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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351885/repetitive-tms-to-augment-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-combat-veterans-of-recent-conflicts-with-ptsd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
F Andrew Kozel, Michael A Motes, Nyaz Didehbani, Bambi DeLaRosa, Christina Bass, Caitlin D Schraufnagel, Penelope Jones, Cassie Rae Morgan, Jeffrey S Spence, Michael A Kraut, John Hart
BACKGROUND: The objective was to test whether repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) just prior to Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) would significantly improve the clinical outcome compared to sham rTMS prior to CPT in veterans with PTSD. METHODS: Veterans 18-60 years of age with current combat-related PTSD symptoms were randomized, using a 1:1 ratio in a parallel design, to active (rTMS+CPT) versus sham (sham+CPT) rTMS just prior to weekly CPT for 12-15 sessions...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340869/intervention-effect-of-repetitive-tms-on-behavioral-adjustment-after-error-commission-in-long-term-methamphetamine-addicts-evidence-from-a-two-choice-oddball-task
#2
Qiongdan Liang, Jia Lin, Jiemin Yang, Xiang Li, Yijiang Chen, Xianxin Meng, Jiajin Yuan
Behavioral adjustment plays an important role in the treatment and relapse of drug addiction. Nonetheless, few studies have examined behavioral adjustment and its plasticity following error commission in methamphetamine (METH) dependence, which is detrimental to human health. Thus, we investigated the behavioral adjustment performance following error commission in long-term METH addicts and how it varied with the application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
January 16, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338288/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-tms-safety-a-practical-guide-for-psychiatrists
#3
Rohan Taylor, Veronica Galvez, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVES: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is increasingly being utilised as a treatment option for depression, and with this comes a need for a practical review of safety issues intended for clinicians. This article provides an overview of the current literature regarding safety issues with rTMS for depression, and provides recommendations for clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, rTMS is a well-tolerated treatment with common side effects (such as headache or local pain at the site of stimulation) being mild...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331848/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-apathy-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-double-blind-randomized-sham-controlled-cross-over-pilot-study
#4
Prasad R Padala, Kalpana P Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Andrea N Jackson, Cassandra R Hunter, Christopher M Parkes, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Ricardo Caceda, Mark S Mennemeier, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
Apathy is a common and disabling behavioral concomitant of many neurodegenerative conditions. The presence of apathy with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is linked with heightened rates of conversion to Alzheimer's disease. Improving apathy may slow the neurodegenerative process. The objective was to establish the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in improving apathy in older adults with MCI. An 8-week, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled cross-over study was conducted in nine subjects (66 ± 9 years) with apathy and MCI...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330626/low-frequency-rtms-in-the-superior-parietal-cortex-affects-the-working-memory-in-horizontal-axis-during-the-spatial-task-performance
#5
Jéssica Alves Ribeiro, Francisco Victor Costa Marinho, Kaline Rocha, Francisco Magalhães, Abrahão Fontes Baptista, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Mauricio Cagy, Victor Hugo Bastos, Daya Gupta, Silmar Teixeira
Spatial working memory has been extensively investigated with different tasks, treatments, and analysis tools. Several studies suggest that low frequency of the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the parietal cortex may influence spatial working memory (SWM). However, it is not yet known if after low-frequency rTMS applied to the superior parietal cortex, according to Pz electroencephalography (EEG) electrode, would change the orientation interpretation about the vertical and horizontal axes coordinates in an SWM task...
January 12, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326022/the-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-eating-behaviors-and-body-weight-in-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Se-Hong Kim, Ju-Hye Chung, Tae-Hong Kim, Seong Hoon Lim, Youngkook Kim, Yun-Ah Lee, Sang-Wook Song
BACKGROUND: Although some studies have reported significant reductions in food cravings following repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), none have examined changes in body weight. OBJECTIVE: We conducted 2-week randomized, sham-controlled, single-blind, parallel-group trial to examine the effect of rTMS on body weight in obese patients. METHODS: Sixty obese patients (body mass index [BMI] ≥25 kg/m2) aged between 18 and 65 years were recruited...
