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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924525/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-sesame-oil-on-atherosclerosis-a-descriptive-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Edmund Hsu, Sam Parthasarathy
Sesame oil (SO) is a supplement that has been known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it effective for reducing atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Due to the side effects of statins, the current recommended treatment for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases, the idea of using dietary and nutritional supplementation has been explored. The benefits of a dietary health regime have piqued curiosity because many different cultures have reaped health benefits through the ingredients in their cooking with negligible side effects...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924509/in-vitro-asymbiotic-germination-for-micropropagation-of-the-recalcitrant-terrestrial-orchid-chloraea-crispa-orchidaceae
#2
Karla Quiroz, Jessica Saavedra, Hermine Vogel, Gabriela Verdugo, Peter D S Caligari, Rolando García-Gonzáles
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Chloraea crispa is a terrestrial Orchidaceae species native to Chile, characterized by a beautiful and showy inflorescence. The species has a great potential for commercial exploitation in the cut flower industry, but it is essential to improve propagation methods to avoid endangering its natural populations. Because this species is hard to propagate using traditional greenhouse techniques, in vitro techniques offer an effective tool for its large-scale production in terms of germination, growth, and propagation...
August 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920809/evaluation-of-bone-mineralization-by-computed-tomography-in-wild-and-captive-european-common-spadefoots-pelobates-fuscus-in-relation-to-exposure-to-ultraviolet-b-radiation-and-dietary-supplements
#3
Martine van Zijll Langhout, Richard P J H Struijk, Tessa Könning, Dick van Zuilen, Katalin Horvath, Hester van Bolhuis, Roelof Maarschalkerweerd, Frank Verstappen
Captive rearing programs have been initiated to save the European common spadefoot (Pelobates fuscus), a toad species in the family of Pelobatidae, from extinction in The Netherlands. Evaluating whether this species needs ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation and/or dietary supplementation for healthy bone development is crucial for its captive management and related conservation efforts. The bone mineralization in the femurs and the thickest part of the parietal bone of the skulls of European common spadefoots (n = 51) was measured in Hounsfield units (HUs) by computed tomography...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918314/empirical-research-evaluating-the-effects-of-non-traditional-approaches-to-enhancing-sleep-in-typical-and-clinical-children-and%C3%A2-young-people
#4
REVIEW
Karyn G France, Laurie K McLay, Jolene E Hunter, Madeline L S France
This paper examines the effects of non-traditional (non-behavioural and non-prescription pharmaceutical) approaches to sleep in children and young people (0-18 y). A systematic search identified 79 studies that met inclusion criteria. Seventeen percent of the studies were rated as having a conclusive level of evidence, forty-two percent with preponderant evidence and forty-one percent with only suggestive evidence. There were promising indications, with certain populations only, for aromatherapy, ketogenic diets, an elimination diet (few foods diet), elimination of cow's milk, avoidance of caffeine, tryptophan with adenosine and uridine, omega-3 and omega-6, valerian, music, osteopathic manipulation and white noise...
July 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904394/ultraviolet-b-light-emitting-diodes-leds-are-more-efficient-and-effective-in-producing-vitamin-d3-in-human-skin-compared-to-natural-sunlight
#5
T A Kalajian, A Aldoukhi, A J Veronikis, K Persons, M F Holick
Vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin is important for health. Those with fat malabsorption disorders malabsorb vitamin D and thus must rely on cutaneous production of vitamin D3. Vitamin D3 is generated secondary to exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation (whether from the sun or from an artificial source). Light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been developed to emit ultraviolet radiation. Little is known about the efficiency of UVB emitting LEDs tuned to different wavelengths for producing vitamin D3 in human skin...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903796/measurement-of-fall-prevention-awareness-and-behaviours-among-older-adults-at-home
#6
Katherine Russell, Darcie Taing, Jacqueline Roy
This study surveyed awareness of, and adherence to, six national fall prevention recommendations among community-dwelling older adults (n = 1050) in Ottawa. Although 76 per cent of respondents agreed falling is a concern and preventable, fewer perceived susceptibility to falling (63%). Respondents had high awareness that home modifications and physical activity can prevent falls. Reported modifications included grab bars (50%), night lights (44%), and raised toilet seats (19%). Half met aerobic activity recommendations; 38 per cent met strength recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894626/ultraviolet-light-assisted-extraction-of-flavonoids-and-allantoin-from-aqueous-and-alcoholic-extracts-of-symphytum-officinale
#7
Marwan S M Al-Nimer, Zainab Wahbee
AIM: Symphytum officinale (comfrey) is a medicinal plant commonly used in decoction and to treat ailments. It protects the skin against ultraviolet (UV)-irradiation. UV irradiation may induce variable effects on the constituents of herbal extracts and thereby may limit or improve the advantages of using these extracts as medicinal supplements. This study aimed to assess the effect of UV radiations including UV-A, UV-B, and UV-C on the constituents of S. officinale aqueous and alcoholic extracts...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893306/monitored-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-in-preterm-infants-mosvid-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Alicja Kołodziejczyk, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Joanna Seliga-Siwecka
BACKGROUND: The pivotal role of vitamin D (vit D) in skeletal health is well known. Neonatal vit D storage at birth is dependent on maternal levels, and newborns receive 50-70% of their mother's 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. Deficiency of vit D can lead to prematurity bone disease, with an incidence of up to 55% in infants weighing < 1000 g. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of monitored supplementation of vit D in a population of preterm infants. METHODS/DESIGN: Preterm infants born at 24-32 weeks of gestation will be recruited within the first 7 days of life...
