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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106374/extremely-high-barrier-performance-of-organic-inorganic-nanolaminated-thin-films-for-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#1
Kwan Hyuck Yoon, Harrison Sejoon Kim, Kyu Seok Han, Seung Hun Kim, Yong-Eun Koo Lee, Nabeen K Shrestha, Seung Yong Song, Myung Mo Sung
This work presents a novel barrier thin film based on an organic-inorganic nanolaminate, which consists of alternating nanolayers of self-assembled organic layers (SAOLs) and Al2O3. The SAOLs-Al2O3 nanolaminated films were deposited using a combination of molecular layer deposition and atomic layer deposition techniques at 80 °C. Modulation of the relative thickness ratio of the SAOLs and Al2O3 enabled control over the elastic modulus and stress in the films. Furthermore, the SAOLs-Al2O3 thin film achieved a high degree of mechanical flexibility, excellent transmittance (> 95%), and an ultra-low water-vapor transmission rate (2...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106082/effect-of-thermal-annealing-super-yellow-emissive-layer-on-efficiency-of-oleds
#2
Samantha Burns, Jennifer MacLeod, Thu Trang Do, Prashant Sonar, Soniya D Yambem
Thermal annealing of the emissive layer of an organic light emitting diode (OLED) is a common practice for solution processable emissive layers and reported annealing temperatures varies across a wide range of temperatures. We have investigated the influence of thermal annealing of the emissive layer at different temperatures on the performance of OLEDs. Solution processed polymer Super Yellow emissive layers were annealed at different temperatures and their performances were compared against OLEDs with a non-annealed emissive layer...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105474/a-dual-scale-metal-nanowire-network-transparent-conductor-for-highly-efficient-and-flexible-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#3
Jinhwan Lee, Kunsik An, Phillip Won, Yoonseok Ka, Hyejin Hwang, Hyunjin Moon, Yongwon Kwon, Sukjoon Hong, Changsoon Kim, Changhee Lee, Seung Hwan Ko
Although solution processed metal nanowire (NW) percolation networks are a strong candidate to replace commercial indium tin oxide, their performance is limited in thin film device applications due to reduced effective electrical areas arising from the dimple structure and percolative voids that single size metal NW percolation networks inevitably possess. Here, we present a transparent electrode based on a dual-scale silver nanowire (AgNW) percolation network embedded in a flexible substrate to demonstrate a significant enhancement in the effective electrical area by filling the large percolative voids present in a long/thick AgNW network with short/thin AgNWs...
January 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104283/-led-lights-in-dermatology
#4
C Noé, M Pelletier-Aouizerate, H Cartier
The use in dermatology of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) continues to be surrounded by controversy. This is due mainly to poor knowledge of the physicochemical phases of a wide range of devices that are difficult to compare to one another, and also to divergences between irrefutable published evidence either at the level of in vitro studies or at the cellular level, and discordant clinical results in a variety of different indications: rejuvenation, acne, wound healing, leg ulcers, and cutaneous inflammatory or autoimmune processes...
January 16, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103586/selective-area-growth-of-periodic-nanopyramid-light-emitting-diode-arrays-on-gan-sapphire-templates-patterned-by-multiple-exposure-colloidal-lithography
#5
Zhuo Xiong, Tongbo Wei, Yonghui Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Chao Yang, Zhiqiang Liu, Guodong Yuan, Jinmin Li, Junxi Wang
Gallium nitride-based nanopyramid light-emitting diodes are a promising technology to achieve highly efficient solid-state lighting and beyond. Here, periodic nanopyramid light-emitting diode arrays on gallium nitride/sapphire templates were fabricated by selective-area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition and multiple-exposure colloidal lithography. The electric field intensity distribution of incident light going through polystyrene microspheres and photoresist are simulated using finite-different time-domain method...
January 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102947/a-feasibility-study-of-an-integrated-nir-gamma-visible-imaging-system-for-endoscopic-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping
#6
Han Gyu Kang, Ho-Young Lee, Kyeong Min Kim, Seong-Hyun Song, Gun Chul Hong, Seong Jong Hong
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to integrate NIR, gamma, and visible imaging tools into a single endoscopic system to overcome the limitation of NIR using gamma imaging and to demonstrate the feasibility of endoscopic NIR/gamma/visible fusion imaging for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping with a small animal. METHODS: The endoscopic NIR/gamma/visible imaging system consists of a tungsten pinhole collimator, a plastic focusing lens, a BGO crystal (11 × 11 × 2 mm(3) ), a fiber-optic taper (front = 11 × 11 mm(2) , end = 4 × 4 mm(2) ), a 122-cm long endoscopic fiber bundle, an NIR emission filter, a relay lens, and a CCD camera...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099873/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-as-an-adjunct-for-treatment-of-deep-carious-lesions-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Fabian Cieplik, Wolfgang Buchalla, Elmar Hellwig, Ali Al-Ahmad, Karl-Anton Hiller, Tim Maisch, Lamprini Karygianni
For deep carious lesions, a more conservative treatment modality ("selective caries removal") has been proposed, where only the heavily contaminated dentine is removed. In this regard, effective adjuncts for cavity disinfection such as the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) can be valuable clinically prior to definitive restoration. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically assess clinical studies on the effectiveness of aPDT as a supplementary tool in the treatment of deep caries lesions...
