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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222339/everyday-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-caused-by-hippocampal-sclerosis
#1
Patrícia Rzezak, Ellen Marise Lima, Ana Carolina Gargaro, Erica Coimbra, Silvia de Vincentiis, Tonicarlo Rodrigues Velasco, João Pereira Leite, Geraldo F Busatto, Kette D Valente
OBJECTIVE: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy caused by hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) have episodic memory impairment. Memory has rarely been evaluated using an ecologic measure, even though performance on these tests is more related to patients' memory complaints. We aimed to measure everyday memory of patients with TLE-HS to age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: We evaluated 31 patients with TLE-HS and 34 healthy controls, without epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, using the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), Visual Reproduction (WMS-III) and Logical Memory (WMS-III)...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219609/neuroscience-in-gambling-policy-and-treatment-an-interdisciplinary-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Murat Yücel, Adrian Carter, Amy R Allen, Bernard Balleine, Luke Clark, Nicki A Dowling, Sally M Gainsbury, Anna E Goudriaan, Jon Grant, Alan Hayes, David Hodgins, Ruth van Holst, Ralph Lattimore, Charles Livingstone, Valentina Lorenzetti, Dan Lubman, Carsten Murawski, Linden Parkes, Nancy Petry, Robin Room, Bruce Singh, Anna Thomas, Phil Townshend, George Youssef, Wayne Hall
Neuroscientific explanations of gambling disorder can help people make sense of their experiences and guide the development of psychosocial interventions. However, the societal perceptions and implications of these explanations are not always clear or helpful. Two workshops in 2013 and 2014 brought together multidisciplinary researchers aiming to improve the clinical and policy-related effects of neuroscience research on gambling. The workshops revealed that neuroscience can be used to improve identification of the dangers of products used in gambling...
February 14, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219372/impact-of-a-clinical-program-using-weekly-short-message-service-sms-on-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-support-in-south-africa-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Nathan Georgette, Mark J Siedner, Carter R Petty, Brian C Zanoni, Stephen Carpenter, Jessica E Haberer
BACKGROUND: In randomized controlled trials, short message service (SMS) programs have improved adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART). In response, the World Health Organization recommended use of SMS programs to support ART. However, there is limited data on real-world implementations of SMS programs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of an SMS program to improve ART adherence in a government-run HIV clinic in rural South Africa. We analyzed data from all adult patients who 1) enrolled at the clinic before the observation period (July 2013 through June 2014), 2) had ≥1 ART prescriptions in the observation period, and 3) had data on phone number availability (N = 2255)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216885/simultaneous-determination-of-eight-phenolic-acids-five-saponins-and-four-tanshinones-for-quality-control-of-compound-preparations-containing-danshen-sanqi-herb-pair-by-hplc-dad
#4
Hong Yao, Xiaomei Huang, Shaoguang Li, Youjia Wu, Xinhua Lin, Peiying Shi
BACKGROUND: The herb-pair, Salviaemiltiorrhizae (Danshen, DS) and Panaxnotoginseng (Sanqi,SQ), often occurs in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinics in Asian areas. Many commercial preparations containing the DS-SQ herb-pair were produced by various manufactures with the different production process. The raw materials were from different sources, which raised a challenge to control the quality of the herb-pair medicines...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213888/transfusion-in-critical-care-a-uk-regional-audit-of-current-practice
#5
J O M Plumb, M G Taylor, E Clissold, M P W Grocott, R Gill
A consistent message within critical care publications has been that a restrictive transfusion strategy is non-inferior, and possibly superior, to a liberal strategy for stable, non-bleeding critically ill patients. Translation into clinical practice has, however, been slow. Here, we describe the degree of adherence to UK best practice guidelines in a regional network of nine intensive care units within Wessex. All transfusions given during a 2-month period were included (n = 444). Those given for active bleeding or within 24 h of major surgery, trauma or gastrointestinal bleeding were excluded (n = 148)...