September 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885372/light-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-associated-fatigue-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Farrah J Mateen, Natalie C Manalo, Sara J Grundy, Melissa A Houghton, Gladia C Hotan, Hans Erickson, Aleksandar Videnovic
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most commonly reported symptom among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, more than a quarter of whom consider fatigue to be their most disabling symptom. However, there are few effective treatment options for fatigue. We aim to investigate whether supplemental exposure to bright white light will reduce MS-associated fatigue. METHODS: Eligible participants will have clinically confirmed multiple sclerosis based on the revised McDonald criteria (2010) and a score ≥36 on the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881609/grape-seed-extracts-modify-the-outcome-of-oxaliplatin-in-colon-cancer-cells-by-interfering-with-cellular-mechanisms-of-drug-cytotoxicity
#10
Letizia Porcelli, Rosa Maria Iacobazzi, Anna Elisa Quatrale, Carlo Bergamini, Nunzio Denora, Pasquale Crupi, Donato Antonacci, Anita Mangia, Giovanni Simone, Nicola Silvestris, Amalia Azzariti
Grape seed extracts are commonly utilized as dietary supplements for their antioxidant properties, even from cancer patients. However, whether these natural extracts interfere with chemotherapeutics utilized in colon cancer treatment is still poorly investigated. The cytotoxicity of extracts from Italia and Palieri cultivars either alone or in combination with oxaliplatin was evaluated in colon cancer cells. Grape seed extracts displayed anti-proliferative activity depending on the concentration utilized through apoptosis induction...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881306/assessment-of-baseline-ecotoxicity-of-sediments-from-a-prospective-mining-area-enriched-in-light-rare-earth-elements
#11
A Romero-Freire, L Minguez, M Pelletier, A Cayer, C Caillet, S Devin, E M Gross, F Guérold, S Pain-Devin, D A L Vignati, L Giamberini
Rare earth elements (REEs) disperse from indigenous rocks to the environment, thus making sediments one of the major sinks and sources of metal pollution. The emerging use of REEs and the subsequent opening of new mining areas may contribute to their release into surrounding ecosystems. For this reason, this study was performed in a natural area with geological material abundant in ferrocarbonatites and light REE. The aim of this work was to assess the natural REE availability and (eco)toxicity in freshwater sediments...
September 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873514/effect-of-dietary-vitamin-e-on-physicochemical-and-fatty-acid-stability-of-fresh-and-thawed-lamb
#12
M Bellés, L N Leal, V Díaz, V Alonso, P Roncalés, J A Beltrán
This study evaluated the effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation (1000mg of DL-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg of basal diet) on physicochemical and fatty acid stability of fresh and thawed lamb leg chops, frozen stored for 3, 6 and 9months. Legs were chopped, modified atmosphere packaged (70%O2/30%CO2) and maintained under retail conditions (4±0.5°C, with 14h fluorescent light) for 9days. Muscle α-tocopherol concentration was over 3.5-fold higher in supplemented samples than in control lambs. The effect of dietary vitamin E was independent of frozen storage, so these effects were analysed separately...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871411/histodifferentiation-of-oil-palm-somatic-embryo-development-at-low-auxin-concentration
#13
M S Pádua, R S Santos, C R G Labory, V C Stein, E G Mendonça, E Alves, L V Paiva
Large-scale propagation of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis, Jacq.) is difficult due to its single apical meristem. Thus, obtaining plants is mainly through seed germination, and a long growing period is required before oil production is possible. An alternative to large-scale seedling production is indirect somatic embryogenesis. The aim of this study was to analyze the somatic embryogenesis process in oil palm (E. guineensis Jacq.) with amino acids and low concentrations of auxins. The Tenera hybrid was analyzed by cytochemical and ultrastructural methods and was used to regenerate oil palm plants...
