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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924279/value-of-leucine-rich-alpha-2-glycoprotein-1-lrg-1-on-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-in-female-patients-with-right-lower-quadrant-abdominal-pain
#1
Osman Lutfi Demirci, Yunsur Cevik, Seref Kerem Corbacioglu, Alpaslan Taner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic usefulness of leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein-1 in female patients with acute abdominal pain on right lower-quadrant and acute appendicitis. METHODS: The prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at the emergency department of Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, during a two-month period in 2014, and comprised patients with acute abdominal pain in right lower-quadrant, and control subjects. Female patients aged 18-60 years who were admitted to the hospital's emergency department were included...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923678/a-case-report-on-gastric-volvulus-of-a-17-years-old-boy-from-bangladesh
#2
M Tasdik Hasan, S M Tajdit Rahman, Hasan M Shihab, Hassan Rushekh Mahmood, Tanni Chowdhury, Quamrul Akhtar Sanju
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is a rare and true surgical emergency which is life threatening if not recognized and treated quickly. There have been approximately 300 reported cases globally till now. This condition most often occurs during 5th decade of life but there are over 100 reported pediatric cases also. This following rare incidence was such a case of a young patient in Bangladesh. It was the first case of gastric volvulus managed by the surgery department of the concerned hospital...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921009/radiation-overexposure-from-repeated-ct-scans-in-young-adults-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#3
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Valconi, Angelo Vanzulli, Roberto Bianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the dose of ionizing radiation caused by repeated CT scans performed to investigate non-traumatic acute abdominal conditions in young adults. METHODS: Over 26 months, we collected a cohort of patients aged 18 to 45 years who were subject to at least one urgent contrast-enhanced abdomen/pelvis CT. Patients affected with urolithiasis, HIV infection, tumors, and vascular and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases were excluded...
September 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920530/chronic-ileitis-with-transmural-migration-of-ingested-foreign-body-treated-by-laparoscopy
#4
Garima Govind, H P Priyantha Siriwardana, Elias Sdralis, Manisha Ram, Peng Lee, Alexandros Charalabopoulos
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of foreign bodies such as fish bone or chicken bone is relatively common in adults; however, resultant transmural migration is extremely rare. METHODS: We present a case of a 79-year-old woman with chronic low-grade abdominal pain, worsening over the last 4 days. Computed tomography revealed segmental small bowel wall thickening with chronic inflammation suggestive of Crohn's ileitis and oral steroids were commenced; only later, ingestion of a foreign body was suspected...
September 17, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915205/postoperative-pain-after-laparoscopic-repair-of-primary-umbilical-hernia-titanium-tacks-versus-absorbable-tacks-a-prospective-comparative-cohort-analysis-of-80-patients-with-a-long-term-follow-up
#5
Vincent M A Stirler, Erol G Nallayici, Robbert J de Haas, Johan T F J Raymakers, Srdjan Rakic
We investigated if a novel fixation device with absorbable tacks (Securestrap) causes less early and chronic postoperative pain after laparoscopic repair with a double-crown mesh fixation of ventral abdominal wall hernia when compared with the standard fixation device with nonabsorbable titanium tacks (Protack). The primary outcome measure was early postoperative pain at 2, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively. The secondary outcome measure was chronic postoperative pain measured ≥18 months after surgery. Pain levels were assessed using a visual analog scale ranging from 0 (no pain) to 100 mm (excruciating pain)...
September 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914984/hypercalcemic-disorders-in-children
#6
REVIEW
Victoria J Stokes, Morten F Nielsen, Fadil M Hannan, Rajesh V Thakker
Hypercalcemia is defined as a serum calcium concentration that is greater than 2 standard deviations above the normal mean, which in children may vary with age and sex, reflecting changes in the normal physiology at each developmental stage. Hypercalcemic disorders in children may present with hypotonia, poor feeding, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, lethargy, polyuria, dehydration, failure to thrive and seizures. In severe cases renal failure, pancreatitis and reduced consciousness may also occur and older children and adolescents may present with psychiatric symptoms...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914180/symptoms-based-phenotypes-among-women-with-dysmenorrhea-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Chen X Chen, Susan Ofner, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Kristine L Kwekkeboom, Janet S Carpenter
Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent and may increase women's risk for developing other chronic pain conditions. Although it is highly variable, symptom-based dysmenorrhea phenotypes have not been identified. The aims of the study were to identify symptom-based dysmenorrhea phenotypes and examine their relationships with demographic and clinical characteristics. In a cross-sectional study, 762 women with dysmenorrhea rated severity of 14 dysmenorrhea-related symptoms. Using latent class analysis, we identified three distinctive phenotypes...