December 1, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325330/-effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-upper-limb-motor-function-in-patients-with-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#7
H M Ling, T Tao, J Xu, D Xu
Objective: To perform a meta analysis of studies that investigated the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on upper limb motor function in patients with stroke. Methods: We searched for related articles published before October 2015 in MEDLINE(Pubmed) (January 1966 to October 2015), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (October 2015), EMBASE(SCOPUS) (January 1974 to October 2015), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBMDisc) (January 1978 to October 2015), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (January 1979 to October 2015) and Wanfang database(January 1989 to October 2015)...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324522/how-does-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-influence-the-brain-in-depressive-disorders-a-review-of-neuroimaging-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies
#8
Simon Taïb, Christophe Arbus, Anne Sauvaget, Marie Sporer, Laurent Schmitt, Antoine Yrondi
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a nonpharmacological technique used to stimulate the brain. It is a safe and proven alternative tool to treat resistant major depressive disorders (MDDs). Neuroimaging studies suggest a wide corticolimbic network is involved in MDDs. We researched observable changes in magnetic resonance imaging induced by rTMS to clarify the operational mechanism. METHODS: A systematic search of the international literature was performed using PubMed and Embase, using papers published up to January 1, 2017...
January 11, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323025/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-to-promote-motor-and-functional-recovery-following-spinal-cord-injury
#9
REVIEW
Aysegul Gunduz, John Rothwell, Joan Vidal, Hatice Kumru
We conducted a systematic review of studies using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)) as a research and clinical tool aimed at improving motor and functional recovery or spasticity in patients following spinal cord injury (SCI) under the assumption that if the residual corticospinal circuits could be stimulated appropriately, the changes might be accompanied by functional recovery or an improvement in spasticity...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318972/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-reverses-a%C3%AE-1-42-induced-dysfunction-in-gamma-oscillation-during-working-memory
#10
Wenwen Bai, Tiaotiao Liu, Mengmeng Dou, Mi Xia, Jun Lu, Xin Tian
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that gradually induces cognitive deficits in the elderly and working memory impairment is typically observed in AD. Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is a causative factor for the cognitive impairments in AD. Gamma oscillations have been recognized to play important roles in various cognitive functions including working memory. Previous study reported that Aβ induces gamma oscillation dysfunction in working memory. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) represents a technique for noninvasive stimulation to induce cortical activity and excitability changes and has been accepted for increasing brain excitability and regulating cognitive behavior...
January 9, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309976/loss-of-subcortical-language-pathways-correlates-with-surgery-related-aphasia-in-brain-tumor-patients-an-investigation-via-rtms-based-dti-fiber-tracking
#11
Chiara Negwer, Eva Beurskens, Nico Sollmann, Stefanie Maurer, Sebastian Ille, Katrin Giglhuber, Jan S Kirschke, Florian Ringel, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M Krieg
BACKGROUND: Within language function research there is a shift of focus from cortical specialization to a more hodotopical view including subcortical fiber tracts in functional and oncological considerations. Diffusion tensor imaging fiber tracking (DTI FT) is well established to visualize subcortical fiber tracts. Recently a new technique was developed using cortical regions mapped via repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as seed regions. This study investigates if rTMS-based DTI FT for language pathways is also feasible postoperatively and whether pre- vs...
January 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308739/neurostimulation-in-clinical-and-sub-clinical-eating-disorders-a-systematic-update-of-the-literature
#12
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Whilst psychological therapies are the main approach to treatment of eating disorders (EDs), advances in aetiological research suggest the need for the development of more targeted, brain-focused treatments. A range of neurostimulation approaches, most prominently repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and deep brain stimulation (DBS), are rapidly emerging as potential novel interventions. We have previously reviewed these techniques as potential treatments of EDs...
