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Smart device

Srabanti Ghosh, Laurence Ramos, Hynd Remita
Materials are the key roadblocks for the commercialization of energy conversion devices in fuel cells and solar cells. Significant research has focused on tuning the intrinsic properties of materials at the nanometer scale. The soft template mediated controlled fabrication of advanced nanostructured materials is attracting considerable interest due to the promising applications of these materials in catalysis and electrocatalysis. Swollen hexagonal lyotropic liquid crystals (SLCs) consist of oil-swollen surfactant-stabilized 1D, 2D or 3D nanometric assemblies regularly arranged in an aqueous solvent...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Qunfeng Cheng, Jingsong Peng
Nacre-inspired nanocomposites with excellent mechanical properties have achieved remarkable success in the past decades. The high performance of nacre-inspired nanocomposites lays down the basis for the further application of smart devices. Recently, some smart nanocomposites inspired by nacre have demonstrated well mechanical properties as well as effective and stable stimuli-responsive functions. In this concept, we summarize the recent development of smart nacre-inspired nanocomposites including 1D fibers, 2D films and 3D bulk nanocomposites in response to temperature, moisture, light, strain, etc...
March 15, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Frank L Schwartz, Cynthia R Marling, Razvan C Bunescu
Development of truly useful wearable physiologic monitoring devices for use in diabetes management is still in its infancy. From wearable activity monitors such as fitness trackers and smart watches to contact lenses measuring glucose levels in tears, we are just at the threshold of their coming use in medicine. Ultimately, such devices could help to improve the performance of sense-and-respond insulin pumps, illuminate the impact of physical activity on blood glucose levels, and improve patient safety. This is a summary of our experience attempting to use such devices to enhance continuous glucose monitoring-augmented insulin pump therapy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Yuan Wang, Zhuang Liu, Han-Yu Peng, Fan He, Lei Zhang, Yousef Faraj, Wei Wang, Xiao-Jie Ju, Rui Xie, Liang-Yin Chu
A simple device, which is equipped with a non-woven fabric filter medium on which immobilized with ion-recognizable smart hollow microgels, is developed for facile detection of trace lead(II) ions (Pb2+). The ion-recognizable smart microgels are made of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide) (PNB), in which the 18-crown-6 groups act as the sensors of Pb2+ and the N-isopropylacrylamide groups act as the actuators. The PNB hollow microgels can isothermally change from a shrunk state to a swollen state in response to recognizing Pb2+ in the aqueous environment due to the electrostatic repulsion among the charged 18-crown-6/Pb2+ complex groups and the enhancement of hydrophilicity of the microgels...
March 14, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Huijuan Guo, Xueting Jia, Lu Liu, Xia Cao, Ning Wang, Zhong Lin Wang
Recent development of interactive motion-tracking and positioning technologies is attracting increased interests in the many areas, such as wearable electronics, intelligent electronic and internet of things. For example, the so-called somatosensory technology can afford users strong empathy of immersion and realism due to their consistent interaction with the game. Here, we report a noncontact self-powered positioning and motion-tracking system based on freestanding triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG). The TENG was fabricated by nano-engineered surface in the contact-separation mode with the use of a free moving human body (hands or foot) as the trigger...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Yolanda Alesanco, Ana Viñuales, Javier Rodriguez, Ramón Tena-Zaera
Electrochromic devices (ECDs) have aroused great interest because of their potential applicability in displays and smart systems, including windows, rearview mirrors, and helmet visors. In the last decades, different device structures and materials have been proposed to meet the requirements of commercial applications to boost market entry. To this end, employing simple device architectures and achieving a competitive electrolyte are crucial to accomplish easily implementable, high-performance ECDs. The present review outlines devices comprising gel electrolytes as a single electroactive layer ("all-in-one") ECD architecture, highlighting some advantages and opportunities they offer over other electrochromic systems...