January 15, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099202/early-changes-in-facial-profile-following-structured-filler-rhinoplasty-an-anthropometric-analysis-using-a-3-dimensional-imaging-system
#8
Nark Kyoung Rho, Je Young Park, Choon Shik Youn, Soo-Keun Lee, Hei Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Quantitative measurements are important for objective evaluation of postprocedural outcomes. Three-dimensional (3D) imaging is known as an objective, accurate, and reliable system for quantifying the soft tissue dimensions of the face. OBJECTIVE: To compare the preprocedural and acute postprocedural nasofrontal, nasofacial, nasolabial, and nasomental angles, early changes in the height and length of the nose, and nasal volume using a 3D surface imaging with a light-emitting diode...
January 17, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098969/exciplex-forming-co-host-based-red-phosphorescent-organic-light-emitting-diodes-with-long-operational-stability-and-high-efficiency
#9
Jeong-Hwan Lee, Hyun Shin, Jae-Min Kim, Kwon-Hyeon Kim, Jang-Joo Kim
The use of exciplex forming cohosts and phosphors incredibly boosts the efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by providing a barrier-free charge injection into an emitting layer and a broad recombination zone. However, most of the efficient OLEDs based on the exciplex forming cohosts has suffered from the short operational lifetime. Here, we demonstrated phosphorescent OLEDs (PhOLEDs) having both high efficiency and long lifetime by using a new exciplex forming cohost composed of N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine (NPB) and (1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triyl)tris(benzene-3,1-diyl))tris(diphenylphosphine oxide) (PO-T2T)...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098451/the-effect-of-injection-layer-sub-bandgap-states-on-electron-injection-in-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#10
Carsten Hinzmann, Osnat Magen, Yvonne J Hofstetter, Paul Edward Hopkinson, Nir Tessler, Yana Vaynzof
It is generally considered that the injection of charges into an active layer of an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is solely determined by the energetic injection barrier formed at the device interfaces. Here, we demonstrate that the density of surface states of the electron-injecting ZnO layer has a profound effect on both the charge injection and the overall performance of the OLED device. Introducing a dopant into ZnO reduces both the energy depth and density of surface states without altering the position of the energy levels - thus the magnitude of the injection barrier formed at the organic/ZnO interface remains unchanged...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098340/inhibitory-effect-of-blue-light-emitting-diode-on-migration-and-invasion-of-cancer-cells
#11
Phil-Sun Oh, Hyun-Soo Kim, Eun-Mi Kim, Hyosook Hwang, Hyang Hwa Ryu, SeokTae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn, Hwan-Jeong Jeong
The aim of this study was to determine the effects and molecular mechanism of blue light emitting diode (LED) in tumor cells. A migration and invasion assay for the metastatic behavior of mouse colon cancer CT-26 and human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells was performed. Cancer cell migration-related proteins were identified by obtaining a 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) in total cellular protein profile of blue LED-irradiated cancer cells, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis of proteins...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094502/highly-efficient-full-color-thermally-activated-delayed-fluorescent-organic-light-emitting-diodes-extremely-low-efficiency-roll-off-utilizing-a-host-with-small-singlet-triplet-splitting
#12
Dongdong Zhang, Chongguang Zhao, Yunge Zhang, Xiaozeng Song, Pengcheng Wei, Minghan Cai, Lian Duan
Numerous efforts have been devoted to boost the efficiency of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) devices; however, strategies to suppress the device efficiency roll-off are still in urgent need. Here, a general and effective approach to suppress the efficiency roll-off of TADF devices is proposed, that is utilizing TADF materials as the hosts for TADF emitters. Bearing small singlet-triplet splitting (ΔEST) with donor and acceptor units, TADF materials as the hosts possess the potential to achieve matched frontier energy levels with the adjacent transporting layers, facilitating balanced charge injection, as well as bipolar charge transport mobilities, beneficial to the balanced charges transportation...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092736/negative-effect-of-chronic-cadmium-exposure-on-growth-histology-ultrastructure-antioxidant-and-innate-immune-responses-in-the-liver-of-zebrafish-preventive-role-of-blue-light-emitting-diodes
#13
Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Zhen-Ming Lv, Ai-Yi Zhu, Jia-Lang Zheng, Chang-Wen Wu
The present study explored the possible preventive effects of blue light emitting diodes (LEDs) on cadmium (Cd)-induced oxidative stress and immunotoxicity in zebrafish. To this end, zebrafish were exposed to a white fluorescent bulb or blue LEDs (LDB, peak at 450nm, at an irradiance of 0.9W/m(2)), and 0 or 30µgL(-1) waterborne Cd for 5 weeks. Growth performance, survival rate, and hepatic histology, ultrastructure, antioxidant and innate immune responses were determined in zebrafish. Cd exposure alone reduced growth and survival rate, and induced oxidative damage and changes in histology and ultrastructure...
