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Xiaofen Zhang, Guoyun Wang, Bin Chen, Heshan Du, Fenglan Zhang, Haiying Zhang, Qian Wang, Sansheng Geng
First flower node (FFN) is an important trait for evaluating fruit earliness in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), but the genetic mechanisms that control FFN are still poorly understood. In the present study, we developed 249 F2 plants derived from an intraspecific cross between the inbred pepper lines Z4 and Z5. Thirty plants with the highest FFN and 30 plants with the lowest FFN were chosen and their DNAs were pooled according to phenotype to construct two bulked DNA pools. Specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) was combined with bulked segregant analysis (BSA) to identify candidate regions related to FFN...
2018: PloS One
Carlos Lahoz, Elisa Castillo, Jose M Mostaza, Olaya de Dios, Miguel A Salinero-Fort, Teresa González-Alegre, Francisca García-Iglesias, Eva Estirado, Fernando Laguna, Vanesa Sanchez, Concesa Sabín, Silvia López, Victor Cornejo, Carmen de Burgos, Carmen Garcés
Background: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet seems to be inversely associated with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration. A 14-point Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) has been developed to assess dietary compliance. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether each of the MEDAS questions as well as their final score were associated with the levels of CRP in general Spanish population. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1411 subjects (mean age 61 years, 43.0% males) randomly selected from the general population...
March 20, 2018: Nutrients
Guoqing Chen, Yong Li, Wei Wang, Liping Deng
Introduction Mangosteen as a rare and precious fruit looks like a queen crown, known as "Queen of Fruit". α-Mangostin (α-MG) is the most representative xanthone isolated from the pericarp of mangosteen, possessing extensive biological activities and pharmacological properties, which can be considered as an antineoplastic agent, antioxidant, anti-proliferation and induces apoptosis in various types of human cancer cells, and has protective effect on induced apoptotic damage. Areas covered The bioactivity and pharmacological Properties of α-MG are being actively investigated by various industrial and academic institutions...
March 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Ali H El-Far, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Mahmoud A Gab Allah, Ibrahim Abu Reidah, Hazem M Shaheen, Iman Razeghian-Jahromi, Abd El-Wahab A Alsenosy, Ahmed E Noreldin, Soad K Al Jaouni, Shaker A Mousa
Phoenix dactylifera is a useful traditional medicinal plant, mainly the fruit is used, which is the edible part of the plant (Ajwa date). It is now considered to be a valuable source of natural medicinal products against various diseases. Phytochemical investigations have shown that the fruit contains anthocyanins, phenolics, sterols, carotenoids, and flavonoids. The fruits are a rich source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and proteins. P. dactylifera is considered as a complete diet because it also contains different fatty acids, amino acids, proteins, and steroidal substances...
March 19, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Ryszard Rzepecki, Yosef Gruenbaum
Lamins are evolutionarily conserved nuclear intermediate filament proteins. They provide structural support for the nucleus and help regulate many other nuclear activities. Mutations in human lamin genes, and especially in the LMNA gene, cause numerous diseases, termed laminopathies, including muscle, cardiac, metabolic, neuronal and early aging diseases. Most laminopathies arise from autosomal dominant missense mutations. Many of the mutant residues are conserved in the lamin genes of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster...
March 20, 2018: Nucleus
C Kaewpila, K Sommart, M Mitsumori
The mitigation of enteric methane emission in beef cattle production is important for reducing feed energy loss and increasing environmental sustainability. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different oilseeds included in fermented total mixed rations (whole soyabean seed (SBS, control), whole kapok seed (KPS) and cracked oil palm fruit (OPF)) on feed intake, digestibility, rumen microbial populations, energy partition and methane emissions in different cattle genotypes (Charolais crossbred v...
March 20, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Jean-Christophe Billeter, Mariana F Wolfner
Chemicals released into the environment by food, predators and conspecifics play critical roles in Drosophila reproduction. Females and males live in an environment full of smells, whose molecules communicate to them the availability of food, potential mates, competitors or predators. Volatile chemicals derived from fruit, yeast growing on the fruit, and flies already present on the fruit attract Drosophila, concentrating flies at food sites, where they will also mate. Species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons displayed on female Drosophila as they mature are sensed by males and act as pheromones to stimulate mating by conspecific males and inhibit heterospecific mating...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Dunia E Santiago, Luisa M Pastrana-Martínez, Elisenda Pulido-Melián, Javier Araña, Joaquim L Faria, Adrián M T Silva, Óscar González-Díaz, José M Doña-Rodríguez
Magnetite (Fe3 O4 ), a core-shell material (SiO2 @Fe3 O4 ), and reduced graphene oxide-Fe3 O4 (referred as rGO-MN) were used as supports of a specific highly active TiO2 photocatalyst. Thermal treatments at 200 or 450 °C, different atmospheres (air or N2 ), and TiO2 :support weight ratios (1.0, 1.5, or 2.0) were investigated. X-ray diffractograms revealed that magnetite is not oxidized to hematite when the core-shell SiO2 @Fe3 O4 material-or a N2 atmosphere (instead of air) in the thermal treatment-was employed to prepare the TiO2 -based catalysts (the magnetic properties being preserved)...
