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Supplemental lighting

Yu Zhong, Peng Jin, Jay J Cheng
Microalgae treated with blue light have potential for production of human nutrition supplement and biofuel due to their higher biomass productivity and favorable fatty acid composition. Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Scenedesmus obliquus are representative green microalgae which are widely reported for algal production. In this study, we provide a systematic investigation of the biomass productivity, photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and fatty acid content of the four green microalgae...
May 19, 2018: Planta
Da Hye Kim, Sang Mi Han, Moung Cheul Keum, Sang Lee, Byoung Ki An, Sang-Rak Lee, Kyung-Woo Lee
1. The present study was designed to evaluate purified bee venom (BV) as an alternative to antibiotics in broiler chickens. The experimental treatment diets were formulated by adding BV into a maize-soybean meal-based diet to give 0, 10, 50, 100, and 500 μg BV per kg of diet. 2. Dietary BV quadratically improved (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio and increased body weight gain at 1-21 days as level in diet increased. Higher BV levels lowered relative weight of spleen (linear and quadratic, P<0.05), bursa of Fabricius (quadratic, P<0...
May 18, 2018: British Poultry Science
Pavlos S Stephanou, Martin Kröger
The steady-state extensional viscosity of dense polymeric liquids in elongational flows is known to be peculiar in the sense that for entangled polymer melts it monotonically decreases-whereas for concentrated polymer solutions it increases-with increasing strain rate beyond the inverse Rouse time. To shed light on this issue, we solve the kinetic theory model for concentrated polymer solutions and entangled melts proposed by Curtiss and Bird, also known as the tumbling-snake model, supplemented by a variable link tension coefficient that we relate to the uniaxial nematic order parameter of the polymer...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Yanhan Liu, Yiyu Li, Xiancheng Feng, Zhong Wang, Zhaofei Xia
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) on the performance, serum lipid metabolism, muscle morphology, meat quality, and fatty acid profiles of Peking ducks. A total of 1,500 Peking ducks were randomly divided into five groups with five replicates and were fed a non-antibiotic basal diet (Control) or a basal diet supplemented with either 200, 400, or 600 mg/kg of C. butyricum (2.0 × 109 CFU/g) or 150 mg of aureomycin/kg for 42 d. Compared with the control group, supplementation with C...
May 14, 2018: Poultry Science
Liyuan Hao, Qiang Shan, Jingya Wei, Fengtao Ma, Peng Sun
Lactoferrin (lactotransferrin; Lf) is an iron-binding glycoprotein and one of the most important bioactivators in milk and other external secretions. It has numerous biological roles, including the regulation of iron absorption and modulation of immune responses, and has anti-microbial, anti-viral, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. Lf regulates the quantity of iron absorbed in the intestine via its role in iron transport and can also chelate iron, directly or indirectly. Notably, it has been used as an adjuvant therapy for some intestinal diseases...
May 14, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Yange Wei, Miao Chang, Fay Y Womer, Qian Zhou, Zhiyang Yin, Shengnan Wei, Yifang Zhou, Xiaowei Jiang, Xudong Yao, Jia Duan, Ke Xu, Xi-Nian Zuo, Yanqing Tang, Fei Wang
BACKGROUND: Local functional connectivity (FC) indicates local or short-distance functional interactions and may serve as a neuroimaging marker to investigate the human brain connectome. Local FC alterations suggest a disrupted balance in the local functionality of the whole brain network and are increasingly implicated in schizophrenia (SZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We aim to examine the similarities and differences in the local FC across SZ, BD, and MDD...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mette Kragh, Erik Roj Larsen, Klaus Martiny, Dorthe Norden Møller, Camilla Schultz Wihlborg, Tove Lindhardt, Poul Videbech
There is growing evidence for combined chronotherapeutic interventions as adjunctive treatments for major depression. However, as the treatments can be demanding, we need to identify predictors of response. This study aimed to describe predictors of response, remission and deterioration in the short-term phase, as well as predictors of long-term response. The predictors investigated were gender, type of depression, severity of depression, treatment resistance, quetiapine use, general self-efficacy, educational level and positive diurnal variation...