February 18, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202428/patient-use-of-electronic-prescription-refill-and-secure-messaging-and-its-association-with-undetectable-hiv-viral-load-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
D Keith McInnes, Stephanie L Shimada, Amanda M Midboe, Kim M Nazi, Shibei Zhao, Justina Wu, Casey M Garvey, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Electronic personal health records (PHRs) can support patient self-management of chronic conditions. Managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load, through taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial to long term survival of persons with HIV. Many persons with HIV have difficulty adhering to their ART over long periods of time. PHRs contribute to chronic disease self-care and may help persons with HIV remain adherent to ART. Proportionally veterans with HIV are among the most active users of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) PHR, called My HealtheVet...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194195/effect-of-mobile-parenting-skills-education-on-anxiety-of-the-mothers-with-autistic-children
#8
Zahra Hajiabolhasani-Nargani, Mostafa Najafi, Tayebeh Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: The parents of autistic children suffer from anxiety and tension. Unawareness of parenting skills required for autistic children (parenting) doubles their anxiety. Researchers have recently considered research on mobile education, especially mobile text messages. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of mobile parenting skills education on the anxiety of mothers with autistic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a clinical trial conducted on 64 mothers of children suffering from autism who had a medical file...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194188/primum-non-nocere-first-do-no-harm-and-then-feed-peanut
#9
Kyla Jade Hildebrand, Elissa Michele Abrams, Timothy K Vander Leek, Julia Elizabeth Mainwaring Upton, Douglas P Mack, Linda Kirste, Christine McCusker, Sandeep Kapur
The Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States-Report of the NIAID-Sponsored Expert Panel were developed to build on previous food allergy guidelines after several key studies demonstrated the benefit of early introduction of allergenic foods. These landmark studies including the Learning Early about Peanut (LEAP), LEAP-On and Enquiring about Tolerance trials created a paradigm shift in food allergy prevention. The "take home" messages of this guideline include that peanut should be introduced early in the first year of life, and for the majority of infants, peanut can be introduced at home...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188596/treatment-adherence-intervention-studies-in-dermatology-and-guidance-on-how-to-support-adherence
#10
REVIEW
Steven R Feldman, Bernard Vrijens, Uwe Gieler, Stefano Piaserico, Lluís Puig, Peter van de Kerkhof
Adequate adherence to prescribed treatment regimens can help to break the cycle of treatment failure, disease progression and subsequent treatment escalation. Unfortunately, adherence in the treatment of skin disorders such as acne, atopic dermatitis/eczema and psoriasis is often inadequate. A review of the literature identified a number of studies that tested an intervention to improve adherence in dermatology, including the following: electronic messages and/or reminders; more frequent or 'extra' clinic visits; audio-visual and internet-based interventions; and patient support programmes and/or self-management, educational training programmes...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187895/parallel-definition-of-tear-film-maps-on-distributed-memory-clusters-for-the-support-of-dry-eye-diagnosis
#11
Jorge González-Domínguez, Beatriz Remeseiro, María J Martín
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the interference patterns on the tear film lipid layer is a useful clinical test to diagnose dry eye syndrome. This task can be automated with a high degree of accuracy by means of the use of tear film maps. However, the time required by the existing applications to generate them prevents a wider acceptance of this method by medical experts. Multithreading has been previously successfully employed by the authors to accelerate the tear film map definition on multicore single-node machines...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186023/randomized-trial-of-population-based-clinical-decision-support-to-facilitate-care-transitions
#12
Eric L Eisenstein, Janese M Willis, Rex Edwards, Kevin J Anstrom, Kensaku Kawamoto, Guilherme Del Fiol, Fred S Johnson, David F Lobach
Medicaid beneficiaries in 6 North Carolina counties were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 clinical decision support (CDS) care transition strategies: (1) usual care (Control), (2) CDS messaging to patients and their medical homes (Reports), or (3) CDS messaging to patients, their medical homes, and their care managers (Reports+). We included 7146 Medicaid patients and evaluated transitions from specialist visit, ER and hospital encounters back to the patient's medical home. Patients enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid were not eligible...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185765/proceedings-of-the-2016-santa-fe-bone-symposium-new-concepts-in-the-management-of-osteoporosis-and-metabolic-bone-diseases
#13
REVIEW
E Michael Lewiecki, John P Bilezikian, Susan V Bukata, Pauline Camacho, Bart L Clarke, Michael R McClung, Paul D Miller, John Shepherd
The Santa Fe Bone Symposium is an annual meeting of healthcare professionals and clinical researchers that details the clinical relevance of advances in knowledge of skeletal diseases. The 17th Santa Fe Bone Symposium was held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, on August 5-6, 2016. The program included plenary lectures, oral presentations by endocrinology fellows, meet-the-professor sessions, and panel discussions, all aimed to provide ample opportunity for interactive discussions among all participants. Symposium topics included recent developments in the translation of basic bone science to patient care, new clinical practice guidelines for postmenopausal osteoporosis, management of patients with disorders of phosphate metabolism, new and emerging treatments for rare bone diseases, strategies to enhance fracture healing, and an update on Bone Health Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes, using a teleconferencing platform to elevate the level of knowledge of healthcare professionals in underserved communities to deliver best practice care for skeletal diseases...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184317/adherence-to-medication-in-the-community-audit-cycle-of-interventions-to-improve-the-assessment-of-adherence