March 10, 2018: Materials
Wenjia Wu, Yifan Li, Jindun Liu, Jingtao Wang, Yakun He, Kenneth Davey, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Nanophase-separated membranes hold promise for fast molecule or ion transfer. However, development and practical application are significantly hindered by both the difficulty of chemical modification and nanophase instability. This can be addressed by organic-inorganic hybridization of functional fillers with a precise distribution in specific nanophase. Here, a molecular-level hybridization for nanophase-separated Nafion using 2-5 nm quantum dots (QDs) as a new smart filler is demonstrated. Two kinds of QDs are prepared and used: hydrophilic polymer-like QDs (PQDs) and hydrophobic graphene oxide QDs (GQDs)...
March 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
Se Dong Min, Changwon Wang, Doo-Soon Park, Jong Hyuk Park
Gait is not only one of the most important functions and activities in daily life but is also a parameter to monitor one's health status. We propose a single channel capacitive proximity pressure sensor (TCPS) and gait monitoring system for smart healthcare. Insole-type TCPS (270 mm in length) was designed consisting of three layers including two shield layers and a sensor layer. Analyzing the step count and stride time are the basic indicators in gait analysis, thus they were selected as evaluation indicators...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Anthony Pease, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest, Danny Liew, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Technology has been implemented since the 1970s with the hope of improving glycaemic control and reducing the burden of complications for those living with type 1 diabetes. A clinical and cost-effectiveness comparison of all available technologies including continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), sensor-augmented pump therapy (including either low-glucose suspend or predictive low-glucose suspend), hybrid closed-loop systems, closed-loop (single-hormone or dual-hormone) systems, flash glucose monitoring (FGM), insulin bolus calculators, and 'smart-device' applications is currently lacking...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Kellie B Emmerson, Katherine E Harding, Kylee J Lockwood, Nicholas F Taylor
BACKGROUND: Allied health professionals working in rehabilitation often prescribe home exercise programs. Smart technology offers an alternative format for presentation of home exercise programs with potential advantages over traditional paper-based programs, but how do patients feel about this? DESIGN: This qualitative analysis was part of a convergent mixed methods design, using in depth, semi-structured interviews to explore the lived experience of patients utilising touch screen tablets to support an upper limb home exercise program post stroke...
March 11, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Umakanth Katwa, Estefania Rivera
Asthma is the most common chronic pediatric condition. Effective asthma management requires a proactive and inclusive approach that controls the patient's symptoms and prevents recurrence of exacerbations. Clinicians should encourage patients to become involved in their management since self-management approaches have proven to be an effective means for chronic illness treatment. Novel forms of self-monitoring and management are technological interventions. In the last decade, novel technology has been developed and used to improve asthma control since it is a powerful agent that addresses a variety of challenges in chronic disease management such as education, communication and adherence...
March 10, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Timothy O'Connor, Siddharth Rawat, Adam Markman, Bahram Javidi
We propose a compact imaging system that integrates an augmented reality head mounted device with digital holographic microscopy for automated cell identification and visualization. A shearing interferometer is used to produce holograms of biological cells, which are recorded using customized smart glasses containing an external camera. After image acquisition, segmentation is performed to isolate regions of interest containing biological cells in the field-of-view, followed by digital reconstruction of the cells, which is used to generate a three-dimensional (3D) pseudocolor optical path length profile...
March 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Trisha L Andrew, Lushuai Zhang, Nongyi Cheng, Morgan Baima, Jae Joon Kim, Linden Allison, Steven Hoxie
Body-mountable electronics and electronically active garments are the future of portable, interactive devices. However, wearable devices and electronic garments are demanding technology platforms because of the large, varied mechanical stresses to which they are routinely subjected, which can easily abrade or damage microelectronic components and electronic interconnects. Furthermore, aesthetics and tactile perception (or feel) can make or break a nascent wearable technology, irrespective of device metrics...