September 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911142/deficient-endogenous-glucose-production-during-exercise-after-total-pancreatectomy-islet-autotransplantation
#8
Lindsey D Bogachus, Elizabeth Oseid, Melena Bellin, Adrian Vella, R Paul Robertson
Context: Total pancreatectomy followed by intrahepatic islet autotransplantation (TP/IAT) is performed to alleviate severe, unrelenting abdominal pain caused by chronic pancreatitis, to improve quality of life, and to prevent diabetes. Objective: To determine the cause of exercise-induced hypoglycemia that is a common complaint in TP/IAT recipients. Design: Participants completed 1 hour of steady-state exercise. Setting: Hospital research unit...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902786/diagnosing-chronic-pancreatitis-comparison-and-evaluation-of-different-diagnostic-tools
#9
Yama Issa, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Susan van Dieren, Marc G Besselink, Marja A Boermeester, Usama Ahmed Ali
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the M-ANNHEIM, Büchler, and Lüneburg diagnostic tools for chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the development of CP was performed in a prospectively collected multicenter cohort including 669 patients after a first episode of acute pancreatitis. We compared the individual components of the M-ANNHEIM, Büchler, and Lüneburg tools, the agreement between tools, and estimated diagnostic accuracy using Bayesian latent-class analysis...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899741/small-bowel-stenosis-a-manifestation-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-in-children
#10
Mickael Tordjman, Marie Ouachee, Arnaud Bonnard, Bogdana Tilea, Karima Yakouben, Jerome Viala, Michel Peuchmaur, Dominique Berrebi
Digestive graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a frequent complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), but small bowel obstruction is an extremely rare event. We present herein the first pediatric series of 4 cases of small bowel obstruction after BMT with detailed gross, histological data and their genetic status of the NOD2 gene. All patients had a history of severe acute GVHD treated by immunosuppressive agents and/or infliximab (in 3 cases). Acute or progressively worsening abdominal pain accompanied by small bowel occlusion occurred 5-16months after graft and CT-scan revealed multiple small intestinal stenosis...
September 9, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891837/an-acute-care-approach-to-functional-abdominal-pain
#11
Edward Krajicek, Stephanie Hansel
Functional abdominal pain disorders are commonly seen in the acute care setting and can be a source of frustration for patients and providers given their inherent chronic nature. However, an understanding of both the general approach to these disorders and the approach to specific common subtypes can help alleviate this frustration and lead to both short-term and long-term therapeutic success. This article describes the pathophysiology of these disorders and outlines a diagnostic and therapeutic approach to commonly seen functional abdominal pain disorders in adults...
September 7, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889146/celiac-disease-in-saudi-children-evaluation-of-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
#12
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri, Hebah Assiri, Anhar Ullah, Mohsin Rashid
 Objectives: To characterize the clinical presentations and diagnosis including serological tests and histopathological findings in children with celiac disease. Methods: All children (less than 18 years) with confirmed celiac disease diagnosed over a 6 year period at a private tertiary care health care center in Riyadh,  Saudi Arabia were studied retrospectively. Information collected included demographics, clinical presentation and diagnostic modalities with serology and small intestinal histology reported by Marsh grading...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888796/laparoscopic-treatment-of-gastroparesis-a-single-center-experience
#13
Kotaro Wakamatsu, Federico Perez Quirante, Lisandro Montorfano, Emanuele Lo Menzo, Yasuyuki Seto, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis (GP) is a chronic disorder of gastric motility with delayed gastric emptying. Gastric electrical stimulator (GES) implantation and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are surgical options for medically refractory GP. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate operational outcomes and symptom improvement of patients with diabetic (DM) and idiopathic (IP) GP. SETTING: University Hospital, United States. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent surgical treatment of GP from February 2003 to December 2014...