January 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092651/long-lasting-antinociceptive-effects-of-green-light-in-acute-and-chronic-pain-in-rats
#14
Mohab M Ibrahim, Amol Patwardhan, Kerry B Gilbraith, Aubin Moutal, Xiaofang Yang, Lindsey A Chew, Tally Largent-Milnes, T Philip Malan, Todd W Vanderah, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Treatments for chronic pain are inadequate, and new options are needed. Nonpharmaceutical approaches are especially attractive with many potential advantages including safety. Light therapy has been suggested to be beneficial in certain medical conditions such as depression, but this approach remains to be explored for modulation of pain. We investigated the effects of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), in the visible spectrum, on acute sensory thresholds in naive rats as well as in experimental neuropathic pain...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092483/photodynamic-inactivation-of-cariogenic-pathogens-using-curcumin-as-photosensitizer
#15
Natália Costa Araújo, Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Vanda Sanderana Macêdo Carneiro, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos-Neto, Carla Raquel Fontana, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Catherine Malinda Harvey, Marleny Elizabeth Martinez Gerbi
OBJECTIVE: This investigation assessed the susceptibility of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus to Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) when grown simultaneously in dentine carious lesions. BACKGROUND DATA: PDT is a technique that utilizes light to activate photosensitizers in the presence of oxygen to produce reactive radicals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A culture medium of 1% glucose, 2% sucrose, 1% young primary culture of L. acidophilus 10(8) CFU/mL, and S...
January 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092398/rate-of-strabismus-detection-on-digital-photographs-increases-by-using-off-center-near-target
#16
Ron Maor, Joanna Holland, Vijay Tailor, Marina Banteka, Payal Khandelwal, Selina Glaze, Simon Barnard, Yuval Yashiv, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE: To increase the detection rate of strabismus on digital photographs, with the ultimate aim of developing a new automated strabismus detection algorithm. METHODS: In this prospective case series, the authors acquired digital face photographs of 409 children with manifest or latent strabismus, using a 14-million-pixel camera with CCD image sensor. Of the last 52 enrolled, 34 image sets were selected for this study: 29 with manifest and 5 with latent strabismus...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091953/fullerene-c60-penetration-into-leukemic-cells-and-its-photoinduced-cytotoxic-effects
#17
D Franskevych, K Palyvoda, D Petukhov, S Prylutska, I Grynyuk, C Schuetze, L Drobot, O Matyshevska, U Ritter
Fullerene C60 as a representative of carbon nanocompounds is suggested to be promising agent for application in photodynamic therapy due to its unique physicochemical properties. The goal of this study was to estimate the accumulation of fullerene C60 in leukemic cells and to investigate its phototoxic effect on parental and resistant to cisplatin leukemic cells. Stable homogeneous water colloid solution of pristine C60 with average 50-nm diameter of nanoparticles was used in experiments. Fluorescent labeled C60 was synthesized by covalent conjugation of C60 with rhodamine B isothiocyanate...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091950/nanorods-on-surface-of-gan-based-thin-film-leds-deposited-by-post-annealing-after-photo-assisted-chemical-etching
#18
Lung-Chien Chen, Wun-Wei Lin, Te-Yu Liu
This study investigates the optoelectronic characteristics of gallium nitride (GaN)-based thin-film light-emitting diodes (TF-LEDs) that are formed by a two-step transfer process that involves wet etching and post-annealing. In the two-step transfer process, GaN LEDs were stripped from sapphire substrates by the laser lift-off (LLO) method using a KrF laser and then transferred onto ceramic substrates. Ga-K nanorods were formed on the surface of the GaN-based TF-LEDs following photo-assisted chemical etching and photo-enhanced post-annealing at 100 °C for 1 min...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091850/repeated-applications-of-photodynamic-therapy-on-candida-glabrata-biofilms-formed-in-acrylic-resin-polymerized
#19
Lírian Silva de Figueiredo Freitas, Rodnei Dennis Rossoni, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Juliana Campos Junqueira
Previous studies have been suggested that photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be used as an adjuvant treatment for denture stomatitis. In this study, we evaluated the effects of multiple sessions of PDT on Candida glabrata biofilms in specimens of polymerized acrylic resin formed after 5 days. Subsequently, four applications of PDT were performed on biofilms in 24-h intervals (days 6-9). Also, we evaluated two types of PDT, including application of laser and methylene blue or light-emitting diode (LED) and erythrosine...
January 14, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090776/plasmonic-perovskite-light-emitting-diodes-based-on-ag-cspbbr3-system
#20
Xiaoli Zhang, Bing Xu, Weigao Wang, Sheng Liu, Yuanjin Zheng, Shuming Chen, Kai Wang, Xiao Wei Sun
The enhanced luminescence through semiconductor-metal interactions suggests the great potential of device performance improvement via properly tailored plasmonic nanostructures. Surface plasmon enhanced electroluminescence in all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite light-emitting diode (LED) is fabricated by decorating the hole transport layer with the synthesized Ag nanorods. An increase of 42% and 43.3% in the luminance and efficiency are demonstrated for devices incorporated with Ag nanorods. The device with Ag introduction indicates identical optoelectronic properties to the controlled device without Ag nanostructures...
January 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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