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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775149/added-value-of-multiple-versus-single-sessions-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-predicting-motor-cortex-stimulation-efficacy-for-refractory-neuropathic-pain
#1
Benjamin Pommier, Charles Quesada, Camille Fauchon, Christophe Nuti, François Vassal, Roland Peyron
OBJECTIVE Selection criteria for offering patients motor cortex stimulation (MCS) for refractory neuropathic pain are a critical topic of research. A single session of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been advocated for selecting MCS candidates, but it has a low negative predictive value. Here the authors investigated whether multiple rTMS sessions would more accurately predict MCS efficacy. METHODS Patients included in this longitudinal study could access MCS after at least four rTMS sessions performed 3-4 weeks apart...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773202/impaired-short-term-plasticity-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-pilot-rtms-study
#2
Giuseppe Lanza, Bartolo Lanuzza, Debora Aricò, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Filomena Irene Ilaria Cosentino, Rita Bella, Giovanni Pennisi, Raffaele Ferri, Manuela Pennisi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed an impairment of the LTP-like plasticity to TMS in restless legs syndrome (RLS). Clinically, repetitive TMS (rTMS) was effective in alleviating the sensory-motor complaints of patients, although the effects induced by low-frequency (inhibitory) rTMS have not yet been investigated. An impaired LTD-like mechanism of cortical plasticity has been hypothesized, which we have directly assessed in this pilot study. METHODS: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right first dorsal interosseus muscle were recorded at the stimulus intensity of 110% of the resting motor threshold (rMT) from 13 right-handed patients and ten age-matched right-handed healthy controls...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770146/effects-of-20-hz-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-disorders-of-consciousness-a-resting-state-electroencephalography-study
#3
Fangping He, Min Wu, Fanxia Meng, Yangfan Hu, Jian Gao, Zhongqin Chen, Wangxiao Bao, Kehong Liu, Benyan Luo, Gang Pan
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been proposed as an experimental approach for the treatment of disorders of consciousness (DOC). To date, there has been little research into the use of rTMS in DOC and the therapeutic effects have been variously documented. This study aimed to examine the effects of 20 Hz rTMS on the electroencephalography (EEG) reactivity and clinical response in patients with DOC and to explore the neuromodulatory effects of high-frequency rTMS. In this randomized, sham-controlled, crossover study, real or sham 20 Hz rTMS was applied to the left primary motor cortex (M1) of patients with DOC for 5 consecutive days...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763711/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-adult-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-sham-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Julian Mutz, Daniel R Edgcumbe, Andre R BrunoniMD, Cynthia H Y FuMD
We examined the efficacy and acceptability of non-invasive brain stimulation in adult unipolar and bipolar depression. Randomised sham-controlled trials of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and theta-burst stimulation (TBS), without co-initiation of another treatment, were included. We analysed effects on response, remission, all-cause discontinuation rates and continuous depression severity measures. Fifty-six studies met our criteria for inclusion (N  = 3,058, mean age = 44...
May 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750900/robot-guided-neuronavigated-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-central-neuropathic-pain-an-update-of-long-term-follow-up
#5
Charles Quesada, Benjamin Pommier, Camille Fauchon, Claire Bradley, Christelle Créac'h, François Vassal, Roland Peyron
OBJECTIVE: To confirm and extend previous results involving repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) aimed at alleviating refractory central neuropathic pain(CNP). To evaluate pain relief in detail and to assess ongoing benefits after one year of treatment. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. Outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: 80 patients with chronic central pain after brain or spinal cord injuries...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745544/-research-on-effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-over-primary-motor-cortex-on-functional-connectivity-of-brain
#6
Jingna Jin, Fang Jin, Xin Wang, Zhipeng Liu, Tao Yin
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can influence the stimulated brain regions and other distal brain regions connecting to them. The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of low-frequency rTMS over primary motor cortex on brain by analyzing the brain functional connectivity and coordination between brain regions. 10 healthy subjects were recruited. 1 Hz rTMS was used to stimulate primary motor cortex for 20 min. 1 min resting state electroencephalography (EEG) was collected before and after the stimulation respectively...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744797/the-role-of-medial-prefrontal-cortex-in-processing-emotional-self-referential-information-a-combined-tms-fmri-study
#7
Nicola De Pisapia, Guido Barchiesi, Jorge Jovicich, Luigi Cattaneo
In this study we investigate the neural basis of emotional content in self-referential processing by using a combination of off-line repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) applied to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and whole-brain functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI).We applied effective or ineffective (sham) 1-Hz rTMS to the mPFC of 14 healthy participants who immediately thereafter underwent fMRI while performing a personality attribution task to self or to others. rTMS produced an increase in the participants' reaction time (≈ 60 msec) when processing negative attributes...