May 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
Chun Xu, Annika Verena Goß, Carmen Dorneburg, Klaus-Michael Debatin, Jiwu Wei, Christian Beltinger
Background: Attenuated oncolytic measles virus (OMV) is a promising antitumor agent in early-phase clinical trials. However, pre-existing immunity against measles might be a hurdle for OMV therapy. Methods: OMV was inactivated with short-wavelength ultraviolet light (UV-C). Loss of replication and oncolytic activity of UV-inactivated OMV were confirmed by tissue culture infective dose 50 (TCID50 ) assay using Vero cells and by flow cytometry using Jurkat cells. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to verify that UV-inactivated OMV remained antigenic...
2018: Oncolytic Virotherapy
Agnieszka Kolodziejczyk, Aleksandra Jakubowska, Magdalena Kucinska, Tomasz Wasiak, Piotr Komorowski, Krzysztof Makowski, Bogdan Walkowiak
Endothelial cells, due to their location, are interesting objects for atomic force spectroscopy study. They constitute a barrier between blood and vessel tissues located deeper, and therefore they are the first line of contact with various substances present in blood, eg, drugs or nanoparticles. This work intends to verify whether the mechanical response of immortalized human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.hy926), when exposed to silver nanoparticles, as measured using force spectroscopy, could be effectively used as a bio-indicator of the physiological state of the cells...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Diwakar Vyas, Aklilu W Alemu, Sean M McGinn, Stephane M Duval, Maik Kindermann, Karen A Beauchemin
The study objective was to evaluate the combined effects of supplementing monensin (MON) and the methane (CH4) inhibitor 3-nitrooxypropanol (NOP) on enteric CH4 emissions, growth rate and feed conversion efficiency of backgrounding and finishing beef cattle. Two hundred and forty crossbred steers were used in a 238-d feeding study and fed a backgrounding diet for the first 105-d (backgrounding phase), transition diets for 28 d, followed by a finishing diet for 105-d (finishing phase). Treatments were: 1) Control (no additive); 2) MON (monensin supplemented at 33 mg/kg DM; 3) NOP (3-nitrooxypropanol supplemented at 200 mg/kg DM for backgrounding or 125 mg/kg DM for finishing phase); 4) MONOP (33 mg/kg DM MON supplemented with either 200 mg/kg DM or 125 mg/kg DM NOP)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Magnus Kentson, Per Leanderson, Petra Jacobson, Hans Lennart Persson
Background: The prevalence of individuals deficient in vitamin D (defined as a serum level of the stable metabolite 25(OH)D <50 nmol/L) is increasing in countries with low annual ultraviolet (UV) radiation and among individuals unable to perform outdoor activities, for example, COPD patients. Objective: To assess the role of vitamin D deficiency, independently of seasonal variation, the peak annual value of 25(OH)D was measured in subjects with advanced COPD ± long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and lung healthy control subjects...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Piotr Żukowski, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Danuta Waszkiel
OBJECTIVE: An oral cavity is a place especially susceptible to oxidative damage. It is subjected to many environmental pro-oxidative factors or factors that have the ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this article is to present the main sources of ROS and oxidative stress in the oral environment. DESIGN: A literature search was performed using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. RESULTS: One of the most important ROS sources in the oral cavity is periodontal inflammation...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Kim R Rogers, Jana Navratilova, Aleksandr Stefaniak, Lauren Bowers, Alycia K Knepp, Souhail R Al-Abed, Phillip Potter, Alireza Gitipour, Islam Radwan, Clay Nelson, Karen D Bradham
Given the potential for human exposure to silver nanoparticles from spray disinfectants and dietary supplements, we characterized the silver-containing nanoparticles in 22 commercial products that advertised the use of silver or colloidal silver as the active ingredient. Characterization parameters included: total silver, fractionated silver (particulate and dissolved), primary particle size distribution, hydrodynamic diameter, particle number, and plasmon resonance absorbance. A high degree of variability between claimed and measured values for total silver was observed...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
S Kim, Y M Yoon, Y-S Han, J H Lee, J Hur, S H Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of concurrent GRP78 overexpression combined with Cripto on hMSC proliferation and migration both in vitro and in vivo. Specifically, we explored whether the treatment enhances effectiveness of hMSC transplantation in ischaemic tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human MSCs obtained from human adipose tissue were cultured in α-minimum essential medium (Hyclone, Logan, UT, USA) supplemented with 10% (v/v) foetal bovine serum (Hyclone), 100 U mL-1 penicillin and 100 μg mL-1 streptomycin...
