals: before the rTMS protocol (T0), immediately after one session rTMS (T1), and immediately after 20 sessions (T2)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807990/usefulness-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-as-a-maintenance-treatment-in-patients-with-major-depression
#18
Frédéric Haesebaert, Rémi Moirand, Anne-Marie Schott-Pethelaz, Jérôme Brunelin, Emmanuel Poulet
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), venlafaxine or a combination of both treatments as a maintenance treatment in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: In a 3-arm open-label study, 66 patients, including 45 remitters, who responded to rTMS (n = 25), venlafaxine (n = 22), or a combination of both treatments (n = 19) continued to receive the treatment that led to a response as a maintenance treatment over 12-month...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807519/observation-of-implied-motion-in-a-work-of-art-modulates-cortical-connectivity-and-plasticity
#19
Carmen Concerto, Carmenrita Infortuna, Ludovico Mineo, Manuel Pereira, David Freedberg, Eileen Chusid, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
Following the discovery of mirror neurons, much attention has been de-voted to understanding the neural responses evoked by observation of implied motion in works of art. Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) is commonly involved during observation of movements but the role of the inhibitory and excitatory connections between PMd and primary motor cortex (M1) during observation of implied motion remains uncertain. In this study, using high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), we examined PMd-M1 connectivity and plasticity during observation of Michelangelo's frescos with and without implied motion (Sistine Chapel, 1508-1512)...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806415/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-as-a-therapeutic-tool-in-psychiatry-current-state-of-application-in-germany
#20
V Bürger, P Zwanzger, J Höppner
The repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) opens new therapeutic options in neuropsychiatric disorders. The use of rTMS in depressive disorders has been most preferably investigated in clinical trials. In Germany, the application of rTMS outside of clinical trials is already increasingly common, not only for depression. Our nationwide survey in psychiatric hospitals was used to detect the current state of the application of rTMS in clinical practice, and should serve as a basis for the development of quality standards...
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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