September 4, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870486/effect-of-1-y-oral-supplementation-with-vitaminized-olive-oil-on-platelets-from-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#14
Arianna Vignini, Laura Nanetti, Francesca Raffaelli, Jacopo Sabbatinelli, Eleonora Salvolini, Veronica Quagliarini, Nelvio Cester, Laura Mazzanti
OBJECTIVE: Olive oil is the main fat source in the Mediterranean diet and shows a protective role against aging and related diseases. Osteoporosis represents a serious health problem worldwide and is associated with an increased risk for fractures and mortality. Nutrition should be part of bone disease prevention strategies, especially in light of the aging population and the effect of diet on bone health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral supplementation with extra virgin olive oil (VOO) enriched with vitamins D3, K1, and B6 (VitVOO) is able to modify some physicochemical and functional plasma membrane properties and nitrosative stress markers status...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867596/relationship-between-aluminum-stress-and-caffeine-biosynthesis-in-suspension-cells-of-coffea-arabica-l
#15
Roberto Pech-Kú, J Armando Muñoz-Sánchez, Miriam Monforte-González, Felipe Vázquez-Flota, Beatriz A Rodas-Junco, Víctor M González-Mendoza, S M Teresa Hernández-Sotomayor
Toxicity by aluminum is a growth-limiting factor in plants cultivated in acidic soils. This metal also promotes signal transduction pathways leading to the biosynthesis of defense compounds, including secondary metabolites. In this study, we observed that Coffea arabica L. cells that were kept in the dark did not produce detectable levels of caffeine. However, irradiation with light and supplementation of the culture medium with theobromine were the best conditions for cell maintenance to investigate the role of aluminum in caffeine biosynthesis...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857573/achieving-high-strength-and-ductility-in-magnesium-alloys-via-densely-hierarchical-double-contraction-nanotwins
#16
Hui Fu, Bincheng Ge, Yunchang Xin, Ruizhi Wu, Carlos Fernandez, Jianyu Huang, Qiuming Peng
Light-weight magnesium alloys with high strength are especially desirable for the applications in transportation, aerospace, electronic components and implants owing to their high stiffness, abundant raw materials and environmental friendliness. Unfortunately, conventional strengthening methods mainly involve the formation of internal defects, in which particles and grain boundaries prohibit dislocation motion as well as compromise ductility invariably. Herein, we report a novel strategy for simultaneously achieving high specific yield strength (~160 kNmkg-1) and good elongation (~23...
August 31, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856909/lactococcus-lactis-and-lactobacillus-salivarius-bgbu1-4-differently-modulate-early-immunological-response-of-wistar-rats-co-administered-with-listeria-monocytogenes
#17
J Lukic, I Jancic, N Mirkovic, B Bufan, J Djokic, M Milenkovic, J Begovic, I Strahinic, J Lozo
In the light of the increasing resistance of bacterial pathogens to antibiotics, one of the main global strategies in applied science is development of alternative treatments, which would be safe both for the host and from the environmental perspective. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to test whether two lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains, Lactococcus lactis BGBU1-4 and Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1, could be applied as safe supplements for Listeria infection. Two major research objectives were set: to compare the effects of BGBU1-4 and BGHO1 on early immune response in gut tissue of Wistar rats co-administered with Listeria monocytogenes ATCC19111 and next, to test how this applies to their usage as therapeutics in acute ATCC19111 infection...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852418/danggui-buxue-tang-a-simple-chinese-formula-containing-astragali-radix-and-angelicae-sinensis-radix-stimulates-the-expressions-of-neurotrophic-factors-in-cultured-sh-sy5y-cells
#18
Amy G W Gong, Huai Y Wang, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim, Y Z Zheng
BACKGROUND: Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a phytoestrogen-enriched Chinese herbal formula, serves as dietary supplement in stimulating the "Blood" functions of menopausal women. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, "Blood" has a strong relationship with brain activities. Previous studies supported that some ingredients of DBT possessed neuronal beneficial functions. Therefore, the neurotrophic function and the mechanistic action of DBT were systematically evaluated in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844422/dietary-supplementation-with-essence-of-chicken-enhances-daily-oscillations-in-plasma-glucocorticoid-levels-and-behavioral-adaptation-to-the-phase-shifted-environmental-light-dark-cycle-in-mice
#19
Adila Dilixiati, Satoru Koyanagi, Naoki Kusunose, Naoya Matsunaga, Shigehiro Ohdo
Maintenance of circadian rhythms is essential to many aspects of human health, including metabolism and neurological and psychiatric well-being. Chronic disruption of circadian clock function is implicated in increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular events and development of cancers. However, there are little approaches to reinforce the function of circadian clock for prevention of these diseases. Essence of Chicken (EC) is a nutritional supplement that is traditionally made by extracting water soluble substances derived from cooking the whole chicken...
August 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841473/-metabolism-of-odontoblast-like-cells-submitted-to-transdentinal-irradiation-with-blue-and-red-led
#20
Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de Almeida, Fernanda Gonçalves Basso, Ana Paula Silveira Turrioni, Carlos Alberto de-Souza-Costa, Josimeri Hebling
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the trans-dentinal effect of light emitting diodes (LEDs) irradiation on the metabolism of odontoblast-like cells. METHODS: Seventy-two dentin discs (0.2mm thick) were obtained from human molar teeth. MDPC-23 cells (20,000 cells/disc) were seeded on the pulpal side of the discs using DMEM, supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). After 12h, the culture medium was replaced with DMEM containing 0.5% FBS. After additional 12h, blue (455±10nm) or red (630±10nm) LEDs were used at irradiances of 80 and 40mW/cm(2), respectively, to irradiate the occlusal side of the discs...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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