January 7, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306976/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-anterior-nucleus-of-the-thalamus-for-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#13
REVIEW
Tim A M Bouwens van der Vlis, Olaf E M G Schijns, Frédéric L W V J Schaper, Govert Hoogland, Pieter Kubben, Louis Wagner, Rob Rouhl, Yasin Temel, Linda Ackermans
Despite the use of first-choice anti-epileptic drugs and satisfactory seizure outcome rates after resective epilepsy surgery, a considerable percentage of patients do not become seizure free. ANT-DBS may provide for an alternative treatment option in these patients. This literature review discusses the rationale, mechanism of action, clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of ANT-DBS in drug-resistant epilepsy patients. A review using systematic methods of the available literature was performed using relevant databases including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library pertaining to the different aspects ANT-DBS...
January 6, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305359/the-role-of-rtms-for-patients-with-severe-ptsd-and-depression
#14
Leah D Fryml, Gregory Sahlem, James Fox, Edward B Short
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303919/efficacy-and-safety-of-intensive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#15
Tomas Sverak, Libor Ustohal
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is customarily applied on a daily basis for prolonged periods of time for the treatment of psychiatric diseases. The process is demanding in terms of staff and patient time, and the onset of the effect is slow. Recently, intensive rTMS protocols have been introduced in which stimulation is applied to the same area more than once a day with a higher than standard number of pulses. This article reviews 16 articles to determine the safety and efficacy of such protocols...
January 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301426/targeting-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-with-rtms-and-perfusion-imaging
#16
Stephanie Winkelbeiner, Samir Suker, Hanta Bachofner, Sarah Eisenhardt, Sarah Steinau, Sebastian Walther, Andrea Federspiel, Thomas Dierks, Werner Strik, Philipp Homan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300881/causal-contributions-of-the-sma-to-alertness-and-consciousness-interactions
#17
Mar Martín-Signes, Carlos Pérez-Serrano, Ana B Chica
Phasic alertness facilitates conscious perception through a fronto-striatal network, including the supplementary motor area (SMA). The functioning of the ventral attentional network has been related to the alerting system, overlapping with the ventral branch of the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF III). In this study, we use repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and a conscious detection task with near-threshold stimuli that could be preceded by an alerting tone to explore the causal implication of the SMA in the relationship between phasic alertness and conscious perception...
December 29, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289965/the-influence-of-the-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-sleep-quality-in-depression
#18
Jakub Maria Antczak, Anna Poleszczyk, Adam Wichniak, Maria Rakowicz, Tadeusz Jerzy Parnowski
OBJECTIVES: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) improves mood in depression. In this study we investigated whether the depression-related insomnia is modulated by this therapeutic method. METHODS: We examined 13 patients (mean age 50.6±13.9; 11 women) with bipolar or unipolar depression. During 20 consecutive days, excluding Saturdays and Sundays, they underwent 20 daily sessions of 10 Hz rTMS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289841/interhemispheric-motor-interactions-in-hemiparetic-children-with-perinatal-stroke-clinical-correlates-and-effects-of-neuromodulation-therapy
#19
Derek Eng, Ephrem Zewdie, Patrick Ciechanski, Omar Damji, Adam Kirton
OBJECTIVE: Brain stimulation and constraint therapy may enhance function after perinatal stroke but mechanisms are unknown. We characterized interhemispheric interactions (IHI) in hemiparetic children and explored their relationship to motor function and neuromodulation. METHODS: Forty-five hemiparetic perinatal stroke subjects aged 6-19 years completed a clinical trial of repetitive-transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and constraint therapy. Paired-pulse TMS measured IHI in cases and normal controls...
November 26, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287622/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-subjective-tinnitus-a-review-of-the-literature-2014-2016
#20
A Londero, P Bonfils, J P Lefaucheur
Subjective tinnitus is a symptom in many ENT pathologies, for which there is no curative treatment. It may be poorly tolerated by some patients, who develop attention or sleep disorder or even major anxiety and depression, severely impairing quality of life. Pathophysiological models of the genesis and maintenance of tinnitus symptomatology highlight maladaptive cerebral plasticity induced by peripheral hearing loss. Although not fully elucidated, these changes in neuronal activity are the target of various attempts at neuromodulation, particularly using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which has been the focus of various clinical studies and meta-analyses...
December 26, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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