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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646713/substance-use-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-agreement-between-medical-records-and-the-assist-questionnaire
#1
Iona K Machado, Paula M Luz, Jordan E Lake, Rodolfo Castro, Luciane Velasque, Jesse L Clark, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Raquel B De Boni
BACKGROUND: Substance use assessment is a challenge in busy clinical settings that may adversely affect HIV-infected persons. This study aimed to evaluate agreement between the medical chart and a standardized substance use screening questionnaire. METHODS: Of adults (n=1050) in HIV care in Rio de Janeiro who completed the World Health Organization's Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), we randomly selected 200 participants for medical chart review...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646537/explaining-infant-feeding-the-role-of-previous-personal-and-vicarious-experience-on-attitudes-subjective-norms-self-efficacy-and-breastfeeding-outcomes
#2
Naomi C Bartle, Kate Harvey
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding confers important health benefits to both infants and their mothers, but rates are low in the United Kingdom and other developed countries despite widespread promotion. This study examined the relationships between personal and vicarious experience of infant feeding, self-efficacy, the theory of planned behaviour variables of attitudes and subjective norm, and the likelihood of breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks post-natally. DESIGN: A prospective questionnaire study of both first-time mothers (n = 77) and experienced breastfeeders (n = 72) recruited at an antenatal clinic in South East England...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646509/resistance-to-group-clinical-supervision-a-semistructured-interview-study-of-non-participating-mental-health-nursing-staff-members
#3
Niels Buus, Cynthia Delgado, Michael Traynor, Henrik Gonge
This present study is a report of an interview study exploring personal views on participating in group clinical supervision among mental health nursing staff members who do not participate in supervision. There is a paucity of empirical research on resistance to supervision, which has traditionally been theorized as a supervisee's maladaptive coping with anxiety in the supervision process. The aim of the present study was to examine resistance to group clinical supervision by interviewing nurses who did not participate in supervision...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#4
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#5
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645071/television-viewing-and-risk-of-mortality-exploring-the-biological-plausibility
#6
Mark Hamer, Thomas Yates, Panayotes Demakakos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Television (TV) viewing is a major component of leisure sedentary time, and has been consistently associated with cardiovascular disease. We examined the extent to which metabolic biomarkers explain the association between TV viewing and mortality. METHODS: Participants (N = 8,451, aged 64.8 ± 9.9 yrs) were drawn from The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a national prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men and women living in England...
June 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644881/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-10-years-after-the-index-pregnancy-in-sri-lankan-women-a-community-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Himali Herath, Rasika Herath, Rajitha Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) later in life compared to women with no GDM. This study was aimed to determine the risk of developing T2DM 10 years after GDM in Sri Lankan women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in the Colombo district, Sri Lanka. 7205 women who delivered a child in 2005 were identified through Public Health Midwives in the field...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#8
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643377/randomized-feasibility-trial-to-improve-hydroxyurea-adherence-in-youth-ages-10-18-years-through-community-health-workers-the-habit-study
#9
Nancy S Green, Deepa Manwani, Sergio Matos, April Hicks, Luisa Soto, Yina Castillo, Karen Ireland, Yvonne Stennett, Sally Findley, Haomiao Jia, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: The main therapeutic intervention for sickle cell disease (SCD) is hydroxyurea (HU). The effect of HU is largely through dose-dependent induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Poor HU adherence is common among adolescents. METHODS: Our 6-month, two-site pilot intervention trial, "HABIT," was led by culturally aligned community health workers (CHWs). CHWs performed support primarily through home visits, augmented by tailored text message reminders. Dyads of youth with SCD ages 10-18 years and a parent were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642857/healthcare-costs-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-korea-information-from-the-national-health-insurance-claims-database-2008-2011
#10
Ha Young Kim, Yong-Chan Ha, Tae-Young Kim, Hyemin Cho, Young-Kyun Lee, Ji-Yeon Baek, Sunmee Jang
BACKGROUND: The present study estimated healthcare costs of osteoporotic fractures including spine, hip, distal radius and humerus in Koreans over 50 years of age using national claims data. METHODS: Korea National Health Insurance data between 2008 and 2011 was searched for all claims records of outpatient visits or hospital admissions of patients ≥50-year-of-age. Osteoporosis-related fractures were identified using certain the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes and site-specific physician claims for procedures in a patient age cut-off value of 50 years...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641721/effective-self-management-interventions-for-patients-with-lupus-potential-impact-of-peer-mentoring
#11
REVIEW
Edith M Williams, Leonard Egede, Trevor Faith, James Oates
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with significant mortality, morbidity and cost for the individual patient and society. In the United States, African Americans (AAs) have 3-4 times greater prevalence of lupus, risk of developing lupus at an earlier age and lupus-related disease activity, organ damage and mortality compared with whites. Evidence-based self-management interventions that incorporate both social support and health education have reduced pain, improved function and delayed disability among patients with lupus...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641712/wireless-the-life-and-death-of-guglielmo-marconi
#12
EDITORIAL
Harold Smulyan, Robert S Pinals, Lisa Pinals, Daniel Villarreal