March 9, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Eduardo Cañete, Jaime Chen, Cristian Martín, Bartolomé Rubio
The rapid development in low-cost sensor and wireless communication technology has made it possible for a large number of devices to coexist and exchange information autonomously. It has been predicted that a substantial number of devices will be able to exchange and provide information about an environment with the goal of improving our lives, under the well-known paradigm of the Internet of Things (IoT). One of the main applications of these kinds of devices is the monitoring of scenarios. In order to improve the current wine elaboration process, this paper presents a real-time monitoring system to supervise the status of wine casks...
March 7, 2018: Sensors
Bako Ali, Ali Ismail Awad
The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging paradigm focusing on the connection of devices, objects, or "things" to each other, to the Internet, and to users. IoT technology is anticipated to become an essential requirement in the development of smart homes, as it offers convenience and efficiency to home residents so that they can achieve better quality of life. Application of the IoT model to smart homes, by connecting objects to the Internet, poses new security and privacy challenges in terms of the confidentiality, authenticity, and integrity of the data sensed, collected, and exchanged by the IoT objects...
March 8, 2018: Sensors
Zhixin Zhou, Yuye Zhang, Yanfei Shen, Songqin Liu, Yuanjian Zhang
As a promising two-dimensional (2D) conjugated polymer, polymeric carbon nitride (CN) is attracting dramatically increasing interest due to its unusual properties, facile synthesis from abundant and inexpensive starting materials, and promising applications ranging from (photo)catalysis, and photoelectrochemistry, to biosensors. The polymeric feature and facile synthesis of CN allow easy engineering of its structure at the molecular level. For instance, the moderate reactivity of CN at the interface, together with the aromatic π-conjugated framework and intralayer hydrogen bonds, provides ample possibilities to control its molecular structure and properties to meet task-specific applications...
March 8, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Xianglong Li, Linjie Zhi
Graphene has attracted considerable attention due to its unique two-dimensional structure, high electronic mobility, exceptional thermal conductivity, excellent optical transmittance, good mechanical strength, and ultrahigh surface area. To meet the ever increasing demand for portable electronic products, electric vehicles, smart grids, and renewable energy integrations, hybridizing graphene with various functions and components has been demonstrated to be a versatile and powerful strategy to significantly enhance the performance of various energy storage systems such as lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors and beyond, because such hybridization can result in synergistic effects that combine the best merits of involved components and confer new functions and properties, thereby improving the charge/discharge efficiencies and capabilities, energy/power densities, and cycle life of these energy storage systems...
March 7, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Shota Suzumura, Aiko Osawa, Natsumi Maeda, Yuko Sano, Akihiko Kandori, Tomohiko Mizuguchi, Ying Yin, Izumi Kondo
AIM: We have developed a smart terminal device for screening finger function, and investigated the capability of this tool for detecting abnormalities of finger dexterity. METHODS: Finger dexterity was measured for 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD group), 15 people diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI group) and 48 family members (healthy older adult group) as the control. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the AD and control group in response time, rhythm and contact duration (P ≤ 0...
March 7, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Nayana A Potdar, Suchit Dadia, Simranjeet Aulakh, Mohammad Javed Ali, Chhaya A Shinde
AIM: To assess patient perceptions regarding medical photography and the use of smart devices, namely mobile phones and tablets for medical photography. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 280 consecutive adult patients who presented to the oculoplastics clinic at a tertiary eye care centre. The responses were tabulated and analysed. RESULTS: Of the 280 patients surveyed, 68% felt that medical photography had a positive impact on their understanding of their illnesses and 72% felt that the use of smartphones for medical photography was acceptable...
March 6, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Anita Ho, Oliver Quick
BACKGROUND: This debate article explores how smart technologies may create a double-edged sword for patient safety and effective therapeutic relationships. Increasing utilization of health monitoring devices by patients will likely become an important aspect of self-care and preventive medicine. It may also help to enhance accurate symptom reports, diagnoses, and prompt referral to specialist care where appropriate. However, the development, marketing, and use of such technology raise significant ethical implications for therapeutic relationships and patient safety...
March 6, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
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