May 9, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744058/video-evidence-of-improved-hand-function-following-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-combined-with-physical-therapy-in-stroke-a-case-report
#8
James R Carey, Mo Chen, Christopher D Streib
In a 46-year-old female 6 months poststroke who presented with minimal paretic hand function, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), and exercises considerably improved her function beyond that accomplished with conventional rehabilitation. However, intermittent rTMS (2 sessions/week) was required to sustain the benefits. Research is required to determine the critical frequency of intermittent rTMS needed to sustain functional gains long term.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742385/the-neurocognitive-mechanisms-underlying-food-cravings-and-snack-food-consumption-a-combined-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-ctbs-and-eeg-study
#9
Cassandra J Lowe, William R Staines, Felicia Mannochio, Peter A Hall
Regulation of food cravings is thought to be critical for modulating eating behavior, yet we do not fully understand the mechanisms by which cognitive control operates in the eating context. The current study combined rTMS and EEG paradigms to examine the causal role of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in modulating visceral and behavioral responses to high calorie foods, and the mediational mechanisms underlying this relation. 28 right-handed female participants received both active and sham continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS; a rTMS variant used to decrease cortical activity) targeting the left dlPFC in a counterbalanced order...
May 6, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737182/effect-of-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-patients-with-comorbid-panic-disorder-and-major-depression
#10
Saurabh Kumar, Swarndeep Singh, Arpit Parmar, Rohit Verma, Nand Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) stimulation in the treatment of panic disorder with comorbid depression. METHODS: The present study reports findings from retrospective analysis of 13 treatment-resistant patients diagnosed with comorbid panic disorder and depression, given 20 sessions of high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over left-DLPFC over a period of 1 month. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in both the panic and depressive symptom severity, assessed by applying Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) at baseline and after 20 sessions of rTMS...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736128/mechanism-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-depression
#11
REVIEW
Zhengwu Peng, Cuihong Zhou, Shanshan Xue, Jie Bai, Shoufen Yu, Xiaosa Li, Huaning Wang, Qingrong Tan
Depressive disorder is one of the most common mental health problems currently. However, the mechanism-based treatments for this disorder remain elusive. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive procedure that could stimulate electrical activity by a pulsed magnetic field in the brain, is considered to be an effective treatment for depression. Here, we review the main findings from both clinical and basic research on rTMS for depression, including its antidepressant efficacy, basic principles, as well as its ability to regulate neural circuits, neurotransmitters and brain networks, neurogenesis in hippocampus, and synaptic, and molecular pathways...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734235/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-walking-and-balance-function-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yi Li, Jingjing Fan, Jingyi Yang, Chengqi He, Shasha Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on walking and balance function in patients with stroke. DESIGN: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were comprehensively searched for randomized controlled trials published through March 2017 that investigated the effects of rTMS on lower limb function. Main outcomes included walking speed, balance function, motor function, and cortical excitability...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730846/the-effects-of-rtms-on-impulsivity-in-normal-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Cheng-Chang Yang, Birgit Völlm, Najat Khalifa
Impulsivity is a multi-dimensional construct that is regarded as a symptom of many psychiatric disorders. Harm resulting from impulsive behaviour can be substantial for the individuals concerned, for their social network, and for wider society. Therefore, the importance of developing therapeutic interventions to target impulsivity is paramount. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature from AMED, Embase, Medline, and PsycINFO databases on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy adults to modulate different subdomains (motor, temporal and reflection) of impulsivity...
May 5, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730251/effects-of-prefrontal-theta-burst-stimulation-on-brain-function-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-randomized-sham-controlled-neuroimaging-study
#14
Cheng-Ta Li, Mu-Hong Chen, Chi-Hung Juan, Ren-Shyan Liu, Wei-Chen Lin, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su
BACKGROUND: Theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TBS) can quickly modulate brain activity and can be used to treat treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Whole-brain analytical research has revealed that left high-frequency PFC rTMS modulates brain activity in anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the fronto-cingulo-temporal circuit. We aimed to investigate whether the prefrontal TBS's antidepressant mechanisms involve these regions. METHODS: We designed a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled neuroimaging study to investigate different mechanisms of TBS [i...