With little training in physics, Guglielmo Marconi developed the invention that stunned the world by wirelessly connecting ships and continents. Ten years before his death, he sustained a myocardial infarction followed by unmistakable angina pectoris. His personality and unhappy family life limited his ability to cope with his disease and to deal with Italy's most respected physicians. But their descriptions of his diagnosis and management are surprisingly few. Poor record keeping, intentional news suppression of his failing health or limited medical opportunities could be the reason for this lack of information...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641054/behavioural-interventions-to-reduce-nickel-exposure-in-a-nickel-processing-plant
#13
Krassi Rumchev, Helen Brown, Amanda Wheeler, Gavin Pereira, Jeff Spickett
Nickel is a widely used material in many industries. Although, there is enough evidence that occupational exposure to nickel may cause respiratory illnesses, allergies and even cancer, it is not possible to stop the use of nickel in occupational settings. Nickel exposure, however, can be controlled and reduced significantly in workplaces. The main objective of this study was to assess if educational intervention of hygiene behaviour could reduce nickel exposure among Indonesian nickel smelter workers. Participants were randomly assigned to three intervention groups (n = 99)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640678/hurricane-sandy-new-jersey-mortality-rates-in-the-following-month-and-quarter
#14
Soyeon Kim, Prathit A Kulkarni, Mangala Rajan, Pauline Thomas, Stella Tsai, Christina Tan, Amy Davidow
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in mortality after Hurricane Sandy made landfall in New Jersey on October 29, 2012. METHODS: We used electronic death records to describe changes in all-cause and cause-specific mortality overall, in persons aged 76 years or older, and by 3 Sandy impact levels for the month and quarter following Hurricane Sandy compared with the same periods in earlier years adjusted for trends. RESULTS: All-cause mortality increased 6% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2%, 11%) for the month, 5%, 8%, and 12% by increasing Sandy impact level; and 7% (95% CI = 5%, 10%) for the quarter, 5%, 8%, and 15% by increasing Sandy impact level...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639792/emodiversity-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation
#15
Anthony D Ong, Lizbeth Benson, Alex J Zautra, Nilam Ram
There is growing evidence that inflammatory responses may help to explain how emotions get "under the skin" to influence disease susceptibility. Moving beyond examination of individuals' average level of emotion, this study examined how the breadth and relative abundance of emotions that individuals experience-emodiversity-is related to systemic inflammation. Using diary data from 175 adults aged 40 to 65 who provided end-of-day reports of their positive and negative emotions over 30 days, we found that greater diversity in day-to-day positive emotions was associated with lower circulating levels of inflammation (indicated by IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen), independent of mean levels of positive and negative emotions, body mass index, anti-inflammatory medications, medical conditions, personality, and demographics...
June 22, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638834/personalized-consent-flow-in-contemporary-data-sharing-for-medical-research-a-viewpoint
#16
Ester A Rake, Marleen M H J van Gelder, David C Grim, Barend Heeren, Lucien J L P G Engelen, Tom H van de Belt
BACKGROUND: Health data personally collected by individuals with wearable devices and smartphones is becoming an important data source for healthcare, but also for medical research. OBJECTIVE: To describe a new consent model that allows people to control their personally collected health data and determine to what extent they want to share these for research purposes. METHODS: We developed, in close collaboration with patients, researchers, healthcare professionals, privacy experts, and an accredited Medical Ethical Review Committee, an innovative concept called "personalized consent flow" within a research platform connected to a personal health record...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637455/mental-disorders-and-the-use-of-primary-health-care-services-among-homeless-shelter-users-in-the-helsinki-metropolitan-area-finland
#17
Agnes Stenius-Ayoade, Peija Haaramo, Elisabet Erkkilä, Niko Marola, Kirsi Nousiainen, Kristian Wahlbeck, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and health care use. The aim of this study was to examine the role of mental disorders in relation to the use of 1) daytime primary health care services and 2) after hours primary health care emergency room (PHER) services among homeless shelter users in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland. METHODS: The study cohort consists of all 158 homeless persons using the four shelters operating in the study area during two selected nights...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634906/delivery-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-medically-ill-patients-in-primary-care-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Jeffrey A Cully, Melinda A Stanley, Nancy J Petersen, Natalie E Hundt, Michael R Kauth, Aanand D Naik, Kristen Sorocco, Shubhada Sansgiry, Darrell Zeno, Mark E Kunik
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the practical effectiveness and implementation potential of brief psychotherapies that integrate mental and physical health. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an integrated brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT), delivered by mental health providers in primary care, would improve depression, anxiety and quality of life for medically ill veterans. DESIGN: Pragmatic patient-randomized trial comparing bCBT to enhanced usual care (EUC)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634363/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#19
E Hedgeman, S P Ulrichsen, S Carter, N C Kreher, K P Malobisky, M M Braun, J Fryzek, M S Olsen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects growth, sexual development, cognitive function and behavior. Individuals exhibit food preoccupation and hyperphagia, which may lead to obesity with premature morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolisms (VTE), myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety and all-cause mortality among persons with PWS as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population cohort...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#20
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
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