May 2, 2018: Cell Proliferation
Jayashree Madhavan, Sundaram Chandrasekharan, M K Priya, Ashok Godavarthi
Background: Human eye is constantly exposed to different wavelengths and intensities of light. Oxidative stress results in distinct changes to retinal organs and tissues. Macular pigments (lutein and zeaxanthin), present in the central macular region, provide protection from photodamages by absorption of high energy blue light and also by virtue of their anti-oxidant activity. Ocular phototoxicity is thus prevented by our efficient anti-oxidant system, in both young and old. One of the best commercial sources of pure lutein and zeaxanthin is Marigold flowers...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Pragney Deme, Chandrakala Aluganti Narasimhulu, Sampath Parthasarathy
We previously reported that sesame oil (SO) has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic and lipid lowering properties in vivo. Our recent studies have shown that, an aqueous extract of sesame oil (SOAE) has also anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties but with no lipid lowering effects. The extent of reduction in atherosclerosis led us to identify components of SOAE and evaluate their anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometric method was used to detect and identify components of SOAE...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Julia A Licholai, Katrina P Nguyen, Wambura C Fobbs, Corbin J Schuster, Mohamed A Ali, Alexxai V Kravitz
OBJECTIVE: Ad libitum high-fat diets (HFDs) spontaneously increase caloric intake in rodents, which correlates positively with weight gain. However, it remains unclear why rodents overeat HFDs. This paper investigated how changing the proportion of diet that came from HFDs might alter daily caloric intake in mice. METHODS: Mice were given 25%, 50%, or 90% of their daily caloric need from an HFD, along with ad libitum access to a low-fat rodent chow diet. Food intake was measured daily to determine how these HFD supplements impacted total daily caloric intake...
April 29, 2018: Obesity
Stefano Campanaro, Laura Treu, Panagiotis G Kougias, Gang Luo, Irini Angelidaki
The aim of this work was to elucidate the microbial ecology in twelve mesophilic and thermophilic full-scale biogas plants using a genome-centric metagenomic approach. In this study both biogas plants treating manure and those treating sludge from waste water treatment plants were considered. The identification of 132 Metagenome-Assembled Genomes (MAGs) and analysis of their abundance profile in different samples allowed the identification of the most abundant core members of the anaerobic digestion microbiome...
April 20, 2018: Water Research
Julia A Maresca, Kelsey J Miller, Jessica L Keffer, Chandran R Sabanayagam, Barbara J Campbell
Although sunlight is an abundant source of energy in surface environments, less than 0.5% of the available photons are captured by (bacterio)chlorophyll dependent photosynthesis in plants and bacteria. Metagenomic data indicate that 30-60% of the bacterial genomes in some environments encode rhodopsins, retinal-based photosystems found in heterotrophs, suggesting that sunlight may provide energy for more life than previously suspected. However, quantitative data on the number of cells that produce rhodopsins in environmental systems is limited...
April 27, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Keach Murakami, Ryo Matsuda, Kazuhiro Fujiwara
To enable us to analyze the effects of the spectral distribution of light (i.e. light quality) on the photosynthetic electron transport more systematically, we propose a simple mathematical model which describes electron transport reactions under light-limited conditions based on the excitation energy distributed to the photosystems. The model assumes that the rate-limiting photosystem performs the photochemical reaction at its maximum yield, while the yield in the other photosystem is passively down-regulated to equalize the rates of linear electron transport through the photosystems...
April 25, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
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