April 23, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726344/effectiveness-of-theta-burst-versus-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-patients-with-depression-three-d-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial
#15
Daniel M Blumberger, Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Kevin E Thorpe, Kfir Feffer, Yoshihiro Noda, Peter Giacobbe, Yuliya Knyahnytska, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Jonathan Downar
BACKGROUND: Treatment-resistant major depressive disorder is common; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) by use of high-frequency (10 Hz) left-side dorsolateral prefrontal cortex stimulation is an evidence-based treatment for this disorder. Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a newer form of rTMS that can be delivered in 3 min, versus 37·5 min for a standard 10 Hz treatment session. We aimed to establish the clinical effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of iTBS compared with standard 10 Hz rTMS in adults with treatment-resistant depression...
April 28, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725347/diffusion-tensor-imaging-evaluation-of-neural-network-development-in-patients-undergoing-therapeutic-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-following-stroke
#16
Naoki Yamada, Ryo Ueda, Wataru Kakuda, Ryo Momosaki, Takahiro Kondo, Takuya Hada, Nobuyuki Sasaki, Takatoshi Hara, Atsushi Senoo, Masahiro Abo
We aimed to investigate plastic changes in cerebral white matter structures using diffusion tensor imaging following a 15-day stroke rehabilitation program. We compared the detection of cerebral plasticity between generalized fractional anisotropy (GFA), a novel tool for investigating white matter structures, and fractional anisotropy (FA). Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) of 2400 pulses applied to the nonlesional hemisphere and 240 min intensive occupation therapy (OT) daily over 15 days...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719344/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-the-treatment-of-depression
#17
REVIEW
Yanyan Wei, Junjuan Zhu, Shengke Pan, Hui Su, Hui Li, Jijun Wang
Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a new type of physiotherapy technology that has been widely used in the research of depression. Although many clinical trials have found that compared to the placebo interventions, rTMS has a significant effect on the improvement of depressive symptoms, the outcomes remain inconsistent due to differences in rTMS treatment frequency, parameter settings, and site for stimulation. Aims: This study systematically evaluated the safety and efficacy of rTMS combined with antidepressants for the treatment of depression in Chinese and English randomized, double-blind and sham controlled trials and explored the possible related factors affecting the efficacy and safety...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718776/effect-of-intensive-motor-training-with-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-upper-limb-motor-function-in-chronic-post-stroke-patients-with-severe-upper-limb-motor-impairment
#18
Yuichi Hirakawa, Kazuya Takeda, Shigeo Tanabe, Soichiro Koyama, Ikuo Motoya, Hiroaki Sakurai, Yoshikiyo Kanada, Nobutoshi Kawamura, Mami Kawamura, Junji Nagata, Tetsuo Kanno
Background Intensive motor training with low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has efficacy as a therapeutic method for motor dysfunction of the affected upper limb in patients with mild to moderate stroke. However, it is not clear whether this combination therapy has the same effect in chronic post-stroke patients with severe upper limb motor impairment. Objectives The aim of this study was to test the treatment effects of intensive motor training with low-frequency rTMS in chronic post-stroke patients with severe upper limb motor impairment...
May 2, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712947/resting-state-fmri-study-of-brain-activation-using-low-intensity-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-rats
#19
Bhedita J Seewoo, Kirk W Feindel, Sarah J Etherington, Jennifer Rodger
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique used to treat many neuropsychiatric conditions. However, the mechanisms underlying its mode of action are still unclear. This is the first rodent study using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) to examine low-intensity (LI) rTMS effects, in an effort to provide a direct means of comparison between rodent and human studies. Using anaesthetised Sprague-Dawley rats, rs-fMRI data were acquired before and after control or LI-rTMS at 1 Hz, 10 Hz, continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) or biomimetic high-frequency stimulation (BHFS)...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710767/effects-of-excitatory-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-p3-point-in-chronic-stroke-patients-case-reports
#20
Ronaldo Luis da Silva, Angela Maria Costa de Souza, Francielly Ferreira Santos, Sueli Toshie Inoue, Johanne Higgins, Victor Frak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the international 10⁻20 system P3 point (intraparietal sulcus region) in chronic patients with a frontal lesion and parietal sparing due to stroke on the impaired upper (UL) and lower limb (LL) as measured by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA). METHODS: Three patients (C1: 49.83/2.75, C2: 53.17/3.83, C3: 63.33/3.08-years-old at stroke/years post-stroke, respectively) received two weeks (five days/week) of rTMS at 10 Hz of P3...
April 28, 2018: Brain Sciences
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