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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810986/cancer-incidence-among-patients-of-the-u-s-veterans-affairs-health-care-system-2010-update
#1
Leah L Zullig, Kellie J Sims, Rebecca McNeil, Christina D Williams, George L Jackson, Dawn Provenzale, Michael J Kelley
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 50,000 incident cancer cases are reported in Veterans Affairs (VA) Central Cancer Registry (VACCR) annually. This article provides an updated report of cancer incidence recorded in VACCR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from VACCR for incident cancers diagnosed in the VA health care system, focusing on 2010 data. Cancer incidence among VA patients is described by anatomical site, sex, race, stage, and geographic location, and was compared to the general U...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809652/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
Catherine Verrier Piersol, Kerry Canton, Susan E Connor, Ilana Giller, Stacy Lipman, Suzanne Sager
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the evidence review was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease and related major neurocognitive disorders that facilitate the ability to maintain participation in the caregiver role. METHOD: Scientific literature published in English between January 2006 and April 2014 was reviewed. Databases included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808283/drug-induced-extrapyramidal-symptoms-scale-diepss-serbian-language-version-inter-rater-and-test-retest-reliability
#3
Ami Peljto, Ljubica Zamurovic, Milica Pejovic Milovancevic, Branko Aleksic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski, Toshiya Inada
Drug-induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale (DIEPSS) is developed in the era of second-generation antipsychotics and is suitable for evaluation of the low incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms occurring in the treatment of atypical antipsychotics, as well as the relationship between personal and social functioning. The study was carried out at the Institute of Mental Health in Serbia in 2015 Study used the 127 DIEPSS video clips material, recorded from 1987 till 2015. Four raters performed the assessment simultaneously, individually rating one assigned item immediately after seeing the video clip...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#4
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#5
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805423/patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-utilization-among-community-dwelling-medicare-beneficiaries-under-65
#6
Jingjing Qian, Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Richard A Hansen
This study estimated patterns and trends in all-cause (any reason, including psychiatry related) and psychiatric emergency department (ED) utilization among Medicare beneficiaries under 65 who were residing in community settings (i.e., noninstitutionalized or in their own homes). Medicare beneficiaries under the age of 65 enrolled in Medicare for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) due to permanent physical or mental disabilities are a population with poor health conditions and high utilization of health services; however, this vulnerable population has received limited attention from researchers and policymakers compared to the Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#7
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805418/adaptation-of-a-nursing-home-culture-change-research-instrument-for-frontline-staff-quality-improvement-use
#8
Christine W Hartmann, Jennifer A Palmer, Whitney L Mills, Camilla B Pimentel, Rebecca S Allen, Nancy J Wewiorski, Kristen R Dillon, A Lynn Snow
Enhanced interpersonal relationships and meaningful resident engagement in daily life are central to nursing home cultural transformation, yet these critical components of person-centered care may be difficult for frontline staff to measure using traditional research instruments. To address the need for easy-to-use instruments to help nursing home staff members evaluate and improve person-centered care, the psychometric method of cognitive-based interviewing was used to adapt a structured observation instrument originally developed for researchers and nursing home surveyors...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804519/dealing-with-the-death-of-a-long-term-patient-what-is-the-impact-and-how-do-podiatrists-cope
#9
Kristy Robson, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: It is common for podiatrists and patients to develop long term professional relationships. Patient's decline in health or death may impact a practitioner's mental wellbeing. This research aimed to understand the impact of long term patient death on podiatrists and identify coping strategies. METHOD: Australian podiatrists were eligible to participate if they had been practicing longer than 5 years and experienced the death of a long term patient in the previous 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803270/costs-of-vitamin-d-testing-and-prescribing-among-children-in-primary-care
#10
Emre Basatemur, Rachael Hunter, Laura Horsfall, Alastair Sutcliffe, Greta Rait
Vitamin D has attracted considerable interest in recent years, with a marked increase in diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency seen among children in clinical practice in the UK. The economic implications of this change in diagnostic behaviour have not been explored. We performed a cohort study to examine longitudinal trends in healthcare expenditure arising from vitamin D testing and prescribing for children in primary care in England, using the electronic healthcare records of 722,525 children aged 0-17 years held in The Health Improvement Network database...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802637/blood-pressure-responses-to-dietary-sodium-association-with-autonomic-cardiovascular-function-in-normotensive-adults
#11
Evan L Matthews, Michael S Brian, David G Edwards, Sean D Stocker, Megan M Wenner, William B Farquhar
Blood pressure responses to dietary sodium vary widely person-to-person. Salt sensitive rodent models display altered autonomic function, a trait thought to contribute to poor cardiovascular health. Thus, we hypothesized that increased salt sensitivity (SS) in normotensive humans would be associated with increased muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), decreased high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), and decreased baroreflex sensitivity. Healthy normotensive men and women completed 1week of high (300mmol·day(-1)) and 1week of low (20mmol·day(-1)) dietary sodium (random order) with 24h mean arterial pressure (MAP) assessed on the last day of each diet to assess SS...