#14
REVIEW
Saeed Farooq, Abid Choudry
Aims and method To investigate whether medication adherence is monitored during follow-up in out-patient reviews. A retrospective audit was carried out with a sample of 50 follow-up patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Following this, interventions were made prior to the re-audit (including text messaging clinicians and prompt sheets in the out-patient department to encourage adherence discussions). Results There was an improvement on all the standards set for this audit following the interventions...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182131/getting-patients-in-the-door-medical-appointment-reminder-preferences
#15
Trisha M Crutchfield, Christine E Kistler
PURPOSE: Between 23% and 34% of outpatient appointments are missed annually. Patients who frequently miss medical appointments have poorer health outcomes and are less likely to use preventive health care services. Missed appointments result in unnecessary costs and organizational inefficiencies. Appointment reminders may help reduce missed appointments; particular types may be more effective than other types. We used a survey with a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to learn why individuals miss appointments and to assess appointment reminder preferences...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178913/training-us-health-care-professionals-on-human-trafficking-where-do-we-go-from-here
#16
Clydette Powell, Kirsten Dickins, Hanni Stoklosa
: Some 21 million adults and children are labor-trafficked or sex-trafficked through force, fraud, or coercion. In recognition of the interface between trafficking victims and the healthcare setting, over the last 10 years there has been a notable increase in training of health care professionals (HCPs) on human trafficking (HT) and its health implications. Many organizations have developed curricula and offered training in various clinical settings. However, methods and content of this education on trafficking vary widely, and there is little evaluation of the impact of the training...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167567/environmental-and-psychosocial-barriers-to-and-benefits-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-kenya
#17
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Kenya; limited cervical cancer screening services may be a factor. Few studies have examined men's and women's perceptions on environmental and psychosocial barriers and benefits related to screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, 60 women aged 25-49 years and 40 male partners participated in 10 focus groups (6 female and 4 male), in both rural and urban settings (Nairobi and Nyanza, Kenya), to explore perceptions about barriers to and benefits of cervical cancer screening...
February 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163853/bilateral-cryptorchidism-a-rare-presentation-for-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome
#18
Abdullah Al-Faris, Mosleh Jabari, Mohammed Al-Sayed, Hassan Al-Shehri
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, sex-limited, autosomal recessive disorder representing male pseudo-hermaphroditism. It is observed in males with the presence of female reproductive organs such as the uterus, cervix, and bilateral fallopian tubes along with normally developed male reproductive organs. It generally occurs during embryogenesis due to mutation in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) gene, i.e., AMH gene or AMH receptor (AMHR2) gene. The present case reports a male infant with inflammation in the right groin who was admitted to Security Forces Hospital in 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163852/intention-of-continuing-to-use-the-hospital-information-system-integrating-the-elaboration-likelihood-social-influence-and-cognitive-learning
#19
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Hashem Mohamadian, Niloufar Sohrabi
INTRODUCTION: Anticipating effective factors in information system acceptance by using persuasive messages, is one of the main issues less focused on so far. This is one of the first attempts at using the elaboration-likelihood model combined with the perception of emotional, cognitive, self-efficacy, informational and normative influence constructs, in order to investigate the determinants of intention to continue use of the hospital information system in Iran. METHODS: The present study is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161601/messages-from-the-first-international-conference-on-clinical-metagenomics-iccmg
#20
Etienne Ruppé, Gilbert Greub, Jacques Schrenzel
Metagenomics is recently entering in the clinical microbiology and an increasing number of diagnostic laboratories are now proposing the sequencing & annotation of bacterial genomes and/or the analysis of clinical samples by direct or PCR-based metagenomics with short time to results. In this context, the first International Conference on Clinical Metagenomics (ICCMg) was held in Geneva in October 2016 and several key aspects have been discussed including: i) the need for improved resolution, ii) the importance of interpretation given the common occurrence of sequence contaminants, iii) the need for improved bioinformatic pipelines, iv) the bottleneck of DNA extraction, v) the importance of gold standards, vi) the need to further reduce time to results, vii) how to improve data sharing, viii) the applications of bacterial genomics and clinical metagenomics in better adapting therapeutics and ix) the impact of metagenomics and new sequencing technologies in discovering new microbes...
February 1, 2017: Microbes and Infection
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