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Reverse mentoring

Michael Muthamia, Kenneth Owino, Paul Nyachae, Margaret Kilonzo, Mercy Kamau, Jane Otai, Mark Kabue, Nelson Keyonzo
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are safe and highly effective, and they have higher continuation rates than short-acting methods. Because only a small percentage of sexually active women in Kenya use LARCs, the Tupange project implemented a multifaceted approach to increase uptake of LARCs, particularly among the urban poor. The project included on-site mentoring, whole-site orientation, commodity security, quality improvement, and multiple demand-promotion and service-provision strategies, in the context of wide method choice...
August 11, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Babacar Gueye, Jennifer Wesson, Djimadoum Koumtingue, Sara Stratton, Claire Viadro, Hawa Talla, Etienne Dioh, Carol Cissé, Boniface Sebikali, Bocar Mamadou Daff
BACKGROUND: To broaden access to family planning in rural areas and improve contraceptive prevalence, Senegal, in the context of wide method choice, is promoting implants and the intrauterine device, currently used throughout the country by only 5.6% of women of reproductive age who are in union, primarily urban women. METHODS: The TutoratPlus performance improvement approach strengthens family planning clinical skills, particularly for long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), through mentoring, task sharing, and community outreach...
August 11, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa
Despite national guidelines for regular physical activity, most adolescents are not physically active. Schools serve an estimated 60 million youth and provide an educational environment to meet the current physical activity guidelines. The obesity epidemic and chronic disease comorbidities associated with physical inactivity are not likely to be reversed without a strong contribution from local schools. This article describes how a structured peer-mentoring method provides a feasible, flexible, and tailored means to meet the current guidelines for best practice in a school setting...
October 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Philip G Boysen, Laurie Daste, Theresa Northern
BACKGROUND: Demographics are changing on a global scale. In the United States, an aging population continues to work, either by preference or because of insufficient resources to retire. Of even greater importance, a younger generation, referred to as the Millennial Generation, will soon predominate in the workforce and even now accounts for nearly 100% of resident physicians. By the year 2020, there will be 5 generations in the workplace. METHODS: This paper defines and details the characteristics of the 5 generations and examines how the vision, attitudes, values, and expectations of the most recent generations will reshape the workforce and graduate medical education...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Hitesh H Shah, Nancy Day Adams, Joseph Mattana, Aditya Kadiyala, Kenar D Jhaveri
Interest in nephrology careers continues to decline in the United States. The reasons for this declining interest are not fully understood but it is plausible that inadequate exposure to the full spectrum of what a career in nephrology encompasses may be part of the explanation. Inpatient-based nephrology electives have been a common venue for residents to gain exposure to nephrology but little is known regarding the details of such electives and how often they include outpatient experiences. We carried out a national survey of nephrology fellowship training program directors to obtain data on the content of nephrology elective experiences as well as their ideas on how to promote interest in the field...
July 2015: Renal Failure
Richard P Wenzel, Michael B Edmond
The American public entrusts academic medicine with a varied portfolio of critical responsibilities: the thoughtful mentoring of future generations of doctors, the engagement of cutting edge discoveries, and the empathic treatment of patients with complicated illnesses. The erosion of time to perform these duties has led to an estrangement of our key professional values and thus a loss of public trust, the inability to recognize new diseases, reduced communication in our ranks, and physician dissatisfaction...
April 2015: Infection
Ahmad Almilaji, Mentor Sopjani, Bernat Elvira, José Borras, Miribane Dërmaku-Sopjani, Carlos Munoz, Jamshed Warsi, Undine E Lang, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The transmembrane Klotho protein contributes to inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could function as an enzyme with e.g. β-glucuronidase activity, be cleaved off and be released into blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Klotho regulates several cellular transporters. Klotho protein deficiency accelerates the appearance of age related disorders including neurodegeneration and muscle wasting and eventually leads to premature death...
2014: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Shefalee K Bhavsar, Zohreh Hosseinzadeh, Dirk Brenner, Sabina Honisch, Kashif Jilani, Guoxing Liu, Kalina Szteyn, Mentor Sopjani, Tak W Mak, Ekaterina Shumilina, Florian Lang
Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) contributes to intracellular signaling of leptin and erythropoietin, hormones protecting cells during energy depletion. The present study explores whether JAK2 is activated by energy depletion and regulates Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, the major energy-consuming pump. In Jurkat cells, JAK2 activity was determined by radioactive kinase assay, phosphorylated JAK2 detected by Western blotting, ATP levels measured by luciferase assay, as well as Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α1-subunit transcript and protein abundance determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively...
February 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Suzanne K Powell
With the aging case management workforce, bringing up younger professionals is a vitally current issue. This editorial focuses on the millennial generation of potential case managers, those born between 1980 and 2000, as these are the ages of the most likely "replacements." Traditional mentoring focuses on sponsorship and coaching. Is this enough to bring passion in the younger generation? Adding the model of "reverse mentoring" may be key in engaging these professionals. Reverse mentoring focuses on knowledge sharing and leadership development...
November 2013: Professional Case Management
Rainer H Borkenhagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Laureen H Smith, Christopher Holloman
Childhood obesity prevalence rates in the United States are the highest in the rural Appalachian areas. Teens mentoring younger children to reverse obesity health risks are an understudied approach. This randomized-controlled trial compared the effects of two curriculum delivery methods and assessed the mediating effects of the number of sessions attended on the outcomes. The control group received the 8-week Just for Kids! curriculum via an adult teacher in a classroom and the experimental group received the same curriculum via individual teen mentoring...