August 6, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798013/an-electronic-health-record-based-strategy-to-systematically-assess-medication-use-among-primary-care-patients-with-multidrug-regimens-feasibility-study
#12
Stacy Cooper Bailey, Christine U Oramasionwu, Alexandra C Infanzon, Emily R Pfaff, Izabela E Annis, Daniel S Reuland
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence and misuse are public health and patient safety concerns. With the increased adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), greater opportunities exist to communicate directly with, and collect data from, patients through secure portals linked to EHRs. OBJECTIVE: The study objectives were to develop and pilot test a method of monitoring patient medication use in outpatient settings and determine the feasibility and acceptability of this approach...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796982/-causes-of-death-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-1-19-in-poland-in-the-light-of-international-statistics-since-2000
#13
Joanna Mazur, Marta Malinowska-Cieślik, Anna Oblacińska
BACKGROUND: Analyses of children and young people mortality continue to be an important component of health monitoring of this population. Such analyses provide the basis to assess the overall trends, the structure of the causes of death over longer periods, and the differences between Poland and other countries. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study is to present the current status and the direction of changes since 2000 with regard to the level and underlying causes of mortality in children and adolescents aged 1-19 years in Poland on the background of statistics for leading European countries...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796756/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-coccidioidomycosis-california-2016
#14
Gail Sondermeyer Cooksey, Alyssa Nguyen, Kirsten Knutson, Farzaneh Tabnak, Kaitlin Benedict, Orion McCotter, Seema Jain, Duc Vugia
Coccidioidomycosis, or Valley Fever, is an infectious disease caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores (1). This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic in the southwestern United States, with most (97%) U.S. cases reported from Arizona and California (1,2). Following an incubation period of 1-3 weeks, symptomatic patients most often experience self-limited, influenza-like symptoms, but coccidioidomycosis also can lead to severe pulmonary disease and to rare cases of disseminated disease, including meningitis (1)...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795666/-value-of-serum-crispld2-levels-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-evaluation-of-sepsis-patients
#15
Lai Wang, Xiufen Yang, Shuli Zhang, Mengsha Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain-containing 2 (CRISPLD2) in diagnosis and prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: Clinical data of patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the severity of sepsis, the patients were divided into three groups: sepsis patients, severe sepsis patients and septic shock patients, and 100 healthy persons were enrolled as control group...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791983/a-descriptive-study-of-the-morbidity-pattern-of-older-persons-presenting-at-a-geriatric-centre-in-southwestern-nigeria
#16
E O Cadmus, L A Adebusoye, O O Olowookere, O G Oluwatosin, E T Owoaje, T O Alonge
CONTEXT: Rapid population ageing is a demographic reality in most countries of the world. Old age is associated with changes which may culminate in health problems, necessitating provision of appropriate preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services. However, reports from many low- and middle-income countries have shown lack of preparedness to cater for the healthcare needs of older persons. AIM: This study described the morbidity profile and its determinants among persons aged 60 years and above who presented at an established geriatric centre in southwestern Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790810/indices-of-iron-homeostasis-correlate-with-airway-obstruction-in-an-nhanes-iii-cohort
#17
Andrew J Ghio, Elizabeth D Hilborn
Cigarette smoking results in the accumulation of iron both systemically and locally, in the lung thereby causing imbalance in iron homeostasis. This disruption in iron homeostasis can be associated with oxidative stress and consequent tissue injury. Therefore, in this study, we tested the association between iron homeostasis and airway obstruction by examining a large cohort of smokers and non-smokers for relationships between 1) serum ferritin and iron concentrations and transferrin saturation and 2) forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and their ratio (FEV1/FVC)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789649/intentional-injury-among-the-indigenous-and-total-populations-in-british-columbia-canada-trends-over-time-and-ecological-analyses-of-risk
#18
M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Mariana Brussoni, Christopher E Lalonde, Rod McCormick
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore intentional injury disparity between Indigenous populations and the total population in the province of British Columbia (BC), Canada. We focus on hospitalizations, including both self-inflicted injuries and injuries inflicted by others. METHODS: We used data from BC's universal health care insurance plan, 1991 to 2010, linked to Vital Statistics databases. Indigenous people were identified through the insurance premium group, and birth and death records...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783458/tele-ophthalmology-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Atsushi Kawaguchi, Noha Sharafeldin, Aishwarya Sundaram, Sandy Campbell, Matthew Tennant, Christopher Rudnisky, Ezekiel Weis, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND: To synthesize high-quality evidence to compare traditional in-person screening and tele-ophthalmology screening. METHODS: Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The intervention of interest was any type of tele-ophthalmology, including screening of diseases using remote devices. Studies involved patients receiving care from any trained provider via tele-ophthalmology, compared with those receiving equivalent face-to-face care...
August 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782336/willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-malaysia-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#20
Adam Bourne, Matteo Cassolato, Clayton Koh Thuan Wei, Bangyuan Wang, Joselyn Pang, Sin How Lim, Iskandar Azwa, Ilias Yee, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV in Malaysia. Recent success has been observed within demonstration projects examining the efficacy of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an antiretroviral -based medication taken by HIV-negative men to prevent sero-conversion. In order for such promising findings to be translated in real-world settings, it is important to understand the acceptability of PrEP, including perceived barriers to access or uptake...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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