March 2, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Simone Muniz Pacheco, Juliana Hofstätter Azambuja, Taíse Rosa de Carvalho, Mayara Sandrielly Pereira Soares, Pathise Souto Oliveira, Elita Ferreira da Silveira, Francieli Moro Stefanello, Elizandra Braganhol, Jessié Martins Gutierres, Roselia Maria Spanevello
Altered astrocytic function is a contributing factor to the development of neurological diseases and neurodegeneration. Berry fruits exert neuroprotective effects by modulating pathways involved in inflammation, neurotransmission, and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the lingonberry extract on cellular viability and oxidative stress in astrocytes exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the reversal protocol, primary astrocytic cultures were first exposed to 1 µg/mL LPS for 3 h and subsequently treated with lingonberry extract (10, 30, 50, and 100 μg/mL) for 24 and 48 h...
March 19, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
J K Dubey, S K Patyal, Ajay Sharma
In the present day scenario of increasing awareness and concern about the pesticides, it is very important to ensure the quality of data being generated in pesticide residue analysis. To impart confidence in the products, terms like quality assurance and quality control are used as an integral part of quality management. In order to ensure better quality of results in pesticide residue analysis, validation of analytical methods to be used is extremely important. Keeping in view the importance of validation of method, the validation of QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) a multiresidue method for extraction of 13 organochlorines and seven synthetic pyrethroids in fruits and vegetables followed by GC ECD for quantification was done so as to use this method for analysis of samples received in the laboratory...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Youming Shen, Jiyun Nie, Zhixia Li, Haifei Li, Yonglong Wu, Yafeng Dong, Jianyi Zhang
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jacek Panek, Magdalena Frąc
Heat-resistant fungi of the species Talaromyces flavus, which inhabits soil and can contaminate fruits, constitutes significant impact on spoilage of heat-processed food. T. flavus possess the ability to produce numerous mycotoxins and is able to survive the process of pasteurization what makes it a treat to food industry. Up to date there is no rapid and reliable method to detect and identify T. flavus. Therefore in this study, a sensitive method for detecting T. flavus was developed. The primers (Tf1_F/R) specific to detection of DNA replication licensing factor gene of T...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Wendi Gosliner, Karen L Webb, Patricia B Crawford, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between school meal consumption and overall dietary intake post-Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act implementation is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children's dietary intakes. DESIGN: The Healthy Communities Study was a cross-sectional observational study conducted between 2013 and 2015...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Abbas Ostovan, Hamideh Asadollahzadeh, Mehrorang Ghaedi
This study is devoted on Allura Red as food colorant preconcentration and determination in beverage, fruit juice and drink water samples is based on usage of Mn- and Cu- @ ZnS-NPs-AC as new sorbent for ultrasound-assisted-dispersive solid-phase microextraction (UA-DSPME) combined with ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometric based method (UV-Vis). Contribution of volume of eluent, pH, sorbent mass and sonication time on response following conduction of 28 experiments were optimized and investigated while their significantly justified according to p-value...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Ane Storch Jakobsen, Helene Speyer, Hans Christian Brix Nørgaard, Mette Karlsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jesper Krogh, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Ulla Toft
OBJECTIVES: People with severe mental disorders die 10-25years earlier than people in the Western background population, mainly due to lifestyle related diseases, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) being the most frequent cause of death. Major contributors to this excess morbidity and mortality are unhealthy lifestyle factors including tobacco smoking, unhealthy eating habits and lower levels of physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and levels of physical activity in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and overweight and to compare the results with the current recommendations and with results from the general Danish population...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
David Campos, Rosana Chirinos, Lena Gálvez Ranilla, Romina Pedreschi
The Andes is considered the longest continental mountain range in the world. It covers 7000km long and about 200-700km wide and an average height of about 4000m. Very unique plant species are endemic of this area including fruits (e.g., lucuma, cherimoya, sweet pepino, sauco), roots and tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, yacón, chicuru, mashua, olluco, etc.), and seeds (quinoa, amaranth, tarwi, etc.). These crops have been used for centuries by the native population and relatively recently have gained the world attention due to the wide range of nutrients and/or phytochemicals they possess...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Xiaodong Li, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Azusa Kamikouchi
In birds and higher mammals, auditory experience during development is critical to discriminate sound patterns in adulthood. However, the neural and molecular nature of this acquired ability remains elusive. In fruit flies, acoustic perception has been thought to be innate. Here we report, surprisingly, that auditory experience of a species-specific courtship song in developing Drosophila shapes adult song perception and resultant sexual behavior. Preferences in the song-response behaviors of both males and females were tuned by social acoustic exposure during development...
March 20, 2018: ELife
Jing Li, Yong-Jun He, Lu Zhou, Yang Liu, Mingmin Jiang, Li Ren, Huoying Chen
BACKGROUND: The anthocyanins are highly enriched in eggplants (Solanum melongena L.) with purple peel. However, our previous study showed that anthocyanins biosynthesis in eggplant cultivar 'Lanshan Hexian' was completely regulated by light and color becomes evident at most 2 days after exposure to light. In the present investigation, transcriptome study was made to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms of light-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis in eggplant (Solanum melongena L...
March 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Benny Weksler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Marcela Vega, Robert Nerenberg, Ignacio T Vargas
This paper reviews the unique situation of perchlorate contamination in Chile, including its sources, presence in environmental media and in the human population, and possible steps to mitigate its health impacts. Perchlorate is a ubiquitous water contaminant that inhibits thyroid function. Standards for drinking water range from 2 to 18 µg L-1 in United States and Europe. A major natural source of perchlorate contamination is Chile saltpeter, found in the Atacama Desert. High concentrations of perchlorate have presumably existed in this region, in soils, sediments, surface waters and groundwaters, for millions of years...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Research
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