October 2013: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Balasaheb Siraskar, Dan Yang Huang, Tatsiana Pakladok, Gulab Siraskar, Mentor Sopjani, Ioana Alesutan, Yulia Kucherenko, Ahmad Almilaji, Vasudharani Devanathan, Ekaterina Shumilina, Michael Föller, Carlos Munoz, Florian Lang
The 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated by energy depletion, increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) activity, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide. AMPK participates in the regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC and the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. It is partially effective by decreasing PIP(2) formation through the PI3K pathway. The present study explored whether AMPK regulates the renal outer medullary K(+) channel ROMK. To this end, cRNA encoding ROMK was injected into Xenopus oocytes with and without additional injection of constitutively active AMPK(γR70Q) (AMPK(α1)-HA+AMPK(β1)-Flag+AMPKγ1(R70Q)), or of inactive AMPK(αK45R) (AMPK(α1K45R)+AMPK(β1)-Flag+AMPK(γ1)-HA), and the current determined utilizing two-electrode voltage-clamp and single channel patch clamp...
February 2013: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
I Iniesta
INTRODUCTION: Greek and Roman worship of their gods and myths go back to Ancient Egyptian times. Images engraved in Greco-Roman coinage range from references to the assassination of Caesar and legendary stories like the arrival of a snake shaped demi-god Aesculapius to save the Romans from the plague, to invocations of major deities including Apollo the physician or Ammon the protector. DEVELOPMENT: Depicted with the horns of a ram, Ammon was adopted by the Greeks as an epithet of Zeus and later incorporated by the Romans as Jupiter...
October 2014: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Stephanie Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2012: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
Justin A Baker, Shweta Vora, Latifa Bairam, Hyeong-il Kim, Elaine L Davis, Sebastiano Andreana
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine differences in primary stability between implants placed in cortical bone following Piezoelectric or conventional site preparation, as assessed by resonance frequency analysis (RFA) and reverse torque testing (RTT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four fresh bovine ribs were acquired and surgical guides fabricated with five sites per rib (n = 20), for proper site preparation. Implant sites were prepared via conventional drilling technique as per manufacturer's instruction (Implantium) or via Piezoelectric (Mectron) implant site preparation using the Implant Prep kit...
April 2012: Clinical Oral Implants Research
L C Sharkey, R M Simpson, M L Wellman, L E Craig, T A Birkebak, N D Kock, M A Miller, R K Harris, L Munson
Veterinary pathologists traditionally have been actively engaged in research as principal investigators and as collaborators. Pathologists frequently obtain advanced training in research; however, it appears that in the last 10 years there has been a reversal of a previous trend toward increasing numbers of pathologists obtaining PhD degrees. This has arisen despite an established shortage of veterinarians engaged in research. This article evaluates the benefits of research training for individual pathologists, including a wide spectrum of professional opportunities and additional skill development beyond that usually provided by diagnostic pathology training alone...
July 2012: Veterinary Pathology
Federico Costantino, Didier Mutter, Jacopo D'Agostino, Mario Dente, Joël Leroy, Hurng Sheng Wu, Jacques Marescaux
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of an expert monitoring on the quality and results of laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LRHP) performed by trainee surgeons by comparing their results to the expert's outcomes. METHODS: Forty-two LRHP were performed between 2000 and 2008 following a step-by-step, standardised, full laparoscopic procedure. Patients operated upon by a senior surgeon were compared to patients operated upon by trainee surgeons while being mentored by the senior surgeon...
January 2012: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
J G Makama, E A Ameh
BACKGROUND: Medical students' decreasing interest in surgical careers has raised much concern. This report is to ascertain the influence of surgical clerkship on the perceptions of medical students on prospects of a future career interest in surgery. METHODS: A cross sectional study, involving final year medical students. Information concerning their interest in a surgical career, what they thought of surgery before and after general surgery clerkship was obtained...
September 2010: African Health Sciences
Vanchit John, Maria Papageorge, Leila Jahangiri, Michelle Wheater, David Cappelli, Robert Frazer, Woosung Sohn
The scarcity of full-time clinical faculty members in dental schools across the country is a major crisis confronting dentistry. Dental schools are experiencing critical faculty shortages and are struggling to maintain appropriate faculty to student ratios. The adage of "doing more with less" applies, in many ways, to dental schools and their mission of educating future dentists. Solutions to the problem have included plans to recruit, develop, and mentor faculty members. However, progress has been slow. Dental schools have created incentive programs to help with faculty shortages and develop future educators in dentistry...
January 2011: Journal of Dental Education
Charles B Cairns, Ronald V Maier, Opeolu Adeoye, Darryl Baptiste, William G Barsan, Lorne Blackbourne, Randall Burd, Christopher Carpenter, David Chang, William Cioffi, Edward Cornwell, J Michael Dean, Carmel Dyer, David Jaffe, Geoff Manley, William J Meurer, Robert Neumar, Robert Silbergleit, Molly Stevens, Michael Wang, Debra Weiner, David Wright et al.
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) formed an NIH Task Force on Research in Emergency Medicine to enhance NIH support for emergency care research. The NIH Trauma Research Roundtable was convened on June 22 to 23, 2009. The objectives of the roundtable are to identify key research questions essential to advancing the scientific underpinnings of emergency trauma care and to discuss the barriers and best means to advance research by exploring the role of trauma research networks and collaboration between NIH and the emergency trauma care community...
November 2010: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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