July 29, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#14
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882616/screening-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-spondyloarthritis-for-referring-patients-between-rheumatology-and-gastroenterology
#15
Jesús Sanz Sanz, Xavier Juanola Roura, Daniel Seoane-Mato, Miguel Montoro, Fernando Gomollón
OBJECTIVE: To define clinical screening criteria for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, which can be used as a reference for referring them to the rheumatology or gastroenterology service. METHOD: Systematic literature review and a two-round Delphi method. The scientific committee and the expert panel were comprised of 2 rheumatologists and 2 gastroenterologists, and 7 rheumatologists and 7 gastroenterologists, respectively...
September 4, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882559/enhancement-of-s1p-induced-contractile-response-in-detrusor-smooth-muscle-of-rats-having-cystitis
#16
Irfan Anjum, Merve Denizalti, Hilmi Burak Kandilci, Nezahat Tugba Durlu-Kandilci, Inci Sahin-Erdemli
Interstitial cystitis is a chronic disease characterized by lower abdominal pain and some nonspecific symptoms including an increase in urinary frequency and urgency. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid that controls smooth muscle tone via G-protein coupled receptors (S1P1-3 receptors). S1P production is known to take place both in physiological states and some pathological situations, such as in overactive bladder syndrome. The intracellular mechanism of S1P-induced contractile response was investigated in β-escin permeabilized detrusor smooth muscle of rats having cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880010/chronic-pancreatitis
#17
REVIEW
Jorg Kleeff, David C Whitcomb, Tooru Shimosegawa, Irene Esposito, Markus M Lerch, Thomas Gress, Julia Mayerle, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Vinciane Rebours, Fatih Akisik, J Enrique Domínguez Muñoz, John P Neoptolemos
Chronic pancreatitis is defined as a pathological fibro-inflammatory syndrome of the pancreas in individuals with genetic, environmental and/or other risk factors who develop persistent pathological responses to parenchymal injury or stress. Potential causes can include toxic factors (such as alcohol or smoking), metabolic abnormalities, idiopathic mechanisms, genetics, autoimmune responses and obstructive mechanisms. The pathophysiology of chronic pancreatitis is fairly complex and includes acinar cell injury, acinar stress responses, duct dysfunction, persistent or altered inflammation, and/or neuro-immune crosstalk, but these mechanisms are not completely understood...
September 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877100/abdominal-pain-and-vomiting
#18
Joshua McCambridge, Peter Wang
Abdominal ultrasound of a 28-year-old man with chronic abdominal pain and vomiting demonstrates a dilated aperistaltic distal esophagus, which was confirmed on follow-up esophagram as achalasia. The 2 main types of achalasia are primary and secondary. Primary achalasia occurs with the loss of postganglionic neurons resulting in failed distal esophageal relaxation. Secondary achalasia is esophageal narrowing due to nondenervation causes. The diagnosis of achalasia is typically made with manometry and barium esophagram...
September 4, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875827/multiple-myeloma-associated-intestinal-amyloidosis-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-falsely-considered-as-an-ascites
#19
Vladimir Milivojevic, Maja Stojanovic, Ivan Rankovic, Marjan Micev, Rada Jesic Vukicevic, Tomica Milosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Amyloidosis is a group of diseases pathohistologicaly diagnosed by characteristic extracellular deposition of an abnormal fibrillary protein (i.e. amyloid) into organs, leading to organ dysfunction secondary to destruction of normal tissue architecture. METHOD: Case-report of a 44 year-old female, presenting with massive abdominal distension clinically suspected of ascites. RESULTS: On admission, the patient was complaining of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, distension and bloating associated with weight loss and diarrhea...
August 29, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865667/quality-of-life-functional-status-and-adhesiolysis-during-elective-abdominal-surgery
#20
Chema Strik, Martijn W J Stommel, Jeroen C Hol, Harry van Goor, Richard P G Ten Broek
BACKGROUND: Adhesiolysis during abdominal surgery can cause iatrogenic organ injury, increased operative time and a more complicated convalescence. We assessed the impact of adhesiolysis and adhesiolysis-related complications on quality of life and functional status following elective abdominal surgery. METHODS: Prospective cohort study, comparing patients requiring and not requiring adhesiolysis during an elective laparotomy or laparoscopy using the SF-36 and DASI questionnaire scores...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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